Garden

Alfalfa: useful properties and contraindications, photo

Alfalfa grass - a medicinal plant, a representative of the legume family. Alfalfa has an erect stem and small green leaves located throughout the stem (see photo). The birthplace of the plant is considered to be Central Asia, wild grass is found in Russia, in the Balkans.

The plant is recognized by medicine and is used as a medicine for many diseases. Alfalfa gained fame thanks to sales representative Karl Renborg. At that time, Renborg worked in China, traveled a lot and studied the food traditions of healthy villagers. Most diseases, according to Renborg, were caused by malnutrition in large cities. He drew attention to alfalfa, a very famous plant in traditional medicine of China, and on its basis created the first dietary supplement in the world.

Growing and Germination

Alfalfa can be grown at the cottage. Before sowing the grass, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work, namely, to clear the area of ​​weeds and loosen the ground. The soil for growing alfalfa must be fertile. Seeds can be sown in separate rows or combined with the sowing of other cereals or legumes.

Alfalfa is often grown on hay as a top dressing for animals. For medicinal or gastronomic needs, alfalfa can be grown even without soil. In this case, the nutrient alfalfa sprouts germinate. Sprouts sprout from the seeds of grass, to taste they can be compared with green peas. You can germinate alfalfa at home. To do this, one bag of seeds must be soaked in a jar in cold water. In the morning, the seeds will need to be washed again and transferred to another jar. Germinating seeds can be in a jar, giving it a horizontal position. Seeds should be washed periodically (approximately 2-3 times a day). If everything is done correctly, the first green sprouts will appear in a week. Before use, the sprouts must be washed carefully, separating the particles of seeds from the sprouts. Sprouts can be stored in the refrigerator, previously wrapped in a paper towel.

Alfalfa - beneficial properties and applications

The plant contains analogues of the hormones phyto-estrogens. Preparations based on this plant are used as a treatment for female infertility. Often used for mastopathy and uterine fibroids, but you must first consult with a physician phytotherapist.

The composition of the grass includes a large number of enzymes and useful elements:

  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Manganese
  • Silicon
  • sodium
  • Vitamins of group C, K, D, E, B12, B1, B2

From a dried herb, a diuretic is prepared, diuretic, for diabetics, bactericidal, for the rapid healing of wounds. The tool acts as an anti-inflammatory and strengthening immunity.

The healing properties of alfalfa have a beneficial effect on the body during the menstrual cycle, especially when there are deviations from the norm, during pregnancy it strengthens the bones of the fetus, and after the hearth the baby’s feeding period helps milk production.

Alfalfa beneficial properties - recipes

Diabetes sugar reduction

Alfalfa effectively affects the body with diabetes and lowers blood sugar. Freshly squeezed juice and herbs, dilute in a ratio of 1: 1 and drink 50 grams before meals for 30 minutes 3 times a day.

Removes toxins from the body

Alfalfa contains a large amount of insoluble fiber and chlorophyll, due to this, the blood is well cleansed of various toxins.

Recipe: 1 tbsp. teaspoon of crushed dry grass, pour a glass of boiling water, cover and insist for 2-3 hours.Strain and take throughout the day, dividing the glass into 3 parts before eating for 20-30 minutes.

Lowers cholesterol

Cholesterol - contributes to the appearance of atherosclerosis of blood vessels, as a result of atherosclerotic plaques and chronic cardiovascular disease. In simple words, there is a blockage of the veins for the flow of blood.

Grass contains saponins, which remove cholesterol. With untimely treatment, there is a pathology of the heart, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, impaired brain function, hypertension. To do this, make tincture from the grass of alfalfa.

Preparation: 1 tbsp. spoon of dry grass, poured with 100 grams of pure alcohol, and insist at room temperature when closed for 2 weeks. Take a tincture of 10 grams 3 times a day before meals. Can be diluted in small quantities in water, for people who can not tolerate alcohol tinctures.

Enamel Strengthening

As part of a medicinal herb, a certain amount of fluorine is contained. Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay. Drink alfalfa-based tea while steaming in a thermos.

Since ancient times, the plant is used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gastritis, ulcers, spasms of the digestive tract. Tea is made from sowing alfalfa and is drunk with the addition of mint and honey.

Method of preparation: 2 tablespoons of chopped mint and alfalfa in equal amounts, pour 2 cups of boiling water, cover and let it brew for 30 minutes. You can add honey to your taste and drink 1 glass 2 times a day before meals.

Anti-aging skin care mask

Grind dry grass to powder in a volume of 1 table boat. Add a little boiling water to a thick consistency. Mix well, let it brew a little, add a little natural honey and re-mix, now you can apply on the skin of the face, beware of contact with eyes and lips.

After 10 minutes, rinse with cool water and apply a moisturizer. A similar procedure is done no more than 1-2 times a week. In addition to the anti-aging effect, the mask tightens the skin, reduces the appearance of wrinkles and folds, and relieves swelling.

Strengthening and hair growth
A good effect on hair growth, shows when rinsing in infusions.

Alfalfa seeds are harvested and added as an additive to various salads. This is a natural nutritional supplement with the taste of green peas.

Green smoothie to boost immunity

Cook well in the hot season, as a means to quench your thirst. In addition, the drink contains many vitamins, fiber.

Recipe: fresh alfalfa grass, nettle leaves, green onions, parsley, sorrel, celery, broccoli. We grind all components, and beat with a blender until smooth. Dilute with cool water, add honey or sweet syrup to taste and consume 50-100 grams. After a while, the dose can be increased. The drink is good for weight loss.

Cancer Alfalfa

Recipe: 2 tbsp. tablespoons of crushed raw materials, pour 0.5 liters of water and boil for at least 5 minutes. Cover and let it brew for 1 hour. Also used for colpitis. The solution is used in the form of douching.

Dry ground grass can be sprinkled on an open wound or, as a lotion, previously wetted with a bandage in the solution, thus stopping bleeding. When applied repeatedly to the wound, the grass promotes rapid healing.

Sickle Alfalfa - A Recipe for Calming the Nervous System

For 0.5 l of water, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of dry grass, boil for 5 minutes, cover and let it infuse.
Strain and consume 100 grams (half a glass) before eating food, three times a day.
You can simply pour boiling water and insist for 3-4 hours, and then use the above as said.

One way to neutralize infection

Alfalfa-based drugs act as diuretics, they are taken with cystitis, prostatitis, jade.The use of broth, contribute to the rapid removal of salts from the body, especially with diseases such as arthritis, osteochondrosis, gout.

Alfalfa - contraindications

In addition to anti-aging properties and raising immunity, there are restrictions on admission.
With normal use, there are no obvious contraindications. But with increased doses and excessive use, the drug contributes to the occurrence of lupus erythematosus. This disease, like arthritis, is accompanied by pain in the joints and throughout the body. With such diseases, the use is prohibited.

The use of a decoction from this plant during pregnancy and children under 12 years of age, you must first consult a doctor. During these periods, allergic reactions are possible, especially during pregnancy, when the body is completely reconfigured. Also, any application must begin with small doses.

Alfalfa is a grassy plant with openwork growth. It belongs to the legume family. Many species are found around the globe, but the main centers are Central Asia, the Mediterranean and North America. The plant is very popular in agriculture, as it is an excellent green manure, honey plant, medicine and forage crop. Such wonderful qualities of alfalfa were known even 6-7 millennia ago. In addition to useful characteristics, alfalfa has decorative properties and can be used to decorate the garden in a natural style.

Plant description

The genus of alfalfa is represented by annual and perennial plants. Branched grassy stems branch from the base or closer to the ends, therefore they often form a shrub 0.5-1.5 m high. A powerful rod rhizome penetrates deeply (up to 10 m) into the soil and is covered by lateral branches. This allows alfalfa to accumulate nutrients and nutrients inaccessible to many other plants. Some varieties tend to have horizontal root shoots. Like most legumes, nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria form on the roots of alfalfa. This contributes to the processing of nitrogen from the air and the enrichment of the soil with nutrients.

Petiole leaves grow along the entire length of the shoots. They are grouped in 3 and have a rounded or oblong shape. Each lobe grows on a small separate petiole. In the central segment, it is elongated. Notches are present along the edge of the sheet plate, and a short pile is often visible on the reverse side.

















Cylindrical or capitate inflorescences of a cylindrical shape bloom from the axils of the leaves and at the top of the stem. Their length is 1.5-8 cm. Each has 12-26 buds. Corollas in the shape of a sailboat or moth consist of 5 petals. The lower pair is fused and the stamens and pestle are located in it. Flowers sit on individual shortened pedicels. The lower buds are the first to blossom. The color of the petals is dominated by shades of blue, purple or yellow. Varieties with variegated flowers are found. The flowering period begins after 1.5-2 months after sowing and can last up to 3-4 weeks. Each brush blooms up to 10 days. Every day, 3-5 new buds open in it.

Pollination occurs only with the help of insects. After it, fruits in the form of beans with brown or brown peel are tied. They are sickle-shaped or spiral-shaped. Inside are small, similar to tiny beans, seeds. Their dense, weakly permeable shell is painted in yellow or brown-brown.

Alfalfa variety

Alfalfa is represented by more than 100 plant species. About half of them can be found in Russia.

A plant with a developed rhizome and root offspring looks like a large shrub 40-80 cm high. Shoots are bare or covered with a sparse pile. Ternate petiole leaves of an oval-lanceolate or lanceolate form grow on them.The length of the sheet is 0.5-2.2 cm, and the width is 2-6 mm. Dense capitate brushes adorn alfalfa in June-July. In them, on short pedicels, up to 7-40 buds are located. The length of the boat is 1-1.2 cm. After pollination, twisted sickle-shaped or lunar beans, covered with ferruginous pile, mature. Their length is only 8-12 mm.

An annual or biennial grass with a less developed stem root grows many thin, open stems 10-50 cm tall. Small petiolate leaves of a rhombic shape grow 7-15 mm in length and 3-10 mm in width. They have a wedge-shaped base and a small notch at the top. On the back there is a glandular pile. Small (up to 2 mm) yellow flowers are collected in dense ovoid heads of inflorescences. Fruits in the form of a single seed bean up to 2 mm in length resemble tiny buds. They are also covered with pile, which over time falls.

Sowing alfalfa (blue). Flexible grassy shoots branch more at the top. They grow to a height of 80 cm. The plant has a strong thickened rhizome. Oval or obovate leaves grow 1-2 cm long, 3-10 mm wide. On axillary peduncles collected capitate thick brushes 2-3 cm long. The flowers in them are painted in shades of blue or purple. Their length is 5-6 mm. Rolled like snails, beans reach a width of 6 mm.

Alfalfa is variable (hybrid). A perennial plant in the form of shrubs grows 70-120 cm in height. Strongly branched shoots are covered with small leaves on elongated petioles. They are oval or ovoid with a sparse pile on the underside. Cylindrical capitate inflorescences in the axils of the leaves are located on longer peduncles. The height of the loose brush is 3-5 cm. Petals are often variegated and painted in blue, purple or yellow. Larger beans are twisted into a spiral. They are covered with a light yellow or olive-brown skin.

Alfalfa Care

Lucerne loves open, well-lit places. In the shade, it develops more slowly and forms a lower shoot. The soil for planting is desirable fertile and well-drained, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Loams are most suitable. On saline, rocky, or clay soils with close groundwater, alfalfa grows very poorly. Such conditions are unfavorable for the development of nodule bacteria.

Although alfalfa can tolerate short-term drought, it develops better with regular irrigation of the soil. Drying of the top layer of the earth is allowed. With excessive moisture, powdery mildew quickly develops. The greatest sensitivity to watering is manifested in the first year of plant life.

Alfalfa is a thermophilic crop. It grows best at a temperature of + 22 ... + 30 ° C, but is able to easily transfer heat to + 37 ... + 42 ° C. Some varieties winter successfully in frosts down to -25 ... -30 ° C.

Young plants need protection from weeds, so they are regularly weed and spud.

Alfalfa is regularly mowed to collect feed. For the first time this is done at the budding stage, and again at flowering. She tolerates the procedure quite easily and is ready to delight again with flowers after 1-1.5 months. To prevent overgrowth and lodging, horizontal cutting of the roots is practiced using special cultivators and plane cutters.

Soil benefits

As alfalfa green manure is used in small private areas, as well as in field work in agriculture. It is considered an effective green fertilizer, because in just a year, plants give 8-10 mowing and grow a total of up to 120 t / ha of vegetation. In this case, the soil is well enriched with nitrogen compounds. At high humidity, biomass decomposes quickly, improving not only the composition, but also the structure of the soil. This reduces the acidity.

Feed plant

Alfalfa contains a lot of protein, as well as amino acids, phosphorus and potassium. This makes it a valuable feed crop for livestock (pigs, rabbits, poultry). Moreover, one should distinguish between the concept of nutritional value and the content of nutrients. If the greatest nutritional value is achieved at the budding stage, then the maximum amount of nutrients is contained in flowering alfalfa.

Mow vegetation to a height of 8-10 cm. Then restoration of the green cover will be faster. Usually up to three mowings are done per year. The resulting raw materials are used fresh as a green top dressing, and also dried on hay, fodder briquettes, granules or grass (hay) flour are prepared.

Healing properties

Alfalfa has many beneficial properties. It is especially widely used in Chinese medicine. The composition of the plant includes many minerals and vitamins, as well as proteins, amino acids, isoflavonoids and phytohormones. For medicinal purposes, the ground part of the plant is used, which is collected during budding and flowering. The blanks are dried and stored in cloth bags. Decoctions and infusions are prepared from them. Juice from fresh alfalfa and sprouted seeds are popular as bioactive additives.

The use of these products helps to lower cholesterol, normalize the digestive tract, remove excess fluid from the body. Alfalfa is taken to fight diseases such as:

  • diabetes,
  • rheumatism,
  • gout,
  • hepatitis,
  • hemorrhoids,
  • erosion,
  • periodontal disease
  • colpitis
  • endocrine system diseases.

Many people consider Lucerne to be a true healer, capable of strengthening her health and defeating even terrible ailments. It is actively recommended for women to normalize hormonal levels, increase lactation, as well as with uterine fibroids.

However, in any treatment it is important to know the measure and be careful. Even this plant has contraindications. First of all, caution should be exercised by people prone to allergies. In no case should you use alfalfa to people suffering from lupus erythematosus and poor blood coagulation. Alfalfa is not contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, but you should consult your doctor before taking it.

Sowing alfalfa is a valuable plant with a high protein content. Its healing properties are indispensable in medicine and cosmetology. In total, more than 100 species of alfalfa are known. The culture goes to feed animals, often sown to improve soil quality. Alfalfa is planted not only in spring, but also “before winter”. The rate of seed consumption per hundred square meters depends on the method and season of planting. When the alfalfa blossoms, the field is covered with a solid honey carpet. In the photo there are plants with yellow, purple, white-pink flowers.

Time for sowing and selection of alfalfa seeds

Alfalfa can be sown in winter, and spring, and in summer. In March, after the snow melted from the fields, the earth was saturated with moisture, for alfalfa seeds these are excellent conditions. Some agronomists prefer to sow the plant as a winter crop. This has its advantages: seeds that have lain in winter undergo natural hardening and selection. Only the strongest and most healthy sprout. Alfalfa sown in summer immediately falls into favorable conditions. Long daylight hours contribute to the rapid growth of seedlings.

When purchasing seed, give preference to the 1st class. It gives higher yields of alfalfa seeds during spring coverless crops. So plants are least oppressed and shaded. Unladen alfalfa crops provide a good opportunity for active growth of the lower and upper parts. Under such conditions, flowers are well pollinated by insects.

Alfalfa seeds have a hard shell. In order to improve their germination, scarification is applied - a slight damage to the seed coat. In large-scale plantings, special machines are used for this purpose, in private households the seeds are ground with river sand. Air-heat treatment of seeds is also carried out.Seeds are dried in the fresh air under the sun. This technique removes seeds from a state of "hibernation" and increases their physiological activity.

Predecessors. Alfalfa - siderat

Alfalfa should not be planted after any legumes. Existing pests in the soil and diseases can spread to new crops. If in the past years the field was littered with wheatgrass, horsetail, sow thistle, and field artifact, the use of such areas is inappropriate. Alfalfa is sensitive to weeds of this type. They quickly drown out the landing. Spring, winter and row crops cereals are the best predecessor cultures for alfalfa.

Alfalfa is grown as a precursor for many agricultural crops. A favorable living environment for worms and microorganisms is created in the root system of alfalfa. As a result, the soil is saturated with nitrogen and oxygen. Planted as green manure, alfalfa covers fertile areas from the wind and erosion by precipitation. It is unpretentious and frost-resistant. Used as a natural fertilizer. Humus from alfalfa in efficiency is comparable only with manure. Alfalfa restores neglected areas, repels nematodes.

Sowing area preparation

Alfalfa prefers nutritious soils. The following species do not fit this culture:

  • acidic, saline, with a heavy particle size distribution,
  • heavy, clay, waterproof soils.

Important! Soil acidity for alfalfa ph - 6.0-7.0 units.

Before planting, the field is free from weeds, leveled and rolled. If the soil is acidified, then liming is carried out. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers will inhibit plant nodule bacteria; these additives should be limited. Potash and phosphorus mineral fertilizers are the main fertilizer for alfalfa. They are introduced for sowing and during the growth of the crop. As foliar top dressing, boric acid is needed.

Lucerne is an excellent siderat

Alfalfa roots go into the ground for several meters, so plowing is deep. The earth needs to be well loosened, large clods and stones removed.

Alfalfa planting methods:

  1. Under the cover. Suitable for humid, cool climates without dry periods. The essence of sowing is to get additional products from a cover crop. And also, exclude the possibility of overgrowing the field with weeds. Alfalfa seedlings are very weak and vulnerable in the first month. Alfalfa does not produce high yields per year; this is offset by a planted vetch or oat-pea mixture. They do not plant alfalfa with winter cereals, they quickly grow and “clog” alfalfa seedlings. Of the cereals, bonfire (100 g seeds per 100 m²) and timothy grass (20 g per 100 m²) are good components. Seeding rates of alfalfa with cover crops depend on the climate of the region. In arid regions, this is 80-120 g of alfalfa per hundred square meters. In places with wetter weather and for fields with artificial irrigation: 140-160 g.
  2. Without cover. Alfalfa seeds are scattered in two stages: across and along ridges. Sowing rate: 100-150 g per 100 m².

Alfalfa crops care and cleaning

A well-developed root system will prevent plants from dying in a drought. Natural precipitation will completely satisfy its needs. You can irrigate the field and artificially, in this case, productivity increases significantly.

The first watering is necessary for plants when the sprouts reach 15 cm. The second time watering is carried out at the time of bud formation (mid-June). After the September harvest, the third watering. Alfalfa does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil. The culture is more resistant to drought. In places with low groundwater passage, watering plants should only be in case of obvious need.

If alfalfa is planted in a bloodless manner, you should get rid of weeds and crust on the soil. Weed grass is mowed until alfalfa sprouts appear. To control weeds, soil herbicides can be used.

Important! It is forbidden to use the field sown with alfalfa-first-year-old for grazing animals. Alfalfa is harvested during budding and flowering. To collect seeds, choose a grass stand of the first mowing. In the hands should be at least 75% of ripened brown beans.

Alfalfa in medicine

Sowing alfalfa - a storehouse of nutrients and minerals. Among them: carbohydrates, essential oils, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, fluorine. There are vitamins: E, B12, K, C, D2, D3. Acids: pantothenic, melonic, myristic, amino acids.

Alfalfa has a general strengthening effect on the whole organism. It is indicated in postoperative recovery periods, an excellent anti-inflammatory agent. Herbal preparations with alfalfa are used in gynecology, cardiology, for problems with joints, anemia, diabetes mellitus, pancreatic and thyroid disorders. Medicines based on alfalfa increase hemoglobin, strengthen bones, normalize metabolism and strengthen the blood supply system.

Alfalfa is a medicinal plant, a bright representative of the legume family. Wild grass has a straight stem, small-sized leaves located along the entire length of the stem, as can be seen in the photo. The homeland of alfalfa is Central Asia, but it can be found in the Balkans and Central Russia.

Plant species vary in color and shape of the fruit.

Yellow alfalfa is a perennial with a powerful root system. The stems of the plant are numerous, ascending.

Hop-shaped alfalfa - An annual and biennial herbaceous plant with a stem root capable of penetrating the soil to a depth of 40 centimeters.

An adult plant, as can be seen in the photo, is a bush with many stems extending from the roots.

How to grow alfalfa?

You can grow a wild plant in the garden. Before starting sowing the grass, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work:

  1. Free the weed area.
  2. Loosen the ground.
  3. Apply fertilizer to the soil.
  4. Sow seeds in separate rows or together with legumes or cereals.

Grass is usually grown as pet food. For medicinal and gastronomic purposes, grass can be grown without soil. For this, sprouts are simply sprouted. To taste, they resemble green peas.

Germination

For seed germination requires:

  1. Soak a bag of seeds in a cup of cold water overnight.
  2. In the morning, thoroughly rinse the seeds and transfer to another container.
  3. Place containers horizontally.
  4. Rinse the seeds at least 3 times during the day.

Sprouts will appear after 7 days. Before use, it is necessary to separate the change from the sprouts. Rinse the sprouts and store in a paper towel on the top shelf of the refrigerator. The photo clearly shows how the sprouts should look.

Harvest the ground part of the plant during flowering . Leafless lower parts should not fall into the raw materials. Dry grass in a ventilated and warm room. Can be dried outdoors, but always in the shade.

The healing properties of alfalfa have been known in Chinese medicine for a very long time. The flower contains chlorophyll, which perfectly removes toxins and toxins from the human body, helping to cleanse the body.

The flower has laxative and diuretic properties. Helps with constipation and excretion of excess fluid.

It is indispensable for hormonal disorders, facilitates the plant menopause . The flower contains natural isoflavonoids with hormonal properties.

It has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system. Contains Vitamin K and Iron.

Leaf powder is used in folk medicine for healing open wounds, cuts and as a hemostatic agent.

A decoction of alfalfa grass helps with Trichomonas colpitis. Used for douching.

A plant with individual intolerance can harm the human body. It is forbidden to use alfalfa for the disease lupus erythematosus.Pregnant women and children under 10 years old should not eat oil from the seeds of this plant. Contraindication to the use of alfalfa oil is gallstone disease and pancreatitis.

The use of alfalfa in cooking

In cooking, a flower is used to decorate holiday dishes. Plant sprouts are added to salads, soups and cocktails. A plant can perfectly replace green peas. The calorie content of a plant per 100 grams is only 29 kilocalories.

Fresh from alfalfa - A delicious and healthy drink. It raises the tone, strengthens the immune system, protects against ailments:

Alfalfa is growing everywhere, but black soil is the best soil for it. The precursors of alfalfa on the site may be potatoes, corn, and melons.

A plentiful crop of a plant can be obtained only with deep plowing of the soil. Crop increases the introduction of molybdenum into the ground.

Alfalfa extract is indicated for the following diseases:

  • flu, sore throat, pharyngitis,
  • diathesis and allergies,
  • as a prophylaxis for oncological diseases,
  • with chemotherapy
  • with diseases of the supporting apparatus, open bone fractures,
  • with gum disease, stomatitis,
  • infertility, prostate adenoma,
  • with diseases in the thyroid gland.

The plant is in demand for heart treatment. Decoctions are used for problems with blood vessels. They soften dense arteries, normalize arterial hypertension.

Apply it also for the prevention of diabetes . Grass contains manganese, which lowers blood sugar levels well. The condition of patients with insulin resistance is improving.

You can protect the body with the help of this green from the development of all kinds of viruses, including and herpes.

Alfalfa in most countries is called the queen among fodder crops. This is true, because a plant with proper care and irrigation gives at least 35 tons of hay per hectare during the growing season.

Cooking Application

In cooking, alfalfa has found application as a decoration for festive dishes. In England, alfalfa flowers decorate salads and appetizers, because beautiful, bright flowers of a plant create a glow effect (hence the name).

Arabs gave alfalfa to horses as top dressing, believing that in this way the horses would become even more enduring. Arabs called alfalfa the progenitor of all food. Despite the fact that for many years the plant was considered a purely fodder crop, it began to be used for gastronomic purposes.

Alfalfa calorie content is 29 kilocalories per 100 grams. A very useful and delicious dish is a fresh salad with the addition of alfalfa sprouts. Sprouts are often put in soups, cocktails. Alfalfa can be used in the same dishes where green peas are traditionally used.

Alfalfa Herb Benefits and Treatment

The use of alfalfa grass is truly enormous. The famous biologist Frank Bauwer in his writings calls alfalfa "the great healer." In the course of research, the biologist discovered 8 amino acids in alfalfa. The plant contains protein, vitamins, minerals, and other biologically active substances. Juice from fresh alfalfa is considered a good prevention of heart disease, tones the body, stimulates the immune system.

In Ayurveda, grass is widely used with ulcers . After many studies, official medicine also began to use grass for these diseases. Anti-ulcer vitamin U was found in the plant, which helps to regenerate the gastric mucosa. Foods rich in this vitamin, such as spinach, beets, and a lot of vitamin U in sour cabbage juice, are also used to treat these diseases.

Alfalfa well neutralizes stomach acid, thanks to the effects of alkaloids. Alfalfa as an additive to the main diet will be useful for older people, as it contains many vitamins, increases a surge of strength. Alfalfa juice mixed with carrot juice prevents well-being of the cardiovascular system.

On the basis of alfalfa prepare an infusion that is used for the treatment of pancreatic dysfunctions and diabetes . For this infusion, it is necessary to grind a little grass, pour boiling water over it and let the broth infuse. Apply infusion several times a day before meals. The infusion is not stored for a long time, it must be prepared every day. To increase the shelf life, alfalfa can be used as an alcohol tincture. Every day, 10 drops of tincture should be taken with the above diseases. Alfalfa juice is also consumed, having previously diluted it with water.

Alfalfa herb harm and contraindications

Alfalfa grass can cause harm to the body with individual intolerance. It is contraindicated to use alfalfa with lupus erythematosus. Alfalfa seed oil is not recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers, children under 12 years old. Pancreatitis and cholelithiasis are also a contraindication to taking oil.

In the hot summer months in all corners of Russia you can see the yellow and blue-violet fields of the modest fodder grass of alfalfa. “What a beauty!” - exclaim urban wildlife connoisseurs. “That's the food for our burenka sings ...” - the farmers will be pleased. “This grass is not ordinary, but a symbol of wealth and prosperity,” the naive ancient Celts would say. And the healers of Ancient China would go without words to pluck alfalfa for their medicinal gatherings ... What kind of plant is this unique and how useful is alfalfa for people and animals?

Traditional medicine recipes

In the dishes, it is worth using young shoots, mature ones are too hard to eat without additional processing. Typically, alfalfa is scalded with boiling water before cooking to soften plant fibers.

It is worth treating and adding dishes and alfalfa products to the diet only after you read the contraindications. In some cases, admission is possible only after consulting a doctor.

If you suffer from nasal and vaginal bleeding, drink 25 g of leaf juice twice a day.

A decoction will help reduce appetite. Pour 200 g of young shoots with boiling water (2 cups), wait until it cools, and then take a glass a quarter of an hour before the next meal.

To get rid of redness of the skin and swelling, and at the same time to improve complexion, you can make a 15-minute mask from a decoction with honey.

It is not difficult to protect yourself from colds and scurvy - just add fresh alfalfa leaves or its juice to your diet. Such plant materials contain a large amount of vitamin C.

You can get rid of hemorrhoids with the help of sedentary baths. In a glass of boiling water, stir 1 tsp. dried tops, leave for 20 minutes to infuse and pour into the bath.

Contraindications

Do not use in any form with systemic lupus erythematosus.

If you are taking anti-clotting drugs, check with your doctor first if you can add this herb to your diet. Vitamin K contained in alfalfa may interfere with treatment.

In case of autoimmune disorders, exacerbation of gastric diseases and allergies to legumes, you should ask your doctor for permission, otherwise it can cause significant harm to your health.

These are all the main contraindications regarding the use of alfalfa for medicinal purposes. Only individual intolerance remains, which, however, is extremely rare.

Before use, it is advisable to drink a course of drugs with lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. With their help, the stomach is easier to perceive a large amount of fiber contained in alfalfa, and there will be no unpleasant gastrointestinal reactions such as flatulence, diarrhea or constipation.

In general, alfalfa will be useful to almost everyone who has no contraindications. After all, it not only heals, but also helps to improve well-being and protect against diseases before they occur. Add alfalfa to the salad more often, and you will feel much better.

Those who have vision problems and often suffer from colds will be able to evaluate the healing potential of alfalfa. What is this amazing plant, what properties it is endowed with and how can it be applied - we’ll talk about this.

Alfalfa is known on almost all continents. The ancient Chinese made medicinal drugs from it to get rid of cough. Indian healers have offered recipes based on alfalfa for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The Slavs made alfalfa from alfalfa, which today would be called immunomodulating. Although most often the grass was used to feed livestock. It was believed that alfalfa gives animals energy, improves their performance, and sets them up for heavy loads. In Argentina and America alfalfa fed horses, and in Europe the plant was used to prepare cosmetic formulations.

To understand what alfalfa looks like, just look at the photos below. But about its main useful qualities and possible contraindications should be told in detail. Alfalfa is found in the wild, but sowing forms can also be found. Elongated leaves of small size abundantly cover the grassy stem. Blue-violet inflorescences resemble small boats. After flowering, fruits are formed - beans, twisted into a spiral.

Useful qualities

After examining the photographs of alfalfa, you can understand that the plant looks quite ordinary, although its healing properties and modest restrictions in use suggest the use of alfalfa in folk medicine. What did alfalfa like for healers so much? This gift of nature is useful to those who have an increased acidity of the stomach. Alfalfa neutralizes the acid and normalizes the acid-base balance.

Grass has a pronounced antitumor effect. Today, the pharmaceutical market offers a variety of alfalfa-based formulations for the prevention of cancer. It is known that the product cleanses the blood, prevents the development of atherosclerosis, increases visual acuity. Alfalfa-based phyto compositions are indicated for anemia and reduced hemoglobin.

Healing grass has an antipyretic effect. Tea based on it will be useful for colds, fever, flu. Alfalfa has an anti-inflammatory effect, enhances immunity, and removes dangerous compounds from the body. Fresh grass juice will improve heart function, increase efficiency, relieve insomnia and nervous strain. The product relieves edema, relieves headaches, eliminates bad breath. Rinsing with a decoction of alfalfa can be recommended for dental diseases and sore throats.

Alfalfa effectively fights with genitourinary infections, exhaustion, migraines. In cosmetology, alfalfa is used to give shine to hair, improve skin condition, and get rid of dark circles under the eyes.

Composition and contraindications

The raw materials are rich in calcium, therefore, alfalfa-based phytostructures are recommended during pregnancy and for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Among other components of miracle grass:

  • B vitamins - alfalfa is especially rich in choline,
  • potassium - has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system,
  • Vitamin E - prevents premature aging, stimulates cell regeneration, improves skin condition,
  • chlorophyll - increases the body's resistance to infectious diseases,
  • flavonoids - participate in many biological processes, prevent aging,
  • saponins - normalize cholesterol.

Alfalfa has found application not only in cosmetology and traditional medicine, but also in traditional cooking. It is known that from milled alfalfa seeds, delicious bread is obtained. Fresh leaves will decorate the first dish or side dish.

The list of contraindications is negligible.The plant is banned for lupus erythematosus and certain autoimmune diseases. With caution, phyto-compounds should be taken during pregnancy and in case of blood coagulation.

Today, alfalfa is offered in various combinations with other healing components. Alfalfa herbal remedies can have a wider range of contraindications, which depends on the composition of the herbal remedy.

A universal recipe for cooking can be called an infusion based on alfalfa. For it, take 0.5 l of boiling water and 100 g of chopped herbs. Withstand at least 3 hours and take a third of a glass at a time. The duration of treatment and daily dosage depend on the specifics of the disease.

The richness of the plant world of our country does not cease to amaze everyone who is interested in it. A plant such as yellow alfalfa is a unique set of properties widely used in agronomy; it will become useful in any household. What you need to know about alfalfa? About this - in the material below.

Alfalfa Characteristic

Alfalfa refers to perennials. There are several types of this plant, the most popular of which are sowing blue alfalfa and yellow sickle alfalfa.

The root system of this plant is a distinctive feature of alfalfa. It is quite powerful and has the appearance of a rod that goes into the soil by 2-3 meters. The leaves consist of three parts, and alfalfa blossoms with inflorescences in the form of an oval with a blue or yellow corolla.

Yellow alfalfa (see photo in the article) blooms from mid-June to the end of August in almost any meadow area. An exception is the area with groundwater - it does not withstand their proximity.

It is easiest to find alfalfa in meadows, in the steppe, near roads and on the edges of forests. It does not grow near swamps and wetlands.

Alfalfa propagated by seeds. They can be bought ready for sowing, or can be obtained from young plants.

Special properties

What makes yellow alfalfa unique and why is it valuable for households? It's all about a number of qualities, because of which growing it is so popular:

  • Nutritional value. Yellow alfalfa is very rich in proteins, as well as vitamins E, PP, C. Thanks to this, it is one of the best
  • Honey bearing. Alfalfa is successfully used by beekeepers for honey production.
  • Sidereal properties. Due to the structure of the root system, alfalfa is used to improve soil structure and inhibit the growth of weeds.
  • Multifunctionality. The feed value of alfalfa also lies in the fact that each element of the plant is suitable for use in food and long-term storage. Hay is made from it, briquettes and animal feed are made.
  • Resistance to temperature changes. Yellow alfalfa is a culture that can withstand high temperatures with sufficient watering, and is also resistant to cold. Therefore, its cultivation gives good yields.

That is why a plant such as alfalfa is popular and respected by farmers and households.

Meet Alfalfa

Gourdon, lechuha and medunka - all this is alfalfa, a plant that conquered humanity with its healing and nutritional properties 6-7 thousand years ago. The name "alfalfa" is heard by almost every resident of our country, but not everyone can answer the question without clues: what does alfalfa look like? The photos show the usual field grass with triple leaflets-hearts and tender inflorescences-boats of yellow or blue color.

Animals were the first to appreciate such beauty - in ancient China they fed livestock with a medunka, Arabs gave alfalfa to their horses, so that they were healthy and fast. Soon, Chinese healers began to use it to treat inflammation of the lungs and stomach problems, Indians - for peptic ulcer disease, and later alfalfa became a cure for a variety of ailments.

Today, for harvesting hay, medical fees and even pharmaceutical preparations, for the most part 2 types of alfalfa are used: sickle and sowing.

What does sickle alfalfa look like? These are low (20-100 cm) flowers of a pleasant yellow color with large roots and an amazing smell of fresh hay, which occurs when a grass is harvested for the winter. A sowing alfalfa makes another impression - the photos show thick and tall, up to one and a half meters thickets of grass with beautiful blue flowers, an excellent honey plant and a doctor.

Treasure chest of vitamins for your health

An inconspicuous feed grass trap is fraught with many surprises, and the main one is its unique chemical composition.

  • B vitamins (especially choline) heal the nervous system, calm, tidy up all metabolic processes in the body, and are responsible for the full functioning of the brain.
  • Potassium and calcium protect our heart and strengthen bones, prevent the development of arthritis and gout.
  • Chlorophyll perfectly cleanses blood and blood vessels, heals wounds and reduces the risk of bacterial infections.
  • Vitamin E provides us with elastic and fresh skin, strengthens hair, prolongs our youth and beauty.
  • Saponins protect us from such a delicate problem as dysbiosis, and most importantly - bind and remove it from the body along with other dirty tricks.
  • act comprehensively: relieve inflammation, remove pain, have an antibacterial effect and are powerful.

And alone, alfalfa grass is extremely useful - its medicinal properties are especially actively used in the treatment of peptic ulcers, indigestion, and restoration of appetite after long illnesses. Medunka helps with, improves blood composition, fights against atherosclerosis and heart ailments.

Alfalfa is also an excellent natural antipyretic and diuretic. Decoctions and infusions are used in the treatment of colds, prevention and therapy of diseases of the joints and genitourinary organs (cystitis and prostatitis).

Lechuha preparations, home infusions and decoctions are an effective tool to support the immune system. Alfalfa stimulates, removes various harmful compounds from the body, heals and supports moral and physical strength at any age.

For all its incredible usefulness, alfalfa grass is also extremely safe - its beneficial properties and contraindications are simply incomparable. Alfalfa medicines are forbidden only for lupus, other serious autoimmune diseases, as well as during the period of gestation.

Alfalfa juice - for vigor and beauty

Not only in the form of decoctions and infusions of grass, a yellow-blue medunka is used - alfalfa juice is famous for its useful properties.

Preparing this product is as easy as shelling pear: young alfalfa leaves during flowering need to be ground in a meat grinder, squeeze green juice and strain. Such alfalfa fresh - the product is very concentrated, so phytotherapists advise mixing it with juice - in a ratio of 1: 3. You can also add one part of salad juice - you get a unique summer vitamin cocktail.

Fresh from alfalfa is not just a healthy and tasty drink. It helps to strengthen the immune system, raises the tone and saves from a variety of ailments:

  • reduces the risk of heart attacks,
  • cleanses the liver and intestines,
  • fighting genitourinary infections
  • eliminates cardiac and renal edema,
  • heals weak gums and removes bad breath
  • reduces migraine pain
  • relieves exacerbations with gastritis and colitis.

Alfalfa juice has long been recognized as a powerful cosmetic product. If you drink such a fresh juice at least 2-3 times a week, your hair will certainly improve its condition: it will fall out less, grow more actively, and a natural shine will appear.

And for a beautiful young skin there is such a mask: mix a teaspoon of alfalfa juice with a spoon of liquid honey, evenly spread on face and neck and rinse off after 20 minutes.A course of 10 alfalfa masks (every other day) will give an amazing effect: the skin will noticeably freshen, tighten, small wrinkles will be smoothed out.

Alfalfa in cooking

Young garden alfalfa is not only a medicine and the basis for a delicious drink, but also a universal culinary product. Alfalfa sprouts and leaves are put in salads and soups, and the seeds are even ground into flour and baked amazing healthy bread. What can I say - among the recipes with this plant there is also such an exotic thing as alfalfa inflorescences in the dough!

Crescent-shaped alfalfa is best for summer green soups: if you add it to the dish at the very end, the taste will be almost the same as that of fresh chicken broth.

And for lovers of dietary salads, you can offer a recipe for cucumber salad with alfalfa: you will need 2 cucumbers, a glass of alfalfa grass and lemon juice and salt for dressing. Finely chop the greens and vegetables, season with lemon - and the vitamin snack is ready!

To maximize the beneficial properties of alfalfa, it is necessary to properly grow it. An ordinary fodder grass from split fields is not suitable for a dining table - it is better to grow a small batch of lechuhi in a greenhouse, along with salads and herbs. And before cooking, soak it in a liter of boiled water with a spoon for 15-20 minutes - this will kill all random microbes and remove the characteristic alfalfa bitterness.

How to use alfalfa?

For the prevention of diseases and raising the general tone of the body, the ideal option is salads with young shoots of medunka and fresh green-orange juice. If you include dishes with alfalfa sprouts in the menu, this will help to forget about heartburn, flatulence, establish digestion and reduce the risk of exacerbation of gastrointestinal ailments.

Fresh from alfalfa is an excellent remedy for chronic fatigue, with overwork and nervousness, especially in children. With frequent nosebleeds and severe stages of hemorrhoids, you can take pure juice - 25 grams per day. Single nosebleeds can be stopped with a cotton swab dipped in alfalfa broth (a teaspoon in a glass of boiling water).

For growth and strengthening of hair it is not necessary to use the lechuha inside - you can rinse the curls with infusion and rub it a little into the scalp.

In China, they always said: "That which is beneficial to animals is also beneficial to you." But in the case of alfalfa, one can even argue - it is not known who was more fortunate with this wonderful herb - people or animals. It is no coincidence that today the most famous manufacturers of herbal remedies offer various products based on it - tablets, powders and extracts. Do not be afraid to save money, grow alfalfa in the country and in the village - and you will get a unique home doctor and delicious greens for your table!

Alfalfa is a grassy plant with openwork growth. It belongs to the legume family. Many species are found around the globe, but the main centers are Central Asia, the Mediterranean and North America. The plant is very popular in agriculture, as it is an excellent green manure, honey plant, medicine and forage crop. Such wonderful qualities of alfalfa were known even 6-7 millennia ago. In addition to useful characteristics, alfalfa has decorative properties and can be used to decorate the garden in a natural style.

Types and varieties of alfalfa

Alfalfa, both in a cultural form and in a wild species, has about a hundred varieties. In the wild, the plant is found even by bushes about a meter in height. In agriculture, alfalfa is actively used as feed for poultry and livestock, but it is also useful for humans. The plant is part of herbal supplements, medicinal homeopathic preparations and cosmetology products. The common types of sowing alfalfa include the following:

Crescent or yellow alfalfa

A tall upright plant, the species acquired its name due to the color of inflorescences. Culture blooms in yellow, small flowers, collected in a brush, forming a sickle shape. Fodder productivity is average, cuttings do not affect high yields.

Alfalfa hops

A medium-sized plant, an upright stalk finishes flowering with black pods, with a seed inside. It is used to diversify the food supply of farm animals.

Alfalfa blue

Alfalfa blue includes subspecies: Caucasian, Central Asian and Indian, European and Mediterranean. The species is frost-resistant, fast-growing, multi-crop.

Changeable alfalfa view

A stable plant, capable of giving three cuts per vegetation period. Of all species, it is considered the most productive. Steadily tolerates short-term drought and lower temperatures.

Northern view of alfalfa

Resistance to frost and waterlogging of soils. It grows in the northern latitudes of the country, settles on the floodplains of rivers and the banks of water bodies. It has root subspecies.

Sowing alfalfa has a diverse number of varieties that meet one or another agricultural need.

The most common and resistant varieties include:

Alfalfa variety Sparta

This is a hybrid variety, bred by a long selection of combinations of crosses between the Slavic variety and the alfalfa Langensteiner. The variety originates from the blue species of alfalfa, and has been planted since the 80s.

Sparta is an upright plant, prone to lodging, due to the sparseness and severity of the bush. It reaches a height of 95 cm in height.

Inflorescences are cylindrical in shape, represented by brushes up to a centimeter in size. Coloring of flowers from blue to dark lilac and purple.

Beans are medium in size, hidden in a loose spiral shell.

The seeds of the plant are kidney-shaped and have a dirty green color.

The root of blue alfalfa is developed enough to give at least 4 mowing.

The growth of green mass occurs rapidly. The first cuts are carried out on 75-90 days after sowing. This variety contains about 22% vegetable protein. The drought-resistant variety of Sparta is not affected by brown spotting.

Hybrid variety Bagheera

The variety bred in the 80s, appeared as a result of crossing hybrids of blue and variable alfalfa. Reaches a height of about a meter, a bushy plant with an erect shape, develops up to 40 stems, thick, with a meager fringe. Rounded leaves, stipules of a light green color of a pointed form.

Inflorescences are printed and dense, of a blue hue, with a violet nimbus, the size of one brush is about 5.5 cm. The beans are spiral-shaped, ripe brown. Seeds are green and yellow. Regrowth after mowing is fast, yield is about 4-5 slices per season. Bagira, a grade resistant to lodging, which makes it possible to harvest high-quality hay.

Alfalfa Variety Fairy

Alfalfa of domestic selection, was obtained as a result of crossing clones of varieties Krasnodar early, Ladak and Glacier. The resulting variety was assigned to the synehybrid variable alfalfa.

Variety Fairy inherited from blue and variable alfalfa high resistance to temperature extremes, drought and gained a high combining ability. It has been grown not so long ago, since 2011, but due to extensive tillering, a direct stem and resistance to lodging, it has become widespread in southern Russia.

The stems are strong and coarse, covered with small leaves of the shape of an ellipse. Plant height reaches one and a half meters in height. Fairy blooms with purple inflorescences, cylindrical in shape, with dark corollas. Fruits of a spiral shape. Throws yellow seeds weighing about 4.5 grams per 2000 seeds.

Alfalfa cultivation

Alfalfa sowing begins in the spring, when the soil is sufficiently warmed up and saturated with moisture. Much depends directly on the climatic latitude and the region, in most sowing alfalfa begin in April.

In order to get a decent crop, it is necessary to carefully prepare alfalfa seeds for sowing. Since the seeds have a hard shell, they are subjected to mechanical treatment before sowing, eliminating the upper layer, or rubbed with river sand.

When sowing occurs in small areas, the seeds are pre-soaked in water, then dried and pickled. Pickling is carried out with pesticides per 3.5 kg. per ton of seeds. For better germination, the seeds are treated with sodium molybdenum acid.

Alfalfa reacts rather capriciously to its predecessors.

The best precursor crops before sowing are row crops and legumes. Alfalfa, in turn, is an ideal precursor for most plants in agriculture.

The key to success of the crop is the correct processing of arable land before sowing. Preparation begins in advance, with deep plowing, ridding the soil of weeds and harrowing. Plowing breaks up large clods, establishes air exchange in the soil, and harrowing levels and fluffs the surface.

Alfalfa loves enriched soils, it will give up to 4 cuttings on such plants, therefore, before sowing, organic matter (8 kg. Per square meter) and mineral fertilizers (55-65 gr. Per square arable land) are introduced.

Sowing begins at the beginning of spring. Alfalfa seeds are sown with a grain-seeder, reducing losses of the main and auxiliary agricultural crops. Alfalfa is often sown with auxiliary plants: rye or oats.

Assorted mixtures of three types of crops were widely used, such as: red clover, timothy, pinworm, fescue.

Alfalfa sowing rates in herbal mixtures per 1 hectare are about 5 million suitable seeds.

Norms and terms of sowing alfalfa

Alfalfa, which can be safely attributed to fodder herbs, is actively used as feed on rural farmsteads, due to its satiety, unpretentiousness and productivity. In order to achieve maximum yield of alfalfa seeds, it is necessary to first calculate the norms of consumption of seed material per hectare of arable land.

For this, the formula is used:

HBV = M1000 x K (the mass of 1000 seeds is multiplied by the number of germination of seeds sown in the area per 1 ha.)

Another formula that makes adjustments to the calculation of sowing rates by the actual sowing suitability of seeds (GH).

HB = HBV x 100 / PG

The approximate norms of sowing alfalfa for fodder needs are: 11 kg. on 1 ha. (plain) and 15 kg. on 1 ha. (slope).

Simultaneous sowing of alfalfa with cereals can be: boneless pinworm about 11 kg. on 1 ha. and meadow timothy grass 3.5 kg. on 1 ha. Sowing alfalfa under cover with 9.2 million suitable seeds per hectare of arable land gives good friendliness and germination of crops.

When sowing alfalfa is carried out under spring crops or annual grasses, pre-sowing soil rental with ring rollers is required.

Sowing is carried out with seeders with disc coulters, with the mandatory use of depth limiters.

When sowing alfalfa, an ordinary sowing method is used with a row spacing of 11 - 14 cm and a seeding depth of 1.5 cm (loam), 2 cm (sandy loam).

Bloodless sowing is possible only in those areas of arable land where all measures have been taken to prevent the occurrence of weed.

It should be noted that the wide “step” of row-spacing and thickening of crops can adversely affect the yield of alfalfa as a whole.

When the culture is grown for livestock feed, the row-spacing is reduced to 11 cm. If alfalfa is grown for seeds, the row-spacing should be increased to half a meter to allow the stem to grow and to prevent lodging of crops until the seeds mature.

The mass of alfalfa greenery at the output depends on its competition with cover crops, sometimes the growth of the surface part of the grass decreases, and then it is customary to bring the alfalfa sowing rate to 25% and reduce the concomitant by 45%.

Useful properties of alfalfa

About the benefits of alfalfa for agriculture as feed mixtures and hay, much has been said. However, alfalfa is used not only to meet agricultural needs, but in pharmacology.

Grass is used to make preparations of Alfalfin, Anticholesterol, Meisha, Alfagin and others. These drugs reduce cholesterol, normalize digestion, help with intestinal disorders, in particular, relieve constipation, have the property of lowering blood sugar and are indicated for use by diabetics.

Alfalfa preparations are indicated for people suffering from diseases of the circulatory system, anemia, with any violations of the body's immune response, with exhaustion and physical weakness, they are used to normalize the lactation of nursing mothers.

Powders from ground alfalfa leaves have a wound healing and hemostatic effect. Alfalfa is widely used in folk medicine in the form of decoctions and teas, in dried and fresh form. Having an alkaloid effect, it helps to neutralize stomach acid and helps to cope with uncomplicated gastritis.

An unpretentious plant in the composition of herbal preparations increases immunity, helps fight insomnia. Homeopathic doctors widely use alfalfa as a healing agent for ulcerative colitis, decreased appetite and anemia.

In addition to the above beneficial properties, alfalfa contains vitamins of the “B” group, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin “D”, “A” and “E”, and the biological scientist Bauwer designated alfalfa in his research as “miraculous plant” or “great healer” , after he discovered in its composition the focus of eight amino acids.

Alfalfa is a universal herb with delicate flowers. The harm and benefits of alfalfa for human health

Alfalfa is a grassy plant with openwork growth. It belongs to the legume family. Many species are found around the globe, but the main centers are Central Asia, the Mediterranean and North America. The plant is very popular in agriculture, as it is an excellent green manure, honey plant, medicine and forage crop. Such wonderful qualities of alfalfa were known even 6-7 millennia ago. In addition to useful characteristics, alfalfa has decorative properties and can be used to decorate the garden in a natural style.

Title

Alfalfa (Medicago) - An herbaceous plant in the legume family. The genus of alfalfa is represented by annuals and perennials, as well as shrubs.

Other names for alfalfa are also known - the hornet, medunka, and knitting.

Flowers and fruits

The flowering phase occurs after 1.5-2 months from the time of sowing and lasts 3-4 weeks. The flowering time of the inflorescence is about 10 days. Every day, 3-5 fresh buds are formed. The color palette is more often in blue, yellow, purple tones. There are varieties of variegated colors.

Capitate or racemose heads appear from the leaf sinuses or on the tops of young shoots. Inflorescences contain 10-25 buds and grow up to 8 cm. The corolla is formed by 5 petals and resembles a moth or a sailboat. Bottom 2 of them connect and form a bed for the stamens and pestle. Flowers planted on shortened pedicels. The lower buds are the first to open.

Pollination of flowers is promoted by insects. After that, an ovary appears and fruits similar to beans are formed, covered with a brown film. The shape of the beans is spiral or sickle-shaped. They store small yellow or brown bean seeds.

Chemical composition and nutritional value

Alfalfa has a number of beneficial substances. The plant is replete with vitamins and various components that favorably affect the work of the whole organism.

The composition of the medicinal herb includes such beneficial elements as polysaturated omega 3 and 6 acids (or vitamin F) . They strengthen nails, hair, blood vessels, prevents the development of inflammatory processes in the ligaments, helps to restore vision, normalizes the level of estrogen in the blood. In addition, the vitamin is involved in the synthesis of calcium and other important trace elements. There are a lot of omega 3 and 6 acids in the medunka, so its benefits are invaluable to health.

In her a lot of carbohydrates - The most important elements involved in the energy metabolism of the body. Alfalfa contains “beneficial carbohydrates, which do not lead to excess weight, but saturate the body with energy and activate brain activity.

Also included in the composition steroid substances - phytosteroids not as harmful as synthetic counterparts. But they saturate the body with strength, give vitality, relieve physical stress. They explain the tonic property of alfalfa.

Alfalfa contains many essential oils that rejuvenate the body and stimulate tissue regeneration.

Ketone substances and saponins strong natural antioxidants in the plant, lower cholesterol and strengthen immunity. Contribute to a decrease in blood sugar

Vitamins and minerals in the composition they stimulate the work of the nervous system, normalize all metabolic processes. Alfalfa is especially rich in calcium and magnesium. This helps to eliminate uric acid from the body. Its excess leads to joint diseases.

Alfalfa is present pantothen , which prevents the development of skin diseases, normalizes blood circulation, eliminates allergies, stimulates the intestines. Carotenoids I restore vision, pyridoxine relieves nervous tension. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system.

Alfalfa is rich and tocopherol , which promotes the regeneration of the skin. Filoquinone renews blood and protects the liver from overload. Nicotinic acids useful for the walls of the stomach, intestines and ulcers.

Growing conditions

The alfalfa landing area should be open and sufficiently lit. The shadow slows the development of the plant and shrubs will be low.

The soil rich in nutrients should be neutral or slightly alkaline. Ideal for growing loam. In heavy, stony, saline soils, alfalfa grows poorly due to the weak nodule bacterial flora.

It is favorable for development to maintain the soil moist without excess moisture, from which powdery mildew develops. Short-term drying of the surface layer of the earth is allowed. Regular watering is especially important for plants of the first year.

The heat-loving culture feels good at t = + 22-30 ° C and normally responds to an increase to t = + 37-40 ° C. Plant care consists of weeding and hilling. Hilling helps to prevent lodging of stems.

Alfalfa sowing

Lucerne is bred by sowing seeds in open ground. Sowing work is carried out in the first month of spring.

Site preparation includes weed removal, lime application and digging. The application of mineral fertilizers contributes to the growth of bushes and bright flowering. The earth is moistened if necessary. Seeds are treated with biological products to protect against various infections. Rows with a depth of 5-12 cm are arranged with a large interval of up to 45 cm. Sparse crops give maximum growth and pollination. Seeds for uniform distribution are mixed with sand or fine sawdust.

Sometimes mixed crops of alfalfa with cereals are used. However, if the alfalfa thickens, it will receive little light, then its growth and seed ripening will be reduced.

In the summer cottage, the seeds can simply be scattered on the loose earth and compact the surface with a sheet of plywood.

Resistance to adverse conditions

With good moisture, alfalfa is able to withstand fairly high temperatures. It is also drought resistant due to its deep root system.

This plant tolerates cold well. Seeds can germinate at a temperature of 1-2 degrees, and the germinated shoots can withstand sudden frosts up to 5 degrees below zero.

But if alfalfa is too often mowed up or too late to do it, and also if the crops of this plant are subjected to excessive grazing, then the resistance of alfalfa to cold is significantly reduced.

Crops can suffer small floods, but groundwater flooding is detrimental to them. Therefore, before sowing yellow alfalfa, you need to make sure that there are no groundwater or groundwater nearby.

What is it used for?

First of all, the value of alfalfa is for livestock farms. According to its nutritional value, the presence of trace elements and vitamins, alfalfa is a leader among forage crops. It is most often used as feed for cattle. Yellow alfalfa is also very suitable for rabbits.

Beekeepers note the high melliferousness of this plant. Moreover, to collect pollen and nectar, alfalfa is chosen not only by bees, but also bumblebees.

In agronomy, alfalfa is also widely used. And not only as a highly nutritious animal feed, but also for soil preparation.

Thanks to alfalfa crops with its special root system, the soil becomes more uniform, saturated with minerals, and weeds and their seeds die or grow in much smaller quantities.

The combination of unique properties and undemanding cultivation makes alfalfa an extremely valuable crop for farmers and households, and the high nutritional value and protein, amino acid and vitamin content are the most popular animal feed.

Alfalfa Composition

The composition of the plant includes isoflavones and flavones, substances that regulate hormonal activity in women during and after menopause.

Alfalfa contains saponins, which block the absorption of cholesterol and prevent the formation of atherosclerotic plaques (blockage of arteries).

Due to the high content of calcium and potassium, the plant helps the body fight the excess uric acid. When uric acid is in excess, it is deposited in the joints, and this is in the future arthritis or gout.

Alfalfa in large quantities contains chlorophyll, which helps to cleanse (detoxify) the entire body.

Also, this plant contains many vitamins, minerals - iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, acids - citric, malic, ascorbic, fumaric, and oxalic.

Alfalfa Properties

Alfalfa is a natural diuretic and laxative. It helps to remove excess fluid from the body and improves digestion. It is fluid retention in the body that plays a key role in the development of diseases such as rheumatism, gout, arthrosis, diabetes mellitus, cellulite and edema.

The presence in the alfalfa of isoflavones, components with hormonal properties, makes it useful for the treatment of certain disorders associated with hormonal problems, such as endometriosis . Currently, it is the isoflavones that are part of the main composition of drugs for the treatment of inflammation caused by endometriosis.

Helps the digestion process and improves digestion. Fats are absorbed and broken down much faster. Regular consumption of young shoots of alfalfa (as additional components in salads) improves the elasticity of the walls of the stomach and is useful with a stomach ulcer, heartburn, flatulence .

The presence of a large number of minerals, proteins and vitamins, allows the use of alfalfa as a restorative tonic. Her use in case of general weakness , fatigue during recovery, nervousness and thinness, especially among children, lack of energy, intellectual fatigue.

Alfalfa contains a lot of potassium and vitamin D, which makes it useful for the prevention and treatment of bone abnormalities in case of osteoporosis, fractures.

Grass reduces the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine due to the presence of saponins in its composition. And coumarin helps prevent the formation of blood clots in the arteries and, therefore, serves as a preventive and therapeutic agent for atherosclerosis .

Alfalfa contains a large amount of vitamin C. Using fresh juice or fresh leaves (in a salad) serves as an effective weapon to prevent scurvy . The same property of the plant is used as a prophylactic. with colds .

Alfalfa tops are rich in vitamin K. This vitamin is essential for the liver for the production of hormones involved in the process of blood coagulation. A lack of this vitamin leads to bleeding and bruising.

With frequent nosebleeds, vaginal bleeding, hemorrhoidal bleeding with hemorrhoids take 25 grams of fresh juice from alfalfa leaves twice a day.

The anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties of this plant are used to treat diseases such as cystitis , pyelonephritis , kidney stones, prostatitis .

To reduce swelling and alfalfa hematoma pains are applied externally. Mix a small amount of seeds with water until a paste is obtained and apply to a bruise or insect bite.

You can also stop with lotions nosebleeds . Moisten a cotton swab with alfalfa infusion and apply to the nose until the bleeding stops completely.

For the treatment of hemorrhoids nice sitz baths. It is not difficult to prepare the infusion: one teaspoon of dry tops per glass of boiling water.

Beauticians also appreciated alfalfa and its beneficial properties. Advise to relieve redness and swelling , as well as to improve complexion, apply nourishing masks based on this plant. Mix the broth with honey, apply on the face and after 15-20 minutes rinse with warm water.

Alfalfa is used to speed up hair growth . Rinse the hair after washing the hair. For the treatment of hair loss: strained broth is rubbed into the scalp.

Alfalfa consumption can be effective in controlling halitosis . The plant contains a significant concentration of chlorophyll; it is an active ingredient in many commercially available breath fresheners. Due to its chlorophyll content, alfalfa extract is a natural remedy for eliminating bad breath.

Tasty and without calories. All about meat and vegetable broths for those who do not want to gain weight from the first dishes.

Use in the agricultural sector

In household plots and fields, alfalfa is used as siderate. Green fertilizer contributes to the enrichment of the soil with nitrogen. The plant is actively increasing its green mass and 8 cuts can be made per season. The decomposition of biomass in wet soil enriches the composition, promotes loosening, lowers acidity. Lucerne copes with the restoration of neglected sites.

Alfalfa has a rich composition of amino acids, phosphorus, potassium and protein, therefore it is considered a valuable feed for cattle. The peak nutritional value of alfalfa occurs during the budding period, and the most beneficial substances in flowering alfalfa.

Siderat - green fertilizer

Harvesting feed is carried out 3 times per season. The first time the grass is mowed during the budding period, and then during flowering. After the procedure, alfalfa will delight with new flowers in 1-1.5 months. After mowing, a stalk about 10 cm high should remain above the ground. This length is enough for quick recovery.

Green raw materials are used as top dressing or dried on hay, and then briquetted.

Botanical Description

Alfalfa (marmot, medunka, knitting ) - the collective name for annual or perennial grasses and shrubs from the legume family, belonging to polycarpic plants . This means that after the fruit ripens, some of the shoots die off, and the kidneys serve as a renewal organ.

In the spring, they take accumulated substances and new branches form in their sinuses, thus, without interrupting the life cycle.

In nature, there are more than 100 species, the main biological characteristics include:

  • A powerful root system sinking deep into the soil
  • A branchy stem forming a bush up to 150 cm tall,
  • Ternary leaves, with an elongated elliptical middle leaf protruding upward, with notches at the end,
  • A cystic inflorescence with flowers in the form of a moth of different shades: blue, yellow, white and others,
  • The fruit is in the form of a multi-seeded bean of brown color.

Representatives of the genus are found in Central and Central Asia, Europe, Siberia, Transcaucasia, North America and Australia.

In Russia, alfalfa is planted 4 million hectares of land, the main part in the non-chernozem zone.

In this video, biologist Oleg Moshkin will show how and why sow alfalfa:

The benefits and harms of alfalfa for health

Stems, leaves and root contain a large number of amino acids, vitamins and minerals.

Plant refers to medicinal and recommended for:

  1. Normalization of digestion. Helps fight ulcers, heartburn and flatulence,
  2. Endometriosis treatment
  3. Hair condition improvements,
  4. Treatment of colds
  5. Restoration of liver cells,
  6. Elimination of inflammatory processes in cystitis and kidney diseases.

There are contraindications. First of all, this is the wrong collection of grass. You can not take for treatment that grass that grows in the fields along the road. It is treated with pest poisons and chemical fertilizers.

For treatment, a plant grown in greenhouses along with other herbs is suitable.

It is also undesirable to take drugs based on it:

  • During an exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases,
  • In the presence of autoimmune pathologies,
  • If an allergic reaction occurs.

Alfalfa as a siderat

Siderata or green fertilizers are plants that are specially planted in the soil for its enrichment, as well as for weed control. In this case, a protective layer is created on the surface, which prevents the winds from inflating, and the rains eroding the soil.

The roots form a breeding ground for worms and germs that help enrich the earth with nitrogen. The dense foliage of green manure (choose suitable ones) prevents the weeds from developing.

Alfalfa is widely used as such fertilizer; it is suitable both for amateur gardeners and agricultural enterprises.

What are its advantages?

  • Saturates the soil with nitrogen. During the first two years, you can collect about 300 kg of nitrogen from 1 hectare of land,
  • Humus from grass becomes an excellent fertilizer for subsequent crops. In terms of efficiency, only manure can be compared with it,
  • Its ability to grow densely leaves no room for weeds, scares off nematodes,
  • Suitable for sowing in front of: potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, berry crops, cereals.

Its unpretentiousness and frost resistance are difficult to replace with other green manure requiring special care and growing conditions.

Alfalfa is excellent for restoring the most neglected areas.

How to sow alfalfa?

It is better to lower the seeds into the ground in early spring. But pre-soak them in water for several hours. You can add fertilizer there.

  • Scatter manually by mixing with sand or sawdust,
  • To water
  • Drown the ground with your feet, stepping on a small plywood,

To combat lodging, carry out the hilling, in the autumn cut the root system. This enhances the growth of young roots. With signs of disease, crops are watered Bordeaux liquid (1%).

The plant has enough rainfall, if the soil is wet do not water additionally, otherwise the bushes will rarely grow.

To improve flowering, use mineral fertilizers, apply them to the soil before sowing. With proper care, alfalfa will grow densely and cover the area with bright colors

Choose varieties suitable for our climate:

  • Yellow
  • Hoppy
  • Sowing,
  • The bride of the north
  • Marusinskaya 425.

These species will better cope with frost, can withstand dry summers and can go without care for a long time.

Features and disadvantages of the plant

Some alfalfa features when using it as fertilizer:

  • Long period of growth and development. For siderat, this is a drawback, since it takes a long time to plant the main crop, under which the soil was prepared,
  • Seeds are expensive. But the price is justified, you get both excellent green fertilizer and excellent material for hay for livestock. But given the popularity, the price is rising every year,
  • Hard first month. Alfalfa is unpretentious, but within the first month after sowing it requires certain conditions: moist, loose soil, a sufficient amount of light. It happens that if these rules are not respected, it rises in places or does not grow at all.

But if everything worked out, then you save a lot . There will be no need to transport manure or mineral fertilizers to the site, the soil will be enriched with nitrogen, and many weeds and pests will be lost.

So, you have learned what alfalfa is, how to use it for a garden in the country, or in the treatment of certain diseases. Experienced gardeners say that it is difficult to replace it with something. And folk healers do not know the best remedy for wrinkles and hair loss.

Video about alfalfa and its use in medicine

In this video, the therapist Elena Miroshnikova will talk about the therapeutic use of alfalfa, about its healing properties:

Alfalfa is often called a lechuha, dawn or medunka. It grows mainly in Asia Minor and the Balkans; it is found on the fringes, pastures and in the steppes. It contains many minerals and other useful substances that the plant absorbs from the ground with its long roots.

Americans treat jaundice with it and improve blood coagulation, and in India, for example, they actively use the medicinal properties of alfalfa, effective in diseases of the kidneys and joints. Other areas of medical use:

  • acne and ulcers, furunculosis,
  • rheumatism, arthritis and gout,
  • colpitis
  • periodontal disease
  • erosion,
  • urethritis and cystitis
  • atherosclerosis,
  • constipation
  • diabetes,
  • anemia,
  • arthrosis,
  • stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer.

It is a good laxative and diuretic, which helps to improve digestion, and also eliminates excess fluids. Hence, successful cases of use for the prevention of arthrosis, rheumatism, cellulitis, diabetes mellitus, edema and gout. After all, the listed diseases often develop precisely because of water retention in the body.

Diuretic properties in combination with anti-inflammatory are useful in the treatment of pyelonephritis, prostatitis, cystitis and urolithiasis.

In gynecological practice, the isoflavones (isoflavonoids) that make up alfalfa help treat endometriosis and other hormone-related diseases. They are also useful for menopause in order to alleviate symptoms and overcome the lack of hormones in the female body.

Improves digestion in the digestive tract and, accordingly, digestive processes. The breakdown and absorption of fats is faster.

If you suffer from flatulence, heartburn or you have a stomach ulcer, make it a rule to regularly eat young shoots of alfalfa. In this case, the walls of the stomach will become more elastic, which will benefit your well-being.

This product is also desirable to add to the diet of pregnant and lactating mothers, since it contains calcareous substances that are useful for the development and growth of the baby’s bones. But do not forget to consult with your doctor first.

Fresh shoots strengthen teeth due to fluoride content. Vitamin D and potassium accelerate bone restoration and contribute to the healing of fractures, and fight osteoporosis.

Vitamin K is useful for the liver and improves blood coagulation. With a lack of this vitamin, even from an insignificant physical effect, hematomas can appear on the body.

Saponins lower cholesterol in the body.And coumarin prevents the formation of blood clots in the arteries - an excellent prophylactic and therapeutic agent for atherosclerosis. In addition, alfalfa is recommended for people with hypertension, tachycardia, ischemia, as well as for the prevention of these diseases.

To prevent cataracts and farsightedness, it is recommended that older people add plant seeds to the diet.

For bruises, bruises or insect bites, alfalfa seeds must be mixed with water to make a paste. Spread the affected area with it and the pain will subside. This simple preparation also helps to reduce swelling.

It is used to combat bad breath. The plant owes this property to a large dose of chlorophyll, which is often used in breath fresheners. A small piece of a juicy young shoot will help to cope with an unpleasant odor and relieve you of worries about this.

How to use germinated sprouts?

Alfalfa seeds can be germinated at home. This is completely uncomplicated. To do this, soak the seeds in filtered water for a day. Then, drain the water, distribute the seeds on a piece of natural tissue and leave to germinate. So that the alfalfa seed does not mold, you need to rinse it daily under running water. When the first sprouts sprout, you need to rinse the seeds again, and put in a plastic container. Store in a cool place for no longer than a week. Germinated alfalfa is used in cooking and traditional medicine.

Sprouted alfalfa is an ideal ingredient for salads.

Since the shoots are soft and tender, it is easily absorbed. But a mature plant with hard hard stems is not recommended to be eaten raw. This can only be done after thermal exposure. For example, you can sprinkle grass with boiling water so that the fibers become softer and more tender.

In order to resist viruses and other infections in the autumn-winter period, it is recommended to use precisely the young leaves and seedlings of alfalfa, as well as the juice of the plant. So, you will replenish the element necessary for the body - ascorbic acid. The lack of which leads to a decrease in immunity.

Tincture

There is universal alfalfa tincture recipe. For one tablespoon of chopped herbs - a glass of boiling water. Cover and leave until cool. To drink within 12 hours three four times.

You can also cook alcohol infusion. For five tablespoons of chopped leaves, take half a liter of vodka or alcohol. Keep about two weeks in a dark place with medium temperature. Drink one teaspoon thirty minutes before eating. Twice a day.

For arthritis, arthrosis, gout need 50 grams of grass pour a liter of alcohol or vodka. Leave for fourteen days to insist. For fifty milliliters of water, it is recommended to take 10 drops of the finished tincture. Drink thirty minutes before eating. Take three times a day.

With cuts, abrasions, burns or after surgery, it is very useful to take alfalfa infusion. Proportion: 5 g of alfalfa herb per half a glass of boiling water. The mixture must be poured into the bath. Take 10-15 minutes. The duration of treatment is 10 days.

To increase lactation it is necessary to add half a teaspoon of alfalfa infusion to tea. Drink tea in the morning, afternoon and evening, during the week. In addition, you can drink fresh juice from sprouted alfalfa sprouts. Enough five to six tablespoons per day.

For immunity strengthening infusion you need to take ten tablespoons of grated alfalfa to half a liter of boiling water. Cover the mixture and leave for five hours. Filter through double gauze. The grass cake is thrown away. Broth drink half a cup three to four times a day. You can add a little honey for taste.

The infusion is suitable to stimulate the work of the heart muscle . At 6 tbsp. l dried raw materials pour 500 ml of boiling water. Then let it brew for five hours. Next, strain through a gauze cut.Take one hundred milliliters three times a day. Be sure to eat. The duration of therapy is four weeks.

Against pancreatitis and diabetes you need to grind the stems of the plant. Pour boiling water (0.5 L). Wrap in a warm cloth and towel. Leave for five to six hours. Strain. Drink five tablespoons an hour before meals. In the morning, at lunch and in the evening. Or dilute the juice of the plant in equal parts with water.

Decoction

The main recipe for a decoction of alfalfa is as follows: 2 tbsp. l alfalfa herbs - 500 ml of water. Put on fire, boil and keep on low heat for about ten minutes. Most often, such a recipe is used. when douching.

Against nervousness need 15 gr. dried grass alfalfa pour one and a half glasses of liquid. Boil. To languish for ten minutes. Pour into a thermos and leave for three hours. To filter. Take half a cup in the morning, afternoon and evening an hour before meals. It helps to eliminate nervousness during pregnancy or menopause.

In the treatment of diabetes this recipe will help: pour ten grams of herb 200 ml of boiling water. To simmer in a water bath for twenty-five minutes, stirring slightly. An hour to insist. Strain. Drink in divided doses throughout the day.

During menopause It is useful to drink a soothing decoction. On a glass of water - five grams of raw materials. Boil for five minutes. And leave to insist for about three hours. Drink 125 ml. Three times a day 30 minutes before a meal.

Relieve inflammation and pain from hemorrhoids sedentary baths with alfalfa decoction help. You need a teaspoon of dried stems and 250 ml of boiling water. Steaming for twenty minutes. Filter the broth into the bath.

When losing weight and to reduce appetite you need to take germinated alfalfa and pour half a liter of boiling water on the floor. Cool and take 200 ml per day before main meals.

In oncology effective hop grade of alfalfa. Two tablespoons of dried raw materials - half a liter of liquid. Boil for five minutes. Then leave to infuse for an hour. Take in small doses 15-20 minutes before a meal.

The juice from the leaves and stem of the plant is also very healthy. It should be diluted with clean water in a proportion of one to one. Is applied to enhance the production of breast milk, with high blood sugar.

If you are tormented nasal and vaginal bleeding, drink 25 g of juice from the leaves of the plant twice a day. To do this, squeeze fresh juice from alfalfa leaves. Consume twenty-five milliliters in the morning and evening.

Can cook vitamin tonic drink . Grind a little fresh peeled alfalfa grass mixed with the same amount of water using a blender to a creamy state. Take the prepared mixture daily. First, start treatment with small portions, then gradually increase this amount. This vitamin drink activates the work of all body systems. Strengthens the nervous, cardiovascular, immune system. Gives vigor, relieves sleep problems, normalizes bowel function.

Raw

From bleeding just lay a bunch of dry alfalfa on the wound. To quickly resolve the bruises, you need to apply to them pieces of cotton soaked in a decoction of grass.

To enhance the body's immune functions alfalfa seedlings will do. They are eaten raw. For example, as an additive to a salad. With regular use, hemoglobin rises, vitality increases, and metabolism accelerates.

Use in cosmetology

Alfalfa is also widely used for cosmetic purposes. Since it contains a lot of essential oils, vitamins and acids, it is good for hair and skin.

Those wishing to find elastic and fresh skin will do anti-aging mask . Grind the grass with a mortar or grind in a coffee grinder. Dilute a teaspoon of powder with a small amount of hot water. To make a pasty mixture. Cool slightly.Apply slurry to the face and neck, avoiding the nasolabial triangle and around the eyes. Hold for about fifteen minutes. Wash off with warm water without soap. Lubricate the skin with a nourishing agent to prevent dryness. One or two masks per week is enough for a good effect.

Relieve swelling and redness such a soothing mask will help: it is recommended to add a little honey to the medicinal infusion. Next, dip a piece of gauze into the resulting mixture. Put it on your face. Lie down for 15 minutes at rest. After removing the mask and gently wipe the face with a swab dipped in warm water.

With hair loss , such an effective recipe will help: 20 gr. herbs - a liter of boiling water. Boil for ten minutes. Cool, strain. Rinse the hair along the entire length after washing. Such a decoction softens hair, strengthens, makes it obedient and alive. An excellent analogue of a synthetic air conditioner.

With aging skin face effectively wash with infusion of medicinal herbs, as well as use lotions. With regular use, small wrinkles disappear, the skin rejuvenates, becomes elastic.

An excellent prophylactic against aging is rubbing the skin with ice cubes made from a decoction of the plant.

Harm and contraindications

Alfalfa has some contraindications. It should be used with extreme caution to people who have individual intolerance to some of the components that make up the grass.

Also, it should not be used by patients with autoimmune diseases, those who have increased blood clotting, with exacerbations of gastric ulcer, with phenylketonuria.

Contraindication is children's age up to 3 years.

When diagnosing a disease such as lupus erythematosus, alfalfa in any form should not be used.

Alfalfa contains a large amount of fiber. Therefore, in order for the stomach to perceive it easier, before starting a course of treatment with grass, you need to drink a course of drugs that contain bifidobacteria.

Methods of application in traditional medicine

Alfalfa has long been successfully used in folk medicine. Many recipes are known that include this perennial herb. We will consider the most popular and effective ones.

  • With diabetes take a decoction, which is prepared as follows: we take 2 teaspoons of dried and ground grass, put it in an enameled bowl and pour one glass of boiling water. Then we put the composition in a water bath for 20 - 25 minutes. After which we let it brew for 1 hour, filter and consume it in small portions throughout the day. During therapy, do not forget to control blood sugar.
  • For joint pain . We prepare a therapeutic concentrate: 5 tablespoons of dry grass pour vodka (0.5 liters). We insist 2 - 2.5 weeks. The finished product must be stored in a glass dish of dark glass in a dark, cool place. Method of application: add 10 drops of the product to half a glass of water and drink a few minutes before eating.
  • Alfalfa is used as wound healing and anti-aging agents . The broth is prepared at the rate of half a glass of boiling water 1 tablespoon of dry grass. The cooked brew is added to the bath when bathing. By applying dry grass to the wound, bleeding can be stopped. For the quickest resorption of hematomas, tampons soaked in alfalfa broth are applied to them.
  • With menopause as a sedative use a drug based on alfalfa. We take 200 milliliters of water and put 1 st. a spoonful of crushed dried raw materials. We boil the product for several minutes, then let it brew for at least 3 hours. The medicine is taken 3 times a day for half a cup a few minutes before meals.
  • To boost immunity use young leaves of grass in salads.Thus, the risk of anemia is reduced, the overall tone of the body is increased, food is better absorbed.
  • Improve lactation You can use freshly squeezed juice from young shoots. Nursing mothers can drink it 25-30 ml daily.
  • Lucerne used in diet . A decoction of this herb will help reduce appetite. We take 200 grams of young shoots and pour them with two glasses of boiling water. We wait until it cools down and take one glass 15 minutes before a meal.
  • Get cured from hemorrhoids You can use the baths prepared with one teaspoon of dry stems and a glass of boiling water. The product will be ready in 20 minutes. Before use, it must be filtered.

The method of proper preparation of germinated seeds:

First, soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours. After this, we drain the water, and spread the seeds in a thin layer on a clean canvas rag and leave them until they germinate completely.

So that the seeds before germination are not covered with mold, they need to be washed every day 2 to 3 times in running water. As soon as the green sprouts appear, the seeds are washed again and placed in a plastic container.

Sprouted alfalfa seeds are stored in the refrigerator. They can be added to salads, vitamin cocktails, or eat as an independent dish.

Medicinal raw materials are sold in pharmacies, but if desired, it can be prepared independently.

For medicinal purposes, you need to cut off only the ground part of the plant during the flowering period. The grass is dried in the fresh air, in a place where there is no access to direct sunlight.

Shelf life of dry grass and seeds in cloth bags in a cool and dry room - up to 2 years.

Sprouted seeds - in the refrigerator in a closed container - up to 6 days.

Fresh stems and leaves - in a plastic bag in the refrigerator - no more than 3 days.

If you have no contraindications for the use of alfalfa, include it in your diet and in this way you will improve your well-being and prevent the occurrence of many diseases.

Therapeutic and beneficial properties

What is beneficial alfalfa? When dried, this plant, a photo of which can be seen in the article, has a diuretic and diuretic effect. It is actively used by people suffering from diabetes, and it is also used to quickly healing damaged skin . The plant has strengthening and anti-inflammatory properties.

The healing properties of alfalfa have a beneficial effect on the course of the menstrual cycle, especially if there is a violation or deviation from the norm. Alfalfa also benefits during pregnancyhelping strengthen fetal bones .

As shown by the long-term use of alfalfa, the medicinal properties of this plant improve the human immune system. Thanks to immunomodulatory qualities, a gradual restoration of the normal functioning of protective patient body mechanisms . If the disease proceeds in a serious form, then the plant helps to support the body, providing it with the necessary energy in the fight against the disease.

The grass provides special assistance to people who suffer from tuberculosis, as it has antibacterial and antiviral properties. Thanks to alfalfa, the activity of tubercle bacillus in the body decreases. Medicines based on this plant have an expectorant effect, helping to cleanse the lungs from sputum and making breathing easier.

Alfalfa also copes with viral fungal diseases . It disrupts protein metabolism in the fungal cells, inhibiting their development and gradually leading to death. Sometimes doctors use this plant as an additional therapeutic agent in combination with medications. But usually this happens if the disease is severe.

Alfalfa has an antitumor effect and its use helps to stop the development of pathological processes in the body.At the same time, benign formations begin to dissolve quickly, without giving turn them into malignant .

The active ingredients contained in alfalfa improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system. In addition, the heart muscle is strengthened and its work is normalized. In a positive way, the plant affects the vessels, strengthening the walls and making them more elastic. As a result, blood pressure stabilizes and decreases heart attack risk or stroke.

The plant improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, accelerating the digestive processes in the body and activating intestinal motility. Thanks to this, problems with constipation and "lazy intestines" are solved. Alfalfa also helps lose weight .

In addition, the herb has restorative, tonic and firming properties. It charges the body with energy in the event of a breakdown or overwork. Medicines based on alfalfa are recommended to be taken not only with physical, but also with mental overwork.

How to take alfalfa

This plant can be taken in large dosages and do not be afraid that an overdose will occur, since the body itself removes its excess in a natural way. But it is worth considering such a moment - with prolonged intake of alfalfa, it may develop allergic reaction . In the absence of contraindications, the course of treatment with grass on average lasts 2-3 months. If you need to repeat the course, then the break should be at least a month after the end of the previous one.

As already mentioned, alfalfa is used to treat many diseases. Consider the most effective recipes:

  • Soothing infusion. To cook it, 20 g of dry grass is poured into 300 g of water and boiled for 15 minutes, then it must be infused for 4 hours. After filtering, the infusion should be taken 100 g three times a day.
  • Decoction of diabetes. For this, a tablespoon of the plant pour a glass of boiling water and boil in a water bath for 15 minutes. The drug should be infused for 1-1.5 hours, and it should be taken in small portions throughout the day.
  • Tincture for diseased joints. To prepare a healing tincture, 40 g of dry herbs are poured into 0.5 liters of vodka and set to infuse for two weeks. For use, 10 drops of the finished tincture are diluted with 50 g of pure water.

Application in cosmetology

The beneficial properties of alfalfa have found their application in cosmetology. This plant is used to prepare a variety of cosmetic products for hair and skin care. Some products can easily be prepared on their own. For facial skin, use a decoction with alfalfa, which helps smooth wrinkles. As a result, the skin begins to gradually rejuvenate and becomes more elastic.

Valuable healing properties of alfalfa

Tops and flowers of the plant have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, general strengthening, supportive, tonic, immunomodulating, mild diuretic and laxative effect. Alfalfa juice is used in the treatment of anemia, with nervous and physical exhaustion, and a decrease in immunity.

  • Medunka helps to get out of a depressed state, to cope with insomnia, increase vitality, improve performance.
  • Plant juice is recommended to be included in the course of treatment of neuralgia, diseases of the bronchi and lungs, colds. It helps to increase hemoglobin and improve vision. In the latter case, to enhance the therapeutic effect, alfalfa and carrot juice are mixed in equal proportions.
  • As a therapeutic and prophylactic agent, medunka is used for cancer, thyroid dysfunction, hormonal failure.
  • Possessing an antifungal effect, alfalfa promotes the best assimilation of probiotic medications and restores healthy intestinal microflora.
  • Due to the high concentration of vitamin K, alfalfa significantly increases blood coagulation. Therefore, drugs from the medunka are recommended to be used as a hemostatic therapeutic agent. Vitamin K is also essential for normal liver function.

Alfalfa juice quickly neutralizes toxins and removes them from the body, being an indispensable tool in case of poisoning. In the grassy part of the plant, there is a lot of chlorophyll, which provides an antibacterial effect. Therefore, drugs from the medunka are often used as a wound healing agent that prevents the penetration of bacterial infections into the wounds.

It is useful for pregnant women to drink infusions, decoctions and alfalfa juice. The plant contains special calcareous components that positively affect the development and growth of the fetus. After giving birth, it is also beneficial to use preparations from alfalfa, since the plant helps to increase lactation.

Treatment with drugs from alfalfa is carried out in the following painful conditions:

  • Bloating.
  • Chronic constipation.
  • Peptic ulcer of the stomach.
  • Increased acidity, lack of appetite.
  • Joint pain, rheumatic pain syndrome.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Urolithiasis disease.
  • Cystitis.
  • Colpitis.
  • Pyelonephritis.
  • Inflammation of the prostate.
  • Nasal, vaginal, rectal bleeding.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Atherosclerosis.
  • Osteoporosis.

As a prophylactic alfalfa is used:

  1. To prevent the development of CCC diseases (lowers cholesterol, normalizes alkaline balance).
  2. To strengthen bone tissue and prevent dental diseases.
  3. In old age to raise vitality.
  4. To strengthen the defense mechanisms and increase immunity.
  5. Alfalfa helps women with menopause and early menopause to cope with hormonal imbalances and reduce unpleasant symptoms.
  6. Coumarin in alfalfa prevents the formation of blood clots in blood vessels, increases the elasticity of the walls of veins and arteries, regulates blood glucose levels, and stabilizes blood pressure.
  7. Fresh alfalfa juice and leaves are an excellent prophylactic against scurvy and protection against seasonal colds. And, of course, alfalfa is considered an indispensable tool for maintaining a stable state and treating patients with diabetes.

Alfalfa Home Remedies: Prescriptions

In diabetes, an infusion of alfalfa leaves is used. Dry raw materials (2 tsp) per 250 ml of boiling water are heated in a water bath for 15 minutes. Insist under a warm scarf for 1 hour. Filter and drink in fractional portions during the day.

A sedative of alfalfa, which positively affects the functioning of the nervous system as a whole, is prepared according to this recipe:

  1. Sickle alfalfa grass (2 tbsp. L. Dry tops) is poured with water (0.3 l).
  2. Cook at a slow boil for 10 minutes.
  3. Pour the broth into a thermos.
  4. Stand for 3 hours.
  5. Filtered.

Take the drug three times a day, 100 ml. It is recommended to drink the decoction under stress, in states of nervous overstrain, in menopause for the prevention of sharp emotional bursts and mood swings.

In the treatment of joint diseases, alcoholic alfalfa infusion is used. 5 tbsp. l pour 0.5 l of 40-degree vodka and stand in a tightly closed bottle for 2 weeks. Take 10 drops, adding to 50 ml of water. Drink 30 minutes before meals.

To speed up the elimination of toxins from the body during poisoning, it is recommended to cook and take alfalfa infusion according to this recipe:

  1. Pour boiling water (250 ml) 1 tbsp. l powdered grass.
  2. Soak for 3 hours in a warm place.
  3. Strain, divide into 3 equal portions.
  4. Drink everything in one day, taking the infusion half an hour before meals.

To reduce bleeding caused by trauma or a painful condition, it is recommended to drink fresh alfalfa juice twice a day, 25 ml each. To stop nosebleeds, moisten a piece of cotton wool in alfalfa infusion and attach to the nose.

To reduce the content of bad cholesterol in the blood, alcoholic tincture of alfalfa is taken. Pour with pure medical alcohol (100 ml) 1 tbsp. l alfalfa herbs and insist in a closed container for 2 weeks at room temperature. Before meals, 10 drops 3 times a day.

To strengthen bone tissue and tooth enamel, it is useful to drink tea from alfalfa, steamed in a thermos.

As a wound healing agent use a decoction of 1 tbsp. l meduncion tops and 100 ml of water. To enhance the therapeutic effect, a decoction can be added to the bath. Dry crushed grass, you can sprinkle a wound or prepare a compress. With regular use, such actions will accelerate the healing of damaged tissues, relieve pain, inflammation, and prevent infection from entering the wound.

For problems with the digestive system, gastritis, ulcers, intestinal spasms, take an infusion of alfalfa and mint. The crushed herbs are mixed in equal amounts, 2 tbsp. Are selected. l., pour boiling water (0.5 l). Stand for 30 minutes, filter. Drink 250 ml before meals.

To relieve swelling of tissues and reduce pain with hematomas and insect bites, it is recommended to use the seeds of a medunka. They need to be crushed into powder, mixed with warm water until a thick slurry is obtained and applied to a painful place during the day 3-6 times.

To reduce the pain of acute hemorrhoids, it is useful to take baths with a decoction of alfalfa. You need to prepare the drug based on 1 cup of boiling water 1 tsp. dry grass.

In the treatment of cancer, hop alfalfa is used. The broth is prepared from 2 tbsp. l tops and 0.5 l of water. Brew for 5 minutes, insist for an hour. Drink fractional servings before meals. With colpitis, the same decoction is used for douching.

To increase breast milk production, lactating women are recommended to add 1/4 tsp. alfalfa in tea. Drink 3 times a day for a week.

Precautions and contraindications

The only strict contraindication for the treatment of alfalfa is systemic lupus. Restrictions on taking decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs relate to individual intolerance, the negative reaction of the body to one or more components of the composition, which is extremely rare.

It is undesirable to use decoctions from the medunka when taking drugs that affect blood coagulation, with autoimmune diseases, exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases. Pregnant women, people with an allergic reaction to legumes, children under 12 years of age can take medications with alfalfa only with the permission of a doctor.

You need to start taking medicinal teas and decoctions of alfalfa with small doses. Since there is a lot of plant fiber in alfalfa, it is recommended to drink probiotics or preparations with bifitobacteria before starting treatment. This will help to avoid such unpleasant phenomena as diarrhea, constipation, flatulence.

Since alfalfa has pronounced healing properties, it is impossible to take it for a long time. Treatment is carried out in a course of 2-3 months. Then take a break for a period of 28-31 days. If you use alfalfa for medicinal or prophylactic purposes, following the instructions of doctors and without violating the dosage, there will be no side effects and complications.

Many biochemists agree that a plant like alfalfa is a strong foundation for health. They are convinced that the components that make up it are the brightest representatives of the universe.

But did you know that the world's first biological supplement was created on the basis of alfalfa? This perennial herb is considered an inexhaustible source of vitamins and minerals.

This herb belongs to the legume family. Until recently, it was used only as livestock feed. After a detailed study of the composition of this sample of flora, it began to be used not only in nutrition, but also for medicinal purposes.

Alfalfa has one very interesting property: it is able to extract nutrients from the deep layers of the soil. These are important vitamins of groups A, B, K, P, E and mineral components. The micronutrients that make up the composition are presented in an easily digestible form, so the human body is able to absorb them quite quickly and without much difficulty.

The use of alfalfa helps for many years to maintain good health, energy, strength, as well as increase the body's resistance to diseases of various kinds.

Alfalfa looks like ordinary field grass with yellow or lilac flowers. On the territory of our country, it grows in fields, pastures and meadows, and also this plant can be found in the forest.

It happens sowing and wild. For personal use, it is sometimes grown in summer cottages and household plots. If necessary, alfalfa can be bought at pharmacies, where it is sold peeled and dried, in a word ready to eat.