If you plant the best varieties of blackberry in the country, you can guaranteedly expect the most delicious harvest, with proper care.
Now there are the earliest, driftless, sweet, large-fruited, fruitful, as they say, for every taste and color - just choose.
And in order not to be mistaken, evaluate the characteristics and carefully read the description of whether this type is really suitable for growing on your summer cottage ...
What grades of blackberry should be planted in the Moscow region and the middle lane?
There are a lot of species of this berry bush today, they are diverse and perfectly adapted to different climatic conditions. The best blackberry varieties for the middle lane are winter-hardy, drought tolerant and unpretentious.
Agave - one of the oldest, proven, it even enters the State Register of Varieties as recommended for breeding in Russia, it has strong, prickly erect stems, and from one bush you can get about 5 kg, but in some cases up to 10 kg of crop, ripening in July - August. The plant can bear fruit up to 15 years.
Blackberry variety Aghavam - on photo
The only drawback of Agawam is its very prickly lush growth capable of filling the entire garden like a weed, but it is ideal for the Moscow region and the middle belt, it can withstand even the Siberian climate.
Easily tolerates shading, lack of moisture, even at -40 degrees C, does not need shelter, undemanding to the soil. But, the more to the north, the more time is required to reach ripeness, therefore in such regions it is recommended to plant it in the sun.
Apache - Bearing straight-growing hybrid of blackberry, fruits weigh up to 9 g, oval, shiny, black with a bluish tint, sweet, with a barely perceptible sourness. The collection begins in the second half of June and lasts about a month.
Tolerates cold to -20 ْ С, but for reliability it will be useful to cover it. Poorly endures heat, so it needs watering and shading.
Blackberry Apache variety - on the photo
Black satin - semi-stemming, with smooth stems, a variety of blackberry, has roundish, glossy berries, which are gathered in a brush of 10-15 pieces. An adult copy can give up to 20 kg, starting from the end of July and throughout September.
Blackberry variety Black Satin (Black Satin) - on photo
Blackberry tornfree - a bush devoid of thorns, with large, fragrant, sweet blackberries weighing up to 6-7 grams, needs shelter in the Moscow region.
Blackberry Tornfrey - on photo
Natchez - semi-varietal variety, early ripe, with huge dessert fruits up to 4 cm in length, and for the winter it is convenient to lay smooth shoots in a trench and shelter, since the plant can tolerate cold only up to -14 degrees C.
Blackberry variety Natchez (Natchez) - on photo
The following blackberry varieties are also suitable for the middle band - Ruben (Remontant, with vertical trunks), Chester - half-growing, Karak Black - one of the largest, with good transportability.
The best varieties of blackberry for the Leningrad region
For a relatively warm winter and a cool summer in the northwest, winter-hardy options are needed, of course, this is primarily the Agaves, but you can choose other varieties of blackberry.
Brzezina - early, with powerful spikeless shoots, frost-resistant, perfectly preserved during transportation, the crop can be harvested for a long time, the first in early July.
Blackberry Brzezin variety - on the photo
Doyle - Blackberry variety without thorns, medium ripening and long-term fruiting, fruits weighing up to 8 g, with an exquisite aroma, ripen from late July and throughout September. Doyle's amazing quality is a record yield, it was recorded that the record holder gave up to 50 kg. Of course, this is an exceptional case, but under normal conditions, fertility is impressive. It is resistant to diseases, drought, but its frost resistance is not too high - the plant requires shelter.
Blackberry variety Doyle - in the photo
Arapaho - besshipy blackberry variety, withstands temperatures down to -24 ْ С and for the winter in the Leningrad region it is better to hide it so that flower buds do not freeze through. Successfully resists pests and infections. The fruits are conical, are among the elite in taste and aroma, with small seeds.
Blackberry variety Arapaho - on photo
Triple crown - medium late, intermediate variety of blackberry between creeping and upright species, ripens in mid-August, fructification lasts until October, has no thorns. The stems reach 3 m in length, they are tied up to the trellis. Blackberry flavor has a hint of cherry or cherry. Dense leaves shade the fruit from the withering sun, and they do not dry out for a long time. But, if the heat does not subside, it is better to throw a covering material over the trellis.
Blackberry Triple Crown Variety (Triple Crown)
What blackberry is better to plant in the Urals and Siberia?
The best blackberry varieties for Siberia and the Urals are cold-resistant and are able to withstand spring temperature variations.
Polar - with straight-growing stems without thorns, a sweet and fragrant berry grows. Super early ripening at the end of June, prolonged fruiting, yield up to 5 kg. Successfully resists frosts up to -30 degrees C, does not tolerate overwetted soil, loves light loams.
Wilson airlie - the early ripe blackberry, ripens in July, has vertical stems, grow, tend to the earth and demand tying up. The berries do not differ in large size, only up to 2 g, it grows well in the Siberian climate, but prefers sunny areas.
El Dorado - Blackberries of early ripening, small and not too hard spines on the shoots, large-fruited, productive, cold-resistant variety. To prevent the plants from freezing at very low temperatures, they are warmed with snow.
Darrow - shrub with vertical shoots and small spines, not afraid of low temperatures, withstands temperatures down to -34 degrees C. Average maturation, lasting about one and a half months.
The yield increases annually and reaches 10 kg.
Blackberry Darrow variety - on photo Darrow Blackberry - on photo
Gazda - a tall shrub with a small number of thorns, which allows you to collect fruits mechanically, which grow to 7 g, round, dense, sweet and sour, well stored and transported. It grows well in cold climates, but with sufficient sunlight on the plot.
Snider - straight-growing, fruitful, frost-resistant shrub with small, but pleasant to the taste fruits, ripening early. Resistant to fungal diseases.
Also suitable for growing in harsh climates varieties Erie, Oregon, Flint, Chester, Thornless.
Will all varieties grow well in the south of the country?
In the south of Russia, a shrub with a minimum number of thorns is planted, but heavy black soil is not too favorable for growing this crop, it is better to give preference to varieties with creeping shoots, therefore the best varieties for the Black Soil Region are Thornfrey, Black Setin, and Black Butt also grow well (Black Bat, Black Bati), Natchez, Apache, Karak Black.
Garden blackberry, planting and caring for which are not complicated, can give a good harvest, to the delight of not only children, but also adults, because of delicious berries you can make wine, marshmallow, cook delicious fruit compote, etc. In the southern regions grow species that grow well in hot arid climates.
Ouchita (Washito) - one of the novelties of the American selection, no blackberry, berries weighing 5-10 g, with a bright dessert taste, is very fruitful - you can collect up to 30 kg from a bush, tolerates frost down to -17 ° С, drought-resistant.
Blackberry varieties Ouchita (Washito) - on photo
Columbia Star - Bearing, with early stretched fruiting, you can harvest in batches, up to seven times per season.
Jumbo - A new mid-seasoned French blackberry hybrid, ripening extended in time, seizes September, spikes, semi-creeping. Some blackberries gained a weight of 30 grams, a distinctive feature - a high sugar content. Resistant to drought, but requires shelter for the winter.
Blackberry Jumbo variety - in the photo
Chief Joseph - begins to ripen in June, bears fruit for a month and a half. Without prickles, large-fruited, sweet. Collect up to 35 kg from a bush. Easily adapts to the lack of moisture.
Also, the best varieties of blackberry for the south - Lawton - Late, Taylor - Remontantny, Loch Tey, Black Bute.
Many summer residents grow old Tornfrey, bredless variety cultivated almost half a century ago. It is convenient for growing, yields, matures relatively early. In addition, Thornfrey refers to the so-called hybrid types.
It simultaneously combines the features of a creeping and bushy form. Many farmers have already noted that this is one of the best blackberries for industrial cultivation.
Thornfri is high yielding, unpretentious, more winter hardy than other types of blackberry culture.
The advantage of old blackberry varieties is their long-standing acclimatization.
Now most of the fruit and berry nurseries from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok are growing seedlings grown in local climatic conditions.
They get sick a little after transplantation, very quickly begin to bring full yields.
about blackberry tornfree
The blackberry Agave bred at the same time as Tornfrey belongs to such seasoned representatives.
The popularity of the Agaves provided her record winter hardiness among the black berries. In many areas, she practically does not need shelter.
It is enough just to slightly bend the branches to the ground, so that the snow covers them.
Agaves - mid-season, berries begin to fill with color somewhere closer to the end of August. It grows in the form of a bush, branches can reach a length of 5 meters.
The bush has a studdedness, although it is present, but not so much as in some other old varieties, so it is quite convenient for pruning. If you live there, where the winters are quite cold, then the Agaves will suit you perfectly.
It is somewhat less fruitful than other cultivated blackberries, the berries are a bit smaller and ripen not so early, but with winter shelter there will be much less hassle.
Often, Agave is used by landscape designers to create a hedge. She loves forming, very quickly filling the space of the tapestry or fence.
New world selection
Blackberry selection is leaps and bounds everywhere. Previously, the main studies were carried out in the United States, but now a variety of countries have joined in the development of new forms of blackberry garden. For example, New Zealand, which gave the world such a miracle as Karak Black.
Blackberry Karak Blek many masters revered for one of the most promising varieties of the latest selection. It is ultra ripe early, despite the fact that the ripening period is extended to the very cold.
It has truly enormous, even for this culture, fruits. Elongated berries weigh 20-30 grams. Taste properties are excellent, high sugar content. Berries are both juicy and transportable.
Karak Blek is perfect for arid regions. It is generally one of the most drought-resistant varieties in the world. In addition, it is resistant to all known garden diseases. It is worth noting also the compactness of the bush.
Scourge small, about three meters long, and the thorns, though present, but not so many. Perhaps the only significant drawback of Karak Black is its poor winter hardiness. But this is easily overcome by winter shelter.
It bends very well, the whips are not brittle, convenient for laying in trenches.
Blackberry Karaka Black
But Natchez, one of the latest breeding products of the University of Arkansas, has the largest berries. It has no thorns, has a bushy, but semi-permanent form, which is why it is very convenient for winter shelter. Natchez is ultra-short. We pick berries closer to the beginning of July.
The fruits are not showered for a long time, incredibly tasty, even unripe sweet. Have a pleasant cherry flavor. It is perfect for personal use, and for sale. Buyers will be surprised, if not stunned, by the size of the fruit, and the taste of this black berry will win their hearts.
There are a lot of varieties, it is impossible to tell right away about all the worthy ones. For cold winters, Polar is best suited for Polish breeding. It does not need winter shelter, is compact, brings excellent yields, is mid-season, and large berries have a very pleasant taste.
Of the English selection, Lough They and Valdo are the most curious. Miniature Valdo is very compact, it can be planted thicker. He practically does not require pruning, high-yielded. It produces small, round-shaped fruits from mid-July.
It tolerates our frosts relatively well. And Lough Tey does not require good soil or abundant permanent irrigation. Very unpretentious variety. Blackberry medium-sized, but extremely tasty. Maturation lasts about three weeks.
In a short time, you can collect a pair of buckets of excellent quality berries from one bush.
Blackberry Photography Loch Tey
But most importantly, Lough Tay is one of the earliest representatives of the blackberry garden. Enjoy delicious berries, we can already from mid-June.
Blackberry Ruben and other remontant wonders
The history of the Blackberry Repairman begins with Ruben, bred by leading plant growers from the University of Arkansas.
Repair grades are useful where:
- extremely cold or little snowy winter
- long autumn without a cold snap,
- cool spring for more comfortable flowering,
- many mice, rabbits that can damage wintering wood.
This blackberry is more demanding for watering, less winter-hardy. But the fact that you only need to cover the roots for the winter, removing all the wood grown over the summer, makes it much more difficult to care for than the many blackberry varieties that are more winter-hardy.
Photo blackberry Ruben
The growth power of remontant varieties, as a rule, is much higher than the ordinary ones - they bring the first significant harvest a year after planting.
Variety Ruben is considered to be the patriarch of the Blackberry Remontrant. He has ripened - the first berries are already collected from the end of July until the winter frosts. Ruben, in general, belongs to the most fruitful grades of blackberry.
Collect three buckets of large berries weighing 10-15 grams from the bush - not fiction. It has a very powerful root, which is why it is rather drought-resistant. Soil is not exacting.
It responds with the best flowering in the cool spring. Winters are not scary. Practically the same applies to another repair variety of Prime Arc 45. This is a late-maturing novelty of American selection.
You get juicy fruit, when all the other berries have long gone.
One of the most interesting is the newest variety Amara from Arkansas, representing itself the world's first reparative blackberry without thorns.
Amara has unusually tasty berries up to 15 grams, which ripen from the beginning of September. Tall, high-yielding.
The lack of thorns makes summer bush care and fruit picking very convenient.
about blackberry Ruben
What to choose?
Species of blackberry garden variety.
Some differ in shape, compactness of the bush, others in ripening, the size of the berries, yield, and the third in the requirements of the conditions: moisture, soil, winter, the fourth taste qualities of berries.
If one of them has a classic blackberry taste, then others have an apple, cherry and even orange flavor. There is, after all, a remontant culture.
In the photo bush blackberry
Let's take a brief look at what varieties and what will fit in our farmsteads.
- Severe winters - we take any sort of remontant or Agave, Polar,
- Dry summer - Karak Black, Lough Tey, Chief Joseph, Black Bute,
- Poor soil - the same Lough Tei, Chief Joseph and also the French Jumbo,
- Little space on the site - baby Waldo to help you,
- I want to start collecting berries early - Lough Tay, Natchez, Black Bute,
- I want to please myself for a longer fresh blackberry - Amara, Camila, Prime Arch 45,
- Would you like to marvel at yourself or strike others with huge berries - Natchez, Karak Black.
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The best varieties of blackberry. Description and rating of varieties
Blackberries are a tasty and healthy berry, which is a great success in private gardening.
Many landowners dream to see in the beds dark purple fruits that contain many vitamins and minerals.
The task is not so difficult, provided that the “correct” varieties are selected for cultivation. In this article, you will find out which blackberry is the best.
Cultivate blackberries began in the United States in the XIX century. Most species are bred there, in natural conditions. At the moment there are about 300 varieties. This diversity is due to the fact that plants easily interbreed with each other, showing the world more and more new hybrids.
Blackberry is a perennial shrub, often covered with thorns. Depending on how the stems grow, distinguish cumanic (erect branches) and rosianik (creeping branches). The leaves are complex. Flowers - self-pollinated, large, gathered in a brush. The fruit is a drupe.
Berries contain iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, phosphorus, organic acids, vitamins C, A, K, PP, cellulose, amino acids.
Blackberry has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous and bactericidal action.
Normalizes pressure, calms the nervous system, removes toxins, speeds up the metabolism.
Blackberry teas and decoctions are prescribed for obesity, neurosis, constipation, diabetes, liver and bladder diseases.
The best varieties of blackberry
As you can see, there are enough reasons to grow blackberries in your beds. And now let's choose varieties that are guaranteed to take root and will produce a stable crop.
This variety was bred almost 100 years ago. A prickly bush with upright stems reaches a height of 2 meters. Thorns - long and curved, making harvesting difficult. One of the main advantages of the blackberry - resistance to low temperatures. Perfectly transfers temperature to-30 degrees.
The berries are medium in size, black, with a characteristic luster. The taste is sweet and sour. Blackberry ripens in August and September. With one bush you can get 10 kg of fruit. The plant rooted without problems. Moreover, if you regularly do not remove new shoots Agaveam occupies the whole garden.
The result of the efforts of foreign breeders is recognized as one of the most fruitful in the world. In this regard, listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
A large number of berries is due to the fact that the plant forms many lateral branches (about 50 cm long) with countless fruit pillows.
A weighty plus grade is the lack of thorns.
Fruits of black color - juicy and big. Weight - up to 5 grams. Form - elongated. The taste is sweet and sour, very pleasant. Well tolerated freight. Blackberry resistant to frost and drought. Rarely sick. The fruiting period lasts from July to September.
Obtained after lengthy experiments on the crossing of the Navajo variety and the “test” sample of Ark.1007 for that period. The result exceeded all expectations.
Large black conical berries retain their original size throughout the season, do not flow and do not crumple during transportation.
Taste - sweet, with a pleasant sourish shade.
Yield is average. From one bush - 7-8 kg of berries. Fruits are harvested from June to August.
The plant can withstand temperatures up to -20 degrees, if the thermometer falls below - requires shelter. Drought does not like.
In the hot period, the bush must often be watered and cleaned with nets or agrofibre.
The variety was bred in 1974. The name was not chosen by chance - the breeders wanted to emphasize tenderness and silkiness. Semi-vegetative bush with powerful branches after reaching a certain height leans to the ground. Shoots sometimes grow to 5 meters, so they need reliable support.
Berries - large. Mass varies from 5 to 8 gr. Collected in spectacular black tiered brushes. Ripe blackberries - sweet and soft. When transporting quickly wrinkled. Yields are high.
Under favorable conditions, 14-17 kg of fruits are collected from one bush. Harvest is recommended to be collected immediately after ripening. If this is not done, the blackberry will shrink and crumble.
The result of multiple crossing of different varieties of raspberry and blackberry. The main advantage of this prickly variety is fruit. They look unusual - large (10 gr.
) oblong berries at the end are narrowed. The surface is shiny. Taste - memorable, sweet with a pleasant sourness.
Due to its high density, the blackberry is stored and transported for a long time without loss of commercial quality.
The disadvantage of Karak Black is the sharp thorns. Wear thick gloves when working with a bush. One plant gives 8 to 10 kg of fruit. Crop harvested from June to August.
The variety does not tolerate cold - protect it from frost, but it is resistant to pests and diseases.
Sometimes the leaves begin to turn yellow - this is not a cause for concern, but a distinctive feature of the variety.
Appeared not so long ago - in 2011. Immediately won the favor of gardeners. Shrub - low and compact.
The branches are flexible, do not break even under the gusts of a strong wind, without thorns. The variety tolerates low temperatures - you can not cover for the winter.
Fruiting lasts until the first frost.
Berries - large (4-5 cm in length), sweet. When transporting do not lose their original appearance. From one bush you can get 14-15 kg of fruit. Ruben is good because it provides an opportunity to savor delicious blackberries, when everything has been gathered from the bushes of other varieties for a long time.
This variety is the dream of every summer resident. Unpretentious to the environment, easy to maintain, resistant to frost and disease. It grows in one place for a long time - about 30 years. Bred in the USA in 1966. It is very popular to this day.
The main advantages are the absence of thorns, amicable ripening of berries, high ornamental qualities of the bush, multi-brush. One plant gives up to 12 kg of fruit.
Berries - dark blue, juicy. Taste changes as it ripens: first - sour, then - sour-sweet, after full ripening - fresh-sweet.
Fruiting occurs in August.
Besshipny variety with large fruits. The plant is tall, upright. Shoots - powerful, resilient, in need of support.
The variety is valued for drought resistance, good yield and extraordinary taste. Berries - elongated, black, with a glossy surface.
About maturity signals the dry sepal, in the immature blackberry it is green.
Fruits are uniform in structure, dense, do not crumple during collection and transportation. To taste, they are harmonious, rich, sweet, with a pronounced fruity aroma. Blackberries ripen in July. Berries can be harvested both manually and mechanically.
Somehow, the experts set themselves the goal of creating a strong upright variety without thorns, characterized by early ripening periods. So Arapaho appeared. Blackberry fell in love with many, because it combines the advantages of long-known species.
Fruits are short, conical in shape, dark black in color. Taste is also on top. Many people call this variety the best in terms of flavor and taste.
The plant tolerates well lowering the temperature to -25 degrees and in most cases winters without shelter. The berries mostly appear on the side branches.
In this regard, it is recommended to pinch the upper shoots, which stimulates their growth.
This blackberry attracts good yields with minimal physical cost. The variety was bred in Poland in 2008. Over his appearance specialists have worked for over 30 years. Straight shoots without thorns reach a height of 2.5 meters or more.
Glossy black berries have a neat oval shape. The taste is amazing, very pleasant and sweet, without the usual astringency. From one bush about 7 kg of fruits turn out.
Polar differs in early terms of ripening and long fruiting. Harvest can be from July to September. The plant retains its inherent characteristics even after long shipments. Resistant to diseases and pests.
The hottest novelty today. A patent for this variety has not yet been received and there is very little information about it. It is known that the bush without thorns, with straight stems. Easily maintains temperature to -13 degrees. Resistant to diseases.
Berries have a great industrial potential due to their adaptability to long-term transportation and storage. Fruits - round shape, weighing 5 grams.
As for taste, when creating this variety, John Clark said: “I dream to bring out a variety that I would like to eat without stopping, even though there is a whole bucket”.
It seems that he succeeded.
Before you - 10 best varieties of blackberry, characterized by high yield, amazing taste, resistance to low temperatures and pests. Choosing one of them, you will not go wrong, because you will get the opportunity to enjoy tasty berries throughout the whole summer and even half of autumn.
What a blackberry grow in the middle lane - an overview of the best varieties
Is it possible to successfully cultivate in us this berry, which hails from distant America? Well, if you grow in the country the best varieties of blackberry, adapted to our climate.
Grow blackberries in horticultural culture began not so long ago, in the IX century. And the first were really the Americans, so most of the popular varieties are selected in the United States.
But work on the zoning and change of grade for different climatic conditions were carried out for nearly two centuries in different countries of the world.
And here we have a whole list of the best varieties of blackberry that can be grown without problems and with an excellent result in a Russian country house.
Before turning to the discussion of varieties, you need to talk about the species. There are only three of them, but the differences between them are grand.
- Rossianica, she's an ozhina, blackberry gray - is a creeping lodging shrub. It has an average cold resistance (up to -20 ° C), ripens early, gives juicy, tasty, fragrant and large berries, which can be both black and dark red in color. Creeping shoots are long, can grow up to 4.5 meters, fruit branches are located perpendicular to the main branch. In this variety, thornless varieties have been bred, since the shrub of the parent thorny species has few. Breeding rosary is rooting apical buds, and you can grow them on a support, so the berries ripen faster.
- Cumanica, or blackberry Nessian - also a shrub, but tall and upright, whose branches are slightly drooping. In height, it can grow to three meters. Differs kind of good resistance to low temperatures and an abundance of thorns along the entire stem. Mostly varieties of this species are self-pollinating. Propagated by their offspring or basal cuttings. The berries are usually black or black and gray.
- Semi-swarming blackberry - an intermediate species, which, however, stands alone, since the varieties and hybrids of this variety are different from the rest. The branches are wilting quite strongly, the height of the bushes is 2.5 m. It is possible to propagate, as with the comanic, with the root shoots of the buds of the apical shoots. Berries are medium, black and red.
Although the erect cumanica berries are not the largest, but of medium size, because of the ease of care, and ease of harvesting, as well as due to abundant fruiting, it is her preference to grow most of the summer residents.
On the basis of these three varieties, the Americans, the British and Europeans created more than three hundred different varieties and hybrids of this useful and tasty berry in all respects. American and English varieties are most suitable for us and in the whole world community of gardeners are rightfully considered the most successful.
Top 10 Best Grades
The ground part of all varieties is not woody, that is, it does not form perennial wood.
Shoots sprouting from root buds do not bear fruit in the first year. Fruiting begins on the side branches of the second year, which then die off.
This is where the similarities end, and differences begin in varieties and their agricultural practices.
"American" without thorns is considered the most fruitful of all varieties bred today (even present on this issue in the Guinness Book of Records). The fruits of the Doyle variety are rather large, sweet and juicy. One berry weighs an average of seven grams.
Productivity is achieved due to the fact that the bush produces lateral fruit-bearing shoots a lot, and their length can reach half a meter. This variety is considered drought-resistant and cold-resistant. But for maximum yield, top dressing and regular watering are required.
Also bred in America, but English breeders helped local breeders.
The result was a remontant variety, which, being an exception from the rest, bears fruit on annual running shoots.
The plant entered the market only 6 years ago, but has already earned popularity, both in industrial gardening farms and in private owners.
"Ruben" grows vertically, but the bush is compact and not high (from 1.5 to 2 m). To grow it does not need a trellis and supports. The branches are strong, do not break and do not bend in the wind.
At the end of the fruiting bush is cut off, so do not gently take care of its insulation for the winter. In the spring, new shoots grow, which immediately give the berries ripening in August and September.
The root system of a bush is powerful, so it freezes through frosts easily and grows on any, even arid and not very fertile, soils. You can plant a blackberry "Ruben" along the fences and in the shading.
This variety also has no thorns, besides the berry is very easy to shoot.
The berries are large (up to 10 g) and have a sweet taste. The shape is elongated, the berry is about 4 cm long. They have good transport characteristics and a long shelf life.
Differs unpretentiousness and good adaptability to our winter weather conditions. The variety is quite fruitful, resistant to diseases. It can grow and bear fruit without changing the place of planting up to 30 years.
The berries are not juicy, but “fleshy.” They weigh from 7 to 9 g. They are inferior in size to some varieties, but the variety is considered commercial, because the berries have excellent taste, the safety is high, and the berries are “one to one”. Blackberry "Tornfri" can be collected mechanically. The berries ripen in August.
Brought her to the University of Maryland exactly half a century ago. Since then, the variety has improved so much that it has a list of advantages:
- no thorns,
- together gives crops,
- abundant fruiting,
- There are a lot of berries on the brush,
- taste good
- simultaneous ripening of berries,
- does not give numerous offspring,
- not afraid of pests and almost no ill
- looks decorative and beautiful blooms.
Variety "Loch Tey"
It was brought out by the Scots, and they are very proud of it, because the berries in this variety of blackberry have a bright and rich taste. In size they are not the largest, the mass is about 4-5 g. But all the berries are uniform, the commodity and shipping qualities are high.
This is a tall shrub that requires installation on supports, otherwise the branches with ripe tassels will fall and the crop will be damaged.
The collection is possible mechanical, so the variety is classified as industrial, but it is often grown on personal plots. The fruits ripen in late July.
This variety, selected in the second half of the XIX century by the Americans, came to us half a century ago, and since then it has been successfully and widely cultivated in home gardens. The berries do not have outstanding sizes, their weight is from 4 to 5 g, but the taste is amazing, with a sourness, reminiscent of wild wild blackberry.
Strong vertical shoots reach 2-2.2 m.Even the strongest frosts are not afraid of this shrub; it can tolerate temperatures of -30 ° C.
The berries are black, shiny, as they ripen, the amount of sugar grows, and by the time of harvest they become fresh-sweet, so they pick up blackberries of this variety in the stage of technical ripeness.
The variety is susceptible to numerous diseases, and if the berries are overexposed on a bush, they begin to rot. Therefore, for processing and transportation, they harvest the fruits of the Agave variety in late August, without waiting for consumer ripeness, which occurs in early September.
Bred in Arkansas at the very beginning of the XXI century. High upright shrub, up to 2.5 meters, differs enlarged berries of interesting conical shape.
7-9 g is the average mass of fruits that can hang on a bush from mid-July to mid-August. The quality and taste characteristics do not fall. The color remains saturated black, glossy on the surface.
Although the fruits and juicy, they do not crumple during collection and transportation.
The taste is consistently harmonious and sweet-sour. This plant is characterized by low drought tolerance and low winter hardiness. And it does not tolerate even too dry air, therefore, for it is recommended watering with drip irrigation and shelter for the winter from frost.
Variety "Chester Thornless"
One of the most frost-resistant varieties, bred in America in the seventies of the last century. It differs in frost resistance above an average indicator (maintains a frost to -26 ° C).
Semi-vegetative species requiring trellis garter. Lash height - up to one and a half meters. The size and weight of medium and large - up to seven grams. The color is gray-black, the surface is shiny.
The taste is rich, sweet, sour almost absent. The structure of the berries is very dense, they are strong, even in a mature state. They can be easily transported and stored for a long time without loss of presentation.
The variety has a high yield - with trellis cultivation - up to 15 kg of berries from a bush. Ripen from late July to early August.
This variety of "new". It was developed by Polish breeders 10 years ago, but specialists have been working on its improvement for about thirty years. What was the result? High yield combined with unpretentiousness and minimal cost of caring for shrubs.
Erect shoots 2.5 meters do not require support. Glossy dark berries look neat, having the same oval shape.
Taste has rich shades, but does not have astringency, which is inherent in many cultivars of blackberry. Acid is minimal. Maturation terms are stretched.
Fruiting begins in July and may, under favorable weather conditions, continue until September.
Variety resistant to pests and diseases, ideal for growing in our climate.
Blackberries - a delicious berry that can diversify the garden assortment of the summer cottage. Its yield justifies the labor costs of growing, and the vitamin and mineral composition is not inferior to the "healing" raspberry.
If you choose the right variety, based on the capabilities of the site and the needs of the family, you can provide yourself with interesting flavor combinations in winter blanks.
They make a lot of various compotes, jams, jellies, marmalades from blackberries, preserve the berry in its own juice, freeze and, of course, eat fresh.
Since the majority of successful varieties of fruit bearing stretched for a period of about a month, the source of vitamins on the site is easy to have, growing blackberries.
Rossianica and Cumanica
The name "blackberry" combines several species of closely related plants with black-purple berries, like raspberries. They are divided into three groups. Each of them tolerates winter conditions in different ways.
The first variety is climbing, or creeping blackberry. It is also called rosyanika. Shoots of plants spread along the ground and reach 5 m in length. The wild species growing in the Russian forests and ravines — the grayberry (or ozhin) blackberry — belongs to this group.
Blackberry climbing varieties are popular because of tasty large berries and moderate number of thorns. There are even varieties in general “without thorns” (they were all artificially bred). But resistance to cold in a creeping blackberry is average - it hibernates well at temperatures not lower than 20 degrees below zero. Therefore, in the winter such plants have to cover.
The second group is a erect (bushy) blackberry, or cumanica. Her thorny bushes grow vertically, like a raspberry. It is such a blackberry that best endures the harsh winter. Some varieties survive even cooling down to -40 degrees!
Finally, there are blackberry transitional varieties - semi-creeping. For winter hardiness they are inferior bushy. However, in the long runaway, the upper part usually dies due to frost. In this case, the harvest will still be, because these varieties most of the berries formed on the twigs in the lower part of the whip.
Cold resistant varieties
Blackberry varieties are successfully growing in central Russia, including in the Moscow region:
- The Agavam. Upright variety, one of the hardiest and frost-resistant: it is this blackberry can withstand up to -40 degrees. In addition, the "Agavam" very fruitful - up to 10 kg per bush annually.
- "Ufa local" is derived from the previous variety. But this blackberry is sweeter than its predecessor, and its yield is even higher. Winter hardiness varieties - at least not worse.
- "Flint". American variety, known for unusually sweet berries that begin to ripen from the end of July. Resistance to frost is gorgeous - withstands up to -40 degrees. The size of the crops is also good - up to 10 kg per bush every year.
- "Darrow" - a popular variety with large sweet and sour berries. It is also appreciated for its resistance to pests and diseases. Frost resistance of such a blackberry is very high: cold below -30 degrees is not a problem for it.
- "Polar". Large-fruited variety of Polish selection. Early: the berries begin to ripen from the end of June. Maintains frosts to-30 degrees. But the variety has a flaw: the plants suffer from winter temperature jumps.
- Chester Thornless is a besshipless variety with large sweet and sour berries. At the same time, it is very winter-hardy, in terms of this indicator it is comparable to the “Polar”. But also "does not like" temperature extremes.
The varieties Gazda, Wilson Airlie, Eldorado and a number of others also have high frost resistance. In addition, the Black Prince’s abundant beloved variety abounds well.
Good wintering pledge
As the indicator of winter hardiness of the garden blackberry was not good, one cannot rely on the quality of the variety alone. The plant perezimuet well only if it is properly planted, and after it is properly maintained.
So, in the autumn the bush needs to be thinned, remove young shoots. Potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil. The root zone is warmed with mulch, sawdust or carpeted. Then the bushes should be bent to the ground, so that in winter they will be under the snow.
In addition, many gardeners believe that it is better to cover even the winter-hardy blackberry before the onset of extreme cold. Unfortunately, in the last couple of decades in the Central, Central Black Earth regions and the Volga region, frosts often hit before the snow cover is established. Accordingly, the blackberry needs extra protection.
What is cumanica and rosyanika?
The Moscow region (and more northern) prefers frost-resistant varieties with juicy, not very large berries, which are represented by upright plants up to three meters high with drooping crown. This is cumanica. There is a great similarity between cumanic and raspberry. This group includes such varieties as Eldorado, Kittatinni, Lauton, Erie, Darrow.
But in more southern areas, where winters are not so cold, creeping varieties, which are united by one name - rosyanika, take root better. The rosanyan can grow up to six meters in length, its fruits are much larger than those of the cumanika.
Frost-resistant blackberry varieties for the Moscow region
To frost-resistant varieties include:
- Agave - one of the best varieties for the Middle Band, perfectly tolerates even forty degrees of frost without shelter, however, with the loss of a small part of the fruit buds. The plant is powerful, tall, so bend it over the winter is not possible, prickly, but unpretentious. As a proof of unpretentiousness - it continues to grow and even successfully bears fruit on a long-abandoned plot. About four kilograms of black fragrant sweet-sour berries, each weighing at least five grams, can be removed from one bush. And if you competently care for this variety, feeding it in time and, not sparing, cut off, then the yield will be at least five kilograms, and the weight of one berry will reach ten grams.
- Darrow - winter hardiness is high, it bears a 35-degree frost without problems. Plant with a powerful, high trunk and thorny thorns. Productivity is good, the weight of one berry is about 4 grams.
- Wilson Airlie - tolerates winter cold, is considered one of the earliest, the ripening of berries begins in July. It has good disease resistance. The plant is tall with straight shoots drooping to the ground, because of this it is necessary to tie them to the trellis. Black and purple berries are not very large, only about two grams, in shape resemble an egg.
Bearing varieties of blackberries for the Moscow region
Blackberries in the wild are impassable thorny bushes. At the mention of the shrub is such a picture arises in the imagination. And precisely because of these qualities, many gardeners do not have a desire to plant this plant in their area. But time does not stand still, breeders are working conscientiously, and blackberry varieties have already appeared with absolutely no thorns, to the delight of lovers of this tasty and healthy berry. Such varieties, of course, are gaining enormous popularity, since they do not cause much trouble when harvesting and caring for plants. Usually these bushes have a strong root system. They calmly relate to the lack of water.
The most famous beshipnyh varieties include:
- Tornfree – first American bshipy variety that appeared in Russia. Of the kind of large-fruited deer, if not cut, it can reach five meters in length. A plant with large, fragrant, very sweet (without a hint of acid) berries weighing up to six to seven grams and a length of up to four centimeters. Fruits become soft when fully ripe, so they have a small shelf life. In the climate near Moscow, this variety requires a mandatory winter shelter. Usually shoots are pressed to the ground and covered with soil or mulch, which in winter will cover the snowdrift.
- Black Satin– crossed several varieties (including Tornfrey) and it turned out to be beshipy Black Satin. When it begins to grow, it looks erect, and later the shoots become drooping and, if they are not cut, grow to 4.5-5 m. A plant with sour-sweet large berries (up to 8 g) does not matter tolerate frosts, therefore it should cover for the winter.
- Apaches are an excellent, dusky variety of medium ripening (from about July) with black, sweet, large (up to 10 g) berries. For blackberries in this class is characterized by very high yield, frost resistance and disease resistance.
This group of blackberries also includes varieties such as Lough Tei, Boysenberry, Orkan, Dirksen, Smutsen, Chester.
Blackberry repair varieties for the Moscow region
Low compact blackberry repair bushes still need a garter to the trellis, when it begins to ripen the crop. The main feature of this variety - a plant for one season gives two harvests. One - in June, it is harvested from last year's shoots, the other - in August, the berries ripen on the current shoots, the harvest is much greater than the first. In the case of full pruning of the shoots for the winter, two harvests will not work, since there will be no last year’s branches, there will be one, but which one! The best blackberry repair varieties: Prime Yan, Prime Arc 45, Black Magic, Prime Jim.
The most famous and most fruitful of the remanufacturing blackberry is Ruben. It refers to the erect blackberry. Shrubs with thick durable shoots up to two meters high bear very large berries (up to 14 grams). This variety is famous for its resistance to disease and frost. Does not show special requirements to the ground, the garter is not needed. Last year's shoots give harvest in June, the current shoots bear fruit from late August to late autumn.
Board#one. If, after fruiting, completely cut all the bushes to the ground, they will safely winter, covered with snow drifts, and in the spring the root system will throw out many new young shoots, which will give only one crop, but very high.
★ The best varieties of blackberry ripening
There are three groups of varieties of ripening blackberry:
- Early. The ripening time of the earliest blackberry is the beginning of summer, June. The berries of these varieties are quite juicy, but not sweet enough, one might even say, sour and not have the proper flavor. But then - this is one of the first berries of the season. The most popular among the early and mid-early varieties include Natchez, Helen, Lough Tei, Arpajo, Asterina, Agaveam, Columbia Star, Karaka Black.
- Medium and medium late. They take the baton from the early ripe blackberry, continuing the harvest period from about mid-July. Harvest these varieties give a more amicable, and the juice from the berries turns out to be more dense and saturated. The most popular varieties: Triple Crown, Bristol, Auchita, Jumbo, Marion, Loch Ness, Black Satin, Lawton, Chachansk Bestrna.
- Late. Mid-August - ripening harvest on late blackberries. Berries go in preservation or on juice. The most popular varieties: Navajo, Chester Thornless, Texas, Chokeberry.
Well-Known Blackberry Varieties
These varieties include Tornfrey, which appeared more than fifty years ago. Of course, it has a number of advantages: lack of strength, which means ease of cultivation, good yield, early ripening, unpretentiousness, winter hardiness, etc. In the industrial cultivation of blackberry - this is one of the best varieties.
Older blackberry varieties are prized because of their long-standing acclimatization. But after all, there are many new varieties, sometimes even superior to the old ones in their qualities, which are grown in local nurseries. Such varieties are better adapted to the climatic conditions of the growing region, tolerate transplantation better, as a result of which they begin to bear fruit faster. To the time-tested varieties can be attributed to the blackberry Agave, which was described above.
The newest varieties of blackberry
Breeders around the world are making truly leaps and bounds in the development of new varieties. If before the new items appeared mainly in America, now other countries are pleased with new kinds of blackberry.
For example, the Karak Black variety came to the world from New Zealand. This variety can rightly be called an ordinary miracle and the most promising of the newest varieties. Cara Black is a super early variety, and the berries ripen and ripen on bushes until late autumn. They are just huge! The weight of one berry reaches 30 grams! For taste, you can put "excellent", sweet and very juicy. Despite their succulence, have good transportability, respectively, are of commercial interest. It tolerates drought very well and is immune to any diseases. The bush is quite compact, with small (up to 3 m) lashes, with few spikes. The only drawback is not tolerating frosts. But if you properly cover the rods that bend well and do not break, then there will be no problems with wintering.
But the most enormous fruit is the Natchez variety, a new breeding product bred in the state of Arkansas. The bushless bush of a semi-standing form is very convenient to lay for a winter shelter in a trench. Berries reach 4 cm in length, ripen in late June. The taste is excellent, even not reaching maturity, the fruit is still sweet with a pleasant cherry flavor. Very well tolerated transportation, and if you add super early maturation here, then commercial interest is evident.
The most popular varieties from this group are: Lucretia, Thornfrey, Eldorado, Erie, Izobilnaya, Agavam, Smustem, Boyzen, Chokeberry, Texas.
How to prepare the ground for blackberries in the Moscow region?
The ground for planting blackberries should be prepared. The lightness of the soil and good drainage are the main indicators, as the stagnation of water in the ground is not for blackberries. Cumanica prefers loamy or sandy soil. Rossiani has less requirements for the soil - even heavier soils will be suitable, so long as they are fertile. In any case, if the earth lacks the necessary substances, this, of course, will affect the taste of the berries. For example, a lack of potassium will entail an excess acid of the fruit and their insufficient juiciness.
The soil under the blackberry requires fertilization at least once a year, it is usually done when the blackberry begins to bloom. The correct fertilizer will give the plants vitality and increase yield. But overdoing with dressing is also impossible - excessive food will negatively affect the blackberry.
Tip # 2. It requires regular loosening of the soil, removal of weeds, periodic watering. In general, everything is as usual.
Answers to frequently asked questions about blackberries
Question number 1. How to water the blackberry?
Despite the fact that the blackberry does not like the stagnation of water in the soil, it should be watered abundantly when the fruit is tied and the ripening period begins. The lack of water will lead to the shredding of berries, they do not gain the necessary juiciness and sweetness.
Question number 2. Can I put a blackberry near the fence, will it have enough sun?
Indeed, for the climate of the Moscow region sunshine is an urgent problem. But the fence here, in principle, nothing to do with. On the contrary, there are advantages: landing along the fence, firstly, eliminates the need to make a trellis, and secondly, will serve as a hedge.
Mistakes gardeners when growing blackberries in the suburbs
Blackberry is a heat-loving plant, it is not so easy for her in the Moscow region climate. I don’t really need to help her in particular; the main thing is not to interfere, and not to make mistakes in the care, namely:
- Watering with ice water. Well or tap water is absolutely not suitable for watering blackberries. In principle, not the water itself, but its temperature. Do not use too cold water, let it be rain water or heated for the day in a barrel.
- Burns berries sunshine due to lack of shelter. If you don’t be lazy and apply a blackberry field when the berries ripen on it, you can avoid sunburns of tender fruits and preserve their presentation and quality. This will help stretched along the bushes pritenyayuschaya grid, for example.
- Forcibly bending down thick stems for shelter for the winter. This can lead to obliteration of branches and the destruction of the bush. Do not bend down by force. But how to protect them from frost in the climate near Moscow? All last summer month you need to hang some heavy object on the crown of the shoots. The branches themselves will bend under his weight. It will only cover.
Choosing the best winter blackberry varieties
Blackberry resistant varieties – very popular in home cultivation because of their taste, beneficial properties, resistance to frost, diseases and pests. There are quite a few such varieties. We bring to your attention the most popular frost-resistant grades of blackberry.
This variety of blackberry more than a hundred years ago was bred in America. This is a straight-growing variety with powerful, tall (1.8-2.2 m), prickly bushes. The spikes are big, slightly curved. The shoots of the plant are erect, thick, with drooping tops, and thin branches can even grow horizontally. Elevated shoots can live for two years (in the first year they grow, and in the second they bear fruit and then die), and the underground part has a multi-year one.
Annual shoots are green (in autumn they become purple-red color), with large thorns, and two-year-olds are red-brown. The leaves on the bushes are dark green, five-leafed, with finely serrated edges. The flowers are white, large, collected in straight racemes. Blackberry berries Agave large, 3-4 g, dense, bluish-black, shiny, juicy and very tasty. In the berry brush 10-12 berries. They begin to sing at the end of August - in early September. The variety is famous for its absolute frost resistance (tolerates temperatures down to –40 ° C), high yield (it can produce up to 10 kg of berries from one bush per year) and resistance to various diseases.
Fresh berries are stored for quite some time. It is the most enduring and cold-resistant variety of blackberry, its bushes freely winter over the shelter. To blackberries Agaveam generously fruited, plant it in a lighted place, with loamy soil, at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other. Agaves very aggressively spontaneously multiply root suckers, and can also do this by the tips of the shoots, but they are quite difficult to bend down for rooting and poorly rooted.
It is vigorous, with straight and strong stems (supports should be placed), a little-studded blackberry variety. Stems plant biennial. Blackberry fructifies in the second year, and immediately after the fruiting is recommended to cut the stems. In addition, you need to root the side branches to 2-3 internodes. The flowers are white, large, collected in straight racemes. The leaves on the bushes are dark green, five-leafed, with finely serrated edges. This variety is suitable for mechanized assembly of berries.
The variety ripens relatively early, from the beginning of August until the end of September. The berries are large, 5-7 g, round, glossy, black, sweet-sour, dense consistency. They are stored for a long time, and are suitable for trading on the market fresh, and for freezing, and for preservation. Well transported. The yield of blackberry varieties Gazda quite high. The grade is allocated with high frost resistance and endurance to various diseases and wreckers. Prefers lit places and fertile loamy soils.
This is a variety of straight-growing blackberry American selection. Berries are sweet and sour, large (up to 4 g), glossy, black, oblong, juicy, dense flesh. The shoots are strong, thorny, erect, with lashes 2.5-3 m in length. Finger leaves, dark green, decorative. The ripening of the variety is average, and the ripening period lasts for a month and a half. In blackberry varieties Darrow yield is dictated by the conditions of cultivation and the age of the bush, each year gives more and more yield.
From one bush it is possible to collect about ten kilograms of berries. Blackberry darrow is grown most often on trellis and supports. In the fifth or sixth year, the bushes give up to ten pieces of offspring. At one place without transplanting a blackberry darrow can grow up to ten years. The variety is resistant to diseases and pests and is very frost-resistant, able to withstand up to 34 ° C frost.
For planting blackberry darrow, choose lighted areas and fertile loam. This variety is very demanding of light, especially when shoots begin to grow vigorously and the fruits ripen. Berries are used in fresh and processed form (juice, jam, compote, jelly, marmalade, dried), and excellent tea is obtained from the leaves.
This is a variety of Polish selection, bred in 2008. Shoots straight, powerful, without thorns, 2.7 m in length. The leaves are dark green, melkopilchatye along the edges. The berries are dense, shiny, large, black, oval lined form, 9-11 g in weight, sweet in taste and fragrant. The variety is early ripe and bears fruit for a long time. Berries ripen at the end of June. With one blackberry bush can collect 5 kg of berries. Blackberry varieties Polar resistant to various diseases and pests, suitable for mechanized processing.
High frost resistance (withstands temperatures down to -30 ˚С). Berries are easily transported, able to withstand long shipments. They are used fresh, suitable for freezing and preservation. Planted better in the period from early March to mid-April. Place for planting choose lit, with drained loamy soil.
This blackberry variety is a perfect seed of the Agave variety, but surpasses it in sugar content of berries, yield and, possibly, in frost resistance. Breeding varieties still ongoing. The flowers are white, medium, numerous, collected in straight racemes. The leaves are dark green, melkopilchatye along the edges.
The berries are black, shiny, dense, about 3 g in weight. The taste of the berries are sweet, with a pronounced blackberry flavor. Landing places prefer lighted and fertile. The variety is extremely winter hardy, with tolerance to various diseases and pests, of medium ripeness. Berries are used fresh and suitable for freezing and preservation.
The representative of the early ripening varieties of blackberry. Berries ripen in July. Shoots are upright, but as the plants grow, they lean lower to the ground and therefore they need to be tied up. The flowers are white, numerous, accumulated in straight racemes. The leaves are dark green, melkopilchatye along the edges. Small berries, about 2 g, shiny, black-purple color, egg-shaped.
Blackberry varieties Wilson Airlie hardy to disease and pests, endowed with high winter hardiness, suitable even for Siberia. Places for planting is best to choose the sun, the soil - fertile loam. The berries are good fresh, suitable for freezing and processing.
Blackberry - a plant that will decorate the garden and give a bountiful harvest of tasty berries
BlackBerry has various names in the people - kumanika, rosyanika, azhina, ezhen, chill, sarabalin, turquoise, dereza. This culture is not yet very widespread in our gardens, although it could please its owners with an annual abundant harvest of large, tasty berries.
In the wild we grow about 50 varieties of blackberry. It is distributed almost everywhere except in the extreme North. It is also popular in Europe and America.
Experts conditionally distinguish two main groups of blackberry: cumanic and rosyaniki.
Cumanica - plants with upright stems, breeding root suckers.
Rossianiki - plants with creeping stems, breeding apical buds and only one - offspring. Some gardeners called rosyanut earthen blackberries.
Almost all of them are not hardy. Winter-hardy blackberry varieties appeared only recently.
For the first time, Americans introduced the blackberry culture in 1829. Breeders by breeding the best wild varieties have created several large-fruited varieties. Some of them were named after breeders, for example, Lagan's blackberry - Laganova berry. Its berries, giants, reach 5-6 cm in length and 2 cm in diameter.
Our eminent scientist I. V. Michurin created the creeping blackberry variety Izobilnaya. But until now, blackberry in our country is not even regionalized as a garden culture, but is found only among enthusiasts in amateur gardens. But it has a lot of advantages.
In a culture, large-fruited varieties are bred as fruit and ornamental plants. Their berries are juicy, sweet or sour-sweet, pleasant taste, fragrant, very tender.
Unlike wild varieties, hybrids bear fruit at an earlier date, with the fruiting period stretching out for a long time. In straight-growing blackberries, annual shoots are pentahedral, bulging on the ribs and with a furrow along the edges, pubescent with glandular hairs. They are partially covered with a waxy coating. After pruning begin to branch. Thorns straight, small, slightly broadened at base. The color of the shoots is light green, by the fall - red-violet.
Blackberry flowers with a diameter of 3–3.5 cm - open white or pink with ovate petals and a small stem. The flowers are collected in inflorescences - panicles, consisting of 10-15 flowers.
For the harsh conditions of the Leningrad region there is a good winter-hardy variety. Agawam (Egoeam). He bred in America more than a hundred years ago. Introduced variety to us in the last century. Agave berries, like those of wild-growing blackberries, are bluish-black with a bluish bloom, consist of large bones. They are large, dense. The variety Agaveam can withstand temperatures down to 40 ° C, it is the hardiest variety of blackberry.
On my Karelian Isthmus, this blackberry grows 18 years in a sunny place, but it grows well in partial shade. Blackberries never froze and gives a guaranteed annual harvest. The variety is self-fertile, resistant to anthracnose shoots and leaves, rust and stem cancer. The green shoots in the second year become brown, bear fruit and die. I pinch the tops of all young replacement shoots when reaching a height of 1–1.5 m. As a result, at the top of each shoot, 4–6 lateral branches 70–80 cm long grow to fall. It is on them that the main crop of berries is formed next year. If necessary, high branches can be mounted on supports.
Blackberries are a good honey plant. It blooms in June. Berries ripen in early August for 2–2.5 weeks. The crop yield is medium to high. With good care, frequent watering berries larger and sweeter. They are stored fresh for a long time. Blackberry leaves complex, pyatilistochkie with a corrugated surface, pubescent and with finely serrated edges. The central leaf is broadly oval, with a long sharpened apex and a heart-shaped base. The underground part is perennial. Elevated shoots live for two years. In the first year they grow, in the second they bear fruit and then die off.
Reproduction. Blackberry breeds more easily than other berry bushes. Her late flowering protects the plant from damage by spring frosts. Propagated by root shoots or root cuttings. Dig up the bush. Cut the root into pieces 10–15 cm long and not less than 0.5 cm thick. Place the cut cuttings into the grooves 10 cm deep. Sprinkle with humus soil, pour, compact. Blackberries are planted in late August - September before frost or spring. Fruiting begins in the second year after planting. Seed propagation is also possible. At the same time all maternal qualities are preserved. Low natural germination of seeds can be increased by applying scarification (partial mechanical or chemical destruction of the hard shell) and stratification - treatment with low temperatures.
A suitable substrate for sowing seeds is peat or wet sand. Cover the seeds with a layer of 5–7 cm of the substrate. After stratification, when the second true leaves begin to develop, transplant the seedlings one at a time in pots or in a permanent place. Plants derived from seeds begin to bear fruit in the third to fourth year. For the cultivation of blackberries are suitable for a variety of soil types, except sandy and marshy.
Very interesting are the blackberry hybrids with raspberry Tyberry and Thornless. Tyberry called the English blackberry. It forms a tall branchy shrub with long branches and luxurious large dark green leaves. Every year in spring and autumn I make Taberi fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers, mulching plants with compost. I’m not warming them for the winter. For 18 years, they never froze at me, and the berries grow elongated up to 5 cm, they are tasty with a fragrant pleasant smell, healthy and large, not at all similar in taste to raspberries or blackberries. Tayberry branches reach a height of 3-4 meters and require support. The branches directed along the wall or lattice form a very picturesque picture, especially when they are covered with berries. The only inconvenience is that the branches should be pruned after fruiting, as they die off like raspberry or blackberry plants.
Thayberry breeding is very easy - just pin the end of the branch to the ground. She quickly takes roots and gives a new escape. Seed propagation is described above.
Thornless - It is a vine with a length of branches up to 5-7 m. I grow it along the border of the site. As the branches grow, I twist them around the fence, creating a beautiful hedge. Her leaves are large, strong, beautiful. On their background, large black berries - balls look good. Elsewhere there is no hedge.There Thornless grows like a covering plant - forms a solid impassable carpet. With the help of her spines, she creates an impassable border between adjacent areas. This plant is propagated in the same way as Tiberri.
Frost-resistant hybrids, like ordinary raspberries and blackberries, are used for medicinal purposes. For the preparation of dietary and medicinal drinks berries, together with the stalks, pour boiling water and infuse. They are recommended for the treatment of atherosclerosis and hypertension.
In folk medicine, use both raw and dried leaves and berries. At home processing berries use the same recipes as for raspberries - make juices, jam, marmalade, jam, fruit juice.
I am convinced that many gardeners will appreciate the described frost-resistant hybrids of raspberry and blackberry and put them in their gardens. I wish you all success!
Winter-hardy varieties that do not need shelter
Among the blackberries, which can survive the cold even without sheltering it for the winter, it is worth noting the following varieties:
- Agave. Srednerosly shrub with upright shoots not higher than 3 m in height. The stems are very strong, not bent, covered with sharp spikes. The crop ripens in the middle of summer, sweet berries weigh up to 5 g. Fruits in 15 years after planting. The variety is unpretentious to the soil, tolerates drought and frost well up to 40 degrees, but needs good lighting in order for the berries to mature.
- Polar. Low, upright and bushless bush (up to 2.5 m) with early fruiting. Large berries weighing up to 12 g ripen in early July. With one bush can collect 5 kg. Resistant to diseases.
Additional shelter blackberry Polar can increase its yield twice - up to 8-10 kg of berries from the bush.
Hardy blackberry varieties that require shelter
Among the varieties of blackberry, which tolerates the climate near Moscow with its mandatory shelter, such varieties are very popular:
- Darrow. Powerful shrub with thorns fruits medium berries no more than 4 g each. When frost above 35 degrees requires shelter.
- Chester. Semi-detached bushless bush with high yield, sweet and sour berries weigh up to 8 g each. It tolerates frosts up to 26 degrees.
- Oregon Thornless. Creeping shrub with long, up to 4 m shoots without thorns, which are easy to lay under the shelter. Berries large (9 g), with sour. It winters without shelter in cold weather up to 29 degrees.