But just the other day, under the drizzling rain, I decided to transplant old raspberry bushes to a new place for rejuvenation. For these purposes, I took that very shovel and dug holes for new bushes. But with the digging of old, I had to tinker. But the trouble was not at all in this. After some time, the reinforced shovel works cracked. At first, I thought that I had cracked, as usual, the cutting, but when I cleaned the shovel from the clods of earth, a crack opened that covered almost the entire central part. I had to say goodbye to the Chinese "rail steel".
After such a failure at the dacha, I decided to again run through new alternative inventions. I have already written about some of them, but this time I decided to insert for clarification videos with reviews of the capabilities of these hand tools, so to speak, in action. As they say, it is better to see once than not to read once.
Garden Cultivator "Mole"
This is probably the most famous invention of recent years. About the spade-mole we have already written on the site. So you can read in more detail about the device and technology digging there. In the meantime, I advise you to watch the video "Mole" in action, at least three times gain in time and quality. But I already wrote that this invention is not suitable for all types of soil, and besides, the weight of the device is not for everyone to do. This design has many variations that were invented by inventors from different regions of Russia. But not all of them, unfortunately, are suitable for digging fat loam or turf.
Shovel with a wheel
So I called, with your permission, this strange realization of the invention for digging the soil. More precisely dump. The handle is supplemented with a bicycle wheel, and the soil part itself is offset from the center. The video explains everything in detail. Land as we see from the video, dry sandy and easily taken even hoe. Only now whether this structure will withstand the fat, moist chernozem? We write your ideas, advice recommendations.
The site has a review about the flat cutter. For tillage, a large flat cutter is suitable. But the method of tillage is applied only superficial. High-grade beds will be difficult to do. Personally, having worked with a flat-cutter for myself, I understood one thing - such a device is well suited only for the point tillage (weeding and loosening the soil.
Another flat cutter, but not Fokin
In the late 80s, my parents had such a flat cutter, which they used to weed potatoes. The same design continues to create different home inventors. Again, I would like to note that the flat cutter is suitable mainly for weeding and loosening the soil, and not for digging under the bed.
The unusual combination of two seemingly incompatible devices in one tool allowed creating a very useful tool. However, it seems to me that performance should not be expected from him.
No, this is not a deadly wind, but an unusual construction, which can also plow a vegetable garden. But for a full digging, it still does not fit. Although the authors of this video
At the end of the article I would like to inform you that it is necessary to be wisely choosing the new equipment, even manual ones, carefully studying and testing the strength of the tools that you are going to purchase. It is also worth noting that the quality of the materials from which modern manual fixtures are made to work in the country leaves much to be desired. Are you ashamed of you, gentlemen producers?
P. S. This year I am doing the following experiment. I buy Excavator, a steel bayonet spade (a metal spade of unknown origin could not stand, read about it at the very beginning of the article) and Fokin's large flat-cutter. During the whole season I will operate these devices in full force, and at the end I will report the results.
Forks for digging the land: varieties, tool benefits
The question, which is more convenient for digging the land - a shovel or a forks digger, does not have an unequivocal answer, because every gardener should try with his own hands both, and make his own choice.
Nevertheless, there are several reasons to choose the second option. Garden pitchfork is lighter than a shovel at least because of the design. And, then, when working with them, gardeners manage to do more and get tired less.
The ground almost does not stick to the teeth, unlike the shovel.
In addition, the process of digging up root crops is accelerating - the earth wakes up between the teeth, and the potatoes or beets can be immediately dumped into a wheelbarrow, rather than choosing from the earth with their own hands.
The blade of a shovel, cutting the ground, cuts and everything in it is the same potato. When digging forks damaged root crops will be less, and earthworms do not suffer.
Forks - quite a diverse tool. In total there are several types of forks:
- pitchfork shovel
- for hay
- telescopic forks.
The most versatile are the classic four-teeth so-called garden forks, with slightly curved teeth and a center of gravity mixed downwards.
Due to this displacement, it is convenient to hold the forks when carrying heavy loads. The standard fork is about one and a half meters long.
They can do almost all garden work for the pitchfork, and therefore it is this variety that is the basis for subsequent modifications.
Forks for digging with wide flat teeth, also used for digging beds and collecting other root crops. The number of teeth in such forks can reach up to eight.
Sometimes an additional handle is attached to them at the groove level, which facilitates the work with the lever. Pitchfork-shovel - a relatively new type of agricultural equipment. They have an additional fixed frame with teeth.
When digging, the earth rises with one row of teeth and passes through the second one, which makes it possible to loosen clods with a tool, and not with your own hands.
Pointed forks have sharp, thin teeth. They can be chosen for loosening light soils when applying organic fertilizers.
Compared to others, manure pitchfork has a deeper bucket, which ensures a one-time carrying of a larger volume of manure or humus.
The harvest forks are characterized by the presence of small metal balls at the ends of the teeth. This design allows you to collect roots from the ground without damaging them.
Separately, mention should be made of forks for hay. First of all they are characterized by completely different teeth.
They are long (up to 70 cm) and sharp, which allows you to grab a larger volume of hay or straw at a time. In addition, usually forks for hay very long stalk.
The total length of the instrument can be up to two and a half meters.
Curb or floral forks are used to work in a flower garden or flowerbed. They can also be selected to loosen the soil between plantings.
Telescopic forks allow you to adjust the length of the handle. It is also an import novelty in our market, but the manufacturer promises a quality nozzle of the best steel grades and cutting regulation in the range of about 20 cm.
Spade with oval holes
Spade with holes - A handy tool in the garden and in the garden plots. This tool is used during the digging of tubers and digging the earth, loosening of individual sections of soil.
This shovel has a pointed bucket of 210 x 280 mm in size with narrow oval-shaped holes made in it. Thanks to these openings, the lumps of soil do not stick to the bucket; large roots and stones are retained when digging.
This greatly facilitates the work, since it is not necessary to often bend down and remove everything adhered by hand from the bucket. In addition, because of the holes, the shovel has less weight, and when working on large areas you will be less tired.
This shovel is convenient for digging the garden with any kinds of soil, as it digs and loosens at the same time. The tool is made of hardened steel and covered with a protective layer against rust.
Spade Tip Forks
Pitchfork-shovelhave, in addition to the teeth of conventional forks, one located on the edge of the bayonet. This tooth is different from the rest of the greater width and sharpness.
The tool is indispensable when digging heavy types of soil, as its design allows you to not make a lot of effort at work. The bayonet of this shovel easily enters the layer of earth, and behind it the rest of the teeth.
In the process of digging, for example, potatoes, the vegetable remains on the forks, and the ground slips back. You do not need to bend over and pick up the potatoes with your hands; you can transfer them to the wheelbarrow with one hand movement. In addition, vegetables are not damaged, as when working with a shovel.
Usually, pensioners work at the dacha plots, people are elderly and not always strong in health, so the question is, the better to dig the ground in the country, it sounds sharp.
When working with such forks, there is no need to sit or lean often, the strength of the arms and shoulders is involved in the work, and the loin is not loaded. For older people, this is a very important moment. The less you get tired, the greater the scope of work master.
Tornado collapsible designwhich is convenient when transporting the tool. It consists of:
- central metal rod
- turning knob
- working part with sharp teeth. It is noteworthy that the teeth are counterclockwise. All parts of the tool are connected with bolts and nuts.
During operation, the tool is placed vertically with the teeth in the soil, then it is turned with a handle a full turn. The teeth are completely submerged in the ground, and the effort is minimal..
Some gardeners call this cultivator female shovel. This is due to the fact that to perform the work does not require much effort.
Spade Tornado - is a multifunctional device for tillage. With this tool you can perform the following actions:
- Loosen the soil in the garden.
- Dig up areas for planting.
- Treat the soil around trees and shrubs.
- Remove weeds from the soil.
- Weed between the rows of beds.
- To clean the beds, pick up dry grass and garbage.
The design of this tool consists of two forks working towards each other. The former take over the soil and dump it on the second pitchfork, thanks to which the soil is dug up and loosened, and the clods of earth are broken on the rods. At the same time it is not required to bend and break lumps manually.
The width of the ground at the shovel is about 40 cm, and the depth is up to 30 cm. This digging device allows you to capture large layers of soil, breaking them at the same time, without much effort. In addition, digging, you also remove the weeds, throwing them aside, again without effort and tilting.
Flat cut Genius
In this article, several original tools and abilities are considered, but before choosing what is the best way to dig the ground, let's talk about another tool, popularly called “Genius”.
This flat cutter has a metal blade with four cutting teeth on the edge and a convenient wide handle. "Genius" in the work is able to replace the usual shovel, glanders and pitchforks. Ploskorezom can be cut and clean turf, weeds and dry roots.
It is convenient in work between rows of beds, on flower beds and with shrubs. The tool can clear and prepare areas for planting.
When loosening the soil weeds are removed along with the root, which allows you to forget about them for a long period. In addition, the soil layers do not turn over, which keeps the microorganisms needed by the soil, and moisture, along with nutrients, in place.
It is easy to work with “Genius”, its design does not carry the load on the spinal muscles when working, which allows you to work longer and get less tired.
Before you dig the ground, make sure that the height of the tool fits your height. Best of all, when the height of the cutting below your shoulder is 10 cm, if it is an ordinary shovel. In other cases, measure by the elbow bend: the height of the tool should be at the bend level.
What is a miracle shovel for digging the earth
A shovel for the lazy (as the described device is often called) is a peculiar ripper, since she not only digs, but also breaks up clods. This tool has no shovels as such, but the differences from the classic bayonet version do not end there. Her pen is much higher - she ideally should reach the shoulder. Digging the surface of the earth with the help of this tool is much easier than using the classical ripper. Super garden shovel performs the following operations:
- soil loosening
- breaking up lumps
- “Getting” the roots of weeds with minimal damage,
- digging potatoes, carrots and other root crops.
If you are interested in a shovel-samokopalka, then for a start, get acquainted with its structure and principle of operation, otherwise the purchase made may not suit you. Miracle-shovel for digging and loosening the layers of the earth consists of one or two strips with pins, which are movably connected to each other. Some models have a back stop in the design, which makes it easier to dig dense and heavy soil, reducing the load on the lower back. In addition, the design is equipped with forks and lever mechanism.
Tools used in the processing of land
To use the tool to work in the country correctly, you need to know what it is for, because it will be difficult to dig up the earth, for example, with a shovel.
The most necessary tool in the country, of course, is a shovel.
Most often they use engineer, sovok and bayonet, and the latter can be with a round and rectangular bayonet.
Shovels are usually used when you need to collect something (for example, garbage or snow), load, mix or throw. They look exactly the same as the scoop, only larger and with a long handle.
They dig up a hard ground with a rounded bayonet spade, dig up the harvest, and also cut small roots with a sharp end.
Rectangular bayonet shovel is used in the country for digging loose soil.
All types of bayonet shovels are flat and completely vertical, only on the upper part of the bayonet there are curved edges in one direction - for the feet to stop while digging.
Shovels are usually made of steel, stainless steel and titanium. The latter are the best in quality, have light weight and dirt practically does not stick to the surface, but they are not cheap.
The handle of a shovel is most often made of wood. At the end, a Y-shaped handle can be added so that you can make a better effort to dig up solid soil. The main thing is that the cutting should be processed with high quality, without sticking knots and splinters. It is not recommended to buy shovels with cuttings, painted with varnish or paint, as they will slide in your hands.
Another type of shovel - drainage. Already from the name it becomes clear that it is used to create trenches and clean up debris. Its bayonet has an elongated shape with rounded edges and a rounded end.
A shovel used to dig holes or transplant small plants.
Forks, hoes, flat cuts
Pitchfork is another essential tool for giving. You can dig up hard ground with forks with straight teeth, with bent and long folded hay, and with short and bent ones to work with compost.
They often dig up vegetables with pitchforks, as they are less likely to be cut, as well as remove loose garbage.
A chopper (hoe) is also among the important tools for the garden and the garden. It is used to remove weeds, hilling plants, loosening, breaking up lumps and creating furrows. The design of the chopper consists of a cutting on which the tip is mounted at a right angle.
When buying a hoe, pay attention to the blade, it should be at least 2-3 mm thick.
Ploskorez is a tool for the amateur, someone other than him does not use any other tool for the dacha, but someone didn’t like it at all, especially the owners of very solid land. It looks like a metal bracket attached to the handle.
It is very important to buy the original of this tool, and not a fake, which absolutely nothing can be done.
Fans of the flat cutter and its creator recommend before using this tool for working the land in the country, to read the instructions for use, as well as watch videos.
Rakes in the country and the garden line the ground after digging, break up earthy clumps, collect garbage.
Metal rakes are produced with straight and twisted teeth, as well as various widths. Rakes with straight teeth will be easier to collect debris, and with twisted to loosen the ground.
The fan rakes are used only for cleaning, for example, grass and foliage.
Secateurs, delimbers, garden shears
The common feature of these tools for home and garden is a sharp blade. All of them should leave behind a neat cut that does not harm the plant.
Loppers - a tool for cutting thick branches. On it both edges are ground.
Secateurs have bypass and thrust. In the bypass one blade with a notch, and the second convex. So pruning shear young branches. Thrust pruner has one blade, and the lower part is made in the form of an emphasis. It is used for cutting dry branches.
Garden shears are a tool for trimming shrubs. They create from bushes masterpieces in the form of various balls, pyramids or other figures.
Choosing secateurs, pay attention to the manufacturer, as it is better to buy Finnish, Swedish or German tools.
Saws, hacksaws, knives
Garden saw and hacksaw will help clean the old bush or tree. For any saw, the main requirement is a smooth cut. After cutting, there should be no bark or chips sticking out in different directions.
A saw size is strongly influenced by the size of the teeth, the smaller they are, the smoother the cut will be.
Garden saw and hacksaw have a rounded end so as not to damage the tree while cutting a branch, and also tapers towards the end.
You should always keep a knife at your dacha and be sure to be very sharp. They can, for example, harvest or clean the wound on a tree before treatment.
It is possible to loosen the ground not only with a shovel, but also with a cultivator.
A manual cultivator is a few rotating discs (usually made in the form of asterisks) fixed to the handle, and a special knife for trimming the roots. There are with different widths.
You can purchase a gasoline or electric cultivator. They are produced in different sizes and capacities. Lighter ones are used in small areas with soft soil, while heavy ones can be used on hard soils, with many different attachments attached to them.
Small and other tools
Be sure to have at the cottage sets of small tools. They are always needed to work with seedlings and transplanting small plants.
You will also need the following tools:
- watering cans of different sizes for point irrigation,
- hoses and sprinklers,
- gloves: thin rubber and very dense, for work with thorny plants,
- wheelbarrow (trolley) for transportation of various cargoes (land, compost, bags, crops),
Unusual tools for tillage in the country include a light-dig and a farmer, a farmer.
A lightweight is called a miracle tool for giving, because they can dig up the ground several times faster, while spending much less power and not straining their backs.
Externally, it looks like a wide fork, but with a curved handle, in order to lean at once with both hands. The handle is made of a hollow tube to lighten the weight of the tool.
There is also a special step (pressure plate) on which you will need to rely with your foot.
The width of the car is 60 cm and the height is 135 cm.
The whole structure is powder coated to protect against corrosion.
The tool for the garden and the dacha "Farmer" replaces several types of equipment at once (forks, shovels, rakes), and also facilitates the work, as you can dig without using hands.
There are special adjustments on the instrument to change the destination.
Garden tools storage
Any garden tools for home and garden must be properly stored, then he will be able to serve for many years.
Preparation of the instrument for storage consists of several stages:
- cleansing from dirt, grass or other debris,
- drying (every part of the tool must be thoroughly dried, so the wooden parts will not rot and the metal parts will not corrode),
- lubrication of metal tools with oil.
Hacksaws, pruners, saws are best kept in covers. If there are petrol saws or cultivators, it is recommended to drain the fuel.
An important role is played by the way the instrument is stored. It is desirable that each instrument was suspended.
Storage should be completely dry and dark.
In order not to waste time searching for the right tool, you need to make or buy special organizers and shelves for storage.
The organizer board has long been used in the kitchen, in the office and for storing garden tools, it also works great. It has many cells in which you can put a small tool. Thanks to its small construction, it can be hung anywhere.
Wall garden organizers can have not only cells, but also shelves. There are also boxed organizers with a large number of boxes.
In principle, most organizers can be made by hand.
For example, wooden pallets can be used to store large and long tools (shovels, forks). In order that the pallet does not fall, it is better to fix it to the wall.
Different hooks also help to keep the tool. The hook takes up little space and can be attached absolutely everywhere.
On the rack with cutouts it will be convenient to store tools with different handles (for each tool you can make the corresponding cutout).
To the time in the country always pass in pleasure, choose a tool that is right for you. Pay attention to its quality and price, so with a low price tool can not be of high quality.
Observe safety precautions when using sharp and cutting objects. To properly use a complex tool, always read the instructions.
How does it work
Miracle digging noticeably facilitates work in the garden or in a suburban area, with the main load not on the back, but on the legs (when the fork is pressed into the ground) and hands (when the forks are turned out of the ground). The back during work is almost not loaded, the more it is in an upright position. Efforts to plow several hectares of land (whether it is black soil or another type of soil) will be required less than when using a spade bayonet. The procedure is as follows:
- Grasp the cutting, place the wonder-shovel, supporting it on the front ripper.
- Next, bend the forks into the ground so that the backstop touches the ground. If necessary, press down on the crossbar of the front fork, as soil can be heavy, dense.
- Pull the stalk of the hand cultivator towards you. Forks with this action rise, pass through the forks of the front stop and break all the lumps of earth.
- Drag the device back slightly, then repeat all the steps again.
Types of wonderland shovels for digging the earth
If you are interested in such a smart shovel, then check out what options you can find on sale. You can buy the interested tool in Moscow, St. Petersburg or any other city of the country in a specialized online store with delivery by mail. Be sure to replenish your garden tools with such a miracle device, you will appreciate it in the midst of work in the garden. To facilitate the processing of beds, you can purchase one of the following options:
- Archimedean shovel,
- Miracle-shovel potato digger.
The sharp teeth of the forks of this type of device easily penetrate the ground, making it easier to loosen and cultivate the garden. Wonderful forks increase the speed of digging and relieve from heavy loads. The depth of cultivation depends on the length of the bayonet, and on the efforts of the gardener. If you have not decided on a purchase, the Excavator Spade Excavator can be a suitable option for you:
- model name: Excavator-6,
- price: 1366.1 rubles,
- characteristics: material of manufacture - metal, dimensions - 490x540x150 mm, processing width - 48 cm, teeth - 6 pieces,
- pluses: it is intended for deep digging in 25 cm,
- cons: the tool can not be used for processing virgin.
Buying another no less quality construction of the same category will cost you a bit cheaper:
- Model name: Super Excavator 7,
- price: 721 rubles,
- characteristics: dimensions - 50x15x57 cm, 7 teeth, 2 handles, material - metal, total length - 55 cm, weight - 5120 g,
- Pros: cheap, good build quality,
- Cons: hard walking on the ground.
For digging and facilitating the processing of vegetable gardens and suburban areas, you can order such a wonderful device, like the Mole spade. It has a bayonet depth of at least 25 cm. The pothole can be immediately used for planting vegetables. Before placing your order, read the offers of several outlets. Promotions or sales will allow you to buy the right product at a discount. One of the variants of the Spade of the Mole is:
- Model name: KROT-B Forged,
- price: 990 rubles,
- characteristics: one handle, single-band digging width - 550 mm, material - steel, loosening depth - up to 25 cm,
- Pros: acceptable cost, excellent depth of loosening,
- Cons: Suitable mainly for loose soil.
If the described products did not suit you, check out the characteristics of another option:
- model name: KROT-M,
- price: 1152 rubles,
- characteristics: dimensions - 52x38x11cm, weight in the package - 2 kg, width of the digging - 420 mm,
- advantages: strength, speed,
- Minuses: only previously processed land digs easily.
Pitchfork samokopy and wonder-shovel facilitate processing, speeding up the process of land preparation. However, the speed will be affected by the width of the forks. The Archimedean Shovel, which has a small foot lever in comparison with the bayonet counterpart, is very popular among site owners. While pressing it with his foot, the blade of the device flips up a certain amount of earth. Detailed description:
- model name: Archimedean shovel,
- price: 1200 rubles,
- characteristics: weight - about 1.8 kg, there is a double reduction foot lever, the handle has a lower part with a 38 cm long cone,
- advantages: ease of construction, strength,
- Cons: It is somewhat more expensive than some analogs.
The miracle shovel Plowman - an indispensable garden equipment of Russian production, became widespread. The basis of working with it is the principle of the lever system. Thanks to the lever, you can get more effort on the short end with a much smaller applied force on the long. Shovel Plowman - an effective assistant in the garden. One of the product options:
- Model name: Plowman 350 mm,
- price: 990 rubles,
- characteristics: loosening depth - up to 20 cm, grip width - 35 cm, length of soil treated at one time - 20 cm, material - hardened steel, weight - 4.5 kg,
- Pros: high performance, no load on the back,
- cons: heavy, difficulties in transportation.
Another miracle shovel "Plowman" has a large width of loosening, but also costs a bit more expensive:
- Model name: Plowman 430 mm,
- price: 1150 rubles,
- characteristics: loosening depth - 15-20 cm, processing width - 55 cm, frame length - 93 cm, width - 43 cm, weight - 6 kg,
- advantages: large processing width, excellent strength,
- cons: difficulties in transportation, bulky.
Such a manual cultivator as a tornado shovel is very popular. Its presence will help to solve the problem associated with the annual cultivation of the soil. The main thing is to choose the optimal purchase and decide on the appropriate length of the cutting, which in most cases is purchased separately. A good purchase for you can be this option:
- Model name: Tornado wonder shovel,
- price: 1488 rubles,
- characteristics: package size - 90x40x14 cm, weight - 4825 g,
- Pros: build quality, ease of use,
- cons: bulkiness, a lot of weight.
It is impossible to imagine the life of agriculture without a shovel for digging the earth. Without it, do not do any gardening work. Since ancient times, our ancestors used an “digging stick” made of money that came to hand.
Now, this is an improved tool that is produced at enterprises from special materials. To work with heavy and solid soils, titanium is added to the alloy.
For convenient work and smaller expenses of efforts the product is made with ergonomic handles.
The main three components of a common shovel:
- fixing part (tuleyka)
Cloth (tray) - the lower, main part of the tool that performs the work of transferring, clearing or digging the soil. For easy immersion of a shovel in the ground, in the upper part of the canvas is offensive. In the manufacture of canvas, bent at a right angle, its upper part - offensive. While digging and pressing on it with a foot, a shovel easily enters the soil.
The fastening part (tuleyka) is the connecting part, located between the blade and the spade handle. Tuleyka usually comes bundled with the web; they can be one piece (whole stamping), and can be fastened to each other with special fasteners (rivets).
Handle (stalk) - this part of the tool with which the workflow occurs. It is usually made of wood, plastic or aluminum.
Where and how to store garden tools
After the summer season, it is necessary to prepare a place for long-term storage of garden tools and equipment. For this, rooms with good ventilation and low temperature are suitable. If such premises are not available, you can wrap all inventory in a dense synthetic material and remove it under a homemade awning. Synthetic material will protect from the sun, rain and rodents.
Miracle shovel, digging for the garden, a device for digging - on video:
How to make yourself
Making your own forks is quite difficult. It is better to at least buy a metal part, and then install it on the cutting.
Nevertheless, enthusiasts for making everything with their own hands can find on the Internet and recommendations on how to make forks. However, it is necessary to take into account that this is an extremely time-consuming process, and a grinder, a metal drill and a welding machine will be needed.
For the first option, you need to choose a quality steel bar with a diameter of 10 mm. It is cut into pieces with a length of 25-30 cm future teeth.
The minimum number is 4, but for digging more convenient tool, which has seven or eight teeth. Teeth need to be slightly bent and hand sharpened at one end.
The crossbar, to which the teeth are attached, is made of a cut of steel pipe. Drill holes in the pipe according to the number of teeth, insert the teeth, weld to the crossbar.
The groove for inserting the cutting must be welded to the side opposite to the teeth of the crossbar.The handle is made of wood and ground at one end for easier connection with the groove.
After the cutting is inserted into the groove, it is fastened with screws.
Such forks are suitable for digging the land and harvesting potatoes.
Also it is easy to make a spade forks with your own hands. To do this, you need to collect one more forks, with the number of teeth one less than that of the main forks and a square frame.
To the groove for the stalk at the main fork, you need to attach the holder, to which the square frame of the second fork is movably attached. Due to the mobile fastening, the possibility of digging is achieved.
But, please note again, this fork is not for harvesting.
A simpler version of the pitchfork with your own hands can be made from wire. Steel wire with a diameter of 6-8 mm cut into pieces of thirty centimeters.
Each piece is whipped from one end to sharpness. Weld with non-sharp ends on a steel bar, on the side opposite to the teeth, weld a groove for the handle.
It can be made from a piece of old pipe.
Shank (thin oak bar or other solid wood) to grind and polish, process varnish. Insert into the groove and secure with a screw or nail. We are ready to have one more garden fork, but because of the thin teeth, they are not suitable for digging, but they can collect hay, dry tops, and compost.
Principle of use
Proper use of the forks greatly facilitates all garden work. First of all, we are talking about teeth, their fortress must correspond to the task.
It is impossible to use pitchfork with thin teeth for digging, since in the best case only minor aeration of the soil will be achieved, but there is a great risk of breaking or bending the tool.
To a lesser extent, the correctness of use concerns the cutting, but even here for loosening, a shorter cutting is needed, for weight transfer, a longer one.
In addition, the universal rule for agricultural equipment: the length of the cutting should be on the shoulder of the worker. In this case, the salvation can be a telescopic pitchfork, which is perfect for those truckers who have the whole family love to work in the garden with their own hands.
How to choose a miracle shovel for digging the earth
Decide on the design. If you are looking for a less bulky option, then give preference to a model without a front stop. True, its presence improves stability during operation. Pay attention to the width of the working part.
The best option is considered 45-60 cm - you should not choose more, because this will complicate the digging process, and productivity will drop. The length of the working pins should be 220-300 mm, and the distance between them - 70-80 mm.
Before buying, make sure that all the structural elements are durable and their connections are reliable.
After a brief search, I purchased the Mole miracle shovel. In action, I experienced the very next day.
The selected device has accelerated the process of tillage almost 2-3 times. In addition to high performance, I will highlight practicality and convenience.
By cons I'll take the bulkiness and the fact that the tool is more suitable for loose soil.
To speed up and facilitate the process of digging on the recommendations of friends and acquaintances ordered on the Internet a miracle shovel "Plowman".
I liked that during the processing of the earth the load on the back is minimal. True, the design is bulky, heavy.
It copes well only with those areas where the grass does not grow.
Keep the suburban area in good condition and grow various root vegetables on it is very difficult. The whole process takes a lot of time and effort.
In this regard, I acquired the "Super Digger 7". With him, digging up the soil is much faster, and his back does not hurt.
Although, the construction is harder on virgin and ground land.
Pitchfork for digging earth - device, types and purpose
Forks for digging the land are indispensable in gardening when the ground needs to be loosened after digging or fertilizing with organic origin is made. You can also prick the soil with a pitchfork to better saturate it with oxygen.
Garden pitchforks can be divided into three main types:
- blunt forks for digging up various root vegetables,
- forks-shovel for digging and loosening of heavy soil,
- Pointed forks for mixing and soil application of organic fertilizers.
Choosing this garden tool, you need to take into account the shape and length of its handle, since the convenience of working with it and its functionality depend on it.
It is also worth paying attention to the material manufacturing its teeth - they must be made of high-quality hardened metal and coated with an anti-corrosion composition.
By their functional purpose, the forks are divided into the following groups:
- Harvesters are designed for cleaning and carrying hay, dry grass and humus. They have four long teeth, which can be flat, faceted or round. With this tool, harvests of root crops are collected, mowed grass and weeds are removed from the site.
- 4-horn manure forks are designed for cleaning and transporting manure to flower beds or flower beds. Their bucket is durable and deep, allowing you to carry large loads.
- Coping pitchfork is a necessary tool for the gardener, which facilitates the digging of various fruit crops. They have a straight tooth for easy digging up the soil.
Many experienced gardeners use forks also for digging the garden, because earthworms live in the soil, providing natural aeration of the earth.
When a shovel is used to loosen a vegetable garden, the worms often fall under its blade and die. Forks do not allow this.
And the wet earth does not stick to them as much as to a shovel.
And some gardeners often use forks for digging potatoes, since it’s convenient to pick up the tubers with their teeth, shake the ground off them, and then shift the peeled root crops to buckets or garden cart. Thus, the potato crop enters the storage shed more clean and tidy.
What materials are the garden forks made of?
On each garden plot the soil has its own characteristics. It is easy to dig up and soft earth.
But the solid clay soil is much more difficult to handle, but it is necessary to do this, since many plants and flowers in the garden are capricious and whimsical and require special conditions for growth and development.
Pitchfork made of mild steel, can not withstand continuous operation, they are likely to bend or even break.
Therefore, for processing heavy soils, the tool must have a working surface of high-strength carbon steel.
For processing soft earth and fertilizing suitable tool from tool steel, covered with anti-corrosion paint.
You can buy ordinary garden forks with stainless steel worktops for collecting and transporting hay, leaves, and tops of plants, but they cannot be used to dig the soil or carry weights because of the weakness of the metal.
Anti-corrosion coating will allow your garden tools not to be afraid of water or wet soil. Such models do not need special care or storage conditions and will last for decades.
Garden Pitch Shanks
Convenience of working with forks depends not only on their working part, but also on the handle. The length of the cutting should correspond to the height of the person, and meet the tasks for which this tool is taken.
For loosening and digging the soil, models with short cuttings 110–120 cm long are suitable.
To work with organic fertilizers or manure, for raking the hay and forming stacks, it is better to purchase models with a 150 cm handle.
A great influence on the performance of the forks have materials manufacturing their handles.
Made of wood with its lightness and strength is not very durable, as they become heavy and rot from excessive moisture or eventually crack and crack from the sun. It is important to pay attention to their lacquer coating and evenness of the surface.
Plastic cuttings are lightweight, resistant to water and weather changes, but they are not very strong and often do not withstand constant and heavy loads.
Handles made of metal - the most reliable and durable, with them you can dig up hard soil, raise large quantities of compost, manure and other fertilizers.
But such a tool is rather heavy and expensive.
Gardening tools for tillage: how to choose
Each present owner should have a full arsenal of gardening equipment for running a country farm. Forks and shovels, flat-cutters and choppers, rakes and rippers: the first of a series of articles on garden tools is about them. On the tools for tillage.
Whatever work you do in the garden - weeding, digging, loosening, etc. - almost any of them will require not only physical effort, but also the availability of different tools.
Choosing the right ones, you will not just complete your gardening tools, but also greatly facilitate your work. Spade - the main tool for deep tillage, which is always useful not only in the garden and in the garden, but in general in the household.
However, before choosing a shovel, you need to figure out exactly what you need it for. Yes, many of us, having only one shovel in the household, do not even suspect that for each type of land work there is a type of this tool.
And a properly selected shovel will help save a lot of time.
There are many types of shovels: bayonet, shovels, sweepers (drainage), shovels and earth shovels, shovels for digging trenches and shovels in the form of a crescent, as well as hand drills and scrapers, which are also considered shovels.
But for agricultural needs of all this diversity, only the first 3 are used: bayonet, soviet and sweep shovels, the differences and the purpose of which we will talk.
Therefore, it is irreplaceable, especially if you simply have nowhere to store a large amount of inventory, which, you see, is not uncommon in small summer cottages. Spade can be standard size and smaller - lighter, curb, which will undoubtedly be appreciated by women. The “lightweight” version of the bayonet spade is an automatic shovel.
Due to its design, it will relieve you from tedious tilts, which means that the load on the spine will be much less, and work will become much easier. Regardless of the size and type of bayonet shovel, the main thing is that its edge should always be sharpened, and the curved edge gives the leg a good support: this will also greatly facilitate your work, believe me.
The drainage shovel has a narrow, long working blade, slightly curved edges and a rounded tip. Such a shovel will be an ideal assistant in the sometimes difficult task of transplanting small shrubs and planting different flowers.
In addition, the drainage shovel is very convenient to clean the existing trench. Also, it is simply indispensable for digging trenches intended for carrying out irrigation systems, electrical wiring for the site, etc.
Not intended for digging the soil and digging trenches and holes sovok shovels are indispensable in working with various bulk materials - sand, gravel, snow, etc. The family of shovels is one of the most numerous and “variegated”. So, a shovel can be: rebate, or, as it is called, sand, snow, universal ("American"), bread, potato, and even an ordinary garbage scoop is also a subtype of a shovel.
The shovel is pretty high edges that are bent at right angles. No matter what kind of shovel you decide to buy - bayonet, shovel or sweep - the first thing to consider is the material from which the blade is made. It would be just perfect if titanium.
The only drawback of such a tool is its rather high cost. Well, if the blade of the drainage and bayonet shovel will be made stainless steel. Such a shovel will serve you for a very long time, and its cost in comparison with titanium is acceptable.
Not bad if the spade blade is done from ordinary steel, but note that it will have to sharpen more often. In addition, it will resist corrosion, and therefore care for such a tool will have to be very carefully. AND completely undesirableso that the blade of the drainage and bayonet spade was performed from aluminum, even if the top is covered with super-resistant anti-corrosion paint.
Believe me, such a shovel will last you very long. As for shovels, here the situation is somewhat different. Depending on the type, the working canvas of a shovel can be made of steel, aluminum, plastic, wood (for example, a bread shovel) and even plywood - a snow shovel. The size of the working plane of the bayonet spade, marked with the letters "LU", is 21x26 cm.
And the comfortable length of the cutting is no more than 130 cm. Classic shovel (also called digging), marked with letters “PL”, has a working plane size of 195x260 mm, and its cutting length should not exceed 110 cm. The working plane of the drainage shovel should be equal to 12x27 cm, and its cutting length should not exceed 85 cm.
Stalk of any spaderegardless of the type must be made of well-treated wood, absolutely smooth to the touch: only in this case there will not be a splinter on your hands.
The dimensions of the working plane of different shovels, depending on the manufacturer and type, may slightly deviate in one direction or another. In addition, you should not blindly adhere to the recommendations regarding the height of the spade, all individually.
For example, if your height is 155 cm, it is unlikely that you will be comfortable working with a shovel, the cutting height of which is 130 cm. A shovel that is approximately 10 cm below your shoulder is considered optimal. When choosing a shovel, pay attention not only to its size, but also to weight. Ideally, a shovel should not cause you to overvoltage in the muscles, i.e. should not be too heavy.
Used for digging and loosening the soil, cleaning the territory, moving various materials and even picking root vegetables, garden forks can also be called a universal gardening tool. And, surprisingly, it is often not only to remove weeds, but also to dig up a plot much more comfortable with forks than with a shovel.
Forks are distinguished by the number of teethwhich, depending on the purpose, may be from 2 to 4:
- Two-hind pitchfork used for deep loosening of the soil and harvesting hay.
- Three-Hog Pitchfork apply for deep loosening and even for digging the soil.
- Four Horn Pitchfork are the most popular and there are several types: ordinary, curb and floral. Conventional chetyrehrozhkovye forks are used for loosening and digging the soil, spreading organic fertilizers, collecting root crops, as well as carrying debris. Curbing forks are used to remove weeds between rows. And with light, compact, with short teeth, flower forks it is convenient to care for shoots.
In addition, there is another view - potato digging forks. their peculiarity is that special rubber tips are put on large flat teeth to protect potato tubers. After removing the tips, these forks can also be used to collect root crops, carry garden debris and spread organic fertilizers.
If you want a garden fork to serve you more than one season, Choose all-carbon carbon steel forks.
The length of the cutting, as well as that of a shovel, should be 10 cm below your shoulder, but not higher than 120 cm. A cutting that fits tightly in the neck of the nest along its entire length will provide forks additional strength.
It is desirable that it should not be made of metal or plastic, which slide in the hands, but from well-treated wood.
The most popular tool for weeding, hilling, aerating the soil and even creating small planting holes and furrows is a hoe. She, undoubtedly, is in each country economy. But not every owner knows about the huge number of species and even the names of this tool.
The names we are used to — chopper, hoe, catmen, polo, and even a flat cutter — these are all kinds of hoes. There are trapezoid and triangular hoes, which differ in the shape of the angles and the width of the blade, and each of these tools has its own purpose. For example, a hoe for loosening heavy soil and digging is quite a powerful tool with one or two blades.
Triangular hoe use for weedingIt is low and has sharp corners. With its help it is very convenient to make V-shaped furrows during sowing of seeds.
Have hoes for hillingon the contrary high bladewhich is almost at a right angle beveled around the edge.
Combined hoe with a double-sided working surface (chopper on one side and a fork on the other) can be used not only to make V-shaped grooves, but also more traditionally - for hilling and weeding.
There is even special lawn chopperwhose blade is rounded. With its help, you guessed it, it is very convenient to cut the edges of the lawn, but you should not use it for weeding and hilling.
Before you buy a chopper, decide what exactly you need it for. If it is hard to decide, take a universal tool, then you definitely will not lose. And note: in addition to the fact that the hoes are distinguished by purpose, they are different in size: the working surface can reach a height of 15 cm and a width of 10 to 25 cm. The length of the cutting of the hoe should not exceed 140 cm, and the cutting should ideally be made of smooth wood.
Another important tool for tillage is the rake. They will help you not only perfectly loosen the soil before planting, but also level it. Rakes are wooden and metal. Wood are rare today, and they are too easy, which makes them difficult to work with.
Therefore, if you intend to remove not only hay and fallen leaves with a rake, but to level and even harrow the soil, it’s better to give preference to the metal rake. But remember: the rake of metal can also be different - in quality. It will be just fine if you give preference to the all-metal rake, and worse, if their main part is riveted, that is, consisting of several parts.
Besides that rakes are metal and wood, they can be:
- stamped straightwhich are used for leveling the surface - soil, pebbles, sand, etc., as well as for collecting various garden waste. The width of their working surface, depending on the manufacturer, can vary from 30 to 60 cm,
- stamped, the teeth of which are turned to the side, and the width of the working surface can reach 60 cm. Such rakes are intended for harrowing the soil,
- nailedIt is convenient to collect fallen leaves, cut grass and scatter various natural fertilizers.
The width of the working surface for such rakes, also depending on the manufacturer, can vary from 40 to 65 cm. By the way, the width of the rake is not such an insignificant selection criterion as it may seem at first glance. So, the wider the working surface of the rake, the faster you can cope with the task, because with such a tool you can capture the largest possible area.
In addition, there are rakes ordinary garden and fan-shaped.
And they are distinguished as follows: the garden rake has rather wide and rounded teeth at the end, and the fan (lawn) rakes, on the contrary, have thin teeth arranged like a fan.
Garden rakes are indispensable in the process of leveling the soil. The fan rakes are designed for cleaning the garden: collecting fallen leaves, cut grass, etc.
In addition to our usual shovels, hoes, rakes and forks, there are not so popular, but no less useful tools that will greatly facilitate your work.
The cultivator will help you loosen the soil in the beds and in the flower garden - an uncomplicated hand-held tool that will become a real helper for every summer resident.
Rippers, depending on the manufacturer, can have from 3 to 7 teeth with a working width of 10 to 30 cm. One of the important indicators of the quality of a manual ripper is the weight of the tool: it should not be too heavy or too light. Therefore, before you purchase a ripper, compare several models and select the most convenient one.
Another tool is a manual marker, which is used in garden beds and in flower beds to mark rows.
Markers are of two types: notchedmarkup wells, and slattedWhich is used for marking furrows.
The marker can be made of wood or metal. Which one of them to give preference to - you decide.
With the help of a manual drill, you can easily make wells for seedlings and do not disturb the soil structure, because you simply extract a part of the soil, thereby obtaining even landing pits of the same depth. The length and design of the drill may vary slightly, but the purpose remains the same.
Loosen the soil before sowing the seeds and mix fertilizer with the soil, prune the root system of weeds and destroy the earth crust, thereby adjusting the air and water regime of the earth - there is nothing easier if you have a hand cultivator.
It is a steel nozzle fixed on a long handle, on which, in turn, 4 rotating disks are fixed (most often they are made in the form of asterisks, therefore the cultivator is called star) and a special trimming knife. The width of the working surface of the manual cultivator, depending on the model and manufacturer, varies from 6 to 16 cm.
To bring the manual cultivator into action, it is necessary, slightly pressing on the tool, to hold it on the soil surface. The discs prune the roots of the weeds and together with the special trimming knife loosen the ground.
As for the material from which the cultivators are made, it is usually ordinary or structural steel. In the second case, the products are better and more durable, but they are much more expensive.
Here it is: the miracle of technology
The above tool is a combination of a ripper and the most ordinary forks. Such a shovel works on the principle of a lever. Its main details are:
- front and back support,
- ripper forks,
- forks for digging.
If you only look at such a device, you will not immediately tell how to handle it. Therefore, it is difficult to describe it.
If you read the user reviews, the miracle shovel becomes an understandable tool, and it is clear that there is absolutely nothing difficult in this unit. part of it is the traditional forks that we are all used to.
A handle is attached to them, and a backstop mechanism from different sides. One more forks are in front. They, together with the main "brothers" converge in the castle. Their main goal is to break up lumps of earth.
If the soil is rammed or clayey, this process is quite in demand. Attached is a front stop mechanism to the ripper.
Thanks to him, the shovel is stable, and the whole device resembles scissors: they crush large earthy clumps into small lumps. They, in turn, are quite easy to level using ordinary rakes for garden work.
Miracle spade mainly work on large plots of land, but you can wield it in small areas. The miracle shovel, the photo of which can be viewed in our article, speeds up digging and makes this process much more convenient.
Miracle Spade "Mole" is a gardening tool with a harmonious and uncomplicated design. It includes a frame, two counter forks and a horizontal support.
There is a foot rest on top, so the forks are easily driven into the ground. When the pick up ground rises, the force is put down. Mole is designed to eliminate the load on the back.
During the work with a wonderful shovel "Mole" it is not necessary to lift anything. It is only necessary to press the pitchfork with your foot into the ground, and then press down on the cutting with your own weight and hand force.
In this case, the shovel will twist the ground, and the counter forks - knead it lumps. Weeds and land will rise to the surface.
"Mole" can dig up only previously plowed soil.
Do it yourself
You can buy a miracle shovel in any agricultural store, but if there is no such opportunity, then you can make it yourself. To do this, it is necessary to prepare metal blanks, a sharpening machine, a welding machine and a square-shaped pipe.
The first step is to determine the depth and width of the shovel. How long the bayonet will be depends on the goals set by the master (either digging or loosening) and the depth of soil freezing.
It only seems that the miracle shovel is difficult to do with your own hands. There is nothing difficult here. If you need to build a device for loosening, then enough bayonet length of ten centimeters.
What will be the width of the miracle device depends on your own preferences. The best size is 50 centimeters. Then everything is done strictly according to the instructions or drawing, which are easy to find.
Acquire or not
There are quite a few debates about whether or not to buy a miracle shovel. Indeed, along with its advantages, there are also disadvantages. Therefore, before a miracle shovel appears in your house, the price of which ranges from 1,200 to 1,600 rubles, weigh the pros and cons of this purchase.
So, the following facts can be attributed to the shortcomings of the tool: the impossibility of performing figure digging so that the work is productive, a person’s weight is not less than 80 kilograms, there is no possibility to dig holes, repairs are rather difficult during breakdowns.
But this is all nothing compared to the fact that the miracle shovel is suitable for any soil, reduces physical activity, has reliability and ease of use and increases the speed of digging.
Who says what?
To prove the truth of our words, I would like to give some feedback (a miracle shovel gets them in abundance) from people who have already tried it in action.
Many argue that even though they use this tool throughout the season, they do not feel the strain on the spine.
Those who have already tested this device, always recommend it to their friends and relatives, and those, in turn, do not get tired of thanking them when they realize what a valuable acquisition they have made.
Miracle Shovel Manufacturers
This tool is an invention of domestic manufacturers. The import market does not produce such devices, since the Yekaterinburg clergyman, Father Gennady, became the developer of the first wonder-shovel.
And the first person who made the instrument mass-produced was the private businessman A. N. Bessonov. Also produces shovels company "Mezon", located in Chelyabinsk.
The Volber plant specializes in the manufacture of tools based on the type “Mole”.
A variety of tools for the garden
Working with the land is not an easy task. For this reason, it is extremely important to choose the most convenient inventory, which is capable not only to some extent independently carry out the necessary amount of work, but also significantly alleviate its implementation. There are many modern solutions for more comfortable doing agricultural work. The main ones are:
- spade with oval-shaped holes,
- forks with a tip from a shovel,
- spade equipped with a rudder
- electric shovel, etc.
Below we consider only some types of tools for gardening and land works.
Spade with oval-shaped holes
This device with holes is an easy-to-use tool in the garden and in the household plots. This device is used in the process of digging potatoes and digging the soil, loosening certain areas of the soil.
This unit is interesting in that it is equipped with a pointed bucket sized 210 by 280 mm with narrow oval holes drilled in it. Due to these holes, lumps of earth do not stick to the bucket, and when digging in it large stones and roots linger in it.
These features of the device significantly facilitates the work, since it is not often necessary to bend down and manually remove all stuck from the bucket. In addition, because of the holes, the device has less weight, so when busy digging in large areas the worker will be less tired.
Such a unit is convenient for digging a plot with any kind of soil, since it simultaneously digs and loosens the ground. The tool is made of hardened steel and has a protective anti-corrosion layer.
This tool is literally indispensable when digging heavy varieties of soil, because its design makes it possible not to make too much effort during operation. Fork-shovel has, in addition to the usual fork teeth, one bayonet, located on the edge. This protrusion differs from others in more sharpness and width. The bayonet of this device effortlessly enters the layer of soil, and behind it the remaining teeth easily fit there.
When digging up, for example, potatoes, the fruit will remain on the forks, and the ground will slip back. You can not bend over and pick the tubers manually. They are easy to immediately transfer from the unit to the car in one motion. In addition, vegetables are not damaged, as it happens when working with a shovel.
Usually, work in suburban areas pensioners, that is, people are elderly and not always in good health, for this reason, the question is, the better to dig the ground is acute.
When operating such forks, there is no need to repeatedly bend and turn. The work involves mainly the muscles of the shoulders and arms, while the lower back is almost relieved of the load.. For older people, this is a crucial moment.. The less they get tired, the greater the scope of work can be mastered.
Homemade tool with a wheel
For those who are interested in the speed of digging, the invention of one person who belonged to the category of people who live on self-sufficiency and only thanks to the cultivation of the land and the cultivation of cereals, vegetables and fruits will help. It's about monks. One of them is our contemporary living in one of the modern monasteries, the monk Gennady.
His invention became known thanks to one of the programs on central television, where the devotee-inventor demonstrated a home-made shovel-like unit with an interesting design to a wide audience. The upper part of this tool is the usual wheel from the bike. As a result, the monk Gennady received a unique inventory for carrying out garden and garden of the following elements:
- stainless steel pipe with a diameter of approximately 2 cm
- tip from an ordinary shovel,
- device with a spring for regulation,
- bicycle wheel.
The inventor called this homemade unit a manual plow and even gave it the name “Vyatka Plowman”.
This hand-made plow can make it possible to plow the soil many times faster than an ordinary shovel. And due to the swiveling mode of operation, the device does not load the back in the lumbar region. In addition, the wonder-shovel of Gennady’s father is well applicable to dense layers of the earth.
The length of the unit is adjustable, and the bucket, due to its optimized width, is capable of scooping up to 2 times the larger layer of soil compared to an ordinary shovel.Due to the fact that when you turn the steering wheel the ground leans to the side, there is no need to bend down and remove the lumps. This is very convenient when planting crops. People, who suffer from radiculitis, will appreciate this tool.
An inexperienced person may wonder how a shovel can be electric, and what is common between an electric device and a conventional device.
If we talk about appearance, then there is practically nothing in common between a typical snow shovel and an electrical unit, if you do not take into account the long telescopic handle (a similar variant can be found in a hand scoop). Such a holder allows you to work without bending over. However, the difference is big.
It's hard to find a shovel shovel, the working surface of which is not a plane, but an auger, which could be replaced with a brush for cleaning tiled tracks from dust and dirt in warm weather. To some extent, it can also be considered the working plane of a shovel, at least the purpose of it is the same - to throw away the snow, but the performance of automation is incomparable with muscle strength.
A shovel with an electric motor is capable of throwing snow from private tracks up to ten meters away, while the speed of purification reaches 136 kg / min. As we see, even the most dexterous and strong person cannot bring such results.
In conclusion, we note that in the modern market there are a variety of shovels for digging the earth, as well as other solutions to facilitate the work of gardeners and gardeners:
- factory made,
In any case, our contemporaries - lovers of garden land works - in any case will not be left without inventory, which would greatly facilitate their work. Anyone can pick up a tool for themselves and as intended, and afford.