Beekeeping

Processing currants in the fall

Currant is an unpretentious plant in growing. But so that the shrub regularly produces tasty and juicy fruits, it is necessary after harvesting to carry out its transplant and pruning. Processing currants in the fall will be the most useful. It will help keep the soil moist, enrich it with oxygen, and also get rid of malicious pests.

How to care for currants in autumn

It is known that only with the active growth of the shrub a rich harvest is possible. The better seedlings will take root in the first year, the more ripe berries can be collected. Therefore, starting from the first year of planting, the currant bush requires proper care, processing and creation of favorable conditions for subsequent fruiting and growth in general.

To achieve a high yield is possible only with regular tillage, fertilizing with fertilizers, systematic watering and pruning of bushes.

In addition, an important place in the processing of currants in the fall is pest control.

So that the latter do not annoy the shrub, it is enough to properly prepare the soil for the winter: remove all the leaves and process its whole layers, allowing the earth to restore its structure.

Such soil preparation for the next season and additional fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers will not leave chances to pests. Processing currants in the autumn is a must-have procedure for future harvest. As they say, we are preparing a sleigh in the summer.

Preparing the soil for transplanting

Autumn is the most fertile time for planting new currant bushes and transplanting old ones. It is during this period that the soil is compacted and settles slightly, which creates the best conditions for the rapid and maximum growth of seedlings in the spring. So, how to prepare the soil for shrub transplanting?

Currants, especially black, are moisture-loving culture, therefore, for transplants, you should choose a moist soil, preferably in areas with a north-western slope. If possible, choose a heavy loam or medium soil.

The area of ​​planting bushes must be pre-leveled and put in order, removing all debris and freeing from weeds. Remember that the currant loves not only wet, but also loose soil.

Therefore, in the fall, the site is deeply dug up and fed with humus or manure. You can fertilize the land with potassium and superphosphate. Feeding should be carried out in early October. Currant transplantation takes place three weeks after fertilizing the soil.

During this time, the soil will settle, and the pits prepared for planting will settle.

How to transplant currants?

Any garden culture has its own characteristics of planting. Berry bushes are no exception. Proper transplanting currants in the fall is as follows:

  • A pit for shrubs should be dug to a depth of 35 cm and measure 40x40 cm.
  • Before planting the seedling, the well is fertilized with potassium sulfate in the amount of 50 g, several buckets of peat or compost, 200 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium chloride.
  • To plant a bush in the hole must be tilted.
  • After planting, it is covered with earth at the base and watered abundantly.

It should be noted that the currants are planted in rows, the distance between which should be at least 1.5 meters.

What is pruning for?

The treatment of currant bushes in autumn is associated with the trimming of a bush. Such an annual procedure will allow the plant to bear fruit regularly. It is on the young branches, whose age is not more than two years, that new ovaries form, while the old branches die off.

The pruning procedure is as necessary and important as the fertilization of the soil and its irrigation. What is the treatment of currants in the fall by pruning?

  1. This allows you to increase productivity.
  2. The growth of young shoots increases, therefore, the quality of the berries improves. Receiving a lot of light, they become large, juicy, sweet and richer in vitamins than those grown in the shade.
  3. Processing currants in the fall increases the flowering period, which means that the shrub can bear fruit for about twenty years.

The main stages of processing

Pruning shrubs not only increases yields, but also facilitates the work of the gardener. The first pruning of currants should be carried out immediately after planting in the ground, leaving only the lower buds on the seedling. This must be done before the onset of the first frost, in early October. So there will be enough time to heal the cuts, passed the general recovery.

For this you need:

  • Cut off all the old branches with small berries.
  • Thick internal branches pruned.
  • Part of the shrub lying on the ground to remove.
  • Broken and weak branches without pruning pruned.

For the formation of a new young bush will be enough 5-6 branches. Thus, the treatment of currant bushes in the fall by pruning will contribute to the enhanced growth of basal shoots, which means the appearance of larger and more juicy berries. Finishing pruning need for 4-5 years after landing in the ground. By this time, the correct mature currant bush is already formed.

Processing features

The most common berry crop is black currant. Its value lies in the high content of vitamins in the berries, leaves, buds and shrubs. This plant loves moisture and light.

The process of forming a bush is a little different than other varieties. The processing of black currants in the fall is also associated with cutting the branches, but only here there is a specificity.

  • The formation of the fruit takes place on last year's shoots and on the collar.
  • Pruning of black currant is carried out immediately after planting in the ground, but you only need to cut off all the shoots, leaving the three strongest branches with fruit buds formed on them.
  • In the next three years, weak and damaged branches are cut out, mainly with one-year shoots.
  • If the formation of basal shoots occurs poorly, then 1-2 main branches are pruned, thereby stimulating the growth of young shoots.
  • The formation of the bush finish in the third - fourth year. As a result, up to 12 branches of different ages and with young growths are obtained.

Also, black currant needs constant feeding. In the fall to fertilize the shrub need for two to three months. Why it should be done in the autumn period? The fact is that in order for the fertilizer to benefit the shrub, time is needed.

After all, organic substances, such as chicken dung, manure, will decompose within 6 months. And they will begin to influence the currant bush only in March, and the next three months will affect the development of the vegetative mass.

Therefore, it is necessary to cultivate the soil in such a way throughout the year so that it is regularly fertilized and the shrubs receive nutrients.

Protecting currants from dangerous pests and diseases includes a number of measures. But a fundamental factor in the fight against them is the elementary observance of the rules of agricultural engineering. A well-kept garden will prevent the occurrence of pests, and hence diseases. What do you need to do?

The treatment of currants from pests and diseases in the autumn should be carried out according to the following rules:

  • It is necessary to acquire varieties resistant to pests and dangerous diseases.
  • Use both insecticidal and fungicidal preparations.
  • Treatment of currants in the fall from diseases involves spraying the bushes. It is better to do this in dry weather, in the morning or in the evening. Do not process it after the dew, before the rain or after it!
  • Personal protective equipment should be used.
  • Treatment with chemicals and various infusions can be carried out up to five times a season. But the latter must pass 20 days before picking the berries.

By observing these basic rules, you can avoid undesirable currant diseases, such as powdery mildew, rust glass, anthracnose, black currant leaves and others.

How to deal with gnawing pests currants

During the flowering of bushes and the formation of the first ovary, the pale-legged sawfly is a dangerous pest. Females lay its eggs on the top of the branches, and the largest ovary. The larvae that have emerged from the eggs eat the contents of the barely set berries. At the end of the harvest season, the larvae fall out through the hole drilled in the berry and go deep into the soil to hibernate.

When fighting this pest, it is necessary to spray currant bushes twice a season with a solution of bitoxibacillin or lepidocide at the rate of 60 g per 10 liters of water.

An effective method of dealing with sawfly is spraying a shrub with decoction and infusion of plants such as wormwood and tobacco.

Currant treatment in the fall from pests, in particular, from the pale-footed sawfly, involves loosening the soil and digging it. Pre-larvae shake off the bushes on the oilcloth and destroy.

A particularly dangerous pest for currants is the bud mite. It affects up to 80% of the buds of the entire shrub. The kidneys struck by it, get swollen and rounded shape. The leaves turn pale and deform.

All kinds of currants are damaged by currant glass. This is a very dangerous pest. Caterpillars make moves in the heart of the branches. Shoots start to grow poorly, dry and die. To fight this pest in the spring, before the buds wake up, you need to cut off the damaged shoots. They can be caterpillars. The spraying of the bushes with the “Fitoverm” preparation (2 ml per 1 l of water) also helps.

Processing currants in the fall: the best protection against pests and diseases

Autumn harvesting of a currant bush after harvesting involves pruning dry, painful branches, adding minerals or organic fertilizers.

Pruning bushes will help protect the plant in the fall against pests and diseases. Both shoots that have reached the age of 5 and the most delicate and weakened organs are subject to removal.

It is also necessary to cut off diseased organs or organs susceptible to pest attacks.

Preventive measures to prevent diseases currants include spraying berries and soil individuals with a solution of colloidal sulfur or karbofos. Remember that the processing of currants in the autumn - the key to successful cultivation of berries.

Processing rules

It is necessary to process currant bushes after harvesting, following certain rules,

  • First, in addition to removing old and weak branches, you need to get rid of the shoots in which the glass case settled. Such organs are usually sluggish and dry, and their core is black. If possible, it is also worth eliminating organs that were attacked by a kidney tick, as well as covered with powdery mildew and weak young shoots to the very foundation.
  • Secondly, if an “old” bush grows on a bed, it is worth rejuvenating it. However, carrying out the procedure does not need to get carried away excessively cutting organs. If you plan to eliminate a large number of old organs, you need to do this in several stages. That is, pruning costs for 3 years, annually cutting a third of the branches. The cutting place of the thick branches should be treated with garden pitch, and the removed organs should be burned.
  • Thirdly, after pruning has been done, it is necessary to conduct an autumn preventive spraying of the bushes with a solution of karbofos or colloidal sulfur.
  • Fourthly, the choice of substances for the treatment of berry bushes depends on what goal you seek to achieve. Thus, if you want to fertilize the plants and the soil around them, add minerals or organic matter. If you want to defeat a plant's disease or get rid of its pests, treat bushes with protective preparations, for example, karbofos or Bordeaux mixture.

Mineral fertilizers

Compliance with all the rules of growing currants and proper care of it make the plant resistant to any diseases and attacks of pests.

Positive impact on the immunity of the berries timely introduction of fertilizing in the right quantities. For each plant, the dose of fertilizer and the timing of their introduction are individual.

What substances to choose for food of plants to increase resistance of a berry to illnesses and parasites?

If a sufficient amount of fertilizer was applied to the soil when planting a bush, for the next couple of years it is not worthwhile to feed the currants. After a two-year period after harvesting the fruits of the crop, a mixture of potassium and phosphorus should be introduced into the soil. To do this, under each bush should bring a spoon of chlorine-free potassium and double superphosphate in the form of granules.

After that, each individual should pour a bucket of water. If the procedure for fertilizing a plant is carried out during rains, it is sufficient to simply pour nutrients into the ground. All dressing should be scattered around the perimeter.

Additional feedings in the fall may consist of manure with a high content of potassium (a bucket for each bush), a solution of superphosphate and potassium phosphate, or a nitrophoska.

Organic fertilizer

Fertilize the berries and the soil around the bush can be and organic matter. In autumn, currants need to be fertilized for a couple of months. In order for the added nutrients to benefit the plant, a certain amount of time must pass. Organic substances (for example, chicken manure or manure) decompose over half a year.

As a result, substances will begin to operate in March. As a result, the green mass will begin to grow somewhere after 3 months. Therefore, this treatment should be carried out throughout the year, regularly introducing feedings so that the shrub stably receives nutrients.

Pruning bushes as part of the treatment

Before processing the currants with special preparations, the bush should be trimmed. In the first three years after planting thinning currants need for sanitary purposes.

Such a pruning involves the elimination of sick, thin and twisting branches along the ground. More adult individuals of currant are pruned for the purpose of their rejuvenation.

For this purpose, eliminate the old and weakened organs, leaving 4 branches of two and three year old shoots and 7 annual branches each.

Conducting pruning currant bushes, it should be borne in mind that the fruits of red and white berries are formed on the old branches, and black - on the young. The best form of the bush for the red and white varieties of currants - cup-like.

It consists of 5 main stems, cut at a level of 0.2 meters from the ground. Black currant bush should be formed taking into account the variety of berries: either spreading or compact. However, no thickening is necessary. At the same time, old organs should be eliminated near the soil itself.

Such actions stimulate the growth of young shoots.

In the black currant bush, you need to remove the old branches (3-year-old and older) stands immediately after the end of the harvest. Subsequent pruning of other varieties of berries should be carried out during dormancy, when the foliage is completely fallen. Usually this period comes in late autumn.

So, the autumn processing of currants after harvest is multifunctional. It allows you to protect plants from pests and diseases, rejuvenate the old bush and prepare the culture for the winter. Thus, in the spring you can gather a rich harvest of berries.

Autumn processing and spraying currants

With the arrival of autumn after the berry season, currant bushes are treated for possible diseases and pests. During this period, gardeners fertilize the soil at the place of cultivation of berry bushes with mineral and organic fertilizers, loosen the soil, prune, spray from pests. This treatment will save the plants from parasites and will allow to harvest a good harvest next year.

Currant Diseases

In the autumn, summer residents face such diseases of currants:

  1. Spots on the leaves. They can be associated with a disease like septoria, brown spots that gradually lighten to whiteness. If brown spots with a white rim appeared on the leaves, it means that the plant struck chalcosporosis. This disease causes the fall of green leaves. Control measures are reduced to spraying the bushes Bordeaux liquid. It is recommended to carry out treatment 10 days after harvesting.
  2. Anthracnose. The disease is manifested by the formation of red-brown spots spreading on the entire surface of the leaves. Red currant is more often exposed to this disease. The spores of this fungal disease persist in the winter, so it is important to treat it in the fall after picking the berries. It is necessary to remove all the fallen leaves under a bush and treat it with Bordeaux mixture.
  3. Mealy dew. Belongs to the number of fungal diseases, accompanied by the formation of a whitish plaque on the leaves. The defeat of the plant first begins with young leaves, then goes to the old leaves and berries. The treatment is carried out by spraying "Fitosporin" or iodine solution. For the preparation of iodine solution 1 bottle of iodine diluted with 10 liters of water.
  4. Rust. On the leaves, stalks and berries of currants may appear growths of orange color, these are characteristic signs of rust. The disease develops due to an overabundance of moisture. Affected areas of the plant die and fall off. For the treatment of rust is spraying the bush Bordeaux liquid or fungicides.
  5. Terry The causative agent of this disease is the kidney tick. Terry is manifested by the ugliness of the extreme part of the currant leaves. When the disease is neglected, shoots are stretched, the plant is deformed, the flower brush becomes thinner, and scales are formed instead of flowers. To get rid of terry, apply the method of spraying plants with 1% solution of colloidal sulfur. In case of severe damage, several sprays will be needed with a break of 10 days.
  6. Striped mosaic. This is a viral disease, its main feature is a bright yellow pattern around the veins on the leaves. There is no treatment, when a currant bush is infected with a striped mosaic, it is completely destroyed.
  7. Shrinking shoots. The disease is caused by the fungal parasite Nectria ribis, it is manifested by the formation of orange buds on the leaves and shoots of currants. The scalls become larger, turning dark brown. In the absence of timely and proper treatment, the entire hive dies. Finding the first signs of drying of the shoots, the affected branches are cut off. Place cutoff disinfect Bordeaux liquid.
  8. Gray rot. The disease is manifested by the formation of brown spots on the leaves. It is distributed along with wind and rain from infected plants. You can also notice gray decay on the white lumps of mold that cover all ground parts of the currant. The most common disease is white currant. Gray rot treatment is carried out by removing and destroying the affected branches, stems, leaves and fruits. In order to avoid infection with gray rot, it is necessary to remove weeds and dry leaves at the place of currant growth in time, observe the watering and feeding regime.

The development of diseases of currant causes slow growth of plants and poor yield.

The threat to garden currants are not only diseases, but also pests. A berry plant can suffer from such parasites:

  1. Spider mite Shrubs of any kind suffer from this pest. Spider mite infects leaf plates, leaving small white dots on them. Soon, the spots become a marble shade, and the affected leaves dry out and fall. At the site of tick parasites, there is always a spiderweb surrounding the affected areas of the bush. Laying eggs on the plant, the tick slows down the development of currants and makes it vulnerable to other diseases. To get rid of spider mites, shrubs are sprayed with sulfur-based chemical agents - Karbofos, Fosfamid, or colloidal sulfur.
  2. Kidney tick. This parasite can not only leave the gardener without a crop, but also lead to the death of the plant. The pest infects the buds, they become more dense and round, the shoots develop unevenly, the leaves become deformed, the plant blooms poorly, and there are few flower brushes. The same agents are used for treatment as in spider mites.
  3. Currant glass bowl. This parasite has the appearance of a butterfly up to 1.5 cm long, covered with black scales with a lilac shade. Its larvae make wintering passages in stalks. In the spring they pupate and turn into butterflies, and the affected stalks dry out and die. Control measures are reduced to pruning damaged branches.
  4. Currant Zlatka. This beetle is a greenish-copper color, it reaches a length of up to 9 mm. The larvae of the parasite make moves from the core of the branches, descending down the stem. The affected areas dry out and fall off. The larvae hibernate inside the shoots, so it is important to treat the plant immediately after harvest. Infected areas are cut to healthy tissue and burned.
  5. Firestorm. The parasite is a small gray butterfly up to 1 cm in size. Signs of parasitism on a bush are parasitized by spiderwebs and the presence of green caterpillars. Affected shrubs can not be cured of a fire attack. To protect the plant, shortly before flowering, the soil under the bush is covered with roofing material or linoleum.

Shrub processing

Processing of currants in the autumn period is carried out in order to protect the bushes from diseases and pests. With the arrival of spring, not only plants, but also harmful microorganisms come alive.

Processing bushes canopy consists of such events:

  • digging the soil around the shrub,
  • burning of fallen dry leaves,
  • pruning damaged and old branches,
  • preventive spraying.

To properly spray, it is important to follow the recommendations:

  1. For the procedure it is better to choose a cool day. In warm weather, parasites multiply faster.
  2. For reliability, it is recommended to repeat the procedure after 7-10 days.
  3. Before spraying, remove and destroy all damaged - sluggish, old and dry parts of the plant.
  4. To enhance the immunity of the bushes, mineral and organic fertilizers are introduced into the soil.

Currants will become strong and healthy if fertilized with phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients.

Useful tips

Chemicals can be replaced with folk remedies:

  1. Vinegar. For the destruction of pests shrubs treated with acetic acid solution - take 2 tbsp of water in a bucket of water. l vinegar. Means plentifully watered and sprayed currants.
  2. Dry mustard. Mustard powder in the amount of 2 tbsp. l diluted in 3 liters of water. Insist 3 days and process the bush by spraying.
  3. Soda. In the fight against powdery mildew, soap-soda solution is considered effective. At 10 liters of water take 50 g of soap and soda. It is necessary to conduct several sprays with a break of a week.

Conclusion

During the autumn, preventive measures are aimed at strengthening the currant, protecting it from diseases and pests, and collecting a good harvest. If you feed the bushes with mineral and organic fertilizers, you can improve the plant immunity and its resistance to diseases.

Autumn processing and sprinkling of currants Link to main publication

Currant treatment in the fall against pests and diseases

Many owners of dacha plots like to grow currants. Its berries are a source of vitamins, trace elements and many nutrients.

Fruits and leaves are used to treat and prevent many diseases. In order to fully enjoy all the beneficial properties of the plant, it requires proper care.

One of its constituent parts is the treatment of currants in the fall against pests and diseases.

Currant treatment in the fall from diseases

Currant diseases you may encounter in the fall period include:

  1. The appearance of spots on the leaves. They can be of two types: brown at first, and then lightening to whiteness (seporioz), and dark brown with a light rim, eventually leading to leaf falling off (chercosphorosis). Autumn measures to combat these diseases consist of spraying Bordeaux liquid 10 days after harvest.
  2. Drying of currant branches. The cause of this disease may be the appearance of a glass case butterfly. It lays eggs in the bark, then caterpillars appear, which eat away the branches from the middle. This leads to their drying. The implementation of autumn activities for the fight with the glass are pruned all unhealthy shrunken shoots. The cut sections should be treated with garden pitch, and cut branches burned.
  3. Currant anthracnose - the appearance of small red-brown specks, which gradually spread over the entire leaf. Then the drying and dropping of the foliage occurs. This disease is most characteristic of red currants. His disputes tend to remain for the winter. Therefore it is extremely important to remove all fallen leaves from under the trees. After harvesting the berries, Bordeaux liquid is also processed.
  4. Mealy dew. Its appearance is evidenced by a white friable plaque, affecting the leaves and berries. To get rid of the disease, plants are treated with phytosporin, Bordeaux liquid, copper sulphate. All shoots affected by this disease must be removed.

Processing currants from pests in the fall

Currants can be attacked by the following pests: Aphids. It can be of two types: leaf gallic and gooseberry sprout. The appearance of the first is indicated by the appearance on the foliage of blisters of yellow or dark red color. Then the leaves dry out and fall off.

The emergence of gooseberry sprout leads to the curvature of the young branches of the currant. After identifying these pests should immediately spray akletikom or karbofosom. Mite. There are spider or kidney mites.

The first is characterized by the appearance of bright spots on the leaves, which then discolor, and then lead to the fall of the foliage. Kidney mite affects the plant buds and leads to their destruction. These pests are dangerous because they suffer from various diseases.

Chemicals are effective in combating them: colloidal sulfur, phosphamide, karbofos. In the autumn, it is imperative to remove all shoots affected by the bud mite.

Why do you need autumn processing of currants

Autumn processing of currant bushes is the most important event in the care of the crop, which allows preparing the bushes for the upcoming wintering, and get high-quality, healthy and strong bushes in the spring.

Preventive treatment will avoid the appearance of pests and diseases on the bushes in the spring. Therefore, in the autumn it is necessary to process not only sick, but also healthy bushes.

At the same time, in sick bushes it is necessary to cut off all the branches that have been damaged by fungal infections or parasites, burn them, and only after that should they be processed. Otherwise, a viral or fungal infection will remain in the diseased branches, and will cause infection of the entire bush in the spring.

In addition, such bushes worse wintering. This also applies to the fight against insects that can winter in the roots and branches of black, red and white currants.

See also: "The best way to feed the honeysuckle in the fall, after harvest."

Popular and effective preparations and folk remedies for currant treatment

Treatment of currants in the fall for the winter with pesticides is recommended only as a last resort. Most often, the bushes are sprayed with a special sprinkler. If there is no such device, you can use a watering can with a millimeter head. It is possible to process bushes both chemical solution, and folk remedies.

The first method is more effective, but the cost of drugs is quite high. In addition, these drugs can cause time to the soil, bushes and humans. However, if the degree of damage to the bush height, you should not waste time using traditional methods.

Chemicals can quickly cope with the infection, and guarantee the health of the currant in the spring.

Chemical products for processing currants can be purchased at special garden stores or pharmacies. It can be sold as a concentrate, which should be diluted before use in a certain amount of water, as well as in the form of a prepared solution.

The most popular chemicals for processing currants:

  • Burgundy liquid. For the treatment of currants in the fall, a 1% solution of this drug is used. It is used to fight fungal infections.
  • Bordeaux fluid. It is a solution of blue vitriol in lime milk. For the treatment of bushes need to add 40 g of Bordeaux liquid to a bucket of water. Effectively fights with any fungal diseases of currant bushes.
  • Copper sulfate. It is diluted at the rate of 20 grams of the drug per 10 liters of water. Copper sulphate is treated with bushes not only from diseases, but also from various insects, for example, aphids.
  • Urea. For 10 liters of water, you need to take about 300 g of urea to get a strong solution for treating the bushes. Urea is treated with currants to combat fungi and viruses, as well as insect larvae. It is recommended to treat not only the whole bush, but also pour a solution of the soil under it with a solution.
  • Inkstone. This substance even in small concentrations can leave burns on the leaves. Therefore, black iron can be processed currant bushes only in the fall, when the leaves have fallen. It can be used to combat fungal diseases, treating branches and soil near the bush with it.
  • Preparations "Karbofos", "Topaz" or "Vectra." These funds are most often used in modern agricultural techniques. To prepare the solution for the treatment of bushes and the soil under them should be according to the instructions. These agents can be used against most fungal infections, as well as pest larvae.
  • "Fitosporin". It is a natural herbal preparation that is effectively used against various fungal diseases of currants.

For the treatment of currant bushes in the fall, you can use folk remedies. They are distinguished not only by sufficient efficiency, but also by safety, affordable cost and versatility of use. The most effective and popular tools for the autumn processing of currants:

  • Soap. Using a soap solution can destroy the fungal infection. To prepare it, chop the bar of laundry soap and dissolve it in a bucket of warm water. You can also use tar soap. In this case, a bucket of water will require 400 g of this soap.
  • Wood ash. To prepare the solution for spraying, you need to mix 5 liters of hot water and 1 kg of ash. The resulting mixture should be left for 48 hours in a warm place to make it true. Before spraying the bushes, it is recommended to drain the solution. You can also cook and decoction of wood ash. To do this, the components are taken in the same proportion, but instead of infusion, the mixture is boiled for 30 minutes, then cooled and filtered.
  • Garlic. One of the most effective ways to get rid of not only fungal and viral infections, but also the parasite larvae. For the preparation of garlic infusion, you must chop 150 g of garlic and mix with liters of water. Leave to infuse for 2-3 days. Then strain and mix with 4 liters of water. Additionally, it is recommended to add to the resulting infusion 20 g of crushed laundry soap.Infusion should be used for spraying garlic bushes only after harvest, as well as after cutting diseased and damaged branches.
  • Mustard. To destroy the bacteria, fungi and insect larvae on the currants, it is recommended to use mustard infusion. To prepare it you will need to mix 200 g of powder and three liters of hot water. Infuse for 72 hours. Before use, dilute the infusion with cold water in a ratio of 1: 3.
  • Tobacco. Popular and affordable tool that can process currants to destroy fungi, and improve the wintering of the plant. To prepare the infusion, you need to pour 200 g of tobacco with 5-6 liters of boiling water. Leave for 48 hours to insist. Ready infusion filter and mix with 20 g of crushed household or tar soap.
  • Needles. The most simple, affordable and effective method to carry out preventive treatment of currant branches. To prepare it, mix 5 glasses of conifer needles with a bucket of boiling water. Insist throughout the week. The resulting liquid must be drained, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. Use for spraying currant bushes, as well as watering the soil under them.
  • Margartsovka. It is a popular treatment for various cultures of fungal diseases. It is best to pre-cut dry, diseased and damaged parts of the bush, and only after that to carry out its processing.

Folk methods of processing bushes are good because they can be used in any growing season. They do not harm the bush, and do not penetrate into the berries and flowers, having a negative impact on the taste or health of humans.

Therefore, it is best to use them for the preventive treatment of currant bushes in the fall.

However, if there is serious damage to the bush, it is best to apply chemicals that effectively and quickly destroy fungi, infections and larvae of insects that are dangerous to the culture.

Fight against diseases and pests

After the currant bush has completed fruiting, the aisles, the immediate surrounding space and the bush itself should be treated with Bordeaux mixture. For these purposes it is convenient to use a puller (sprayer).

To prepare Bordeaux mixture, dilute 100 g of lime and 100 g of copper sulphate into 10 liters of water until completely dissolved. As a result, you should have a working solution of a characteristic turquoise color.

Treatment with this tool will allow to destroy or neutralize the causative agents of fungal infections. I recommend using the Bordeaux mixture for treating cutting and sawing sites on all garden shrubs and trees.

Urea is also very effective. To prepare the working solution in 10 liters of water, it is necessary to dissolve 300 g of urea. They need to thoroughly spray currant bushes.

Particular attention should be paid to the timely collection and disposal of fallen dried branches and leaves (it is best to burn them). It is in these decaying remains that most pathogens of dangerous diseases and many insects overwinter.

At the end of harvesting, loosen the ground under the bushes to a depth of about 5 cm under the crown (inter-row spacing can be loosened much deeper) and spill it with a slightly pinkish solution of potassium permanganate, Bordeaux liquid (at a concentration of 100 g per 10 l of water) or a solution of copper sulfate (50 g 10 liters of water). Boric acid or the time-tested Karbofos can also be used for processing.

The measures described above should be carried out in dry, calm weather. They will help protect the currants from anthracnose, powdery mildew, rust, aphids, as well as moth moths.

In no case do not perform treatment directly after rain or dew, as its effectiveness will suffer greatly. During spraying, do not neglect the measures of individual protection.

It should be noted the importance for the health of the currant bushes autumn pruning. To carry it out, you must stock up with garden tools such as a pruner, garden shears and a garden saw. Regular scissors and saws for these events will not work.

Before use, the tool must be properly sharpened and sanitized with alcohol, kerosene, or potassium permanganate solution.

Pruning should be done immediately after the foliage has subsided. First you need to remove the broken, dried, weak and sick branches. It is also advisable (but not necessary) to remove thin branches that creep along the ground.

At the end of the main pruning, you can proceed to the formation of the crown.

First of all, they cut down old shoots older than 3 years, as they bear bad fruit, but they consume quite a lot of nutrients. Most of the berries are formed on the shoots aged 1 and 2 years.

Then the branches growing inside the bush are cut off. They intertwine with other shoots and thicken the bush.

Cut the slices with a garden bar or Bordeaux mixture.

After removing the problematic branches, shorten the remaining ones - cut off the tops of the old shoots, cut off the tops of the young ones, leaving no more than 6 buds.

Frequent diseases of currants may indicate a weak plant immunity. It is possible that the diseased bushes do not have enough potassium and phosphorus.

In the fall, evenly scatter under each bush (only move away from the center) and 1 tbsp. l double superphosphate and potassium sulfate (potassium sulfate). After that, spill the bushes with water (12 liters each). You can pre-dissolve these components in water and immediately water the working solution. Do as it is more convenient.

I also recommend bringing crushed wood ash under the currants (1 tbsp. L) to evenly scatter the ashes under each bush. If possible, the introduction of ash combine with digging the surrounding bush soil. In dry weather, watering with an ash solution will be much more effective.

Instead of mineral fertilizers, the land around the currant can be dug up, along with introducing compost into it. In the spring, such nitrogen-containing fertilizing will accelerate the growth of green mass bushes.

All the above steps are important for the health of the currant, which means that their implementation will allow you to collect a guaranteed good harvest.

Mealy dew

Manifested in the form of white spots or plaque on the leaves and berries. Powdery mildew usually likes to appear in July or early August. During this period, it is worthwhile to be especially attentive in order to prevent the defeat of the planted currant.

It manifests itself throughout the summer. Characterized by the formation of reddish spots on the leaves. Over time, the affected branches dry up, the leaves fall off. Such parts of the plant must be burned so that the disease does not spread throughout the site.

Moth butterfly

The firefish lay their larvae in flowers, which causes their death. The parasite can winter in the soil, tolerates even severe frosts. Therefore, in order to avoid problems with currants, the soil should be regularly loosened.

Currants, affected by aphids, look unhealthy - it has red leaves, which eventually dry out and fall off.

From rust well helps the drug "Fitosporin" or Bordeaux mixture. Currants affected by rust, has a convex growths of red color.

Processing time

Experienced gardeners recommend processing in several stages:

  1. The first treatment should be carried out at the beginning of the flowering of currants - in early spring.
  2. The second - during the appearance of the kidneys.
  3. The third - in the autumn, after picking berries.

After picking berries, it requires proper feeding and care. Thus, the plant tolerates a cold winter well, and in the next year gives a bountiful harvest of berries.

Processing of currants is started after harvesting of fruits, following important rules:

  1. In addition to cutting thin and old shoots, should be cut branches, affected by the glass. Often these branches are sluggish and dry, have a black core. Also note that there is no powdery mildew or kidney mite. In this case, the shoots are completely removed, cutting them off from the base.
  2. Old currants should be slightly rejuvenated. When pruning such plants, it is important to stick to the golden mean - do not cut a lot of branches. If you plan to remove a large number of unnecessary branches - it is recommended that you do this not immediately, but in stages.
  3. Such pruning should be done within 3-4 years. A third of the branches are pruned each year. Sections of thickened organs must be treated with garden pitch, the branches must be burned.

Insecticides

Currant love to eat not only people, but also harmful insects. It is necessary to fight pests throughout the summer season, and additional treatments should be carried out in the fall. A huge damage to currants can cause aphid and kidney mites.

To protect the plant from parasitic insects, it is necessary to process:

  1. The first treatment is carried out when the “sleep” kidneys. Treated soil and bushes.
  2. The second treatment is carried out during the flowering period. Such irrigation is preventive.
  3. The third is performed in the presence of pests.
  4. The remaining activities are carried out as needed, necessarily in the autumn period.

It is necessary to watch currant bushes throughout the whole season. In this way it is possible to identify the disease in time.

These funds affect diseases that cause fungi. These diseases include currants:

The first treatment should be done in the spring, as soon as the leaves begin to open. It is this spraying that prevents the occurrence of these diseases. If it was not possible to process in the spring, then such measures should be taken in the fall, after harvesting.

One of the known means, which is tested by time, is Bordeaux liquid. For irrigation use 1% solution.

Bordeaux spraying rules:

  1. Processing of the bush at the beginning of flowering.
  2. Spraying after flowering.
  3. Processing black currants in the fall, after harvesting the berries.

All subsequent processing is carried out as needed. Sometimes, instead of Bordeaux mixture, copper chlorine 0.5% can be used.

Biological means of protection

A safe preparation for spraying currants in the fall is Lepidocide. It copes well with caterpillars. In the case of increasing the dosage, the drug not only destroys insects, but also adversely affects their reproductive function. Thus, the caterpillars will not be able to lay the larvae.

The drug has its advantages and disadvantages.

  • does not harm people and animals
  • quickly affects the causative agent of plant diseases,
  • can be applied by combining with other processing means.

  • short duration of validity (processing should be done once in 7-10 days),
  • inconvenient to use on a large area, pests can have time to move to other plants,
  • cannot be used in the rain,
  • affects only caterpillars.

Another drug that is detrimental to the disease-causing insects is Bitoxibacillin. Only 3 treatments are enough for the season.

  • instant death of parasites
  • combined with other means
  • environmentally friendly drug
  • does not harm people and animals.

The product is sprayed at a temperature not lower than 15 degrees, in dry weather, in the evening.

Disadvantages "Bitoxibacillin" has not.

Mineral fertilizers

If after planting the soil the soil was well fertilized, the currant will not require additional feedings for at least 2 years. After this time, you should return to top dressing. After the fruits are harvested, it is important to fertilize the currants with phosphorus and potassium. 1 st. spoon chlorine-free potassium and superphosphate. After making such dressings currant watered 10 liters of water.

If the processing of currants in the fall is performed in the rain, it is not necessary to water it. It is enough to sprinkle around the granules and slightly loosen the soil. The remaining autumn dressing can be carried out with the addition of manure and potassium, superphosphate.

Organic fertilizer

Feed the soil and the plant can be organic. Black currants are processed throughout the fall. It takes a long time for the dressings to work. Organic matter (chicken dung and manure) decomposes for at least 6 months.

The effect of such fertilizers often comes closer to March, April. After 2-3 months the bush starts to branch well, giving new shoots. These activities should be carried out during the entire summer season. Thus, the plant will receive the maximum amount of nutrients.

Recommendations for the processing of currants after harvest

One of the necessary measures for the treatment of currants is pruning shoots. It is after this that the plant can be treated with special means.

If the black currant is young - up to 3 years, then in order to prevent the plant must be thinned. This procedure involves pruning the thinned, fallen to the ground branches, and adults - pruned in the fall for rejuvenation.

On currants, it is necessary to remove old branches after cutting off all the berries - closer to autumn. All subsequent manipulations are carried out in late autumn. When all the foliage falls on the currant - this is the best time to prune shoots.

Such bushes are much healthier, less susceptible to fungi.

Pests and diseases, fight against them

Protecting currants from dangerous pests and diseases includes a number of measures. But a fundamental factor in the fight against them is the elementary observance of the rules of agricultural engineering. A well-kept garden will prevent the occurrence of pests, and hence diseases. What do you need to do?

The treatment of currants from pests and diseases in autumn should be carried out according to the following rules:

  • It is necessary to acquire varieties resistant to pests and dangerous diseases.
  • Use both insecticidal and fungicidal preparations.

  • Treatment of currants in the fall from diseases involves spraying the bushes. It is better to do this in dry weather, in the morning or in the evening. Do not process it after the dew, before the rain or after it!
  • Personal protective equipment should be used.
  • Treatment with chemicals and various infusions can be carried out up to five times a season. But the latter must pass 20 days before picking the berries.

By observing these basic rules, you can avoid undesirable currant diseases, such as powdery mildew, rust glass, anthracnose, black currant leaves and others.

Features care for currants in the post-harvest period

Unfortunately, not all gardeners know that after the end of the harvesting process of currant berries, caring for the plant not only does not weaken, but, on the contrary, only increases. The opinions of specialists regarding the measures that should be implemented in the autumn period vary greatly, but, in general, several general measures can be distinguished:

If you carry out each of the above activities correctly and in a timely manner, a healthy plant for the next year will delight you with a rich harvest. Further, in more detail about the features of the implementation of measures for the care of currants in the autumn.

Pruning currant bushes in the fall is a mandatory process that must be carried out with a sharp garden tool (a regular pruner or garden shears will do). Removes all damaged or diseased shoots and branches, as well as root shoots. It is mandatory to remove all the branches lying close to the ground or turned inside the bush. Cut off the plant parts should be removed from the site or burn.

Regarding loosening the soil, the views of gardeners are divided. Supporters of organic farming prove that the soil around the currant bushes in no case can not be loosened, because this can damage the young roots of plants located close to the ground.An alternative option is soil mulching.

Some gardeners believe that they should not leave the tree trunk and tin the soil under the bushes, sowing it with grass.
As for autumn dressings, they must contain superphosphate and potassium chloride in their composition. Additionally, you can make a little manure, but only after the stable cold weather is established, and currant shoots will stop growing at that time.

Council It is better to refrain from introducing nitrogen-containing feedings during the autumn period, as this may provoke unnecessary and excessive growth of shoots, which will lead to a decrease in the hardiness of blackcurrant bushes.

For additional protection of the plant with the onset of winter cold, try to make a neat oak bark bedding that will protect the root system of the bush from drying out and frost.

Processing plants from pests in the fall

Although currant needs some processing in the autumn, it does not need any special chemicals at all: it is only important to properly prepare the soil for wintering (with the turnover of the reservoir), which will allow the soil to somehow be updated and become at the same time prevention from many pests.

So, the processing of currant bushes should be carried out in dry and fairly cool weather. In this case, the protective equipment will not be washed off with water from the plant, and cold air will prevent the growth of bacteria.

As protective agents for currants, you can use as ready-made complex preparations, such as Bordeaux liquid (1%), copper oxychloride, karbofos, etc. If you want to avoid using artificial chemicals, you can try to treat the plants with concentrated garlic infusions, tobacco, onion peel or wormwood. All of them have a pronounced antiseptic and disinfectant action.

Finally, some useful tips that are not bad to know when caring for currants:

  1. Before spraying a plant for prophylactic purposes, it is necessary to carefully examine it for the presence of damaged or affected leaves, branches, etc. If they are found, remove them from the bushes, then destroy them.
  2. Chemical treatment of currant, of course, will help protect it from pests, but nutritional supplements will not be superfluous: they help (surprisingly) quickly improve the immunity of an adult plant.
  3. Carefully monitor the condition of the currant bushes: in no case should the plant be allowed to get sick with an ail called terry, because it is considered incurable.

This concludes consideration of the features of autumnal currant care, including the subtleties of processing this plant from pests and diseases in the autumn. Good luck!

What to handle

For the treatment of currants in the fall are usually used chemicals that are characterized by fast action, reliability and efficiency.

At the same time, popular methods of processing are used everywhere. They are ineffective, as a rule, are used to prevent infection in regions where typical for the culture of the disease are rare.

Chemicals

The most dangerous for currants are fungal diseases (rust, anthracnose, real and downy mildew). They develop rapidly, poorly served treatment in the later stages of infection. As a preventive measure, copper-containing and complex drugs are used:

  • 1% solution Bordeaux mixture,
  • 1-3% solution of blue vitriol,
  • HOM,
  • Soon
  • copper oxychloride,
  • Oxyh.

The treatment is carried out in accordance with the dosage indicated on the label with the drug. For work it is desirable to use a fine spray. Drugs are sprayed on all parts of the plant, and it is also necessary to treat the area of ​​the circle of the trunk, between the rows. The treatment is carried out in two stages with an interval of 10-12 days.

From pests

When non-compliance with the technology of cultivation and care, currants are often affected by pests. The most dangerous of them are: aphid, spider web and kidney mite, moth moth. Prevent infection is much easier than long-term and not always effective treatment.

As prevention, the treatment is carried out with the following preparations:

  • Karbofos,
  • 5% solution of boric acid,
  • 1% solution of colloidal sulfur,
  • Actellic,
  • Aktara.

Work should be carried out only after sanitary pruning. The procedure can be combined with spraying fungicides, since the work is also carried out in two stages with an interval of 10-12 days. During spraying, it is important to pay attention not only to the shoots, but also to the soil, where the larvae of harmful insects can be found.

Folk remedies

There are quite a few homemade methods for treating currants in spring. The main advantage of such funds is that they do not affect the plant, since they are completely natural and safe. The most effective methods of combating pests and diseases:

  • Infusion of onion peel. Soak 200 g of the product in 10 l of water, let it stand for 12 hours. Before use, strain, and then carry out processing using a spray gun, a watering can,
  • Soap solution. It is advisable to use only tar or laundry soap. Dilute the product at the rate of 30-40 g per 1 l of water, treat the bush and the nearby soil,
  • Tobacco dust. Soak 400 g of tobacco dust in 10 liters of warm water, let it brew for 48 hours. Dilute with water in equal proportions, process currants,
  • Vinegar. Mix 2 tbsp. l acetic essence in 10 liters of water. Liberally pour the soil, avoiding contact with the leaves. Repeat the procedure after 10 days.

In addition, the dusting of the leaves with wood ashes, as well as spraying with the infusion of this agent, are actively used. Some gardeners are actively using ammonia, mustard and milk whey.

Infection prevention

In order to prevent the defeat of currants by diseases and pests, it is important not only to carry out the treatment promptly and competently, but also to observe a number of preventive measures:

  • twice for the season to carry out sanitary pruning of the bush, trim all old and deformed branches, shoots,
  • clean the fallen leaves and loosen the ground in the area of ​​the circle of the trunk,
  • observe the distance between plants, the spacing of the rows,
  • regularly change the layer of mulch,
  • use for cultivating varieties that are resistant to diseases typical of the culture,
  • control the introduction of mineral compounds, avoid overwetting and drying out the soil.

If any signs of infection are detected, all affected vegetative parts should be removed, and also treated with a chemical preparation depending on the type of pest or type of disease.

08.26.2018 admin Comments No Comments

Processing of currants after harvest

Currant is a common inhabitant of gardens and household plots, because its fruits are tasty both fresh and cooked. In addition, leaves may be added to food, especially when canning vegetables for the winter. However, in order for this fruit crop to rejoice with tasty abundant crops and excellent health, it is necessary to properly care for it, and the processing of currants after harvesting is a very important stage of this process.

Currant bushes in autumn

After finishing the collection of berries, care for currant bushes should be continued, and reinforced. At this particular time, the necessary activities are:

  • loosening the soil (shallow and at some distance from the trunks),
  • top dressing (as soon as the harvest is over),
  • pest and disease treatment
  • shaping and rejuvenating pruning,
  • water recharge irrigation for the winter (carried out after the leaves fall completely before the onset of cold weather).

This will allow the next year to get a good harvest and grow healthy and strong plants.

Currant bushes in the fall for the black and red varieties are slightly different. For example, black currant after picking berries can do very well without foliage, so it is worth cutting it off. This will allow the plant to accumulate more strength for wintering. In addition, this technique is an excellent prevention of diseases and reproduction of pests, many of which overwinter in the leaves and under them. In the case of growing red currant foliage is also recommended to be collected and burned, but it should fall off by itself.

Autumn pruning currants

Before treating the currant with protective agents and fertilizers for the winter, it should be cut. The plants of the first three years of life are thinned out for sanitary purposes, that is, they remove patients, very thin and branches located on the ground. Older shrubs rejuvenate with pruning. To do this, remove the old and weak shoots, leaving two-year and three-year (4 branches), as well as one-year (6-7 branches).

Read also: Cabbage leaf - species, varieties, cultivation

When pruning currants, one should take into account that on red and white currants fruits appear on old shoots, while on black currants berries also form on young branches. The optimal shape for red and white varieties is a bush with a bowl-shaped crown, consisting of five main branches, initially cut at a height of about 20 cm from the ground. Black currant bushes can be formed depending on the type of compact or spreading, but avoiding thickening, while cutting off the old branches is recommended near the ground with subsequent hilling, due to which the growth of young shoots is activated.

In the case of black currant, the complete removal of old branches (3 years old and older) is recommended immediately after the end of the harvest. The rest of the pruning of currants of different varieties should be done in a dormant period, when the foliage has already fallen. This is usually late autumn, starting in November.

How to treat currants in the fall?

Depending on the purposes, the processing of currant bushes in autumn is carried out:

  1. mineral and organic fertilizers for feeding,
  2. karbofos, Bordeaux liquid or other protective drugs to combat existing diseases and pests.

For additional autumn currant fertilizer, you can also use manure, preferably with a high content of potassium (1 bucket per bush), a solution of superphosphate and potassium phosphate (1 tbsp per 10 liters of water), nitrophos (1 liter of 10 liters of water .) or other complex mineral fertilizer.

For the autumn currant treatment to be effective, it is also recommended to make litter under the bushes, for example, from crushed oak bark. It will protect the root system from drying out and frost.

PEST AGAINST PESTS AND DISEASES

In summer cottages and in home gardens pests and currant diseases cause great harm.

Most dangerous pests: renal and spider mites, leaf and shoot gall midges, aphids, gooseberry moth, glass. Very harmful diseases: double coat (reversion), mealy dew, anthracnose.

To control pests and diseases, insecticidal or fungicidal preparations are used, as well as herbal preparations of natural origin (biofungicides) that can replace pesticides or significantly reduce their use.

The treatment of plants is carried out by sprayers in calm, calm weather, in the morning or in the evening. If it rains after treatment, the spraying should be repeated. When processing, ensure that the solution of the applied drugs fell into the middle of the bush and on the underside of the leaves. The consumption rate of the working fluid is up to 1.5 liters per 10 m2.

In my garden a lot of aphids are settled annually, mostly she lives on black currants. All bushes become sticky, leaves curl, berries fall still green. I watered the bushes with Biotlin, it helped. But he found that ants were again bringing down the bushes. What should I do? (From the reader's letter)

That's right, aphids are settled in the bushes ants. They feed on sweet aphids and deliver it to new young shoots, which contribute to the complete infection of the plant. In the fall, they take the winter cattle louse into their nests, and in the spring it all starts over again. For a successful outcome, a complex struggle is needed, both with aphids and with ants. From garden ants need to shed ant nests drug Ant-eater. He does not just scare away ants, but destroys their colonies. The drug is diluted at the rate of 1 ml / 10 l of water, this is enough for processing 5-10 anthills. Anteater is not toxic to earthworms, soil microorganisms and does not adversely affect plants.

Harvest Black currants are harvested with individual berries or whole brushes, red and white currants - mainly with whole brushes, and also selectively - as they mature fully.

A convenient collection container is a tray, in which the berries are arranged in a thin layer and do not wrinkle. You can use kuzovki or boxes.

A good way to temporarily store black currant berries is plastic sealed bags. In this package, the berries are stored at 0 ° C for one to two months. For temporary storage of berries are also used glaciers or cellars filled with snow or ice.

Planting, care and treatment of pests for currants and gooseberries

At the end of the summer, there is a lot of work at the dacha: cleaning and processing of vegetables, berries and fruits, pruning, processing plantings from pests, preparing the garden for the winter. Taking care of berry bushes in the fall is also an important moment if you want to get a good harvest for the next year. Here we will tell about it here.

When harvesting late-ripe black currant berries, in order not to do double work, it is necessary to immediately remove spiderwebs and 4-5-year old branches. This will contribute to the laying of gains (rings) and the autumn growth of young shoots. When the entire berry harvest is removed, the bushes should be watered, and then fed using phosphate-potassium fertilizers. Under each bush we bring one spoon of potassium and two - double superphosphate. Such an autumn care for black currant berry bushes will allow to receive fleshy large berries the next year.

As for feeding, it is also needed in the fall to red currant bushes and gooseberries. For each bush you need to make two tablespoons of potassium and one tablespoon of double superphosphate.

At the same time in dry weather it is better to close up top dressing in the top layer of soil, and then water thoroughly. If the weather is wet, then potassium chloride is undesirable. From this gooseberry will immediately lose foliage, and its root system will develop poorly.

Should refrain from feeding berry bushes in the fall infusion of manure or weeds, and even more so with nitrogen fertilizers. They will cause the growth of existing branches, the ends of which by the winter will not have time to woody and wither. On the contrary, when caring for berry bushes in the autumn, you need to pinch the tops of the gooseberries and black currants to stop their growth. As for the red currant bushes, this should not be done, because she has fruit buds on the ends of the branches.

Go smoothly to the raspberry. Those shoots that otplodonosili, cut off at ground level so that hemp is not stuck. In them pests and sores can be got. When the side shoots of raspberry reach approximately 40-50 cm in length, they should be pinned. Thereby accelerate their aging.

How to care for the berry bushes in the fall, we told you. Care is required and fruit trees. At the end of the summer, they stop growing, giving all their strength to the maturing of the crop. Watering at this time should not be trees, otherwise the fruit will crumble. But phosphate-potash fertilizers do not interfere to make. They will help the plants to safely move wintering.

To abundantly fruiting branches not broken off under the weight of the fruit, put props under them.Well, do not forget to make sanitary pruning of trees and burn all the diseased branches.

This entry was posted by admin under the heading Fruit Trees and Shrubs.

Features of the autumn processing of currants

Berry bushes are beloved by many gardeners for their wonderful and nutritious fruits, which, in addition to high taste, bring more obvious benefits. But many summer residents have a question, does his bushes need extra care during the rest period? For example, currants, both black and red, need pruning and care even in the fall, after the harvest from the bushes was gathered. However, it is necessary to know some technological details of these processes, so as not to harm your berries. This article is fully devoted to such subtleties, in it you will learn: how to feed currants in the fall, what to spray from pests and what are the nuances of pruning these bushes.

Currant care after harvesting is an integral part of growing these bushes. Statistical data may indicate its necessity, according to which the yield of currant bushes subjected to autumn treatment exceeded the yield of plants left without the latter by at least 25%.

Pest and disease treatment

Autumn processing of currants from pests and diseases is the most important aspect that guarantees its continued survival and stable fruiting. In general, there are two large groups of agents designed to protect against various pathogens. This treatment with the help of chemicals and various folk remedies.

Chemical solutions

Among the means, than it is necessary to spray currants in the fall against pests, there must be fungicides and insecticides. It is worth remembering that these drugs can pose a significant threat to human health, therefore, in the process of treatment, you must follow personal precautions.

As an antifungal drug, you can take, for example, a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid, "Fundazol", "Topaz" and others. Spraying is desirable to carry out in the evening or early in the morning, because the drug, interacting with active sunlight, can burn the stems and leaves.

Tillage

Top dressing currant after harvest is quite an important factor contributing to its active fruiting in the next season. There is no significant difference for the plant, what kind of fertilizer you will feed it, organic or mineral, everything is equally good for them and will only benefit.

Organic fertilizer is best to use compost, peat or humus. It is possible in combination, but not more than one bucket in total for each bush. These substances will provide your plants with the proper amount of nitrogen.

You can also use any bird droppings or mullein, but you need to be careful with these fertilizers, as they can “burn” the roots of the plants if they are added undiluted. To obtain a ready-to-use solution, it is recommended to dilute these substances in a ratio of 1:10 with water and allow them to infuse for a week.

Soil care

Before the first frosts strike, it is not superfluous to carry out a light loosening of the soil, to a depth of about 7-10 cm, which will allow the parasite larvae, which settle in the upper layers of the soil, to be moved to the surface where they will die from the effects of low temperature.

In addition, loosening helps to saturate the soil with oxygen, which is necessary for the root system of this shrub for proper and rapid development. After loosening the soil is not superfluous to mulch with peat or some other organic matter.

Pruning is desirable to produce before processing the bushes with the help of various chemical agents. In the first three years of the life of a young bush pruning is done for sanitary purposes. All patients are removed in appearance, branches too thin and creeping along the surface of the earth. All subsequent trimming are rejuvenating. To do this, eliminate all too old and weak shoots, leaving 3-4 old branches and up to a dozen young ones not trimmed.

It is worth paying attention to the process of crown formation in various varieties of currant. So, for better berry formation on the bushes of white and red currants, the cup shape is suitable. Shrubs of the black currant are formed depending on their type - either compact or rather sprawling. However, in any case, you should not allow excessive density of the bush. For currants old are considered branches that have reached the age of three. They need to be cut almost near the ground. This manipulation stimulates the plant to release new young shoots.

So, as you can see, the processing of currant bushes after harvesting is quite a multifunctional thing. It will not only allow you to keep your bushes safe and sound, but with proper and scrupulous performance will certainly increase your harvest.

Watch the video: Permaculture Harvest: Antioxidant-Rich Black Currant Juice (March 2020).