Geicher’s garden impresses even the most fastidious connoisseurs of garden exotics.
Garden decorators and experienced amateur gardeners very often say that properly selected plants will help to create an unforgettable picture on each site.
For this, geicher is often used in landscape design. Photos of this plant and tips on caring for him can be found in the proposed article.
Geichera is a perennial representative of the stone-heel family. For the first time geykhera was found in the mountains in western North America. Gradually, this plant has spread to other regions.
Geikhera - a long-term representative of the stone-heel family
The main feature of geykhery recognized leaves with a wide range of colors. The freshness and decorativeness of this plant is preserved from early spring to the onset of the first cold weather.
Therefore, geykhera in landscape design is used very often. In the photo you can see the various options for using this plant for decorating the garden and house plot.
Little about the plant
Geicher is an evergreen and grows to 40-60 cm. The leaves are on long petioles, growing almost from the roots themselves. Some varieties begin to bloom at the end of spring, and flowering sometimes continues until autumn. Small flowers are gathered in panicles on peduncles 20 cm long. Seeds ripen in fruit-boxes.
Conventionally, all varieties of the flower are divided into two types: decorative – flowering and decorative and deciduous. This ornamental plant with unusually beautiful foliage has many leaf color palettes. Usually geyhery flowers look modest, but there are varieties where the inflorescences look spectacular and make up the contrast with the foliage.
Geyhera flowers, planting
For the successful cultivation of the plant should choose the right place to plant and prepare the soil.
Geicherra grows well with many perennials without oppressing them. It can be planted next to different plant species or create a flower garden of several varieties of culture.
For planting fit place in the penumbra, so that diffused light fell. Check out what flowers grow in the shade.
Varieties with red leaves must be planted on a well-lit area, otherwise the foliage will lose its brightness and decorative effect. Therefore, all species with bright foliage should be planted in a sunny place. The silvery mosaic on the foliage will become brighter in the sun, and the purple spots are darker. At the same time planting water is much more common.
The soil should be light, fertile and moist, but without stagnant water. It is advisable to make large river sand or pebbles in the soil before planting. When constructing a flower bed, it is necessary to make drainage from broken bricks or small stones. The soil should have a neutral reaction, therefore the acidic soil should be made up with dolomite flour or wood ash should be added.
Geyher is planted in late spring or early summer when the likelihood of returning spring frosts disappears.
The distance between the seedlings is left in the range of 20-30 cm.
geykhera flowers, care
Geyhera flowers, care
It is quite simple and does not require a lot of effort and time: regular watering, loosening and weeding, as well as preventive measures against pests and diseases.
Watering. It is carried out regularly every 2 days, the amount of water depends on the weather. Do not allow overflow, so as not to provoke plant diseases. Water under the root, so as not to appear burns on the foliage.
Hilling and mulching. The root system of the flower is located superficially and so that the roots do not suffer from drying out, they are spud with earth or they mulch with rotted compost, sawdust, foliage, hay, bark, gravel. Under the mulch moisture is better preserved, and the roots are supplied with oxygen.
Transplantand rejuvenation of the plant spend every three years, as over time, its attractiveness is lost: the middle of the bush is exposed, the leaves fall off and the top grows bald. Therefore, the plant is dug, divided into parts and planted in new places. The procedure is carried out in early spring before blooming of buds or at the end of summer after flowering. The transplant usually tolerates the culture well and begins to grow quickly.
Top dressing. Planting is carried out in fertile soil and the year the plant does not need additional feeding. In nature, geyhera grows in highlands on scanty land. Therefore, fertilizing is carried out with complex fertilizers in the spring at the beginning of the growing season and after flowering by half of the norm, which is indicated in the instructions. To fertilizer quickly reached the roots immediately after feeding necessarily spend watering.
Preparing for the winter. In the autumn, it is not necessary to remove dried leaves, it protects the roots from freezing, they cut only flower stalks with seeds that can be sown. Young plants should be covered for the winter with foliage, straw or spruce branches.
Preventive measures. On sour soil and waterlogging, the bushes can become sick with powdery mildew, rust, root rot. At the first symptoms of the disease, the planting is treated with special chemicals (fungicides, bordeaux mixture). Of pests, the plant is affected by slugs, snails, caterpillars, weevils. From pests sprayed with insecticides.
Reproduction of culture carried out by dividing the bush in early spring or after its flowering. This method allows you to save all the features of the mother plant. Can be propagated by cutting. In the summer, cuttings are cut 4-6 cm long and planted in a greenhouse with moist soil, covered with foil. Rooted cuttings for 3-4 weeks, after which they can be planted in a flower garden. Cultivation of seeds is laborious and difficult, rarely used in this way.
A plant with beautiful foliage can be grown alone and in groups using varieties with a variety of leaves. Geicher is often used as a ground cover plant in flowerbeds. It is in perfect harmony with coniferous crops, many perennials, emphasizing their beauty. Geicher is decorated with alpine hills, fountains, curbs, rocky gardens, terraces, gazebos.
Geyhera flowers, planting, care and cultivation of which is easy, harmonizes perfectly with miniature shrubs, astilba, bergenia, primrose, daylilies. Beautiful foliage allows you to select and beat any flower garden, a plot.
The appearance of geykhery, the appearance of flowers and the brightness of the leaves is largely determined by the correctness of the choice of place for planting. Young geykher grows best in the open sun. However, it must be protected from wind and cold.
Young geyher grows better in the open sun
Adult geykhera, as a rule, feels great on almost any garden plots. Although some varieties are better planted in areas where the sun falls only in the morning.
Land, planting and care in the open field, where geykher will grow, will bring success if the soil is nutritious, light and permeable. After all, when water stagnates in the ground, the root system begins to rot and the geyher's gradual death.
The soil for geykhery should be nutritious and permeable.
Cultivation and care
In order to grow well geykhera, care for her is in the periodic fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. At the same time concentration is required twice less, than for other garden cultures. Excess fertilizer has a negative effect on geyheru.
After all, initially it grew on poorly nourished mountain soils. When excessive watering rots the root system. Therefore, you need to water the plant carefully.
Geychery hilling is carried out no more than 1 time per year, when the base of the plant grows above the ground level.
Geyheru need to periodically feed mineral fertilizers
Propagated geyhera division bush
Geicher, planting and caring for which were carried out correctly, loses its aesthetics every 3-5 years. In this case, the plant can be transplanted. It is preferable to do this before or after flowering. For example, in the spring after the appearance of new leaves or in the autumn, when the plant will finish flowering.
Transplant geichery preferably before or after flowering
For transplantation, geyher is carefully dug up and divided into several small bushes to expose the main stem. It is cut to a young fabric.
Dead shoots should be cut to small live small-terminal kidney. They are located in the axils of dead old leaves.
After that, it is necessary to shorten the overgrown roots and remove their rotted areas, leaving only healthy tissue. All sections are powdered with crushed coal.
After transplanting the plant must be protected from excessive sun.
For planting, you need to choose a shaded place and dig holes in the size of 30x30 cm. Ash and any mineral or compost fertilizer are poured into them.
Then a plant is planted, which must be watered immediately. The growth of the new root system usually occurs within 40-45 days. All this time, the plant must be covered from excessive sun.
Then geykheru can be transplanted to a permanent place intended for her.
Geicher is well propagated by seeds
How to grow geykher from seed
Geicher is well propagated by seeds. Seeds remain viable for about six months after they are harvested. When stored in foil packaging, seed viability increases to one and a half years. It is necessary to pay special attention when buying seeds.
Sowing geyhery can begin in late March or early April
Seeds are planted in wide vessels with a height of 5 cm or more. You can use, for example, plastic food containers. It is necessary to fill in them loose soil with the addition of perlite or sand. Seeds are planted only in heated soil.
To do this, you need to hold it in the oven or in the microwave just before planting, but not more than 5-7 minutes. Another option for heating the soil - pouring boiling water. In this case, sowing begins after the earth dries out.
Sowing can begin in late March or early April. It all depends on the climate in a particular region and on light. To geyhery shoots were uniform, the seeds are mixed with sifted sand.
To make the geyher shoots uniform, the seeds are mixed with sifted sand.
Having very small seeds, geyhera planting requires a superficial way without additional deepening. The soil for sowing needs to be moistened, loosened and leveled. After uniform distribution of the mixture of seeds and sand, the container is closed with polyethylene or glass.
To provide seedlings with a sufficient amount of light, containers with it are best placed near the window. Draft can ruin seedlings. At the same time, one should not forget about occasional airing of the room where seedlings will grow.
Draft can ruin seedlings
The first shoots, as a rule, appear in 15-20 days.
After that, you need to slightly raise or make holes in the glass or polyethylene covering the seedlings.
Seeding out the seedlings is made after the appearance of the initial 3 leaves. At the same time the distance between them must be at least 4-6 cm.
Shortly before the onset of cold weather seedlings need to wrap spruce branches
Young shoots should grow in moderately moist soil. Overdrying or excessive waterlogging can destroy geyher seedlings.
So that before the onset of winter cold weather had time to form sockets, seedlings need to be carried out into the open air around mid-May.
A reservoir with shoots dropping into the ground in a plot protected from direct sunlight. Shortly before the onset of cold weather seedlings need to wrap spruce branches.
Geykhera - planting and care (cultivation) in the soil of the garden plot
Today we consider a perennial herbaceous plant - geykher. The plant belongs to the family kamnelomkovy and the genus Hechera.
Perhaps you have already met, such a striking in the color scheme of leaves, a plant. Beautiful carved leaves from spring to autumn decorate the garden with its explosive popularity. In recent years, the popularity of the flower is growing, as well as daffodils, peonies and astilbe.
Small and very bright flowers: pink, red, white are collected in high and develop evenly. According to these signs, they are attractive for landscape decoration of the garden plot.
Planting a Hechera Plant
Geicher can be planted in your garden from pots bought in a store. Delivery to the store is made from the nursery.
Distance when landing on a permanent place 25-30 cm.
The easiest way to plant a flower in another place is to divide a bush. It is necessary to divide a bush every 3-4 years. The division of the bush is best done in spring, in May, or in the fall at the end of August.
You need to dig a bush with a shovel, shake off the ground and begin to divide it into plots.
In older plants, the roots begin to bulge, so the reproduction and division of bushes is desirable.
In the spring, you need to carefully dig up the plant and with the help of a knife or simply with your hands to divide the bush.
Then you need to dig holes and plant a plot up to the leaves.
After landing, the geykher must be watered and covered with lutrasil for 2-3 weeks in order for the survival to be successful.
You can plant flower seeds in spring or autumn in boxes or peat tablets.
Peat tablets put in a plastic box, close and wait for the shoots.
With this crop, the plant blooms for 3 years.
Another breeding plant is green cuttings. And it is done this way: tear off the leaf with the stem and stick it in the dug-out area, water it. You can stick a few stalks.
Cover the top with plastic cups and wait for growth - 2-3 weeks.
Care for the flower in the open field garden
Geykhera - unpretentious plant. A necessary condition for the cultivation of all varieties are: drainage, spotted shade, moisture-absorbing soil.
Favorable planting on the periphery of the crown of a tree or around the bushes, where there is a shadow.
When growing a flower you need to learn a number of rules:
1. No need to overfeed with fertilizers and especially mineral. Enough to feed once a season.
2. Do not flood the plants with water and prevent the roots from rotting.
3. Geicher loves frequent hilling.
4. It is necessary to rejuvenate the plants every year, otherwise the plant will fall apart (spread out).
5. Do not cut the leaves for winter - the plant may freeze. It is better to remove them dried in spring.
Goichera is quite resistant to diseases and pests. Slugs and large snails can damage young leaves. Caterpillars can nibble on the leaves.
Leaves of the flower may be affected by downy mildew. This is a rare occurrence and yet be careful.
Conditions for growing geyhery in open ground
Usually for decorative foliage plants choose well-lit places where bright colors on the leaves will look most advantageous. However, geykhera can be easily settled under the canopy of trees, and in the open area it can wilt and will require frequent abundant watering. Therefore, it is better for her to find a site with light protection from the scorching midday sun, but not in the thick shadow, which will “wash out” unusual patterns from the leaves, leaving only the green background.
The requirement of sufficient illumination is especially important to fulfill when planting in open ground and caring for the geyher variegated forms.
Despite its bright appearance, this perennial is unpretentious and, with proper care, grows well in summer cottages.In plantings, geyhera often coexists with hosts, coniferous crops, grassy ground cover plants and shrubs, as well as tall flowering species.
When planting and caring in the open field, perennial geyher do not pretend to the composition and nutritional value of the soil, but do not tolerate:
On a loose substrate that holds a moderate amount of moisture well, plants are especially lush.
Geyher planting time in open ground
In nature, geyhery propagate by seed and vegetatively due to the proliferation of leaf rosettes. In the garden is better to use the second method.
Unfortunately, the seeds collected from garden varieties do not preserve the varietal characteristics of the plants, and from them grow plants close to wild-growing.
It is much easier to get a geyher of the desired variety — using seedlings grown from seeds of a proven manufacturer or dividing an adult outlet.
Seeds are sown in early spring in containers. In greenhouse conditions, the first shoots appear after 4-6 weeks. When the true leaves unfold on the sprouts, the seedlings are transferred to the open ground. Given the future growth of the outlet is planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
In May or in early autumn, large, often 3–4-year-old geyher sockets are seated, which lose compactness and fall apart. This means that daughter plants have appeared near the main plant, and it is time to separate them.
Propagated geykheru seeds
One of the easiest ways of reproduction, is considered seed. The seeds of the plant are black in color, something similar in appearance to poppy, only smaller. With this kind of breeding, the flowers do not retain their varietal characteristics, so they are not so often used. Seedlings may differ from the "mother", as the color palette, and the size, shape of the leaves. Therefore, it is recommended to propagate geyher vegetatively, then all qualities will be preserved. However, seeds are commercially available.
If the preservation of varietal qualities does not matter, and you still decide to propagate the plants with the help of seeds, but you should know that they are viable only 6 months after harvest. Seeds that go on sale on store shelves are packed in special bags. In them the shelf life increases.
The advantage of seeds of this particular plant is that they do not require special treatment or stratification.
The ideal time for sowing is mid-March - the first week of April.
Rules to follow when sowing:
- The soil is chosen with neutral acidity.
- Provide a good drainage layer.
- It is recommended to add about 30% perlite. It can be replaced with pure calcined sand, it is poured on top, a layer of 2-3 centimeters.
- If necessary, disinfection of the soil is carried out (at home, this can be done quite simply, you should steam the soil in the oven for about an hour, or treat it with a solution of 0.2% of foundationol for a few days before planting the seeds).
- Special attention should be paid to the tank, it must have drainage holes, and sides with a height of at least 4 centimeters.
- Moisten the soil before planting so that it was not completely filled with water, and had a crumbly texture.
- Seeds are sown chaotically. For convenience, you can use a folded piece of paper. It is evenly moved across the width of the seed tray.
- If the seeds are not enough, they are mixed with sand, and only then sown. Thus, sowing will be carried out evenly.
- After sowing, moisten the soil gently with a spray bottle and cover it with a transparent film (glass can be used).
- Containers are exposed to a lighted place, but direct sunlight should not fall on them.
- If you put the containers on the windowsill, their bottom will be cold, and this should not be allowed. Be sure to enclose a warming material.
- At a temperature of 20-22 ° C, the seeds germinate quickly enough, in 2-3 weeks.
- As soon as the first shoots appear, the film (glass) must be periodically lifted for ventilation. Next, clean at all.
- It should not be allowed to dry out the soil, but an excessive amount of moisture also hurts.
- Water carefully, it is advisable to do it through the pan.
- When 3-4 leaflets appear on the seedlings, it means that you can start a picking.
- Before planting in open ground plants need to be hardened.
- The landing is carried out in the first month of summer. Flowers adapt quickly enough, and in August it will be possible to see the sockets.
- If geyhery started well, and did not get sick, you do not need to cover them for the winter.
- You can put on young plants a pair of spruce branches, so you can hold the snow.
Planting a perennial geyher in open ground and caring for plants
In order for new plants to be more “fluffy”, 2-3 rosettes with their own rhizomes are left on each delenka. If the planting material for some reason has no roots, you should not throw it away. Cuttings with several leaves and a piece of the stem can be rooted by treating with a stimulant and having landed in a sand-peat mixture. In a shaded greenhouse, roots are formed in 3-4 weeks.
If cuttings are received in May or June, the time for planting the geyher in open ground falls on the middle or second half of summer. The soil under such plants must be mulched, and the seedlings themselves provide protection from the bright sun.
On cuttings and large delenki places of cuts are powdered with crushed charcoal. Landing holes for geyher should have a depth of at least 30 cm and the same diameter. When this culture is used as a border, the distance between the bushes is usually 25–35 cm.
After planting, the plants are watered, and the soil under them is sprinkled with peat, rotted sawdust or chopped grass.
We propagate geyher by dividing the bush
Each year, basal rosettes of plants grow high, the lower obsolete leaves dry. Thus the internodes on the stem become bare. They become very tall, like palm trunks. This phenomenon even has its own name - "palm". Shrubs aged 3-4 years with obvious signs of "palm" are strongly recommended to divide. If the division procedure is not performed, bare shoots with rosettes will begin to dry due to a lack of nutrients. Without having carried out a timely division, outdated flowers face such problems:
- Will be bad to endure the winter.
- The heat and dry summer will be a test for them.
- In the spring will be more exposed to various diseases than young.
- Bare stems will break in strong wind, frost, snow.
Because of such effects, geyhera is severely damaged and dies.
Rules for dividing a plant bush:
- Completely dig up a bush.
- Roots thoroughly washed under running water (you can use a hose).
- Carefully cut with a sharp object, so that each part had several outlets (at least one).
- That the procedure was the most successful, it is better to use a wooden board.
- Very long roots shorten.
- All decaying parts are cut, or cut to white fabric.
- It is recommended to sprinkle fresh sections with a mixture of growth powder and powdered coal (you can purchase ready-made mixture - “Kornevin” or “Roots”).
- All dry shoots on the excavated flower must be removed.
- Divided bushes ready for planting are planted neatly, without sprinkling leaves and sockets with earth.
- Above the soil level leaves a significant part of the stem, about 1-3 centimeters. The procedure is simplified if you make a small hole around the bush. As the plant grows, it will be necessary to add soil or organic mulch. Over time, the terrain around the bush will even out completely.
- Initially, when the plant is in a state of growth, it should be pritenyat.
- Watering regular.
- When geyhery fully take root in the new place, gain strength and get stronger, shading should be removed. Such changes are desirable to carry out in cloudy weather.
Care for geykhera after planting in open ground
These plants are moisture-loving. Therefore, the main care for geykhera after planting in open ground includes:
- regular watering, preventing the soil from drying out,
- loosening the soil surface under bushes and near them,
- fertilizing, which start from the second year of life and is carried out with the help of complex means for decorative leafy crops.
In the warm season, geyher watering 3-5 times a week. In the heat and in the absence of rain, it is better to moisten the soil daily in the morning or after sunset.
So that there are no discolored burn marks on the leaves of the geykher, the watering can should be kept as close to the ground as possible.
All plants of this genus bloom, but not always the geyher flowers are too attractive. If they interfere with the perception of the flower garden, or after withering, the flower stalks are removed by cutting off the base. In the winter the bushes go with leaves. So that by the spring of the base of the sockets are not affected by the rotted, it is better to cover them with loose spruce branches, oak branches, non-woven material and mulch.
We propagate geicher by cutting
At the time of division of the rhizome, the plant often remains cuttings without roots. Also, cuttings can be obtained from a growing plant, and there is no need to dig it out. The outlet should be cut with parts of the roots or the main root. The rules for geykhery cuttings:
- Cut cuttings clean and sterile sharp object.
- Sections are recommended to sprinkle with ash (can be coal).
- The leaves of the cutting are removed, leaving only a few pieces on the outlet.
- Planting cuttings carried out in a cool place. This may be a shaded area, a greenhouse, or a greenhouse (necessarily cold).
- In the greenhouse, the flowers are covered with a film under which the light fabric is fixed. Thus, the condensate will be absorbed, and the humidity will be kept as comfortable as possible.
- Planted cuttings need to carefully so that the outlet remained above the ground level. They can not be deepened.
- The method of grafting is good because you can use growth stimulants.
- The first roots can be observed in 3-5 weeks. It all depends on the conditions in which the plant grows.
- It is possible to plant cuttings when the root system is sufficiently formed. In this case, if geyhery took root in the fall, the landing is better to transfer to the spring. They can spend the winter in cuttings, well covered with spruce branches, needles, dry foliage or moss.
Where to plant a young plant
With any method of reproduction, it is very important to plant the plant correctly so that it grows strong and immune to various diseases. Also, the color palette of the leaves, the intensity and brightness of flowering, the duration of growth will depend on the place of planting. What rules should be followed when landing in open ground:
- Many varieties of geyher prefer places protected from the direct rays of the sun. In this case, young plants are planted in the sun, where there will be no drafts, wind and cold.
- The soil must "breathe", good to pass moisture and air. It is great if it is rich in minerals, if not, then mineral fertilizers are recommended.
- Planted geyhera in pre-moistened soil. When excessive moisture can begin the putrefying processes of the root system. In this case, the plant will die.
- To avoid rotting of the roots, a little bit of expanded clay or crushed red bricks are poured into the moistened well. In this way, a drainage layer is created. In such conditions, the flowers will be comfortable, the drainage will absorb excess moisture, especially during the rainy season.
Caring for the geyher in the garden
So that a young plant grows well, it should provide proper care. It is not at all difficult to care for the geyher, it is not necessary to make special efforts. Everything is very simple:
- Periodically should be made in the soil mineral fertilizer. Concentration is made somewhat weaker than for other colors.
- It is impossible to remove leaves for the winter period. With the help of nits the plant retains heat. So that the winter went well, without loss, you need to pour dry oak leaves under the bushes.
- Watering provide moderate. The lack of moisture plant transfers much easier than excess. This rule is followed with feedings.
- Every month the bushes loosen and pile up so that the root system does not dry out.
- To bloom was long and persistent, it is recommended to replant geyhery from the usual place to another.
- When a large number of branches have been formed, and they are superimposed one by one, this means that it is time to transplant the plant by dividing the shrub. The procedure is carried out in the spring.
- For geyher with light leaves, winter care is more individual, bushes need to be covered with humus. If the winter is snowy, the bushes can be covered with a layer of snow.
You should not rush in the spring to release the flowers from the shelter, thus moisture will remain, and will not allow the leaves to dry out. If necessary, moisten the roots with slightly warmed water. As soon as it gets warmer outside, the leaves of geyher are removed, and the soil is fertilized with mineral supplements.
Possible pests and diseases
A young plant, recently planted, is most susceptible to various diseases and pests. There are chances to encounter such common problems:
- Snails and slugs. Damage to the leaves and young shoots, the leaves are covered with spotted rotten. Dew whitish shade appears. These leaves curl and showered.
- Excessive moisture will lead to putrid processes in the root system. The bushes are beginning to fade. If you notice the problem in time, the plant can be saved. It is necessary to cut all the twigs, choose a young stem, and root it using grafting.
Observing all the rules for care, the plant is almost not subject to disease. Gorgeous, lush flowering bushes will delight for many years.
Geykhery very harmoniously fit into a blooming garden, diluting the paint with its lush and green leaves. This plant is very fond of landscape designers, often use it as a basis for the desired composition. Therefore, be sure to plant on your site such beauty, because caring for her is simple, and the methods of reproduction are elementary.
Application geykhery in design
The popularity and prevalence of the geyher's decorative perennial garden plant in landscape design are determined by a number of its features, in particular:
- beauty, compactness and unpretentiousness,
- low demands on growing conditions,
- shade with high tolerance of direct sunlight,
- easy reproduction and disease resistance
- preservation of decorative qualities throughout the season,
- possibility of growing on stones or near water
- no conflict with other plants,
- growing both in open ground and in containers,
- variety of varieties and species
- frost resistance.
Geicherra maintains decorative qualities throughout the season.
These properties and features of geykher make it almost indispensable in landscape design for both beginners and experienced gardeners.
The variety of geyher varieties, the number of which is close to half a thousand, allows you to choose a single plant for every taste or use several varieties to create original compositions.
Geichera disease resistant
It should be noted that one of the most common methods of using geyher in decorating a site is to decorate a flower garden with low density of vegetation.
Geyher bushes allow you to disguise the bald spots or empty areas formed during the seasonal rotation of plants, thereby forming a smooth transition from one group of plants to another.
Due to the fact that geykhera does not lose its attractiveness almost throughout the growing season, it is an important decorative element of the design of a flower garden or a separate flower bed.
Geicher is often used for decoration of borders, flower beds or flower beds.
One of the natural properties of the geyhera bush is the ability to maintain a constant form for a sufficiently long period.
In this regard, geyheru is often used to design borders, flower beds or flower beds that have a certain clear geometric shape.
What is required, for example, for the zoning of the garden plot or the formation of beds of complex shape. Quite often, geyher is used in combination with lily, primrose or bruner.
You can also find a very beautiful combination of garden or flower garden design - planted together hosts, geyhery and other plants with decorative leaves.
Geicher refers to perennial plants
A variety of geyhery subspecies are perennial plants resistant to extreme seasonal temperature differences.
However, when making a border, a flower bed or flower beds, it should be remembered that the root of a young plant may freeze and damage at low temperatures.
In this regard, when planting plants should leave the possibility of warming the lower part of the bush foliage or sawdust.
Geykher transplantation can be done in early spring or late autumn
In cases where a grown-up plant has a decrease in size or thinning of the leaves, it is necessary to transplant or plant the geyher shrub into areas with unexploded soil. Transplantation can be done in early spring or late fall. At the same time large bushes should be divided into several daughter bushes.
Geicher in landscape design (see photo) in combination with other plants can be the basis of original garden compositions, pleasing the gardener's eye almost all year round.
Geyher leaves during flowering acquire a very bright and saturated color
Different types of geykhery
The types of geyher (see photo) are extremely diverse and differ from each other both in shape and color of flowers and leaves.
Geyher leaves are different in that during the flowering period they acquire a very bright and saturated color, determined by a particular variety or type of plant, and darken with time, which increases the decorative qualities of the plant.
Geykher blooms almost from early summer to late autumn
The garden flowering plant geykher, whose species and varieties are subdivided according to the shape and color of the leaves and flowers, is a small-sized shrub with dense shiny leaves of the most bizarre shape. Leaves can be smooth, wavy, corrugated.
The color of the leaves can vary from almost white to dark green both in uniform color and with chaotic spots or specks. Some varieties of geyher differ by the yellowish or brown color of the leaf base, which gradually turns into green or dark green.
Species geyhery divided by descent into mountain and forest
Geyhera blooms almost from the beginning of summer to late autumn. Geykher flower is not large, has the shape of a bell. Individual flowers are collected in inflorescences, located on straight long stems.
The color of the inflorescences can range from bright white to deep red, depending on the particular plant species. After the end of flowering, hollow fruits in the form of seed boxes are formed on the stems.
The number of seeds in one box can reach 10-20 thousand.
Exterior diversity attracts gardeners to the plant geyhera. Varieties and photos with the name of each variety or species of plants are presented in the photo gallery.
Common types include the hairy and geyhera cylindrical
Species geyhery divided by descent into mountain and forest.
In particular, the mountain geykher is red, from which very many decorative garden species of geyher originate, differs from other types by dense green toothed leaves with small marble veins and bright red or pink flowers. American geicherus belongs to forest species and is a shrub with rounded heart-shaped yellowish leaves and yellow-green flowers.
A common species also includes the hairy geyher and the cylindrical geyher. The latter received its name for the cylindrical shape of the inflorescence, which has different colors and shades, depending on the variety. The original appearance is different and geyhera garden.
Geicher hybrid is the result of crossing several plant species.
Geichera hybrid is the result of the crossing of several plant species. As a result of hybridization of several subspecies of mountain and forest varieties of geyher, hybrid geykher began to differ in a large variety of shapes and colors of leaves and flowers compared to the original plants.
For a long time, the most popular among gardeners in Russia remains geykhera varieties Palace Purple. Plants of this variety have large leaves with a tinge of maroon to brown and cream flowers. Flowering continues from June to late August. Peduncles reach a height of half a meter.
Geykhera is a perennial, rhizomatous plant. Many gardeners prefer to plant geyhery in their front gardens. Basically it has wide leaves, which attracts attention, but flowering plants appear in new varieties.
Geyhera grows in the form of a bush, hollowly spreading its leaves. Sometimes a single flower can grow half a meter.
For this reason, planting flowers close to each other is not worth it. Flowers are small, located on high peduncles (found up to a meter).
Blossoming begins in early summer, and decorativeness persists until late autumn.
Geyhery prefer light and moist soil. A small shadow will benefit. Direct sunlight will lead to fading of leaves, and strong shading, to their saturated gardening.
Adding an article to a new collection
Geicherra decorates the garden from early spring to late autumn. And even for the winter she leaves with decorative leaves. How to grow such a beautiful woman in a flower garden?
Geicher is widely used in landscape design. Most often it is planted in rockeries, rock gardens, rabatkah and central flower beds near the entrance to the house. This plant is unpretentious, but with improper planting and poor care does not look very presentable.
Growing Geykhery on the plot - features of planting and care in the open field
This perennial plant fell in love with gardeners not only for the beauty of small and numerous flowers on each bush.
Its leaves, which change their color several times during the season, make it possible to decorate the territory in the most bizarre way.
And if you take into account the unpretentiousness of the geyher, its adaptability to our conditions, the simplicity of leaving and planting in open ground, then the desire of those who own the "weave" to plant it in their own area is understandable.
- Geicher is represented by various varietal species (about 400) and hybrids. The height of the bushes ranges from 15 to 90 cm. But this is not the main thing. When creating any floral arrangements, experts advise to pay attention to the shape, size, palette of shades of its leaves and the location of the veins. By the variety of these indicators, a rare plant can be compared with geyher.
- The flower develops normally up to 5 years of age. Then it needs to be transplanted, divided into bushes or sown again. The reason is that it begins to grow rapidly in all directions (including in height), with the result that its plantings are rare, the plants become interfering with each other, and the flowerbed (lawn) loses its original attractiveness.
- Geicher does not belong to the group of cold-resistant plants. This should be known, determining the time of its landing and a list of activities that need to be carried out in terms of its preparation for the winter.
- This flower is especially well combined with decorative cereals, primrose, bergenia, astilba, daylily.
Choosing a place
- Geicher is distinguished from many ornamental plants by the fact that it is absolutely undemanding to temperature and light. However, keep in mind that direct sunlight can cause leaf burns, so you shouldn’t abuse the simplicity of this flower by planting it anywhere. If there is no natural shading of the site (fence, wall of the house, tall trees and shrubs), then you should worry about the construction of an artificial structure. In landscape design, various types of similar “shelters” are used - arches, pergolas, and so on - so it is easy to choose the best option. In addition, the problem will be solved automatically with the need for frequent watering of the flower bed with geyher.
What to consider
When choosing a place can not be ignored and the aesthetic component. Penumbra in terms of the development of geyhery and care for it is preferable.
But individual varieties, all the beauty of which is in the leaves, just need an abundance of light. Only under the rays of the sun shades of "green" become the most saturated.
Consequently, there is something to think about when choosing a place for landing geyhery, and the exact recommendations here will definitely be superfluous.
- Priming. Typical for most garden plants is “light”, which passes moisture and air well through itself. But with acidity you need to be more careful. For geykhera optimal pH value - slightly below the norm (about 5.8). Or, as they say, low acidity. To reduce it, if necessary, it is recommended to add wood ash or crushed chalk before planting, and then dig deep.
On dense soils to provide drainage in two ways. The easiest is to dig up the ground for a future flower bed, after having scattered coarse sand on it.
If it is heavy on the site, then it is advisable to specially prepare the geyher for preparing the pits.
Before you pour the substrate into them, you need to load a drainage layer - a brick battle, large pebbles, rubble and the like.
The technology has long been known to most gardeners.
Planting geykhera in open ground
The scheme is chosen independently, taking into account the peculiarities of the territory. And there are several methods of planting this plant - seeds, separated by bushes, cuttings. You can send a rose on the bayonet. But regardless of the chosen method, they have a lot in common.
- The plant sometimes develops very intensively, but even in an adult specimen the root system is “weak.” Therefore, when planting geyhery significant burial is not required. If seeds, then a couple of centimeters, otherwise not all of them can sprout. The same applies to the cuttings. But a formed bush - about 5 cm, in this case, after planting, it will acquire stability. Sometimes it is advisable to even remove part of the leaves so that the “centering” of the plant is not disturbed and the geykher does not begin to lean to the side.
- The interval between the holes, it is desirable to choose with the expectation, so you do not have to engage in picking. For a weak root system, this is an additional stress. At this point, you should pay attention to such moments.
Firstly, what kind of variety is planted and what is the specificity of its development. First of all, aside.
Secondly, the role of geykhery on a particular flower bed. That is, whether it is its main decoration, which means that it will have to somehow be distinguished, or just a “nice addition” to other ornamental vegetation.
Thirdly, that landed near a geykher. This compatibility, and the difference in height of the shoots, and a number of other factors.
If it is necessary to plant the geyher rather densely (for example, along garden paths), then about 20 cm should be left between the holes. When the flower expands, it forms a monochromatic continuous “live tape”.
Some nuances of care
As already noted, this flower is classified into many species, subspecies, and so on. Some varieties are valued by gardeners for the beauty of blossoming buds, others have more attractive leaves with an original shade.
In the latter case, the peduncle must be removed immediately after its appearance. The fact is that the stems are stretched so that they partially (and sometimes completely) cover the foliage. Consequently, the whole charm of such geyher as flowerbed decoration is leveled.
An exception is made only for the bushes, from which it is planned to get seeds.
Still, you need to choose a specific variety (or hybrid) not for the beauty or originality of the foliage, but according to another criterion - how much this variety of geykher has been adapted to local conditions. Only in this case it will develop well and will really become a worthy decoration of the site.
Successes to you, amateur flower growers!
Geicher's garden - planting, growing and care
Geicherra decorates the garden from early spring to late autumn. And even for the winter she leaves with decorative leaves. How to grow such a beautiful woman in a flower garden?
Geicher is widely used in landscape design. Most often it is planted in rockeries, rock gardens, rabatkah and central flower beds near the entrance to the house. This plant is unpretentious, but with improper planting and poor care does not look very presentable.
Diseases and pests geyhery
As a rule, geyhery rarely get sick and practically do not suffer from pests.
But with improper care, they can become infected with powdery mildew (from which they are disposed of by spraying with fungicides - Topaz, Fundazole, Byleton), rust and leaf spots (against these ills effective 1% solution Bordeaux fluid).
With excessive moisture, geyheru can eat snails and slugs. To avoid this, carefully monitor the watering, periodically collect pests manually and, if necessary, arrange traps in the flower garden.
Plant spectacular geyhery on your site - and they will paint with bright colors even the most boring flower garden. And if you want these flowers to decorate your home, grow them in containers. Geyhery grow well at home.
Geicher color reproduction - ways
- Dig up the plant, shake off the roots thoroughly and rinse them.
- Manually or with a knife, divide the plant into separate delenki.
- Remove dry shoots, rotten roots and part of the leaves.
- Select a few of the most high-quality delenok for disembarking.
- Lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the container, and then pour the substrate.
- Land delenki in a container and pour them well.
Cutting geyhery photo
- Remove dry shoots, rotten roots and part of the leaves on the delens.
- Cut the plant rosette with a rhizome fragment.
- Powder cuts of the rosette and rhizome with ash or coal.
- Now prepare the wells for planting cuttings.
- Plant the divided rhizomes of geyher in the substrate.
- Plant the cuttings so that the socket is above the soil level.
In preparing the article, the recommendations of N. Andrukh were used.