The Cherry variety Podbelskaya appeared at the end of the 19th century thanks to K. Koch, who crossed Ostheim and Lot varieties. A new variety was first introduced into the state register in the middle of the last century.
The standard description of sorts of cherries is somewhat different from the characteristics of Podbelskaya. This plant is considered to be an actively growing fruit tree that can reach a height of 5 meters. The crown of culture is round, with time it acquires a flat rounded shape with a large number of leaves on it. The shtambon of this variety has ash-colored bark with noticeable cracks on it.
The main branches of the crown are deviated from the trunk and have a rich brown color. Cherry shoots grow strictly upwards. The leaves of the tree are large, rich green, have a light shine. In shape - wide oval with a sharp top.
Cherry blossoms bloom with 4 large white flowers in each. Fruits mixed, forming berries on the bouquet branches of last year's growth. Fruits form close to each other singly or in pairs. Their weight is about 5 g.
The Cherry variety Podbelskaya forms black large fruits with a seam on the top. Pulp cherries juicy, with clear fibers and elegant taste. The light bone inside the fruit is easily separable from the pulp. Berry fruit stem is thick, insecurely attached to cherries. The fruits of Podbelskaya ripen in July, more specifically, the period of ripeness can be determined on the basis of the region in which the culture grows. Grade berries are unevenly spiced.
The fruits are used universally. They are especially valuable for their taste and extraordinary aroma. Usually, various desserts, jams or jams are made from the berries.
Cherry is characterized by high yield: from one tree you can get about 13 kg of fruit.
The first harvest of Podbelskoy can be harvested several years after planting the seedling.
According to the timing of flowering and some other characteristics of the culture belong to the early cherry varieties. For harvest Podbelskaya requires pollinators. For this purpose, the Anadol, Griot Ostheims and Lot types are usually used. Often pollinators are cherries, for example Prestige.
Cherry Podbelskaya variety with black large fruits is highly productive, especially in the southern territories of the country, where the climate contributes to a rich harvest.
Berry varieties are very sensitive to low temperatures. Severe frosts can destroy generative buds, but in spring buds and tree flowers are often affected.
Podbelskaya has an average resistance to diseases of the fungal nature, in particular coccomycosis. Chlorosis for culture is not dangerous. Berry has an average resistance to drought.
Pros and cons varieties
The description of the variety says that the plant has a number of positive and negative qualities.
In particular, the advantage of the variety is that black cherry has a high immunity to various diseases. In addition, with proper care for the crop, it demonstrates a stable and rich yield, which is especially noticeable when grown in the southern regions. Excellent taste of the fruit allows you to use them not only in cooking.
Growing Podbelskoy has its drawbacks. In particular, due to the considerable height of the tree, it is very difficult to reach its branches. In addition, the plant shows an average level of resistance to cold.
Certain difficulties may arise due to the fact that large Podbelskaya cherry needs pollinators. You can multiply this variety of berries only with the help of other varieties. Therefore, deciding to grow this cherry, you need to plant other plants near it. It is best to cultivate the berry in the southern latitudes, since when grown in the northern territories it will be necessary to provide the plant with additional care, for example, weatherization for the winter. In addition, at low temperatures, the plant may die.
So, Podbelskaya cherry is an ideal option for growing at the dacha. Its delicious fragrant berries will be enjoyed by everyone, and the versatility of its use makes it possible to grow cherries on an industrial scale.
Podbelskaya cherry refers to mid-season varieties. Harvest ripen to midsummer. You can harvest the first crop already at 3 years after planting.
For a season from one tree it is possible to collect up to 14 kg of berries. For such yields, it is important that all necessary care recommendations are followed.
The tree is self-infertile. For pollination should be next planted cherry varieties:
- May Duke.
- English early.
To pollinators include any varieties of cherries. Problems with growing can occur when planting plants in the northern regions. This variety has a low frost resistance.
Cherry Podbelskaya - shrub tree. Its height can reach 5 m. The crone is dense, has a rounded shape (with age, the shape of the crown can become stretched). The bark is distinguished by its smoothness and the presence of elongated small cracks. Its color is brown, there may be a gray tint. The branches are massive and tall. The young shoots are directed upwards, but during the fruiting period they lean.
Large foliage oval. It can reach 12 cm in length. The color is dark green. On the front side is hairiness. Special attention is the description of the tree during the flowering period: it is abundant and fragrant. Inflorescences are massive, consist of 3-4 flowers with rounded petals.
Ripe fruits of Podbelskaya cherry have burgundy color. The shape is rounded. The surface is smooth with a slight shine. The weight of one berry can reach 7 g. The flesh of the fruit is juicy, the color is red. Drupe round.
According to the description, the fruits have a sweet and sour taste. They are perfect for preservation and tea.
The most effective cultivation of this cherry in the southern regions. Deciding to plant it on your site, you should choose a suitable sapling. Suitable only annual plants with the number of shoots up to 8 pcs. Their length should not exceed 19-20 cm. The root system should be massive and healthy.
In order for the cherry to actively grow and bear fruit, it is important to pay attention to some peculiarities of growing this plant. Recommendations:
- For landing fit sunny places with low deposits of groundwater. Planting a plant in a valley is not recommended.
- The soil must be fertile. For its fertilizer you can use humus and wood ash.
- If the area is clay soil, sand must be applied.
Planting is done so that the root neck is flush with the ground. After planting, the tree is watered and the soil is mulched.
Caring for a tree is simple, it differs little from caring for other varieties of cherries. Watering is done as needed (the condition of the soil under a layer of mulch is checked). The plant may need additional watering. It is important to ensure it during flowering, after harvest and one month before wintering.
Other care recommendations are important. When growing Podbelskaya cherry pay attention to:
- Formation of the crown of the tree. Already from the age of one year, formative trimming is carried out. Also dried branches are removed.
- Fertilizer. The first fertilizer after planting is carried out in 2-3 years. Use humus and superphosphate.
- Mulching. Sawdust and peat are used to suppress weed growth and protect the tree root system from overheating.
There are also separate recommendations for gardeners who grow this variety of cherries in cool climates. Before winter, they carry out mulching and warming. It is important to insulate the trunk with burlap, agrofibre and other materials.
It is important to warm the Cherry Podbelskaya for the winter with the help of agrofibre
Diseases and pests
Podbelskaya cherry is moderately resistant to diseases and pests. The greatest danger among the pests are aphid, caterpillars and slimy sawfly. They damage young shoots, foliage and buds. It is possible to counteract the harmful effects of pests with the help of broad-spectrum insecticides and copper sulfate.
It is necessary to take certain measures against diseases. The greatest danger to culture is:
- Comedication Manifested by the formation of a brilliant amber or brown plaque on the aerial parts of the tree.
- Coccomycosis. The disease is characterized by a change in the color of young shoots and foliage; they turn brown.
- Spotting It is characterized by damage to the foliage of the plant. Holes are formed on it and it changes its color.
- Fruit and gray rot. Damage to the fruit of the tree.
The fight against disease begins in March, before the first leaves on the tree. It is necessary to treat the plant with a solution of Bordeaux mixture. A 3% Nitrofen solution is also suitable, but its frequent use is not recommended by specialists. This remedy has a beneficial effect when it is used 1 time in 4 years.
Podbelskaya cherry has a high yield and bright taste characteristics of the fruit. The berries are large, juicy and have a pleasant sweet-sour taste. They are often used for fresh consumption, as well as for the preparation of desserts and juices.
To get a big harvest, you need to follow all the recommendations for care: from proper watering to the necessary measures to combat diseases and pests.
Grade: Cherry, Podbelsky
Kochs Ostheimer, Minister von Podbielski, Kohova, Minister Podbelsky, Podbelskaya.
It was bred by K. Koch in Germany at the end of the 19th century from the crossing of the variety Griot Ostheim with cherry Lot. Zoned since 1947 and included in the State Register of the North Caucasus region.
Disadvantages: lack of resistance to low negative temperatures, large sizes of plants create problems for the care and harvest.
Regions in which this variety Cherry, Podbelsky, reveals to the maximum all its fruit abilities
History and description of the variety
The history of the origin of the remarkable variety of cherries, Podbelskaya, is associated with the name of K. Koch, who in the 19th century in Germany crossed the Lotovaya variety with Griot Ostheim. In the North Caucasus region, this sort of cherry was zoned and entered into a special State register in 1947. If we talk about the description of the cherry Podbelskaya, then this fruit tree is vigorous, can have a height of more than 5 meters. Crohn has a rounded shape, and after a while it becomes a kind of flat-rounded, with a large number of leaves. The tree trunk is distinguished by the ash-brown color of its bark, on which longitudinal cracks are clearly visible.
Skeletal branches are dark brown in color and deviate from the trunk at an angle of about 70 degrees. The shoots of the tree grow up, the leaves are quite large in size, dark green and with a slight shine. They have an obovoid or wide-oval shape, and they are also characterized by a sharp beginning of the apex.
The edges of the leaflets are serrate or dvuykootupopilchatye. In each of the beautiful inflorescences, you can see about 4 flowers - large, shaped like saucer, with rounded petals. Fruiting in this variety of cherry mixed. Fruits appear in close proximity to each other, 1 to 2 each, their weight can reach 5 g. They have a dark red color, they are flat-round, the seam is located near the top. The flesh is dark red, the fibers are perfectly visible, with a delicate pleasant taste.
Harvesting grown fruit trees can only be expected three or four years after planting.
Fruits have a bone, which is characterized by an average size, light brown color, which can be freely removed from the pulp. The size of the stem is about 28 - 37 mm, it is quite thick, and attached to the fruit slightly. In the Volga region, the fruits of this cherry contain about 19, 6% of special dry substances, 17 mg per 100 g of ascorbic acid, 1, 2% of free acids, 10, 7% of sugars. And in the Krasnodar Territory, these figures are somewhat different - 15, 2% of dry, 9, 7% of ascorbic acid, 1, 2% of free acids, 10, 7 percent of sugars.
In terms of flowering, this plant can be attributed to the early ones, and the rate of ripening in this variety is early-medium cherry. Cherry Podbelskaya is self-productive, and the best pollinators for it are Mai Duc, English Early, Griot Ostgeymsky, Anadolskaya, Lotova, as well as cherries. The variety has a high rate of productivity, especially in the southern regions of Russia, where, thanks to good climatic conditions, a great harvest of this beautiful berry is gathered.
The history of the cultivation of cherries Podbelskaya
Sources indicate that the variety was created at the end of the nineteenth century in Germany by K. Koch. Cherry Podbelskaya obtained by crossing Griot Ostheims with cherry Lotto, named in honor of the Minister of Agriculture of Prussia from 1893 to 1897, Victor von Podbelsky.
Still on the land of Brandenburg, in the town of Barentim there grows a cherry tree of the Podbelskaya variety, which is 80 years old. Despite its venerable age, the tree is healthy and gives fruits of delicious taste, used fresh, stewed fruit, baked goods and as jam. In Germany, the variety is considered rare.
80-year-old cherry tree Podbelskaya fruits still
Description and characteristics of the variety
The variety was included in the State Register in 1947 in the North Caucasus region, and it is also grown in the Lower Volga region. In Ukraine, the variety is distributed in almost all areas. Cherry Podbelskaya fell in love in Moldova and is cultivated in Central Asia.
The tree is tall, the crown is thick and spreading, round shape. It is characterized by intensive growth. Due to the large size of the trees, there are problems with the care and harvest.
The trunk is covered with gray-brown bark, the skeletal branches are dark, thick. Young shoots grow up. The leaves are large - more than 10 cm in length, oval, sharply tapering at the apex. The sheet plate is opaque, dark green color.
Flowering varieties of cherry Podbelskaya early. The flowers are white, large, gathered in clusters of three or four. Corolla flower more than 3 cm. Both annual shoots and shoots of two, three and four years are involved in fruiting. As the tree ages, fruiting shifts to the periphery of the crown.
White flowers of the cherry Podbelskaya are very large, their corolla is more than 3 cm
Cherry Podbelskaya refers to large-fruited varieties. The shape of the berries is round or rounded-heart-shaped, the average weight is up to five grams. According to the biological characteristics of the fruit are described as a hybrid of sweet cherry and cherry. The funnel is wide. Separation from the stem is mostly dry. The skin is dark red to black, rather dense. The flesh is blood-red, dense, juicy, sweet with a little sourness and a special tart flavor. The stone is oval, small, easily separated.
Cherry Podbelskaya mid-ripening. The fruits ripen at different times, but do not fall. Depending on the place where trees grow, the peak of fruit bearing occurs in the second half of June (Crimea, North Caucasus) or in early July (Lower Volga region). Thanks to its rich, magnificent taste and large size, the berries are used as a dessert for making ice cream, cakes, liqueurs, and wine. Cherry can also be frozen, dried, make blanks: compotes, juices, preserves.
Large rounded-heart-shaped berries of the Cherry variety Podbelskaya juicy, sweet-sour, with spicy bitterness
The variety is not skoroplodny. Fruiting begins in six - seven year old trees and gradually increases in the future. Productivity is high. In the Krasnodar Territory, cherry trees from seven to seventeen years old produce on average 12-13 kg of berries. The maximum yield for cherries of this age was about forty kilograms per tree.
The climate of Crimea is best suited for the Podbelskaya variety. Mild winters and not so dry summer months have a beneficial effect on crop formation. In the Crimea, an average of 75 kg of berries is harvested from one 20-30-year-old tree, and the maximum yield described was twice as high.
Cherry hardiness Podbelskaya average. Generative buds do not tolerate temperature fluctuations, and during severe frosts, trees suffer from frost breeders. It is best to cultivate a variety of warm southern regions with mild winters without critical temperature fluctuations. Comfortable temperature range of the variety is very narrow, as the drought resistance and heat resistance of Podbelskaya cherry are lower than average.
Disease resistance of the variety is average. Treatments against pathogens are hampered by the large growth of mature cherry trees. All these features more than pay off the high productivity of the variety.
Cherry varieties Podbelskaya samoobesplodnaya. The following varieties are best suited as pollinators: Griot Ostheim, Lotovaya, Anadolskaya, English Early, May Duke, as well as early flowering varieties of sweet cherries.
Features of growing and care
For planting cherry varieties Podbelskaya choose bright warm areas, protected from the winds. You can not plant trees in the lowlands, where water stagnates, as excess moisture can lead to rotting of the roots.
For planting choose one or biennial seedlings. When buying pay attention to the condition of planting material. The branches must be flexible, the buds on them alive and free of defects. It is preferable to choose a container tree. If only open-root seedlings are on sale, check the condition of the roots. They must be well developed, slightly moist, with no areas of decay or injury.
It is best to plant in the spring. The soil in the southern regions is often fertile, light in composition, with a slightly acidic or close to neutral reaction, which is most favorable for the cultivation of cherries. To ensure the harvest of berries when planting cherries, Podbelskaya is also reserved for future pollinators, given that the roots of the trees are located on the crown projection area. A powerful wide crown develops near the Podbelskaya cherry, so the distance from the seedling should be no less than three to four meters.
The landing process consists of several consecutive steps:
- Dig a hole the size of 70x70x60 cm
- Mix the top fertile soil layer with an equal amount of humus and a bucket of sand.
- Fix the planting stake and fill up one third of the depth of the pit soil mixture.
- Place the sapling so that the root neck rises above the soil level.
The roots of the seedling must be carefully straightened over the earthen mound
The seedling can not be tightly tied to a peg, because the soil will settle and can damage the roots of the tree
Mulching retains moisture in the soil, preventing the formation of a dry peel
In the next three to four years, the sapling does not need additional feedings. Watering provide regular, but on demand. To do this, check the condition of the soil under a layer of mulch. Plants it is important to provide watering 3 times per season:
- During flowering and fruit set.
- After harvesting.
- In the fall, three to four weeks to establish a constant low temperature.
To prevent fungal diseases in the spring, planting cherries is treated with 1% solution of copper sulphate or Bordeaux mixture. In early spring and autumn, whitewashing of the bole and major skeletal branches is carried out to protect the bark from sudden changes in temperature and sunburn. Over the summer, freshly cut grass is added to the tree trunk to protect the roots from overheating and to suppress the growth of weeds around the tree.
Immediately after planting, the stem is shortened to a height of 60–65 cm. Subsequently, taking into account the intensive growth of the Podbelskaya cherry and the tendency to thickening of the crown, they are trying to give it a rarefied longline form.
In the fourth or fifth year, the crown is restricted at a height of 3.5-4 m from the ground, removing part of the central conductor above the last skeletal branch. If this is not done, the tree will reach a height of more than five meters, which will lead to difficulties in the care and harvest.
In vigorous trees form a sparse-tiered crown, which ensures the strength of skeletal branches and good illumination
In trees older than five to six years, pruning is reduced to maintaining the shape and removal of weak, sick, broken, intersecting, rubbing, growing inside the crown of branches. But the difficulties of care pays off the abundance and quality of the harvest of berries.
Reviews on variety Podbelskaya
For the Volyn region with high humidity, only disease-resistant varieties are suitable; otherwise, after coccomycosis, the picture is deplorable. I think the best variety is the Podbelskaya cherry - one drawback, it comes into full fruiting for 7 years, but very large and tasty fruits, at 15 years old - a harvest of 40 kg from a tree. Also for Ukraine, promising grade Nochka-1 (size and taste, I don’t know for stability). Also all suitable for Russia varieties, which will be discussed below.
We have a lot of ripe cherries this year. Variety Podbelskaya cherry is the most delicious that I ate. It is large, juicy, dark in color and its taste is sweet and sour. I close only a couple of cans of 0.5 liters for the winter in my own juice. Also just freeze in the fridge and then boil dumplings and stewed fruit. Once this cherry was not found and narwhal, and the cherries Shpanka closed the cherry — I didn’t like it very much –– too sour. It is necessary to tear carefully, it is better from the stairs, many people break their arms and legs if they tear cherry from the tree. She has fragile wood.
I was pleased with the sweet cherry, bought as a variety of Drogan yellow, but it does not look like it. Most likely on a grade Tenderness. A good harvest was also on the grade Dilema.
Cherry Podbelskaya - the most delicious.
According to VNIISPK. Podbelskaya. The tree is vigorous, reaches a height of 5 m or more, forms a beautiful, rounded, strongly leafy crown. Self-infertile, the best early pollinators are English Early, Mai Duc, Griot Ostheims, Lotovaya, Anadolskaya, and also cherries. My Podbelskaya region has been growing for several years, but there are no pollinators for it, therefore the yield is extremely low. It never froze out (and we are in the north of Ukraine), it blooms remarkably, it does not tie fruit, so this year I finally pollinate for it (maybe unsuccessful ones, which are necessary - with us or not, or not growing). Consult Chereshka and immediately plant pollinators.
Despite the apparent complexity, the cultivation of cherries Podbelskaya from gardeners is not considered a troublesome thing. It doesn’t matter if it’s true or that the delicious taste of berries outweighs the complexity of care. The main thing is that the old variety of cherries Podbelskaya retains its value after a hundred years and continues to delight its exquisite taste in the age of the Internet and spacecraft.
Breeding history and breeding region
The variety was obtained in the 19th century in Germany by crossing the variety Lot and Griot Ostheim. The author Podbelskoy is German botanist and breeder Karl Kohh.
The new variety successfully passed the tests, was zoned in 1947, was included in the register of North Caucasus region. In the literature there are other names Podbelskoy: Minister Podbelsky, Kohova.
For cultivation in this region are well suited and such varieties Black Large, Minx and Toy.
Appearance of cherry Podbelskaya
Cherry Podbelskaya has its individual traits and qualities that will distinguish it from other varieties.
Podbelskaya represents bushy tall tree, reaching 5 meters in height. The young tree is endowed with a rounded, dense, densely leafy crown. Over time, the shape becomes flatter.
The bark is fairly smooth, with longitudinal cracks, brown with an ashy tone.
The branches are skeletal, large, brown, moving away from the trunk at an angle of 65-70 °. Shoots are directed upwards, and with the appearance of fruits on them bend.
The leaves are large and medium in size (up to 12 cm in length and 6 cm in width), of wide oval shape, bipedulate at the edges, dull, green, shaggy and lighter below. Small scape.
The Cherry variety Podbelskaya differs in plentiful, fragrant blossoming. The flowers are large, 3-4 in each inflorescence. Petals are rounded.
Berries are large, up to 6 grams each, flat-rounded shape. Color burgundy, almost black.
The flesh is juicy, fibrous, dark red. Saturated sweet-sour taste. Juice is dark red. From this variety will make excellent homemade drinks (juices, compotes).
An interesting fact is that the content of ascorbic acid may vary depending on the growing region. In the gardens The lower Volga region ascorbic acid content is 7-18 mg per 100 gramsand in the Krasnodar Territory the figures are slightly lower and make up only 9-10 mg.
The stone is small, round, light brown, well separated from the pulp.
Characteristics of the variety
Consider the main characteristics of Podbelskoy.
Podbelskaya refers to an early variety in terms of flowering and early-average in terms of ripening berries. In the server areas of the Caucasus harvest ripens around June 16-18and in the gardens of the Lower Volga in early July. The maturation of the crop may vary slightly depending on the place of cultivation.
The variety is self-infertile, needs pollination.
Zhukovskaya, Malinovka and Turgenevka belong to the self-infertile varieties.
The tree is very sensitive to frost, poorly resistant to frost.
Generative buds often freeze over during the frosty, snowy winters. Flowers and buds can freeze during the spring night frosts.
Grafted shrubs come into fruition only 5 years after planting.
Indicators of the first yields are insignificant. With age, they increase and by the age of 12-15 the tree bears fruit very abundantly. On average, a tree 12-14 years old can be collected 30-40 kg of berries. The highest yields were recorded in the Crimea: up to 70-76 kg from a bush.
Such varieties as the Memory of Enikeeva, Rovesnitsa, Zhivitsa and Kharitonovskaya demonstrate high yields.
Planting and care
It is not difficult to care for cherries, but growing requires responsible approach, regular care and attention.
How to plant a cherry.
In the central, middle lane, it is better to plant cherry trees in spring. In our lane, the first cold weather comes early, so in the fall the sapling may not have time to take root well and adapt.
If the seedlings were harvested in the fall, they need to prikopat until spring.
If you are going to plant several fruit trees, the distance between the seedlings should not be less than two meters apart in a row, and between rows not less than 2.5 meters.
Pay attention to the groundwater level. If it is more than 1.5-2 meters, you need to make an additional earthen mound. Do not plant cherries in the valley to avoid stagnation of water in the soil and freezing of fruit buds.
A deep groove is excavated for planting (approximately 50 by 50 cm). The excavated earth is mixed with humus, add 30 grams of superphosphate, 20 grams of potassium chloride and 1 kg of wood ash. Pay attention to the composition of the soil. If it is heavy and clayey, add a bucket of sand.
A seedling is placed in a hole, covered with prepared soil and poured over two buckets of water. The root neck after landing should be at ground level.
Before planting, be sure to inspect the roots of the seedling. Damaged parts must be carefully removed. After planting, it is recommended to make mulching around the seedling. Suitable as mulch: compost, sawdust, humus.
Proper care of cherries.
The volume of water on 1 tree is about 3 liters. You can increase watering during flowering, ovary, after the leaves fall.
The first fertilizer must be applied immediately during planting. After that, 2.3 years is not necessary to feed.
It is necessary to care for the soil around the tree, especially in the first years of life. From time to time you need to loosen the soil, remove weeds, collect fallen leaves. In autumn, the ground around the bush digging. Spring limited to surface loosening.
Cherry Podbelskaya needs annual pruning. In the spring it is necessary to cut dried, damaged, broken branches. It is also necessary to remove the old dried bark. The young bush needs shaping pruning, so that the crown will gradually acquire the correct, beautiful shape. Formative pruning begins at one-year age.