Garden

Apple Tree Screen

Onion-grade apples are appreciated for their beautiful appearance and excellent taste.

Given the high yield and ability not to lose their properties when stored for up to five months, this variety is confidently gaining popularity in horticultural farms. The unpretentiousness of apple trees and their resistance to diseases contribute to this.

What kind is it?

Onscreen - a hybrid variety of apples of the autumn harvest, well tolerated in winter, unpretentious, moderately resistant to diseases, high yields.

Hybrid obtained at the breeding station of Sverdlovsk, is popular among gardeners of the Urals and Ural. Approved for distribution in the East-Siberian region, included in the State Register of the Volga-Vyatka region. Promising for distribution over a wider area.

Self-infertile variety, However, The screen is perfectly pollinated by other varieties growing in the same area.

Apples can be processed in any way, they easily transfer transportation. Fruits can be stored for up to 5 months without losing taste. The best way to store is to lie in a cellar, on a balcony or in a refrigerator, when placed in a vegetable pit in a packed form, decay begins from the inside.

Variety Description Screen

The photo shows a branch of apple varieties on-screen and the description below.

  1. The tree of the Screen variety grows medium in size (about 3 meters) and grows quickly.
  2. Crown shape - round, sprawling, medium density.
  3. The shoots are round, thin, curved, at the bottom grow almost perpendicular to the trunk, curving up. The thickness of the shoots is small, the section is rounded, the bark on them is smooth, brownish-brown. The main branches are covered with bark with a green tinge.
  4. The tree is lined with a medium degree, the leaf is medium-sized, finely wrinkled, the color is dark green. Leaf shape is round or oval, with elongated petioles, at the top of the leaf - a short sharpening, along the edge - serrate teeth.
  5. Buds creamy color, flowers medium size, white and pinkish, cup-shaped.
  6. Fruit weight reaches 90 g, sometimes even 100 g. Formed mainly on spears and kolchatka biennials. Apples are distinguished by a regular rounded shape, with an unexpressed funnel, often on it a one-sided influx. Fruits are covered with a smooth peel with gloss, there is a waxy bloom. The main color is a light greenish, with a pronounced reddish-pink or purple blush all over the surface.
  7. The flesh is light cream, high density and juiciness, pricking type, with a fine grain, tender. Tastes are good, the taste is sour-sweet. The aroma is moderately expressed, pleasant.

  • sugar - 10.6%, can be up to 15.6%,
  • fruit acids - 0.66-0.98%,
  • catechins - 167.8-320.3 mg per 100 g,
  • ascorbic acid - capacity reduced: 6.16 mg per 100 g

Breeding history

Tasty, juicy, beautiful, fruitful grade of apples Screen grown by Sverdlovsk gardening breeding station in 2002. Authorship and patent belong to the famous breeder Kotov Leonid Andrianovich.

The variety is obtained as a result of fertilization of the variety Yantar with pollen Gem, Asterisk and Orange. The greatest probability belongs to Zvezdochka - this conclusion was made on the basis of the appearance of strongly pronounced characteristics of this variety in the hybrid.

Natural growth region

Screen was launched with the aim of spreading in the Urals, in the same region and received the widest popularity. However, due to its unpretentiousness to the soil and climatic conditions, this variety is easily adapted in other horticultural regions.

Moreover, bred specifically for the harsh climatic conditions of the Middle Urals, in regions with a milder climate, this variety gets better, grows better and bears fruit. Apple trees do not require special conditions; they can be grafted onto other varieties or grown in shtambov way (that is, as separate trees).

Yield

Up to 64 kg of apples can be obtained from one tree, on average - 20 kg.

During the years of testing, 54 centners received from a hectare (this is 6.4 centners more than Antonovka), for 6 years of cultivation, this figure rose to 116 centners.

Fruiting occurs on the third or fifth year after the graft engraftment and on the sixth and seventh - after planting the seedling. Crop harvested in late August or early September, an indicator of the maturity of the fruit - a dark brown color of seeds.

Planting and care

The screen is not demanding on the soil and climate, the conditions for its planting or vaccination are determined by standard rules. The difference in conditions may affect perhaps the chemical composition of the fruit.

Planting time seedling - from spring to autumn. In spring and summer, cloudy days with lower air temperature are better suited for planting.. If the sapling has already bloomed - you need to cut off all the flowers, so that the plant spends maximum strength to take root. But nevertheless it is best to plant a tree in the middle of autumn - then the full growth of the tree will begin next year.

After planting the seedling requires abundant watering..

Since the variety is self-infertile, it is necessary to ensure the possibility of pollination by other varieties. There are no special requirements, it is enough to grow other varieties of apple trees nearby, - The screen is highly pollinated.

Diseases and pests

Apple Trees Screen resistant to scab.

Separate cases of the disease are observed in years with high humidity and epiphytoties (epidemic spread of infectious plant diseases), that is, when a general increase in the incidence is observed.

If the year was wet, you definitely need special treatment for scab, powdery mildew. To pests resistance is also average, with large volumes of infection the tree will need treatment.

Screen received high recommendations of gardeners for high taste and good yield, winter hardiness and unpretentiousness. Tasty, ruddy apples of this variety are stored for a long time. and can decorate even the New Year's table. In addition, they are well tolerated transportation. Quite good harvesting for the winter of these apples, including juices.

The history of creating an apple

The variety of apples Screen was registered in 2002. This variety of trees was bred in the Sverdlovsk Horticulture Breeding Station. The patent belongs to LA Kotov, a well-known breeder.

The hybrid was created by crossing the following apple trees: Asterisk, Orange, Gem.

Characteristics of the apple

Description of apple varieties Screen:

The plant is unpretentious. You can grow it in most parts of the Russian Federation. However, the yield of fruit trees is higher in the following regions: in the Ural region and the Volga-Vyatka region. This variety of apple trees in general is characterized by high yields - on average, about 20 kg of fruit can be obtained from a tree, and some gardeners sometimes brought this figure to 50 kg.

The plant is resistant to many diseases. In particular, this species of apple is resistant to scab.

Important! With prolonged torrential rains, the resistance of the plant to diseases decreases. Therefore, from time to time you need to carry out the treatment of plants from pests and diseases.

The height of the tree trunk does not exceed 3 meters. The tree grows with high speed. The crown of trees is sprawling and has a round shape of medium density. Tree branches are compactly located and directed to the top. The bark of the trunk and branches is smooth and has a greenish tint. The leaves of the apple tree are of medium size, round or oval, dark green in color. Blossoming rather plentiful, flowers of the average size, white color with a pink shade.

Characteristics of ripe fruit:

  • apples of medium size (weight of one fruit is about 90 g),
  • fruits have a rounded shape, without flaws,
  • color is light green, with a slight reddish blush.

The peel of a ripe fruit has a smooth surface with a glossy shine. The flesh of the fruit has a cream shade, after cutting it quickly darkens and becomes dark orange or brown.

Ripe apple is very juicy, boasts a pleasant sweet-sour taste. A ripe apple smells very nice. Experts who evaluated the taste and appearance of apples rated this variety as 4.7 out of 5. Harvesting is done in the middle or at the end of autumn.

Ripe apples on screen

Features care for an apple tree

The plant is unpretentious and does not require special care. Seedlings can be planted in spring and autumn. It is allowed to plant seedlings in the summer, but only on rainy days. At the same time you need to know that when planting in the summer, seedlings require more maintenance and much more difficult to take root. The most favorable period for planting seedlings is mid-autumn. It is during this period that the plant takes root best.

1-2 months before planting you need to dig a hole. This is done to ensure that the earth subsided. The depth and width of the hole is determined by the development of the seedling root system. The approximate dimensions of the hole - a depth of 60 cm and a width of 80 cm. In the hole you need to fall asleep fertilizer and only after planting an apple seedling.

Important! Blooming of saplings is not allowed. If the tree is still blooming, then you need to get rid of all the flowers. Such a radical measure is needed so that all the forces of the seedling are aimed at strengthening the root.

With the onset of spring, seedlings should be watered frequently (at least 2 buckets of water at a time). In order for the plant to settle down faster, it is desirable to fertilize and enrich the soil. The best means for enriching the soil are nitrogen fertilizers.

This variety of apple trees belong to the self-fruitful varieties, therefore it is necessary to create conditions for the pollination of flowers by other apple trees.

Attention! In the spring and summer, preventive measures should be taken, treating plants from pests and diseases. This should be done despite the fact that the plant is sufficiently resistant to diseases. It is also recommended to periodically apply a middle layer of lime on the lower part of the trunk.

In summer, all care is reduced to frequent watering. If the branches of the apple are damaged or begin to dry up, then they are desirable to cut.

In autumn, the soil should be enriched with mineral fertilizers. In late autumn, the roots of the tree need to be warmed. For this, the ground around should be covered with any insulating materials.

Before the onset of winter you need to protect the trunk of the plant from pests. To do this, around the trunk need to lay peat and compost. Also, the trunks need to be tightly tied with lapnik. In this case, the rodents will not be able to reach the tree and damage its bark and trunk.

If the care is correct, then the apple tree will begin to bear fruit for 3-5 years after budding, or for 6-7 years after planting a new apple tree.

Attention! In the first year the tree gives a small crop. However, with each year yields will increase.

Harvesting is desirable to produce carefully, without damaging the branches and fruits. To transport and store ripe apples should be in boxes or boxes. Taste allows you to use the fruit for different purposes. The variety of apples onscreen can be:

  • use fresh,
  • dry,
  • freeze,
  • make jams and preserves from them
  • squeeze juice
  • cook cider

For long-term storage is required to collect immature fruits. Keep the crop in a cool dark place, preferably in a cellar or a refrigerator. With proper storage, fruits can maintain their presentation for 5 months.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

This variety of apples is mainly characterized on the positive side. It has a large number of advantages, the main of which are:

  • Presentation: the fruits as on selection - small, light green color, with a red or pink blush.
  • Ripe apple has excellent taste and pleasant smell. Experts estimate the taste of this class of 4.7 points out of 5.
  • High yield: up to 50 kg of fruits can be collected from a single tree.
  • Versatility: apples can be used for making juices, compotes, jams, preserves.
  • The possibility of long-term storage: when you create the necessary conditions, the fruits can maintain their appearance and taste up to 5 months.

The disadvantages of this variety of apple trees are not many. The main disadvantages are:

  • Low ascorbic acid content.
  • Low content of other nutrients.
  • The need to create conditions for pollination.

More deficiencies in apple varieties Screen no. The apple tree requires the same care as any other fruit tree.

The variety of apples Screen is very popular among gardeners. All this is due to its high yield, taste and presentation. In addition, this type of fruit trees has almost no flaws, except for the low content of nutrients in the fruit. The plant does not require special care. You can grow a fruit tree of this variety throughout Russia.

Tree description

The tree is distinguished by its rapid growth, smooth greenish bark, and brown, thin shoots. Crohn rounded, sprawling, with straight, not too thickly growing branches, the growth of branches directed from the trunk upwards.

The foliage is dark green, in the form of a wide oval, with a jagged edge. Leaves are opaque, located on long petioles. The entire lamina is covered with thin (like a mesh) veins with a pronounced central vein, clearly separating the sheet in half along.

Fruit Description

Fruits of an apple-tree of an equal roundish form, average size: weight fluctuates from 60 to 100 grams. Glossy peel covered with a touch of wax. During ripeness, the fruits become yellow-green in color with a bright pink-red blush. Apple distinctive feature - a swollen funnel with a tubercle of brown color. Cream-colored flesh, dense, juicy, fine-grained structure. The taste of sweet and sour apples with a pleasant aroma. In a large heart, open seed chambers, seeds are dark brown, small.

“Screen” is a self-infertile variety, it is perfectly pollinated by other varieties of apple trees growing next to it. Suitable pollinators there will be the same autumn varieties: Oryol Striped, Scala, Uspenskoye, and Sun.

Application

Fruits are well stored, but if they are allowed to overripe, the shelf life will decrease. Store the harvest in a cold place (cellar, unheated balcony). Thus, it can also be consumed fresh in the winter: a shelf life of up to five months.

Fruits are suitable for processing: they make juices, compotes, jams and preserves.

Choosing a place

Culture is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, but it is better if it is fertile and neutral. Poor neighborhood - closely growing old trees with an extensive root system, they will deprive the sapling with nutrition and moisture, close from sunlight. Place to pick open, not prone to drafts.

Stepwise landing process

Autumn landing. A couple of months before planting, dig a hole in order to sod the soil. The size of the pit about 50x50 cm, focus on the length of the roots. The best time to plant in the fall is after leaf fall. During this period, the sapling will begin to actively build up the root system, and the aerial part will be at rest until spring.

In order not to wake dormant buds, do not put fertilizer on the bottom of the pit. To support the seedling, you need to drive a peg one and a half meters long into the bottom of the pit. The roots of a young tree straightened, placed on the bottom of the hole and covered with earth. At the same time, the root neck is flush with the edge of the pit, and the soil is carefully tamped down.

A sapling is tied to a peg and must be watered, even if it rains.After watering, the land can significantly subside: you should still pour the soil. Closer to winter, mineral fertilizers are scattered over the surface of the ground — they will lie under the snow until spring, and then they will seep to the roots with melt water, feeding them. Spring landing characterized by the fact that fertilizer must be put in the planting hole, if the soil is acidic, wood ash is added. “Ideal Universal” can be used as a fertilizer: it is mixed with fertile soil, a pit is placed on the bottom and a bucket of water is poured there.

The seedling is lowered to the bottom, straightening the roots, covered with soil. After they carry out watering - when the soil has subsided, add more. The root neck of the seedling is flush with the surface. To protect the tree from the wind, pegs are driven in a circle.

Seasonal care features

Caring for an apple tree begins with planting. If you planted it before winter, do not forget to sprinkle fertilizer, so that in the spring the tree will already absorb useful substances. If in the spring - immediately after planting, the trunk should be cut to a length of two or three buds, this will provoke branches to active growth. The sapling also shortens the lateral branches, but only if they are longer than the central stem.

Soil care

In the spring, under a tree in the absence of precipitation, once a week they pour out a bucket of water for a month and a half. Then watering is reduced to two to three weeks. In the heat and drought, they pour water once every two weeks with two buckets of water.

After watering, the trunk circle is covered with mulch: compost, rotted manure, biohumus, straw or dry grass is put on top. Mulch, firstly, will serve as an ideal environment for earthworms, which will do the work for you to loosen the soil, and secondly, will restrain the growth of weeds. From the loose soil of the root system of an apple tree, it is easier to extract moisture, food and oxygen, therefore from time to time it should be wielded with a chopper. Weeds also need to get rid of, so they do not deprive the growing seedling with nutrients.

In April, the first dressing is carried out: five buckets of humus with half a liter of urea are laid out in a tree near the trunk as a mulch. A month later, the leaves are sprayed with an aqueous solution of sodium humate (1 tablespoon liters per 10 liters of water): 10 liters per tree.

During the flowering period make this solution:

  • urea - 150 g,
  • superphosphate - 250 g,
  • potassium sulfate - 200 g,
  • stir in 50 liters of water, insist week.
Four solution buckets are brought under each tree - if it rains heavily at this time, it is necessary to bring the components in a dry state into the tree trunk circle.

On hot summer days, the leaves are sprayed, adding wood ash to the water.

Fight against diseases and pests

In early spring, preventive treatment is carried out for fungal diseases and insect larvae: trees are sprayed with a solution of urea (700 g per 10 liters of water).

The second insect treatment is done after the trees have faded. The treatment is carried out with a 10% solution of any insecticide drug (Actellic, Karbofos). Against diseases, preventive treatments are carried out. preparations containing copper.

In the autumn, after harvesting, the trees are sprayed for the third time - with 5% urea solution. Spraying need to have time to hold up to leaf fall. The solution will protect against diseases and parasites.

For insect control you can attract birds to the garden - if you have troughs hanging every year, the birds themselves will know where there is food for them. If there is a need for special preparations, the following will help to control pests: Benzofosat and Karate Zeon - both drugs can be used during the flowering period, as they are safe for bees.

The variety "Screen" is resistant to many diseases, including scab, often affecting fruit trees. But during frequent precipitations there is still danger. Prevention is carried out in early spring using Bordeaux liquid, copper oxychloride or copper sulfate. An effective remedy against fungal diseases - drug "Hom".

We will understand when you need to prune an apple tree. For the first time pruning spend sapling after landing, shortening the skeletal shoots that are longer than the trunk. According to the rules of pruning it is carried out either in spring or in autumn. Summer can not be cut off, because during this period there is an active circulation of juice inside.

Thinner branches will take a pruner, if you need to cut strong and thick branches - it is better to take a saw. All tools must be sharply honed, otherwise the edges of the slices will heal for a long time. For processing cuts do garden var. You should know that the old dry branches are treated immediately, smearing first with a mixture of copper sulphate and lime (1:10). Young flexible branches are processed by the barb the next day.

After the first pruning, the tree can rest from the procedure for two or three years. Remove only damaged shoots. Subsequently, the branches are shortened by two thirds, forming a crown: remove the branches that interfere with the growth of the main shoots, which grow inside the crown and get out of shape.

Frost and Rodent Protection

To protect against frost, the trunk circle covers the mulch: peat and compost in equal parts. The trunks of the trees are whitewashed and covered with spruce leaves, tightly wrapped so that the rodents do not get there. Trunks need to be tied up until the bark of the tree is so hard that it is no longer a treat for mice and rabbits.

Lower branches of adult apple trees smear the following solution: 100 g of wood glue, 0.5 kg of copper sulphate, 1 kg of clay and 3 kg of hydrated lime - all this per 10 liters of water. In winter, it is advisable to trample snow in a circle and remove it from the branches so that they do not break under its weight.

Apple "Screen" received good reviews from gardeners, it is eagerly grown, especially in regions with a cold climate. Gardeners celebrate disease resistance, high yields and excellent taste characteristics.

Autumn Apple Screen

In the Urals, the relief is rather dissected and non-uniform. Most of the territory is occupied by mountains, which create a climate barrier.

On the west side, the climate is much milder, with more rainfall. On the east side more severe and arid.

For this reason in the region, not all fruit crops have a good survival rate. In order for the inhabitants of the Urals to enjoy the use of delicious and healthy apples, the screen variety has been developed.

Due to its characteristics, the fruit crop not only gained good fame in the Urals, but also in other regions of Russia.

When choosing this variety for your garden, gardeners need to familiarize themselves with all the characteristics of the apple tree, its proper planting and further care.

Photo and description of the variety

Apple Tree Screen - high-yielding variety of autumn fruit ripening period. This crop was obtained at the Sverdlovsk horticultural station, from pollination of apple trees Yantar with a mixture of pollen of the following varieties:

"Parents" of Apple Screen.

Most gardeners and breeders believe that Asterisk is the main fertilizer, since all its characteristics are characteristic of the variety. The author of the variety is Kotov L. A., it was he who worked to create a fruit crop for the territory of the Urals.

Tasting evaluation

Fruit below average size, weighing 60 - 80 gr.have a shiny, smooth surface. Greenish-yellow skin with a bright blush over the entire surface. The flesh is fine-grained, slightly aromatic, with a good sweet-sour taste.

Apple Fruits Screen.

Disease resistance

Apple tree has enough good immunity to scab. But still, in years of high humidity, rare cases of infection with infectious diseases occur.

Onscreen can be affected by infectious diseases.

Andreeva Tatiana. “Screen - one of the best varieties for the Urals. In the year of planting a sapling, the summer was rather dry.

Despite this, the tree settled down safely and suffered winter frosts. Apple tree began to fructify in the fifth year after disembarkation. Apples are very tasty, presentation.

Due to long storage, our New Year's table is decorated with beautiful, fresh fruits collected from our site. ”

Nadia. St. Petersburg. “I really like the onscreen variety apples. They have an appetizing look and very tasty pulp.

I prepare various blanks from them: compotes, jams, jams, marmalades, juices and liqueurs.

Also due to good keeping quality, I add them to baking in winter. ”

Galina. “Personally, I’m not thrilled with the screen variety. The fruits are small, I would not call them the most delicious. Also heard that they are not even useful. I can not understand those gardeners who breed this culture on the site. "

Timing and landing scheme

The variety is not whimsical in choosing the time for planting. The seedling is well accustomed in the spring, summer and autumn.

For planting trees, dig a hole 60 cm deep and 80 cm wide, add humus, establish a seedling and bury it with soil.

After the work, the apple tree watered with 2 buckets of water.

Important! When planting a seedling in the summer, for good rooting, gardeners recommend cutting off all the color on the tree.

Watch the video on how to plant an apple tree:

Cultivation, agricultural technology

In order for the sapling to settle well, regular watering should be carried out throughout the summer. Further Apple care is as follows:

  1. The first three years after landing, in spring seedlings are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. Treating the tree from pests and whiten shtamb,
  2. Summer Do not allow drying of the stem. To do this, conduct timely watering plants
  3. In the autumn period make mineral fertilizers. In order to prevent diseases, cut off the damaged branches and whitewash the trunk. In order to avoid frosting of an apple, in winter, the tree is covered with insulating material.

Apple trees need regular care.

Cropping and crown formation

Apple tree Screen - a stunted culture, therefore Gardeners recommend that you form a crown with a stanzale or longline form.

The formation of a sparse-tier form of the crown.

Watch the video of how an apple tree is formed in the stanzale form:

Tip! Timely pruning of diseased, weak and curved branches will prevent the occurrence of diseases and contribute to the strength of growth of skeletal branches.

Fruit characteristics

Apple trees differ from other fruit crops by fruits that have a swimming funnelwith a little one-sided in the form of a tubercle.

Saucer medium size. Heart rather large. Seed chambers open.

Apples have a fairly high taste, but they contain a small amount of vitamins and nutrients.

Fruits of Apple Onscreen have high palatability.

Semi-culture

In the northern regions of Russiawhere in winter the temperature drops to minus 47 degrees, Gardeners inoculate a variety of on-screen varietals. Due to this, the apple tree rootstock is less damaged by severe frosts and comes into fruition earlier.

Adult semi-culture has height no more than 2 meters and a vertical, spreading crown. The first harvest can be obtained already in the 3rd year after vaccination. Fruits of a trade dress of a smaller size, weighing 50 - 70 gr.

In order to save space on the plot, the apple tree vaccinated to columnar varieties.

At the same time, the tree stock has a solid stem, in the form of a column, which is covered with collet. The crown is rather rare and does not need to be formed.

The standard apple tree often starts fruiting in the first year of planting. The first yield, as a rule, is a small number of fruits, but with subsequent years it rises sharply.

In central Russia

Apple Tree Screen It has all the indicators of a variety for growing in the Moscow region and central Russia.

For successful adaptation of a sapling in this region, planting trees spend in the autumn. The best time for this is the end of September.

With these planting dates, the seedling has time to take root, before the onset of the first frost.

In the middle lane, the landing of the screen is made in the fall.

Winters with little snow in the territories of Siberia affect the growth and development of apples. In order to avoid frosting of fruit crops in this region, gardeners are advised to prepare an apple tree before the winter period. For this fall:

  • tree trunk is mulched with compost,
  • whitish barrel
  • Cover the tree with covering material.

Watch a video about apple care in Siberia:

Need to know! In order to avoid the attack of rodents, it is not far from the apple trees that various baits are taken away from the tree.

Initially, the apple tree variety Screen was derived for the Urals. The apple tree is well adapted to the climatic conditions of this region.

But in order for the fruit crop to have annual growth, the rapid formation of fruit branches and increased frost resistance in this area, the tree needs sufficient nutrients and moisture.

To do this, in the first year they spend regular watering of apple trees. 2 years after planting, begin to feed the tree.

Apple tree The screen is well adapted to the climatic conditions of the Urals.

You can watch the video, what other varieties of apple trees are grown in the Urals:

Apple tree: planting, crown forming and pruning, apple care tips, breeding methods and varieties

The flowering of apple orchards at all times excited in people wonderful, sincere feelings.
Apple tree in bloom “Grandfather planted in the fall Young apple trees.

The grandchildren asked: - Will there be apples soon? - Wait, small, Nine winters winters, Nine friendly springs, Nine winters and springs - Until the tenth autumn.

- Grandfather, and grandfather, will you live out yourself? “I myself will not live - others will live, Will be remembered with good!”

This beautiful poem by Jan Rainis dedicated no less beautiful tree - apple. It belongs to the genus Apple tree family of pink.

Plants can be trees up to 15 m and shrubs about 4 m tall. There are about 50 species of this genus. Trees have strongly branched roots, usually located at a depth of about 1 m, but individual roots can go down to a depth of 2.5 m.

With the advent of many new varieties of apple harvest can be obtained much earlier than the tenth autumn.
Harvest in the apple orchard

In an apple tree, the branches are divided into fruitful ones, where later there will be fruits (apples) and growths. In the so-called "ditch" on the branches can also be spines. Tastes of fruits are different, as well as their color and size.

The taste of apples is different, just like color and size.

Apple trees come into fruition in different ways, it depends on the variety. Antonov’s beloved by many is the latest fruiting.

Antonovka. Elena Razdolina (erazdolina) Three types of apple trees are mainly used in gardening:

  1. The apple tree is home, which has produced a huge number of different varieties and which we have planted since time immemorial.
  2. Apple tree Chinese (schilomistnaya).
  3. Apple tree is low.

This article will focus on homemade apple, because this is the type that most gardeners choose to plant. You can plant an apple tree in the spring before bud breaks or in the autumn before the onset of frost for 2-3 months to allow the tree to take root. It is believed that when planting in autumn, the seedling takes root better, but in the Non-Black Earth region it is preferable to postpone planting in the spring.

Planting an apple tree. Photos from the site vgplay.it

  • Prepare holes in advance in the fall. If you plant in the fall, then prepare a pit for a month. The pit for planting should be somewhere around 1 m in diameter and 80 cm in depth, it is better to make semicircular walls with sheer edges.

  • Apple tree loves the soil of normal acidity. If the soil is acidic, add lime or dolomite flour when digging. Lime is not combined with phosphate fertilizers, so there must be a gap of at least 3 weeks between them. Lime also should not come into contact with the roots.

  • Planting mixture should consist of fertile soil, organic and mineral fertilizers.The soil is mixed with fertilizer before you fill the landing pit with a third of it. You can apply fertilizer to the soil immediately when digging. The figure above shows how to lower a seedling into a pit. Fertilizers can serve as compost or humus, about 2 buckets per pit, somewhere around 1 kg of wood ash and superphosphate. Try to better mix the fertilizer with the soil. When we laid the garden, in the fall, when digging up the soil, manure was added and the trees were planted for another year.

  • It is not recommended to plant fresh manure in a hole, it harms the roots. Also, do not add fertilizer with nitrogen to the planting mixture, it will slow down the survival of your seedlings.

Hole for planting an apple tree. Photo from the site klumba.guru Between the rows you need to take about 6 m, and between trees in the row - at least 4 m (this distance is suitable for strong-growing varieties, if your varieties are not strong-growing, you can take a distance less). For our latitudes, a sparsely-tiered or vase-like crown will be optimal.
Pruning apple trees The bottom line is to leave the center conductor, and form branches from the branches. An adult tree has 6-8 skeletal branches.1st year

  • If your seedling is 2-3 years old, and an annual runaway has already grown on it, it's time to lay the crown. Mark the shtamb, for this, measure 50 cm from the ground and mark it on the trunk.
  • We form the first “tier” - measure about 30 cm from the measured 50 cm. All the shoots that are located above must be cut out (above a well-developed bud).

2nd year

  • If next year any branches grow on the trunk, they should be removed.
  • Of the branches that we left last year above the trunk level, it is necessary to leave three branches. The lower one should be located at the level of 50 cm, the other 2 should be located up the trunk with a distance of about 15 cm from each other. In Figure 2 it can be seen that one branch is directed to one side, and the two remaining to the other. Also remove the branches that grew in the place of trimming the trunk. They have a sharp corner and will break and compete with the conductor.
  • Branches that are not included in the core, cut to the ring. What this means is described in the article Seven times measure, or the ABC trim. Some gardeners do not cut such branches, and bend in a horizontal plane. At the same time their growth will slow down, and fruiting may accelerate.
  • If the branches are less than 30 cm, leave them.
  • Trim the three skeletal branches so that they are on the same level.

Important: The center conductor even in an adult tree must be above the skeletal branches.

Sparse-tiered crown. Photos from the site bestgardener.ru

3rd year

  • Laying the next tier. Depart from the first three branches about 50 cm and lay 2 branches directed in different directions.
  • All branches align, for this protruding shortened.
  • Competing shoots need to be removed, shortened conductor growth.
  • Bent branches are shortened to the ring if they begin to thicken the crown.

4th year

  • A skeletal branch of the third tier is laid at a distance of about 40-50 cm.
  • Also the conductor is shortened, excess branches are cut off on a ring, shoots are shortened. This is the skeleton of the crown.
  • After a few years, a single branch will determine its central place; the central conductor must be cut off. You will get the height, which is then worth adhering to.



The formation of this type of crown is described in my article about plum.

Our apple orchard is already 10 years old, and every year it delights us with something. Rows in the apple orchard cultivator does not pass, so as not to damage the roots. We mow the grass with a trimmer and slightly loosen the soil near the trees, which, by the way, is mulched in tree trunks.

Used for growing rootstocks for grafting or breeding new varieties. This method is used if you want to get several varieties of apples from one seedling. An annual tree is planted in the fall at an angle; in the spring, it bends down and is pinned to the ground; it is covered with earth. Until the autumn you need to moisten the land abundantly, and before the frost how to warm the young roots. The following spring, the layers can be separated and planted in a permanent place. Use if you have varietal cuttings and wild stocks. There are many types of vaccinations, but I will tell you about side grafting and copulation.

  • Grafting in a side slice. This spring, I, along with a vaccination specialist, vaccinated my dick. When the sapling was 2 years old, he had already been vaccinated, but it did not take root, so already in adulthood we chose a branch for the inoculation, made a scissors knife with an oblique cut through the bark, and cut off the scion from both sides, so that it sharpened and turned as if connecting both sides. After that, it was inserted into the cut of the stock so that the sections completely coincided and the parts of the graft and stock were closely fitted (complete cambium coincidence). The vaccination site is covered with garden pitch and wrapped with a film. When the cutting starts to grow, the upper part of the stock should be cut with a garden knife, so that only the graft grows from the place of inoculation, cover it with a garden cook.

  • Copulation is simple. This type of grafting is used with approximately the same diameter of the graft branch and stock. On the stock and the scion, you need to make the same oblique cuts, combine and achieve complete coincidence of the parts. If the thickness is different, achieve a complete match on at least one side. After that, coat the joint with a stick and secure the inoculation with a rope. The upper cut of the stalk also need to smear garden pitch. This vaccination is done in the winter when the trees are in a state of sleep. Usually use seedlings 2 years.


The following articles will help you learn more about the types of vaccinations:

  • What gardeners need to know about vaccination
  • How to prepare cuttings for a scion and save them until spring

Ripens late in the fall. Large fruits. Variety resistant to scab. The fruits are large, the flesh is fine-grained, cream-colored. The color of the fruit during the removable maturity of green and yellow with a blurry pink blush.


Oryol striped. Photos from the site maja-dacha.

Common crawl en At the moment of consumer maturity, when the apples have lain for at least a month and a half, the color turns yellow with a green tint and pink blush.

Taste is pronounced, sour-sweet, very juicy.

Ripens late, but is stored for a long time in winter. The apple tree of this variety is spreading and has a broad crown. The apples themselves are from large to small sizes, rounded. The color of the fruit, when it is necessary to remove it from the tree, should be green-yellow, the apples grow out of storage during storage, and the skin becomes golden-yellow. This means the fruit is ready for consumption. From the side where the sun is most often shining on the apples, there will be a pinkish blush.
Sinap Orlovsky. Photo from econet.ru The pulp of this variety is very juicy, yellowish in color with a green tint. Differs in good tastes. Apples moderately sweet, there is sourness. The aroma is barely noticeable. It is necessary to remove fruits from a tree at the end of September, and they will ripen somewhere by November, from this moment consumer maturity begins. Trees begin to produce fruits by the age of 5, fruit will be good, but how will the ovary (not every year). The variety is resistant to frost and scab. Fruiting will begin by 4 years. Fruits of medium size, delicate, sweet taste, pulp sour-sweet with some spicy zest, cream-colored with a little green.

Pink pearl. Photos from farmpirate.com You may also be interested in the following publications:

Apple tree - agrotechnology and biological features

Read the original publication at forumhouse.ru

Apple is the leading fruit crop, it is grown in more than 80 countries, where more than 60 million tons of fruits are produced annually.

Apple trees are grown in China, India, Germany, Brazil, Spain ... In Siberia, this is quite a young culture, so our varieties do not yet constitute a tough European competition.

In Siberia, an apple tree is grown on a seed stock, which is used as seedlings of winter-hardy varieties of rannet (Purple Tselinnaya, Dobrynya).

Apple tree structure

The root system consists of skeletal and fouling roots.

The root system of apple Siberian breeding can withstand freezing temperatures and soil freezing to -16-20 degrees.

Therefore, we cannot use European rootstocks, which give the crown a more compact form and allow plants to enter fruiting earlier - their root system withstands temperatures from -6 to -10 degrees. During winters with little snow, on such rootstocks, they freeze out, and people who buy such saplings often spend money in vain.

The ground part of the apple tree: shtamb (trunk from the root collar to the first skeletal branches), skeletal branches, branches of the first order, which go directly from the trunk.

1. Growing branches 2. Leader 3. Root neck 4. Horizontal roots 6. Vertical roots 7. Stam 8. Branch of the first order 9. Branch of the second order

In Siberia, it is recommended to grow apples not in the standard form, but in the bush.

This is due to the fact that once every 10 years the region has severe winters in which even small-fruited and medium-sized apple trees are damaged.

Large-fruited apple trees freeze out completely, and you have to lay plantings completely.

To avoid this, we recommend growing an apple tree in several trunks.

Planting an apple tree: spring or autumn?

Most often, apple trees are recommended to be planted in spring. By planting seedlings in the spring, you avoid their damage by rodents, low temperatures and other stress factors. But the optimal time for planting is autumn.

There are primary and secondary root growth.

In the primary, the root system grows in length, in the secondary, the root system thickens, it acquires root hairs that provide nutrition for the plant.

The primary growth of the root system occurs in the summer, the secondary growth in the autumn. In addition, all the seedlings in the nurseries are dug out in the fall, and during storage, the seedling's root system gradually dies off.

Therefore, in the fall, you plant a seedling with a healthier, stronger root system than in the spring. But in the fall you are expected unpleasant moments, which are mentioned above: damage by rodents, low temperatures, etc.

If you are confident in yourself, you know that you can protect plants from these adverse factors, it is better to plant the apple trees in the fall. If in doubt, purchase a sapling in the fall, store it in a cellar or basement, because no one will save it better than you.

If it is not possible to organize winter storage of seedlings, buy them in the spring, but try to choose the most viable ones.

There is always a temptation to buy a seedling with a closed root system, but sellers often simply transplant ordinary weak seedlings into pots that have not been sold since the fall.

These seedlings are much more expensive, but there is no sense from them.

Landing place

There are many ways to plant an apple tree, as described in the horticultural literature. Often people dig huge holes, 60-70 centimeters deep and 60-70 centimeters wide. It is not right.

If you have a small sapling, a small root system, then, accordingly, the fossa should be small. Its depth can be 30-40 cm.

For planting apple trees, we choose the most lighted area in the garden, and the distance between the plants should be at least four meters. If you grow a columnar shape of an apple tree, the distance between the plants is 1.5–2 meters.

How to cook a hole

Choosing a landing site, we begin to dig a hole. The upper, more fertile layer of earth is reclined in one direction, the lower - in the other. If the land is poor, you can add humus and mineral fertilizers.

Mineral fertilizers are added at the rate of: 100 grams of ammonium nitrate, 500 grams of superphosphate and 70 grams of potash fertilizers.

These fertilizers are mixed with the ground and placed on the bottom of the hole, a little bit of humus is poured in from above, and above it is ground, which was in the fertile layer.

This is done so that the root system does not come into contact with mineral fertilizers. If the root system comes into contact with mineral fertilizers, it will die, such a plant will not be viable.

How to plant

After all the drops in the hole should form a mound of earth.

We put a seedling on this mound, evenly straighten the roots, so that in the future they will also grow evenly and consume moisture.

Fall asleep on top of the earth from the top layer. If this land is over, you can take it from the fertile top layer of the earth anywhere in the garden.

The main thing is not to allow stones, dirt and all kinds of garbage.

Spread the ground evenly, compact it with your foot. To make the root system more intimate with the ground, it is necessary to shake it in small movements, take it by the stem and pull it up several times. After that, once again it is necessary to trample down the ground with his foot.

After landing around the stem is the hole depth of 5-15 centimeters.

The plant is watered at the rate of 2-3 buckets of water per sapling, so that the mineral fertilizers will separate, and the root system will receive the necessary moisture.

They mulch with humus or sawdust, if they are not, then it is possible with leaves, but not fruit plants, but ornamental plants. Mulch will prevent increased moisture loss from the soil.

Post-plant trimming

After planting, the seedling must be cut to 1/3 (if spring planting, then by 2/3). Do not be afraid to cut the sapling!

At the dug out seedling, root hairs actively dying within 3-5 hours, which provide plant nutrition, larger branches die off within a few weeks.

The remaining branches of the root system after planting cannot fully provide the above-ground part of the plant with nutrients. Rejection of the aerial part occurs, and it is extremely painful for the plant.

To avoid this, the seedling must be pruned, thereby you allow the plant to grow and develop.

Fruit formations

Many amateur gardeners pity their plants, I do not understand why to regret. Fruit plants are designed to bear fruit. If you do not take care of your plants, do not cut, do not form, do not brighten the crown, then the harvest is reduced.

In the first five years, we form fruit plants and when pruning we focus on fruit formations.

Simple kolchatka has a fruit bud at the end, complex kolchatka - three or four buds.

Kopyetso is a small branch on which one, two or three fruits are formed, depending on their size (European fruit varieties usually have one fruit).

Fruit twig - one fruit is formed on it in large-fruited varieties and several in Siberian medium and small-fruited ones. The fruit branch and the fruit-tree are characteristic of European varieties, the Siberian varieties do not have such fruit formations.

Siberian varieties have a special type of fruiting, taken from a Siberian apple berry and formed during the period when it fought for its survival. The main fruit formations of the Siberian varieties are collar.

Kolchki appear already in the second or third year, so the Siberian varieties early in fruiting. When pruning and shaping fruit plants, the main attention should be paid to fruit formations, to see which remained and how many of them.

How beautiful the tree will be at the same time is not important at all.

In fruit plants - apple, cherry, pear - we still value their decorative qualities. For us, this is a plant that bears fruit.

Trimming time

Spring pruning, forming an apple tree, do before the sap movement, before bud break, in April. Thanks to this pruning plant does not lose nutrients and it will be better, more productive to work.

The second pruning, summer, is carried out in May and June, for those plants that have received severe damage.Why in these terms? Gardeners are waiting for the full blooming of all the leaves in order to assess whether the branch died or not.

If at the end of May the leafing did not occur, then the branch died, if the leaves did not blossom on the whole tree, it means that the tree can no longer be saved.

Why can not prune an apple tree in the fall? Trimming the plant, we inflict a large number of wounds.

In the fall, a period of dormancy begins in plants, sap flow does not occur, cells are not active, besides, there is evaporation and drying of tissues at the cutting site.

The plant becomes weakened, and it is not uncommon that even after nonsurovic, not colder -25 degrees, winters, it becomes sick of a milky luster. Such plants are subject to destruction, because the milky luster is not cured by anything, it is only oppressed.

Freezing

Frosting is the main problem faced by Siberian apple growers.

What plants are not viable and still die, if not immediately, then gradually? How to distinguish them? We make a cut garden pruner and carefully consider it.

The stronger the degree of damage, the darker the color of the wood.

Live wood, live cambium and live bark means that the apple tree has not suffered, such an apple tree can be further formed in any desired way.

Weak and moderate freezing suggest that it is possible to work with such plants, but they will require our increased attention.

In particular, fertilizers will need to be applied on a per tree basis: 20-30 grams of ammonium nitrate, 150-200 grams of superphosphate, 50 grams of potash fertilizers.

Strong damaged plants save almost impossible.

Even if you save it with watering and fertilizing, the apple tree will hurt, its wood will remain fragile, and during strong squally winds the plant will break.

With even stronger damage, the plant dies immediately.

After strong winter freezing, we select more viable shoots, without damage, and form their growth in the right direction.

We will describe in the second part of this lecture, which will be published on FORUMHOUSE in the near future, about how to form an apple tree in different forms, including standard and bushy ones.

Watch our video story on how to store seedlings in the winter, and the best way to hold a spring planting.

Read our article on how to provide emergency assistance to a diseased apple.

You can not independently determine what kind of apple grows in your garden? At FORUMHOUSE you will be helped to identify the variety from the photo.

The order of implementation of the basic elements of intensive technology in the cultivation of apple orchards (Part 1) | APPaM

| APPaM

Based on research materials
Institute in St. Petersburg

Cultivation of intensive apple orchard using trellis

The section of the apple orchard consists of cells, the varieties in each cell alternate in rows (for better pollination during the flowering period), each variety is more convenient to have an even number of rows.

The row length should not exceed 150 m (due to the limitations of drip irrigation and harvesting). Cages are separated by 15 m wide roads.

In each row, 10–13 m pillars are installed (pillar height 3–4 m, 1 m underground, 2–3 m above ground), the pillars should be metal (for example, a used NKT 60 drill pipe) or reinforced (more expensive).

Extreme posts are fixed with galvanized steel wire (4 mm) and anchors (1 m long) screwed into the soil. Between the poles, 3 rows of galvanized steel wire (3 mm) are stretched (at a height of 50 cm, 1 m, 1.5 m).

A droplet line is fastened to the lower wire (after 50-150 cm of length) and the lowest branches. Subsequent rows of wire are stretched as trees grow. Immediately after planting the seedlings, individual supports should be installed for each bamboo seedling (2-3 cm in diameter, 3 m high) or any available equivalent.

One of the most important events in the establishment of industrial apple trees is the selection of modern varieties.

For the establishment of an intensive orchard, it is advisable to use, first of all, cost-effective apple varieties of winter maturation, which are in high demand in the market, are transportable and can be well stored. In industrial plantations should be grown up to 5 winter varieties of apple trees, which occupy 70-80% of the area. If there is a market near the farm, then for a direct sale a certain share of high-value summer and autumn varieties should be introduced.

Intense trellis-dwarf garden varieties Gala Mast on the stock M9

With a small number of varieties in the garden, it is easier to implement a system of planting protection from diseases and pests, varietal formation and pruning of trees.

When selecting varieties, one should take into account their requirements for soil and climatic conditions, primarily the temperature regime and the duration of the growing season.

Features of protection from pests and diseases

Defective apple fruit scab

Diseases and pests are a significant threat to fruit plantations. They cause weakening of the plants, a decrease in yield and a deterioration in the quality of the fruit.

In intensive gardens, the same diseases and pests are harmful as in traditional gardens. To combat them you can use all recommended chemical and biological means of protection.

The list of pesticides, doses and terms of their use are published in the professional literature, constantly supplemented with the advent of new pesticides and methods for their use.

In intensive thickened plantations with smaller trees, the frequency and intensity of manifestations of individual diseases or pests may be somewhat different than in traditional gardens. Specific is also the technique of spraying trees.

Recommended for intensive gardens are pomological apple varieties, for example, Honey Crisp. Ligol, Golden Delicious, Jonagold, Champion and others are more resistant to scab than popular until recently varieties (Mekintosh).

Intensive orchard of Golden Delicious apple varieties on the M9 stock (pictured by I. Mukhanin and A. Kozhina, Russian Gardeners Association)

Due to their small size, trees in an intensive garden are better ventilated and more efficiently treated with chemical preparations that reduce the development of diseases and pests inside the crown, and spraying requires significantly less working fluid, manual work and energy consumption.

For spraying an intensive garden with an ordinary garden sprayer, it is enough to spend about 600 l / ha of working fluid, and a 300l / ha special “column-like” sprayer, reducing the dose of the preparation by 20-25%.

Conventional sprayers, equipped with a powerful fan with an air flow in excess of 30,000 m3 / h, cause significant losses of the working fluid, which only 25-40% of the foliage and fruits fall, polluting the environment and requiring significant energy costs.

Changes in the spraying technique of plantings consist in the use of economic “column-like” sprayers with horizontal air flow, with a fan capacity of 20-30 thousand m3 / h.

and the optimal size of the working fluid droplet (70-150 microns), which provides the best coverage of the leaf surface and low losses from draining.

Thanks to the use of a tractor of lower power of 30 kN, fuel costs are reduced, up to 30% of the funds for the purchase of toxic chemicals are saved and the environment is less polluted.

Conventional garden sprayers are also suitable for use with the tractor engine running at 1,500–1,800 rpm, working pressure 6–10 atmospheres, unit speed 5–6 km / h. A smaller number of nozzles (7 pieces, on each side) with a diameter of 0.8-1 mm are installed, which regulate so that the working fluid gets only on the first rows of trees.

The plant protection program is developed taking into account the zonal features of the development of pests and diseases, as well as the weather conditions of the growing season.

and tillage

From the point of view of small width between rows and relatively short time of operation, in intensive industrial plantings of apple trees on irrigation, as well as in irrigated gardens, in regions with sufficient precipitation, it is advisable to introduce a soddy humus system of soil content between rows (tinning), and pristvolny bands 0.7-1 m wide hold under the black steam.

In regions with a tense water regime or lack of irrigation in plantations up to 2–3 years of age, the aisles are kept under the black steam, and later they are filled through one aisle, the latter are kept under the black steam.

Intensive apple orchard, planted with knip-bom seedlings

When sod-humus system reduces the cost of tillage, plantings can be sprayed from pests and diseases in early spring and immediately after the rain, and the fruits have a higher content of dry matter, brighter colored and better stored. The soil improves physical properties and structure and is less destroyed by water erosion. It is necessary to avoid the formation of rut from the passage of mechanisms.

soil between the rows

When sod-humus system in the rows of the garden grow perennial grass with shallow root system, which during the growing season is periodically mowed with rotary mowers, leaving the ground mass in the form of mulch. They use low-growth, durable, resistant to trampling and shading of grass with dense herbage, which grow well after mowing and do not freeze.

Blooming apple tree garden

Before sowing the seeds are mixed with sand in a volume ratio of 1: 1. Pre-sowing soil preparation includes cultivation with harrowing, it is further leveled, and after sowing they are rolled by water-filled rollers.

In regions with a tense water regime and on the southern slopes, sowing is performed through one aisle.

During the growing season, the herbage is periodically mown after the plants reach a height of about 15 cm. Frequent mowing has a positive effect on strengthening the grass stand.

Mowing with the obligatory simultaneous grinding is performed only by rotary mowers, making sure that the ground mass is evenly distributed on the surface of the inter-row spacing and in the pivot strips. Uncut grass mounds are not allowed.

In order to reduce damage by spring frosts, it is very important to start cutting grass in spring in a timely manner.

In Holland, mowing grass between the rows is carried out simultaneously with the chemical protection of the garden, for which rotary mowers have the output of a power take-off shaft for aggregation with sprayers. This helps to better organize spraying, focusing on the mowed aisles.

Over time, mowed and chopped grass gradually creates a layer of mulch with a thickness of 2-5 cm. Grass seed formation should not be allowed to feed the mice and facilitate their active reproduction.

If the attacks of sown grass in the first or second year make up 15-20%, repeat surface sowing is carried out, or, stopping mowing, allow grass to form seeds, after which mowing is restored.

With the method, common in Eastern Europe, the sowing of cultivated grass is not conducted, and the vegetation in the rows between rows is periodically mown, reaching with the time of formation of resistant grass grass stand.

pristvolny bands

Near shtambov trees up to 4 years of age, pristvolnye stripes about 0.5 m wide, and further - 0.7-1 m necessarily contain free from vegetation. Weeds are periodically destroyed by mechanical cultivation or herbicides are introduced.

From the second half of the summer to late autumn, the growth of short weeds is allowed in the near-stemming bands, with the exception of wheat grass.

This saves money and also speeds up the process of ending the growth of shoots and reduces the appearance of physiological diseases of the fruit during storage.

Weeds are destroyed late in the autumn so as not to provoke nesting mice.

Mechanical cultivation of pristvolnyh strips in the gardens of traditional designs used to be carried out with a garden cutter FA-0.76 in an aggregate with tractors T-40M, MTZ-80/82 to a depth of 10 cm.

However, a significant drawback to the use of this type of cutter was damage to the roots, especially in trees on clonal rootstocks, a significant soil level and the risk of damage to shtamb.

In addition, during machining, the structure of the surface layer of the soil rises, as a result of which its heat emission decreases and trees are more damaged by spring frosts.

When using herbicides, the width of the near-stem band in plantations up to 4 years of age is about 0.5 m, in older ones - 0.7-1 m, and their introduction is carried out in the absence of wind, making sure that the preparation does not fall on the stumps and foliage of the trees.

The choice of herbicide and the dose depends on the age of the plantations, the types of weeds and their quantity, the type of soil and the availability of drinking water near sources.

In Western European countries, the following herbicides are used in apple and pear tree plantations: soil - simazine and its analogues (azotope), kerb, devrinol kazoron, contact - basta, and combined action - roundap (phosulen, glyphosate, nitosorg) and others.

Soil herbicides are used in cloudy weather in early spring before the emergence of weeds, spraying the surface of the wet soil of the forest strip with a working liquid to create a so-called herbicidal film that prevents the growth of weeds. Herbicides of the simazine group, in addition, are also used in the fall after harvest. Before making the surface of the prishtambovoy strip free from plant debris to the solution of the drug fell on the cleaned soil and created a "herbicidal film." When dry weather, soil herbicides to make impractical, or they need to be embedded in the soil to a depth of 5 cm.

Systemic herbicide Roundup

Contact and systemic herbicides should be applied on vegetative weeds in sunny and calm weather, at least 2-3 hours before rain falls.

Roundup and other systemic herbicides are applied by spraying, preventing liquid from falling on the foliage and shtamb trees, and the height of the weeds should not exceed 15 cm. Before that, the trees and stem trees are removed from the trees (necessarily!).

In the Netherlands, it is not recommended to bring Roundup after the beginning of July, as this may cause damage to the trees due to its active evaporation.

A working solution of herbicides prepared before use. The consumption of working fluid per 1 hectare of the treated surface when using soil herbicides is 200-300 l, and when treating vegetative weeds with contact or systemic herbicides - up to 600 l / ha.

Spraying is carried out with reduced pressure (2 atm.) In the absence of wind with the lowest speed by the movement of the unit, using T-shaped or special (eccentric) nozzles and directional spray tips, and protective shields.

Description and features

Variety of apples On-screen launched in Sverdlovsk, on the breeding station. Although this hybrid is self-productive, it is beautifully pollinated by apple trees of other varieties growing nearby.

Apples of this grade are subject to any processing and are easily transported.

If apples are subject to long-term storage, they should be picked ripe. And then you can easily save them up to 5 months, without losing taste, placing in the cellar, a refrigerator, or even on the balcony. They will be well preserved. If they are packaged and stored in a hole, the apples will start to rot from the inside.

In overripe Screen Pulp "starchy" in structure, not stored for a long time.

When describing a tree, you should mark it:

  • fast growth,
  • smooth bark
  • sprawling crown round shape
  • fruits are medium in size.

Tree dimensions

Apple tree Screen is considered srednerolloy and fast-growing. An adult tree grows up to 3 meters tall. And every year it becomes 12 centimeters higher, or even more.

What are the varieties?

Special conditions Screen do not require. They are grafted on other varieties, and they are also grown in semi-cultivated apple trees in the stamba way, as separate trees.

Sometimes, when there is not enough space on the plot, an Apple tree of Screen can be grafted onto columnar varieties. The tree must have a solid stem, like a column overgrown with a collar. The standard apple tree usually bears fruit already in the first year after planting. Fruits in the first yield a little, but over the years, the rate increases.

Semi-culture

When the temperature in the region drops to -47 ℃, gardeners are looking for a way to grow an apple tree of this hybrid variety - this is a vaccination to a wild infantry. As a result, the tree is much less susceptible to strong frosts, and begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year. True, the fruits are smaller - 50-70 grams. And the adult semi-culture itself is not higher than 2 meters.

Regions for growing

Sverdlovsk breeders brought this hybrid in order to spread it in the Urals region. Unpretentiousness and frost resistance allowed it to easily adapt in other regions. Many gardeners are pleased to admit that this variety, specially bred for growing in the harsh climate of the Middle Urals, is even better for growing in areas with a milder climate.

Planting an apple-tree seedling in the last days of September allows the tree to successfully adapt to the suburbs: take root before the first frost.

Siberian winters with little snow. We'll have to take care that the apple tree is not frozen. Gardeners recommend preparing it for winter in the fall. For this you need:

  • whiten the trunk
  • cover the wood ground with compost
  • cover the apple tree material.

The apple tree was originally adapted to the climate of the Ural region. So that it grows quickly from year to year, forms fruit branches, requires moisture and fertilizing in sufficient quantity. In the first year of apple should be ensured regular watering, and after two years - you can feed.

Apple varieties Screen is the best fruit crop for the Urals, moreover, it is well acclimatized in other Russian regions. Only one seedling grown in the garden, with proper care, will delight the gardener with excellent yields. And what to say when there are several of them.

Watch the video: How To Plant Apple Trees and Other Fruits Too! (March 2020).