Arbor garden - is an amazing ornamental plant, which is actively used in garden design. This representative of the flora belongs to the legume family and is a deciduous shrub. It can grow up to 7 m. This plant looks great, especially during flowering. It starts towards the end of May. Inflorescences are collected in golden long brushes, which look very impressive. Therefore, people call it the golden rain. Barber garden, despite the beauty, is very poisonous. All parts of this representative flora contain cytisine (a poisonous alkaloid).
Types of bauber
There are three varieties of this plant, which grow in the south of Europe and in Asia Minor countries: common leaves (anagirolist), alpine and Waterrera. However, for floristic compositions, one of them is most often used. This is an ordinary bauber. Breeders on the basis of this representative of the flora derived three decorative forms: weeping, golden and autumn. The garden leaves has drooping light brown branches and leaves with a hairline in the lower part. This plant is a honey plant. The second most popular is Alpine bauber. It is actively used to create protective plantings, canopies and landscaping of the territory. The main advantage of this type is high frost resistance.
Cusp is a shrub that needs a soil with sufficient calcium and good drainage. Soils that do not accumulate a large amount of moisture and easily give off its excess are especially well suited for it. This representative of the flora grows well even on poor soils. In the first 2-3 years after landing in the ground in winter the plant must be covered, otherwise it will freeze. When heavy snowfalls from the branches of this representative flora need to remove the snow so that they do not break under its weight. Garden almond perfectly withstands drought, however, for a more comfortable shrub health and moisture retention in the soil, it is advisable to make mulching with compost or peat.
The plant loves parts of the area that are well lit by the sun, or partial shade, but grows well in shady places. In windy areas it is better not to plant it. The bauble has a lush beautiful crown that does not need pruning. However, moderately trim and trim it is possible (to give the best decorative qualities). In summer, moderate watering is necessary.
Golden leafs are propagated by green cuttings, layering, seeds and division of the bush. You can purchase special seedlings in the garden shop, but there are some nuances here. In order for the plant to tolerate winter well, breeding material must be from a terrain that is similar in climatic conditions. It is preferable to propagate this shrub with seeds that are collected independently. To enhance the winter hardiness, they can be stratified in the refrigerator (not more than 1.5 months). Sow seeds in early spring under glass. About a month later, the first shoots appear. Under favorable conditions, this plant can easily survive to 100 years.
Bobovnik or laburnum: planting, growing and care
The main difference between bobovnik and other ornamental trees is large drooping brushes of yellow flowers (sometimes they have pink or white shades). Flowering brush reaches half a meter, exude a delicate aroma.
With proper care, flowering of a tree begins at the end of spring and lasts about a month. At the end of flowering seeds are tied. These are fairly large beans with which the tree conquers new territories.
The bobovnik perfectly breeds by self-sowing In the photo, the flowers of bobovnik look like a flock of bright, light-winged butterflies.
Recommendations for the proper cultivation of crops and the timing of planting in open ground will be discussed in detail in this article.
Cedar is a decorative tree, the height of which is on average 2 meters. 30-cm yellow brushes hang between the leaves and create a picture that looks like a golden rain.
Yellow brushes have a delicate scent. The flowering period begins simultaneously with the blooming of leaves (mid-May).
Sunny, windless terrain and loose, fertilized, calcareous soil with good drainage are more suitable for golden rain. The plant looks great among green lawns or coniferous forests. Plant golden rain is not recommended to plant in solid plantations, since the lack of light leads to the "stretching" of the tree and weak flowering.
This species has good endurance. The tree is quite tall, can reach 10 meters. It has light green foliage, small flowers without aromas, bare beans. The flowering of the alpine leaves is a little later than in other species. The length of the brushes can be up to 45 cm.
Alpine almond possesses high frost resistance, withstands even the most severe winters.
Three varieties of bobovnika
The area of distribution of the broom in nature is limited to the southern regions of Europe. Cultivation of bovobnik is possible on the territory of the Crimea and the Caucasus, the tree is also common in Central Asia.
In the middle lane, the bobovnik will need additional shelter for the winter
The cascade of fragrant flowers makes the leaf tree a very attractive plant for decorating private gardens and parks. The plant is increasingly cultivated in garden plots. Broom is ideal for planting next to the purple wisteria, different types of honeysuckle and hops.
The genus Laburnum (the family of legumes) is small in number - only three types of trees are known in culture:
- Alpine almond at home (the southern regions of Europe) it grows up to 12 meters in height, the shape of the crown is bushy. It blossoms with drooping tassels of yellow flowers, which reach 45 cm. In cold winters, the upper shoots can freeze slightly, although this type of bauber has a high winter resistance.
- Anabolic leaf shrub grows in the foothills of low mountains. It grows up to 6 meters, the inflorescences are slightly smaller in size than the alpine broom - only 30 cm. Flowering lasts a month, starting in May. The shape of the leaves of plants of this species is different, depending on the variety. The plant overwinters beautifully, maintaining a decrease in temperature in winter to minus 20 degrees.
- The third type of broom - hybridwhich blooms 2 times a year, in spring and autumn. The hybrid baubivnik is no different from other species in matters of agrotechnical care. Its reproduction is best done in a vegetative way. The most suitable grafting and vaccination.
This species is the most popular. The height of the tree can exceed 7 meters. Caterpillar of this species recommended to be planted as a single plant - This will allow the crown to properly form and dissolve.
The popularity of the species began to grow rapidly when it was brought to Russia from the Caucasus in the XIX century. It is a mountain plant and tolerates frost well. A feature of the tree is the presence of leaves having different shapes. Inflorescences have a pleasant, sweet aroma. Anobirolist bauber is used more often than other species in landscape design: they are decorated with parks and gardens.
This species is a hybrid obtained by crossing two previous shrubs. Him height is small - only 1 meter, but the leaves are longer - up to 50 cm. The hybrid view has a wonderful aroma of inflorescences. Unlike its counterparts, the waterer reacts poorly to low temperatures, does not have resistance to frost. That is why it is better to plant a hybrid in a region with a warm climate. Flowering of this species occurs twice a season.
Now you know what a cane-tree is, what types of plants exist, and you can choose the most suitable option for planting on the site.
Burler: planting and care (follow simple rules)
It should be noted that the cultivation of unpretentious culture is not particularly complex. When planting labourum is required to find a sunny place with permeable soil. With insufficient sunshine, flowering is delayed or does not occur at all.
Important! The plant does not withstand the stagnation of water at the roots, well developed on poor, calcareous soils without excessive introduction of organic matter.
When planting broom should provide protection from the wind. Plants in the garden are preferably planted in groups, because they tolerate wintering more easily and bloom more abundantly. The best time to plant a crop is early spring, immediately after the snow melts.
Plant the plant so that it is protected from the wind.
For planting laburnum seedlings should be prepared in advance pits. Fresh humus earth is added to the bottom of the pits with the addition of lime.
A seedling is put in a hole, along with it they dig in a supporting trunk, to which they tie a young tree. Pristvolny circle mulch bark, peat, moss or a special film to preserve moisture.
After flowering, caring for a plant is reduced to the removal of withered brushes and timely watering.
Important! The removal of weeds around the plant should be carried out with great care. The bobovnik has a branched system of surface roots that are easily damaged by careless loosening.
Special care should be taken in the winter. If the branches are frozen, the flowering of the plant will not be as amazing and beautiful as in the photo.
In the central and northern regions of Russia, the Leaf should be sheltered for the winter. In heavy snowfalls, the branches of the plant break from the heavy weight of the snow, therefore it is necessary to shake the snow from the branches.
In the northern areas in winter, the main trunk of the plant should be insulated, protecting it from frost.
In spring, dead branches are cut from a plant; young plants can be cut to form a crown.
The main dressings are applied under lagurnum twice a year. In the spring the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizers, which stimulates the growth of green mass. Before leaving the plant in a dormant period, make potash and phosphate fertilizers.
A bobovnik (laburnum) is a perennial deciduous tree or spreading shrub up to 7 m high. Ligneous shoots are covered with light brown speckled bark. Very often, even a tree has several trunks. The oval crown consists of weeping branches. From the oval brown buds in early April, foliage begins to bloom. The branches quickly become covered with bright green trifoliate leaves. Bottom leaves covered with silvery rare pile. By the middle of summer, the color of the leaves becomes darker and more saturated. They are located on a long, upright petiole. The oval sheet plate has smooth edges and a pointed end. Its length is 15-25 cm.
In the middle of May, on long (20-50 cm) flexible peduncles, dense racemes bloom. During the flowering period, the Leaf scent gives off a heady sweet scent and is an excellent honey plant. Blossom is very abundant. Yellow flowers with a characteristic for the family of legumes resemble moths. Lower petals grow together in keeled lip. Over it one wide petal is wrapped with reddish strokes at the base. Flowering lasts only 14-20 days.
After pollination, brown beans ripen with silky hairs. The length of the bean is about 8 cm. Inside there are flattened seeds only 3 mm long. Having decided to start a bobovnik on the site, it is necessary to remember that it is poisonous. The greatest amount of toxins is found in fruits.
Types of bovovnika
The genus of bobovnika is very small, it includes only 2 species, 1 hybrid and several varieties.
Anobirolist bauber. He is also called “golden rain”. A multi-stem tree or shrub grows to a height of 6 m. Flowering begins in May and lasts almost a month. Yellow inflorescences in length do not exceed 30 cm. The variety can withstand temperatures down to -20 ° C.
Alpine rosemary. A tree with a sprawling, oblong crown grows up to 12 m in height. The trunk and the old branches are located straight, and the edges of the shoots are drooping. Long (30-45 cm) yellow garlands bloom in late May. The plant lives in the southern part of Europe, so in frosty winters the ends of the branches can freeze slightly. At the same time, the plant itself withstands cold snap to -25 ° C. Decorative varieties:
- Pendula - has long, drooping shoots
- Aurea - in the spring young foliage casts golden hues, but gradually becomes bright green,
- Quercifolia - the leaves have a notched shape following the example of oak,
- Automnale - in addition to the usual spring bloom, "golden rain" appears in September.
Baubernik Vaterera (hybrid). The plant came from the crossing of two main species. A low tree or large shrub in height is 1-3 m. Upright old shoots are completed with drooping processes. Branches cover petiolate leaves up to 50 cm long. During flowering, it exudes a particularly strong, pleasant aroma. The species is sensitive to frost, so it is grown in the south of the country.
Description of the bobster
Other name - broom. His homeland are warm lands - Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Therefore, bobster can be grown far from everywhere. But if you take good care of the plant, you can decorate it and the garden in the suburbs.
Another remarkable feature of this tree is its pleasant aroma, which in combination with yellow flowers creates a pleasant atmosphere in the garden. Exist breeches with white and pink blooms.
The bobovnik has three types:
- Alpine filament,
- Anobirolist bovobnik
- Baubernik Vaterera.
The first is distinguished by the height to which he can grow - 12 meters. The tassels of flowers are long, reaching 45 centimeters. At the same time, the plant is resistant to cold. Outwardly, it looks more like a shrub.
Anabolic leaf tree is a mountain plant. It is lower than the alpine broom and it has fewer flowers. However, he also tolerates the winter well. The leaves can have a different shape, and the flowers exude a wonderful fragrance. This type is most often used in the decoration of parks and gardens.
The latter is a hybrid. He combined the virtues of the previous two species. Baubernik Vaterera smells good, blooms beautifully, and, moreover, does it twice a season. But this plant is not suitable for planting in the temperate zone.
How to care for bauber
The main thing to remember when planting a broom is a plant loves the sun and does not like the wind. This must be taken into account when choosing a landing site for it. If a shadow falls on a tree, there will be few colors. The wind and does prevent the barberry bloom.
Stab water is contraindicated in the roots of an romp; it grows well on poor soils. A little lime tree does not interfere at all. The roots themselves are close to the ground, when weeding should be careful not to damage them.
To plant a tree is better in early spring. To do this, place the seedling in the selected place, add lime and humus to the well, and insert a pole near it to support it. It is better to sprinkle the space around the tree with mulch and water it. A bobovnik is best planted in groups so that the plants can protect themselves from the wind and cold. Then they bloom better.
After the bloom is over, it is better to remove the brushes with the beans so that the next year the bauber will bloom again.
Winter plant must be protected from the cold. In some cases, caring for them is to insulate the trunk of a tree.If there is a lot of snow on the branches, it is better to shake it off so that the broom will not be harmed. When spring comes, the frozen branches are removed.
It is better to feed the tree twice a year. In the spring, he needs nitrogen fertilizers to grow; in the fall, he needs potash and phosphate fertilizers for a successful wintering season.
If we talk about the Voburer bauber, it is worth noting that this plant is not adapted for wintering outdoors, and caring for it is difficult. There is an option of planting a broom in special containers, which should be carried to the veranda or covered greenhouse when cold weather sets in. However, this method is quite troublesome, since the containers are heavy.
How to multiply bauber
There are several ways to breed a broom;
- With the help of seeds,
- Dividing a bush
The most common and easy way of breeding - planting seeds. This can happen involuntarily: the bauber plant throws its seeds around itself, from which new plants develop. They can be dug and transplanted to a new place.
The seeds themselves must be rubbed with sandpaper and sown in the prepared furrows to a depth of 1 centimeter, then sprinkled with earth. In three years, the spirits will flourish.
Propagated and layering. To do this, the plant branch is bent to the ground, secured and covered with earth. In a year, it will turn into a full-fledged tree that can be transplanted. The division of the bush is also practiced by gardeners.
Hybrid bauber usually propagated by grafting and graftingto preserve their decorative qualities.
What are the diseases at bobster
The broom has one quality that can be called both useful and harmful. He is very poisonous. If a child eats only two reels of this plant, he may die. Poisonousness, however, can play into the hands of gardeners. The plant practically does not suffer from various pests.
The only attack that can happen to a tree is powdery mildew. Because of her, the tree can fall off and lose its unique appeal. To broom was as beautiful as in the photo, it should be treated with fungicides. When the first symptoms of a tree lesion appear with powdery mildew, spraying the leaves should be stopped.
The use of bobster
Bobovnik has found application in various spheres of life.
First of all, it is an ornamental plant. It is planted in parks, gardens. Designers prefer single or group landings, to enhance the impression of golden rain, but lining up trees looks not so impressive. It is important to choose which plants will be nearby. Someone prefers to plant broom near the coniferous trees. Good neighbors are hawthorn, heather, wisteria, and so on. Albert, Golden rain of parks, while it is a wonderful honey plant.
The wood of this plant is also beautiful. From it are made musical instruments, sculptures, souvenirs.
The main disadvantage of this tree is its virulence. It is believed that this is one of the most poisonous plants in Europe. It is better not to plant it in gardens where children can play. When transplanting or pruning, gloves should be used to prevent poisonous plant juice from reaching the skin.
Anabolic leaf shrub
Anobirolist or ordinary rosemary laburnum, golden rain (Laburnum anagyroides, syn. L. vulgare) - shrub up to 3-5 m high, less often - tree with gray-green bark with height and width up to 8 m.
He comes from Eastern France, Italy, South-Central Europe, Slovenia, Croatia. The leaves are bluish-green, trifoliate, silky, up to 8 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow, moth, with red strokes on a sail, 1-2 cm long, slightly fragrant, gathered in long (up to 30 cm) drooping brushes, bloom in May -June It blooms for a long time - more than a month. Fruits - pubescent beans 5-8 cm long, ripen in August-September, gives self-seeding.
It grows quickly: 2-year-old seedlings reach a height of 1.0-1.7 m, bloom for 3-4 years.
Alpine baup or gummy broom (Laburnum alpinum) - sprawling shrub, tree height and width up to 8 m.
He hails from South Central Europe, Italy, the Western Balkans. The leaves are shiny, not pubescent, trifoliate, up to 8 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow, gathered in narrow brushes 15-40 cm long.
Interesting is its decorative form 'Pendulum':
It is a shrub with a height and width of 2 m, branches are weeping.
It is a hybrid of Alpine bauber and b. anaghyrolist (Laburnum alpinum x L. anagyroides).
Bauber of Vaterer (Laburnum x watereri) is a shrub with a height and width of up to 8 m. The leaves are dark green, trifoliate, up to 8 cm long. The flowers are yellow, collected in narrow brushes up to 50 cm long. The beans are slightly pubescent.
Very interesting is its decorative form ‘Vossii’:
Young shoots are pubescent, flower brushes up to 60 cm long, more demanding in culture.
Features of growing
Obstereaters are thermophilic, they successfully grow and bloom in the Southern zone of horticulture, in the English reference books their winter minimum is -15 ° C. In central Russia, they can frost up after a cool and rainy summer, but their crown is quickly recovering. They are light-requiring, drought-resistant, develop better on fertile, well-drained carbonate soils, withstand their salinization. They can be damaged by a black fly, mining mines, and marveling at powdery mildew.
They multiply well with stratified and scarified seeds collected in September-October (you can sow them before winter), layering, green cuttings, dividing the bush.
Over the years, bobovniki become more magnificent and more beautiful. In 60-70 years they have not seen signs of aging, so they are almost not cut off. Obsterers painfully react to the removal of old branches and slowly grow after a strong pruning. In addition, large cuts do not heal the bark for many years, and through them the shrub affects the fungal infection.
Accommodation at the cottage
Borobniki are the soliter of the first plan, but their beauty in group plantings, hedges, arches, pergolas, tunnels is simply magical!
They are harmonious in compositions with purple crimson, the exohoord of Korolkov, spireas, creating a bright, contrasting, very beautiful combination of golden yellow, pink and pure white colors. With age, bobovniki can be pulled out and laid bare from the bottom, but this is fixable by tamping with low-growing shrubs or tall perennials with flowers, annuals.
Bovovniki can be formed in the style of bonsai.
But these magnificent plants have one quality that needs to be turned. special Attention.
It is interesting
Until now, in some places, the cooper tree is called yellow acacia.
The bovovnik has twins: Cassia is tubular, snowman is wicker, Spanish Gorod.
And do you have anagirolist barberry growing in your country house?
Basic rules of fit and care
The first step is to choose the right place for planting. Leaf loves sunny areas, belongs to the heat-loving plants. Before planting, it is recommended to ensure good drainage, make sure that lime is present in the soil composition - this will ensure rapid growth.
If you decide to plant a tree with seeds, you can buy them in specialized stores. The best time for planting is the end of autumn - the beginning of winter.
Sowing seeds, pay attention to the following points:
- Lightweight, pre-cleaned soil is suitable for planting.
- Seeds need to be deepened into the ground by 2-3 cm.
- Planting seeds, be sure to perform moderate watering.
- Cover with film a container in which the landing was carried out.
- Seed germination will occur all summer, and the height of the tree will reach at least 0.5 meters.
- Remove the foil periodically to ensure airflow to the plant.
- For planting a tree in open ground is better to choose the first month of autumn - September.
There is another way of planting - in the store or on the market you can buy young bushes bauber. First they need to land on the prepared site. This is a more convenient way, since you will not have to wait long for the seeds to sprout. There is one more pleasant moment - in the very first year you can enjoy beautiful flowering.
Prepare a spacious hole, the size of which should be 2 times the volume of the transport pot with a plant. Place the shrub in the hole, straighten the roots and gently cover it with earth and compost, tie the tree to a pole in the form of a stick.
After the plant is planted in open ground, with the onset of winter it should be covered. In order to get better bogovnik, when buying, give preference to small copies.
It is important to properly care for bauber. He is very picky and painfully reacts to abrupt changes in conditions. We offer you to get acquainted with the main activities for the care of the tree.
- Watering. The plant does not need frequent and abundant watering. Over-wetted soil will certainly lead to root rot, will contribute to the development of fungi and microorganisms.
- Top dressing. To provide the tree with important nutrients, it is necessary to fertilize it with humus, compost and lime. Make sure that the acidity of the soil is not increased. Top dressing is carried out 2 years after planting each season.
- Fertilizers. It is most effective to use superphosphates as fertilizers. Potassium fertilizers are also useful - they are best used when the tree is in bloom.
- Protection. It is very important to protect the golden rain from the wet and cold wind. If this is not done, the cobweb will lose its color and will not please you for several years. Initially plant a plant in a windless area, or, if not, plant it among other trees that can protect bauber from strong gusts of wind.
- Pests. Golden rain has resistance to pests, they rarely attack it.
- Pruning. Periodically, in order to give the crown a form, it is necessary to prune the branches. Ideally for the procedure is suitable from late summer to early winter.
If you properly care for the plant, the golden rain tree will constantly delight you with its unusual flowering. The rosemary will decorate any site and make it a real paradise.
Now I want to tell you in more detail what beauty awaits you if you take good care of the plant. A sprawling shrub will appear on your site, the height of which often reaches 7 m. Its oval shelter includes many weeping branches, on which in the first days of April green foliage with a rare silver pile appears.
Already by mid-May, on flexible peduncles, which are about 20–25 cm long, thick inflorescences appear, resembling a brush. The flowers are kind of like moths.
This is an amazing period when the plant exudes such a sweet aroma that it just intoxicates. Bees rush here, because the bush becomes a wonderful honey plant. This period lasts 2-3 weeks.
When the pollination is completed, brown beans 8 cm long are formed at the site of the inflorescences. They contain small seeds. Consider: bauber - a poisonous plant, most of the harmful substances found in fruits.
Sow the seeds immediately upon receipt, in the fall or early spring, when the thaw is over. If suddenly this could not be done, the seeds do not need to be disposed of, because their germination persists for 3 years.
If the seeds have not been prepared or have been scarified, they must be sown in the soil. She must be:
Sprouted seedlings do not need care, they actively grow themselves.
Older plants are dug up with earth lumps, planted in a permanent place. Such a sapling will bloom after 4-5 years.
This option is used for varietal cultures of golden rain rain, to preserve their characteristics. It may be:
- Cuttings. In July or August, cutting of young green shoots is carried out. Root them should be in loose soil in a slightly darkened place. Watering is carried out carefully, until the rhizome plant is covered with a cap. The first year saplings organize shelter for wintering.
- Layering. In this case, take the bottom shoot, in the place of the formation of the roots on its bark make cuts. Then pressed to the ground, powdered with soil. A month later, the branch is cut off, planted separately.
- Graft. Inoculate the stalk on the species stock. Do it almost at the very ground.
Planting and care
Before planting culture should choose the right place, it should be in an open, well-lit area. Partial shade will do as well.
The soil should be nutritious, well drained. It may be an alkaline composition with lime. No seals and stagnation of water, it is detrimental to the culture.
First you need to dig a spacious hole and pour a thick layer of drainage. Sapling when planting does not deepen very much, young shoots are tied up.
After planting it is necessary to provide the plant with proper care. Water the plant only in moments when there is no rain for a long time. Drought for bobovnika preferable to excess moisture. Increase the frequency of watering is possible only during the flowering period.
So that after watering on the ground did not form a crust, carry out mulching. To do this, use:
It is important to feed, for this use organic compounds, and in the spring the soil is mulched using compost. Also several times a year you need to add a solution of mullein, it is poured directly under the root of the plant.
Shrub does not require molding pruning, because its falling shoots themselves take the desired shape. All that is required is to remove some branches in spring, especially frozen ones.
The main thing is not to get carried away, so that the bauber will not get sick.
After ottsvetaniya remove the beans to make the plant more attractive and avoid self-seeding.
Although baubnik and endure cold, but in the winter he needs care. Because of the sloping shape of the shoots, snow often accumulates on them, and this can lead to their fragility. To avoid this, periodically shake off the snow cover from the branches.
Diseases and pests
Gardeners do not have any particular problems in growing crops. Because of its toxicity, pests avoid it.
The only problem that may arise is the appearance of powdery mildew. It is formed due to stagnant moisture in wet weather. Detect the disease is easy, because there is a grayish bloom. Its especially a lot on:
It can be eliminated with the help of fungicides, which carry out the processing of the bush. It is also necessary to improve the conditions for the active growth and development of bovovnik.
For the successful reproduction of culture, all known methods are suitable:
- seed way
- reproduction by layering
- division of the bush.
The main method of breeding breeches - sowing seeds.
Tip! The shell of the beans is very strong and strong, before sowing it is filed, or treated with emery cloth.
Seeds are not subject to long-term storage, they should be sown immediately after harvest. In the pre-prepared furrows lay out the seeds, lightly sprinkled with earth.
When sowing, the beans are buried in the soil to a depth of 1 cm. Often self-sowing is formed around an adult bush. These seedlings can be used for planting.
Flowering in this case comes in 5-6 year.
Vegetative propagation of culture by layering occurs according to the classical scheme: a branch of a tree is bent down to the ground, pinned and dug around with soil. The branch of a bobovnik for a year turns into a strong tree, which is planted in a permanent place in spring.
The propagation of bobovnik by cuttings is used for hybrid varieties that better preserve their decorative qualities.
Cuttings are cut from the tree, leaving at least 3 live buds on them. Planting is carried out in greenhouses, in a light ground, ensuring uniform watering of the cuttings.
Young plants develop very quickly. A year later, they are planted in the ground.
The division of overgrown bushes is suitable for breeding a variety, but adult plants hardly tolerate such an operation.
Pests and diseases of bobster
In hot and humid weather, baubnik bushes are often affected by powdery mildew.
Mealy bloom appears on the leaves of the plant on both sides, gradually the leaf dries and disappears.
The bare bushes are not decorative at all, therefore at the first signs of the disease it is necessary to treat the plant with special means.
Systemic fungicides for the treatment of powdery mildew are used in the dosage specified by the manufacturer.
Watch the health of the plant: take measures to prevent diseases
At the first signs of powdery mildew, spraying of the leaves of bobovnik with water stops.
Pests do not particularly plague the plant. All parts of the bobovnik are very poisonous, especially for ripe seeds - they contain the greatest amount of toxic substances.
Tip! When transplanting, pruning, grafting bobovnik should use protective gloves, wash hands thoroughly with soap, beware of contact with plant juice on the mucous membranes of the eyes or mouth.
Ornamental and medicinal plants on the site. Cinch: types and growing conditions
The baubnik got its name due to the shape of the fruits that look like beans.
But the value of this plant is not in its fruits, but in its decoration.
At the beginning of summer, a lot of golden moth flowers bloom on the branches of a tree, which are gathered on long hung tassels of bobovnik.
Deciduous shrub in the people is often called the "golden rain". However, behind the beautiful appearance of the plant lies his treachery - all parts of the bauber plant are very poisonous.
In the article we will try to answer the most frequently asked questions of gardeners: “Is it possible to grow a bright woody plant in the garden?” And “How to organize the proper care of a bramble tree?”
Borobnik in the garden - “golden rain” with the onset of summer
Mediterranean is considered to be the birthplace of bobovnika, as well as some parts of Central and Southern Europe. In Russia, bobovnik began to grow in the nineteenth century. Today, however, to meet a tree with hanging bunches of flowers is rather a rarity.
Leaves cannabis is an unpretentious plant, but it cannot withstand long harsh winters, so it is planted mainly in southern or central Russia and must be warmed for the period of cold weather.
The bauber garden has an egg-shaped crown. A distinctive feature of the plant is that it grows quite quickly (the annual growth can reach 30-40 cm).
Almost all types of bobovnika have several trunks covered with light brown, greenish-grayish bark.
On the trunks grow sagging shoots with trifoliate, alternately arranged leaves.
At the end of May - the beginning of June, the cooper's branch blooms profusely and becomes covered with bright yellow or golden flowers, gathered in hanging brushes. The impression of "golden rain". Flowering lasts about 25 days, after which the petals fall off and form fruits that look like beans.
The flowering tree has a stunning appearance and is often used by landscape designers in arranging parks, gardens, front gardens, terraces, lawns and hedges. “Golden rain” looks beautiful against the background of coniferous trees (thuja, spruce or juniper) or plants of dark green color.
Perfectly combines the bright yellow color of a flowering plant with soft purple or blue flowers.
The alley turns out very spectacular, along which bobs are planted - golden brushes hang down over the heads of passersby, dipping them into bright, sunny clusters of flowers.
Experienced gardeners skillfully apply the correct technique of pruning the branches of a "weeping" plant, giving the crown a decorative shape and stimulating a more abundant flowering of bobster.
Curative properties of bobster
Before describing the available medicinal properties of bovovnik, it is necessary to remind once again that:
Cuspberry is a poisonous plant, since all its parts (leaves, flowers, fruits, shoots, and stem) contain the cytoline alkaloid. Therefore, it is highly undesirable to plant a plant near children's playgrounds and on garden plots where children are often!
It is impossible to make independently and apply any solutions, decoctions, lotions and preparations on the basis of bobster, without a prescription.
Drugs from the bobovnik, namely from cytisine, are used when breathing is stopped during operations, asphyxiation and shock. Alkoloid cytisine contributes to the reflex excitation of the respiratory center and high blood pressure.
The tablets made with the use of bobovnik, facilitate the process of disaccustoming from smoking.
Any medicinal preparations from Barobnik have a number of contraindications (atherosclerosis, peptic ulcer, hypertension, pulmonary edema, bleeding), so they should be taken only after consultation with the doctor.
The main types of bobster
Cusp has two natural species and one hybrid, so it is considered that the plant is represented by three types:
anabolic root bauber (broom, golden rain),
The golden anagyrophagous baub tree grows up to seven meters high. The plant has a narrow, irregularly shaped crown. The trunks of the tree are of greenish-brown color, the bark is smooth.
The sprouting young shoots are erect, but over time they fall and elliptical or obovate leaves appear on them. The leaves are two-colored: the upper part is dark green and the lower part is grayish (with a slight edge).
Flowers are collected in inflorescences (on one hanging brush there can be up to 30 flowers).
Anagyrolist barob - the most winter-hardy look. The plant is able to withstand temperatures down to - 25 degrees. In addition, this species is well tolerated by air pollution, therefore it is often used in the decoration of city parks.
Alpine bauble in central Russia usually does not grow more than three meters in height.
Although at home, in the mountains of southern Europe, it can reach ten meters.
The flowers and leaves of the plant have the same shape as an anagirolist bauber, the difference is in the fruits. Alpine bogovnika beans are smooth, without edge and lint.
Alpine bauber can not boast a pleasant aroma, which is inherent in an anagirolist form, and good frost tolerance. Alpine leaves of alpine bloom in early or mid-June, but after a very harsh winter, the flowers on the plant may not appear.
Bauber's Vaterera (baubnik intermediate) - a hybrid of the two previous species.
The height of the tree reaches 4-5 meters when grown in the southern strip and 1 m - in the middle zone.
The main branches of the plant are funnel-shaped, erect, and the lateral ones are hanging. The crown of bobovnika is wide and spreading, has a strong branching.
Voberera Bubovnik has not deep fleshy roots, long leaves of dark green color and hanging inflorescences (length 50 cm and more) with fragrant flowers. Voborenik Voborenik is relatively winter-hardy (can withstand frost up to - 23 degrees), but with a strong frosting it slows growth and does not bloom.
Planting bobovnika: the choice of location, the optimal composition of the soil and the sequence of planting
Place for planting bobster should be light or in partial shade. It is important that the baubnik does not grow in cold drafts, otherwise the plant may not bloom at all. Lack of sunlight can lead to fall of the leaves and "poor" flowering.
Tree-shrub groups are better acclimatized and blooming more vividly in central Russia than single plantations planted on open ground.
The composition of the soil bauber is not too picky. The plant produces good growth on rich, calcareous soils.
Feels good on slightly acidic loamy and sandy soil.
The main condition is that the ground should have good drainage and the water should not stagnate, since the coil cannot tolerate excessive moisture.
Consider the sequence of landing work. For planting bobster need:
- planting material - bovobnik in a container,
Roots of container seedlings should not be twisted around the pot, as they will have to be damaged during transplantation, and it will be harder for the bog berries to take root in a new place.
Stages of planting bobster:
- It is necessary to dig a hole, the volume of which is twice the size of the earth sapling.
- The earth should be mixed with compost.
- Pull the leaves out of the pot and straighten its roots. If the ground in the pot was dry, then before planting the seedling must be watered.
- A pole is hammered into a hole - a support for a branchling.
- Bovovnik should be placed in the pit to the full depth of the earthy coma.
- The pit is filled with enriched soil.
- The surface of the earth should be compacted and poured water.
- The trunk of the plant should be tied up to a support with a rope, not too tight.
- The soil near the trunk is desirable to complace with compost.
Top dressing, watering and weeding
A bobovnik is a drought-resistant plant. Watering it is necessary only when the topsoil is completely dry.
It is advisable to feed a bobovnik twice a year: in the spring with nitrogen fertilizers, and in the fall with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
To treat the plant with organic matter, it is necessary to use diluted organic fertilizers, as highly concentrated can burn the root system of the bobster, which is on the surface.
Periodically, the soil around the bobster should be weeded and rid of weeds. But weeding should be done carefully, as the roots of the plant are not too deep and easy to damage.
Trimming bobster and shelter for the winter
At the bovovnik it is necessary to periodically delete old and weak branches. It is important to remember that the plant does not tolerate excessive pruning.
When forming a beautiful crown of bobovnik, one should adhere to the following rules:
- The garden bobnik looks most impressive like a tree with one main trunk - it allows you to exhibit advantageously hanging branches and brush inflorescences,
- the trunk, cleared of branches and a balanced crown must be formed gradually (over three years) - if large branches are cut at a bobovnik, hollows may be formed,
- a dead shoot does not have to be cut to a living tissue in order to preserve the natural barrier of a bauber,
- if the cobweb is used in the garden in the formation of a tunnel or hedge, then the branches of the plant should be trimmed slightly, choosing the weakest ones,
- if the rejuvenation of the old bobovnika did not produce results (a beautiful and well-groomed crown did not form, the plant did not grow), then it is better to replace it with the young ones.
Formative pruning should be carried out on time - for young plants, since adult plants are difficult to tolerate such a procedure.
In spite of the fact that barberry belongs to frost-resistant cultures, it needs shelter and warming for the winter. First of all it concerns young plants.
To prepare a bovovnik for wintering follows from the end of October. The plant must accumulate moisture in order to successfully endure the cold. Therefore, in October it is necessary to wate the bobovnik more often and more abundantly - this applies to arid autumn.
An adult plant can move wintering without shelter - it is enough to remove snow from a bobster so that the branches do not break. A young plant is better to cover for the winter.
To do this, the sprawling branches of a young bovovnik should be tied up neatly with a rope, and spruce or pine branches should be placed inside the tree.
Above the bovovnik you can install a kind of hut or frame, which is covered with burlap.
In the spring, you need to take shelter gradually, starting with airing the bush. In cloudy weather, it will be possible to remove the frame, and in a couple of days the spruce branches. So the plant quietly adapts to the sunlight.
Leaf marigold, like most plants, is propagated by seed and vegetatively. Well grown plants grown from the seeds of bovovnika. For planting it is better to use seeds collected from plants acclimatized in the region.
In October, the collected seeds are planted in boxes (any non-heated room will work well). After germination, small seedlings are seated in different pots, and in the spring they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Seeds can be planted in open ground in spring. To do this, before planting, long-term stratification can be replaced with a faster treatment: rub the seed rind with an emery paper or process for half an hour with sulfuric acid. The young plant usually blooms in the third year.
Vegetative breeding method of bovovnik can be carried out:
- dividing the bush
- grafting (hybrid species breed only with cuttings),
- reproduction by layering
At the garden plot, the legume is often propagated by layering. Young shoots in the spring should be sprinkled with earth and left in this condition until next year. A year later, the rooted escape can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Garden bobovnik - an unpretentious plant and with the creation of optimal growing conditions, it can please the owners with abundant, bright flowering for decades.
Sergey and Svetlana Khudentsov
Garden shrub baubnik and its cultivation in the garden
One of the most popular and beautiful deciduous trees is the garden shrub, known for its yellow flowers, and you can see them in May and June.
Its color is similar to the golden drop brushes. It is this feature that gave him the second name "golden rain". This type of plant belongs to the legume family.
Its temperature tolerance is up to -25 ° C. Therefore, the garden shrub will take root in an area with not very cold winters.
The plant does not like cold winds and drafts, and it is necessary to plant it in an open place where there will be enough sun for its development. After a whole month of flowering on the tree fruits appear in the form of beans.
These fruits are by no means impossible to eat, since they are poisonous in nature. It should be noted that the leaves of the tree, color and other parts contain an alkaloid cytisine dangerous for humans.
There are several types of shrubs - anaghirolist, alpine and Wertherer hybrid. Each of them has its own characteristics of planting, growing from seed and care. Below you will learn about these characteristics, as well as view photos of three kinds of bobster.
The process of reproduction and the cultivation of bobs from seeds
It is possible to get such a tree not only by purchasing seedlings, but also to grow a rosemary from the seeds of a house. In turn, buying seedlings and replanting them, you should know where the tree was brought from.
So, for example, when purchasing a sapling from Holland - be careful, because the probability that it will freeze above the snow cover is very large. Therefore, pay attention to products brought from Poland or the Czech Republic. They are more hardy in the cold season.
Growing a bobovnika from seeds is a process of propagation of a crop, which requires patience from the gardener, since the beginning of flowering is postponed.
Growing a tree using seeds will not be difficult if you know a few rules that will promote normal growth. It is advisable to sow them before winter.
This will avoid a number of processes.
If it turns out to sow only in the warm season, then you should first put the seeds in the fridge for 1-2 months, and in the spring pour it with hot water.
In order for seeds to germinate faster, they need to be subjected to the process of scarification, which means a little damage.
This is done with a nail file or you need to shake the seeds in an emery paper bag. They are sown in open ground under glass or covered with a package.
Over the summer you will grow a half-meter tree (maybe less). You will see flowering only after 5 years.
Unique Hybrid - Vaterera Bauber (with photo)
If you want to get something unique for your garden, then Vaterer's Leafberry is the best deal.
It is through the synthesis of the Alpine and anagyrolist species that we are able to enjoy the beauty and aroma of the “golden rain”.
This unique hybrid has absorbed all the best qualities of its relatives. The result is a plant with such characteristic features:
· Grows to 1 m,
· Long leaves are dark green in color (up to 50 cm),
· Silky and downy inflorescences,
· Has a delicate aroma.
The only disadvantage of a hybrid is a low level of frost resistance. That is why it is often subjected to freezing and the plant does not bloom so effectively.
Therefore, it should be planted only in warm terrain. The golden rain of Vaterer reproduces by cuttings.
The photo below shows the most beautiful and strong plant specimens:
Care of the culture and disease
As we have already understood that the care of a bobovnik should occur competently, taking into account all its features. It is carried out in three stages - watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Feeding should be done 2 times a year - in the spring using nitrogen fertilizer, and in the fall to use products containing phosphorus and potassium. In order not to burn the root system, it is always necessary to use only non-concentrated organic fertilizers.
Recall that the root system of the plant is on the surface, which gives reason to be even more accurate. For normal growth, taking care of the crop, it is also important to weed the soil and remove weeds.
Do not forget about the fact that the plant should be rid of dry leaves and branches. When pruning it is important not to trim a dry shoot to live tissue.
By the way, in order for the bobovnik plant to bloom next year and delight you with its aroma, you should cut the fruits in advance so that they do not fully ripen.
As we have said, the whole plant is poisonous. Consequently, the pests and diseases of bobovnika - this is a rare case.
However, if the shrub is found for a long time in wet and warm weather, then negative consequences should be expected.
Manifestation of the leaves on both sides in the form of a gray bloom. To care for the plant in this case should be using biological fungicides.
Garden decorations and other uses
Despite the complexity of growing from a plant, you can create unusual arches or harmonious compositions with flowers and trees.
The bright yellow color of a flowering tree will be perfectly diluted in gardens, parks with plants such as juniper, spruce or thuja.
When making a garden, a harmonious ensemble will be reproduced with colors of blue or lilac shades.
There are other ways to use bauber garden. Very often, designers use wisteria, colqution, hawthorn, chubushnik, exotic skumpyu and rhododendrons for compositions with bogovniki.
You can also create your own landscape with your favorite colors. Recall that the plant is unpretentious and tolerate any neighbor next to it.
Also planting bobovnika perfect for both large and small gardens.
Wood plants are valued as a material for the manufacture of wooden sculptures and musical instruments. Also, the composition of Leaf has special substances (cytisine), which are used for medical purposes - from smoking or in homeopathy. Therefore, the plant is universal in use.
Leaf in the photo. Growing bovovnika
The plant of the legume family, Leaf (Laburnum) or broom, the photo resembles golden rain, as it is usually called. Golden rain will decorate your site and will attract the eyes of all passers-by.
This is a weeping decorative tree, the flowers of which are yellow beautiful large tassels, reaching a length of 30-50 centimeters, drooping down.
Sometimes there are plants with white and pink flowers. Flowers of bovovnika are characterized by a pleasant aroma.
Flowering begins in mid-May and lasts about a month.
After flowering on the plant appear dense beans, which are flat shiny seeds. It is better to remove the fruits in order to get a lot of flowering next year.
There are 3 types of bobovnika and many varieties.
In central and southern Europe, this tree can reach a height of up to 7 meters, but sometimes remains low (up to 0.5 meters), and is often found in parks and gardens.
Usually the broom leaves are trifoliate and are colored light green. Some varieties are characterized by golden leaves or leaves that resemble oak leaves.
Breeders deduced the decorative form of bovovnik, which was called the "autumn". Her feature - re-bloom in the fall.
Unfortunately, the winter-hardy bobovnik is not, therefore in the middle lane its cultivation is not so widespread.
In our cold winters the bauber plant often freezes. True, then it grows back, but it blooms not so plentifully and beautifully as the leaf-tree in the photo.
Therefore, it is recommended to cover the plant for the winter.
During heavy snowfall, it is necessary to shake off the snow from the bushes so that the branches do not break.
It is necessary to carefully weed the bobovnik, as its roots are on the surface.
In irrigation, the plant needs only dry time, and in the feeding - in early spring (nitrogen fertilizers) and late autumn (phosphate-potassium).
In order to keep the leaf tree in a decorative condition, in early spring, when the buds swell, it is pruned, removing dried, as well as old and diseased branches.
Sometimes the plant is used as a canopy, in this case, forming pruning is needed. But only young plants are subject to such pruning, for adult plants such a procedure is too painful.
Cusp is characterized by resistance to gases and smoke. The plant feels great on the territory of industrial enterprises. In favorable conditions and with good care, this beautiful tree lives for about a hundred years.
All about plants
Bobovnik (Laburnum), Golden Rain, broom - These are all the names of a single plant of the legume family.
It can be a tree or a multi-trunk bush with a height of 2-6 m. Leaf is a rather winter-hardy plant, it begins to bloom with golden tassels in the end of May - June. Flowering lasts up to 20 days.
After flowering, beans are formed with seeds that are poisonous, like all parts of the plant. They contain alkaloids: cytisine and laburnine, dangerous for humans. Who has children?
it is better not to plant a branch; if a child eats a couple of seeds, it may die.
Anabolic leaf shrub (Laburnum anagyroides) has inflorescences up to 50 cm in length, which really look like a golden shower. A tree or bush blazes with gold brighter than forsythia. Now there are varieties with pink flowers and yellow young leaves.
In order to make a bobovnik a rich flowering plant, it should be planted in an open, sunny place, protected from cold winds and drafts. In the shade, the plant practically does not bloom, and the foliage may turn yellow and fall off.
Legumese soil prefers loamy, well-retaining moisture, not sour, but necessarily loose. However, it can grow well on sandy, stony. But the canola grows in the Moscow region slowly: in 10 years it can reach only 3 m.
The best time to plant a leaves plant is spring. They dig up a planting hole the size of which is slightly larger than the lump of roots of a seedling.
The recommended composition of the soil for planting bobovnik: 15-20 cm of the upper garden soil taken out of the pit, peat, compost (humus), sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 2: 2.
300-400 g of dolomite (limestone) flour and 40-70 g of any complex granular fertilizer are added to this mixture. All well mixed. The seedling is planted, the soil is compacted, watered and mulched.
Plants must be soaked before planting in a solution of any growth stimulant (heteroauxin, root, epine, humate, etc.
) or infusion of natural stimulants.
If the seedling has an open root system, then it is left in the solution for 12-18 hours, and if the plant is purchased in a container, then for 30-40 minutes.
The bobovnik must be cut, removing dry, broken branches, as well as forming the appearance, then the bush (tree) will look neat and compact. In order for the plant to bloom every year it is important to remove the beans, not allowing the plant to expend energy on their ripening if the seeds are not needed.
Feed up early in the spring and in September. For spring dressings need nitrogen. It is better to use liquid nutrient infusions for this - they are absorbed faster and do not burn the roots, because the root system of a bobovnik is close to the soil surface.
Shelter for the winter
How to shelter a bobovnik for the winter and is it necessary to shelter? The answer to this question depends on where the sapling from the garden is brought from. If the sapling is from Holland, then it is not a long-liver; it will always be frost-covered above the snow cover, and then it will fall out completely.
Saplings from the Czech Republic and Poland are more resistant in the Moscow region. The first 2-3 years, while the seedling is small, it is recommended to wrap it with lutrasil for the winter and tie it with string. Then its winter hardiness will be higher, only the ends of unripe shoots will freeze over.
If the plant is grown in a local nursery, then it is not even necessary to shelter it. This seedling is adapted to local conditions, and will winter well.
Application in landscape design
The rosemary is widely used in landscape design. Best of all, such a beautiful bush or tree looks on the lawn in a solitary planting.
Since its root system is superficial, it is possible to plant ground cover plants in the legs to the bobovnik: low stonecrop, periwinkle, varietal zhivuchki or simply mulch the stem near the decorative chips.
In a group planting, the bobovnik is drawn out, it does not bloom well in shading. Therefore, lower plants are planted in the foreground: spireas, willow "nana", rhododendrons, Chubushniki, dwarf or creeping coniferous plants (spruce, juniper, globular tui, etc.)
Leaf is propagated by seed and vegetative methods. Seeds remain viable for up to three years, but it is better to sow them immediately. Seeds without preparation or after scarification are sown in loose, fertile soil. It is possible to produce crops in autumn or in early spring, immediately after the thaw. Seedlings are well developed and do not require special care. Grown up plants are carefully dug out with a large lump of earth and transplanted to a permanent place. Flowering bobovnika grown from seed, will begin in 4-5 years.
Vegetative reproduction of bovobnik is no less successful. This method is preferred for varietal plants, as it allows you to save unique characteristics. You can use the following breeding methods:
- Cuttings. Young green shoots cut in July and August. They are rooted in loose soil in partial shade. Cuttings should be watered with care and covered with a cap until the roots are formed. In the first year of life, such seedlings need additional shelter for the winter.
- Graft. Varietal cuttings are grafted on the species stock. The vaccination site is located almost at the very ground.
- Layering. The lower shoot is pressed to the ground and covered with soil. It is advisable to apply several cuts to the bark at the root site. A month later, the shoot is cut and planted separately.
Planting and Care Rules
For the heat-loving bovovnika better to choose an open sunny place. It also develops normally in partial shade. The pit for planting should be spacious. It is recommended to pour a thick layer of drainage on its bottom. Strongly deepen the seedling is not worth it. To young flexible shoots do not lean in different directions, they are tied to a strong stick.
The soil for planting should be well drained and nutritious. Alkaline soils containing lime are preferred. The plant does not tolerate soil compaction and stagnant water. To prevent the earth from being crusted after watering, its surface is mulched with peat and moss.
Watering bobovnik need only during a long drought. The plant withstands drought much better than excessive watering. Most of the water he needs during the flowering period.
Top-feeding will help provide the tree with essential microelements during the period of active growth. Organic fertilizers are commonly used. Every spring the soil is mulled with compost. Several times a season, a solution of mullein is poured at the root.
Forming pruning bobovnik rarely carried out. His falling shoots take on a beautiful shape without human intervention. In the spring, you can remove part of the branches, including the frozen out shoots. This should be done moderately, otherwise labournum can get sick. After flowering, remove the beans if possible. This increases the attractiveness of the plant and prevents self-seeding.
Most branches of the bobovnik have a sloping shape. In winter, they can accumulate a large amount of snow. Under such a weight, branches easily break. To prevent this, a part of the snow cover is shaken off the branches or removed in another way.
In wet weather, with frequent stagnation of moisture at the trunk, the bauber plant is affected by powdery mildew. The disease is evidenced by a grayish bloom on the trunk and branches. If such signs are found, measures should be taken to improve the conditions of detention, as well as treatment with a fungicide. Due to its toxicity, pest leaves are not affected.