Crop production

Yaskolka: types and varieties with photos, planting and care in the open field

Author: Lisyeva Lily June 22, 2018 Category: Garden Plants

Yaskolka (lat. Cerastium) - genus of herbaceous perennials and annuals of the carnation family, growing in areas with a temperate climate of Eurasia, Australia, North Africa, and also South and North America. In the genus of about 200 species. The scientific name comes from the Greek word, which means "horned" and characterizes the shape of the fruit of some ascends. Some species of this genus are very popular in garden culture.

  • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
  • 2. Description
  • 3. Planting in open field
    • 3.1. When to plant
    • 3.2. How to plant
  • 4. Care
    • 4.1. Growing up
    • 4.2. Watering and feeding
    • 4.3. Pruning
    • 4.4. Transfer
    • 4.5. Yaskolka in winter
  • 5. Pests and Diseases
  • 6. Types and varieties

Planting and care of the yaskolka (in brief)

  • Bloom: from May for a month.
  • Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in October or in April, sowing seeds for seedlings - in late February or early March, planting seedlings in the garden - in July.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • The soil: any, even stony, but optimal soil is light, loose, with a predominance of sand, a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
  • Watering: regular, on average - once a week.
  • Top dressing: 2-3 times during the season with liquid organic fertilizers.
  • Trimming: in the spring they carry out sanitary cleaning, during flowering - forming pruning. After completion of flowering, the stems with peduncles need to be removed, and then it is quite likely that the sprigs re-bloom.
  • Reproduction: seeds, dividing the bush.
  • Pests: not affected.
  • Diseases: occasionally with excessive moisture, root rot occurs.
  • Properties: The sprat is aggressive and capable of capturing territories not intended for it.

Yaskolka flower - description

Spikelets are herbaceous plants with ascending or erect stems, reaching a height of 10 to 30 cm, usually pubescent, but sometimes bare. The representatives of the genus have a powerful, but superficial root system that can grow even in stony ground. The shoots of yaskolki creeping, well rooted. The leaves are opposite, small, whole, usually densely pubescent. Flowers with white, mostly double-cut petals reach a diameter of 2 cm. The fruit of the Yasnotk is an oblong small cylindrical box with brown seeds.

When to plant a splinter into the ground.

Growing seedlings from seeds is carried out both seedling and seedlessly. You can sow yaskol seeds directly in open ground before winter or in April. Sprouting seedlings thinned in 5 cm increments.

But most often for propagation yaskolki use the seedling method. Seeds for seedlings are sown at the end of February or in March. Germination of seeds is high, and after a week you can see the seedlings. Caring for the seedlings of yaskolki consists in watering and loosening the substrate. In the developmental stage of seedlings of two or three true leaves, they are swooping down in separate cups. Toe transplanting to the open ground will be ready in July.

How to plant a splinter.

Yaskolka is one of the most light-loving ground cover plants, so it can be safely planted in areas illuminated by the sun all day. She is not afraid of drafts or strong wind. The plant of the sprat is aggressive: one small bush can capture an area up to 75 cm in diameter, so it is advisable to limit the area around the perimeter after planting.

There are no complaints about the composition of the ground of the aspiration, it grows even on stones, if a little peat is added to the soil, however, the optimal soil is light, loose and airy soil neutral or slightly alkaline reaction with a predominance of sand.

2-3 weeks before transplanting into the ground, dig the area to the depth of the spade bayonet, adding 6 kg of humus for each m². Sand should also be added to the clay and loamy soil. Immediately before planting the soil should be loosened. Hardened seedlings are planted in shallow holes located at a distance of 30 cm from each other, after which the holes are closed and the area is watered. Only the next year will bloom the yaskolka from seeds.

Growing sprigs.

Planting splinters and caring for them is possible even for a novice gardener, since this plant is completely unpretentious: the sunnier the plot and the poorer the soil, the less you have to look after the pupil. In the spring, you need to clean up the flower garden, clearing the soil under the bushes from old branches, leaves and other debris, and in the future you will need to water the spruce from time to time, weed weeds in the area, remove dried flowers, cut the plant and, if necessary, loosen the soil between bushes , although it is not necessary.

Watering and feeding yaskolki.

Despite drought tolerance, the sprat in the open field needs regular watering, which is carried out once a week. In a season with normal rainfall, there will be no need for additional soil moistening, however, during a period of prolonged drought, watering should be regular and abundant.

Opinions about whether spraying is needed are divided: some experts argue that they are not necessary, while others insist that several dressings during the summer have a positive effect on the growth and flowering of spruce. If you decide that fertilizing spruce will not damage, use fertilizers for ornamental garden plants. The plant responds well to organics - solutions of bird droppings or mullein, which can be added to a queue with mineral complexes. Total for the growing season will be enough two or three feedings.

Trimming yaskolki.

The splinter can grow strongly, so its distribution must be controlled by trimming. In spring, the plant needs sanitary cleaning: all diseased, frozen and dried shoots must be removed. Formative pruning can be done in the spring or during flowering, directing shoots in the right direction and pruning those that seem unnecessary to you. After completion of flowering need to remove the stems with flower stalks. With proper pruning, you can achieve repeated flowering of the spruce in late summer. True, it will not be so abundant.

Transplantation of yaskolki.

A sprat in a garden in one place can grow for a very long time, but over time, due to the fact that it grows strongly, it becomes necessary to transplant and rejuvenate it. The transplant is combined with the reproduction of the spike by dividing the bush. The best time for this is early spring. Shrubs yaskolki first radically cut, then dug, divided into several parts, each of them freed from dry and rotted roots, and then planted into the ground in the previously described way. It is advisable to carry out this procedure at least once every five years.

Yaskolka in winter.

Perennial perennial - the plant is relatively winter-hardy and in areas with a mild warm climate winters without shelter. However, where winters are rarely accompanied by snowfall or severe frosts occur, it is necessary to cover the spike with lutrasil or spanbond. It is undesirable to use lapnik or foliage for warming, because the plant can dry out under them.

Pest and Disease diseases

The pests and diseases of the yaskolka are almost not affected, and if something like this happens, it will be solely your fault: only a neglected plant can get sick, which is not completely cared for or misused. Due to the excessively abundant and frequent soil moistening, the roots can rot at the spike. So that the plant does not suffer from diseases and pest attacks, balance the watering of the sprigs, regularly inspect the bushes, promptly remove dried flowers and shoots and do not allow weed to appear on the plot.

Yaskolka Biberstein (Cerastium biebersteinii),

orsilver falcon - the perennial from the shrub is from the Crimea. It has creeping shoots and peduncles rising to a height of 15-20 cm. The leaves of the plant are sessile, linear or oblong-linear, white flowers with a diameter of up to 1.5 cm form hemispans at the ends of the peduncles. In the culture of yabolka Bieberstein since 1820. The most popular variety:

  • Silver Spider Carpet - strongly pubescent plant with creeping shoots and peduncles rising to a height of 20 cm, forming dense cushions. Leaves sessile, small, white flowers.

Yaskolka felt (Cerastium tomentosum)

come from the south of Italy. It forms a cushion up to a height of 30 and a diameter of up to 60 cm, a plant covered with gray felt piles with creeping shoots. The leaves of yakolka felt are small, grayish, white flowers, up to 1 cm in diameter. The plant does not grow as much as other species, so it is often used for growing in rock gardens. In culture, the view from 1620. Popular in culture:

  • winter hardy columnae up to 15 cm,
  • kaskolka Crystal Falls - a variety up to 20 cm high with white flowers on thin short stems.

Yaskolka Ural (Cerastium uralense)

- view listed in the Red Book. It is a plant with loose turf, rising stems from 8 to 25 cm long, lanceolate leaves up to 4 cm long and up to 8 mm wide, and white flowers with one-fourth cut petals.

You can find in the gardens and species such as spade, large-flowered and purple.

Main characteristics

Splinters are generally the name of the genus. It includes several dozens of perennial and annual plants. All of them have a very powerful root with numerous horizontal branches. The stalk also looks the same - it diverges directly from the base in different directions.

The leaves of the opposite type are tightly and firmly attached to the stem. The shape of the leaves may be different - oval, lanceolate or ovoid, but they are all pointed at the end. To the touch the leaves are soft, with a short down. Foliage may be dark green, but more often it is, like the stem, a silvery shade.

Along with the heat, rather large buds appear at the ends of the shoots - their diameter is about two centimeters. The majority of the species of flowering bloom begins in May - it blooms very abundantly and for a long time.

In the middle of the flower is a short column, which is surrounded by five white petals. They sometimes appear longitudinal strips of olive or greenish, sometimes the petals are covered with cuts - this is not a disease, but a feature.

Popular species

As I said above, there are a lot of different varieties in the genus of spurts — there are several dozen of them. In our area, several varieties that are considered decorative by florists are very popular with gardeners.

  • Cerastium ordinary or yaskolka field - a small plant, the average height - about 40 centimeters. It resembles a shrub in its form, has dark green, almost emerald stems and leaves. They are completely covered with hard pubescence. The flowers themselves are snow white, their heart is with a yellow tinge. With proper care, flowering can last more than four months.
  • Felt yaskolka - low, about 25 centimeters in height, a herbaceous plant. Small leaves of lanceolate type are densely spreading along the entire length of the stems. All of them are covered with a bright silver pile. Yaskolka felt is characterized by small flowers whose diameter very rarely reaches a centimeter. They begin to bloom in May, the flowering period lasts a maximum of six weeks. Also, this type is characterized by slow growth and does not grow in width - it is quite convenient when it is necessary to preserve the shape of the flower bed.
  • Yaskolka Bibershtein - if you look at this plant from above - it looks very much like a pillow and belongs to the type of ground cover, the average height does not exceed 20 centimeters. The stems and leaves themselves are bright green in color, they are covered with a short silvery pile. It blooms profusely - at the ends of the stem, umbrella buds mainly open, the diameter of one flower is about one and a half centimeters. Begins to bloom later than other species - in late May or early June. The plant grows very quickly and requires tight control, otherwise it will quickly cover all available space.
  • Alpine yaskolka - beautiful erect shrubs are quite low - about 10 centimeters. All shoots are completely covered with leaves, they shimmer beautifully in silver and green colors. This species has large flowers - their diameter is on average two centimeters, the petals in the middle are cut in half. The beginning of flowering - in early May.

Reproduction and planting

Any kind of jazz propagates in three traditional ways:

  • Seminal. They can be planted directly into the open ground without much preparation. It is best to do this at the very beginning of spring or even in the fall - they have excellent germination. Seedlings do not require any special care, they only need to be watered sometimes. Flowering in the first year should not be expected - most often it comes in the second year.
  • Cuttings. Quite a simple way that anyone can handle - at the beginning of summer, you need to cut a piece from an already flowering plant and immediately root the cutting into the ground. The earth around it is slightly moistened and for some time covered with a handle with an ordinary glass jar. As soon as the young shoots appear - the jar can be removed, the flower has caught on.
  • The division is not the easiest way, which is suitable only for a rather mild and warm climate. In the spring, before flowering, the bush should be dug out of the ground and carefully divided into parts. Each of them is immediately seated in new places and watered abundantly.

Yaskolka is unpretentious, but in order for the flower to get accustomed and grow quickly, you can prepare the soil in advance. For this, it is necessary to add about five kilograms of any fertilizer to the place of future planting. It can be humus or compost, or any complex from a store. It is better to do this much in advance - about a month before the intended landing.

Immediately before planting, the soil must be re-digged again - about 15-20 centimeters. Each plant should be planted in a separate shallow hole - the main thing is to fully fit the roots.

It is very easy to care for the yaskolka, it is enough to follow simple rules:

  • The flower is very resistant to heat and drought tolerates much better than even a small excess of moisture. Watering should be moderate and infrequent.
  • If the land itself is good, then no permanent fertilizer is needed. It will be enough to feed a little once a year - during the flowering period. You can use any fertilizer, well suited mineral complexes for flowering plants.
  • Once every few years, the splinter must be trimmed. The shoots of almost all varieties are stretched out over time - this spoils the appearance of the flower. There are half shoots just cut off - you can easily return the shape and beauty.
  • The plant is very resistant to winter frost, even fierce. It winters well without any shelter - it is even harmful to hide a flower; under the film, the flowers often start to just sweep and wither.
  • In the spring, during the active melting of snow, it is necessary to carefully monitor that there is not too much moisture around the flower - it can rot, this is a common problem.
  • The yaskolka is very resistant to pests and diseases. She almost never has any problems.

Use in landscape design

The splinter is most often used as a ground cover - it covers the slopes, open areas or lawns with solid carpets. It is best to plant bushes in a fairly large open area - it turns out a beautiful white carpet.

The flower combines well with other plants, especially tulips, calendula and daisies. It is better to give preference to field flowers.

Pendants Features

The grass plant of the sprat possesses upright or ascending shoots, their height varies from 0.1 to 0.3 m, as a rule, they have pubescence, but they are sometimes bare. The root system is strong, but superficial, it can grow in stony soil. Creeping stems root very well. Conversely, whole small leafy plates, as a rule, have dense pubescence. White flowers, reaching a diameter of 20 mm, have double-cut petals. The fruit is a cylindrical oblong box, inside of which there are seeds of brown color.

What time to plant

Grow the seedlings from seed through seedlings or in a seedless way. Sowing seeds can be done immediately in open soil, they do it in April or before winter. The emerged shoots must be thinned, while between the plants it is necessary to keep a distance of 50 mm.

However, among gardeners the most popular method of reproduction through seedlings. Sowing seeds for seedlings produced in the last days of February or in March. The seeds of such a plant are distinguished by good germination and after only 7 days the first seedlings should appear. It is very simple to grow seedlings of the aspiration; it needs to be watered and loosened on the surface of the substrate in a timely manner. A pick of the seedlings is made after the formation of the second or third true sheet plate begins, for this purpose individual cups are used. Planting seedlings in open soil is carried out in July.

Landing rules

This culture is one of the most photophilous ground cover plants. In this regard, for its landing, you can choose solar open areas that are illuminated throughout the day. A place suitable for planting such a plant must be protected from strong gusts of wind and draft.

Such a plant is distinguished by its aggressiveness. One small bush is capable of capturing the territory, reaching about 0.75 m in diameter. In this regard, after disembarking a landing, the area must be limited along the perimeter. This culture has low soil composition. It is possible to grow such a flower on stony ground, but a small amount of peat should be added to it. But the best way to grow such a plant is a loose, airy and light soil, slightly alkaline or neutral, which contains a large amount of sand. Before planting the seedlings into the open ground for 15–20 days, one should dig a section to the depth of the spade bayonet, and 6 kg of humus should be added to each 1 square meter. If the soil is clay or loamy, then sand should be added to it. Before embarking on a spike, the soil on the site must be properly loosened. Before planting seedlings must necessarily harden. Planting should be done in not very deep holes, the distance between which should be about 0.3 m. The holes should be filled up, and the planted plants should be watered well. The first flowering of spruce grown from seeds will come only in the second year of growth.

Caring for pickling in the garden

The sprat is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, so it is quite simple to grow it in your garden plot. Best of all, such a flower grows on poor soil, while the plot must be sunny and open. In the springtime, be sure to clean the area where such a crop grows, from plant residues, old branches and flown foliage. Then this plant needs to ensure timely weeding, watering, pruning. You should also cut faded flowers in time, and even loosen the surface of the soil between the bushes, but this can not be done.

How to water and feed

This culture is resistant to drought, but it still needs systematic watering, it should be carried out 1 time in 7 days. If it regularly rains in the summertime, then it is not necessary to water the splinter. But during a prolonged drought, it is necessary to water such a flower.

There is no consensus among specialists if such a culture is necessary. Some of them are confident that the plant grows well without them, and in the opinion of the others, the sprat will respond well to several dressings produced during the summer period. Gardeners who decide to feed such a flower should use fertilizer for garden ornamental plants for this purpose. He also reacts normally to fertilizing with organic fertilizers (solution of mullein or bird droppings), they are recommended to be applied to the soil alternately with minerals. During the growing season it is only necessary to feed the yascolk 2 or 3 times.

How to trim

This herb is prone to strong growth, therefore it needs mandatory pruning. In the springtime sanitary pruning is carried out, during which it is necessary to cut out all the dried, injured and damaged by frost or disease stems. Also in the spring or in the period of flowering a formative pruning is carried out, as a result of which the gardener will have to send the stems in the necessary direction and remove all the extra shoots. When the bushes ottsvetut, it is necessary to cut off all the shoots with flower stalks. If it is cut correctly, it will restart blooming in the last summer weeks. But keep in mind that re-flowering is less luxuriant.

How to transplant

Such a culture in the same place in the garden can be grown for many years. However, sooner or later the bushes will grow strongly, and they will have to be transplanted and rejuvenated. During transplantation, propagation of the yascolk is performed by dividing the bush. This is best done at the beginning of the spring period. To begin, the bushes must be subjected to severe pruning, then they are removed from the soil and divided into parts. Each of the delenok should be cleaned from rotting and dried roots. The landing of delenok in open soil is carried out in the same way as the primary landing of yascolk. Experienced gardeners recommend carrying out a transplant of bushes at least 1 time in 5 years.

The perennial perennial is distinguished by moderate frost resistance, while in regions with warm winters it is not necessary to cover bushes for wintering. But in areas with little snow and frosty winters, the plant needs shelter, which can be used as a spunbond or lutrasil. Fallen leaves or lapnik is not advised to use for shelter, as the bushes under them often begin to sweep.

Diseases and pests

Yaskolka has a very high resistance to pests and disease. As a rule, harmful insects or diseases affect only those bushes that have been weakened by improper care or non-compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering. If the plant is watered very abundantly and often, then rot appears on its root system. In order to prevent it, the bushes should be watered correctly, systematically inspected, the fading flowers and stems should be cut off in time, and all the weeds should be pulled out immediately after they appear.

Alpine Yaskolka (Cerastium alpinum)

Under natural conditions, this species is found on the territory of the Carpathians, as well as the mountains of Altai, Western Europe and North America. Such a herbaceous perennial plant in height reaches about 15 centimeters. The shoots of the bushes are creeping. On the surface of the green-silver leaf plates there is pubescence, and their shape is ovate. The inflorescences consist of flowers of white color, reaching 20 mm in diameter.

Popular species

In the wild form is found on the African and Australian continents, in America and Eurasia. The plant has about two hundred species, which include both single and perennials. Only a small number of them found distribution in Russia:

  • Offspring field. Unpretentious, the stems reach a height of 45 cm, the leaves can be oblong or spear. Inflorescences range from single to group.
  • Alpine. The flowers are white, bloom in May. Ground cover, stems have a height of about 10 cm.
  • Large-flowered. Proud to be larger than other species, flowers - up to 3 cm.
  • Biberstein. Stems densely pubescent, up to 20 cm high. Resistant to low temperatures, early flowering. Actively growing and may even force out other plants from the flowerbeds.
  • Terry stem. One of the most beautiful species, his homeland - Italy. It forms compact cushion jackets, towering above the ground by 30 cm.

White sprat (Cerastium candidissimum), or snowy white spike

This species is Greek endemic. The bushes are covered with dense felt pubes, they form dense cushions. Shoots upright. The shape of the upper leaf plates is linear-lanceolate, and the lower ones are oblong-spatulate. Twice cut flowers have a large size.

The spade felt flower. Description, features, types and care of the nodule felt

Felt is a Türkic word, translated as “veil”. In reality, however, it is about dense material of the valine type. It remains to find out why some plants are called felt.

The heroine of today's article is Jaskolka. It is not fibrous and, moreover, is not covered with wool from which matter is rolled. Here the analogy is drawn with the concept of "veil".

Yaskolka Felt covers the ground like a carpet. Therefore, the plant is loved by landscape designers. They are used to using Jascola in the Alpine hills. We will try and we.

Description and features of Yaskolki Felt

The “pile” of the Yaskolka carpet does not exceed 30 centimeters in height. Minimum - 8 centimeters. Respectively, Felted plant yaskolka grassy. The rhizome of the heroine of the article is pivotal. Some species have knots. This is a sign of perennials. The remaining Yaskolki annuals.

Jascolki has several stems, as a rule. This gives the plant a bushiness, making the grassy carpet dense. In addition, shoots Jaskolki pubescent. Villi silver. The leaves are often also whitish. Turns out silver carpet. Yaskolka Felt it can grow straight or walk along the ground.

From the bottom of the stems Yaskolki oblong leaves "sit" on short petioles. To the tops of the shoots the green leaves disappear. The leaves "sit down" right on the shoot. The length of the plate is up to 3 centimeters and in width up to 6 millimeters. 5-6 veins can be seen in this space. They go flush with the sheet.

The inflorescences of the heroine of the article are semi-umbrellas. They resemble forks. White buds bloom on their tips. They consist of a number of sepals and another circle of petals. They can coincide in length, drawing up to 6 millimeters. But, more often true petals are shorter than sepals.

There are so many flowers on a plant that on photo Yaskolka Felt does not look silver, and white carpet. It is formed, by the way, in a matter of weeks. The rapid growth of grass, its unpretentiousness and easy reproduction incline many to write down Iaskolka in weeds.

Planting and breeding Yaskolki Felt

Landing Yaskolki Felt carried out as cuttings, and the division of the bush, seeds. The flower is thermophilic. Seed germination of 85 percent, but only out of cool.

The photo shows the seedlings of the felt

Therefore, in the open ground the heroine of the article is placed only in the early to mid-summer. Prior to this, seeds are grown by seedling, planting in a house or greenhouse in the middle of spring. At 18-22 degrees, shoots appear after a couple of weeks.

Planting seeds Yaskolki carried out in a heated, loose, lightly moist substrate. But there are no requirements for its fertility. The heroine of the article easily grows in the sand and even gravel.

The distance between the seeds on the seedlings in it is 5 centimeters. Planting grass in open ground, can withstand 20-25 centimeters. For the landing dates, by the way, there are exceptions.

You can put sprouts in a flower bed already in the middle of spring. Yaskolka Felt from seed will survive, but will give flowers only for the 3rd year. Accordingly, the risk is justified when planting perennial grass species.

Cuttings Yaskolku rarely propagated, because the ideal survival rate is observed in sections taken after the flowering grass. Such can be obtained only in the second half of summer. The alternative is reproduction by March cuttings. Their survival rate is worse and the plants are weaker.

Rooting cuttings Yaskolki important under the hood. Suitable plastic bag or plastic cup. Before covering the spraying spray itself and the soil. Take shelter only for airing. Ventilate for 20-40 minutes daily.

The soil under the cuttings should be loose, providing oxygen access to the soil. With its abundance of branches rooted in 1.5 weeks. As soon as they grow, they take shelters, and after a couple of weeks they pinch shoots. It stimulates branching.

Dividing bush Cultivation Yaskolki Felt begin in early spring. Cultivating perennial species should be preferred division once every 3-4 years. During this time, the bushes grow, losing decorative.

In particular, the flower stems turn yellow. Therefore, first Iskolku cut. This makes it easier to work with the bush. Then, wait for the beginning of the growth of shoots and divide the plant into compact parts.

Care for Yaskolkoy Felt

In order to make the carpet from Yaskolka always look dense and beautiful, it is necessary to cut off the flower stalks after the buds wither. If you leave them, the plant itself will “wither”. Stems dramatically dragged, and the bottom sheets fall on them. As a result, the cover from Yaskolka looks loose and untidy.

On the photo are the seeds of the yascolka felt

Oppressed by the heroine of the article looks just the same in the shadows. The plant loves the light. Therefore, planted Yaskolku Felt in areas open to the sun. It is warmer there, and the heat, as mentioned, is also to the liking of the flower.

At the same time, Yaskolka easily endures short-term droughts. Hence, by the way, one more explanation of the recommendations not to plant grass in open ground in the middle of spring. Yaskolka does not like stagnant melt water, it may rot and die. In the gardens, the plant is planted when the soil is not only warmed, but also dried out.

The average schedule of watering the heroine of the article - once a week. Moisturize slightly. This is especially important after trimming the bushes, but watering is reduced to nothing before flowering. With proper care, Perennial Yaskolki survive wintering without shelter.

That is, the plants do not need to bring into the house, or placed under the fabric, film, straw. If the heroine of the article overwinters in the apartment, she will transfer the heat of the heaters.

Top dressing Jascolka is given during the period of active growth. It has already been said that this growth in grass is especially rapid. Coupled with the tolerance of the flower to depleted soils, this allows not to fertilize the bushes at all.

The abundance of feedings additionally stimulates growth, making it virtually uncontrolled. Therefore, feed Yaskolku a little bit, carefully. Any fertilizers are suitable, even though mineral, though organic, albeit complex. The heroine of the article is pleased to all, because in nature she goes without doping.

Types of Yaskolki Felt

The sprat belongs to the family of Cloves. The genus includes about 200 species. We list the popular in the garden and pot growing. The least whimsical "Alpine" Yaskolka.

However, its bushes do not differ in thickness. Grass height is about 15 centimeters. Another difference of the group species is round foliage. On its background large buds bloom 1.5 centimeters in diameter. In shape, they resemble bells, but look up.

On the photo of yaskolka felt

Buy Yaskolku Felt “Alpine” type can even be on the island of Lovkud. This is part of the Arctic. Flowers are not imported. Yaskolka is the only plant with buds that tolerates such conditions. Further - only mosses and lichens.This suggests the resistance of the "Alpine" species to the harsh environment.

View Yaskolka "Snow-white" whimsical in nature grows only in the mountains of Greece. But gardeners are captivated by the color of leaves that is unusual for the heroine of the article. They are rich green.

The color of the buds also stands out. In most species, petals, especially at the base, with a green or yellow tint. "White" Yaskolka Felt does not have additional shades, pure as a snowflake.

Bushes "Snow-white" look thick. Stems are both upright and creeping. But at Yaskolka "Biberstein" shoots are always inclined to the ground. View native of the Crimea.

On the photo of Yaskolka “Voylochnaya” “Crystal Waterfall”

Varieties have a particularly thick edge. Because of her herbs look gray. The buds are full of youth, large and wide open. A distinctive feature is the partial dissection of the petals. At the top they are divided into 2 halves.

There is also a separate view Yaskolka "Felt". Crystal Falls - one of its popular varieties. He, like other representatives of the species, has felt leaves.

They are so narrow and pubescent that they resemble threads of wool. The buds of the species are white asterisks. You can admire them all year round. Varieties of the species bloom many times, and therefore are often chosen for the southern regions and pot growing. In the house, as well as on the site, Yaskolka requires a transplant every 4-5 years.

Popular in floriculture and Yaskolka "Krupnotsvetkovaya." The name is justified by a 3-centimeter diameter of buds with a height of bushes of 20 centimeters. Grieves only late flowering.

It starts in the middle of summer, ending by autumn. Re-budding is not to wait. But, the plant grows without watering. Light moistening is required only after trimming. This is a rule for open ground. Indoors, of course, need watering. He is scarce but permanent.

The “Krupnozvetkovaya” Yaskolki has a record growth rate. Important timely removal of excess shoots. Otherwise, grass drowns out neighboring cultures. The most low-growing varieties Jascolki are in the "Field" form.

It contains herbs that do not exceed 8-10 centimeters. In nature, the flower grows in Siberia, therefore, ideal for planting in areas of the Novosibirsk region, the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Republic of Buryatia.

In these regions, “Field” Yaskolku is valued not only in decorative, but also in medical plans. Shoots have a sedative effect, that is, able to suppress consciousness. Simply put, the infusion of herbs soothes no worse than the famous Motherwort.

Diseases and pests Yaskolki Felt

Diseases of Yaskolki are associated exclusively with waterlogging of the soil. In it, the plant rots and becomes vulnerable to fungi. Under normal conditions, the heroine of the article has excellent immunity.

This is another reason to start Jascolka in the garden or at home, for example, on the balcony. A newbie will not pose a threat to other plants and will not pass on their diseases.

If we talk about the neighborhood in terms of Yaskolkoy's absorption of weaker and slow-growing flowers, then you can put Petuni, Lobelia and Phloxes in a couple of heroines of the article. They are separated from their territories, not allowing Yaskolka to grow excessively.

There are those that will bloom perfectly in any environment - at least in the warmth even on a street window sill. Knowing which group the plant was assigned to, it will be easy to produce proper care.

Basic breeding conditions consist of ensuring the humidity of the atmosphere, the amount of water introduced into the soil and ensuring a safe temperature. Lighting is one of the most important factors. Most cultivated plants are divided into classes.

Some species will keep strictly at home without a street. Some can only be diluted outside the home.

Rules for growing yascolk felt

This species is also among the very popular. It has branchy stems of gray-green color, which, expanding, form a high (up to 30 cm) pillow. Flowers are white, up to 1 cm in diameter, appear in May. The flowering period lasts about 35 days.

Yaskolka felt - non-pernicious plant. But for better decoration, you should know some features of planting and care.

Choosing a landing site

The felt yolk species is light-requiring, drought-resistant and winter-hardy. This must be considered when determining the landing site. The best will be a plot on the hill, where the maximum sunlight during the day. In semi-shady places, the plant will also feel normal.

Important. You can not choose a dark place for yaskolki, especially where there is a lot of moisture. There she simply will not survive.

Soil for plants fit any: stony, sandy, poor. The main condition should be the presence of good drainage, so that the soil was not too humid. If the ground is too dense, you should add sand to it so that the water does not stagnate.

Sowing seeds

Sowing material is brought in soil either in the end of October, or in April. You can use the seedling method. For this, seeds are sown in early March. Tanks with future plants should be placed in the brightest place, optimally - on the southern window.

Young shoots sprout after 10 days. When three true leaves appear on them, the spike swoops into separate cups of 2-3 stalks each. If the sowing was in the nursery, located in the open air, the seedlings should be thinned so that the intervals between them were at least 5 cm.

From the premises, young animals are transferred to the open ground in the middle of May, and at the end of June from the nurseries. It happens that the spruce blooms in the first year, but usually the flowers appear only the next.

In the process of growing seedlings watered fairly moderately, not allowing an excess of moisture.

Care of the yascolk felt

It is practically not necessary to water the spraying felt - the dense carpet will hold off moisture and the leaves from below will start to rot. The plant for good development is quite enough natural moisture.

Important. Watering yaskolke need only if the weather is too dry and hot, and only a few times during the season.

After three years, the flower must be transplanted to rejuvenate the plant, as over time it loses its decorative qualities. The stems are drawn out and the bush becomes sloppy.

To keep the shape, trim the trim. In the process of pruning removed long shoots that are knocked out of the general "cap" of the bush.

Important. To maintain decorativeness after flowering, the stems need to be cut.

Wintering flower

The plant tolerates frost well. If you have chosen the landing site correctly, then there is no need to cover the flower with anything. Part of the shoots even keeps the foliage, and is actively restored in the spring. Covering a spruce with spruce branches or dry straw is only when there is a threat of severe frost, and there is no snow cover.

Council If you have a desire to admire spring full-sized bushes, cover them with non-woven material. Take it off after the snow melts - the bushes will be completely alive. In the spring, the flowerbed, where the splinter grows, should be cleared of plant residues and all dry shoots should be removed.

Important. If the area with the flower will be flooded with melt water, the plant may die.

The reproduction of the yolk felt

Yaskolku can be propagated not only by seeds, they also use cuttings and dividing the bush.

  • The division of the bush. The procedure is carried out in the fall or early spring. The bush is divided with a shovel, and each part is transplanted to a new site. Bushes well take root and begin to grow actively.
  • Cuttings. After the bush ottsvetet, cut off the stalks for breeding. They are planted in the ground, where they quickly take root. Already in autumn, similar specimens produce new shoots, and, after wintering, they grow rapidly.

Important. The day before cutting the cuttings, the plant needs to be watered well to soak the stems with moisture.

Pinpok in landscape design

The best location of the splinter will, of course, be the Alpine slide. In the process of growth of the court, wonderfully surround the stones, and the plot will have a natural, original appearance. In addition, the flower looks good in the vicinity of geyher, bells, cineraria, stonecrop, if you place it in a flower bed with a low border.

It makes sense to plant a sliver on tulips, muscari, in bulbous blossoms in late spring. When they ottsvetut, lush carpet will cover the dry stems, and now the little snow-white stars will please the hosts with their bulk.

Air clouds on a green background can be created by planting a splinter on a lawn. It also looks wonderful on the edge of the garden paths. The neutral white color of the yaskolki makes it possible to choose any desired shades of plants for it in the color palette.

Important. The drought-resistant flowers, which do not need frequent watering, should be adjacent to the aspiration. This is due to the fact that the wet soil, so necessary for other plants, will cause the splinter to rot.

This flower has become very popular with many gardeners. And there is nothing surprising. After all, in need of a minimum of care, the pendant will exquisitely decorate any corner in the garden.

General characteristics of the yaskolki - types and varieties

CEREBURN (Cerástium) is a herbaceous, flowering plant of the carnation family, widely distributed in areas with a temperate climate: Eurasia, Africa, America, Australia. The genus of yaskolki contains up to 200 species of summer or perennial, including ground cover plants. Of these, growers grow only a few.

Yaskolki have erect or ascending stems, mostly pubescent, rarely bare, often forming rather dense tufts. Graceful flowers with white mostly double cut to half or 1/3 of the petals. Fruit yaskolki - oblong-cylindrical box with rounded-reniform brown seeds.

Yaskolka felt (C. tomentosum) Fast growing perennial in our gardens and as if specially created for slopes and terraces. In just a few years it forms a beautiful pillow curtain up to 20 centimeters high, up to 1.5 meters wide.

Felt yaskolka is appreciated for its small silvery-pubescent leaves on creeping shoots and pretty milky-white flowers-bells directed upwards. If you regularly cut the plant of the spike, the curtain becomes more fluffy and elegant. Blossoms in the month of April. The plant is winter-hardy, but can fall in warm winters.

The most popular variety of this species is Crystal Waterfall with milky white flowers and silvery foliage.

This is the most successful foreground plant for rockeries, mixborders, rock gardens, low retaining walls. Designers often use it to create a fresh background under stone mounds or large trees. Its silver foliage with felt omission perfectly harmonizes with the armies, dark-leaved bells, as well as other flowering plants and decorative leafy plants.

Yabolka Biberstein (C. biebersteinii) The most common variety with grayish-green pubescent leaves on creeping shoots and rising up peduncles with bright white flowers in diameter up to 1.5 cm. The most favorite flower grower is the Silver Carpet with a decorative rich silver foliage and "snow carpet" with beautiful white flowers.

Jascolka snow-white (C. candidissimum) Perennial with gray-green oblong-spatulate lower leaves and linear-lanceolate upper. May-June blooms with large flowers with double-cut snow-white petals.

Alpine Yaskolka (C. alpinum) The most unpretentious variety of the existing range. It is a compact perennial form, forming a rare, not high (up to 15 cm) bush during flowering. Its leaves are rounded, silvery.

Large, bell-shaped white flowers directed upwards, gathered in a rare inflorescence. Alpine blooms in May, loves the sun, does not tolerate stagnant water, especially in the winter, is not aggressive. Under cover, the plant can vyperevat.

The ideal plant for alpine slides, rockeries, foreground mixborders, where the splinter looks modest, but very cute. Magnificent in garden flowerpots and containers, as well as in cutting, in the form of small bouquets

Growing conditions and care of the yaskolka

In general, the sprat is easy to grow and care, loves the sun and well warmed up areas, for example, the southern slopes. It is winter-hardy, winters without shelter.

It has undemanding soil, prefers stony or sandy soil, is not very fertile, but loose soil without excessive moisture. In the northern regions for the winter landing for reliability cover with humus or compost.

Too warming is not worth it, because the plant of splinters is more susceptible to soak than freezing.

In early spring, if there is little moisture, it is well watered. Before the start of active growth, they feed them with full-value mineral fertilizer. In June, after flowering flowering stalks are shortened.

You can prune shoots in the spring to preserve more ornamental, better tillering and lush flowering. Strongly overgrown curtain with time in the center may become bare.

To avoid this, after flowering it is cut.

Propagation of yaskolki. The plant of the asip propagates well by seeds, in the fall or spring - by dividing the bush. These flowers can be propagated immediately after flowering with green, easily rooted cuttings. Seed growing yaskolki possible in two ways: the seeds in February, sown on seedlings or directly into the ground in early spring.

"Selection of plants for alpine slides" "List of plant species for rock garden"

Yaskolka - growing from seed

The flower of the sprat is a perennial flowering plant that prefers a temperate climate. They use it for decorative purposes to decorate gardens, as the splinter is an unpretentious and livable plant.

In addition, the sprat creates an atmosphere in the garden, as in the Alpine mountains - its small white flowers are very delicate and natural, it seems as if the spawn grew in the garden itself, and was not planted there by human hands.

But let's take a closer look at this beautiful plant and the conditions for planting and caring for it.

Yaskolka - landing and care

The easiest way is growing seedlings from seeds. This is less troublesome than cutting the cuttings, and besides, seeds of sprigs are easy to buy. First, sowing seeds are sown on seedlings. Germination of seeds is very good and shoots appear approximately a week after sowing.

Already after two or three weeks after the emergence of shoots, they must dive. You can transplant a sprat in a pot if you are going to grow it at home or in a flower bed if you grow it in a garden. Care of the seedlings the first time requires the most minimal - only watering.

It is impossible to allow the soil to dry out, but it also does not like splinters and too much moisture, that is, it will be necessary to find a middle ground here. Place for planting yaskolki must be selected in the penumbra or in the sun, open sunlight this plant is not a hindrance.

The type of soil for the spruce plays no particular role, its only requirement is good drainage.

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Crayfish - a fairly common groundcover Perennial herb with wonderful silvery leaves and white flowers, gathered in inflorescences. One of the most beautiful plants for the slope and terraces, from which it hangs down, like milk spilled by someone. The sprat grows quickly, forming large pillows between the stones in rockeries.

One of the most difficult tasks for a grower is to create beautiful flower gardens for different areas of the garden. To get acquainted with the already prepared author's ideas of their creation and photos of the colors used, we suggest watching this video course!

The most popular types of yaskolki:

This species has silvery pubescent leaves, creeping shoots, and peduncles rise above them. The flowers are white, with petals cut in two, gathered in a small umbrella-shaped inflorescence. Unpretentious, hardy.

In good conditions, even aggressive. If necessary, growth to the side limit pinching shoots.

The most popular variety is Yaskolki “Snow Carpet” with snow-white flowers, completely covering the coat and “Silver Carpet” with more silvery leaves.

2. FELT BOX:

PHOTO: Polonskaya Svetlana

More valuable for its pubescent silvery small leaves on the lodging shoots. White bell-shaped flowers look up. Perennial. For several years it forms a fluffy pillow up to 20 cm high and up to half a meter wide. Perfect for haircuts for greater compactness.

Very early flowering immediately after the snow melted. Does not tolerate stagnant moisture. May be exposed in the center. Winter-hardy enough, but in snowless winters can fall. Growing this species is no different from the rest.

The most popular grade "Crystal Falls" with very silvery leaves and white flowers.

Differs in large flowers and much later flowering in the second half of summer. Plant height does not exceed 20 cm, forms a pillow.

4. CURRENT ALPINE:

A low perennial plant forming a rug up to 15 cm high. The leaves are silvery rounded, the flowers in a small inflorescence are white, bell-shaped, looking upwards. Early flowering, long.

It does not tolerate stagnant waters and direct sun, especially in winter, if there is no snow cover, but it can vypryat with shelter, so you need to cover with sacking from the sun, which is removed immediately after the snow melts to dry out the bush.

The last two species have a more compact form, less aggressive, with large flowers, and pubescence of the leaves is higher, which gives them a felt appearance. These species are good for rock gardens, it is better on the slopes so that the water does not stagnate in the spring, but after snow melting it is better to struggle with drying over a little muddy loose soil without an excess of organic matter.

5. CRAFT OF TERRIBLE OR ORDINAL:

Widespread plant in Russia. The height of the plant varies from 10 to 30 cm, depending on the growing conditions, in meadows, forest edges or rocky limescale.

Creeping shoots, green leaves, flowers in umbellate inflorescences white. Propagated by seeds. Of the wild species, there is also Yaskolka large.

characterized by higher stems up to 40 cm large leaves, and Yaskolka field more rare species with long petals of white flowers.

Yaskolka - silver carpet

Yaskolka (cerastium) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the carnation family. It was first found on the Balkan Peninsula, but the flower successfully grows in Eurasia, Africa and Australia. It is cultivated in Russia. The genus includes more than one hundred species.

A distinctive feature are silvery stalks and foliage, as well as white flowers. Thickets of yaskolki resemble a snow carpet. Even when flowering is over, the unusual cover attracts a lot of attention and persists until frost. Jascolk gives a highlight to the landscape.

Caring for her is not difficult, just learn a few simple rules.

Plant description

The genus of ascals includes annual and perennial herbaceous plants. It nourishes the flower with a fibrous, shallow rhizome.

It is considered very powerful due to horizontal branches that allow the splinters to spread over long distances. Creeping, erect or ascending stem forks from the base.

The shoots are painted in a silver-green shade and covered with short pubescence.

The opposite leaves sit tight on the stem or have short stalks. The oval, ovate or lanceolate leaf plate is pointed at the end and has solid edges. Foliage can be painted in dark green or silver color. There are species with bare or densely pubescent leaves. For the softness of the foliage, splinters are sometimes called "mouse ears."

From the first decade of May begins abundant and long flowering. Flowers may reappear in July. Buds are located at the ends of the shoots. Their diameter is 1-2 cm.

The corolla consists of five petals and a core in the form of a thin and short column. At the end of the core, a branching in the form of a five-pointed star is seen. White petals are covered with several longitudinal stripes of green or brown color.

From the edge of the petals almost to the middle there are cuts.

As a result of pollination the fruit ripens - a cylindrical seed boll. It contains “horned” seeds with a brown surface. It is noteworthy that in Latin “cerastium” is translated as “horned flower”.

Types of iskolki

The genus of yaskolki is very numerous, but domestic gardeners especially liked only a few ornamental varieties.

Yaskolka field (cerastium ordinary). A semi-shrub plant up to 40 cm tall has dark green shoots and leaves. They are covered with short, hard pubescence. Rounded or ovate leaflets have tiny petioles. Small white flowers with yellow cores open in May and last up to 4 months.

Yaskolka felt. The herbaceous plant 20-30 cm high is densely covered with a felt silver pile. Along the entire length of the shoots are small lanceolate leaves. Flowering begins in May and lasts up to 35 days. The diameter of white flowers is less than 1 cm. The species grows slowly and hardly expands its possessions.

Jaskolka Bieberstein. The ground cover forms a dense, pillow-shaped curtain up to 20 cm in height. The bright green oblong-linear leaves and stems are covered with a short but thick silver pile. At the ends of the stems, few-flowered umbrella inflorescences bloom. The diameter of the corolla is about 1.5 cm. It blooms in May and June. Actively growing and requires a hard limit.

Yaskolka alpine. The plant forms upright, branched shrubs up to 15 cm in height. The silver-green ovate leaves are located along the entire length of the shoots. Flowers with a diameter of 2 cm bloom in early May. Petals strongly cut into two parts.

Breeding methods

The most common and simple method of propagation of seed is seed sowing. In open ground, seeds are sown in October or mid-April. In March, you can sow a plant for seedlings. For this purpose, containers with light, fertile soil are used. Small seeds spread on the surface and moisten the soil.

The container should be put in a well-lit place and keep the temperature + 20 ... + 22 ° C. Shoots appear on the tenth day. It is important to water the plants with great care so that they do not rot. When the seedlings grow to 5 cm in height, they dive into separate pots of 2-3 plants.

Seedlings are planted in open ground at the very end of May or at the beginning of June.

Perennial varieties of yaskolki can be propagated by vegetative means:

  • The division of the bush. In the spring, when the plants are just starting to wake up, a part of the curtain is separated and, together with a clod of earth, they are transplanted to a new place.
  • Rooting cuttings. The procedure is carried out in the spring, before flowering, or in August, after its completion. Cut stems root in the open field. The day before cutting, the clearing is watered abundantly so that the shoots are saturated with moisture. Before the formation of roots, seedlings are kept under the hood.

Plant Care

To care for yaskolkoy simple enough. It should be watered very moderately. Only in extreme heat can you pour a small amount of water under the root. The plant is resistant to drought and is usually satisfied with natural rainfall.

Periodically it is recommended to loosen the soil near the plant. It helps the air to penetrate to the roots and eliminates weeds. So that the soil after watering is not covered with a crust, it should be mulched in spring.

On the fertile land, the yaskolka does not need fertilizers. Weakened plants can be fed once during the flowering period. For this, mineral compositions for flowering plants are used.

Gradually, the stems of the ground cover are drawn out and look less beautiful. In order to avoid this, in the spring the spruce is cut to half the length of the shoots.

Yaskolka is resistant to even severe frosts. It winters without shelter in central Russia and more northern regions. If you use a film, the bushes can sopret and die. In anticipation of the harsh and snowless winter planting covered with spruce branches. In the spring, the roots sometimes rot from excess moisture after the snow melts.

The sprat is resistant to diseases and is not affected by pests. Only with frequent stagnation of water in the soil can root rot develop.

Benefit of the tip

All parts of the spruce are rich in saponins, coumarins, phenol carboxylic acids and flavonoids. Procurement of raw materials produced in the flowering period. Broths are used as a sedative, as well as to restore immunity, the fight against vitamin deficiency, conjunctivitis and hemorrhoids. In folk medicine, grass is also used for the prevention of cancer.

Yaskolka - “Balkan perennial”: planting, growing and care

Yaskolka is a perennial plant from the Balkans, now growing throughout temperate climates. In the photo, the sprat looks like a green and white carpet.

Gardeners love jaggers for the simplicity of cultivation in the open field and absolute simplicity. This flower can live in almost any conditions and is simple in reproduction.

A variety of varieties and types will give you the opportunity to decorate your garden, even without being a landscape designer.

Yaskolka: varieties and varieties

There are more than one hundred species of yaskolki, and many of them are considered weedy. In a culture, mainly perennial varieties are common:

  1. Jaskolka Bieberstein. The most common form of gardeners. Its main advantages include long-term flowering and rapid growth. In addition, it carries light frost well and does not need a winter shelter. It is a creeping flower with gray-green leaves and medium-sized (about 1.5 cm) white flowers.
  2. Yaskolka felt. One of the favorite colors of professional landscape designers. Low shrub, tending upwards, with flowers, asterisks on small stems.
  3. White spike - silver carpet of flowers. Very spectacular view, blooming from the very beginning of summer.
  4. Silver spindle - This is a plant, the flowers and leaves of which are as if covered with a silver layer. It blooms in early summer, looks very profitable on a plot with direct sunlight.
  5. Yaskolka alpine. Of all the varieties of the most unpretentious. It grows in all conditions and on any soil.
  6. Offspring field. Height can reach 40 cm, grows even in the wild. It differs from other species by long flowering (up to 4 months).

Planting a plant

The perennial peregrine has a fast growth rate and is able to cover a large enough area with a carpet for a short period of time. With the growth of culture forms caps or large balls.

It is possible to plant a spike in open ground with seeds. This is usually done in the middle of spring. The place for planting is most often chosen by the sun, because it is the sun's rays that make the carpet of earthenware so spectacular.

The soil for this perennial fit any. The only exception is clay, it is better to dilute with sand. When digging fertilizer is not applied.

Just sow the seeds in the open ground at a distance of 25 cm from each other and watered.

Splinter thrives well on any soil.

Such a landing can be made not only in spring, but also in late autumn.

If you want to achieve an earlier flowering, it is better to plant the seeds for seedlings. The seeds are sown in pots in May, and in June they are transferred to open ground. The optimum temperature for seedlings is 22–23 degrees.

Council Do not water the seedlings too often. It will be enough to do this once every 3-4 days.

Fertilizer and feeding yaskolki

Many gardeners argue that splinters do not need additional fertilizing and fertilization, however, there are those who recommend additional fertilizing to accelerate growth and more lush flowering. It is often advised to bring in organic matter after planting and during the flowering of perennial.

The introduction of organic matter will make flowering more lush

Diseases and pests

Another advantage of jerk can be counted as the fact that it is practically not susceptible to diseases and has good resistance to pests. Only in rare cases can a spike be exposed to a fungal infection. Most often this occurs when the plant is completely neglected or when excessive humidity occurs.

Council Periodically prune wilted stems. This will give your plant a compact and well-groomed look, as well as enhance immunity to diseases. The blossoming of yaskolki from afar looks like a solid white carpet

Yaskolka: combination with other plants

Since many varieties of yaskolki are considered weedy, and those that are grown in gardens have the ability to grow rapidly, you need to take this into account when planting on the same bed with other plants. There is a possibility that some plants of the yaskolka may simply “crush”. To avoid this, it is necessary to cut the flower stalks.

Watch the video: Ясколка обыкновенная Снежный Ковер. Краткий обзор, описание характеристик cerastium tomentosum (March 2020).