Peony is a stunningly beautiful blooming perennial ornamental garden culture. Unlike many flowers, which need to be transplanted every few years, peonies can grow in the same place without a transplant for decades. Luxurious inflorescences of peonies can be colored as delicate, pastel, and bright, rich. They rather long keep on a bush and in cut. The lush leaves of peonies decorate the backyard all season, becoming purple in the fall. Of course, like all garden flowers, peonies love “yummy”, that is, various top dressing. Top dressing of pions is carried out during the whole season and can be both foliar and root. Let's talk about each form in more detail.
Foliar top dressing
Foliar top dressing of pions is done by spraying the leaves with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. And the smaller droplets when spraying, the greater the effect will be from this procedure. Spraying is carried out in the evening or in cloudy weather, when the stomata open at the plants. For better absorption of fertilizer, you can add a little soap or laundry detergent to the solution. In this way it is very good to feed young plants once a week, starting from the second week of May.
Mature plants also respond very well to foliar feeding. They are carried out three times per season with an interval of three weeks thus: urea - urea + mineral fertilizers - mineral fertilizers. Why exactly? At the beginning of growth, the plants need nitrogen contained in urea, during the period of budding nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, nitrogen is no longer needed during the budding of renewal, therefore urea is excluded from feeding.
Top dressing of peonies in the spring organic fertilizers
Top dressing with organic fertilizers is made for adult plants in the period of bud formation and the beginning of flowering in the root way. This may be a solution of mullein or bird droppings in a ratio of 1:10 and 1:25, respectively.
Basal top dressing of pions with mineral fertilizers
Top-dressing with mineral fertilizers at the root is carried out three times per season, starting from the end of March-beginning of April, when fertilizer granules can be scattered directly in the snow. They will dissolve in the melt water and be absorbed into the soil - the goal will be achieved. In the summer, the fertilizer is also spread on the soil at the roots, trying not to touch the neck of the bush. Previously, the soil is watered, and after applying fertilizer, the surface is sprinkled with another layer of earth and compacted.
Feeding Peonies with Bread
Bread fertilizer is one of the best for peony in spite of the fact that it belongs to popular recipes. It is harvested in the following way: half a loaf of rye bread or crusts remaining after a meal is soaked in cold water and allowed to brew for half a day so that the mass is swollen. After that, it is diluted with a bucket of water and the plants are watered with this composition at the beginning of the growing season.
As you can see, the feeding of peonies in general is not much different from the fertilizer of other garden flower crops. It is important only to comply with the regime and correctly select the composition for feeding, and then your garden peonies will surely delight you every season with lush greenery and long-lasting luxurious flowering.
How to feed the peonies in the spring: Top dressing for lush flowering!
January 26th, 2018 ditim page »Trying 162
Peonies must be fed both in spring and autumn.
Autumn top dressing is carried out with the aim to strengthen the plants and prepare for winter.
In the spring, additional nutrition is needed for peonies for active growth, successful entry into the budding phase and lush flowering that pleases the eye. The compositions of peon feedings in spring depend on the age of the plant.
- Peonies in the first 2 years after planting. Root and extra root top dressing for growth and development of plants.
- Blooming peonies. Three fertilizing for flowering.
- Adults plants aged 8-10 years.
- Watering the pion.
- How to feed the peonies for lush flowering in the spring. -tips.
Top dressing of peonies in the first 2 years after landing
For the first two years, young pions do not need root dressings with mineral fertilizers if the soil has been fertilized well enough during planting.
At this age, enough peonies watered, loosen and weed. To loosen the peonies should be very careful: next to the bush loosen the soil to a depth of 5 cm, and at a distance of 20 cm from the bush - to a depth of 10 cm.
Particularly necessary loosening after rain and abundant watering.
And foliar top dressing in the first year after planting may be as follows:
- Urea solution: 40-50 g per 10 liters of water. With the help of a garden sprayer, the treatment is carried out in the spring, as soon as the plants wake up and start growing.
- Re-peonies are treated after 10-15 days. This time, 1 tab. Is added to the urea solution. trace elements.
- The third dressing is done in another 10-15 days. The composition of the solution: table 2. trace elements per 10 liters of water, without urea.
At the same time, during the 2nd and 3rd dressing, you can water the pions under the root of one of the solutions in order to stimulate the growth of the root system:
- Sodium humate: 5 g per 10 liters of water,
- Heteroauxin: 2 tablets per 10 liters of water.
In the first 2 years it is important for a young plant to develop a powerful root system, get stronger, form a strong shrub. Therefore, in addition to supplements, it is advised in the literature to remove peony buds in the first 2 years after planting. Abundant flowering can be expected only in the 3rd year.
Three flowering for flowering
So, at the age of 3 years, peonies, as a rule, begin to delight the eye with lush flowering. By this time, the plant usually has 10-15 stems.
Now the plant needs regular root dressings with mineral fertilizers. Over the entire growing season (from spring to autumn) there should be at least three.
It is important to observe the dosage and processing time of plants. Overfeeding is as undesirable as nutritional deficiency.
The first spring feeding
Time: early spring, during the thawing of snow or immediately after that. Composition: 10-15 g of nitrogen and 15-20 g of potassium per plant, urea can be used.
The second spring feeding
Time: in the budding phase Composition: 10 g of nitrogen, 15-20 g of phosphorus, 10-15 g of potassium per 10 liters of water. Dosage - 1 plant.
How to feed: in the form of an aqueous solution, at the root.
Time: 14 days after flowering. Composition: 15-20 g of phosphorus, 10-15 g of potassium per 10 liters of water. Dosage - 1 plant.
How to feed: in the form of an aqueous solution, at the root.
How to feed peonies at the age of 8-10
Peonies in "advanced" age need to increase the dose of mineral fertilizers in the composition of dressings by 1.5 times. At the age of 8-10 years peonies are recommended top dressing slurry.
Feeding time: in the budding phase, once.
Ingredients: mullein / bird droppings + mineral fertilizers.
The recipe of the solution:
- Fresh mullein (1 liter) is diluted in 10 liters of water. Instead, you can use bird droppings (500 ml) - 10 liters of water. Add 40-50 g of superphosphate to the solution and draw for 10-12 days. Before use, the solution is diluted with water 1: 1.
- A groove 10–15 cm in depth is dug around the bush at a distance of 20 cm. A bucket of fertilizer is spent on 1 plant.
Important! Root top dressings are carried out so that the solutions do not fall on the rhizome of pion.
Peony loves moisture, and abundant watering it requires:
- during budding (before flowering),
- during the formation of kidney renewal (since mid-summer).
Watering frequency: 1 time in 8-10 days.
Amount of water: 3-4 buckets for 1 adult bush.
After watering: the earth is loosened and mulched.
Watering peonies is best in the evening. During flowering, it is important to ensure that water drops do not fall on the flowers.
Such a scheme of fertilizing and peony irrigation is given in the book Peonies. My blooming garden.
How to feed the peonies for lush flowering in the spring?
But to refer to one source would be unfair, so we decided to watch the videos on. They flower growers share their experience in the care of plants.
Water soluble fertilizer for flowers: Fertik, Kemira, Terrace Suite
Mid-May - it's time to feed the peonies. The peony root is located deep enough, and in order for the fertilizer to reach the roots, 30 centimeters from the bush, you need to make holes about 15 cm deep.
Kemira, Fertika, Terrace-lux - complex fertilizers for flower cultures in granules with a good set of trace elements. They contain nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus, which are so necessary for early spring peony blooming. Around the bush enough to make 3-4 holes, and in each pour half a tablespoon of fertilizer.
Important: before any peony feedings, you must first water the soil.
There is such an option. You can prepare an aqueous solution of the listed complex fertilizers: 1 tbsp of fertilizer "Fertika" or "Terrace Suite" 10 liters of water.
A solution of trace elements make root feeding or spraying over the leaves. Processing can be carried out twice: as soon as the “noses” of plants from the ground appeared in early spring and during budding, just before flowering.
Top dressing consumption per 1 bush - 10 liters.
Feeding is also recommended after rain or watering, on wet soil.
Mullein infusion + mineral fertilizers
2 weeks before flowering, it is useful to feed the peonies with infusion of mullein, diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 20, with the addition of potash-phosphorus fertilizer.
Humus, "Baikal", "Gumi"
In the spring, when the stems just appeared above the ground, the soil must be cleared of weeds and puffed shallowly. Old peonies can be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture (1%) to prevent fungal diseases.
It is useful to sprinkle the soil under the bushes with humus (several handfuls are enough), and then pour it with water. You can make fertilizing with mineral fertilizers: azofoskoy, superphosphate, solution of "Baikal", herbal extract, solution of "Gumi".
The second feeding is carried out after another 10 days. And then - in the phase of the formation of buds.
Mineral Fertilizer Solutions
In the spring, as soon as the first shoots appear, an aqueous solution of mineral fertilizers is prepared: 15 g of ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water.
At the stage of budding or during the flowering of pions: 7 g of ammonium nitrate, 5 g of potassium salt, 10 g of superphosphate.
After flowering - 5 g of potassium salt and 10 g of superphosphate.
In this proportion, aqueous solutions of mineral fertilizers are prepared and applied to the pits dug 20 cm from the bush, 10-15 cm deep.
One loaf of black bread is cut into slices and soaked in 10 liters of water. Put in the sun, cover with a lid so that the pieces of bread are buried in water (you can under a press). Bread will release a large amount of acids into the water, which will be useful for the growth of pions. Insist 1-2 days.
Sources of information in this section: video feeds on.
spring, peonies, dressing, flowers
How to feed peonies after winter in early spring, before flowering during the budding period, after flowering in July, August for more lush flowering? Fertilizers and folk remedies for feeding peonies in spring, summer and autumn: list and application
In this article, we will look at how and how to apply fertilizers and folk remedies for feeding pions.
Peony is rightly called the king of the garden.Its magnificent lush, fragrant buds attract attention, and the heady, dizzy scent easily envelops you in a haze of magical fragrance. In this article we will talk about feeding pions.
How to feed peonies after winter in early spring?
In order for peonies to delight the eye and serve as an ornament to the front garden, today we will look at how, when to care for them, as well as what, and how to feed them properly.
- A peony in itself is rather unpretentious and viable, if, of course, all proper landing measures are followed and the place is well chosen.
- This culture is quite hardy and tolerates, both persistent frosts and heat
- At the roots of peonies are many sleeping buds, which are constantly replaced. Do not try to "transfer" the plant from one place to another. With the right place, the culture can stay and blossom in the time allotted to it for up to fifty years, and there are cases that last longer. For such a favor gardeners adore them and do not cease to care for them.
However, in order for these flowers to please your eye, it is not enough to plant them on the site, you also need to create favorable conditions for them, namely:
- Eliminate weeds to allow stems to break through
- Water and soil the soil
- Fertilize the culture with various supplements and other necessary additives.
- Prevent the occurrence of ailments
It is important to feed the peonies
Caring for a culture in the spring is not a big deal, but it has a number of its features and characteristics. It must be said right away that not only top dressing is important during this period, it is also very important to ensure the right care for peonies and only after that start their fertilization.
- The ground part of the plant dies before the onset of cold weather, and in spring the shoots grow back
- It is necessary to eradicate the weeds immediately, so that they do not affect the growth of new stalks. It is necessary to loosen the soil around the bushes very carefully, at least 12 cm from the bush, otherwise it is possible to harm the shoots that are trying to break through.
- It is necessary to try to podgresti land to the plant, while providing protection to the root system with a necessary layer of soil within 5 cm. This location of the rhizome must be constantly monitored so that it does not rise above the soil. If the root nevertheless rises above the surface, then the growing buds will suffer from cold or heat and as a result will die.
As soon as the snow comes down, as a rule, in early spring, when small shoots appear that start to appear from the ground, the bushes of plants must be fed with the following nutrients:
- Trace elements
- Potassium permanganate solution
- Ammonium nitrate
After all, in case of untimely and insufficient feeding of the bushes of the plant in early spring, it will not get enough nutrients it needs and will lag behind in development, will be prone to diseases.
How and what fertilizers and folk remedies should be used to feed peonies in early spring after winter: rules, recipes and technologies
Among other supplements that are carried out during the entire growing season, a special place is given to spring. After all, it has a huge impact on how quickly the bushes will wake up after hibernation and whether enough forces will be accumulated to form and dissolve the buds.
In this regard, gardeners who have long been engaged in the cultivation of pions, spend the spring a number of complex procedures and manipulations that are aimed at fertilizing the soil with all the necessary substances, trace elements.
The first stage of spring dressing falls on the end of April, the beginning of May. It was at this time that the sprouts rise above the ground plane and need organic fertilizers:
- Horse dung
- Bird droppings
The second stage of plant feeding culture occurs 14-20 days after the first.The goal, which is to provide the culture with all the nutrients during flowering:
- 35 g of phosphorus
- 25 grams of potassium
- Bucket of infused mullein
The third stage of feeding begins in about a month, when the bushes have already finished blooming:
- Mullein infusion 1 bucket
- 35 g of superphosphate
- 20 g of potassium sulfate
As previously reported, spring dressing is very important. But also an important aspect is the selection of high-quality and effective fertilizer. The most common fertilizers include:
- Fertilizer allowed to apply as much as 3 times in one season. The method of its application is the following: it is required to lay out a handful of fertilizer in the recess made under the bush and sprinkle it with earth. At each stage of top dressing, different types of fertilizers should be used: Kemira-Universal, as Fertik is also called, is used in early spring before flowering, and now Kemira-Combi is used during the second feed. This fertilizer rather easily dissolves, so all you have to do is pour it on the ground and pour water on the bush.
- Baikal EM-1 has gained immense popularity among organic substances. It amazingly nourishes the soil, but also improves the very structure of the soil. But before direct fertilization of peonies in spring with Baikal EM-1E, it must be mixed with compost. In addition, the layer of such fertilizer should be within 10 cm.
- Chicken dung can be used as a resource of useful substances. For the manufacture of fertilizers based on it will require 1.5 liters of chicken manure and a full bucket of water. Settled solution for 2 weeks. Fertilizer is applied in this form 1: 3 with water. For a better effect, you can add a handful of wood ash to it.
For beautiful flowering is important to feed the peonies
There is also such a folk remedy for fertilizing these colors:
- 120 g yeast
- Glass of sugar
- Warm water to dissolve the yeast
- A bucket of water
Sugar sand we dissolve in warm water, and then put yeast in the liquid. Leave the resulting mixture for 10-12 hours. After the time has elapsed, filter the liquid and then mix it with a bucket of water.
Experienced gardeners use such fertilizers to ensure the lush flowering of culture bushes. In addition, the yeast-based solution is ideal for bushes just starting out.
How to feed the peonies in the spring during budding?
As you can see, these flowers constantly need regular feeding, and the period of formation of the buds of the plant is no exception.
To fertilize the bushes of these plants at this time is very important, because after the winter period, peonies, like all plants, are very weak and need to be replenished.
Consequently, in this case it is impossible to do without top dressing; therefore, it is unacceptable to skip the application of fertilizers, which improve the budding of the crop.
In order for the peony bushes to enjoy the lush and rich flowering for a long time, it is necessary to remove all the buds for the first couple of years after planting in the ground. Such a technique will enable the plant to take root firmly and to develop in the best way possible in the future.
Top dressing during budding
So, during the active budding of flowers it is necessary to give preference to such substances:
- Initially, it is necessary to give preference to supplements, which include nitrogen and potassium.
- Specifically, in the period of budding without fail, pions should be fertilized with a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
- After flowering plants can be limited to the introduction of substances such as phosphorus and potassium.
How and what fertilizers and folk remedies should be used to feed pions during the budding period: rules, recipes and technologies
The magnificent flowering of this crop falls for 3 years after planting it in the soil. By this period, the main stems in the amount of from 10 to 15 pieces are fully formed on the bushes. During the formation of buds also feeding of already formed bushes is carried out.
For fertilizer culture during the formation of buds, you can apply this liquid feed, which is prepared on the basis of the following components:
- 15 g of nitrogen
- 25 g of phosphorus
- 20 g of potassium
- 12 liters of water
This amount of the mixture must be diluted in 12 liters of water. The resulting liquid solution is poured under a single bush. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out such a manipulation for each available peony bush in the garden.
Fertilizer during budding
Here is another recipe for good flower feeding for this period:
- 2.5 Art. l nitrofoski
- 1 l mullein
- 10-12 liters of water
We mix all the ingredients, give a little brew and use for feeding peonies at the rate of 6.5 liters per bush.
- It would not be superfluous to spray the bushes with a solution of such a tool as “Bud”. This tool helps regulate plant growth. You need to mix the ingredients like this: for 1 l of water you need to take 1 g of the substance
- They also use wood ash, just sprinkling it around the bushes. At 1 bush you need 1.5 cups of ash
How and what kind of fertilizers and folk remedies to feed peonies after flowering in July, August: rules, recipes and technologies
Young peony bushes begin to delight us with their lush flowering only in the 3rd year after planting. Consequently, during this period they need a nutritional supplement, which is carried out in spring and summer about 3 times.
The final stage of fertilizing with mineral fertilizers (potassium-phosphorus fertilizer) coincides with the first summer month. The following ingredients are used to prepare this type of fertilizer:
- from 10 to 15 g of potassium
- from 15 to 20 g of phosphorus
- Microfertilizer tablet
All the ingredients are mixed in containers and the resulting mixture fertilize the bushes in the cool or evening. It is important to know that the peonies should be fertilized with this mixture very carefully, without getting on the stems, otherwise it can cause a burn.
You can also use a mixture of the following ingredients:
- 2 tsp. superphosphate
- 10 water
- Microfertilizer for flowering plants
It will take about 5.5 liters per one bush of flowers.
Autumn feeding of peonies, for the winter - fertilizers, folk remedies: rules, recipes and technologies
In addition to dressings, which are carried out during the most intensive stages of plant formation, an important place is given to autumn.
In the autumn season, somewhere in September and early October, the plant roots still continue to grow, while accumulating nutrients in their individual seals, which are very important for overcoming the winter period and spring germination. For this reason, you can not miss the autumn feeding culture.
You can use the following tools for feeding. To prepare phosphorus-potassium fertilizer you need to prepare:
- 17 g of phosphorus
- 17 grams of potassium
- A bucket of water
We pour liquid into the container and add our fertilizers to it. Carefully pour over each bush with the resulting mixture without getting on the stems and leaves of the flower in order to avoid dangerous burns that weaken the general condition of the plant.
Final feeding of pions is carried out using a mixture of such means:
- 100 g of bone meal
- 1 cup wood ash
The resulting mixture should be spread evenly around each bush of the plant and the soil gouged, thus, the resulting fertilizer will penetrate to the right place. Here is another useful tool. This nutritional fertilizer for pions can be prepared in an affordable and simple way:
- In the prepared barrel, you need to dissolve the bucket of mullein 5 buckets of water
- Next, put the mixture in the sunlight and let it brew for 2 weeks.
Peony fertilizer before winter
At this time, you need to do the following manipulations with fertilizer:
- wait for active fermentation
- add 50 g wood ash to the barrel
- 200 g of superphosphate
- to stir thoroughly
- dilute the mixture before ordinary watering with ordinary water
In addition to feeding the flowers in the autumn period, it is equally important to create good conditions for them to winter:
- When the air temperature on the street rapidly decreases, the culture is exposed to adverse weather conditions, therefore, it is important to create the most comfortable conditions in which the plant will stay until spring. The most important conditions for a good immersion of a peony in a dream is to trim the bush and create a shelter for the peony.
- Carry out this procedure should be in the last month of autumn, with the first frost. Pruning bushes, it is almost complete removal of the stems. Only small shoots above the buds are left above the ground. As a shelter you can use opal leaves, humus, or peat. In addition, this layer should reach from 10 to 20 centimeters, depending on how cold the winters are.
- Thanks to this manipulation, the plants will be protected from frost and provided with the necessary elements for hibernation. For dusting bushes, preference should not be given to straw and wood chips. Indeed, under such a stratum, the formation of fungi and bacteria is possible. Throughout the winter, watch the bushes of peonies, it happens that the buds become bare. If this happens, immediately cover shoots. And when spring comes, the seedlings will need to be freed from the improvised “bedspread”.
In order for peonies to be healthy and to delight your eye with their lush, luxurious flowering, it is vitally necessary on time, efficiently, and, following all the instructions and recommendations, take care of them.
Top dressing of peonies: than to fertilize flowers in the spring and in the summer
Without enough nutrition, peonies, like all other plants, will quickly lose their ornamental qualities, and their flowering will stop in a few years.
After all, the content of nutrients in the soil is limited, over time the earth is depleted, and the flowers begin to lack the necessary micronutrients.
Feeding peonies in spring and summer is not just necessary - fertilizer and stimulant application is the key to the long-lasting beauty of your bushes.
Of course, the most important thing for peony is water. It dissolves nutrients in the soil surrounding the culture and, through the suction roots, delivers them to all parts of the plant.
When growing 3-year-old peonies in 6-liter pots in one warm day (air temperature - 25 ° C) in sunny weather, the soil in them dries out and daily watering is required.
And the second observation: under the peonies in the garden is always dry soil, except for the rainy period.
If we assume that an adult peony consumes only 1 l per day, then its need to replenish moisture in the soil in 2 weeks is 14 l.
So, peonies need water most of all and always need watering with dry soil! And this is more important than any fertilizer, but you should not ignore fertilizing while caring for peonies.
On this page you will learn how to fertilize peonies in spring and summer, and what to do if your bushes refuse to bloom.
In early spring, with cold and undeveloped ground parts, the development of the plant is due to the nutrient reserves in the roots. After the leaves unfold, a downward flow (sugars) from the leaves to the storage roots also occurs.
This period of presence of two equally intense flows in the growth process is very short: from mid-May to early June (2-3 weeks), full growth of the shoot and the beginning of flowering for the flowers of the flowers.
Later, in summer and early autumn, downward flow of sugars formed during photosynthesis prevails.
What to fertilize peonies and when you need to make feeding? It is considered necessary to carry out these activities throughout the growing season. But spring feeding of peonies is especially important during active growth of plants.
The main nutrients necessary for the growth of pions are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They are required in significant quantities. Full development is impossible without magnesium, sulfur, boron, iron, copper, zinc, which are needed in smaller doses. They are commonly referred to as trace elements.
What happens to peonies with a lack of fertilizer? When nitrogen deficiency leaves, starting from the tips, become light green, and then yellow. Perhaps too much watering and / or rain washed nitrogen from the soil.
With insufficient feeding of peonies in spring and summer with phosphorus, the leaves first acquire a dark green, then purple or purple-purple hue. Darkening begins with the veins, and then spreads to the entire leaf plate. Brown coloring appears on the edges of the leaves. The darkened leaves fall. One reason for this may be poor availability of phosphorus for acidic (pH7).
If there is a lack of fertilizers for potassium-containing pions in spring and summer, drought resistance in plants decreases, they wither more quickly. The edges and tips of the leaves become yellow-brown in color and curl. Buds and / or flowers are lagging behind, do not reach normal size. This can often be observed with too active growth of plants.
With a lack of magnesium, the leaves between the veins become yellow or orange. The color change begins at the edges, then spreads to the center of the sheet. Magnesium is often lacking if the soil in the garden is light and acidic.
With insufficient feeding of peonies in spring and summer with fertilizers with sulfur, the leaves acquire a whitish, yellow or yellowish-brown tint. The color change starts from the base of the leaves, then spreads to the top. Symptoms primarily appear on young leaves. This is observed if the soil is poor in organic matter.
If the care of peonies in the spring and summer does not make feeding with boron, the leaves on the tops of the shoots turn yellow. Light bright or dark spots resembling splashes appear on the leaves. Flowering weakens or stops. A lot of barren.
With a lack of iron leaves become whitish or yellow. Veins remain green. The absorption of iron is inhibited on alkaline or neutral soil, and also if lime has recently been introduced into the soil.
With a lack of fertilizing peonies in spring and summer with copper fertilizers, the leaves of the plants turn pale, bend, or curl. The reason may be an excess of potassium permanganate, which disrupts the flow of copper into the plant.
With a lack of zinc on the leaves appear yellow spots. Veins first remain green, then yellow too. Plants are stunted.
The following describes how to feed the peonies in the spring for lush flowering bushes.
The growth and development of pions, like other plants, is controlled by special compounds - plant hormones. Auxins stimulate cell growth, and the height of the plant depends on gibberellins. These are growth stimulants.
But there are other hormones that inhibit the growth and development of the plant. They are called growth inhibitors.
With a lack of its own plant hormones, it is possible that growth and development are impaired, in which case it is advisable to use artificially synthesized analogues of these substances.
What is to feed the peonies in spring and summer, so that they actively bloom?
Heteroauxin stimulates root formation and growth, increases the survival rate of delenok. Good result gives soaking in solution and watering under the root 10 days after planting. The solution is prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package. Efficiency is enhanced when combined with zircon.
Epin increases the resistance to fungal diseases, increases cold resistance, increases decorative effect. The double treatment of plants is recommended: in May when the stems grow and in the budding phase. At damage by frosts good effect is given by immediate spraying of plants with epin. The solution is prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package.
Zircon - growth regulator, root formation, inductor of flowering and disease resistance.
It provides an increase in germination, acceleration of seed germination, growth and development of plants, stimulates root formation, protection from adverse external factors - frost, drought, excess moisture.
Efficiency is enhanced by feeding peonies in early spring along with the addition of heteroauxin. To soak the seeds, 0.02 ml is dissolved in 200 ml of water. For spraying plants - 0.05 ml in 200 ml of water.
Tsitov accelerates seed germination, increases resistance to external adverse conditions. Prevents the development of diseases of leaves, rot. To soak the seeds, 1.5 ml is dissolved in 5 l of water. Soaking time is 10 hours. The same solution is used for spraying plants. The greatest effect is observed when combined with epin and zircon.
Ferovit - universal growth and photosynthesis stimulator. Designed for root and foliar dressings during the entire growing season. A good effect is given by spraying the plants 3-4 times per season in the morning and evening hours. For the preparation of spring fertilizer for pions, 1.5 ml of the drug is dissolved in 1l of water.
Siliplant - micronutrient with active silicon and a full set of trace elements. It increases the strength of plant tissues, stimulates their own defenses to withstand adverse environmental conditions and diseases and thereby enhances growth.
Therefore, the effect of a siliplant on a plant can sometimes be compared with the effect of growth promoters. To prepare the working solution, 2-3 ml is mixed with 1 l of water. Top dressing is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season, then another 2-3 times with an interval of 20 days. With root feeding, the consumption of the working solution is 4-5 liters per 1 m2.
When non-root - consumption of 1-1.5 liters per 10 m2.
The video “Feeding Peonies in Spring and Summer” shows how to fertilize plants:
Knowing how to feed the peonies in early spring and summer, you will provide the bushes on the site with a long lifespan and active flowering.
Next, you will learn why peonies do not bloom, and what to do in this case.
The reasons why peonies do not bloom, and what to do in this case
Peonies planted last year or the year before last do not bloom. This is normal. Most varieties and hybrids begin to bloom in the third year after planting.
Part of the peonies does not bloom in the third year. According to some observations, the hybrids are ahead in the development of the peony variety of the moltochnotsvetkovogo and in the third year already, as a rule, they bloom fully, although not abundantly.
But individual varieties, most often red and some of the late flowering, can begin to bloom only in the fourth year.
Peonies are already 4 years old or more, but they do not bloom. If their appearance is normal, then there may be several reasons. The following describes why the peonies do not bloom, and what to do in this case.
- Perhaps the planting material was poor quality or the delenka was non-standard, too small. In this case, it remains only to wait.
- Recessed landing. Peony rhizome should be located below the soil level by no more than 5-6 cm, otherwise they will not bloom. Especially it concerns the varieties of peony lactic flowering. To test, carefully remove the soil above the center or with a wooden probe to determine the depth of the rhizome. If the rhizome is deeply buried, the plant should be dug out at the end of August, divided into standard delenki and planted according to the rules.
- The plant was planted close to trees, bushes, large herbaceous perennials with a large root system, penetrating into the peony planting area. A transfer to a more suitable place is required.
- An overly large plant has been planted or an adult plant has been transplanted. In this case, the new root system is developing poorly, which ensures the full development of the pion. Then in the second half of August, the pion should be dug out and, following all the rules, divided and landed in a new place.
It so happens that in the garden for many years peonies grow, but in recent years they have become much worse to bloom. Most likely, the problem of depletion of the soil.Peonies need to provide abundant food, fertilizing is done through wells.
It is possible that the deterioration or cessation of flowering is also possible if the peonies accidentally fell asleep with earth or, on the contrary, the rhizome was exposed. Check the depth of landing and restore the normal level of immersion - 3-5 cm.
Peonies are 8-10 years old. Some of them continue to bloom well, and hybrids began to ache and bloom worse. With good care, the varieties of peony can grow in one place and normally bloom for 30-50 years or more. The life of hybrid peonies is limited, and after 8-10 years they are strongly affected by gray rot, and they should be divided and planted again.
To combat gray rot, the main disease of pions, it is necessary in the spring, during the active growth of the plant, to conduct 2-3 sprays with a solution of copper-containing preparations: Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate, chlorine-copper oxide.
Before feeding the peonies and treating them for diseases, use the information on the recommended preparations and their concentrations for treating pions in the spring and, at a later date, from the end of spring with watering and spraying.
The reasons why peonies do not bloom may be different. Below are some of them.
- An unsuitable place - too shaded, too dry or too wet, near large trees, shrubs or perennials. It is necessary to transplant the plant.
- Kidney damage late spring frosts. Be patient, the next year the peonies should bloom, if the rhizome itself was not damaged.
- The dry season, lack of moisture during the formation of the kidneys in the previous year, lack of nutrition.
- Too rapid flowering of the bush last year, excess buds were not removed. They should be removed before flowering next year.
Tulips care spring top dressing
Tulip is considered a symbol of spring. These unpretentious bulbous flowers delight us every spring. Many varieties can grow without care and digging for many years, but for the flowers to be large and the variety does not degenerate, flowers need care.
You need to start caring in March, if the snow melted or almost melted. If there is accumulated melt water in the flowerbed, then it must be removed, since stagnant water is dangerous for the bulbs. To do this, you can dig bypass grooves or crowbar to make holes in the ground around the perimeter of the flower bed. And so all about the care and dressing of tulips in the spring.
How to water tulips in spring
You can often hear that a tulip is a very unpretentious flower, a perennial plant that does not require special care. By and large this is true, however, it is worth remembering that, like any other plant, it still needs some attention. Tulip belongs to the bulbous form, and like most of these plants likes moist soil, therefore watering is very important for it.
Fresh articles about the garden
Of course, in most cases, the flower grows in open ground and inexperienced growers think that natural moisture is sufficient for it, but it is not.
In especially dry weather, a tulip requires abundant watering, which will be one of the best steps in caring for a flower. It is especially important to water the tulip during budding, flowering and two weeks after flowering.
The rate of water for irrigation is about 10-40 liters per square meter, but it all depends on the weather and the soil on your site.
How often to feed the tulips
Tulips need to be fed 3-4 times per season. Each fertilizer application is associated with plant life cycles:
- the first feeding is carried out in early spring, as soon as the earth thaws,
- the second feeding is possible immediately after the appearance of the buds,
- The third dressing is recommended at the beginning of flowering,
- if you wish, you can feed the tulips and the fourth time - as soon as they fade.
Trace elements needed for tulips
Many people mistakenly believe that tulips are unpretentious plants, because they often grow "savage" in the front gardens.But in the process of cultivation it turns out that they are very dependent on the quantity and quality of fertilizer applied. It is also important to use the “right” trace elements in order not to harm the plant.
Since tulips have very small roots, it is best to use liquid solutions to feed them.
Like many other plants, tulips need a complex consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium. These elements contribute to the growth and development of these colors. Also for full growth and flowering plants need:
- Iron - it is necessary for the formation of chlorophyll, which is necessary for the leaves of bulbous plants. It gives them a deeper color and a healthy look.
- Manganese carries out the process of photosynthesis.
- Boron serves as a stimulus for forcing seeds.
- Zinc protects plants from temperature extremes, which does not allow the flowers to freeze with a sharp temperature drop.
- Copper eliminates fungal diseases.
It is undesirable to use manure, as it is a provoker of bulb rotting and promotes the reproduction of bacteria harmful to flowers in the soil. Chlorine is completely contraindicated to flowers, so it is very important to prevent it from entering the culture.
Top dressing of tulips in the spring
Plants with such care well winter. How to feed the tulips in the spring? After germination, they are fertilized, introducing a dry mineral complex fertilizer into the aisle at a depth of 8 cm.
So, when using nitrophosphate, superphosphate, 50 g of fertilizer per square meter is applied, and potassium salt and urea - 30 g each. During the most active growing season, when all parts of the plant grow, fertilizer is most welcome.
When choosing what to feed the tulips and daffodils in the spring, you need to take into account that the tulip, like other early bulbous ones, has a small root system. Therefore, they need fertilizers easily digestible.
Experts recommend the use of fertilizers of prolonged action, such as "Kemira" flower. In its composition of nitrogen, necessary for growth, contains 17%, phosphorus, potassium - 10% each. There are various trace elements necessary colors.
Tulip care after flowering
The bulbs need to restore the power they spent on flowering and make a reserve for the next season. As soon as the tulips ottsvetut, they need to pour a solution of boric acid:
- 10 grams of boric acid,
- 1 liter of water.
A week later, the last top dressing of tulips. Nitrogen is no longer needed during this period. Used complex phosphate-potassium fertilizer. Flowerbed with tulips watered with this solution:
- 30 grams of superphosphate,
- 20 grams of potassium,
- 10 liters of water.
When digging tulip bulbs
This is done around mid-July. For early tulips, you can dig out bulbs 10-14 days earlier than late ones. It is important that the yard was warm and dry day. Dirt from the bulbs is removed, and then they are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and dried.
Now the florist will have to carry out important work on which it depends - whether his garden with tulips will be good next year.
For the storage of bulbs, it is desirable to have boxes in which, instead of the bottom, a mesh is reinforced. The bulbs are sorted first by grade, and then by size - adults and children, stacking them separately - in 1-2 rows.
Each bulb should be carefully examined so that between healthy ones there is no rotten or affected fungus - it will infect the rest. Throw out and bulbs that have received mechanical damage, for example, cut with a shovel.
At the end of the process, labels with the names of varieties are fixed in the boxes.
A couple of weeks the bulbs are stored at normal summer temperature, in a room where there is good ventilation. "Harvest" should dry out well.
In late summer and early autumn, the temperature can be reduced to + 18-20 C. At the same time, the bulbs continue to periodically inspect, immediately removing the diseased.
Top dressing of pions when landing
Peonies - lush perennials.They usually begin to bloom in the 3rd year of life, but the profusion and beauty of this spectacle is largely laid back at a young age, when planted. After you have chosen the right place for the flowers on the plot, you should start preparing the ground. It can be enriched with a solution of infused mullein mixed with trace elements:
- mix fresh manure with water (ratio - 1 to 6),
- leave the mixture with the mixture in the sun for a couple of weeks,
- after fermentation, add superphosphate (0.2 kg) and wood ash (0.5 kg),
- mix thoroughly
- dilute with water 1: 2,
- just pour the solution onto the soil and mix with the ground.
If everything was done correctly, then before the third season such supplements will not be necessary for pions. Will need only foliar. They will help the plants to develop the underground part. The process can be divided into three steps:
Council To achieve the best effect, conduct procedures after sunset, but before night falls.
If you missed the tillage before planting, then during the first year of life, take extra time to feed the peonies three times:
- in May add nitrophoska to the soil: 100 g per 1 sq. m. m,
- after 2-3 weeks, repeat the procedure
- after another 2-3 weeks, fertilize the soil with potassium-phosphate mixtures.
Features annual feeding peonies
After the third year of life, plants are fertilized according to a different scheme. Now it is important for peonies not only to strengthen the stem and grow greens, but also to form healthy and viable buds in large quantities. The initial supply of microelements at the bush runs low, so it needs to be replenished. 3-time care is considered effective:
- Immediately after the snow melts, the flowers need strength to resume the growing season. To do this, without embedding in the soil, scatter the nitrogen-potassium mixture around each culture. Norm - 10-15 g per shrub. It is important that the substances do not fall on the plant itself.
- Secondary pions are fertilized at the beginning of budding with a mixture of phosphorus (20 g), potassium (15 g) and nitrogen (10 g). The number indicated on each bush. The mineral complex is brought under seal in soil.
- 14 days after the first buds bloom, you need to feed the peonies a third time. This is important for a good wintering and successful flowering in the next season. Mix 15 g of potassium and 20 g of phosphorus.
Recommendations flower growers on peonies fertilizer
In any business balance is important. If in the spring to overfeed peonies with nitrogen, then foliage will go into a wild growth, and the flowers will be reduced. Overabundance of other trace elements also adversely affect the plant. When calculating the rules, use the advice of experienced flower growers:
- Mineral fertilizers will be ineffective on organic poor sandy soils. In this case, divide the second and third dressings into two equal parts and apply them with a clear interval of 12-14 days.
- Shrubs growing on poor soil, separately feed the burmagnium mixture. Make no more than 5 g per square 3-4 times per season.
- To fertilizers delivered to the address, and not to the surrounding weeds, put them in small grooves made a foot from the bush.
- More peonies are very fond of rye bread. Put a loaf in cold water. Wait for 8 hours. Then dilute the resulting mass in 2 buckets of water. Just pour the solution into a flower garden, without fear of overdoing it. The optimal time is the appearance of the first shoots. Bread will give impetus to the development of the root and budding.
Fertilizing peonies is not difficult. It is important to remember that this should be done only in the spring or in the first days of summer. Later feedings will lead to looseness of the structure of the stems. The plant will become vulnerable to fungi and various diseases.
Top dressing of peonies in the spring
It is known that peony bushes can grow in one place for up to 50 years, while blooming every year in full color. All that is needed for this is proper care, including watering, loosening, adding nutrients, combating diseases and pests.
This procedure is especially important in spring and summer, during the growing season.The purpose of this article is to describe in more detail the terms and methods of conducting such procedures, to reveal their features and rules.
What is spring dressing for?
Spring has a special place among all seasonal feeds. After all, it depends on it how quickly the bushes will wake up after winter, whether they have enough strength for abundant and long flowering (Figure 1).
For this reason, experienced gardeners spend a whole range of activities in the spring aimed at introducing necessary nutrients into the soil.
How to fertilize peonies in spring
The most important for the growth of culture are elements such as nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. In this case, the first top dressing should include nitrogen and potassium to ensure the growth of green mass to the plant. Phosphorus is included in the second dressing. And if for the first time nitrogen prevails, then in the second all elements are taken in approximately equal amounts (10-15 g).
Experienced gardeners know how to fertilize peonies in the spring, but newcomers in growing flowers will need some useful tips.
The most popular fertilizers in the spring are considered (Figure 2):
- Kemira, which can be made three times per season. The procedure for its introduction is simple: you should put a handful of fertilizer in the recess under the bush and sprinkle with earth. For each separate stage of plant development, the following types of the preparation are used: Kemira-Universal is applied in early spring before flowering, and Kemira-Kombi is used for the second feed. This drug is so easily dissolved that it is simply poured onto the surface of the earth and watered the plant.
- Baikal EM-1 is widely used among organic products. It not only nourishes the soil, but also improves its structure. In the fall, this drug must be mixed with compost, which is used as a mulching material for the winter.
- Chicken manure can also be used as a source of nutrients. For its preparation, half a liter of litter is poured with a bucket of water and infused for 2 weeks. The infusion is applied diluted with water in a 1: 3 ratio. For greater effect, the addition of a handful of wood ash is also practiced.
For foliar fertilizers apply any complex fertilizers that are dissolved in water according to the instructions. In early spring, you can also use a solution of urea (50 g per 10 liters of water) with the addition of trace elements to it a month after the first.
From the video you will learn more useful tips and practical recommendations for spring feeding.
Top dressing of peonies by yeast in the spring
Experienced gardeners also use preparations based on yeast, which provides lush flowering bushes. To prepare such a fertilizer, you need 100 g of baker's yeast, which is poured with a small amount of warm water with a glass of sugar dissolved in it and left overnight (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Features feeding yeast
Fermented solution is filtered and poured into a bucket of water. Bushes that are just starting to grow are watered with this compound.
Types of dressings
Especially strongly indicated flowers need nitrogenous compounds, but far from last place for them are such useful substances as potassium and phosphorus.
In addition, if the lush flowering of your “wards” is really important, then you should stock up on fertilizers based on magnesium, iron, boron, zinc and copper, which are also needed by plants, even in smaller doses. All these micronutrients can be supplied in two main ways: root and foliar.
Foliar fertilization is carried out in relation to many plants, but in the case of peonies, it is also obligatory because, thanks to this procedure, it is possible to observe the lush flowering of the plant in the summer season.Young and adult bushes love to take foliar nutritional compositions every month, and gardeners decide on what to feed the flowers.
For example, a plant responds well to watering from a watering can (it is advisable to install a special strainer on the spout) with a solution of ready-made mineral fertilizer (a good example of such formulations is the “Ideal” preparation), and in order to stick to the leaves more firmly, a little soap or laundry detergent (one large spoon per ten-liter bucket of water is enough).
The scheme of use of foliar fertilizers is as follows:
the first top dressing is carried out as soon as the above-ground part of the bush grows (using a urea solution in the proportion of 50 g per 10 liters of water),
the second - a few weeks after the first one, and special “fertilizing” tablets are added to the urea solution (1 per 10 l),
for the third treatment (after the bush blooms), only microfertilizers are used at the rate of 2 tablets per ten-liter bucket of water.
On a par with the use of foliar feeding, the root method of fertilizer is often used. As in the previous case, for the entire growing season, nutrient formulations should be used several times: in early spring (already in early March) good peony fertilizers will be mineral mixtures just scattered under the bush.
Together with the snowmelt waters, they will gradually be absorbed into the soil and very soon they will reach the roots, feeding the whole plant from the inside. With the arrival of summer, the gardener is expected to have two more such fertilizers, and, as in the first case, the dry mixtures just crumble under peonies, and then water well.
The effectiveness of any top dressing when caring for peonies depends not only on which particular composition is used for fertilizer, but also on the time it is applied to the soil or plants. So, it is more appropriate to use some drugs in spring, while others are suitable only for autumn processing, because at different periods of its growth and development the plant needs different micronutrients.
For the first fertilization of pions, the foliar method is usually used, immediately after the snow melt. At this time, nitrogen-potassium fertilizers per 20-30 g of the mixture per bush will be especially important for flowers.
14-21 days after using the first nutrient composition for top dressing of peony bushes (about one to two weeks before the plant blooms), a second top dressing can be performed using liquid nutrients for this purpose.
To 10 liters of real cow dung, you should add 20-25 g of potash fertilizer and twice as much phosphorus fertilizer, pouring about 2-3 liters of the prepared mixture under each bush.
Third time nutrient formulations are applied to the soil. after the plant blooms. The following solution is perfectly suitable for the role of a nutrient mixture: 10-15 g of potassium sulfate and about 30 g of superphosphate should fall to a ten-liter bucket of infused manure, and after mixing, the ready solution is poured under the shrub. The specified amount of fluid will be sufficient for 1 m² of plantings.
How to feed: options for fertilizers
We found out exactly when it is worth fertilizing peonies, it remains to figure out what you need to water the flowers for their lush and prolonged flowering. First of all, it should be noted that everything is good in moderation, therefore, both in spring and at other times, all the compositions used for fertilizing should be applied according to the recommendations given and in the correct dosages.
Otherwise, an excessive amount of, for example, nitrogen will lead to the growth of the leaf part to the detriment of flowering.
For active growth and good flowering of pions, fertilizer needs to be taken care of in the fall, providing the soil and rhizome with a sufficient amount of micronutrients.Organic compounds are perfectly suited for this purpose, since they contain the most diverse components necessary for the plant.
Usually for autumn organic dressing use compost, manure or humusby simply laying them on the ground under a bush. Gradually rotting away, all the nutrient components are dosed out of them, which eventually descend closer and closer to the root system of pions.
In addition, such organic matter also performs another important function: it does not allow the ground to freeze, since the decomposition of manure occurs with the release of heat required by plants in particularly harsh winters.
With the onset of the first steady frosts, the shoots of the plants may freeze over, after which they are cut off flush with the soil (so that the hemp is invisible). After completing this procedure, you can additionally mulch the earth using humus, compost and fallen leaves.
Such an approach to integrated nutrient supply in the autumn will help prepare the peony for lush flowering for the next year, especially if you back up the positive effect with the correct fertilizers in the spring time.
If we are talking about plants that have been on the same place for a long time without transplanting, then you can use ready-made organic fertilizer called “Baikal EM-1”, with the presence of live microorganisms in its composition.
The latter have a good effect on the soil structure and increase its fertility, but before spring dressing with the indicated preparation, it must be mixed with autumn compost and then used as mulch. The thickness of such a "fertilizer" layer should not exceed 7-10 cm.
No less popular and so-called "Folk recipes" of creating organic compounds. So, the lush flowering of your peonies is capable of providing ordinary bread, and all you need is to soak half the loaves in sweet water for the night (two tablespoons of sugar are enough for a glass of water), and in the morning drain the mixture, and pour the peonies from the ground with this solution.
Another simple recipe for organic fertilizer for these plants is based on the use of chicken manure (0.5 liters per 10 liters of water), although it must be insisted well for 14 days. In the future, the finished composition is further diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3, and for better efficiency, a handful of ash is added to it.
Mineral supplements include a wide variety of formulations that are easy to find in specialized stores today. For example, a well-known representative of this group is the drug. Kemiraused three times per season.
With the onset of spring (before flowering), a more suitable composition will be Kemira Universal, and it is also used in 7 days after the end of flowering plants. This preparation is quite simple to use: after making a small depression under the bush, a small handful of the specified composition is poured into it and powdered with soil on top.
For the second feeding as well Kemira Kombi, and this time you can not dropping it. Just pour the component packaging on the ground under the peonies and pour abundantly on top. This composition dissolves rather quickly, so it will soon arrive at the root system of the plant.
For foliar fertilizers, ready-made complex preparations (for example, the aforementioned "Ideal"), most of which must first be dissolved in water in accordance with the instructions.
Another useful composition with a whole range of trace elements is the drug "Siliplant", which is able to increase the strength of peony fabrics and optimize its own protective forces of colors.
Due to the improved immunity of the plant, the likelihood of its disease is reduced and growth is improved, due to which the effect of the drug is often compared with the effect of growth stimulants.To prepare a ready solution for treating bushes, you need to mix 2-3 ml of the preparation with 1 liter of water.
In a word, there are many options for preparations for mineral and organic supplements, but much in this matter depends on the characteristics of plant growth, the climatic region and the personal preferences of the gardener.
Hello dear readers!
Let's continue the conversation about peonies, about these romantic colors, which so excite our imagination with their unusually bright colors and enchanting aroma.
I am always looking forward to the blossoming of peonies, because when on a warm sunny day you approach a huge flowering bush, inhale this wonderful aroma, touch fragile and delicate silk petals, you realize how beautiful our life and all the troubles that happen to us are just nonsense.
In the previous article, we got acquainted with the history of pions, with their healing properties, with biological features and with a variety of varieties.
Today we will talk about how to properly grow peonies, care for them, about the secrets of lush peony blooms.
Peonies are very popular among florists, not only because of their beauty, but also because they are able to multiply easily, and can grow for a long time in one place.
And if the plant is planted correctly and in the future it is given at least a little time, then the peony for many, many years will delight us with its lush flowering.
Adding an article to a new collection
If the right to feed the peonies during the growing season (and especially in spring), in the summer they will enchant you with their incredibly lush flowering. We will tell you what drugs to use and how to do it.
Peonies can grow well for a long time and bloom profusely in one place. But for this you need to carefully care for the bushes of the plant. From the third year of development, when peonies begin to bloom, in addition to regular watering and loosening, they need additional feeding.
- First dressing carried out immediately after the snow melt. At this time, peonies need nitrogen-potassium fertilizers: 10-15 g of nitrogen and 10-20 g of potassium per bush.
- Second feeding, which accounts for the period of budding, should consist of nitrogen (10-15 g per bush), phosphorus (15-20 g) and potassium (10-15 g).
- Third time peonies feed 1-2 weeks after flowering (during budding), fertilizer should contain phosphorus (15-20 g) and potassium (10-15 g).
When applying fertilizer follow their norm. Excessive amount (especially nitrogen) contributes only to the growth of foliage, and the formation of buds at the same time is delayed.
For lush flowering, peonies are fed 3 times per season.
Mineral fertilizer Kemira
Kemira is used 3 times per season. In early spring and a week after flowering, Kemira-Universal fertilizer is used: after watering, a handful of the preparation is poured under each bush and buried in the soil. And the second dressing is carried out with Kemira-Kombi fertilizer. A small handful is poured under the bush and watered abundantly. This fertilizer dissolves quickly in water and goes to the peony roots.
In Kemir, all elements are in chelate form. This allows the plant to assimilate them without additional processing by soil microorganisms.
Organic fertilizer Baikal EM-1
This is a microbiological fertilizer prepared on the basis of EM technology. It contains live microorganisms that improve the structure of the soil and increase its fertility. The Baikal EM-1 fertilizer is added to the compost and in the fall they are mulching adult plants. At the same time the layer of mulch is 7-10 cm.
Fertilizer Baikal EM-1 is indispensable for pions, which grow for a long time at the same place without a transplant.
Site selection and soil kitchen
On how correctly we choose a place for planting peonies depends on the decorativeness of peonies, and their viability and longevity. After all, peonies are not particularly fond of transplants, and they can “live” on the same flowerbed for decades.
Therefore, the place for it must be chosen especially carefully, so as not to disturb the plant once again.
Regarding the place of planting, the peony is very capricious, and if he does not like it, then you can not wait for flowering. And how would you diligently care for him (dressing, watering, loosening) - the peony will not bloom. So as soon as possible we dig out our capricious handsome man and transfer to another place.
Best of all, it is an open, sunny place, but at the same time, protected from strong and cold winds.
Peonies do not like wet wetlands, so if, in the place where you planned to plant them, groundwater comes close to the soil surface, then it is worth planting plants on raised bulk beds.
It is not recommended to plant peonies closer than 2 m from buildings, because this creates very unfavorable conditions for their growth: in spring and autumn, high soil moisture due to droplets from the roof, and in summer overheating of plants is possible due to the fact that the walls radiate heat.
Close to trees and shrubs, peonies, too, is undesirable to plant, as the shade and the constant lack of water and nutrients will interfere with their blooming.
I told you, dear readers, about the general recommendations at the place of planting peonies, but what suggestions your plant will specifically need to be tested in practice.
For example, my neighbor in the dacha ponies grow beautifully and bloom magnificently at the very wall of the house.
Although peonies can grow on all types of garden land, they will develop differently.
For example, in the sandy soil they have more stems, leaves and buds of renewal on rhizomes, and the stems grow thin, the leaves and flowers are medium-sized.
If you have clay soil, the plants develop slowly: the number of stems does not increase so quickly and, accordingly, pions grow more slowly, but the stems grow thick, the flowers are very large and the leaves are powerful.
It is believed that loamy nutrient-rich soils, well-drained, but sufficiently moisture-absorbing soils are best suited for peonies, because such powerful plants with large leaves need water for the entire vegetative period.
Does not like a peony to grow on peat soils, due to the fact that the plant either lacks moisture, then its excess, then overheating, then hypothermia - no constancy.
In addition, the increased acidity of this soil can cause such a dangerous disease as gray mold.
Therefore, if you have such a soil, before planting it is simply necessary to add ashes, sand, bone meal, as well as organic fertilizers, thereby reducing its acidity.
Sandy soil can also be improved by adding a little clay and peat and, of course, organic fertilizer.
When to plant?
The time of planting pions largely depends on the area of cultivation, as well as what kind of planting material you have.
These can be parts of the old rhizome, obtained by dividing it (delenki), or young plants bought in nurseries.
Delenki is best planted from mid-August to mid (end) of September, since during this period the peony already has enough renewed buds on the rhizome, but the formation of small suction roots has not yet begun.
If the summer was dry, then the kidney renewal may be delayed in its development and then the landing time can be postponed for 1-2 weeks.
It is important to remember that it takes 6 weeks for a pion to root well.
Of course, if the weather is warm for a long time, then you can start planting peonies in October, but it is better not to risk it.
For plants planted in late autumn, special care is needed, since in the winter it will go unrooted. Therefore, it must be properly covered for the winter.
First, sprinkle the roots with peat or loose earth with a layer of 10-15 cm, and then cover it from above with foliage or foliage.Better, of course, spruce branches, if you have one.
In the spring, covered in this way, the late planting is sure to unravel and water thoroughly if the weather is dry.
The good rooting of such a peony and its further development will largely depend on the amount of moisture received.
In the spring, I strongly do not recommend planting and replanting peonies. Because the renewal buds of pions begin to grow very early, when the soil is not thawed out and, by that time, when it will be possible to do transplanting and dividing the bush, the sprouts can already grow to 10-15 cm.
And since they are very delicate and fragile, in the process of planting there is a high probability that the shoots will break, bend.
Transplanted, and especially divided in spring, peony bushes, as a rule, lag behind the bushes planted in autumn for a whole year, and under adverse weather conditions, the plant may die.
But in the spring it is good to plant young peonies, bought in nurseries or specialized stores, which during such planting will have time to acclimatize and grow well before winter.
Preparation of landing holes
Peonies have a pretty powerful root system, which grows deep into and in breadth, so you need to prepare a planting hole of at least 60-70 cm in diameter and 70 cm deep.
If we dig a hole not deep enough, then the peony roots, having reached solid ground, will stop their growth.
At the bottom of the landing pit do not forget to put a drainage. This may be gravel, coarse sand, or broken brick.
Then we fill the lower part of the pit with an earthen mixture, which consists of the top layer of earth, rotted manure, compost and peat, it is also good to add 150-200 g of superphosphate or 300-400 g of bone meal or ash, and if you have acidic soil, then it is not bad to pour 200-400 g of crushed hydrated lime.
Mix the mixture thoroughly and pour water. We fill the upper part of the pit with good garden soil without adding any fertilizers, and we will plant the plant in it.
I recommend to prepare a landing hole in advance, approximately one month before landing, in order for the earth to settle.
If you could not do this and prepare the pit right before planting the pions, then the soil should be slightly tamped so that it does not settle down after planting and then the planted plant may eventually end up not at the depth that is required, which will negatively affect the growth of the plant. .
Preparation of planting material
The best ones for planting are those that have 3-5 kidney renewals and the same number of roots.
For better rooting of the plant, the roots are recommended to be shortened to 10 cm.
You may ask, why should there be an equal number of buds and roots?
The fact of the matter is that if there are many buds and few roots in the delenka, then in the spring the stems that have grown out of these buds will lack nutrition. After all, until new roots were formed, the young plant receives nutrients from old roots.
If, on the contrary, there are few buds and many roots, then the plant in the first year (and next) may not develop new buds, but be content with the existing ones, which will undoubtedly affect the flowering bush.
So I advise you to pay attention to the fact that the number of kidneys and roots are the same on the delenki you are going to plant.
Before planting, carefully examine the planting material and very carefully cut all the rotten and damaged tissue to healthy parts.
Then, for disinfection, it is necessary to hold the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate (7-10 g per 10 liters of water) or copper sulfate (100 g per 10 liters of water) and sprinkle the wounds with pounded charcoal.
Rooting can also be improved with the help of such a procedure: we dip the roots in a clay mash, then lightly dry and plant.
We make the talker in this way: in 10 liters of water we dissolve 60 g of copper sulphate, 2 tablets of heteroauxin and 5 kg of clay, and you can add 500 g of wood ash.
Another advantage of this treatment is that planting material can be stored much longer, and it can also be sent by mail.
We plant correctly
Well, we have prepared a landing pit, planting material, too, so it's time to start planting.
This is a very important stage in the cultivation of pions, because the further development of our young plant, its lifespan and, of course, the pomp of flowering depend on how well we plant it.
We plant a peony in the upper part of the landing pit prepared by us, which is filled with garden soil.
Particular attention should be paid to the depth of planting: renewal buds should be at a depth of no more than 3-5 cm on loamy soils, and on light sandy loams - 5-7 cm.
And this burial of the buds must be maintained throughout the life of the bushes, and then our peonies will long please us with their abundant flowering.
And if the planting is shallow, in the spring they can suffer from late frosts, in the summer - from overheating, and in a little snowy winter - from frost. And, as a result, part of the buds may die, then we will not get a good flowering.
If we plant peonies too deeply, for example, the uppermost bud will be located at a depth of 15-20 cm, then we will never wait for the flowering bushes, although they will look completely healthy.
Having installed the planting material at the required depth, we fill it with fertile earth, but do not tamp it down so as not to accidentally damage the buds and roots, but gently squeeze it with our hands, eliminating the voids.
Then plenty of water, pour more land if necessary, and mulch planting.
Peony bushes grow quite quickly, so they should be planted at a distance of at least 90-100 cm from each other.
This will further facilitate the processing of bushes, provide good air circulation between them, which can prevent the appearance and spread of fungal diseases.
Basic Peony Care
The main care for peonies is to remove weeds, watering, loosening, feeding and protection from diseases.
Loosening. It is necessary to carefully loosen the soil around the bushes: directly at the bush to a depth of no more than 5-7 cm, and at a distance of 20-25 cm from it you can loosen already deeper - by 10-15 cm.
If we loosen regularly, a well-aerated mulch layer will soon be formed, which will prevent the evaporation of moisture from the lower soil layers.
In this regard, it will be possible to reduce the frequency of irrigation in dry weather. Loosening also helps in successful weed control.
And I also want to remind you that it is necessary to prevent the formation of a crust, for this it is necessary to loosen the soil after each rain and abundant watering.
Watering. After planting, peonies are in need of regular watering (especially if autumn is dry), since watering accelerates rooting.
In the future, they can be watered not often, but plentifully, pouring 3-4 buckets under an adult plant, about once every 8-10 days.
Peonies really need watering in spring and early summer, because during this period there is a rapid growth of bushes and flower formation, as well as in the middle of July - August, when the buds of renewal are being laid.
Watering is best in the grooves, which are made at a distance of 20-25 cm from the bush.
If the bushes are already old, strongly overgrown, then the distance to the groove must be increased so that water can flow into the zone of young active roots.
Although watering the plant in the grooves is allowed at any time of the day, it is still better in the evening, since at this time most of the water is absorbed into the soil and does not evaporate.
On very hot days, you can additionally conduct surface irrigation of the soil under the bushes of watering cans, trying not to fall on the leaves (to avoid the appearance of fungal diseases), and especially on the flowers, to prevent their lodging.
Feed up. If we have properly prepared the soil for planting peonies and sufficiently filled the planting pits with nutrients, then the first two years young bushes develop perfectly without root dressings.
In the future, pions already require regular root dressings.
First dressing it is advisable to spend more on the melting snow or immediately after its descent. At this time, the plant most needed nitrogen-potassium fertilizers: 10-15 g of nitrogen and 10-20 g of potassium per shrub.
You can also make a solution of mineral fertilizers (in 1 bucket of water dissolve 50-70 g of flower mixture) and add one bucket under the shrub.
Do not forget that it is necessary to make fertilizer for plants only after rain or abundant watering.
However, it is strongly not recommended to bring fertilizer into the dry soil (even in liquid, even in dry form), since the plant may die.
Second time it is worth feeding peonies during the budding period and we will need: 10-15 g of nitrogen, 15-20 g of phosphorus and 10-15 g of potassium per bush.
Third time we will feed the plants two weeks after flowering during the budding period.
Here we need a mixture in this composition: 15-20 g of phosphorus and 10-15 g of potassium.
Carefully follow the rate of fertilizer application, since their excessive amount (especially nitrogen) can lead to the fact that only the leaves will grow well, and the formation of buds will decrease.
It also reduces the resistance of plants to disease.
And still peonies are very well fed with a solution of mullein or bird droppings with mineral fertilizers added to it.
This nutrient solution can be prepared as follows: 1 bucket of fresh cow manure is placed in a barrel in 5-6 buckets of water (bird droppings in 25 buckets) and placed in a sunny place for 10-15 days to ferment.
After fermentation, add 0.5 kg of wood ash to the barrel, 200-300 g of superphosphate and mix well.
Before feeding, this nutrient solution must be diluted 2 times with water, and the solution with bird droppings - 3 times.
Helping to bloom
In the first year after planting (and better in the second), you should not allow peony to bloom, as it will weaken the plant and prevent the root system from fully developing.
Therefore, the buds formed at this time should be removed so that all nutrients are directed to the general development of the plant, and not to flowering.
So prepare yourself morally for the fact that the first flowers on the newly planted peony you will see only in the third year, and the real full bloom with the characteristic sizes and color of the flowers will be only in the fifth year.
If you want to get large upper flowers, then side buds must be removed when they reach the size of a pea.
If you prefer the abundance of flowers on the bush and its long flowering, then you should not remove the side buds.
Faded peonies should be immediately removed from the stem, cutting them to the first well-developed leaf and leaving a very small stump.
Otherwise, falling petals, hitting the leaves, can cause gray mold disease, especially in rainy weather.
During the flowering period, the bushes of peonies with large heavy flowers need supports, because, even with powerful stems, they inevitably begin to lean toward the ground.
And with strong winds and precipitation, flowers, bending almost to the ground, become polluted and lose their decorative effect.
Support is best to put before flowering.
Preparing for the winter
In winter, the entire above-ground part of the plant is cut to the ground level. But we do it only after the first strong frosts, when the stalks of peonies will fall down.
Up to this point, the outflow of nutrients from the leaves and stems to the storage roots is still going on.
Therefore, early pruning will cause great harm to the plant.
Some growers explain the early cutting of the stems by the fact that the leaves have dried, but the leaves dry up only in sick plants, and if it is healthy, the leaves remain fresh and beautiful until the frost.
After we cut off the above-ground part, you should pay attention to the fact that the buds are not bare at the base of the shoots.
If this happens, you need to spud the bushes by 7-10 cm.
Usually peonies are not covered for winter. The only exception is newly planted plants; they are recommended to be covered with peat or humus with a layer of 10-15 cm. In early spring, before the emergence of shoots, this covering layer is removed.
Sometimes peonies do not bloom well, and sometimes they do not bloom at all, although it would seem that the bushes look healthy.
What mistakes did we make when growing pions?
And they can be as follows:
1. The site for planting is not chosen correctly - too shady, close to buildings, trees and shrubs, not wet or, conversely, too wet (there is no drainage).
2. Planting is too deep or too shallow.
3. A peony was planted recently and the planting material was divided very finely.
4. Peony bush is already old and requires transplantation and division.
5. Kidneys were damaged by late spring frosts.
6. Increased acidity of the soil.
7. Excess amount of nitrogen fertilizers.
8. The lack of nutrition and moisture in the period when the formation of kidney renewal.
9. Very early the leaves were cut in the fall (before lodging).
As you can see, dear readers, it is not so difficult to care for peonies: to water in time, to weed, to loosen the soil and to feed.
And they, in turn, will give us a lot of pleasure during the period of their flowering, and not only to us, but to all those who pass by our gardens, will also enjoy this fantastic beauty.