Rogned Pear is an early autumn variety with high rates of winter hardiness, which is widely known among gardeners. It is highly appreciated for the juicy sweet fruits that have the aroma characteristic of the southern varieties. And due to its frost resistance, the tree adapts well to adverse climatic conditions.
Description and Distinctive Features of Rogned's Pear
Rogned pear - skoroplodny grade of domestic selection
Rogneda is the result of the crossing of pears Forest Beauty and Tyoma. In 1997, the testing of the variety was started, and in 2001 the culture was entered into the State Register and recommended for cultivation in the middle lane. Rogneda received the most widespread use in the Kaluga and Moscow regions.
Special features for this variety are as follows:
- The pear is medium with a small crown of oval or pyramidal shape. It grows up to 4 m.
- The buds awaken well, but growth branches develop slowly. Fruiting is concentrated on kolchatka.
- Shoots slightly curved, covered with green-brown bark. Lentils of small size, have an elongated shape. Buds are short, take the form of a cone.
- The leaves have a dark green color, the edges are framed with denticles. The shape of the plates is obovate, the size is medium. Stipules small.
- The fruits are round, their weight is 100-140 g. The skin is thin, has a smooth glossy surface. Ripe pears acquire a light yellow color. On some fruits, a red blush is formed as a result of exposure to sunlight. The surface of pears is covered with hypodermic points.
- The stem is short and thick. The funnel is small, the cup is ajar.
- The flesh is quite juicy with moderate density, has a slightly oily structure, is colored in a beige-white color. The taste of pears is sweet, the acid is almost not felt, the assessment of taste characteristics reaches 4.2 points out of 5.
A special feature of Rogneda is the nutmeg aroma, which resembles the smell of southern pears. The first fruits ripen for 3-4 year. Winter hardiness of a grade allows to receive a good harvest (50–100 kg) even in the territory of Siberia. The tree bears fruit for 15–20 years.
Key features of planting a tree (with photo)
For the landing of Rogneda, it is advisable to plant a number of pollinating trees
Rogneda can self-pollinate, but this ability depends on the height of the flower stamens and their tendency to self-pollination. In some cases, there is sterility of pollen, and therefore the pear is recommended to pollinate additionally. For this purpose, suitable memory variety Anzin, Milada, Vidnaya and Chizhovskaya.
Site selection requirements are as follows:
- A tree is planted in solar ventilated areas.
- Rogneda prefers a loose, breathable substrate with a pH of 5.6–6. Therefore, for planting, it is recommended to choose sandy or loamy soils, but it is allowed to use clayey soil.
- The level of groundwater in the area should not rise above 2-2.5 m. It is undesirable to use lowlands for planting. In such places, groundwater is too close to the surface.
Important! In order for the pear to get enough sunlight, it should be planted at a distance of 3 m from the buildings and 5 m from other trees.
Landing take place in the spring at the end of April or the first decade of May, and also in the fall at the beginning of October.. The latter option is more preferable for the southern regions.
In plants planted in autumn, the formation of roots is more intense. In addition, moisture accumulated by this time in the soil contributes to the good survival of the tree and accelerates its development.
However, these seedlings are harder to protect from pests and strong winds, which can lead to drying of the plant.
The further success of tree cultivation depends on the choice of seedling.
When choosing a seedling, you need to carefully inspect the stem, root system and shoots. The criteria by which suitable planting materials are determined are as follows:
- There should be no damage, cracks or growths on the surface of the pear.
- The thickness of the trunk of a healthy tree is at least 1.5 cm.
- Shtamb should be smooth.
- Two-year-old seedlings have three or four side branches 30–40 cm long, one-year-old plants can be without branching.
- A healthy root system consists of three to five roots of at least 25 cm in size.
Important! It is rather difficult to estimate the roots of a plant in a container, therefore it is recommended to purchase a pear in certified nurseries.
Pear planted in loam or sandy soil
The process of planting Rogned pear looks like this:
- First, dig a hole and fill it with a fertile composition in advance. During the autumn planting, this is done in 3-4 weeks, and during spring - in the autumn period. The soil is prone to subsidence and if the plant is placed in a freshly dug hole, it will be drawn too deep into the ground. Therefore, preparation is done in advance.
- A pear with a depth of 80 cm and a diameter of 100-120 cm is required for the pear. The topsoil is mixed with two buckets of humus and 150 g of potassium sulfate or 800 g of ash. 0.5 kg of hydrated lime per 1 m2 is previously added to the soil with high acidity, it is distributed evenly over the surface, then buried by 20 cm. When a pear is planted in a sandy soil, three buckets of peat are brought into the pit, and when using clay soil, two buckets of sand are used.
- If the plant has dry roots, they need to be cut, then immerse the root system for 6–8 hours in water.
- Before planting, the seedling is treated with clay mash. For its preparation, 0.1 g of the drug Heteroauxin is diluted in 10 liters of water. After that, clay and peat are added in equal parts, bringing the composition to a creamy consistency. In this mixture, the root system is dipped pears.
- In the pit of the nutrient substrate form a mound. 20–30 cm recede from the middle and drive in a peg.
- A sapling is set on a mound, the roots are tied down and covered with soil, the root collar is placed 5 cm above the ground.
- A hole is dug around 35–40 cm in diameter and 10 cm deep around the trunk; 2–3 buckets of water are poured into it.
- The soil is mulched with humus or peat. Sapling with the help of twine is fixed to the peg.
The “Rogned” variety pear is a medium-length tree with a rounded-oval or broad-pyramidal sparse crown. Kidney wakefulness rates are high. The variety is characterized by a fairly weak pobegoobrazovatelnoy ability.
Cranked shoots, with a slight curvature, green-brown color with a dark purple hue. Small lentils, elongated. The kidneys have a short cone-shaped, semi-adherent type. The foliage is medium in size, obovoid, with severe serrate serration along the edge.
The fruits have a very attractive round or flat-round shape. The average weight of the marketable fruit reaches 115-125 g. The surface color of fruits at the stage of technical ripeness is smooth, light yellow, smooth and glossy. Cover coat of medium thickness and medium density. The stem is short and rather strong, thick.
The pulp of the ripe fruit is whitish-beige in color, with medium density, juicy, with a slight lubricity. Tastes of fully matured fruits are excellent and are estimated at least 4.2 points in the tasting process.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety of Rogned pear belongs to very popular varieties in central Russia. Under the conditions of the near Moscow region, the fruits fully ripen in the second or third decade of August.However, it should be remembered about the need to carry out short dosing of the harvested crop. The main period of consumption of fruits falls on the last decade of August and the first decade of September. In the refrigerator conditions, the fruits retain their marketable appearance and taste qualities for no more than two months.
The advantages of varieties include skoroplodnost. The grafted annual saplings of pears begin fruiting in the third or fourth year after planting. Fruiting is plentiful, but is characterized by a sharp periodicity. The average yield of a variety is about 50 kg from each adult tree.
The main advantages of the variety include high winter hardiness, excellent yield and complex resistance to diseases. Also highly valued variety for the precociousness and good consumer qualities of ripened fruits. However, cultivation should take into account such shortcomings of the variety as the frequency of fruiting, as well as the tendency of the fruit to fall to the stage of full maturation.
Rules for watering and loosening the soil
Watering pears is a mandatory step in tree care.
With a deficit of moisture, the roots of the tree cannot fully absorb nutrients, which negatively affects the fruiting and slows down the development of the plant.. Therefore, watering refers to the mandatory stages of care.
Water is fed into special grooves with a depth of 15 cm, which are dug out from the crown projection. After the procedure, the wells are covered with earth. Pistol area is loosened, weeds are removed, and then mulched.
Recommendations for growing
The pear of the Rogneda variety, popular with the gardeners of our country, needs to be planted in well-lit areas. Otherwise, a decrease in sugar content, as well as a decrease in total yield. When growing, observe the following guidelines:
- at risk of flooding fruit trees, it is advisable to arrange drainage or plant pear seedlings on the hill. Standard indicators of groundwater level should be no closer than 2-2.5 m to the surface,
- indicators of soil acidity at the site should be at a pH of 5.6-6,
- when planting fruit seedlings, you should carefully consider the depth of the plants, the root neck should be located about 5-7 cm above the ground level,
- The standard feeding area of a single adult plant on a strong-growing stock is at least 25 square meters. m. When planting a sapling on a low-growing stock should focus on an area of 10-12 square meters. m,
- fruit seedlings with an open root system need to remove 90% of the leaves. Cutting roots significantly complicates the adaptation and rooting of the plant,
- the root system of pear seedlings must be gently spread over the entire surface of the planting pit,
- when planting branches of seedlings should be cut by a third, which will help the plant as quickly as possible to lay a productive crown.
Further care of fruit plantations consists in watering, which is carried out four times a month at the rate of 10 liters of water for each adult plant. Annual thinning of an adult tree increases yields and helps prevent the occurrence of disease or pest damage.
Organic or complex fertilizers should be used for fertilizing in proportionset by the manufacturer for fruit trees. Pristvolnye circles should be mulched, which will protect the root system of fruit plantations in the winter. Compliance with the technology of cultivation has a positive effect not only on the stability and quantity of the crop, but also allows you to get fruits with excellent taste.
Top dressing is necessary for a tree for formation of a large harvest.
The formation of the crop is influenced not only by watering, but also fertilizer. Timely top dressing will allow the tree to form a high-quality crop, as well as protect against diseases.But it is necessary to adhere to a certain scheme in order not to harm the culture.
The history of breeding varieties of pears "Rogned"
The Rogned pear variety is the fruit of the work of Russian breeders. For breeding new varieties resistant to frost and disease, scientists used two parent varieties: "Theme" and "Forest Beauty". "Theme" often acts as a basis for creating improved varieties and itself has high growing characteristics, such as resistance to drought and excess moisture, fungal lesions of foliage and fruits, as well as winter hardiness.
The grade "Forest beauty" - the Belgian grade of pears possessing high flavoring indicators, unpretentiousness in leaving and a plentiful harvest. By combining the best qualities of the two varieties, in the pearl of “Rogned”, the breeders derived an option that does not have any particular drawbacks. He was even picked up the appropriate name - "Rogneda", which in the Slavic version means "born to reign."
Characteristic pear varieties "Rogneda"
The variety is capable of partial self-pollination, but it all depends on the location of the stamens. Therefore, to be sure of fruiting, it is best to take care of pollinators. For the Rogned pear, the best pollinators are Vidnaya, In Memory of Anzin, Chizhovskaya, Milad. Only all pollinating trees should be equally winter-hardy and have the same flowering time.
The “Rogneda” pear variety has a rather extensive description, but first of all it should be noted that it is medium-growth, because the height of an adult tree reaches no more than ten meters. The tree is not branched, the shoots are slightly curved and have a brownish color. The krone is dense, compact, pyramidal shape. The foliage is green, and the egg-shaped leaf plates with teeth on the edges are located on long petioles. There are many buds, they wake up amicably, and flowers are able to successfully endure temperature drops.
Pros and cons varieties
The main advantage of Rogned pear is yield indicators. On average, one developed tree can collect up to 50 kg of fruit. Pear tolerates sudden changes in temperature, in particular, and their decline. The variety is resistant to major diseases and pests of fruit trees, such as scab. Gardeners rated the variety “Rogned” for early maturity, resistance to dry periods, as well as the taste of fruit. The advantage of Rogned pear is the ability for long-term storage and ease of transportation. The tree begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting. Often the fruits are consumed fresh, but they are good in winter harvesting.
The disadvantages include the periodicity of fruiting and the tendency to crumble when fully ripe, so the harvest of pears is carried out at the stage of its light ripeness.
Choosing a place for landing
Pear “Rogneda”, if you follow the rules of planting and care, will respond with a rich, tasty and healthy harvest. Choose a lighted spot for a pear, otherwise the fruit will be sour; in the shade the pear will yield a small crop. Avoid close passage of groundwater, and in lowland areas the soil should have good drainage. The acidity of the soil should correspond to the pH level of 5.6-6.
Stepwise landing process
The hole for the seedling should be about 80 cm in size, and the distance between the seedlings should be up to one and a half meters. The best material for planting is two-three-year-old seedlings, with strong and flexible root processes, without visible damage.
The soil of the plot is mixed with humus and sand in two buckets, then add 800 grams of wood ash. Before direct planting, the roots of the seedling are dipped in a stimulating solution. Then, pour the part of the prepared soil over the wells, place the seedling, straighten its roots, cover it with the remaining soil and crush it, slightly pressing it. The root neck of the seedling should be 5 cm above the soil surface. After planting, the young plant is tied to a peg and watered abundantly, then covered with a trunk circle with mulch.
How to protect a pear from pests and diseases
Even the most resistant to disease and pest culture needs prevention, and sometimes more serious protective measures. Protection of Rogned pear from pests is most often carried out by spraying it with chemicals, although in some cases folk remedies help: marigold infusion or garlic, tomato tops. Fungicides, prophylactic treatments in early spring before kidney swelling or repeated spraying with a disease lesion will protect the pear from diseases.
When and how to feed
Fertilizers pear "Rogned" made under the root. Organic fertilizers or complex mineral compositions for fruit trees are excellent for the role of such dressings. Feed the plant during the active growing season, during flowering, as well as the formation of fruits. After dressing, the soil around the plant is mulched.
When and how to do pruning
Pruning of the Rogned pear is held every year, the crown is thinned out and only strong shoots remain. Be sure to clean weak and damaged branches, dry or broken shoots. Thinning crown increases the quality of fruiting and reduces the risk of disease.
Growing Rogned pear in the middle lane is very important. The variety is winter-hardy, has immunity, both to diseases and natural disasters: drought or sudden changes in temperature. To low temperatures are resistant and the color of the pear, which is the most important condition for fruit bearing crops.
Rogned Pear Description
The early autumn variety Rogneda pear was bred by the breeders of the Moscow Agricultural Academy. K.A. Timiryazeva. Widely distributed in central Russia.
The trees are sredneroslye (about 4 m), have a rather rare round-oval or wide pyramidal crown. A characteristic feature of the variety is a weak seed-forming ability. Slightly curved crank shoots are colored green-brown with a purple tint. The leaves are of medium size, dark green, strongly serrated along the edge.
The buds have the appearance of a short curved cone. Blossoms in average terms, and the flowers are very resistant to temperature changes.
Ovaries are formed on young kolchatka. Fruits of medium size (115–140 g) have a very attractive appearance: round shape, smooth, glossy skin of even light yellow color, of medium thickness and density. The stem is thick and short, rather strong.
The pulp of the ripe fruit has a beige color, juicy and not too dense, slightly oily. The taste is sweet with a distinct nutmeg aroma.
Planting rules seedling
For planting, choose a one- or two-year-old sapling with intact bark, buds and roots. Be sure to ask what tree grafted on the rootstock, as the area it needs in the garden depends on it.
For example, a pear on a tall stock in the southern regions is planted according to the pattern of 8x6 m, in the northeastern regions - 6x4 m.
Productivity also depends on the stock - a tree on a low-growing stock turns out to be small and will not give much fruit.
Planting can be made in the fall (September - early October), and in the spring (end of April - beginning of May). The second option is preferable in cold regions with early autumn frosts.
The pit, in any case, is prepared in the autumn, at least 12–14 days before planting.
- Pit sizes for pear: about 1 m deep and 0.7–0.8 m wide.
- The bottom of the pit is loosened to a depth of 15–20 cm.
- If the soil is sandy, clay is laid on the bottom with a layer of 15 cm. If clay is 1.5–2 buckets of sand.
- Drive a 1.5-meter peg into the pit bottom at a distance of 20–30 cm from the center.
- Cover a layer of fertile soil removed from above, mixed with 2–2.5 buckets of rotted manure, superphosphate, potassium sulfate (120–150 g) or wood ash (700–800 g)
- Cut the tips of the roots of the seedling and shorten the branches by 1/3 of the length.Dip the roots in a soil talker, in which you can add heteroauxin (0.1 g per 10 liters of water).
- Put the seedling on the previously poured nutrient mixture and straighten the roots.
- To fill up the roots with soil, watching for the uniform filling of all the gaps between the roots (for this, the seedling is shaken slightly). It is necessary that the root collar remains 5–7 cm above the soil surface.
- Carefully tamp the soil with your foot, trying not to damage the bark of the trunk.
- Attach the tree to the stake with a string.
- Form an irrigation hole with a diameter of about 70 cm and pour 2-3 buckets of water. Mulch pristvolny circle with a layer of humus.
- After complete precipitation of the soil, finally tie the seedling to the support peg.
Rogned pear does not require a large amount of watering. The usual rate is 4–5 humidification per season, which is best done in the morning or evening. Young trees are watered more often - about once a week for 1 bucket of water. It is especially important to provide the tree with moisture during fruiting, during this period the buds of the next crop are laid.
The amount of moisture should be adjusted according to weather conditions - in a dry year, watering is carried out until October, and at normal humidity, it is stopped at the end of August.
The most good results are given by sprinkling irrigation.
It should not be watered under the trunk, because the bulk of the suction roots are located on the periphery of the barrel. There and should be laid furrows. At the end it is necessary to break through the soil. This will provide the root system with normal air circulation.
Watering by sprinkling is very suitable for pears.
The well-being of a tree directly depends on the state of the soil in the near-trunk circle and between the rows. It is desirable that under the crown of the tree it was loose, because it is better preserved moisture.
In addition, loosening or digging in the autumn destroys pests that live or hibernate in the soil.
When digging, care must be taken not to damage the roots. It is possible to loosen the soil near the trunk to a depth of 8–10 cm, and closer to the periphery of the trunk circle, 15–20 cm. Work is best done with forks.
Pruning is necessary not only to remove diseased branches, but also to facilitate tree care and fruiting control. The event should be carried out when the plant is at rest (in autumn, after leaf fall, and in early spring). Remember that you can not cut more than ¼ of the total volume of the branches! After over-pruning, the tree becomes heavily thickened, and its yield drops.
In the middle lane of the pear it is necessary to cut very little so as not to weaken the trees and not delay their entry into fruiting.
Apple tree and pear. M .: Rosselkhozizdat, 1981
Ease of care depends on the shape and height of the crown. For fruit trees in the middle lane, a sparse-tier system is usually used, which combines whorled and single branches.
- Mutovka should consist of no more than 2-3 branches, developing from neighboring buds.
- The next tier is laid from a single branch at a distance of 40–45 cm, or from two (distance 45–70 cm), or from three (75–100 cm).
- You can have tiers and branches arbitrarily, at their discretion.
- The last side branch must be single and the center conductor is removed above it. Sparse-tiered crown can be formed in various ways. The placement of the branches: 1) 8–2-1–1, 2) 8–1-1–1, 3) 2–2-1–1, 4) 2–1-1–1
In the harsh climate of the northern regions can also grow large-fruited pear. In this case, the tree is formed by creeping, located close to the soil layer, where in winter the natural protection is provided by snow cover.
The most common are the creeping forms of fruit trees:
- Krasnoyarsk (two shoulders).
Minusinsk polustlanets is formed by landing a one-year-old at a 45 ° angle. The tree is grown in an inclined position, usually up to a height of 1.5 m. For the winter, the branches are folded over and covered with soil, plant residues and snow.
The arctic shape is good for use in areas with heavy snow cover. The stem height is 20–30 cm, with the crown placed 30–60 cm from the soil surface, higher growth of the branches is not allowed. Uterine branches depart from the trunk at right angles in all directions.
How to speed up fruiting
For various reasons, the entry of pears into fruiting may be delayed. There are several ways to accelerate the onset of this process. One of them is bending the branches of a tree.
It has long been known that in the first place the fruits are tied on horizontal branches. If artificially giving the branch a horizontal position, its growth slows down and fruit wood begins to form.
To bend down the annual shoots, you can use struts, even clothespins, which are attached to the trunk above the base of the deflected shoot. The branches of large trees are pulled off with the help of weights or twine attached to pegs hammered into the ground.
Even to speed up the entry into the fruiting of strongly growing young trees they use ringing and kerbing. Banding consists in removing the narrow ring of the bark from a branch or trunk. You can cut the bark not with one continuous ring, but with two half rings (one above the other). Bark should be removed to the wood. It is produced in 25-30 days after bud blooming.
Kerbovka is designed to enhance the development of some and weaken other buds or branches with the help of cuts, which are in the form:
A roof-shaped incision is made above the sleeping buds in the lower part of the tree, and the semilunar and straight - usually in the upper part.
The cutting of the part of the vessels conducting water and nutrients enhances their entry into those branches and buds over which the incision is made.
An incision can not be made closer than 2 mm from the kidney. Instead of an incision, it is possible to make a notch, that is, not to remove a strip of bark, but simply to push the fabrics apart.
Any garden plant requires additional nutrition with nutrients that must be applied in the form of organic and mineral fertilizers.
Organic fertilizer can serve as rotten manure, bird droppings, humus. You can use compost, which is easy to prepare yourself from a variety of fruit, vegetable and grassy waste.
Waste is laid in boxes or pits, sandwiching earth and watering slurry. After 3-4 months, the waste is transformed into high-quality organic fertilizer - compost.
Easy to prepare compost
Mineral fertilizers should primarily include nitrogen and phosphorus compounds, which are responsible for the development of the tree, the time of ripening and the quality of the fruit.
Potassium plays an important role in the life of a plant; it helps the pear to assimilate nitrogen, and with an excess of the latter it reduces its harmful effects. It also accelerates the pace of development, improves cold and drought resistance.
When potassium deficiency leaves become yellow-green, bent, then the edge of the leaf turns red and dies. A lack of potassium entails underdevelopment of fruits and their slow ripening. An excess is also harmful - the susceptibility of fruits increases by fungal diseases, bitter pitting and browning of the core. Therefore, it is important to observe the norms of fertilizer application.
Annual fertilizer rates:
- ammonium nitrate - 100–150 g per 1 tree,
- simple superphosphate - 150-220 g.
The rates of fertilizers should be clarified in the special literature, depending on the type of soil. The annual dose of nitrogen is usually divided into 2-3 servings and contribute 1/3 in the spring, and the rest in the summer (before the cold, nitrogen introduction is not recommended).
It should be borne in mind that potassium, like nitrogen, is easily washed out of the soil.Fertilizer is usually applied in the form of potassium chloride or other salts (the annual rate is 50–100 g per 1 tree).
Unfortunately, these salts contain chlorine dangerous for plants, therefore it is better to replace purchased potash fertilizers with ordinary ash, which is applied at a rate of 150–200 g / m 2.
Part of the nutrients it is desirable to make in the form of foliar dressings. Good results are obtained by spraying the pear with a urea solution: in the spring a solution with a concentration of 0.1–0.2% is used, in the summer and autumn - 0.3%. The frost resistance of wood can be slightly increased by spraying potassium sulfate (20 g per 1 l of water) or simple superphosphate (30–50 g / l) in August – early September.
Diseases and pests
Rogned pear trees are notable for their increased resistance to many diseases, in particular to scab. However, pests can cause significant damage to the crop.
Do not start treatment with toxic chemicals until you monitor the trees!
Pest monitoring is usually confined to certain phenophases of trees and must be carried out 1–2 days before the intended spraying and 2–3 days later to determine its effectiveness.
Kolesova D.A., Chmyr P.G.
Journal Protection and quarantine of plants. №6, 2005
A preliminary inspection allows you to:
- approximately determine the degree of infection and the type of pests
- select the required volumes and schedule the processing time.
It is necessary to examine the shtamb and large branches (1.5–2 m long) located on different sides of the tree.
The main enemies of the Rogned variety are:
- gall mite,
- pear sucker,
- pear tree eater
Despite Rogneda’s resistance to scab and monoliosis, as a preventive measure, it is desirable to treat the trees by spraying them with a solution of urea (500–600 g per 10 l of water) during the foliage period.
Rogned variety pear description
This is an early-autumn variety of Russian selection, bred by crossing Tyoma and Forest Beauty. As a result, Rogneda became the owner of the best qualities with which the "parents" are endowed.
Rogneda is a rather young variety. In 1997, he entered the state test, in 2001 he was included in the State Register for the Central Region of Russia. To date, Rogned has established itself as the best grade among pears in central Russia.
The tree grows to a height of four meters or slightly higher. Having an average height, Rogneda has a compact, not heavily leafy crown, which is rather sparse due to poor shoot formation. The shape is usually rounded or oval. The bark of the trunk and skeletal branches is smooth to the touch and has a gray-brown color. Fruiting is mixed, but most of the crop appears on young rings.
The lamina is medium-sized and ovoid, with jagged edges. The color is juicy green. Stalk moderate thickness.
Rogneda has average flowering times. At the same time, the spring temperature drops are well tolerated by the flowers.
From the time of planting Rogneda before the onset of fruiting, it takes only 3-4 years.
The fruits have a rounded shape. The weight of a small - 120 g. Pears are covered with a smooth and shiny skin, dense, but not very thick. The color is light yellow, at the time of technical ripeness the fruit from one side is covered with a fuzzy red blush. There are multiple dark green subcutaneous spots. The flesh is light-grained, light beige, juicy and slightly oily.
The visual attractiveness of the fruit and its tasting score gain 4.2 points. The taste of the flesh is pleasant and sweet, the sourness is almost not felt. It has a wonderful aroma of nutmeg.
The chemical composition of the fruit:
- dry substances - 13.7%,
- the amount of sugars - 7.5%
- the amount of acid is 0.15%.
The distinctive features of the Rogned pear are high budding of the kidneys - it reaches 70%, and low - up to 10% - development of growth shoots.
The variety is not picky about the composition of the soil, but it is worth remembering that heavy clay soil and sandstones are not the best choice.Chernozem and gray loamy soil pears love more.
The acidity of the soil should be neutral - pH 6.0. But acidic soil is not a sentence. Using dolomite flour or hydrated lime is the best way to solve this problem. Make them under the digging should be 500-600 g per 1 m 2.
Land for landing Rognedy choose sunny, but not hot. The sun can greatly harm young trees. You can stop at the southern or southeastern part of the garden. The main thing is that in winter the pear should be covered from the prevailing winds by building or fence. But at the same time the site should be well ventilated.
Avoid flooded areas - the Rogneda root system is sensitive to overmoistening.
Selection of seedlings
Good adaptability of saplings and further yield depend on the correct choice of planting material. Easy to take root trees from 1 year to 3 years. Inspect the plant:
- the crust to the touch should be supple and smooth, without any damage,
- the root system is non-pereushennoy, without blisters, rotten areas and growths. The presence of three well developed roots, covered with thin, mesh-like additional roots, is a prerequisite for good survival,
- pear should have from 3 to 5 thirty centimeter sprigs. Plant height - from 1 m to 1.5 m. The top is woody.
When transporting, the roots should be wrapped in a damp cloth to avoid drying.
To be sure of the quality of planting material, it must be purchased in specialized nurseries.
You can plant a pear in spring or autumn. Everything depends on the climatic conditions of the region and the degree of readiness of the landing pit.
- Autumn planting is done in late September - early October, when the foliage falls and sap flow slows down. If there are warm days, they will contribute to a better adaptation of the root system.
- In the spring you need to have time to plant a pear before the start of sap flow - around mid-April. Spring planting provides more guarantees for the survival of the seedling. During the growing season, the young pear has time to get stronger and gain strength for the upcoming winter.
In the southern regions, gardeners prefer to plant a pear in the fall. And in places where the number of warm days in the fall is limited, it is better to resort to spring planting.
The landing pit is prepared in advance: for the autumn planting - in 3-4 weeks, and for the spring - in October, so that the soil is well compacted and the seedling does not subside. Digging a hole, you should consider the size of the root system of the plant. The usual pit width is 1 m, depth - 70 cm.
- When preparing the pit, remove the layer of fertile soil to the side. Then mix it with 30 kg of compost or manure, 80 g of ammonium nitrate and 150 g of potassium sulphite.
- Departing from the center of the pit 30 cm, install a stake that will support the pear and protect it from sunburn. The pit for the pear is prepared in advance.
- Put the prepared soil mixture on the bottom of the pit in the form of a cone.
- Roots the pear roots gently along the edges of the slide and fill the remaining soil mixture.
- The root neck should be 5-7 cm above the landing level.
- The soil around the pear must be carefully tamped. The tree should sit firmly in the ground.
- After planting, remove the seedling up to 90% of the leaves to reduce moisture loss. Tie it to the support. Pear roots need to gently straighten to avoid wrinkles
- At a distance of 3–40 cm from the ground, build a watering circle around the tree and pour 2–3 buckets of water into it.
- After the moisture is completely absorbed, zamulchuyte pristvolny circle with peat or dried grass.
If the pear has a bare root system, before planting, dip it in a solution of clay, mullein and water for 2–3 hours.
Although Rogneda is a self-fertile variety, it is still worth having 2-3 pollinators nearby. They will help to significantly increase the yield and improve the quality of the fruit.For Rogneda, the most preferred varieties are Chizhovskaya, Anzin’s Memory and Prominent.
Like any fruit tree, Rogneda pear needs constant and competent care. But she does not make any special demands. Caring for her is no different from caring for other inhabitants of the orchard.
Competently carried out pruning helps to regulate the yield, allows to increase the size of fruits and their sugar content, serves as a guarantee of the healthy development of the tree.
It is important to correctly form the crown of the future tree. This occurs in stages in the first 4 years after planting.
- The one-year-old sapling is shortened by 1/4 of the height so that it starts laying the future branches.
- For two-year-olds, the central conductor and 3 or 4 strong branches are selected, which will become the basis of the first tier. The remaining branches are cut into a ring, the wounds are covered with garden pitch. The branches, which are to become the basis of the first tier, are cut by a third, and the center conductor is shortened so that it is 20 cm higher than the lateral branches.
- In the third spring the second tier of the tree is formed. To do this, at a height of 50 - 70 cm from the lower tier, 2 strong branches are selected and aligned along the length. The branches growing between the first and second tiers are shortened considerably, and competing ones are cut off. The center conductor is cut by 10 - 20 cm.
- In the fourth year, another central branch is being laid. It should be 40 cm above the last tier. Branches competitors are removed completely, and those that are between tiers, greatly shortened. After a couple of years, the upper branch will occupy a perpendicular position relative to the tiers and the center conductor above it will be removed.
Formative pruning is carried out in the spring, in April, until sap flow begins. The temperature at the time of the procedure should not fall below 8 ° C.
In the future, sanitary pruning should be carried out, removing broken or sore branches, thinning pruning, which helps the tree to get more light and air, and contributes to better disease resistance.
Mature trees need a rejuvenating pruning, which heals the tree, increases productivity.
Video: rules for trimming young pears
Rogned pear can endure short periods of drought. But watering is a vital procedure, especially for a young tree.
A good owner will definitely spend 4-5 irrigations per month. Under the pear at a time, you need to pour 2 buckets of water, dividing this amount into two steps - morning and evening. You can traditionally drink wood with moisture, it is also permitted to apply sprinkling, which is even preferable for pears. With this method, moisture is absorbed evenly into the ground, without washing it out and not exposing small roots.
Main irrigation, which is not recommended to skip:
- Before flowering.
- During the fruiting period (July-August). At this time there is a bookmark of the kidneys for the next year. Insufficient watering will result in a reduction in future harvest.
- After harvesting. If the end of summer and the beginning of autumn have passed without rain, then before the upcoming winter the root system should drink plenty.
When conducting irrigation be sure to consider the amount of precipitation. If the summer is rainy, then watering can be slightly reduced, so that additional moisture does not turn the land into a swamp. Also consider the groundwater level.
Loosening and mulching
After rain or watering, the ground in the wheel should be loosened. This will prevent the formation of earth crust and moisture loss. After loosening, the soil should be covered with a layer of mulch, which will protect it from evaporation of moisture and will act as an obstacle to the rapid growth of weeds.
In the first post-planting year, provided that all the necessary nutrients are introduced into the planting pit, Rogned's pear is not fertilized.
In the future, fertilizers are applied taking into account the quality of the soil. On rich fertile lands, fertilizing is rarely done.A pear growing on scanty sandy lands needs nutrients to be added annually.
What hereditary features of "Rogneda" regarded GPRylov as advantages?
First of all:
- frost resistance and invulnerability to frost,
- complex resistance to the main types of diseases Rosaceae,
- early dates of fruiting (for the 3rd year),
- original taste with notes of muscat,
- high yield (50 kg from a tree),
- commodity attractiveness and good keeping quality of fruits (up to 2 months at low temperature),
- low demands on the agricultural background,
- breeding prospects.
From the European parent "Rogned" inherited shedding fruit when ripe. And in the process of sorting tests revealed another inherited quality: fruiting irregularity.
Pedigree of the new hybrid
The variety of Rogned pear, the description and photo of which will be lower, was created by crossing the existing varieties in several stages by pollination. The first, at the beginning of the 20th century, appeared in the Khabarovsk arctic nursery early autumn pear variety - “Tyoma”.
He secured a climatic endurance Ussuri pear and Baltic hybrid of national selection - "Finnish yellow". Along with it, 3 more child forms with similar characteristics were fixed: "Fields", "Olga" and "Lida".
All new hybrids had the original (apple-like) roundness of fruitafter which the whole assortment of pears traditionally began to be divided into two groups (in the form of fruits):
- round ("lukashovki" - by the name of the breeder),
- blew (Old Russian name of pears, borrowed from the spoken Polish language).
So, one of Rogneda’s parents became proven over the years.Lukashov" - "Theme".
He handed over to the new hybrid:
- fruit shape
- the ability to grow and bear fruit in the northern regions of the European part of the country, Siberia and the Far East. In the Amur region it grows in the form of a stanza, which is very convenient during a snowy long winter,
- extended shelf life
- high marketability of fruits
- ability to develop during the flowering period of self-fertility (as an option).
The second parent of Rogneda was I.V. Michurin’s favorite breeding material - a Belgian variety “Forest beauty", Which has more than 30 subsidiary forms and an excellent rating of a variety of types.
A proven European variety awarded a new hybrid:
- high yields for 15-20 years of reproductive age,
- outstanding consumer qualities
- undemanding of soil composition and agrotechnical measures,
- drought tolerance
- winter hardiness
Features of growing
- Pear does not tolerate transplants. Therefore, she needs to find once and for all a suitable place in the garden. In the southern regions of the heat-loving pear is usually picked sunny south side near the walls of buildings.
The hardy “Rogned” feels good and on the northeast or north side of the site, the main thing is that the early snow that covered the plant right up to spring does not become a standing swamp when it melts (the pear does not like stagnant moisture).
Slow melting of the snow cover will save the pear from sunburn that threatens fruit trees at the end of winter. Ideally, it will do for her. elevated part of the garden, protected from constant winds.The technology of planting a pear is similar to the characteristics of planting an apple tree:
- the same dimensions of the pit (diameter 50cm, depth - 0.7m),
- planting a seedling on a mound of soil and humus,
- fortification on the north side
- planting accuracy determined by the position of the root collar (5 cm above the edge of the pit),
- the formation of the root circle,
- mulching with peat.
Pear “Rogned” will not complicate, as you see, your life, but will decorate the garden and will please the household. Among the unpretentious varieties also worth paying attention to the varieties: Krasnobakaya, Hera, Cathedral, Krasulia and Lada.
Step-by-step instruction for pruning pear crown
Every spring, before budding, the pears are pruned. In regions with a warm climate, the procedure is performed in the first half of March, but in cold areas it is recommended to postpone it until early April.. Pruning is carried out with the aim of thinning and crown formation, which has a positive effect on fruiting.
Some gardeners perform this procedure in the summer. But the need for such pruning is controversial. Together with the branches in the summer, leaves are also removed, which are responsible for the nutrition of the pear.
In the fall in September, pruned damaged and dry branches. Work carried out with a pruner and saw. The trimming scheme is as follows:
- One-year sapling shortened at a height of 50-60 cm from the ground. This will contribute to the development of branches of the lower buds.
- In a plant aged 2-3 years, the center conductor is cut to a quarter of the length. Also leave the four most developed escape, departing from the trunk at an angle of 45 °.
- Excess branches are cut into the ring. Ovary shoots give a horizontal position. The remaining branches are bent and fixed in this state with the help of twine.
Further pruning is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Remove the branches, which are located at an acute angle, as they often break. Also eliminate shoots growing up and inside the crown.
- The conductor is shortened by ¼ part, and young growths are cut to a third. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that the fruit buds from which flowers and fruits are formed are not removed. In the process of pruning should not leave hemp.
- When removing branches thicker than 3 cm, they are filed first from the bottom and then from the top. This will prevent bark damage.
Important! All slices need to be smeared with garden pitch.
It is prepared from 400 g of baked fat or vegetable oil and a similar amount of rosin. The components are melted on low heat until homogeneous, then cooled and transferred to a jar, which is tightly closed with a lid.
Preparations for the winter period
Simple care measures will make the pear easy to reschedule the winter period.
Preparation of pears for winter begins after the leaves fall. To do this, perform the following work:
- Pristvolny circle cleaned of plant residues, carry out autumn watering, then dig up the soil and cover with a layer of sawdust 20 cm thick.
- If there are damaged areas on the surface of the tree, they should be cut to healthy wood, then process these places with copper sulphate and garden pitch.
- You also need to remove dead bark, lichen and mosses.
- After that, the trunk and skeletal branches are treated with a special compound that helps prevent damage to the pear by pests. To do this, you can use a mixture based on clay and mullein (1: 1).
- The trunks of young trees are recommended to wrap with burlap to protect plants from frost.
Recommendations for harvesting and storage
Rogned variety pear is excellent for fresh consumption or preservation.
Rogneda - skonoplodny grade. The first crop is harvested after 3-4 years. The average productivity of one pear is 50 kg. But under favorable conditions, the yield can reach 100 kg of yield. The removable maturity of the fruits occurs in mid-August, and consumer ripeness in the third decade of August or early September.
Harvest is recommended in dry weather in the evening. At room temperature, fruits are stored for 10 to 20 days. And in the cellar or refrigerator at 2–4 ° C and humidity of 85–90% they will lie for two months.
Pears of this variety are suitable for making jam, stewed fruit, filling for pies, as well as fresh use.
Important! Rogned variety pears fall off quickly, which significantly reduces their shelf life, therefore it is desirable to pick fruits in a slightly under-ripe condition.
Rogned Pear: Variety Characteristics and Photos
One wonderful fruit, familiar to many Russians, has a southern sweetness, original and pleasant taste with nutmeg notes. It can be bought in stores and markets.
Among the many varied fruits growing in Russia, many are familiar to Rogneda pear. Description of the variety, its characteristics and characteristics can be found by reading this article.
Here you can learn about the places of its cultivation, about the significance of its name and about the history of the breeding of this variety by a group of breeders of the Russian Agrarian State University named after KA Timiryazev.
Rogneda (pear): description
Medium-sized trees have a round-oval or broad-pyramidal compact crown.
Rogned pear shoots are slightly curved, greenish-brown in color, with a “tan” dark purple. The leaves are medium in size.
Rogned pear (photo see above) has fruits of medium size (weight about 120 grams), rounded and sometimes flat-rounded. The surface of the fruit is shiny, smooth, with an average thickness of the skin and an average density of the flesh. The fruits are light yellow in color, and some of them may have a faint reddish blush. It is strewn with tiny hypodermic points.
The pulp of the pear is beige and white, very juicy, slightly oily, with a pleasant sweet taste with a peculiar muscat flavor.
The chemical composition of the fruit is as follows: acids - 0.15%, solids - 13.7%, the total amount of sugars is 7.5%.
Rogned pear is cultivated in a wide variety of climatic zones, and therefore it is classified into several types: late summer, early autumn and autumn.
From her "parents" (information about them just below), she inherited good taste, unpretentiousness in the care and endurance. Therefore, any gardener can safely plant this fruit. In addition to the above remarkable properties, Rogneda is hardy, so she is not afraid of Russian winters.
Harvesting and storage
Differing in high fecundity, a pear from one tree can give an excellent harvest (approximately 50 kilograms). Harvest is usually collected from mid-late August. It should be noted that the Rogned pears are, as a rule, removed slightly immature and live on the tree outside.
To prevent over-eating and spoilage of fruits, they should be harvested about 10 days before the beginning of consumer (technical) maturity - the end of the month of August, or the first week of September. Thus harvested harvest is stored from two to three weeks, and in the refrigerator - even up to three months.
History of breeding varieties
The Rogned pear variety was bred by a group of breeders at the aforementioned KA Timiryazev Agrarian University. They tried to create a sort of fruit that would take root easily and have abundant fruit in cold Russian latitudes. The basis was taken varieties Forest Beauty and Theme.
The second is often used as a progenitor in the creation of new species with improved qualities. It is known for its unique properties.
In the process of creating a new variety, the following were taken into account: winter hardiness, resistance to moisture deficiency and overmoistening of the soil, burn resistance, yield, resistance to scab damage.
Another progenitress is Forest Beauty. This is a Belgian variety, which is dessert, with excellent taste of the fruit, ripening in early autumn. Like the Subject, this species tolerates sudden changes in negative temperatures. He is unpretentious to the conditions of growth and pleases with a wonderful abundant harvest.
On the basis of such magnificent two varieties, Rogneda pear appeared.
About the name
The female name of Rogneda was worn by the princess of Polotsk, who at one time was an extraordinary and rather strong person. Most likely, this is why this newly created, endowed with a mass of positive qualities and enduring variety received this name.
This is one of the versions of the origin of the name of the pear.Rogneda means "born to rule, pampered by power."
Perhaps the purpose of the first idea of the group of breeders was the desire to create an almost perfect pear variety, since seven natural scientists worked on it. This proves that great hopes were pinned on this variety. It turned out, corresponding to its name magnificent pear Rogneda.
The taste of the fruit of Rogned pear and their attractiveness, in general, are estimated at about 4.2 points.
According to many, in its taste, this pear has a southern juicy sweetness, an unusual taste with obvious notes of nutmeg.
In addition, she has a fairly presentable beautiful spring appearance, the fruits are almost rounded. And in terms of storage this species is quite satisfied, and disease resistance is beautiful.
For gardeners who grow Rogneda, its unpretentiousness is important both in caring for it and in terms of soil composition. And breeders speak about it very positively. This is a good material for creating beautiful, more advanced new varieties. Remarkably tolerate the fruit and transport.
In conclusion, a little about growing conditions in the gardens
In order for pear yield to be annual, it is necessary in June to remove excess ovaries after shedding flowers and prune a tree. In general, this pear is partially self-pollinating, which depends on whether the stamens are capable of pollination.
In this regard, in order to fully guarantee pollination, the following pear varieties should be planted along with her: Vidnaya, Miladya, Pamyati Anzina and Chizhovskaya. Moreover, the trees planted next to, should also be resistant to frost and have the same flowering periods as Rogned.
At least 3 types of pears with different ripening terms should be planted on the general perimeter.
All is good Rogned pear. Thanks to the successful work of Russian breeders, it became possible to grow this wonderful, pleasant to the taste southern sunny fruit in most parts of the country.
Rogned Pear Features
The Rogneda pear cultivar was bred by a group of breeders at the Russian State Agrarian University, the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev.
Trying to create a pear variety that would take root easily and will bear fruit in the cold latitudes of Russia, it was decided to take the variety Theme and Forest Beauty as the basis.
The first is often used as a progenitor for creating new, improved species, known for its exceptional qualities.
The fruits of the Rogned variety are small, but beautiful and tasty.
In the process of breeding varieties, the presence of the main characteristics of the fruit, which have a positive effect on the choice of a gardener, was taken into account:
- winter hardiness
- burn resistance
- resistance to waterlogging and lack of moisture in the soil,
- not affected by scab.
The second - the Belgian variety is dessert, with high taste of the fruit, ripening in early autumn. Just like Theme, it tolerates low temperature drops, is unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation, pleases with a bountiful harvest.
On the basis of these two varieties, a new one appeared, which was called “Rogneda” - a female name that Princess Polotsk wore. According to one of the versions of the origin of the name, namely Slavic, Rogneda means "pampered with power, born to rule."
It is likely that the first ideas of the breeders, the goal that they set for themselves is to create an almost perfect pear variety.
Another proof of the high stakes being made on this species is that seven natural scientists worked on its creation.
So it turned out that the pear became one of the best winter-hardy for central Russia and is especially popular in the Moscow and Kaluga regions.
Rogneda tree grows quite large
The variety is recommended for both private homesteads and industrial gardens.
Rogneda is cultivated in different climatic zones, and therefore it has several classifications.
As the dessert pear was the parent of Rogneda, she inherited bright flavoring and fragrant fruits, and from Tema, a wild-growing tree, unpretentiousness in care. Any summer resident can safely plant a pear and not be afraid for whether it will grow or not.
Why is it worth to stop attention on this variety? The hereditary traits that characterize the Rogneda pear.
- Frost resistance. She positively perceives a minus temperature, she is not afraid of Russian winters.
- Tests have shown that it has resistance to diseases.
- Fruit development begins in the third year of the tree’s life.
- High fertility, with a single tree you can collect a great harvest, about 50 kg.
- Fruits possess southern sweetness, original taste with notes of nutmeg.
- The pear has a beautiful, presentable vernal appearance, rounded, apple-like, in shape.
- Does not spoil, the fruit can lie in the refrigerator for up to 3 months.
- Transportability, fruits can be easily transported and not afraid that they will deteriorate.
- Unappreciable to soil types.
- They are a good material for breeding.
Rogneda color requires pollinators
The tree grows up to 10 m, hence the conclusion that the variety is medium growth. It has a stab structure, i.e. shtamb grows without branches, without lateral branches. The deciduous part is round-oval, not thick, compact. Distinguished by the budding of buds (up to 70%), but growth shoots develop poorly (up to 10%). First of all, young spiders bear fruit.
The shoots are green with brown color, cast dark purple, slightly bent, descend to the end, cranked. Elongated lentils, there are few, medium and higher size. Short buds, resembling a cone, are semi-pressed to the stem.
The dark green color of the crown, the leaves are medium in size, obovate, on the edge of the serrate serrated. Scape of medium length and thickness with miniature stipules. Calyx is half open, it is kept by a short and thick stalk.
A tree blooms in the middle of the appointed time, the flowers endure the temperature fluctuations.
Rogned pears on the branch
Fruits appear in the third year of life. They are small in size, about 120 g, rounded in shape, come across flat-rounded and wide-rhombic.
The skin is quite dense, smooth, has shine. During the harvest period, the pear becomes light yellow with a fuzzy red blush, covered with the smallest subcutaneous spots.
In the context of the fruit is white or cream-colored, juicy, slightly oily, sweet with astringency, with nutmeg fragrance. sugars in fruits - 7.5%, acids - 0.15% and dry substances - 13.7%.
Therefore, the fruit can be used for making jams, canned, boiled compotes.
Toward the middle of August you can harvest. This pear is removed a little underripe and matures already outside the tree.
In order not to lead to re-singing and spoiling, it is recommended to remove the fruits 10 days before consumer maturity begins - the end of August, the first week of September. It is possible to store the harvested harvest on time for 2-3 weeks, in the fridge the lifespan is extended to 3 months.
Rogned pears are harvested in a technical ripeness phase.
Pear is skoroplodnoy. For the first time, fruits are tied on a tree by the age of 3 years. "Rogneda" is not afraid of defeat scab, fruit rot, many diseases. However, it is characterized by irregular fruiting. If you want to collect an annual decent crop, you should remove the extra ovary in June, after shedding, prune the tree.
Pear partially self-pollinated. It depends on the level of stamens, and whether it will be capable of pollination. Therefore, for a 100% guarantee of pollination, the following varieties of pears are required: “In memory of Anzin” and “Chizhovskaya”, “Vidnaya”, “Miladya”. Trees should also be resistant to winter, have the same timing of the flowering phase, like Rogneda.
It is recommended to plant at least 3 types of pears on the general perimeter, which differ in terms of ripening.
It is better to plant a tree in autumn, beginning of October, or in spring, April - first half of May, before the leaves bloom. The main thing is to find her a proper place and no longer transplant.
Loamy and sandy nonacid soil will be optimal for it. Choose her sunny and ventilated place, she will not tolerate, if she is flooded, water will stagnate, does not like wet soil.
Groundwater should be at a distance of 2.5 meters.
How to plant a pear - scheme
Features planting should know every gardener.
- We select the appropriate place. The tree grows an average of 40 cm per year, so we keep the free area with a margin (4-5 meters).
- Pit depth to 80 cm, width of 1 meter.
- In the soil, before planting, add humus and sand 3: 2, potassium sulphide (150 g) or wood ash (800 g). If the soil is sandy, then fill the peat (3 buckets), plant it on a hill.
- Sapling - not dry, without damage. Before planting, the roots are dipped into the solution (heteroauxin, peat, clay) so that the seedling is well caught.
- We strengthen the trunk with a support (peg) on the north side.
- The root neck should not reach the edge of the pit by 5-6 cm.
- After ramming, a radical circle is formed and filled with 2-3 buckets of water.
- The final stage - the hole is mulched with peat.
Water is recommended no more than 5 times a month - one bucket in the morning and evening. Be sure to conduct an annual pruning of dry twigs, thin out, leaving potentially strong shoots. Feed from the time the tree begins to bear fruit. Fight against parasites and pests by spraying a tree with pesticides and fungicides.
Aphid on Rogned's pear - a frequent guest
Pear - a culture that does not require regular care, and "Rogneda" is also unpretentious in circulation and tasty in use.
Pear Rogneda: description of the variety, photos, reviews
Fermaved.ru »Gardening» Pear »Characteristic of the Rogneda variety of pears
Rogned pear is an early variety. Obtained by crossing varieties such as Theme and Forest Beauty. Due to its characteristics is perfect for the middle band. The Rogneda pear has earned its popularity in the Kaluga and Moscow regions. A detailed description of the variety will be discussed in the article.
Characteristics of the Rogned variety pear
Rogned variety has partial self-fertility. With proper care, it will bear its first fruits at the beginning of autumn for 3-4 years after planting. Harvest can be in late August - early September. It is very important not to miss this moment as the fruits very quickly over-ripen and fall. You can store the harvest up to 50-60 days.
The variety tolerates low temperatures. When grown in Siberian conditions, the Rogned pear showed itself from a very good side, and only in isolated cases did the trees freeze.
Fruits of small size, which reach 120 g in weight. In fresh form can lie on average up to 15 days. It is necessary to remove the fruits 10 days before their full ripening in order to avoid their damage.
Fruits are juicy, have a pleasant aroma and sweet taste.
They have a rounded shape. The peel during ripening is light yellow. On fruits located on the sunny side, a reddish blush may form.
The fruits are juicy, have a pleasant aroma and sweet taste. Pears are perfect for both fresh and preservation. Also from the ripe fruit is excellent jam and compote.
If the right approach to the care of young seedlings, then in the future the trees will develop without various complications. Rogned Pear is unpretentious, but she still needs timely feeding and protection from the variability of weather conditions.
In order to enjoy a good harvest in the future it is necessary to approach the planting of seedlings wisely. Choosing the soil is worth considering the fact that the culture does not tolerate excessive amounts of moisture in the soil.That is why before planting seedlings is to find out the depth of flow of groundwater. This distance must be more than 3 m.
Place to pick open, sunny, and well ventilated. Planted seedlings advised in the fall, in early October. In exceptional cases, the landing can be done in the spring at the end of April.
The soil should contain clay or sand. A solution of lime (2 tablespoons) and water (10 liters) will help reduce the level of soil acidity. The distance between the trees should be more than 2 m. Planted seedlings must be watered with 20-25 liters of water.
All pear trees, regardless of their variety, prefer irrigation by sprinkling. Watering should be carried out 4-5 times a month, pouring about 10 liters of water under each tree. It is important not to forget about it in July and August, when the tree bears fruit.
Rogned Pear is unpretentious, but she still needs timely feeding and protection from the variability of weather conditions.
Watering this view is based on weather conditions and soil moisture. You also need to not forget about loosening the circle of the stem after each watering. This will provide the root system with enough air and moisture.
Pruning should be done before bud breaks in the second year of growth. You need to choose 3-4 skeletal branches that have an angle of at least 45 ° cut them into ¼ adhering to the same level. The following year, the same procedure should be repeated with previously abandoned skeletal branches.
To achieve the correct shape of the tree is cut off from the outside of the kidneys. Important in the growth of the tree are branches of the second order.
The quality of pollination depends on the length of the stamens of flowers and their ability to self-pollination. But to ensure a good harvest, you can insure yourself by planting similar varieties of pears, which will play the role of pollinators.
If Rogneda cannot be self-pollinated, late summer varieties planted in the neighborhood will cope with this task. They should also tolerate low temperatures and have similar flowering periods. Excellent pollinators can be varieties of such pears as Vidnaya, Milada and Chizhovskaya.
Rogneda due to the ability of early ripening can please its owner with tasty and juicy fruits at the end of summer. And its high frost resistance and ease of care makes it possible to grow such fruits in almost every region of the country.
Despite its simplicity, this culture should be protected from various pests and diseases. And only with the observance of all these rules, the yield of this fruit will be generous.
Variety of pears Lada: description of the pear, planting and caring for the plant
Lada - a classic pear varietyThat adapts well to any conditions. Due to its positive characteristics, this variety is particularly popular with gardeners. The Lada variety was bred relatively recently, but is already widely used in many regions of Russia.
Fruits pear Lada universal purpose. They can be consumed fresh and used for making blanks for the winter.
Description of pear varieties Lada
Lada variety obtained through breeding varieties Olga and Forest beauty. The bred variety was entered in the State Register in 1993. Today, the variety is actively cultivated in the Moscow region and Moscow, in the central and middle part of Russia.
Trees varieties sredneroslye, maximum height of an adult plant - 3 meters. In young trees, the crown resembles a funnel, as it grows, it changes and becomes cone-shaped.
Crohn middle density, which is quite good simplifies care. The bark of gray color, the young shoots are brown. The branches are round and long. The leaves are green, slightly elongated, in shape they are oval.
Pears of this variety have small buds and flowers, usually not more than 5 flowers in the inflorescence. Lada blooms in late May.
Pears fully ripen in August. Harvest should be collected immediately, as the flesh of the overripe fruit becomes loose and quickly deteriorates.Ripe pears oblong-elongated, somewhat like an egg. They are small in size, the weight of one fruit is 100-110 grams. The skin is smooth, delicate and thin, but subcutaneous inclusions are not visible.
Fruits are pale yellow, with a slight blush on the side. The aroma is barely perceptible, the flesh is very juicy, it is dense in structure. The flesh may be cream or white. Tasters estimate the taste of the fruit at 4.3 out of 5 and characterize the taste as sweet-sour. And for the presentation Lada received a grade of 5.
Creating a variety
Rogneda means "born to rule." This name corresponds to a kind of pear. The same name was in the Polotsk princess, who had a strong outstanding character. Apparently, this is the meaning that was laid by experienced breeders in the name of this hardy variety. Rogned Pear is endowed with many good qualities. They got her from two well-known varieties: Forest Beauty and Tyoma.
On a note! From the Belgian variety of the Forest beauty, Rogneda took unpretentiousness to the growing conditions, abundant fruiting and an unusual dessert taste. From the Tyoma variety, she received as a gift resistance to low temperatures, water imbalance, scab damage.
The task of the Russian breeders to create a fruitful variety of pears, easily taking root in cold latitudes, was performed with honor. Brought him scientists relatively recently. The beginning of the State variety test was in 1997, it was included in the State Register of the Central region of Russia in 2001. By now, Rogneda has proved to be the best variety in central Russia.
Characteristic features of the Rogned pear
Pear fruits have a round shape with a shiny surface, their color is light yellow, with a slight reddish flush. Small spots are observed under the average skin thickness.
The pear tree reaches a height of 4 m. It belongs to medium-sized varieties with a compact crown, which is round or oval in shape. The crown is not thickened by weak shoots, well ventilated. The main flower buds are located on the young ringed shoots. The edges of the ovoid leaves have small teeth. Pear flowers tolerate spring temperature fluctuations. Rogneda tree begins to fructify in 3-4 years after planting the seedling. An adult plant produces 50-100 kg of sweet fruit. Pears begin to ripen from mid-August.
Tip! To harvest, it is not recommended to wait for the full ripeness of the fruit on the tree, because when overripening, they quickly fall off and break. They are removed slightly immature, 10 days before technical ripeness. Such fruits can be stored for 2-3 weeks, and in the refrigerator - up to 3 months.
The main advantages and disadvantages of Rogneda
In describing Rogned's pear, one cannot but mention her best qualities.
The advantages of the variety include:
- Skoroplodnost (after landing in the ground sapling gives fruit in 3-4 years).
- High resistance to diseases such as scab and fruit rot.
- Abundant fruiting (50-100 kg per tree).
- Good winter hardiness.
- Excellent taste of the fruit.
- Tree self-fertility (for setting fruit, additional trees are not needed pollinators).
The main disadvantage is:
- high shedding of fruits when ripe,
- soft coloring of fruits
- frequency of fruiting.
Planting and Care Rules
The basic rules for growing and caring for Rogned pear are not much different from the general rules for caring for most pears. When choosing a planting place, gardeners must take into account her love of sunlight.
Attention! Although according to its characteristics, this species of pear belongs to self-bearing, it is recommended to plant pollinating trees near it (for example, Vidnaya, Chizhovskaya).
Pear neighbors will improve the quality of fruits and increase yields. The main thing is that these trees have similar flowering times to Rogneda.
You can plant seedlings in the spring and autumn. The pit for this is prepared in advance, at the same time enriching the soil.For the autumn planting the pit should be prepared for a month, for the spring - in the fall. The dimensions of the pit can withstand a width of 1 m, a depth of 0.7 m.
For the soil mixture, a part of the removed upper layer of the earth is mixed with manure (30 kg), saltpeter (80 g) and potassium sulphate (150 g). Having filled the pit with half-prepared mixture, put a seedling in the middle of the fossa, straighten the roots and then sprinkle with the rest of the mixture. The root collar is left 6-7 cm above the landing level. Ramming the soil around the trunk. Bind to the installed support. To reduce moisture loss, part of the seedlings leaves is removed. After abundant watering of the tree, the tree trunk can be mulched with peat.
Important! Water a pear every 7-10 days. The plant responds well to sprinkling. Be sure not to forget to water the tree before flowering, during fruiting and after it in the fall.
One of the highlights of a good fruiting pear is cutting the crown to form it. This operation is carried out in the spring, before the start of sap flow (in April). Perform its first 4 years after disembarkation:
- A year later, the plant is cut to ¼ height.
- In the second year, the central core and 3-4 strong branches for the first tier are left. These branches are cut to ⅓ of their height, and the center conductor to such a height that it protrudes 20 cm higher than them. The sections of the cuts are necessarily treated with garden pitch.
- In the spring of the third year, the central conductor is cut to 20 cm. A couple of strong branches are aligned in height, departing 50-70 cm from the lower tier.
- In the spring of 4 years lay the second central branch. It will be located 40 cm above the last tier. All other competing branches are removed.
During the summer-autumn period, sanitary pruning is carried out if necessary (to thin the crown, remove diseased or broken branches). In more mature age pears are pruned mainly for the purpose of rejuvenation and increase of its productivity.
In the first year of life, the pear seedling does not need to be watered with fertilizer, because it has been planted in enriched soil. In subsequent years, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil, and, if necessary, make the required fertilizers.
An important point in the care of the culture is the procedure of spring and autumn whitewashing the tree trunk. It will protect the bark of the tree from spring burns, winter frosts and help from diseases and pests.
Important! With the right agrotechnology, Rogneda pear perfectly resists diseases. But when care is wrong, it can be overcome by diseases and pests.
To cope with the problems, you will need the following drugs:
- Rust is treated with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid before bud breakage, after flowering, then after another 2 weeks. In the autumn after leaf fall, the tree and the foliage falling down are sprayed with a 5% carbamide solution.
- When pear in the spring suckling is used before blooming of the kidneys karbofos in a proportion of 90 g per 10 liters of water.
- From the gall mite, the tree is treated with colloidal sulfur in the proportion of 100 g per 10 liters of water three times: before bud break, after flowering and in the middle of summer.
- When the hawthorn and the caterpillars overcome, they destroy the buds, the flowers and the leaves, and process the karbofos solution according to the instructions before flowering.
Due to their excellent winter hardiness, gardeners can grow Rogned pear not only in the southern regions of Russia, but also in northern latitudes. The main thing is to comply with the correct agricultural practices and take into account the characteristics of the variety. And there are a lot of options for cooking dishes from its amazing fruits - it's all a matter of taste.
The breed is partially self-bearing, even without pollinating trees, it will still be a good fruit. The first crop is usually harvested 3-4 years after planting seedlings in open ground. But there are cases when the pear begins to bear fruit 2 years after planting.
This variety stably fruits, gardeners each year collect up to 60 kg of fruit. Ripe pears are not showered for a very long time. You can eat pears immediately in fresh form.Under all storage conditions, pears can be stored for two months. An important condition for preservation is the correct temperature regime, which must be in the range of 0 to 5 degrees.
Description of the advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This variety has more advantages than disadvantages. Breeders have the following main advantages:
- precocity of fruits
- good yield
- frost resistance
- resistance to scab and other diseases
- adaptability to any weather conditions
- unpretentious care.
The disadvantages of selection include:
- ripe pears are not recommended to be transported (they do not tolerate transportation quite well),
- for all its simplicity, the plant is demanding on the composition of the soil and fertilizers (improper care may adversely affect the yield).
Conditions for planting pear Lada
In open ground, the plant can be planted in early autumn or spring, when there are no sub-zero temperatures. For good rooting of seedlings need to choose the right place and prepare the soil. Conditions for planting pear Lada:
- Pollinators. As noted above, this variety belongs to partially self-fertile. In order to improve the ovary and increase the number of fruits, trees should be additionally pollinated with special pollinators, combined pollen. But also the pear can be planted next to such varieties as Rogneda, Chizhovskaya, Severyanka, Cosmic and Otradnenskaya.
- Selection of seedlings. When choosing planting material should be given preference zoned two-year seedlings. It is better to buy them in special nurseries or garden stores. The branches and the trunk of the seedling should be without mechanical damage, and the root system without dry roots. But also on the trunk there should be 7–8 well-developed branches, from which the main frame of the tree will then be formed.
- The choice of location and soil. The best place for planting is the south-eastern and southern part of the garden. The pear does not like cold and strong winds, therefore there should be no drafts on the selected area. It is desirable that there is enough sunlight at the landing site. The optimal soil for pears is chernozem or loam with neutral acidity. Strongly clayey soils do not fit. The height of groundwater should not exceed 2 meters.
Site preparation and Lada pear planting
The site before the autumn planting is prepared in late August. At the site should be evenly scattered:
- compost - 7 kg,
- superphosphate - 50 gr,
- potassium salt (per 1 sq. m.) - 25 gr.
Then the prepared area is dug up to the depth of the shovel bayonet.
For spring planting pear seedlings will need a landing pit, which is prepared in the fall. To do this, dig a ditch with a diameter of 130 cm and a depth of 80 cm. The soil is fertilized with the following dressings:
- ash - 700 gr,
- dolomite - 600 gr,
- compost or semi-trough manure - 10 kg,
- Azofosk - 300 gr.
The resulting soil mixture is sprinkled with a pit.
Before planting, the roots of the seedling should be soaked for 2 hours in water, and then immersed in a clay mash. The stages of planting pear seedlings:
- In a pit (prepared in advance) they dig a hole 70 cm deep and 1 meter in diameter.
- At the bottom of the pit they loosen the ground and break 10 eggs. Eggs will provide the sapling with nutrients in the first year of growth.
- In the center of the pit drive a peg (wooden).
- Lower the seedling into the pit. The root neck should be above 6 cm above the level of the pit.
- Roots gently straighten and sprinkle with soil. The soil is carefully tamped.
- Near the trunk they form a small earthen mound, so that the root collar does not descend deep into the soil during sediment.
- Then the seedling is watered with three buckets of water, and after the hole is mulched.
Lada pear care after planting
Care Lada pear is in the right watering, feeding and pruning.Timely carried out these activities will allow the fruit tree to develop properly, which will further affect the quality and quantity of the crop.
With the help of trimming form the crown, as well as it helps to ensure uniform illumination of the tree. This event is carried out in the spring before the bud breaks or in the autumn before the first frost.
Immediately after disembarking, the first trimming is performed. The central shoot should be shortened by ¼ of its length. Then, 4 well-developed branches are selected, which are cut to 20 cm.
A year later, the main root is shortened by 20–25 cm, and branches are cut to 6-7 cm. Moreover, the upper shoots are made shorter than the lower, which grow at an obtuse angle - long.
In the following years pruning is to remove damaged branches and overgrowth, as well as thinning the crown.
It is important to remember that sections more than 1.5 cm in diameter should smear garden pitch (50 grams of resin, 250 grams of grease and 200 grams of wax).
Lada variety does not tolerate drought, so you need to be more careful when watering. Young trees (up to 3-4 years) should be watered as the soil dries. Systematic irrigation depends on the condition of the tree and weather conditions. Therefore, during this period the plant is watered once a week. It will take 20 liters of water per 1 square meter of the trunk area.
Throughout the growing season, the tree is watered twice - before and after flowering. Watering can be done in two ways:
- Sprinkling. Watering occurs with the help of sprayers (rotating), which evenly spray water in the form of droplets.
- The use of grooves. To do this, dig a small hole (20 cm deep) around the tree and pour water there.
Feed the pear Lada need 2 years after planting. Three year old trees fertilized only around the wheel circle. After pear fruiting, fertilizing is introduced into the aisle as follows (for one tree):
- for pears aged 4–12 years, potassium 6 g / m² and phosphorus 4 g / m² will be needed,
- for a tree of 12–20 years, phosphorus will need 6 g / m² and potassium 8 g / m²,
- for pears older than 20 years, the norm of phosphorus will be 8 g / m² and potassium 12 g / m².
Fertilizers need to be made before flowering (spring) and before frosts (autumn). Make a top dressing when loosening the soil in the near-ground circle, and then dredging 10 cm.
Whitewashing and mulching
Before winter, the skeletal branches and the trunk must be whitened, so the tree will be protected from rodents. To prepare the solution will require:
- water - 10 liters,
- copper sulphate - 500 ml,
- lime - 2.5 kg.
For the whitewash procedure, use an ordinary paint brush.
Soil mulching will help protect the root system from freezing. Sawdust or grass is well suited for this purpose. Mulch should be laid in a layer of 20 cm. The near-growing circle of trees at the age of 4 years old is covered with spruce branches or paper.
Disease prevention and pest control
Variety of pears Lada It has excellent resistance to scab and bacterial burns. But still, it is impossible to exclude the infection of a tree with these and other diseases, pests.
Start pest control should be before the period of sap flow. To this end, the soil and the trunk are treated with a solution.
The solution is prepared on the basis of one bucket of water with the addition of 700 grams urea. This procedure destroys all insect pests that were able to survive the frosty winter.
To carry out such a procedure during the swelling of the kidneys can not be, because the solution can burn them.
To prevent diseases such as fruit rotscab powdery mildew, bacterial burn, rust you need to follow some rules:
- Regardless of the presence of the disease, it is necessary to spray the tree three times during the period from bud break to fruit ripening.
- It is necessary to regularly clean fallen leaves and remove weeds.
- It is not necessary to allow strong waterlogging or drying of the soil.
The main pests varieties Lada include pear sucker, gall mite, aphid, tsvetoeda and moth moth. The fight against these pests is in the following measures:
- Planned and prophylactic treatment with special anti-parasite products.
- Mandatory removal of weeds, because they are the main pest peddlers.
- Regular and thorough inspection of all parts of the fruit tree.