Tarragon with a wormwood belong to the same genus and the external structure emphasizes this relationship.
Tarragon leaves are elongate-oblong, lanceolate, resembling wormwood leaves. In contrast to wormwood, the tip of a leaf on tarragon is bifurcated, like the tongue of fairy dragons.
Hence the Latin specific name of the plant “little dragon” - dracunculus.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) is a perennial herb, a species of the genus Wormwood of the Aster family.
Homeland tarragon (tarhuna) called Asia, but in the wild the plant is distributed from Eastern Europe to Central Asia.
It is found everywhere in China, Pakistan, Mongolia, and India. Tarragon has occupied a certain niche in many states of America.
In Russia, the tarragon occupies significant areas, both in the European and Asian parts.
Tarragon lives in open places on dry steppe slopes, sometimes as a weed in the fields.
Brief description of tarragon
Estragon, or tarragon - bush perennial herbs. In country farms are widely distributed in the wild and domesticated form.
Tarragon roots are hard with multiple lateral shoots. Over time, woody. For the bizarrely writhing form of the French called tarragon grassland grass.
Stems tarragon straight naked, yellowish-brown, young - greenish, 30-150 cm in height.
The type of leaves located at the base and in the upper part of the stems have a different marginal shape. Tarragon leaves without cuttings.
The lower ones are slightly rugged along the edge of the leaf blade, cut at the top, as if forked, like a serpentine tongue.
Upper stem - entire, lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, pointed at the end. The color scheme of the leaves of tarhuna is green, usually dark green, sometimes bluish-silver.
Tarragon leaves are rich in essential oils with a slight scent of anise. Pleasant to the taste, do not have wormwood bitterness.
The peduncle of the tarragon is located on the top of the stem, of a narrow paniculate form. The flowers are small light yellow, greenish. Bloom in August and September.
At the end of October, the fruits ripen - an oblong achene (the crest does not have). The seeds of the tarragon are very small dark brown or brown brown in color. Plants are able to multiply samorasvevom.
Varieties of tarragon for growing in the country
Tarragon is subdivided into several varieties. In some breeding works, experts consider them as separate types:
- Russian tarragon - has a rich aroma. Used mainly in fresh food. A distinctive feature - the flowers are pale green in color, and the stem and leaves are large.
- French tarragon - used by cooks as spicy and flavoring greens for a light, savory aroma. Differs in a thin stalk and small leaves.
- Common Tarragon - has an unpleasant odor that scares insects. A large plant is characterized by the irregular shape of leaf blades. It has a bitter taste.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Tarhuna requirements for the environment
Estragon belongs to the group of cold-resistant plants and easily tolerates cold temperatures of -30 ° C. Light-requiring But it can grow in partial shade. Does not take out the crude, low, darkened places.
For normal growth and development of demanding moisture in the soil, but without prolonged flooding of the root system. The optimum temperature during the growing season is +18 .. + 25 ° С.
At one place tarragon grows up to 15 years, but for food use they grow 4-6 years as a separate curtain in 3-5 bushes.
For normal growth and development, tarragon prefers light soils, well drained, to a neutral reaction. The best is sandy soil, it grows very slowly on heavy ones. Acidic soils are neutralized with chalk or dolomite flour, and then a glass of ash is poured under a bush every year.
The plot for tarkhun should be freed from rhizomatous weeds. Dig up by 25-30 cm. Under the autumn digging make a 1 square. m 0.5 buckets of humus or compost and 30-35 g of phosphate and potash fertilizers.
In the spring, before sowing seeds or seedlings, rooted vegetative parts of tarragon make up no more than 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate in the planting wells.
More nitrogen fertilizers cause increased biomass growth, but with a loss of flavor.
Sowing Tarragon Seeds
In the open ground seeds of tarragon are sown in early spring. The plant is frost-resistant, so you can sow in the fall. For sowing, the soil is cut very carefully, as the seeds are small.
To crop was not heap, the seeds are mixed with dry sand. Ordinary sowing scheme, on moist soil, followed by powder soil. Tarkhun shoots appear in 2-3 weeks.
The optimum temperature for germination is +18 .. + 20 ° С. Seedlings in the phase of 2 leaves are thinned to a distance of 10 cm. Growing tarragon with seeds is a long period and this method is not good for all regions.
Therefore, more often it is planted seedlings.
Planting tarragon seedlings
Despite frost resistance, tarragon seeds do not sprout in the Nonchernozem zone. In these regions, tarragon is grown through seedlings.
For seedlings, sowing of tarragon seeds in the first half of March is carried out in prepared pots or plastic containers.
The soil should be light, permeable, constantly wet, but not wet. Therefore, containers should be placed on trays and watered below.
When watering from above it is more practical to use a spray.
Sowing containers are placed in a greenhouse or on cool window sills. In phase 2, the leaves break through thick seedlings, leaving the strongest seedlings at intervals of at least 6-8 cm.
In June, tarragon seedlings are planted in open ground, it is possible for 2 pieces. in one hole. Seedlings are planted in a wet fertilized soil in a wide-row pattern of 30x60-70 cm.
For a family, 3-6 bushes are enough.
Care for tarragon
Estragon belongs to unpretentious plants and does not cause much trouble to the owners. The main care is cleaning the area before sowing / planting from weeds, especially the root shoots, with loosening to better provide the roots with air.
Watering moderate. Water the plants depending on weather conditions in 2-3 weeks. Tarhuna feeding is carried out once in the spring after the first weeding or before flowering. Feed the infusion of mullein, which is diluted before the introduction of a 5-6 fold ratio to the mass, or infusion of ash.
You can feed under watering with dry ash at the rate of 1-2 cups under a bush, depending on its age.
Tarragon responds well to fertilizing with microelements or a mixture of fertilizers - a spoonful of superphosphate and potassium chloride is added to 10 liters of water.
To this mixture, you can add a glass of ash, especially on depleted soils.
Green mass of tarragon is cleaned in different ways. It is possible to cut off the green mass during the growing season as it grows, leaving 12-15 cm of hemp.
But it is more practical after the first selective harvesting of green mass, immediately cut off all the stems from near the ground and water.
Tarragon grows quickly and soon new young shoots with leaves that have retained their charming aroma are cut for use as food or for drying. Usually dried leaves.
If tarkhun bushes for unexplained reasons began to turn yellow and dry, it is necessary to cut off all the above-ground mass and remove it from the site. The place to process any soil biological product (from diseases and pests).
With natural aging, the tarragon bushes lose their properties: the aroma of the leaves decreases, their taste deteriorates, and the foliage coarsens.
Therefore, after 4-5 years, the bushes are renewed using cuttings, slips, and rhizome division for reproduction.
Greens of better quality are obtained by cutting tarhuna from the third decade of April to the third decade of June. You can complete a cut for drying before flowering.
Cut greens are dried in the shade in order to preserve the green color inherent in the shoots. Dry leaves of tarragon are separated from the stems, rubbed between the palms and stored, like other spicy cultures.
After a full cut bushes usually grow in 30-40-50 days.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
The reproduction of tarragon cuttings
In the third decade of May, cuttings of 15 cm length are cut. The lower side is immersed in a solution of a root or other root-forming agent.
The next day, tarragon cuttings are planted in a mixture of sand with soil and humus 1: 1: 1, deepening them by 3-5 cm. Planted cuttings are covered with foil, imitating a mini-greenhouse. The film is regularly lifted for airing.
The soil is kept constantly hydrated. A month later, rooted cuttings are planted in a permanent place.
Tarhuna reproduction by layouts
A well-developed 1-2 summer stalk of the tarragon is pinned in the spring, in a dug-out shallow groove or furrow, with a V-shaped wooden pin and sprinkled with soil.
On the lower part of the stem facing the soil, make several shallow cuts. During the growing season, the soil is kept moist.
In the spring of next year, cutting off the stem of the tarragon from the mother plant is transplanted to a permanent place.
The reproduction of tarragon rhizome
Estragon can grow in one place, as already noted, up to 15 years, but in practice the bush grows well and develops for the first 4-5 years, and then the rhizome grows with the roots and interferes with other plants, the leaves shrink and lose flavor. To free the site, a tarragon bush is dug up, pruned old, crooked, diseased roots. The rhizome is divided into several parts so that each has 2-4 vegetative buds. Delenki planted in a pre-cooked place.
Very quickly, you can propagate tarragon root suckers. At the maternal bush of the tarhuna in the spring or autumn, several shoots with roots are broken in.
Carefully cut the root system and planted in a new place. When planting, the root neck is buried by 4-5 cm, watered and plentifully mulched.
After landing, the above-ground part is shortened to 15-20 cm.
Application and useful properties of tarhuna
Crisp cucumbers, unusually fragrant tomatoes throughout the winter will be on the table desirable dishes, if you add to them during the winter harvesting fresh leaves of tarragon.
As a spicy aromatic seasoning, tarragon is used in sauteing cabbage, making marinades, soaking apples. Weak-spicy aroma gives the salads an exquisite note of freshness.
In Ukraine, Moldova, the Transcaucasus, Central Asia special tarhuna salad varieties are bred. In Germany, fresh leaves of tarragon rubbed meat from flies.
Properly dried (but not black branches and leaves) tarragon is constantly used for teas and drinks, refreshing and healthy.
The leaves and young shoots of tarhuna are rich in vitamins, microelements and other substances that are beneficial for the body, which have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, are used as an antihelminthic, with various salt-free diets and scurvy.
Tarragon wormwood, or tarragon, or tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Varieties of tarragon for growing in the country
Breeders recommend for home cultivation in the open ground varieties tarhuna Monarch, Dobrynya, Aztec. All these varieties have different properties. Aztec is more suitable for use in cooking, and Dobrynya is suitable for preparing refreshing drinks.
Less grown, but rather interesting for home growing varieties:
- Tarkhun Gribovchanin (the freshness and juiciness of the leaves persists for a long time),
- Tarragon Travnevy (good ether)
- Tarkhun Tarkhun Gvozdichny (recommended for cooking and as a spice for winter preparations),
- Green dol (it is distinguished by a long period of leaf conservation without coarsening of the leaf blade),
- Tarhun Zhulebinsky Semko (cold resistant with a specific delicate flavor).
For certain regions of Russia and countries, their types and varieties of tarragon, which have distinctive features in the structure of the bush, its shape, green aroma, etc., are characteristic.
Distinguish Tarragon Transcaucasian, Georgian, Armenian, French, Gribovsky 31 (base - English varietal material) and others.
Protection of tarragon from pests and diseases
Tarragon is rarely, but still damaged, mainly by aphids, wireworm, bedbugs, and cobwebs. There are no epiphytotic damages, as tarragon itself is a good insecticide plant.
When growing tarragon in small quantities in the country, it is better to use bioinsecticides against pests that can treat the soil and plants (Actofit, Bicol, Bitoxibacillin, Nembact, Aversectin-C and others).
The infected plants are sprayed with infusions and decoctions of herbal insecticides (yarrow, chamomile, calendula). They can also be pollinated with a mixture of tobacco and ash, or simply with tansy powder. Chemical treatments are not recommended.
How to grow tarragon in your own garden?
The magic drink “Estragon” is familiar to all of us from childhood: a poisonous green color, a unique, unlikely aroma and a spicy aftertaste. All these qualities favorite sweet water is obliged to a modest plant - extragonovo wormwood, or simply - tarragon, or even easier - tarragon.
But not only in drinks the plant tarhun can reveal its fragrant potential. Fresh greens are eaten in salads, sauces, "green" oils, flavored rice, soups and all sorts of dishes. And how good are sauerkraut pickled in tarragon marinade, mushrooms, and cucumbers.
And the best part is that growing tarragon from seeds at home is a very simple thing. Do not believe? Then learn from our article how to grow tarragon in your own garden, what varieties of this spicy plant exist, as well as the nuances of agricultural technology in growing tarragon.
Tarragon: what is it?
Tarragon - Herbwhich, like all wormwood, belongs to the Astrov family. Tarkhun comes from Mongolia and South Siberia. In the wild, this plant is found in the Far East, Western Siberia and the European part of Russia.
However, wild forms do not have such a pronounced smell. Growing tarragon is popular in the countries of Western Europe, North America, and also in Transcaucasia, but all this is the work of amateur vegetable growers.
On an industrial scale, this culture is not grown.
What is tarragon wormwood from a biological point of view? This is a perennial plant with woody rhizome, erect stems, small whole leaves. Height - up to one and a half meters.
At the ends of the branches with tassels are small yellow flowers. Tarragon seeds are small, and in most cultivated varieties they are not tied at all.
Young shoots and leaves have a famous spicy aroma.
Estragon - a plant frost-resistant, loves moisture, fertile loamy soil and does not tolerate overmoistened soils. At one place grown no more than 6-8 years.
Estragon: useful properties
In young shoots and leaves of this culture contains quite a lot of ascorbic acid, rutin, carotene, sugars, protein, and essential oil (estragol).
The healing properties of tarragon are known to people since ancient times: it is used as an anti-scintillant and diuretic, to normalize the acidity of gastric juice. In addition, the tarragon "spurs" the appetite, has a beneficial effect on digestion and on the body as a whole.
Most famous varieties of tarragon are varieties of French and Russian breeding. The difference between them occurs during flowering on a number of grounds:
- height (high, medium, short)
- color of leaves and shoots (green, gray-green, light green)
- the presence of anthocyanin pigmentation on the stem
- The size of the leaves on the shoots (small or large).
Most common variety of tarragon today is Gribovsky 31, possessing tender stems, strong spicy taste and aroma, good yield.
The variety is early ripening, contains an increased amount of essential oils, grows to 100-130 cm.
Variety of tarragon Gribovsky 31 is used both for salads, and as a seasoning for canning and pickles.
There are also other varieties of tarragon - Monarch, Zhulebinsky Semko, Goodwin, Green Dol. These are medium-term ripening plants, used both as a seasoning and fresh in salads.
Growing tarragon through seeds
With seed reproduction, this culture is grown through seedlings. Soil preparation is traditional: since autumn organic and complex mineral fertilizers are applied for plowing.
Tarragon seeds sown in early spring in soil mixture (light loamy soil: peat: humus - 1: 1: 1) to a depth of no more than one centimeter. Note that the seeds of the tarragon do not germinate immediately.
After two or three weeks, the seedlings of the tarragon, which are subject to picking, are transplanted into a hotbed or greenhouse according to the 8x8 or 5x5 cm scheme, where the air temperature is maintained around 20-25 ° C, the soil and the air are wet.
In such favorable conditions, estragon seedlings in six to seven weeks will be ready for disembarkation to the “permanent”.
Growing tarragon delenkami (dividing the bush)
The reproduction of tarragon by dividing the bush best produced in March-April.
To do this, the bush is shortened aboveground part, and the rhizome is divided into equal shares so that each had 1-2 buds.
Planting tarragon in a permanent place is carried out according to the scheme 70x30 cm, the depth of planting is 7-8 cm, and a liter of water is poured into each well.
Growing tarragon cuttings
Tarkhun reproduction cuttings harvested from young shoots from late June to early July. The length of the cutting should be 10-15 cm, on each - 2-4 buds.
The stems are kept in water for several hours so that they are saturated with moisture, and then they are planted in cool boxes and greenhouses (soil temperature is 12-18 degrees) to a depth of three to four centimeters in loose soil mixed in equal proportions with sand.
Planting tarragon cuttings carried out according to the scheme 8x8 or 5x5 cm. Cuttings need regular ventilation and watering. After one and a half to two weeks, they will take root.
Around the second half of September, well-formed planting material is resettled to a permanent place according to the 70 x 30 cm scheme, without forgetting to water it carefully.
If the plant does not have time to gain strength, you can plant it in the spring.
Care planting tarragon consists of loosening, regular watering, weeding and fertilizing.
When the plant tarragon reaches a height of 30 cm (in the second year), you can start cleaning for greens.
It is cut several times before the heat sets in and the plant blossoms. In late autumn or early spring, dry shoots are cut to the level of the soil.
This culture practically does not need shelter, except in frosty, snowless winters.
Another option growing tarragon at home - in winter, in warm greenhouses or greenhouses. To do this, with the onset of cold weather, planting material, obtained in spring from dividing a bush and growing over the summer, is transferred to greenhouses or greenhouses.
The most productive period of tarkhun is 3-4 years old. After that, the bush is desirable to divide and transplant delenki to a new place.
It is possible each year to partially renew the plantation of 20 percent, and to exploit it for 6-8 years.
After that, the bed with tarkhun should move to a new place.
As for diseases, then most of all tarragon is susceptible to fungal attacks. But they threaten only if the conditions of agrotechnology are violated.
Hope you made sure that cultivation of tarragon at home - it is simple enough.
But how grateful! You want to diversify and decorate your beds with wonderful, but hateful, cucumber-tomatoes, and your daily life - the breathtaking aromas of a spice familiar from childhood.
Tarragon: growing from seed is the best instruction!
Tarragon - one of the cultures widely used in cooking, has a very pleasant smell, contains essential oils, grows in all regions of our country.
There are several types of spice plants, but they barely reproduce by seed for two reasons.
- First, very rarely ripen.
The plant may bloom once every few years, and the probability of collecting quality seed is even lower.
But there are cases when seed multiplication is the only way to make this spicy plant on your garden. What to do?
How to grow tarragon shifts
As we have already warned, we must be prepared for the fact that as a result of all efforts on the garden, instead of a useful cultivated plant, an ordinary wormwood weed will grow.
Purchase seeds only from reputable distributors, they must ensure the quality of their products. But this is not enough for complete peace of mind.
Do not be lazy to search the Internet for real reviews about the company, not customized, which they often write about themselves, but real ones. And prepare yourself that he will not have that pleasant smell, and the leaves will be coarse and rare.
Next, the cultivation of tarragon (tarragon) must be done according to the algorithm.
- Soak the seeds in room temperature water. Tarragon seeds can sprout up to two weeks, soaking a little will speed up this process.
If you start to grow plants in room conditions, then it can be done in February. Soak should be 3-4 days. You can use special solutions to accelerate germination, there are quite a few of them in the implementation, follow the instructions of the manufacturer’s instructions.
Seeds need to soak
Prepare the ground for seedlings. The soil should be light, neutral in acidity. There is no need to specially prepare and decontaminate it, tarragon is very undemanding, it grows almost everywhere, like the other weeds of the wormwood family. The only caveat is that it reacts negatively to excess moisture. To avoid the risks of root disease, do drainage in tanks. At the bottom you need to fill small pebbles with a thickness of about 1-2 centimeters. At the bottom of the tanks make holes for drainage of excess water.
Drainage in the pot
Sowing should be done on the surface of the earth.
Sowing seeds on the soil surface
Important. Never cover them, it will worsen germination. Carefully water the ground, make sure that the seeds do not subside into the ground.
After sowing to preserve moisture cups cover with foil or plastic bags. This will prevent the soil from drying out.
Important. Seeds should be on the illuminated window, light stimulates the germination process.
- As soon as the first shoots appeared - remove the film. Germination temperature is within + 15–18ºС.
Peel off the film when the seeds germinate.
Growing tarragon - peeled sprouts
Practical advice. Never pour the plants - root rot will appear, and it is almost impossible to get rid of it. Most likely the plants will die.
Experienced gardeners recommend adding vermiculite or perlite to the soil. These ingredients loosen the ground that the plant likes.
And besides this, they absorb the excess moisture from the ground and gradually give it back as it dries.
Growing tarragon in the garden
Sowing seeds in open ground
Ordinary sowing in open ground
Sowing seeds in the ground
Sit tarragon can be on any parts of the garden, but better on the most fertile soils. The plant quietly tolerates winter temperatures of up to -30ºС; in the spring it wakes up one of the first. The first young leaves and stems can be used as early as April (for the middle zone of our country).
Seeds are sown in shallow parallel grooves, the ground must be moistened before sowing.
The distance between the furrows is about 70 centimeters, if it rises very thickly, which happens very rarely, they should be thinned out. Covering seeds with earth is not necessary.
The distance between adult plants is about 15 centimeters.
In the first year you need to water 3-4 times, in the future, watering is done only in very dry seasons. Tarragon has a very powerful root system and does not need special care.
Weeding is not done, overgrown plants themselves very successfully inhibit the growth of various weeds.
Tarragon grows on the bed for several years, the main thing is not to let it take liberty, capturing the whole place
Practical advice. Remember that the closest relative of tarragon is wormwood. And this is a malicious weed, to fight with it is very difficult.
Wormwood reproduces both by roots and by the vegetative method. In a few years, the cultured tarragon you planted can “multiply” in all beds.
To prevent such uncontrolled reproduction need to take special measures.
There are two very effective ways to control plant reproduction:
- Land it immediately in insulated containers. You can use old buckets, wooden crates, etc.,
- Around the perimeter of the bed with tarragon, dig in pieces of slate or sheet steel to a depth of 25–30 centimeters. Such a barrier will become an obstacle to reproduction by root processes, the plant will grow in a strictly limited area.
By its biological characteristics, tarragon is characterized by high levels of vitality.
The plant is not damaged by pests, does not suffer from diseases common among cultivated plants. In connection with such features of care for him almost no need.
In addition to the above, allowing to limit the area of growth.
At one place, tarragon can be kept for up to fifteen years, after this period it is recommended to change the location. You can update more often, some experienced growers do this operation every five years.
How it's done?
- Planting update by dividing the bush. Very simple and common method, subject to the elementary rules, gives one hundred percent survival.
In autumn or early spring, you must carefully dig up the bush, divide it into two or three parts. Try to minimally injure the horse system, slowly separate even small roots.
In order to facilitate the separation process, it is recommended to wet them (but not rinse them!). Each new tarragon bush is preferably soaked for several hours in a growth stimulator.
Today there are a lot of them in stores, you can buy any, it does not matter much, they all cope very effectively with their tasks. Soak according to package instructions. Plant a bush in a new place and water abundantly.
Update by cuttings. The method is more complicated, survival rate is lower. The operation is carried out in early May, adjusted for the climatic zone of residence.
Cut off healthy, but not old, stems 10–15 centimeters long, the lower cut is necessarily at a 45 degree angle.
Day, hold the lower end in the growth biostimulator, prikopite it in a damp ground, cover the landing site with a film to maintain moisture. The appearance of the first roots will have to wait at least a month, after which the plants can be transferred to a place of constant growth. One developed plant can produce several dozen cuttings, the optimum temperature for grafting is + 18ºС.
Reproduction of tarragon by dividing the bush and cuttings
How to harvest plants
Tarragon wormwood (Tarhun)
In the beginning, the unpleasant news is to use dry tarragon. During drying, essential oils are lost and, accordingly, the pleasant aroma and healing properties disappear.
And for the sake of these qualities and the plant is grown on the beds, it is not necessary to harvest ordinary hay for the winter. If you want to have fresh leaves all year round, then tarragon can be grown in a room.
The technology of growing in pots is common, as for all crops. There is only one difference - the plant requires much less maintenance. It is not damaged by pests and almost does not get sick.
You need to monitor only the intensity of irrigation, the root system can rot.
Some housewives make different infusions from fresh leaves; vinegar or vegetable oil is used for this. Most of the dacha residents do not advise conserving the leaves in this way: there’s little use, and there are many hopes and problems.
Which varieties to choose
Choice of tarragon variety
The outward unremarkableness and a certain "incontinence" in spontaneous reproduction on the beds of the plant compensate for the excellent aroma and complex of useful medicinal substances. Three grades have the highest characteristics: French, Russian, Gribovsky-21.
They have tender and fragrant shoots, they grow quickly, can give up to two kilograms of greenery per square meter. But there is one trouble - these varieties do not multiply by seed.
The way out is to buy ready-made plants in specialized stores and already plant them in their beds.
Practical growing tips
Tarragon is a very unpretentious plant, by all indicators of viability resembles weeds rather than cultivated crops. But to increase the yield you need to follow a few rules.
- The plant can develop well in the shaded areas of the garden, but most of all the mass grows in the sun. The intensity of the growing season is directly dependent on the amount of direct sunlight.
Tarragon develops very poorly on waterlogged soils. Even if at first glance they have normal moisture, plants can grow slowly. Why? The reason for the proximity of groundwater.
The roots are very long, get to the wet layers and marvel at root rot. And the disease itself already has a negative impact on development. Avoid acidic soil.
There are suspicions - bring fluff lime, ground chalk or wood ash into the ground. Keep in mind that acidic soil will deoxidize constantly, over time, they again acidified by the natural method.
Early seeding tarragon in the ground
A few words need to be said about the healing properties. We immediately say that traditional medicine does not use the plant for medical purposes. As for folk, she recommends the use of infusions and decoctions of tarragon as a diuretic and anthelmintic drugs.
Infusion should be done on medical alcohol and apply no more than 30 ml three times a day. It is argued that fresh leaves can relieve toothache, for this they need to chew for about 15-20 minutes, if, of course, toothache allows you to chew them for so long.
There are restrictions to the reception, they need to pay attention. It can not be used by pregnant women and children under five years.
Considering the above in the article, it is recommended, before taking a lot of space for tarragon in the beds, try to grow it in a pot on the window.
Independently check the taste and only after that make a final decision on the feasibility and quantity of growing tarragon.
Tarragon, he's tarragon: how to grow tasty and healthy grass in the garden and at home
As soon as a man learned to cook his own food on fire, he began to improve its taste with the help of various herbs.
Since ancient times, tarragon has been used as a seasoning and medicine in the Middle East, Asia, India, and China. Later it became widely used in Russia and Europe.
The plant can not boast a luxurious look, but thanks to the unique flavor it remains a favorite and always sought after seasoning on our table.
In the wild, tarragon (tarragon) is found almost everywhere in Europe and Asia. In America, it grows from Alaska to Mexico. In addition to the usual aromatic, we also know the false tarragon. It has no characteristic odor and has no nutritional value.
The height of this perennial plant is 0.4–1.5 m. The bush consists of numerous stems with narrow leaves. The flowers are pale yellow or white, clustered in paniculate inflorescences. Rhizome creeping, woody. It blooms in late summer. The plant is cold-resistant, in the autumn the aerial part dies off, and the root hibernates beautifully - tolerates severe frosts, even if there is little snow.
Tarragon sprouts emerge from the ground in the spring as soon as the soil thaws.
Use in medicine and cooking
The leaves contain a large amount of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), carotene, rutin, essential oils and a number of trace elements that are beneficial to humans. In folk medicine, tarragon has long been used as a diuretic, antiscorbutic and sedative, and in oriental medicine it is also used as an anti-tuberculosis drug. Tarragon normalizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract, the endocrine glands, improves appetite, increases potency. Tarragon should not be used for stomach ulcers and gastritis, pregnancy, during breastfeeding and in case of individual intolerance.
In cooking, this herb is used as a seasoning for salting and pickling vegetables, in the preparation of various dishes from fish, rice, meat, to flavor soft drinks, wines and liqueurs. Tarragon is added to salads, sauces and mayonnaise. In France, tarragon is put in a special vinegar for dressing salted fish. In Germany, before fresh grass laid out in pieces of meat to protect against flies.
You can cut the grass from the beginning of summer until flowering, until the leaves and shoots are rough. Drying should be in a shady, sheltered place. Frequent pruning - up to 3-5 times per season - makes the bush more fluffy.
The most famous varieties
There are many varieties of this spicy herb, the most famous are the following:
- Aztec - strongly branched shrub up to 1.5 m vistoy with dense foliage. Pleasant aroma with predominance of anise notes. At one place can grow up to 7 years. The first cut of greens - a month after regrowth (for the 2nd year). In cooking, it is used as a seasoning for pickling and pickling vegetables, in the preparation of various dishes and drinks,
- Valkovsky - has frosted leaves and a faint odor. Essential oils of small pale flowers are used in perfumery, leaves - in cooking. From the time of planting seedlings on the bed to the first cut takes 25-30 days. The variety is cold resistant and disease resistant,
- Gribovsky - leaves are dark green, fragrant. The variety is frost resistant. At one place can grow up to 15 years. Used in cooking in the preparation of dishes and drinks, as well as in traditional medicine. It takes about a month from germination to cutting (from the second year), the second cutting - in 2.5 months,
- Dobrynya - greens contain large amounts of vitamin C and carotene. Plant height about a meter. The variety is frost resistant and withstands dry periods. It is used in cooking and traditional medicine in fresh and dried form. The first cut-off is 25-30 days after regrowth (from the second year). The second is in three months,
- Zhulebinsky Semko - cold-resistant plant. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, the flowers are yellowish. It has a spicy characteristic aroma and sweetish taste. This allows you to add it to pastries and drinks. The first cut of greens (from the second year) - 30 days after regrowth, the second - after 30 days,
- King of herbs - anise notes dominate in the smell. The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates short-term drought. It is used in cooking and traditional medicine, both fresh and dried. The first cut is one month after regrowth, then after 2.5–3 months,
- Goodwin - plant height up to 1 m. Strong pleasant taste with a touch of bitterness. It grows rapidly, in the second year after planting up to 0.5 kg of green mass can be obtained. Used in cooking and traditional medicine. It grows well in open ground and in the apartment,
- Monarch - bush up to 1.5 m tall with a characteristic aroma. Emerald leaves color. Used in cooking and traditional medicine. The variety is frost resistant. The first cut is 25-30 days after germination (from the second year), then again after three months. You can grow on the window in the apartment,
- Smaragd - a low plant up to 80 cm, the flowers are small, yellowish. The aroma is pleasant, refreshing. Cold-resistant grade. It is used in cooking and traditional medicine. Looks good in joint decorative plantings,
- French - very fragrant variety. Small white flowers are clearly visible against the dark leaves. Cold-resistant grade. During the season you can get from 500 to 700 g of greenery. Used in cooking and landscape design.
Photo Gallery: The most popular varieties of tarragon
Planting and plant care
Tarragon is quite unpretentious. At one place it can grow from 8 to 15 years, but as a green crop it is better to cultivate it for no more than 4–5 years, and then transplant it. It feels good both in the sun and in the shade, but in the latter case the aroma will be much lower. The plant is not suitable acidic soil, as well as with high humidity. He loves the earth, moderately dressed with organic matter. If the soil is light and loose, the water will not stagnate and harm the roots. To improve the heavy clay soil make sand with rotted sawdust or peat. If to bring incased sawdust, the soil will become poor in nitrogen, which will worsen the growth of greenery in the tarragon. The plant is planted with seeds and seedlings. When planting seeds, they are never sprinkled with earth, as this will greatly reduce germination. When planting seedlings observe a distance of 70 cm between the rows and 70 cm between plants, because tarragon bushes grow to 1.5 m tall.
When planting tarragon on the beds, keep a distance of at least 70 cm to the overgrown bushes enough sun, moisture and nutrients
Once every two weeks, tarragon is watered so that the earth is soaked to a depth of at least 40 cm. If the weather is wet and not hot, then the plant will have enough atmospheric moisture. After watering, it is necessary to loosen the ground. Weeds must be removed in the first year after planting. Starting from the second year, the tarragon deals with weeds itself, since it has a creeping rhizome and it quickly displaces the nearby plants. To prevent this, the bed restrict, digging in pieces of slate. You can take a bucket without a bottom, dig into the soil and plant tarragon in it.
Feeding starts from the second year of life. In the spring, before the growth of greenery, make 25 g of superphosphate, 20 g of ammonium nitrate and 15 g of potassium salt per square meter. Fertilizers need to be scattered and carefully embedded in the ground, trying not to damage the sprouts.
Tarragon withstands severe frosts. Only the landing of the first year needs shelter. In late autumn, shoots are cut to ground level, roots are covered with leaves, sawdust, peat or spruce. In the subsequent shelter is no longer required.
Growing tarragon in the apartment
If you do not have a summer cottage, then it’s easy to grow tarragon in an apartment. Plant in early spring either in August a 10–15 cm long stalk in a box with a mixture of soddy earth and sand (3: 1) or buy ready-made soil for seedlings in the store. The cuttings are planted at a distance of 6 cm, watered abundantly and covered with foil. The temperature in the room should be 16-18 ° C. After a week and a half, after the rooting of the shoots, the tarragon is planted in a permanent place. In the apartment tarragon can be grown up to 4 years, then plant a new plant. Greens are cut off as they grow back and stored in a refrigerator in a plastic bag.
In summer, the plant will feel good on the balcony, in the winter it is better to place it on the window sill. Shading is required from direct sunlight, otherwise there may be burns on the leaves. For normal growth, tarragon needs a long light day (10–12 hours). In winter, this problem will be solved by additional lighting using fitolampy.
Even in winter tarragon grows well on the windowsill
You can get planting material:
- seeds. In early March, they are sown in a box with garden soil, not sprinkled, only slightly compacted soil. Then moistened and covered with glass or film. Seeds germinate within 2–3 weeks. A month later, the sprouts dive and with the onset of heat planted in open ground,
Tarragon seeds do not require digging into the ground when sowing
Reproduction of tarragon cuttings in several stages: 1 - trimmed cuttings, 2 - preparation of the stem for rooting, 3 - cuttings under the film, 4 - formed roots
With one bush of tarragon at the age of 3-4 years, you can get up to 40 to 80 cuttings or about 100 root suckers. When dividing the bush - up to 80 taps.
If a long time tarragon to propagate in a vegetative way, the plant loses its ability to bloom, while maintaining excellent taste and wonderful aroma.
Diseases and pests
Tarragon is practically not affected by disease. In rare cases, brown spots may appear on the leaves. This fungal disease is called rust. It appears and spreads rapidly in thickened landings. Another reason for the appearance of rust is the excess nitrogen in the soil with excessive application of organic fertilizers. Remove and burn affected plants, thin out. In the autumn, remove the whole above-ground part of tarragon from the bed and treat the soil with Bordeaux mixture.
Of insect pests most plague aphid and wireworm. The wireworm is a larva of a click beetle. It develops in the soil for 3-4 years, is omnivorous and very voracious. It feeds on plant roots and causes significant damage to garden crops. To get rid of the wireworm, try to loosen the ground more often. Another way is to sprinkle the beds with lime in the fall. In spring, with meltwater, lime falls deep into the soil, which the larvae do not like very much; they leave this place. You can also get rid of the wireworm by planting siderats on your plot. The roots of white mustard secrete substances into the soil that repel both beetles and their larvae. In addition, this plant is an excellent fertilizer and makes the earth more friable.
The larva of the click beetle - the wireworm - feeds on the roots of plants and is very harmful to tarragon
You can fight tleyu with the help of folk remedies (an infusion of onion peel, garlic or tobacco dust). Chemicals are undesirable to use, as the greens are constantly used in food. In extreme cases, you can use drugs Basudin or Pochin (according to instructions). It is possible to use plants treated with chemicals after 7–10 days, unless otherwise specified in the rules for using the preparation. A good means of repelling aphids will be landing near the tarragon marigolds or nasturtium.
Marigolds planted next to vegetable and green crops deter aphid
I use tarragon at home often. In my house, this grass is on a par with mint and thyme, there is always. Basically, I use it in cooking, very often began to add fresh in food. Cooking with meat, fish, I can even throw a few twigs into a salad. I know that it helps to improve the appetite, uplifting, improves the digestive process in general. I read a long time ago that the tarragon is able to strengthen the immune system.
One of the best grass during the harvest season. What are non-tarragon pickles? Yes, no! And add a few sprigs of this charm, and the cucumbers will become crispy and fragrant! And add tarragon to tomatoes and pepper, and you will get a delight, from which you will not drag you by the ears. Autumn assistant!
Not so long ago, on its site planted delicious grass tarragon. It grows not so difficult, care requires a small, perennial plant. This herb has a high content of essential oils, which are beneficial in various applications for various diseases. Also in the leaves of the grass is more vitamin C.
Several times I tried to grow tarragon from seeds - there was no flavor that I would like. Last year, in the market at my grandmother I bought a small bush of fragrant tarragon. The fragrance was exactly the one that was wanted - tarragon, like lemonade from childhood. Bush perezimoval well and this year has grown a little. So this summer I will experiment with the preparation of lemonades and the addition of this herb in conservation!
Vera Volgograd region
"Planted and forgotten" - this fully applies to tarragon. It will grow, even if you forget to water, and delight you with fresh spicy greens from early spring to late autumn. And in winter, take a pinch of dried herb tarragon, add to tea and enjoy its unique taste and aroma.
How to grow tarragon in your garden
Tarragon - perennial plant, one of the species of wormwood.
The height can grow up to one and a half meters, the leaves are narrow, and the inflorescences of yellowish-green color, paniculate, are located at the ends of the twigs. The tarragon plant (tarragon) is a well-known seasoning, and its cultivation is quite popular in garden culture.
Also, this plant is used in the preservation of vegetables and the preparation of marinades. Tarhun received its unusual spicy aroma due to the essential oils contained in the leaves and stems of this plant.
Botanical description of varieties and varieties
Externally, tarragon is not too similar to the classic wormwood. It grows to 1-1.5 m and has a lush volume. It has a straight stem and olive-green leaves with pointed tips. At the end of summer - beginning of autumn, small pale yellow flowers appear on the plant. In the stems and leaves of tarhuna there are not only aromatic essential oils, but also such useful substances as carotene, coumarins, ascorbic acid, flavonoids.
In nature, there are 2 varieties of tarragon: odorless and odorous. The latter is used in cooking and medicine.Therefore, information about its varieties is most interesting:
- Goodwin: bitter, has a persistent aroma. Used in the preparation of vegetable, fish and meat dishes.
- Monarch: spicy to taste, with a spicy aroma. Used to prepare invigorating drinks.
- Zhulebinsky Semko: has a thick foliage and persistent spicy-pungent smell. Used for canning vegetables.
- Valkovsky: a faint flavor similar to mint. The most unpretentious and resistant to disease grade. Used for the preparation of cheeses and in traditional medicine.
- Dobrynya: has the maximum amount of nutrients in the composition. Actively used in cooking.
- French: very whimsical in care, but gives a stunning flavor.
- Gribovsky: frost-resistant, very popular among gardeners and gardeners.
On the Internet you can easily find and view photos of all these varieties.
Council Those who want to see this seasoning in their garden for many years should pay attention to the varieties Gribovsky and Dobrynya. They do not require special care and grow well in one place for 10-15 years.
Rule number 1: How to plant this plant
There are several ways to grow tarragon:
- root scions,
- division of the bush.
Most often use the seeds from which seedlings are grown for planting in open ground. This happens as follows:
- In the second half of spring, seeds are soaked in water at room temperature for 3 days.
- 1 cm of small pebbles are laid in the seating box.
- A universal soil is poured into the box, poured over it and scattered previously soaked seeds.
- The box is covered with cling film and sent to the window sill.
- We can not allow the seeds to go deep into the ground. Therefore, they are not watered from a watering can, but sprayed with water and a spray bottle.
- As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed. Too thick seedlings thinned.
In late spring, tarragon can be planted in open ground. To do this, choose a plot with non-acidic fertile soil and well loosen the ground. Tarragon loves light, so the area should not fall shadow from buildings and other plants. Planting of seedlings is carried out after 15 cm. Watering of tarragon in the first year of cultivation is carried out 3-4 times per season.
Rule number 2: How to care for tarragon
Methods of care for this plant is very simple. As for the soil, only an acidic environment can harm it. Weeding tarragon is not necessary. The only exception is the first year, if the seedlings were planted too thick.
3-4 times in summer a young plant is sheared, then it will be formed into a large and lush bush. And next spring you can apply fertilizer.
Once in 5-7 years, the tarragon needs to be updated, even if the plant still sprouts. For this, the old plant is completely removed and re-cultivated.
Abundant watering the plant is not needed. Autumn bushes should be dug, but very carefully, so as not to injure the root.
Rule number 4: How to help plant reproduction
If there is no possibility or desire to plant seedlings, there are several other ways to grow tarragon. Cuttings of plants for breeding are taken in early May. To do this, from a perennial plant cut off the stems 15 cm oblique cut. The cut is processed by means of "Kornevin". The stalk is planted in a greenhouse and transplanted to the open ground in a month.
The reproduction of tarragon with the help of root offspring is considered the simplest and most successful. For this, donor plants are needed for 2-3 years. The roots are planted in wet soil. Such a tarragon needs fertilizer with mullein and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Rule number 6: How to combine tarragon with other plants
Tarragon is perfectly combined with any undersized plants that do not block his sunlight. Usually it is planted in the area set aside for herbs and herbs.
Harvest tarragon good gardeners collect several times a season. And experienced housewives give with its help their dishes a unique taste and aroma. Some even add a couple of tarragon leaves to tea. This drink invigorates and refreshes.
Ways to grow in the suburbs
Grow the tarragon in an open area in two ways: seedling and seed. The first is that the ready-made seeds are soaked for three days in water at room temperature. After the expiration of the term, small pebbles are laid out on the bottom of the seedling box, and the earth is poured over it. Having moistened it and scattering the seeds of the plant, we cover it all with food film and put it on the window sill, wait for the shoots. After their appearance, if there is a need, you can thin out the seedlings, and if everything suits you, then a pick will be held and with the onset of heat, the shoots are planted in the garden.
Seed method is used more often, it is easier and faster. Choosing a suitable plot of land, it is desirable to have a soil of non-acidic varieties, parallel grooves are made, watered, grains are sown, but not covered with soil. There should be a small space between the parallels, about 70 cm. After the green shoots have appeared, it is worth thinning the plant so that there is a distance between 15 cm between the adults.
Video - How to grow tarragon
The aroma of tarragon or how it is called tarragon is not confused with anything. Sweet spicy-tasting herb is actively used in cooking. With the help of tarragon, you can prepare both a refreshing lemonade and a delicious marinade for fish or pickle fresh cheese with it. And in order that the spice was always at hand, it can be grown at home. This article will discuss the cultivation of tarragon from seeds and care for it at home.
Tarragon: cultivation features
The main feature in the cultivation of tarragon is the choice of really high-quality planting material. Estragon is quite capricious and has the ability to rebirth with poor care, and since a distant relative of the spice is wormwood, you can get a lush-flowering branch of this plant together with cultural tarragon. So buy seeds better from proven suppliers.
Planting tarragon seeds in a pot
Only those plants that have enough light will have good germination, in the case of tarhun, additional lighting by phyto-illumination is obligatory!
Further, in order for the plant to develop properly, all the recommendations given below must be observed.
Preparation of tarragon seeds for planting
Germination of tarragon seeds occurs quite a long period, the least is the appearance of sprouts two weeks after planting. But for this you need to try.
- Seed is checked for buoyancy, and only seeds that are drowned are allowed to plant. For this, the glass is filled with water half warm water, the seeds are poured there and left for 3-4 hours at room temperature.
- Next, the seeds are dropped for 8 hours in a disinfecting solution.
- After that, seed for 4 hours immersed in a solution with growth stimulants.
After such active water treatments, the seeds are ready for planting.
It is important to ensure that the water was always warm! To do this, you can place the tank above the central heating battery, but you also can’t prevent overheating of the water.
Landing tarragon should occur under the following conditions:
- Tarragon planted in the spring.
- The soil should be loose, with the content of moisture-intensive impurities such as vermiculite.
- Since tarragon does not like stagnant water in the planting container, it is necessary to lay a sufficient layer of drainage and ensure that there is no water in the drain tray.
- Seeds are neatly distributed over the surface of the soil, sprinkle them on top should not be.
- Watering is done from the spray.
- Further, the landing box is covered with a film, and placed in the sunniest place or under a special lamp. Be sure to air for 10 minutes - 2 times a day.
- The temperature for germination should be at least +15 C.
- After the first sprouts appear, the film should be removed for 30 minutes, increasing the interval every day. After a week, the film should be left only for the night, and then removed altogether.
Optimal conditions for growing
The statement that tarragon feels great, like any wormwood in different conditions, is true. But there are nuances, because if tarragon will have to survive, then the taste will also be hardly distinguishable from wormwood.
Therefore, in order tarkhun grew well, you will need:
- a lot of light, because the main green mass grows in the light,
- water for irrigation should be soft,
- you can't create drafts
- periodically take out into the street and walk it in the penumbra, and even better if there is an opportunity to allow the plant to live on the street in the summer.
It is important not to leave it in the sun, otherwise the plant will burn.
Watering and feeding
If it is possible to plant organic fertilizers and compost into the soil, as well as garden soil, this will be a good starting point. If there is no garden plot, then you can use the purchased land for plants of this group.
It should be remembered that tarragon does not like acidic soil, it is possible to lower the acidity by adding ash or special preparations, and you can also make ground chalk.
Collecting and harvesting grass
Collect the greens by cutting just before use.
Planting tarragon is the only way to get fresh greens to the table, because to dry or freeze it is meaningless, because all the taste and useful qualities are lost. Sometimes it is also practiced to add tarragon to oil or acetic infusions.
In conclusion, I would like to give some tips on the use of tarragon in cooking.
- Leaves should not be heat treated, they lose their flavor. Add greens to ready meals before serving,
- if you add a bunch of fresh tarragon to vodka, then in a few weeks the taste of the drink will be original,
- To flavor oils, you need to pour a few fresh branches of the plant with warm oil and leave for a few weeks in a dark place,
- in order to make homemade lemonade it is necessary in a blender to whip lime, lemon, honey, mint and tarragon, strain the juice through a sieve, add sparkling water and ice,
- You can add tarragon to the marinade for fish to be especially delicious,
- when salting red varieties of fish, the addition of pre-chopped greens is also welcome,
- if you cook Dijon mustard at home, the tarragon will be useful.
So, given the taste characteristics of tarhuna, it is worthwhile to have such a spice in the home garden.
Growing tarragon (tarragon) on your windowsill, you can fully enjoy the savory spicy taste of green leaves. This perennial vegetable crop will stay with you for a long time - the average lifespan of a plant is 10-12 years.
Creating optimal conditions
How to grow tarragon on the windowsill
Tarragon (tarragon) loves the sun - plant it on the southern or eastern windowsill. Remember that the more sunlight the plant receives, the brighter and richer its aroma. At home, the bushes have a small height - about 50 cm (in the open air, tarragon grows to a meter). Since tarragon has a compact root system, it does not need large planting capacity.
The plant does not impose high demands on the soil - it should be moderately nutritious and quite loose. With an excess of humus, plants actively grow green mass, while the taste and aroma of the leaves suffer greatly. At home, you can prepare a mixture of sand, humus and turf (1: 1: 1). The normal temperature for tarragon (tarragon) is within +17 ° C ... +20 ° C. If these values are exceeded, the greens will be sluggish and non-aromatic.
Despite the fact that tarragon can grow for 10-12 years, the planting is recommended to be periodically updated - the old plant loses its taste and aromatic properties (the maximum age is 5-6 years).
Tarragon on the windowsill: growing
It is noticed that plants grown from seeds are less fragrant. If possible, use the vegetative method - plant a part of a bush with 1-3 buds in a pot. To make the plant better, you can put the root in the root stimulator.
You can get hold of planting material by cutting. The optimal length of the cuttings: 10 cm. Prepare them better in May or June. Rooting cuttings need to moistened mixture of peat and sand (under the film).
When choosing a seed method, be prepared for the fact that the harvest of greenery will have to wait longer. Sow seeds in a pot or box, on the bottom of which a layer of drainage is laid. Add perlite or vermiculite to the mixture of sand, turf and humus to maintain the optimum soil moisture (tarragon does not like overmoistening). Before sowing, seeds can be mixed with sand. It is not recommended to deeply deepen them - it is enough to spread them out on the surface, slightly sprinkle with soil (no more than 5 mm) and moisten with a sprinkler.
To create the greenhouse effect, it is worth covering the sowing with a film - thanks to this, the temperature will slightly increase (optimal level: +23 ° С). The first sprouts should slip in about 20 days.
Estragon (tarragon) on the windowsill: care for plants
To grow tarragon on the windowsill, you need to provide him with optimal care. However, it is completely uncomplicated. Plants need to be watered (moderately) and illuminated during the autumn-winter period. Top dressing can be done in the second year of the plant's life - a complex mineral fertilizer will be suitable in low concentration. The soil must be loosened regularly to avoid the appearance of a crust.
Tarragon (tarragon) grows well in a pot on the windowsill - the plant will delight you with a harvest of fragrant healthy greens.
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Planting and reproduction of tarragon seeds
Planting tarragon seeds – more time-consuming process than other methods, but if due to various circumstances other methods do not suit you, then let's figure out how to plant tarragon in this way. Seeds can be planted in open ground directly on the garden, and you can pre-germinate in seedlings. The second method is more complicated, but more reliable.
How to choose seed
Unfortunately, it often happens that when acquiring tarragon seeds, not a useful cultivated plant appears on the beds, but a common weed, wormwood.
To reduce risks, try to use specialized stores in which workers monitor proper seed storage. Before making a purchase, check with companies offering seeds of tarragon, read reviews about their products. Consult with the seller.
Among the varieties of tarragon there are three of the most common and popular in the open spaces of Russia, in particular for the Moscow region:
- "Gribovsky 31" - the so-called "Russian tarragon", best of all copes with adverse weather conditions. It is fragrant enough, but there is a slight bitterness. Most often used for salads.
- "Green Dale" - has delicate leaves, grows small bush (up to 120 cm). Winter hardy It has a pleasant smell and is suitable for cooking.
- "Monarch" - shoots of this bush are good for salting, cooking, canning. It grows up to 150 cm. Unpretentious.
There are a lot of varieties of this fragrant grass, but these three are adapted to the Central Russian climate and will definitely not let down the summer resident. When buying seeds of these species, one sachet will be enough, they are quite small.
For individual regions of Russia, they distinguish their suitable shrub varieties that adapt to climatic conditions. These include: the Transcaucasian, Georgian, Armenian and even French. The last of which is the most gentle and suitable for making cocktails.However, to grow it in the garden is unlikely to succeed, except that at home on the windowsill.
Planting tarragon seedlings
Tarragon seeds are small, they will sprout 2-3 weeks. It is not necessary to sprinkle with the earth, sow in the ordinary way, with the distance between the rows of about 10 cm. April-May is the best time when you can plant tarragon on seedlings.
After a couple of weeks, the seeds germinate, seedlings need to be thinned in a row by 10 cm. Further care includes watering, loosening, weeding. In the breeding grounds, the plants remain for one winter. In early spring, they can be transplanted into the open ground.
How to grow
To grow healthy and tasty tarragon, you must follow these rules:
- when planting seeds, be sure to prepare them by soaking for 3-4 days,
- sowing should be done only on the surface of the earth, it is not necessary to cover with a layer of soil on top, it will become a hindrance for sprouts
- the transplant of the finished plant occurs after the prevalence of warm weather,
- tarragon does not tolerate moisture, so never fill it with water, root rot may form, the plant will die,
- in the garden, give him the sunniest place, try to plant him where the legumes grew,
- prefers soils with normal acidity,
- Tarragon is recommended to be updated once every 4 years, then on the table there will always be tasty and fragrant grass,
- it is undesirable to plant it in the vicinity of Jerusalem artichoke, salad and chicory.
The bed for planting this plant is prepared in advance, enrich the soil with wood ash and humus. Mineral mixtures are added on poor soils.
Growing tarragon, do not use nitrogen fertilizers, it affects the taste of the plant.
Land for planting must be freed from weeds, prepare holes or beds for seedlings. Between the bushes should be a distance of 70 cm, it contributes to the proper formation of the germ and facilitates the care of him.
If possible, young seedlings better tie up, to protect against wind and other weather conditions. Watering tarragon should be moderate, not over-wetting the soil.
Care during growth
Fragrant tarragon unpretentious plant, can do without fertilizer during growth. But if there is a need, during the irrigation, you can add dry ash, 2 cups under the bush. There are also specialized fertilizers and trace elements that can be used in depleted soil.
Water the plant should not only moderately but also gently. It’s better to forget about the hose. As for the temperature of the water, it does not play a special role, but for safety, it is better to use distilled warm water.
During growth, do not forget to cut the bushes. Do not be afraid, tarragon grows quickly, but thanks to this procedure, its taste and smell will play with new colors.
Pests and diseases
The most popular tarragon disease is rust, which is characterized by the appearance of brown pads on the leaves of the plant. Over time, they mature and can be transported with the wind to neighboring cultures. Leads to wilting greenery. To avoid such an infection, it is necessary to weed in time and cut the greens from the bush.
Of tarragon pests threatened cicada and aphid. From the aphids will help get rid of the infusion of onion peels or tobacco. Cicada can be defeated, pollinating the plant with lime. To reduce the risk of cicada, it is enough to clean the area from weeds.
Harvest of tarragon is taken before it blooms and only in the second year after planting. When cutting off fresh shoots, 20 cm long stems are left.
In order not to harm the bush and have it on the table every day, cut a couple of twigs. The more often it will be cut, the sooner it will turn into a lush plant.
In August, when the shrub begins to bloom, harvesting stops. The plant is prepared for winter by developing wood shoots. Closer to winter, they are cut off, leaving 5-10 cm above the ground, covered with humus, peat.
Tarragon should be stored in a dark cool place, using sealed dishes. In order for this spiciness to be present in the kitchen all winter, it should be dried right from the bed avoiding direct sunlight. After achieving the desired result, collect the leaves and place in a container or a jar for spices. If you need to preserve the freshness of the product, then tearing a couple of twigs from the garden, they are wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in the refrigerator. This procedure will keep the leaves fresh for about a week.
If there is an opportunity, then after drying the tarragon in the sun, place it in a glass jar, sealing it tightly, thus, its fragrantness is better preserved. Dry grass is conveniently added to tea or used in beauty recipes.
There is a harvesting of dry salting. For this, the tarragon is crushed and mixed with salt, but without grinding the ingredients, after that everything is rolled into storage jars.
The leaves of this plant may marinate by placing them in a bottle and inject vinegar. After some time, the resulting tincture with a pleasant smell and taste is added to food. Marinating it is not only separate, but, for example, with vegetables. Adding this spice to pickled tomatoes or cucumbers, vegetables will absorb the smell and taste of the plant, acquire sharpness.
Having grown up tarragon on the site, one can hardly lose something, he asks for a bit of time, all the more, and more effort and effort. For this, he will present many culinary recipes, in which it is worth using it and surprising relatives with relatives. He has incredible healing properties. Tincture of this herb will help get rid of insomnia, improve immunity and even lose weight.
Planting tarragon seeds in open ground
There is not much difference where to plant tarragon, however, among the undesirable precursors can be distinguished Jerusalem artichoke, chicory and lettuce. If there is a choice, the cultivation of tarragon from seeds is better to produce in places where legumes were previously grown.
Landing can be carried out both in spring and autumn, under the snow. Small seeds are sown in rows after 30 cm and covered with a small layer of earth, not forgetting to moisten the planting. Seedlings will appear in 2-3 weeks, with time they need to be thinned out.
The reproduction of tarragon is best suited if you need to get a large number of new plants. With one adult bush you can get 60-80 cuttings.
Grafting is best done during the period of active growth, so rooting will occur faster. For tarragon it is spring or early summer. Cuttings are cut 10–15 cm long, and then planted in a greenhouse with soil mixture of humus and sand.
After that, they must be regularly aired and watered; the temperature should be kept within 18 degrees. If everything is done correctly, the cuttings will be ready for planting within three weeks.
Not very popular, but effective way - reproduction using segments of rhizomes. In early spring, rhizomes are dug out and cut into pieces of approximately 5 cm in length. Further, the scheme is exactly the same as when grown by cuttings.
How to care for tarragon on your site
The main care for tarragon is to remove weeds, loosen the soil and timely watering, especially during drought. Young shoots must be tied to the pegs, as strong winds can damage them.
Already from the second year it is desirable to feed the plant. It is best to do this in the spring, using complex mineral fertilizers at the rate of 1 tablespoon per square meter.
Collection and preparation of tarragon grass for the winter
Estragon is used in many recipes, both in fresh and dried form. Also it canned, frozen. Of course, everyone knows about the drink, which has the same name. However, collecting is not possible in winter, therefore, it is necessary to prepare tarragon for the winter.
The grass must be washed, dry a little on a towel. For convenience, you can decompose portions and wrap in bags or cling film (the denser and more tight, the better). To freeze.
As in the case of freezing, the greens must be washed and dried. Next, finely chop the raw material, and then mix with salt. The proportion should be 5: 1, while it is important not to overdo it - the grass needs to be mixed, and not frayed.
Then tightly tamp in a jar, close the nylon cover and leave in a cold place until you need it.
Now it is no secret to you how to grow tarragon at your dacha and enjoy its taste all year round.