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Ornamental Yarrow is a perennial herb that is well-known and common among gardeners and belongs to the numerous Astro family. It is used not only for decorating the site, but also for medicinal purposes. Therefore, many gardeners are faced with the need for its cultivation and care.
Yarrow: cultivation, reproduction, use in garden design, medicinal properties
Yarrow is a plant that is not only cultivated in gardens, but also grows in the wild in meadows, steppes and forests. The thing is that The plant easily adapts to various conditions and is completely unpretentious. Since ancient times, its medicinal properties are known, in today cultural varieties are used in landscape design. Therefore, to grow a yarrow alone will not be difficult.
The yarrow in natural growing conditions is found in fields, on mountain slopes, in woods and steppes, and also in meadows. This prevalence is due to its simplicity and ability to adapt to any climatic conditions.
This wild-growing perennial plant, which was cultivated a century ago, is why today it is widely used in landscape design of gardens, parks and garden plots.
Yarrow, depending on the variety can reach 70-100 cm in height
There are many different varieties of this crop, but the most common ones are:
- pearl oyster
- Keller and others.
All of them differ in the height of the plant, the diameter and color of the inflorescences. They are distributed throughout the territory of our country, and grow in all climatic conditions. One of the most common in Russia and throughout Europe is Ptarmika. This plant has a creeping rhizome, compact stems with a height of about 1 meter, small foliage, as well as hemispherical inflorescences of a light pearly color.
Yarrow, depending on the variety can reach 70-100 cm in height, while it has saturated bright green shoots, leaves and trunks. Even before flowering time, this plant has a beautiful decorative appearance, so it can decorate a garden at any time of year - from spring to autumn.
During the flowering period, the bush is covered with flowers that are up to 3 cm in diameter. They are assembled into shields that form large inflorescences. They can reach a diameter of 20 cm. Shades of a plant can be completely different - from tender light to bright saturated, and when flowering they are associated in a fluffy carpet. At the same time to grow this culture is no more difficult than the flowering gloxinia.
Description of the yarrow decorative. Cultivated varieties and varieties
On country roads, hillocks grows homely, unpretentious flower - yarrow. The plant has healing properties:
- stops bleeding,
- has antibacterial properties
- helps with inflammatory processes
- normalizes the bowels,
- used as a choleretic agent
- normalizes the pulse
- used to treat burns.
The name of the plant has received for the form of a leaf, dissected into many segments, the Latin name translates as "Achilles". There is a legend that this flower cured the ancient Greek hero Achilles.
Achilles has an erect stem with heavily dissected leaves. Flowers of white or pinkish color are collected in inflorescences baskets. The rhizome is branched, so it is easily propagated by parts of the roots.
Breeders brought decorative varieties, retaining the beneficial properties of yarrow. These species are also distinguished by unpretentiousness, good germination and survival. But have larger flowers, bright color, overall inflorescences. On sites grown varieties:
- Pearl oyster,
The inflorescences of decorative varieties can reach 20 cm in diameter. Shoots more saturated colors. Inflorescences are:
- bright pink
- light pink
Reproduction and planting
Like a wild relative, the decorative yarrow propagates by seed, cuttings, rhizome. All three methods are quite effective: the seeds have good germination, cuttings easily take root, and parts of the rhizome easily take root in a new place. Therefore, this plant is so fond of applying designers to the formation of beautiful landscapes.
At the end of the summer it is necessary to collect the seeds, dry them. It is better to plant in February-March, so that the plant has time to get stronger and please with flowering.
- Seeds are sown in light ground with peat in a shallow container.
- Sprinkle a little top with soil and wait for germination.
Council To seed quickly sprouted, put the container on the window sill.
- Care is not difficult. Sometimes you need to water.
- Days after 10 should appear the first shoots.
- You can make fertilizer to accelerate growth.
- Wait until the seedlings are strong, then transplant into separate containers. Sprouts are very thin and fragile, so you need to handle them carefully.
- Planted in open ground in heated soil.
The cutting is carried out in the spring. The shoot is cut with a sharp knife, placed in water until the roots appear. Next, planted in open ground, watered. Seedlings better cover from sunlight until they take root.
Divide the rhizomes in autumn or spring. This procedure should be carried out once every three years to rejuvenate the root system.
Attention! The rhizome of Achilles is growing. Therefore, it is necessary to remove excess shoots.
Flower for the lazy: dressing and care. Diseases and pests
Ornamental varieties inherited the properties of yarrow. Almost do not require care. Enough as necessary to water the plant. To preserve the decorative properties, it is necessary to cut the inflorescences that have completed flowering. If the soil in your area is not nutritious enough, complex fertilizers can be applied 1-2 times a year.
The plant has almost no pests. Rarely on the plant can live striped beet weevil. An insect damages leaves and shoots of a plant, and the larvae live on the root system, causing damage to it. A female weevil lays eggs in spring in early May (about 100). Weevil has a full cycle of development, so adult insects appear by the end of summer. If insects are found, treat the plant with chemicals. For this fit:
There are more benign methods that are commonly called folk. You can spray the plants with a solution of mustard (100 g per 3 liters of water), also used infusions of wormwood, hot pepper, tansy. Plants poured boiling water, kept 3-4 days. Then filter, and sprayed Achilles.
Application in landscape design. Combination with other plants
Bright and dissected leaves of the plant can already serve as a flower bed decoration. A wide range of colors of inflorescences opens the border to the imagination of designers. Most often, yarrow is used for framing borders, design lawns and lawns. For this purpose, suitable for stunted varieties. In the photo you can see examples of registration borders.
High stem plants are used for single plantings. Landing in mixborders, in the design of the "Alpine Hill" look beautiful. Achilles fits well with spike-shaped plants (buzulnik, liatris, wich) and decorative cereals. The photo shows combinations with lavender, delphinium, sage. Unusually looks next to plants with silver leaves: wormwood, Veronica gray.
To create pomp, lightness in the design of the site used Yarrow "Pearl oyster". The inflorescences are small, dazzling white, but the flowers are so numerous that they resemble a cloud. In addition, this variety can grow on the most barren soil, where other flowers can not fully develop. It is suitable for sunny and shady places.
"The Cherry Queen" ranks second in popularity. The height of the stem to 80 cm, inflorescences bright cherry color. This variety will add "royal grandeur", the brightness of your garden. Can be combined with irises, aconite, delphinium, meconopsis, phlox.
The variety "Red Velveteen" resembles a velvet blanket, its terry flowers are closed in dense red inflorescences. "Red Velveteen" is more demanding of sunlight, but, despite the scorching rays of the sun, the brightness of flowers remains the entire flowering period.
Whatever varieties of yarrow you planted, they will decorate your site. And most importantly! You almost do not have to make an effort to do this. Grow Achilles in the open field. Planting is carried out in the spring of seeds or autumn rhizome. Does not require care. Fertilizers are applied once.
Growing yarrow from seed
How to reproduce yarrow is an ambiguous question. But experts agree that new varieties should be planted with seeds, and then propagated by dividing the bush. The fact is that seed reproduction through the collection of their own planting material does not preserve the properties of the parent plant. This is especially true for terry varieties.
Seeds, especially very small, are sown to a depth of no more than 2 cm, preferably at a distance of 3 - 5 cm from each other. The wells are sprinkled with soil and moistened with a spray bottle. It is important that during this procedure they do not wash to the surface and do not plunge deeper. On the box, you need to stretch the transparent film or put glass to create a microclimate inside. Then it is placed in a warm place, which is well lit.
Yarrow does not sprout for long, growing from seeds takes about 10 to 12 days. It is necessary to dive the plant, only in this way the root system is strengthened and the growth of yarrow is stimulated. But this should be done carefully, as the shoots themselves are very fragile. A dive is conducted after the shoots appear on the first true leaf. Each sprout is planted in a peat cup with a light substrate. Watering seedlings should be about two times a week.
Around the end of April, the yarrow is ready for planting in open ground, since the seedlings reach 10 to 12 cm in height. By this time, the ground should warm up sufficiently and the danger of return frost will pass.
For transplanting, it is necessary to make holes up to 10 cm deep, in which peat cups are placed one by one. Planted plants should be sprinkled with earth and water.
Yarrow Bushes Division
Yarrow - a perennial plant, so it is often bred by dividing the bush. Especially because you can save all its decorative properties. It is possible and necessary to divide bushes every 2 - 3 years, otherwise the bush will collapse, and the plant will quickly grow old.
The procedure is carried out in spring or autumn. In the latter case, this should be done no later than September, otherwise the bush may not settle down. During the landing of the divided parts they are deepened into the ground a little more compared to how they had previously grown into a solid bush.
Try to avoid self-seeding, especially decorative varieties. Over time, they pereopolyatsya and degenerate.
The combination of yarrow with other plants
Unpretentiousness and a variety of flower tones are appreciated by landscape designers and willingly grow it in gardens, using it in various compositions. Today, a huge variety of plant varieties has been developed, which differ not only in the tone of inflorescences, but also in the height of the stem. The use of yarrow in the garden is to land it in mixborders, as well as framed borders. It is grown for cutting, dried and used in compositions of dried flowers.
It is also planted for the purpose of healing the neighboring plants. Yarrow is able to remove sulfur from the soil, repel pests and serve as a preventive tool for various diseases.
Yellow varieties of plants blend well with warm hues and blues, as well as those with silvery foliage. If your yarrow has a delicate color of flowers, plant it with plants of the same shades and with a bronze color of foliage. Bright varieties perfectly shaded by blue and purple flowers with silver or purple foliage.
As already stated Yarrow - an unpretentious plant, so care for him is simple. It will not require regular feeding, frequent watering, loosening the soil and weeding. The only thing is that on extremely hot days it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out, therefore the soil around the trunk is moistened.
If the yarrow had to be planted on poor soil, or the choice of a place to plant was unsuccessful, can be guided by such recommendations for the care of him:
- to feed, but not more often than 1 - 2 times per season,
- remove dry buds at the end of flowering, it will improve the decorative characteristics of the plant,
- in hot climates and in dry days it is necessary to water the yarrow once a week, in other cases it should be done much less frequently,
- when cold weather comes, the plant is cut off, leaving stems 10-15 cm high, and in very cold climates they cover the roots with dry leaves.
Medicinal properties of yarrow
In addition to outstanding decorative qualities, the plant has medicinal properties and some contraindications. So, the infusion of it normalizes the work of the heart, lowers blood pressure. Broth due to spicy bitter taste stimulates salivation, outflow of bile, extinguishes flatulence. Yarrow herb is used as a bactericidal, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory agent. This is due to the presence of chamazulene and essential oils in its composition.
Many flavonoids, azulenes and tannins have been found in the grass, which have a wound-healing effect. By the way, often ask the question, what is useful yarrow for women. Achilles in its composition helps blood coagulate, providing a hemostatic effect, which is very important with heavy menstruation. Although along with hemostatic effects, it contributes to the reduction of the uterus. Achilles also increases the secretion of the stomach.
Preparations based on yarrow are used to relax the smooth muscles of the intestine, biliary and urinary tract. Thus, they relieve spasms in the intestines, partly relieve pain, increase diuresis and bile secretion. True, it can not be used during pregnancy, high blood clotting.
Yarrow has beneficial properties and contraindications for men. Adding a plant to ordinary tea helps relieve pains in prostatitis, and in mild form, even reduce inflammation.
Numerous useful properties of yarrow in combination with amazing unpretentiousness and remarkable decorative characteristics make This plant is simply indispensable in every garden.
Ways of planting
There are different ways to grow plants:
- dividing the bush
The most common planting of this plant at home with seeds, because in the open garden bushes mainly multiply by division. For growing in this way it is better to use planting material of several varieties. Such mixtures can be bought at any specialty store or made by yourself by mixing several sachets.
A multi-colored carpet of small flowers looks very beautiful and unusual. Yarrow in the form of seeds is inexpensive, while its germination is high enough. This is the reason for the high popularity of this method of growing at home, especially among inexperienced young gardeners.
To obtain the desired result, it is better to start planting at the end of winter - in February, since the vegetative period of the plant is rather long. If you sow much later, then the flowering of yarrow can never wait. It is important to carry out all the steps of the step-by-step instruction:
- For planting should prepare the soil. Best suited fine-grained substrate, combined with river sand. In such a ground yarrow grows well and feels.
- For sowing seeds you need to use a shallow plastic box, because the plant has thin filamentary roots. Deep pot is not suitable for him. Also, unlike the cultivation of other herbal plants, such as petunia seedlings, it does not need to use drainage.
- The seeds are quite small in size, so they dive into the soil by no more than 2 cm. Otherwise, they will not be able to make their way and make viable seedlings. They need to be planted in rows at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. After should be further moisten the soil. It is not recommended to water it from a glass or a watering can, it is better to do it with a simple sprayer. Otherwise, the water may simply wash the seeds or deeply deepen them inside.
- The box with the landing should be located in a warm and well-lit place, covered with a transparent plastic wrap.
- After 2 weeks, the first shoots will appear. At this time, they require careful care, because they should not be very wet and dry the soil.
Growing and replanting
After the plant has given the first leaf, you can start picking the seedlings. For transplantation, it is better to use separate small peat pots filled with a light nutrient primer or a special substrate. When planting seedlings, all manipulations should be carried out extremely carefully, since the seedlings are very thin and can be easily damaged if they are awkwardly moving.
Transplanting is necessary so that the yarrow can grow and develop further. In a common pot, seedlings will interfere with each other, and the roots intertwine.
Therefore, a picking is necessary in a timely manner, since later on, when untangling the roots, it will be possible to easily damage and deform them, which will affect its further growth.
After transplantation, the yarrow needs only moderate watering, which should be done no more than 1-2 times a week. It is also important to place the peat pots in a well-lit place without direct sunlight access to the best during the day, since ultraviolet light can cause burns and plant death.
After the seedlings in peat pots reach 10-12 cm, they need to be transplanted to a permanent place of cultivation. This is best done in late April or early May. The ideal place will be as a well-lit area, and located in the penumbra. For transplantation, you must perform the following steps:
- dig a planting pit with a depth of about 10 cm,
- when grown in a peat pot, it is enough to put it in the central part of the fossa and bury it with soil, having slightly tamped it. When using plastic containers, a seedling with a primer must be carefully removed from it so as not to damage the root system,
- after transplanting, seedlings need to be watered with clean water.
Departure after landing
Yarrow is quite unpretentious plant, so it does not require specific care. It does not need frequent fertilizing and fertilizer application, regular watering, weeding and weed control. Only on hot days, the soil around the flower should be additionally moistened, which will prevent its drying out.
It is due to his unpretentiousness that he found distribution in many countries and regions - in Siberia and the Far East, Central Asia, the Lower Volga region, Kazakhstan, and various CIS countries. It can grow on almost any soil, has a good shade tolerance, and also grows even on drained arid soil.
But for proper growth, comprehensive care should include the following manipulations:
- you need to water the plant a maximum of once a week in the dry summer, and in cold climates it should be done even less often
- after flowering all the inflorescences need to be removed, which will improve the decorativeness of the plant,
- Yarrow should be fed no more than 1-2 times per season,
- with the onset of cold weather, the stems should be cut to a height of 10-15 cm, and if the winters in the region are very frosty, then the roots should additionally be covered with dry leaves.
Garden Yarrow looks great in compositions with other plants and flowers, so landscape designers are often used. To do this, plant them better for groups at a distance of 45-55 cm from each other. Garden jasmine and other shrubs and trees will look good with it.
Yarrow is represented in a wide variety - pearl oyster, ordinary, Ptarmika, so for use in landscape design, you can easily choose the right variety. All of them differ in height, size, color and shape of inflorescences, therefore, they have different decorative function. At the same time growing and caring for them is not difficult.
Planting and care
Nature has endowed us with a variety of plant world. Many representatives of the flora are successfully cultivated and used in landscape designs. One of the most common among gardeners plants is a thousand-year-old decorative.
This amazing plant is used not only for decorating sites, but also for medicinal purposes. To grow a millennial decorative is not so difficult. Nevertheless, it is important to know some of the nuances of planting and caring for the millennial.
Decorative Yarrow or Achilles ordinary belongs to the Astorich family. Initially, it grew in the form of wild plantations and was considered a weed.
Over time, professional breeders have created several separate types of yarrow, which were distinguished by unpretentiousness and served as an excellent decoration of the site.
Today, the yarrow is one of the most popular plants in the horticultural community with many varieties of the most diverse colors.
Decorative Yarrow has a strong root system with a variety of upright or slightly curved stems at the bottom. Plant height, depending on the variety, can reach from 65 centimeters to 1 meter.
Foliage on the stems does not grow densely, settling down in turn. Flowers are small baskets, which together are dense racemes of inflorescences. Edge flowers short-tongued.
Depending on the variety, the yarrow can bloom in a variety of colors:
The yarrow fruit is a seed without a tuft, ovate or oblong, slightly flattened across its diameter.
It is noteworthy that the yarrow is a great neighbor. This plant has a beneficial effect on the surrounding plants, stimulating their growth. In addition, it is worth noting that the rhizomes of the yarrow suck sulfur from the soil, while the surrounding plant community does not suffer from its excess.
Interestingly, decorative yarrow is unpretentious to the environment. In the wild, it grows in fields, in mountainous areas, in forests, steppes, and in meadow expanses. Such unpretentiousness is due to the high degree of adaptability and good adaptation to any weather and climatic conditions.
Decorative Yarrow has a huge number of varieties. All of them are different in height of the plant, the color of flowers and the diameter of the inflorescences. Each of the varieties can be found in our area in any climate zone.
The main difference of the yarrow ornamental from other plants is bright green shoots, stems and leaves.
Thanks to the beautiful foliage, the yarrow looks favorably on the site before the start of flowering and is able to decorate the garden during the whole warm period of the year: from spring to autumn.
The most popular varieties of yarrow ornamental.
This type of yarrow is very common in the post-Soviet countries, even in the wild. It is found completely in any locality: in the meadows, in the steppe or forest, on stony or sandy slopes.
A distinctive feature of the noble yarrow is small, in comparison with other members of the family, a height of about 65-68 centimeters and large white inflorescences. The stems of the plant are simple with dense foliage of gray-green color.
The flowering period is June.
Large yarrow distributed in Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Commander Islands and Japan. Most loves to grow in the meadow area.
Yarrow large-headed reaches an average of 60 centimeters in height. Leaves whole, lanceolate. Blooming - snow white. Hemispherical baskets with white tongues on the marginal flowers. The flowering period is August.
Yarrow is a perennial plant with tall (up to 70 centimeters) stems, which form a loose bush. Leaflets are arranged in turn.
Flowers reed type pink, purple, white or yellow. The flowering period is from mid-June to the end of July. It is noteworthy that the yarrow has a small number of domestic varieties.
- Lachshonheit Yarrow (has a very beautiful decorative appearance. The flowers after opening have a salmon-pink color and brighten every day, becoming pale-beige at the end of flowering. The foliage has a beautiful bronze shade. This plant likes dry places with poor soil)
- yarrow Fan (this plant has long been displayed in breeding institutes to produce red flowers. Over time, the flowers turn pale and at the end of flowering they become salmon-pink).
Perhaps the most common type of yarrow is a PTmik variety. It is found in almost any locality.
You can distinguish it by reed pearl-white flowers and compact structure of the bush.
Despite the fact that the plant reaches 1 meter in height, the bush looks very decorative, thanks to a dense foliar system. The foliage itself is small, lanceolate-linear. Flowering lasts up to 40 days.
It builds to note that the yarrow PTmirka has a very beautiful variety called “Pearl”. The plant has terry baskets with white flowers, which is very unusual for millennials.
The distribution environment is the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Tavolgova yarrow is a tall plant, more than 1 meter in height, with openwork gray-green foliage. Baskets of flowers gathered in shields of a flat view. Edge flowers of a golden shade, single-row. The tubular flowers are yellow. The flowering period - from the beginning to the end of July. The yarrow tavolgovy has several varieties:
- Yarrow Koronashen Gold (about 1 meter high with golden flowers and dense shields)
- Yarrow Gold Plet (Tall, winter-hardy. It has yellow inflorescences, Listava - brownish-green).
Yarrow herb - description
Yarrow grass - rhizome perennial with leafy and slightly curved at the bottom or upright stems from 50 to 90 cm in height. What does yarrow look like? The inflorescences-baskets, collected in thick brushes or shields with a diameter of up to 15 cm, consist of marginal short-tongued flowers of white, pink, red or yellow color and yellow or white tubular flowers. Whole or pinnately dissected leaves of yarrow are arranged alternately. The yarrow fruit is an oblong or ovate, oblate seed.
For seedlings, yarrow seeds are sown at the end of February in a fine-grained substrate diluted with half river sand. As a container for seedlings use a shallow plastic container. Seeds are laid out on the surface of the wet substrate in rows at a distance of 3-5 cm from each other, and sprinkled with a layer of the same substrate 2 cm thick. Then the surface is sprayed from the sprayer, trying not to wash the seeds to the surface, cover the crops with a film and keep them warm. bright place, airing and moisturizing as needed.
The first shoots appear in 10-12 days, and then the film is removed from the crops, the seedlings are immediately moved to the brightest place where the direct rays of the sun do not fall, and as soon as the sprouts form the first true leaf, they dive into peat cups with light nutrient soil . Be careful when transplanting, as yarrow seedlings are very fragile.
In the future, care for seedlings consists of moderate watering after the topsoil has dried. Moisturizing is carried out not more than twice a week. When the seedlings reach a height of 10-12 cm, after hardening, they are transplanted into the garden. This usually happens in late April or early May. Most of all, the yarrow flower likes places well lit by the sun, although it grows well in partial shade. The soil is indifferent to the composition of the soil.
Planting yarrow and care for them are simple in execution and take almost no time. The hole for the yarrow seedling should be approximately 10 cm deep. The peat pot with the seedling is placed in the center of the fossa, and the remaining space is filled with soil. If you dived the seedlings into a common box, remove the seedling from it along with the earthy clod, trying not to damage its root system, lower it into the hole and fill the voids with the soil. After planting, the surface of the flower bed is compacted and watered. Blossom yarrow from the seeds by the end of August.
Care garden yarrow.
Water the garden yarrow no more than once a week, and then only in the dry summer. If the summer season is cool, if not rainy, then water will have to be even less.
Yarrow is fed 1-2 times per season with complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. Tall varieties sometimes require garters. When autumn comes, decorative yarrow is cut at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground. In warm regions, the perennial yarrow does not need shelter, but in the case of a very cold and snowless winter, the roots of the plant are covered with dry leaves or covered with spruce leaves.
Once every 3-4 years, yarrow bushes are divided and planted. The only disadvantage of this plant is that it is able to grow very quickly and capture areas designated for other purposes. To prevent this from happening, cut the inflorescences as soon as the first signs of wilting appear on them, so that the plant does not multiply itself and does not lose its attractiveness.
The yarrow is harvested during flowering: it is at this time that the plant has the most powerful healing properties, and the essential oils accumulate in its upper part in the greatest amount.
It is necessary to cut the grass in dry sunny weather, when there will be no dew on the leaves. Do it with a sickle, pruner or sharp knife, but if you have to remove the whole plantation, you can use the scythe. They remove only the top of the plant and part of the stem with a length of up to 20 cm. Rough stems devoid of leaves are of no therapeutic value. You can not tear the yarrow with the root, if you want to collect it in the next year.
Cut inflorescences are dried in a dry, clean room or in the open air under a canopy protecting the harvested yarrow from the sun's rays, which destroy the raw material of chlorophyll and essential oils. Lay out the grass in a thin layer and in the process of drying, periodically turn the raw material so that it does not break. You can tie the cut inflorescences in bunches of stems and hang them to dry under the roof. After the yarrow dries, the stems need to be removed. Raw materials are ready for storage when the stems begin to break off easily, and the flowers and leaves crumble. The finished medicinal raw materials should consist of inflorescences, leaves and the upper part of the stems no longer than 15 cm. Thick stems must be removed. The smell of yarrow grass is strong, the taste is bitter.
Store medicinal raw materials in a dry, cool, dark place in glass jars, canvas bags, cardboard boxes or paper bags for about two years. A well-corked yarrow can be stored for up to 5 years.
Yarrow Felt (achillea tomentosa)
- In the wild, this plant is found in Western Siberia and in South-Eastern Europe. In culture, the species is grown mainly in rock gardens, as it forms carpet thickets. The plant reaches a height of only 15 cm, and in diameter its bushes can grow up to 45 cm. The pubescent, pinnately dissected, silvery, leaves of the yarrow felt are not falling for the winter tightly pressed to the ground. Baskets of lemon-yellow color are collected in shields with a diameter of up to 7 cm. The most popular is the Aurea species (Mainers Gold), reaching a height of 20 cm and blooming with bright yellow inflorescences.
Useful properties of yarrow.
The healing properties of the yarrow are multifaceted, and traditional medicine has been using them for more than one century. The composition of the plant includes tannins tannins with bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, soothing and astringent action. They tone up the skin and relieve irritation, therefore they are useful for acne and porous skin, oily seborrhea of the face, as well as for sweating and for strengthening the hair. Vitamin K contained in the plant increases the strength of capillaries, helps to stop bleeding and hemorrhage, healing ulcers and wounds. A large amount of carotene, which is part of the yarrow herb, eliminates brittle nails and hair, dryness, peeling and keratinization of the skin, counteracts the appearance of wrinkles and blackheads. Yarrow contains essential oils, alkaloids, phytoncides, flavonoids, glycosides, bitterness, vitamin C, esters, choline, acetic, isovaleric and formic acids.
Yarrow enhances bile secretion, stimulates liver function and appetite, improves digestion and accelerates the absorption of substances. It is used as a hemostatic in diarrhea, dysentery, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, thrombosis and any bleeding, and as an anti-inflammatory agent in gastritis and enteritis. As a diaphoretic remedy, yarrow preparations are used for fevers and colds. Yarrow treats such diseases and conditions as pulmonary tuberculosis, catarrh and gastric ulcer, kidney disease, malaria, female diseases, enuresis, anemia, headaches, hypertension.
Yarrow juice, tincture, decoction, ointment, oil, and liquid extract are considered therapeutic drugs. Some of these drugs can only be purchased at pharmacies, but some can be prepared by yourself.
Broth: one teaspoon of chopped yarrow herb pour a full glass of boiling water, cook at a low boil for 5-10 minutes, cool and strain. Take half a cup 3 times a day for gastritis and stomach ulcers.
Tincture: 30 g of dry yarrow herb placed in a vessel of dark glass, pour 100 ml of medical alcohol, cork tightly and leave in a dark cool place for 10 days. If vodka is used instead of alcohol, then it is necessary to insist 12 days. For internal use with pain and bleeding, 30-40 drops of tincture are mixed with 50 ml of water. This preparation can be used to treat wounds and soak bandages for compresses.
Ointment: A handful of fresh leaves and flowers of yarrow are ground in a mortar and mixed with an equal part of unsalted lard. Use the ointment for bruises.
Yarrow - contraindications.
Yarrow drugs are contraindicated in cases of increased blood clotting and diseases caused by this problem. Pregnant women are not recommended to use the juice of yarrow. But even if you are not pregnant and absolutely healthy, prolonged or excessive use of yarrow drugs can lead to poisoning, accompanied by dizziness and skin rash.
Yarrow garden seed cultivation
→ Healing herbs → Yarrow
The beneficial properties of garden yarrow are well known to everyone, so many people want to know how to grow it from seeds on the site. This unpretentious plant has whitish inflorescences and reaches a height of 800 mm.
In ancient times, the plant was grown specifically in monasteries, for use in medicinal purposes. But then they began to create decorative varieties for garden plots.
Over 20 species of this herb are used worldwide for decorative purposes.
- Yarrow garden photo
- Yarrow Cultivation and Care
- Growing from seed
- Yarrow garden and its cultivation
All yarrows grow well in the sun, but can grow in a small shade. The soil does not have to be fertile; plants prefer slightly moist loams.
Yarrow Cultivation and Care
Yarrow can serve as a great decoration for any garden. This plant has medicinal, spicy and decorative functions. It is favorable to drought and lives longer on poor soils.
This plant does not require increased attention. It is very easy to care for him:
- In the dry period, it can be watered once a week, and if the weather is cloudy and rainy is extremely rare.
- It is necessary to remove the flowering inflorescences in time and feed them 2 times per season with complex fertilizers.
- When the cold comes, the stems should be cut to a height of 150 mm.
Note! Be sure to control the growth of this plant, otherwise he will begin to seeded on the site. Yarrow can be dried and used to make tea.
Growing from seed
Growing is carried out from seeds. It can be propagated by dividing the shrubs and grafting. Gardeners are advised to plant the plant with the help of seeds of different varieties. Inflorescences of various shades look more impressive. Sowing should be done at the very end of winter. Yarrow has a very long growing season.
First you need to plant seeds for seedlings.
- seeds are planted in a shallow box, where a mixture of sand and fine-grained substrate is laid out beforehand,
- seeds are planted at a depth of 2 cm,
- After planting, moisten the soil.
After about 11 days, the first shoots should appear.
Tip! It is worth performing a pick after the appearance of the first shoots. This procedure will help stimulate growth, and strengthen the roots.
When the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, they should be planted in open ground. Usually this is the end of April. Place for planting should be prepared and dig holes 100 mm deep. Then plant the seedlings and water.
Yarrow will bloom by the end of the summer season, but not much. Magnificently this plant will bloom next year.
Yarrow garden and its cultivation
This plant is suitable for the garden, as it forms dense and lush thickets. It has growing neat bushes and clear forms. Yarrow garden will look great against the backdrop of brightly blooming perennials: delphiniums, violets and bluebells.
Tip! If the stems are not cut in the fall, the grass will decorate the garden during the cold season.
This plant looks great in the compositions of bouquets and retains freshness for a long time. Ordinary yarrow can decorate the interior of the apartment. In dried form, it also looks good in a bouquet.
Alternatively, can be grown in group plantings. For example, with other perennial plants. Low-growing varieties can be planted on various stony hills or in mixed flower beds.
Culture is growing rapidly, so it is better to plant it at a distance of 35 cm from each other.
Important! Of all the varieties of yarrow, the type of ptarmika grows the most.
At one place the bushes can be within 5 years. Then they can be seated, divided into parts. Yarrow is popular with gardeners because of its amazing ability to pick sulfur from the soil and help other plants to assimilate it well.
He has a lot of advantages and merits. He is able to maintain decorative properties throughout the season, and very bright and long blooms. Yarrow does not require special care. If you control its growth, you can create on your site a magnificent natural garden.
Sowing in the ground
How to sow yarrow in the ground photo
- You can sow yarrow seeds in open ground before winter in late autumn.
- A bed is prepared in advance, well leveled so that there are no dimples.
- Make small grooves at a distance of 15-20 cm, sow less often, preferably at a distance of 4-5 cm.
- Rows are closed with a rake and left until spring, after mulching the bed with humus.
- Spring shoots thinned twice, leaving a distance of 8-10 cm for stunted varieties and 20-25 cm for tall.
Sowing on seedlings
How to grow seedlings of yarrow photo
Start sowing yarrow on seedlings start in late February. Take a fertile soil, mix with coarse sand, fill the box with the mixture.
- Sow seeds in rows, keeping a distance of 3-4 cm.
- Dip the seeds into the soil by 0.5-1 cm.
- Spray the soil out of the pulveler.
- Cover crops with a film, daily air, periodically moisten the soil.
- Germinate in a warm place with diffused light.
- Shoots will appear in 10-14 days.
- With the advent of 2 true leaves, spread out in separate containers (ideal for peat pots).
How to plant seedlings in the ground
Replace the yarrow seedlings in the open ground in late April-early May.
Make a hole about 10 cm deep and place a peat pot with a seedling there or roll it over with an earthen clod, if planted in plastic containers.
Sprinkle the soil, gently seal the soil around the root collar. Pour over. The distance between low-growing bushes is 8-10 cm to get a solid carpet, or 20-25 cm for tall varieties.
Watering and feeding
- If the weather is dry, water once a week. The rest of the time is settled by precipitation.
- In private dressing does not need. Feed twice a season with complex mineral fertilizer (in early spring before flowering and during flowering).
- Do not recommend feeding organic.
Sanitary pruning and grass collection
Regularly remove faded buds. This contributes to the emergence of new ones, and also protects them from unwanted self-seeding.
Collection of inflorescences for further use in medicinal purposes is carried out directly during flowering. Cut them, dry, store in a paper envelope.
In the fall, cut off the shoots, leaving a length of 10-15 cm. The plant is cold-resistant, but if cold winter is foreseen, grumble the soil with dry leaves.
Every 5 years, the plant should be transplanted with the division of the bush.
Yarrow decorative in landscape design
Yarrow is decorative throughout the season: in early spring greenery appears, which does not fade even with the onset of cold weather, in summer the bushes are richly covered with bright inflorescences.
Yarrow in mixborder photo of flowers
Planted yarrow groups, combining different colors. It will be beautiful combination with Veronikastrum, crocosmia, ratibida, zinnias.
Yarrow Ageratistale Achillea ageratifolia photo with other colors
Low-growing varieties can be planted as ground cover, framed borders, decorate lawns, lawns. Tall look good in mixborders, alpine slides, rocky gardens.
What to plant yarrow white photo of flowers in the garden
Good neighbors will be ornamental cereals, plants with silver leaf color (Veronica gray, wormwood).
Yarrow combination with other colors photo
It is combined with carnation, grass, bells, lavender, ayuga, catnies, sage, buzulnik, liatris, foxglove, wichi, garden roses, dolphinium.
The best varieties of decorative yarrow with photos and names
Yarrow ornamental variety Achillea ‘Salmon Beauty’ photo
Yarrow Ornamental Grade Achillea ‘Royal Tapestry’ photo
Yarrow decorative variety Achillea x millefolium Red Velvet ’
Yarrow decorative variety Achillea x millefolium Anthea ’photo
Yarrow decorative variety Paprika Achillea x millefolium ‘Paprika’ photo
Siberian Yarrow Achillea sibirica ‘Love Parade’ photo
Yarrow garden variety Achillea millefolium ‘Summer Pastels’ photo
Yarrow garden variety ‘Moonshine’ and ‘Coronation Gold’ flowerbed photo
Yarrow garden variety Achillea millefolium ‘Rose Madder’ photo
First meeting. How I planted yarrow
Sowed in the middle of April in a small bowl with light soil, sprinkled the seeds with sand. The recommendations on the package read: seeds require prior stratification within a month.
It should be said that at that time I didn’t have any serious experience in growing perennials from seeds, and the prospect of keeping a bowl of seeds in the fridge for a month didn’t cause any enthusiasm. I decided to do without the unexplored procedure of stratification and, having covered the dish with plastic wrap, put it on a well-lit window-sill along with other seedlings.
Days after 10 seeds together ascended. Very soon, the dense shoots became crowded in a bowl. The seedlings were elongated, weak, so even they did not dare to plant them.
In mid-June, when all the seedlings of flowers had already been planted in open ground, I finally got to the sufferers of young yarrow. All the flower arrangements were already thought out, the plants took the planned places, and the yarrow, the possibilities of which I had little idea then, spread out several things in different places of the flower garden, where empty places remained.
The seedlings gradually "cheered up", curled, although they still differed little from the "savages" behind the fence. By the end of the summer, pretty openwork bushes had formed, and I began to wrestle with where to take the yarrow to a permanent place?
Where I still planted yarrow
One of the corners of our garden, open to the eyes of passers-by, I could not manage to transform - the roots of a huge old poplar growing in a neighboring front garden, penetrated the soil in this area with a network, absolutely not allowing flowers to grow. And now I had the idea to outwit the roots of the poplar aggressor by making a rocky hill at this place.
Conceived, made! Having leveled the plot, he poured on it three large heaps of earth mixed with sand and fine rubble. Future slides poured water to the ground settled and compacted.
What will grow here, attracting the views of passersby? We have a flower garden on the west side, the plants have enough sunlight, but on this piece of land in the shadow of the old poplar I did not hope for lush flowering. And then I remembered the yarrow, scattered throughout the flower garden, frankly, anywhere.
She dug lush bushes, divided them and planted them on the newly appeared “relief”, poured and covered the soil with sand. In "support" to the yarrow, he planted the remains of akvilegiya and viola seedlings.Plants overlaid with beautiful stones of various sizes and shapes, all the soil covered with coarse sand and rubble.
Planted plants went into growth, pansies bloomed and stood in bloom until the snow. On the two largest yarrow bushes, inflorescences also began to form, but did not have time to bloom. The plants went under the snow with green leaves.
Yarrow after winter
All the plants planted on the hill successfully overwintering, and already in May, the previously unattractive site was unrecognizable - the lush yarrow bushes, lace leaves of aquilegia and bright flowers of violets looked wonderful against the background of stones, drawing attention to this corner of the flower garden.
Yarrow did not grow by leaps and bounds, increasing the green mass, and was not at all sad because of the heat, but it reacted perfectly to the irrigation - individual bushes "wiggled" almost up to a meter in height. And in the middle of June, all the bushes, one by one, bloomed.
It turned out to be a real “summer tale” - this is the name of my yarrow variety.
Pinkish-purple, orange, soft and thick pink, huge caps of inflorescences, gradually revealing the whole mass of flowers, looked simply luxurious!
But the bushes with yellow flowers attracted the most attention - they seemed to glow in the sun, reflecting its rays. And what indescribable fragrance of this flower! Sweet, honey, with a barely perceptible bitterness of tart wormwood spirit.
Species Yarrow Diversity
Decorative, selection varieties of Yarrow, differ in growth, crown shape, size of inflorescences and their color. Unlike the natural, Yarrow decorative is larger, and its inflorescences often have a size of up to 10 centimeters in diameter. The following Yarrow varieties are most popular:
- Ptarmika and Ptarmikolistny,
- Pearl oyster.
All these varieties of plants are different not only in growth, but also in the color of inflorescences and their size.
For example, Parmika, one of the most sought-after varieties, is distinguished by small leaves and creeping roots, and its growth often reaches a meter in height.
Such Yarrow blooms with pearly flowers, placed on large hemispherical inflorescences. Such inflorescences often form clusters of the order of 20 centimeters in diameter, and sometimes more.
This is far from everything described by Yarrow plant breeding plants, there are many more. And in spite of such diversity, absolute leadership belongs to Yarrow.
Its stems and foliage are painted in rich fresh green color, which makes the plant aesthetic even during the periods between flowering. Planting this plant perfectly decorate any site, starting in early spring and late autumn.
At the same time, care is almost not required.
Like most of these plants, Yarrow propagates by the seed method, cuttings or division of the bush. Each method of planting has its advantages and disadvantages and is used with different success in different conditions.
For example, in the conditions of home cultivation, the method of cultivation of yarrow seeds is best suited, but on open ground the plant multiplies mainly by dividing the bush.
The cuttings are carried out according to the standard procedure - cuttings with 2 - 3 leaves are cut in early spring and placed in the supply substrate until the root system appears. When the plant gets stronger, it is transferred to the ground, to a permanent place of cultivation, where for the first time it requires regular care.
This method of reproduction is the most difficult, but it allows you to get a more interesting result. There are a lot of ready-made yarrow seeds, and if you sow them on the same bed, you get a very colorful and interesting interior.
Sowing should be done in early spring - at the very beginning of March. Since the seeds of the plant are very small, it will be more convenient to mix them before sowing with dry sand. The soil for seeding should also be light and breathable. It would be nice if, before sowing, the soil in the pot for cultivation will be prepared - the earth is mixed with sand and fertilized with peat.
So, the seeds are sown, lightly sprinkled with soil and sent to a bright place. It is advisable to arrange natural lighting, but if this is not possible or not enough, you can use garden lamps from a specialized store as a light source. The spectrum of their radiation most closely matches the natural.
If the care of crops is carried out correctly, after about a week and a half the first shoots will appear - very delicate and thin.
As they grow, leaves appear and, when most of the seedlings have two leaves, the seedlings are sorted and the strongest and healthiest are planted, each in a separate container, for example, in disposable plastic cups.
During this period, you need to make sure that the soil is constantly wet, but not wet, and the temperature does not fall below 16 - 18 ° C, otherwise there is a risk of ruining the seedlings.
Strengthened seedlings can be planted in open ground, so that their roots are at the same depth as in the nurseries. It is worth considering the weather and planting seedlings only when the risk of night frost disappears and a stable warm spring is established.
If different varieties of Yarrow are grown in large areas, it will be better if they are arranged in groups, with a small distance between them - about half a meter. This arrangement will allow the plants to develop better, and besides the glade will be brighter and more fun.
Caring for Yarrow Planted in the Garden
Yarrow, you can safely put in the top ten of the most hardy and unpretentious of all cultivated in the vast expanses of our country.
Yarrow grows in the scorching sun and in the shade, easily tolerates drought and is completely undemanding to the quality of the soil. Perhaps the only thing he doesn’t like much is a regular oversupply of moisture.
And in this situation, the plant does not die, but at the same time loses its brightness and attractiveness.
Due to the simplicity of the plant, it is difficult to advise anything on the subject of care - it is scanty. For the healthy state of Yarrow, it is enough to keep the soil moist. In the summer, on hot days, watering should be carried out daily, and during periods of colder and more humid - as needed.
To maintain the aesthetic characteristics of the plant, you need to care for the crown of the bush - remove the flowers that have faded, and once a season you can feed the soil with complex compositions with organic matter and minerals. Last, it is not at all necessary provided that the soil is not heavy loam, all other types of soil are sufficiently nutritious for this plant.
Preparing for winter is also extremely simple - you just need to cut the stems, leaving no more than 15 and at least 10 centimeters on the surface and cover the ground near the trunk with dead foliage. The latter is justified only in the case of very cold winters.
Perhaps you can name only one, but a significant drawback of Yarrow. With its uncontrolled reproduction, problems arise with self-sowing - it captures almost all the free space. To avoid this, you need to regularly weed the beds, and overgrown bushes at least once every three years to divide and seat.
In addition to the decorative and healing properties, Yarrow grass is used in the following situations directly related to gardening:
- If it is necessary to combat insect pests, Yarrow can become an indispensable plant, as it produces repellent substances that scare harmful mosquitoes, mosquitoes, flies and even ants and aphids,
- Yarrow can be the basis for nutrient feeding of garden plants and even a component of high-quality compost.
Yarrow vs. Aphid
To combat garden aphids, use dried grass of yarrow, or rather its ground part. Collect and dry the raw materials needed at the beginning of flowering bush. A kilogram of raw material is poured with two liters of boiling water and steamed in a water bath for at least 40 minutes, after which another 8 liters of water are added and sent to a dark place for two days.
This means is sprayed with foliage and stems of plants affected by aphids - the result is excellent.
Yarrow as a top dressing
The tool is prepared as follows - the container with water is filled with freshly collected (not dried) Yarrow and settled until the raw material is fermented. As a rule, one, maximum two weeks is enough, depending on the ambient temperature.
Such product is good not only for liquid top dressing, but also for pest control.
In the first case, the agent is diluted with water in proportions 1/10, in the second one makes a steeper mixture - 1/5.
Yarrow quality compost
Many gardeners describe the interesting features of Yarrow's grass, inhibit the reproduction of putrefactive bacteria, and, conversely, contribute to enhanced growth and division of bacteria that decompose raw materials in compost production.
In addition, the compost with the addition of Yarrow will be saturated with potassium, calcium compounds, sulfur useful elements that the plant is rich in, and this will very well affect the growth of any plant and even protect it to some extent from pests and diseases.
Yarrow - to help the bees
This herb is marked by beekeepers as a magnificent honey plant, that is, it attracts bees, the main pollinators of all plants. Therefore, even if you plant only a couple of Yarrow bushes on your plot, they will work on the whole plot - more bees, better pollination, which means more harvest.
The use of yarrow in hygienic chemistry
The extracts of this plant are widely used to restore damaged hair. Such problems often arise due to a lack of vitamin A, which Yarrow is rich in. In such a situation, Yarrow extract is what you need. Its use restores dry skin and heals hair, giving it a natural shine.
We give one recipe for the care of damaged hair. We take 10 grams of dry color of Yarrow and pour a quarter of a liter of boiling water, then wrap up the heat and insist for an hour. After cooling the infusion, we filter through gauze and rub two tablespoons at a time into the roots of the hair, and an hour before washing your hair you need to wet your hair with this infusion.
After shampooing your hair, wash it off and rinse the infusion diluted in water - 2 spoons per liter of water.