Garden

Easy care and cultivation of streptocarpus at home

Streptokarpus - a representative of the Gesneriyev family, is rapidly gaining popularity among gardeners. Blooms profusely and for a long time, the colors are bright, interesting. In the wild, it is common in the forested mountains of South Africa and on the island of Madagascar.

There are about 130 wild-growing streptokarpusov with not particularly decorative, but they are actively used by breeders to breed new varieties and hybrids. Over the past few years, the number of hybrids has exceeded a thousand copies.

Growing Streptocarpella at home

Of all the flowering abundance of room vegetation, many growers prefer streptocarpus. These bright multi-colored flowerpots are of interest not only for their unusual deep color, but also for their abundant long flowering, ease of planting and care. We will understand in more detail what a streptocarppella flower needs for full-fledged vegetation at home, how to propagate it and extend its flowering.

Botanical description

In the scientific literature of these herbaceous rosette representatives of the Gesneriev family, they are called “streptocarpus” and “streptocarpellas”, and among people they are referred to as abbreviated “strep”.

Externally, the plant is a low leafy rosette with short, heavily pubescent stalks. Powerful flower stalks with bright buds appear in its core.

When they fully open, the flowers resemble bells. Petals are often heterogeneous in color and shape, they can be decorated with fringe, various specks, banding, terry, corrugations and intricate bends. The foliage at the flowerpot is large and fleshy with clear veins, which gives it a slight wrinkling. The middle leaf plate is about 7 cm wide and 15 cm long, but there are twice as many specimens.

Blue, purple, mauve, white velvety petals look very impressive against a dark green saturated background. The main secret of the plant lies in the abundant intensive flowering - with one outlet at the same time up to hundreds of peduncles can appear. Isn’t flower growers dreaming about this?

In the wild, the plant is found on the coasts of Madagascar and South Africa, but, despite its tropical origin, it easily develops in apartment conditions.

Today, scientists have more than 130 types of streptocarpus, and breeders in recent years have multiplied their thousands of hybrids, which can turn the head of even the most indifferent to plants plants of society.

Choosing a place for a flower

With the room maintenance of a tropical guest, it is necessary to create conditions as close as possible to the relatives. To do this, it is important to take into account the temperature, humidity in the room, lighting, the composition of the earth mixture, and even the size of the pot for planting a flower.

It is only at first sight that streptokarpella seems capricious, but in fact its cultivation has much in common with the synpolies and does not require extraordinary efforts or supernatural knowledge. We will understand everything in order.

Air humidity and temperature

Perhaps this is one of the key requirements of a thermophilic flower. For its development, it is important that the room is warm and humid. In the period from spring to October, when the pot flowers, the optimum temperature of the air in the room should fluctuate within +22. +24 ° C, and in winter, when streptocarpus goes into hibernation, it will suit the reduced performance of the thermometer to +15 ° C for ordinary and to +18 ° C for hybrid varieties.

In the hot season, the foliage of a flower often loses its decorative effect and wilts. To correct the anomaly can only increase the humidity in the apartment.This is the first sign of the wrong content of a green pet.

For its comfort, it is important to provide a moist atmosphere, but standard spraying is not suitable in this case. The fact is that a plant, like violets, reacts painfully when water gets on the foliage.

Therefore, experts recommend near the pot to put a container with water. This could be a wet clay pan, a vase or even an aquarium.

Streptokarpelly prefer eastern and western window sills, where there is always a lot of light. But keep in mind: they will not have the liking of the sun. Therefore, do not expose the culture under direct sunlight, and if necessary shade the windows.

For full development and abundant flowering streptocarpus requires 14-hour daily coverage.

The quick growth of the pot will provide a well-chosen substrate. First, it should be light and loose. Secondly, with a neutral acid reaction. And, thirdly, it is good to pass moisture and air.

To satisfy all these whims, experts advise to buy special soil mixtures, and before planting the plants, cover the bottom of the container with a 2-centimeter ball of expanded clay. Some gardeners supplement the purchase substrate with sphagnum moss, perlite, peat, vermiculite. If you dare to prepare the substrate yourself, stock up with 1 cup of crushed charcoal and equal parts of top peat, perlite, coniferous humus and chernozem. Young instances can not add the last component.

Rules for the care of streptocarpella

When growing at home, streptokarpella requires a bit of attention and elementary care, so with the help of a photo we will teach you how to properly organize it and analyze vital aspects for a flower.

This mysterious Madagascar exotic loves moisture, but does not tolerate its excess. Experienced growers ensure that water does not fall on the plant during humidifying procedures, especially in the core of the outlet.

Watering is carried out at the edges of the pot exclusively with a watering can with a long curved spout. Water defended without fail and give it the opportunity to warm up to room temperature.

The number of irrigations per week depends on the state of the earth in the pot. The flower is drought-resistant, so periodic drying will benefit only. In this case, it is better to overdry, rather than pour. In addition, short-term drying of earthy coma will prevent the development of pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases. With the stagnation of water in streptokarpus, in the first place, the root system suffers. As a result, through its decay, the pot is killed.

Do not be alarmed with a slight wilting of foliage. To restore the plant really by intensive soil moistening. In this case, you will need to water the roots every 3 hours.

In order for the indoor pet to enjoy endless flowering and beautiful healthy foliage, it is important nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. For young seedlings, these components are bred in equal shares, and for mature ones they increase the dose of phosphorus-potassium mixture.

The more often you feed a flower, the more intensively it will increase biomass, on which the number of buds directly depends. Experts advise weekly watering strep nutrient mixture, each time reducing the dosage of the constituent components.

The change of the pot and the substrate, these representatives Gisnerievyh only welcome. But it is recommended to carry out transplants only to the extent necessary. The procedure needs to be planned in February, before the beginning of the growing season, and do not forget that only strongly expanded specimens with large leaves and a rosette are exposed to it.

For such samples, containers are sought that are 2-3 cm lighter in diameter than the previous one. At the same time, the width of the pot should be one and a half times greater than its depth.

The flowerpot is well watered and, when the water is completely absorbed by the roots, they roll over along with the earthy ball into a new vessel.Just remember to cover the bottom with a drainage layer. The free space is filled with fresh soil, watered, tamped and lay the top layer of peat moss-sphagnum.

Breeding methods

Getting new strep seedlings is not as easy as violet. But, if you make a little effort and apply agronomic knowledge, it is quite realistic at home. We will understand what the florist should know and be able to do.

The most elementary and easy method of reproduction is considered by many to be the division of the root of a mature flowerpot during its transplantation. Whether a particular instance is suitable for such a manipulation can be determined by the presence of several bushes in a pot.

In this case, take into account that taking away from the mother sample of children, you impoverish the pomp of its flowering. The buds will badly tie, so do not allow strong thickening.

To divide the rhizome should be disinfected in a manganese solution with a sharp knife. First of all, shake the ground from the roots, and then cut them into pieces according to the points of growth. Before planting, it is advisable to sprinkle the cuts with wood ash.

Another technology of cultivation of this culture is rooting a leaf or any of its fragments that are not less than 2 cm long. To this end, a small plastic cup is taken with a drainage layer and the corresponding substrate, as well as planting material.

Landing is made to a depth of 1 cm. The container should be covered with polyethylene and be sure to put in a warm place. New shoots seem in a month. Multiply streptokarpella possible and seed method. It is chosen by experienced craftsmen with a baggage of special knowledge, since there are few chances for beginners. To obtain the grains, you will need 2 pot, you can of different types and varieties. A few months after their pollination, the seeds begin to ripen.

Its contents are best sown in peat tablets. They are placed in a plastic container and moistened. After the material swells, we deepen the seed, cover it with an identical capacity, and send such a “greenhouse” to a well-lit window sill or under artificial lamps.

Do not place containers in direct sunlight - high temperatures and accumulated condensate will destroy the seedlings.

To get a new process of strep can be done by pinching its sheet. The cutting with this method of reproduction does not tear off, but makes a small cut on it and tilts it to the ground. After a month and a half from the place of the cross section, young leaves will appear.

Are there any pests and diseases?

Unfortunately, not only people feel sympathy for delightful colors. Spider mites and thrips love to eat their juice. Also, the plant can infect late blight, powdery mildew, and gray rot.

To prevent the development of large colonies of pests and pathogens, regularly inspect the outer and inner sides of the leaves. Do not allow overmoistening and overheating of the flower.

If symptoms of thrips are found, it will be necessary to remove all flower stalks, regardless of their degree of development, and treat the outlet with any insecticide (Fitoverm, Spintor, Aktara, Aktellik). These drugs will help get rid of other sucking parasites. For the final victory over them will need 3 sprinkles at intervals of 7 days.

In addition, when transplanting a flowerpot to a new substrate, it is advisable to add the “Barrier” or “Zaslon” preparations. They help the roots to resist the gray rot.

Sick plants must be isolated from other indoor pets, remove the affected areas and treat them. If you cannot achieve the desired result, pinch off a healthy, strong leaf and try to grow a new streptocarpus out of it.

This mysterious flower will thank you for half a year for elementary care and a drop of attention, and if you try a little more, you will get double gratitude.

Photo streptokarpusa with proper care at home

Streptokarpus houses can be grown on an east or west window. In the back of the room, a special spectrum lamp and an ordinary fluorescent lamp will be required. On the south window in the summer will require shading, on the north - the light is not enough. Direct sunlight will ruin the leaves and flowers. Like many ornamental plants, streptocarpus in the care and cultivation does not tolerate drafts and stagnant water in the pot.

Humidity in 60-70% will create a comfortable environment. Will help the pallet with pebbles and moss. In winter, the flower will gain strength for flowering, if it is kept at a temperature of 16-18 degrees, excluding top dressing and reducing watering. A month and a half of rest is enough for the plant to recover. In addition, the flower needs determining factors:

  • the right substrate
  • watering and fertilizer
  • transplanting
  • reproduction.

Container and soil composition for streptocarpus

A distinctive feature in the good care of streptocarpus at home is the rapid growth of the bush. Pots required low, but wide. There must be a drainage, the layer will be about 2 cm. Transplant the plant at the end of winter and again after six months. The best way to transplant - transfer to a large container.

The main condition - the soil should not be compacted, remain light and breathable. Normal ground for seedlings should be half diluted with sand or perlite, chopped moss, vermiculite

The plant can be grown in peat. Peat-based soil should always be wet. Upon drying, this substrate forms a monolith. Any soil for indoor plants, even purchased, must be sterilized.

Irrigation and humidification mode

Growing healthy streptokarpus and care for them are associated with proper wetting of plants. It is considered normal to water through the drain hole. Well organize the moistening of the earth through the wick. In this case, the constant flow of capillary moisture makes the soil consistently wet. With the top irrigation water should be poured along the walls of the pots, trying not to fall on the leaves and flowers.

Streptocarpus is watered with soft warm water. If the plant has lowered the leaves due to drying out of the ground, elasticity will be restored, but the drooping flowers will have to be cut, they are lost.

Spraying in the form of fog streptokarpus likes, but water droplets on the leaves can lead to ugly spots. For humidity, it is appropriate to keep the flower pot on the tray with a humidifier. The saucer with water installed near the plant will also help.

Power Requirements

Young shrub quickly growing after breeding requires nitrogen supplements. But they should be reduced as a percentage when the buds appear. Now streptokarpus needs phosphorus and potassium. From ready-made formulations for indoor plants, the “New Ideal” fertilizer is first used, and later the fertilizers are used for beautifully flowering plants of the “Super flowering”, “Fialochka” series and the like. Fertilize the plant once a week, alternating between different formulations. During the rest period, fertilizing is not done.

It is better to reduce the recommended doses of fertilizer twice. If during this period the plant actively grows the leaves, this is normal. From the bosom of each leaf there will be a flower stalk. Therefore, the lower leaves, in which the peduncle has already faded, must be removed, carefully cutting off with a sharp knife. Watch a video on how to care for streptocarpus and grow a spectacular bush.

Pests and diseases of streptokarpus

Powdery mildew and gray mold can become diseases affecting the plant. If a piece of leaf seems to have been powdered with white dust, it is Mealy dew. Under a touch ulcers appear and the sheet will die. The disease spreads quickly and all home flowers are at risk. Therefore, you need to cut the affected leaf and process the plants with Topaz, it is a fungicide of directional action.

A no less formidable disease of streptocarpus is gray rot, covering all parts of the plant with a gray fluffy coating.Such a plant should be washed under a warm shower and treated with a fungicide. in the case of new foci, repeat processing.

The conditions for fungal diseases are excessive watering, keeping in cold conditions, or vice versa, creating a greenhouse effect. It is necessary to normalize temperature and humidity, and the diseases will recede.

Of insect pests especially streptocarpus annoying spider mite. It starts up in dry air, spreads very quickly on the back of the sheet. Sucking the juice, he covers the sheet with spiderweb, in which numerous members of the colony swarm. As a result, the leaf is paler, yellowing, dries. To save a flower, it must be isolated and freed from flowers. Three times in 7-10 days to treat one of the insecticidal drugs. The top layer of earth is also sprayed. At this time, you need to strengthen the control of the state of other plants. Pest omnivorous.

Exactly the same operations are carried out in the case of thrips.

Streptocarpus reproduction

An important condition for the spread of culture is its ability to reproduce. Considered flower breeds:

  • dividing the bush
  • seeds
  • leaf plate.

The easiest method of reproduction is to divide the bush during transplantation. The bush flower expands due to the growth of lateral formed bushes and is easily divided into parts. By dividing the bush rejuvenates.

It is possible at home growing streptokarpus lead from seeds. Very small seeds, marketed dredged. Sowing is superficial, but since the shell needs to be destroyed, the top layer of the earth must be wet. You can get new copies with unexpected colors all year round. From sowing to flowering takes 7 months. Seedlings need additional lighting in the winter. More often streptokarpus multiply sheet.

Here, the property of all the Hesnerian is used to regenerate the roots of a part of the leaf plate. For reproduction, a healthy ripe leaf and a razor are taken to cut fragments, as in the photo. Plant a cutting in the soaked peat tablet and wait for the result. Young shoots formed around the leaf are planted in separate cups.

There is a “Toaster” method, when only a central vein is removed from a single sheet and longitudinal strips are arranged in a mini table, for example, a box from under the roll. We seal and spray the landing, in the future we continue to create dampness in the box. There will be a lot of kids who need to sit down.

Easy care, easy breeding streptokarpus available even for beginners.

Streptocarpus Description

Streptocarpus has no stem. Its leaves are fleshy, long, covered with soft nap, gather in a large outlet.

Almost from every bosom of the leaf sprout grows, covered with many flowers. Elite varieties have about 80 flowers on one peduncle.

After flowering, the fruit appears - a twisted box with small seeds.

How blooms

The flowers are bell-shaped, the color is varied: white, pink, purple, purple, with stains, speckled, 2-3 shades can be combined.

The corolla is usually large, about 8 cm in diameter, but there are species covered with small white flowers. There is a pattern: the smaller the rim size, the more colors.

There are hybrid forms with double flowers.

The leaves can be up to 50 cm in length, color from light green to dark, there are variegated.

Air temperature

Streptokarpus loves warmth. For the plant, the air temperature will be optimal at 22–25 ° C. In winter, when the flower goes into a state of rest, it is recommended to lower the temperature to 14 ° C. The plant tolerates intense heat hard.

The plant does not tolerate drafts, but in the summer it can be carried out on the balcony or placed on an open window, only cover the sash at night or carry it into the room.

Good light is important too. Light is needed diffused, the length of daylight should be 12-14 hours.

In the summer, expose to the western or eastern windows. On the north side of the world will always be missed, and on the south you need protection from direct sunlight.

For lighting, you can use fitolampy.

Watering also has its own specifics. It is absolutely impossible to flood the plant. If you leave, or forget to pour streptocarpus, then after receiving moisture, it will be restored. But if the soil is highly watery, the plant will become sick and may even die.

To streptokarpusu was comfortable:

  • The root system of streptocarpus is more developed in width, shallow. It is necessary to choose not a high pot, but a wide bowl.
  • Properly pick up the soil, it should be quite loose, light. You can take the usual land and add 1 part of perlite, deep-fiber peat or sphagnum moss.
  • Water moderately. About once every two days will be enough. Use the bottom watering through the pan or add water from above, moving along the edge of the pot so that water does not fall on the leaves. Lime is harmful to the plant, so for watering use at least a day’s settled water.
  • Spray the plant can not. To increase the level of air humidity, you can place an aquarium near the plant, a container with water or wet expanded clay.

To streptokarpus bloomed

  • To ensure abundant and prolonged flowering, it is necessary to transplant streptokarpus each year in a new substrate.
  • Large leaves need a lot of nutrition. During the periods between transplants, apply fertilizers containing potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus. Nitrogen promotes good leaf growth, phosphorus and potassium help ensure stable flowering.

General information

In the wild, there are about 140 species of culture. They grow in the mountains and rainforests of Africa, Asia and Madagascar.

There are among moisture-loving streptocarpus and xerophytes, adapted to live without water. They are also annuals that grow in the forests, near water.

At home, the culture is bred for a long time, although in comparison with violets, whose relative it is, the flower does not enjoy particular popularity. However, if you dream of a beautiful perennial whose care, even a beginning gardener can carry out, then you definitely need to replenish your green collection with it.

Varieties of streptokarpus with photo and name

Streptokarpus Mozart - plant belonging to the variety dimetris. It has long stable flower stalks and large oval leafy plates of dark green color with a wavy edge. The inflorescences are large, purple hue. The upper petals of the flower are smooth and the lower ones have a textured mesh. The middle of the flower is yellow. The socket is average. Flowering time lasts from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn.

Streptokarpus Black Swan - the flower has a neat, small rosette and oval, with a pronounced venation, green leafy plates. The plant has not high, sturdy flower stalks. The inflorescences are large, velvet, dark purple with ruched petals. Streptokarpus blooms from early spring to late fall.

Streptokarpus Eternity - The plant has a neat rosette and oval, long, large dark green leaves. Inflorescences of a reddish-terracotta shade with a dark edge of densely terry petals.

Streptokarpus Fifa - has a compact outlet and thin, long stalks. Leaf plates are dark green, oval, large. The inflorescences are large, fringed, with pinkish raspberry upper and netted raspberry white lower petals. Flowers have a light aroma and do not fall for a long time.

Streptokarpus Dimetris - culture, a variety of which has more than twenty varieties with different colors. The leaf plates of the plant are large, oval-shaped, dark green. The socket at streptokarpus average. The inflorescences are large, of different shades from snow white to almost black. There are two-colored varieties.

Streptokarpus Pink Dreams

The outlet of the plant is small, compact, stalks are long, thin. The sheet plates have an elliptical shape and a dark green tint. Inflorescences of soft pink color with corrugated edges. The lower petals are decorated with crimson mesh.

Streptokarpus Shayk - culture has medium terry, inflorescences of maroon color with slight white specks and divorces. Peduncles long, thin. Each with 1-3 flowers. The socket is neat. Leaf plates are short, soft, wide. Flowering time of streptocarpus lasts from spring to autumn.

Streptokarpus Crystal Lace - the socket at the flower is compact, the leaf plates are green, hard, drooping. Inflorescences are large with corrugated edges of a blue shade. The upper petals are blue, the lower ones are decorated with a thin lilac-blue mesh on a yellow background.

Streptokarpus Frosty Patterns - The plant has flower stalks of medium length, on which are located a pair of flowers with wavy petals of purple hue and a white-purple grid. The sheet plates are quilted, green with a wavy edge.

Streptokarpus Kata Tjuta - The culture has large, dark green oval leaves with a pointed end and long peduncles, on which there are several inflorescences with scarlet-yellow flowers. The upper petals of the flowers have a scarlet hue and corrugated edges, while the lower ones have a yellow shade with a scarlet mesh.

Streptokarpus Chicken

The leaf plates of the plant are long, elliptical, dark green. Peduncles of medium length with several lemon-colored inflorescences with frilly edges. From the middle of the flower there are blue stripes.

Streptokarpus Omut - The culture has wide, not long, rounded green leafy plates. On thin, elastic peduncles of medium length appear from two to four dark purple inflorescences with wavy, toothed petals with blue specks. Culture blooms from early spring to late fall.

Streptokarpus Stribog - the plant has not high, elastic flower stalks, a compact rosette and elliptical long leafy plates of a dark green shade. The inflorescences are large, pale yellow in color with a blue border around the edge of the wavy petals. The middle of the flower is dark with black rays emerging from it.

Streptokarpus Valor - The culture has large inflorescences of an unusual shade. The upper petals with wavy edges have white color, and the bottom yellow with purple stripes and specks. The leaves are large, long, dark green, the outlet is medium.

Streptokarpus Lolita - the flower has wide, dark green leafy plates with wavy edges and peduncles of medium length with large inflorescences. The upper wavy petals of the flower are white, and the lower ones are purple with white specks and a net. The socket is average.

Streptocarpus Hypnosis

The inflorescences of this variety of culture are located on the middle peduncle, coming out of a compact sheet rosette. Flowers are large, with corrugated purple-black petals with dark red and purple splashes. The middle of the flower is light, with white rays emerging from it. The leaves of streptocarpus are dark green, long with wavy edges.

Streptokarpus Meteoric Rain - The plant has small oval, glossy, dark green leaves, a compact rosette and short peduncles. Inflorescences are small with wavy edges. Upper petals are blue with cream specks, lower creamy yellow with blue edging. Flowering plant from spring to autumn.

Streptokarpus Falls - The culture has a neat rosette, elliptical, dark green leaves with corrugated edges and small peduncles. Inflorescence pale lilac. The lower petals have a white tint with lilac mesh. Inflorescences have a light, pleasant aroma and do not fall for a long time.

Streptokarpus Margarita - The plant has large, elliptical leaf plates of green shade and medium thin peduncles.The inflorescences are large, fringed ruby-red hue with a pronounced mesh on the petals.

Streptokarpus Smoke - the flower has large inflorescences with wavy edges of white-purple hue. The upper petal is pale lilac, and the lower is white with black rays. The leaf plates are long, dark green, elliptical. Peduncles average, compact socket.

Streptokarpus Karamelka

The plant has drooping, long, elliptical, green leaves, short peduncle and compact rosette. Two-colored inflorescences with corrugated petals. The upper petals are pink, the lower caramel-cream with purple stripes.

Streptokarpus Kalahari - The culture has large, red-yellow flowers. The upper petals are dark crimson, and the lower yellow with crimson stripes and light reticulation. Peduncles short, leafy plates wide, dark green, long.

Streptokarpus Gina - the flower has large, wide, long green leafy plates and short peduncles. Inflorescences average with wavy petals. The upper petals are white, and the lower yellow with a purple grid and stripes.

Streptokarpus Wat Mandarinka - The plant has long, drooping, dark green leaves and low peduncles, which bloom in several large inflorescences. The upper petals are white with a slight pinkish tinge, and the lower ones are white with a salmon net.

Streptokarpus Hot Chocolate - culture has large, elliptical, glossy leaf plates and medium, thin peduncles. The inflorescences are small, the color of dark chocolate with a reddish tint with white stripes in the middle. Streptokarpus blooms of this variety from spring to mid-autumn.

Types of Streptocarpus

This amazing abundantly flowering plant is divided into three types.

  • Univalent - these cultures have only one leaf plate, which will grow to a meter in length and up to 60 centimeters in width. In the process of growth, two more leaves appear, but they remain in an embryonic state and do not grow.
  • Rosettes - this type can be found in florists most often. These plants have beautiful, large inflorescences that are located on long or short peduncles growing from one outlet.
  • Stem - for these varieties is characterized by abundant flowering, but the inflorescences are very small.

In room conditions often rosette cultures. They do not need a large area, as they feel great on the windowsill.

Streptokarpus care and cultivation at home

Streptokarpus light-loving culture. To create a comfortable environment suitable as sunlight and fitolampa. The plant is best placed on the western or eastern windowsill.

It is better not to put streptokarpus on the south window, as it will overheat greatly. To avoid this, it should be pritenyat light fabric. In winter, on the contrary, the plant should be placed in a well-lit place without shade, prolonging daylight with the help of fitolamps.

Culture grows well and develops at room temperature. In summer, the temperature regime should not exceed 25 degrees, and in winter, the thermometer should be maintained at a level not lower than 14 degrees.

It is necessary to take into account the fact that the heat affects streptokarpus badly and can harm him. Therefore, in the summer months, the culture must be kept in a cool, ventilated room. The ideal option would be a balcony.

Humidity in the room should not exceed 70%. If it is lower, install a humidifier. In order for a relative of the violet to grow and develop well, it must be sprayed several times a week.

Violet is also a member of the Gesneriaceae family. Cultivated with care at home without much hassle, if you follow the rules of farming. All the necessary recommendations for growing this plant can be found in this article.

Watering Streptocarpus

Hard water is not suitable for watering the plant, so a few days before watering should be defended or boiled. It is necessary to introduce moisture only along the edge of the pot. When overmoistening, the root system of the culture may rot. Since hybrid varieties of streptocarpus have few leaves, they evaporate moisture in a small amount.

You can also use watering wick way, for this wick is passed through the soil and the drain hole and is lowered into the container with water. The pot should be above the container with moisture.

In winter, the plant should be watered moderately, and in spring and summer, it is necessary to moisten the soil as it dries.

Soil for streptokarpus

The soil for growing a plant should have good breathability. Streptokarpus will be better to grow and develop in the porous earth of a mixture that is well permeable to moisture. Store substrate with peat moss for Saintpaulia is suitable for these beautiful colors.

Also, the earth mixture can be prepared independently. For this purpose it is necessary to take deciduous soil, high peat, small pieces of bark and sand.

You can make the soil from a mixture of equal parts of vermiculite, peat and perlite or hardwood soil, crushed sphagnum, peat and vermiculite.

Streptocarpus Transplantation

Young streptokarpusy grow rapidly and require transplantation annually, while adult bushes should be replanted every two years. Transplantation is carried out in a pot more than the previous one by 4 centimeters in diameter, by transshiping the earth into a coma and filling the free space with the prepared soil.

After transplantation, the plant is watered and carefully tended until it takes root. Acclimatization in a new pot takes about a month.

Streptocarpus pot

Since streptokarpus has large surface roots that quickly fill the planting capacity, small pots are not suitable for it. Plant it in a low, wide plastic pot.

Clay containers are not suitable, as during transplantation, the root system may be damaged. To avoid stagnation of water, you should choose a pot with drainage holes and lay a layer of expanded clay at the bottom of it when transplanting at its bottom.

Fertilizer for streptokarpusov

It is necessary to feed the plant carefully, even though it tolerates top dressing well and often requires it.

To avoid overfeeding the culture, it is necessary to dilute the fertilizer by half the dose indicated on the package. Top dressing should be acquired from the category of those used for flowering plants.

Fertilizer need to be once a week, along with watering. Due to this mode, streptocarpus will increase leaf mass and bloom profusely.

Flowering streptocarpus

The inflorescences of streptocarpus have bell-shaped forms and various colors. They can be white, pink, speckled, purple, dark and two-colored.

Flowers are small, medium and large terry. Culture blooms from early spring to late fall.

Care for streptocarpus during dormancy

In winter, streptocarpus has a period of rest, so it should provide special care. During hibernation, the plant should be watered to a minimum in order to prevent over-filling. Usually enough abundant moisture once every ten days.

If the soil does not have time to dry, then water the plant will be necessary less often. The temperature in the room with the plant should not fall below 14 and not rise above 17 degrees. It is also not necessary to introduce additional fertilizing, otherwise they will remove the culture from anabiosis and it cannot rest.

Also in winter, we should not forget that the plant must be illuminated with a phytolamp so that the light day is at least 12 hours. With the onset of spring should move to a standard scheme for the care of streptocarpus.

Streptocarpus leaf reproduction

This method is the easiest, so flower growers resort to it most often.In order to obtain a new plant, a leaf with a petiole is cut from the parent culture and placed in water until the roots appear. After they appear, the sheet is put in wet soil and covered with its package, for creation of greenhouse conditions.

Also rooted and part of the sheet plate. To do this, the sheet is cut across, dried cuts and processed with crushed coal. Then it is planted in moist soil at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the leaf is covered with a film to create greenhouse conditions.

Reproduction of streptocarpus with a piece of leaf

This technique consists in cutting the sheet plate along the veinlets. The resulting sheet fragments are dried at the cut points and treated with crushed coal.

Then they are planted cut down into the ground with a depth of 0.5 cm. With proper care after two months, fragments of leaves overgrown with children, which can be deposited after four months.

Streptocarpus seed at home

This technique is used only by experienced gardeners, as beginners, using this method are unlikely to be able to propagate the culture. It should be noted that when breeding seeds varietal characteristics are lost.

To perform reproduction, the florist needs to wait for the streptocarpus to blossom and the seeds to ripen, which need to be picked and dried together with the seed bolls.

To germinate the seeds, take a low container, pour a layer of expanded clay onto the bottom, and pour the soil for streptocarpus from above. Then the seeds are scattered over the surface of the earth and sprayed from a spray bottle, then covered with a bag and germinated in a warm place.

After the entrances appear, the greenhouse is constantly aired so that condensate does not fall on the shoots. They take shelter after ten days.

Further, watering the seedlings is carried out from a spray bottle, providing it with good lighting and a temperature not lower than 22 degrees. When the young growth will get stronger, it is seated on separate cups and looked after as adult plants. They bloom ten months later.

Diseases and pests

Most often, streptokarpus is exposed to diseases that are associated with waterlogging and virus infection. If from powdery mildew or gray rot can be disposed of by transplantation and treatment with the drug "Fitoverm", then late blight and mozayki leaves, only by destroying the plant.

From pests, the crop can cause damage shchitovki, thrips, aphid and spider mite, they settle on peduncles and leaves, feeding on their juice and destroying the flower. To eliminate these insects, it is possible by treating streptocarpus with Actellic, spreading it out according to the package instructions.

To avoid all the above troubles succeed only with proper care of the flower.

Problems growing streptokarpus

Sometimes the florist involved in the cultivation of streptokarpusov, the following problems:

  • Drying of leaves - this symptom is evidence of improper temperature conditions. The plant is too hot and it begins to dry. Having adjusted a microclimate, the problem can be eliminated.
  • Drying the tips of the leaves - the ends of the sheet plates begin to dry out with insufficient air humidity. To return them to a normal view, will help frequent spraying or placement in a room with a humidifier culture.
  • Yellowing leaves - This problem occurs due to insufficient feeding. To eliminate it, streptokarpus needs to be fertilized once a week with top dressing for flowering plants.
  • Wilting leaves - leaves begin to fade because of the long break between watering. By adjusting the watering mode, you can get rid of the problem.
  • No growth - the plant ceases to grow due to the lack of dressings, improper soil or a small pot. If we exclude all of the above factors, then it will actively grow over time.
  • The plant does not bloom - Streptokarpus will not bloom because of the close pot, improper care and lack of light. By eliminating their mistakes, the florist will be able to enjoy the lush flowering of his green pet.

Conclusion

If you can not grow violets, but plants of this type very much like - streptokarpusy in this case is just perfect.

Just take care of them, and if you follow all the necessary rules regarding their cultivation, they will delight you with their bright and large flowers for many years.

Planting and care for streptokarpus (in brief)

  • Bloom: from spring to autumn.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: 20-25 ˚C in the summer and 15-18 ˚C in the winter.
  • Watering: regular, moderate, after drying the top layer of soil.
  • Air humidity: increased. Recommended content of the flower on a tray with wet pebbles. Spray the plant can not.
  • Top dressing: liquid complex fertilizers for flowering plants from spring to autumn 1 time in 2 weeks, during the flowering period - every week.
  • Rest periodme: not pronounced, comes with a reduction in daylight
  • Transfer: annually in February, before the start of active growing season.
  • Breeding: seeds and grafting.
  • Pests: thrips, scythes, aphid.
  • Diseases: powdery mildew, gray rot, late blight, rot of stalks and petioles, root rot.

Streptocarpus flower - features

Slightly wrinkled and pubescent leaves of streptocarpus, forming an outlet, reach a length of 30 cm with a width of 5-7 cm. The leaf color is mostly green, but not so long ago breeders bred varieties with variegated leaves. On high peduncles emerging from the leaf sinuses and reaching 25 cm in length in some species, flowers are arranged in an arbitrary number. They look like bells with elongated lower petals of various shades, types and sizes: simple, semi-double or terry, from 2 cm to 9 cm in diameter, pink, white, lavender, blue, purple, red, two-trichromatic. The fruit of streptocarpus is a swirling pod, because of which the plant got its name, which is translated from ancient Greek as “twisted fruit”. In this pod are the seeds of streptocarpus.

What is so good streptokarpus, what is its advantage over other indoor flowers? And here's what:

  • - first, it is completely unpretentious, care for him is a pleasure,
  • - secondly, with easy care, it blooms magnificently and long, sometimes up to six months - from spring to winter,
  • - thirdly, using artificial additional lighting, you can achieve flowering throughout the year,
  • - fourthly, even when streptokarpus does not bloom, it is still beautiful,
  • - fifth, it reproduces perfectly literally by any part of it.

The list of strengths of streptocarpus could be continued, but in order for you to understand how wonderful this flower is, it’s enough listed above.

How to care for streptokarpus at home.

Caring for streptocarpus is about the same as for Saintpaulia. Place it on a bright place where direct sunlight and drafts do not reach. Good lighting is necessary for a plant to grow leaves, because it is from their sinuses that flower stalks appear. The optimum temperature in the summer will be 20-25 ºC, in the winter - 15-18 ºC - just this is usually the temperature in our homes. Watering streptokarpus after drying the top layer of soil is soft settled water at room temperature. Waterlogging of the soil leads to rotting of the roots and the death of the flower, and the ingress of water into the sheet rosette causes it to rot, so you need to pour the water under the leaves, and even better - in the pan. It is possible from time to time to carry out the lower watering of the plant by immersing the pot with streptocarpus in a container with water until the soil is completely saturated with moisture. As for air humidity, the difficulty is that it must be high, but you cannot spray the leaves or wash them with a sponge.You will have to spray the air around the flower or keep the plant next to wet moss or pebbles.

Fertilizer streptokarpusa.

In fertilizers, the plant needs a period of active growth, that is, from spring to autumn. During the flowering period, the need for supplements occurs every week. Streptokarpus cease to feed only in the winter, during rest. Preference is given to liquid complex fertilizers for flowering plants such as “Kemira-Lux”, “Master” or “Etisso”, but remember that the concentration of the solution should be 20% weaker than that specified by the manufacturer. Timely remove the old lower leaves, no longer giving peduncles, because they only waste the forces and nutrients from the plant.

Streptocarpus transplantation.

This procedure is carried out annually closer to spring, preferably in February, before the start of active growth. The root system of streptocarpus, although more powerful than that of violet, is also superficial; therefore, dishes suitable for it are rather wide than deep. Each subsequent pot should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one in diameter. The soil needs nourishing, but loose and light, like a store mix for violets, into which it is good to add perlite or vermiculite. Place a drainage layer approximately 2 cm thick from expanded clay or pieces of foam in the pot so that excess moisture can flow freely without stagnating in the roots of the plant. Then a layer of substrate is placed in the pot, onto which streptokarpus is rolled along with an earthy clod, and then it is necessary to add the substrate and lightly tamp it up until there are no voids in the pot.

Growing streptokarpus seed.

If you are attracted to the breeder's path, you can try to grow streptocarpus from seed. This type of reproduction of plants is called generative. The seeds of streptocarpus are sown on top of a moist soil substrate, consisting in equal parts of perlite, crushed peat and vermiculite. First, to facilitate the process, mix the seeds with fine dry sand. After sowing, seeds are carefully sprayed with water from a sprayer and, having covered the container with crops with glass or polyethylene to form a greenhouse effect, place it in a warm (21-25 ºC) bright place. Shoots will appear within two weeks. When condensation appears, ventilate the greenhouse, and when the seedlings grow a second true leaf, dive them into the nutrient substrate — three parts of peat, two parts of crushed moss and leaf ground, and one part of vermiculite and perlite. You can use the earthy mixture for Saintpaulia, sold in stores.

Pests and streptocarpus diseases.

Pests will annoy your flower only if you violate the rules of agrotechnology streptokarpusa. For example, if the room is too hot and dry, thrips may be interested in your plant, and, having started the occupation from the bottom of the plant, they gradually master the whole streptocarpus, which will dry out before your eyes. We will have to resort to insecticides, but the first thing to do is to establish the correct microclimate so that the story will not be repeated in a month or two. With the same violations of the conditions of care affect streptokarpus and scythos, leaving brown plaques on both sides of the leaves. They are destroyed by the actor. With excessive soil moisture streptokarpus attacks aphid, and then there will be little treatment with insecticide, you will have to change the soil.

Of the diseases for streptocarpus, fungal infections are the worst, from which there is usually no escape. But if the conditions for growing the plant are fulfilled by you, then neither pests nor diseases are terrible for him.

Streptocarpus rock (Streptocarpus saxorum),

much more than other species, demanding to temperature and humidity, is known as a perennial plant, in which the woody base, twisted shoots at the ends and light green oval pubescent leaves of small size.Purple flowers, also small, bloom in summer and autumn. Because of their resemblance to the saintpaulia, this species is called a fake African violet,

Streptocarpus Wendland (Streptocarpus wendlandii)

and beautiful, and original compared to other species: it has one very large leaf, sometimes reaching 90 cm in length. On the top it is green with light streaks, and the underside of the leaf plate is red-purple. The leaf is broad-oval, pubescent and wrinkled, as in most streptokarpusov. Violet-blue flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm in the amount of 15-20 pieces form a loose brush on a long peduncle. The peculiarity of the species is also in the fact that after flowering the plant dies and reproduces exclusively by the seed method.

Some of the natural types of streptocarpus, those with lodging stems, are grown in home culture as ampelous plants. For example:

Streptocarpus royal (Streptocarpus rexii)

The progenitor of room streptokarpus is a species introduced to Europe at the beginning of the XIX century. It is called, or Streptokarpus Rex. It has long, up to 25 cm, pubescent leaves and bright purple flowers with purple stripes and strokes inside the throat. Breeders did not miss the opportunity to work with such amazing natural material and created a whole range of forms under the general name Streptocarpus hybrid. The first recognized cultivar "Constant Nymph" was distinguished by bright blue flowers with a violet shade of a very large size - about 7 cm in diameter at the point of the limb of the petals.

And finally, we will present to you several spectacular hybrid varieties of streptokarpus, the breeding of which, as you already understood, will not make it difficult for you:

  • - Fashion State - simple large flowers, two upper petals of white color, three lower ones - white with an ink-colored net, in the throat area condensing into an even purple tone,
  • - Salmon Sunset - simple flowers of medium size of salmon color, lower part of the throat yellow with burgundy maple leaf-shaped pattern,
  • - Blueberry Butterfly - medium-sized blue flowers with purple rays on the three lower leaves,
  • - Texas Hot Chile - compact slow-growing variety with very bright red flowers and a yellow eye.

Toaster reproduction

Planted parts of a streptocarpus leaf gave shoots of a photo

The method consists in cutting a sheet along the central vein, from both halves the vein is cut. Sections also need to be dried and processed with charcoal.

Pieces need to be planted in the ground down with a cut, deepening by 0.5 cm - very similar to two toasts in a toaster, due to which the method was so called.

After 1, 5 months, the sections will be overgrown with "children", but they can be seated after 4 months.

How to plant babies streptokarpusa

  • Grown up babies need to be separated from the uterine leaf and seated separately.
  • It is very important not to plant the baby immediately in a permanent pot: streptokarpus will increase the green mass and you will not see flowering.
  • It is important to gradually transfer the flower from a smaller cup to a larger one, until it is time to plant it in a permanent pot.

Transplantation babies streptokarpus video:

Use a universal substrate or groundwater mixture consisting of five parts of peat, two parts of perlite and one part of humus.

Carefully water, waiting for the earth to dry completely.

Immediately you need to make dressing with potassium and nitrogen, but in a lower concentration than stated in the instructions for use.

When a young plant is preparing to bloom for the first time, it is better to remove the buds so that the streptocarpus is completely strong. After that, transfer it to a shallow pot with a diameter of about 11 cm. Use a mixture of ordinary earth, perlite and peat.

Streptokarpus varieties with photo and names

The Bristol’s series of varieties is very successful, the blossoms are particularly long, even young “babies” bloom quickly.

Streptokarpus Bristols Petikoats Streptocarpus Bristol`s Petticoats photo

“Bristol’s Petticoats” - large flowers with wavy edges painted white and covered with pink mesh.

Streptocarpus Streptocarpus Bristol’s Pajama Party photo

“Bristol’s Pajama Party” - pink flowers with white stripes.

Streptocarpus Streptocarpus Salmon Sunset photo

“Salmon Sunset” - smaller flowers, but a lot of them. Have a salmon shade.

Streptokarpus Blue bells photo

"Blue bells" - a rim with a diameter of about 10 cm. Color - a beautiful blue color with a lilac shade.

Streptocarpus Alyssa Streptocarpus Alissa photo

"Alissa" - flowers of a bright lemon shade, they large, plentiful flowering.

The beauty and variety of varieties, a fairly simple care will help to create in your home a real riot of colors.

Care for streptocarpus at home

Streptokarpus growing and care in the home photo

To bloom streptokarpus was lush and the flower was not sick, you need to learn the rules of care and stick to them.

Air temperature

Streptokarpus loves warmth. For the plant, the air temperature will be optimal at 22–25 ° C. In winter, when the flower goes into a state of rest, it is recommended to lower the temperature to 14 ° C. The plant tolerates intense heat hard.

The plant does not tolerate drafts, but in the summer it can be carried out on the balcony or placed on an open window, only cover the sash at night or carry it into the room.

Good light is important too. Light is needed diffused, the length of daylight should be 12-14 hours.

In the summer, expose to the western or eastern windows. On the north side of the world will always be missed, and on the south you need protection from direct sunlight.

For lighting, you can use fitolampy.

Watering also has its own specifics. It is absolutely impossible to flood the plant. If you leave, or forget to pour streptocarpus, then after receiving moisture, it will be restored. But if the soil is highly watery, the plant will become sick and may even die.

To streptokarpusu was comfortable:

  • The root system of streptocarpus is more developed in width, shallow. It is necessary to choose not a high pot, but a wide bowl.
  • Properly pick up the soil, it should be quite loose, light. You can take the usual land and add 1 part of perlite, deep-fiber peat or sphagnum moss.
  • Water moderately. About once every two days will be enough. Use the bottom watering through the pan or add water from above, moving along the edge of the pot so that water does not fall on the leaves. Lime is harmful to the plant, so for watering use at least a day’s settled water.
  • Spray the plant can not. To increase the level of air humidity, you can place an aquarium near the plant, a container with water or wet expanded clay.

To streptokarpus bloomed

  • To ensure abundant and prolonged flowering, it is necessary to transplant streptokarpus each year in a new substrate.
  • Large leaves need a lot of nutrition. During the periods between transplants, apply fertilizers containing potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus. Nitrogen promotes good leaf growth, phosphorus and potassium help ensure stable flowering.

Reproduction streptokarpus division bush

How to divide the streptokarpus bush photo

This method is suitable for adult overgrown plants.

  • Water the flower, carefully remove it from the pot, clean the roots and carefully divide the shrub, trying not to damage the small roots.
  • When planting, they observe the previous level, the root neck is not buried, so that the plant does not become rotten, and it is not overvalued, so that it does not become dry.
  • For a flower to get acclimatized, after transplanting it can be covered with a transparent bag or a plastic bottle cap.

After a couple of months, young plants will begin to bloom.

Reproduction streptokarpusa sheet

Reproduction streptokarpusa photo sheet

This method is quite simple. Cut the leaf with the stem and place it in the water until the roots appear.Can be planted immediately in moist soil and cover with a plastic cup or sachet.

How to cut a sheet of streptokarpusa for reproduction photos

You can also rooted parts of the sheet. Cut the sheet across, dry the cuts, sprinkle with crushed charcoal, plant in a loose moist substrate and cover with foil. The cutting should be placed in the bottom of the soil at an angle of 45 °.

Toaster reproduction

Planted parts of a streptocarpus leaf gave shoots of a photo

The method consists in cutting a sheet along the central vein, from both halves the vein is cut. Sections also need to be dried and processed with charcoal.

Pieces need to be planted in the ground down with a cut, deepening by 0.5 cm - very similar to two toasts in a toaster, due to which the method was so called.

After 1, 5 months, the sections will be overgrown with "children", but they can be seated after 4 months.

How to plant babies streptokarpusa

  • Grown up babies need to be separated from the uterine leaf and seated separately.
  • It is very important not to plant the baby immediately in a permanent pot: streptokarpus will increase the green mass and you will not see flowering.
  • It is important to gradually transfer the flower from a smaller cup to a larger one, until it is time to plant it in a permanent pot.

How to separate the children from the uterine leaf, tell the video:

Transplantation babies streptokarpus video:

Use a universal substrate or groundwater mixture consisting of five parts of peat, two parts of perlite and one part of humus.

Carefully water, waiting for the earth to dry completely.

Immediately you need to make dressing with potassium and nitrogen, but in a lower concentration than stated in the instructions for use.

When a young plant is preparing to bloom for the first time, it is better to remove the buds so that the streptocarpus is completely strong. After that, transfer it to a shallow pot with a diameter of about 11 cm. Use a mixture of ordinary earth, perlite and peat.

Streptocarpus seed at home

Seeds of Streptocarpus photo

This method is suitable only for patient gardeners with certain skills. Considering that the majority of ornamental streptocarpus are hybrids, when propagated by seeds, their varietal characteristics are lost.

After flowering, seed boxes appear 5-7 cm long on the plant. Collect and dry them thoroughly.

Streptocarpus seed from seedling photos

  • For germinating seeds, take low containers, place the drainage on the bottom, fill the rest of the space with loose soil, you can mix it in half with perlite.
  • Since the seeds are very small, they simply sprinkle over the surface of the soil, then spray the crops, cover with a bag or glass, grow at room temperature.
  • When shoots appear, it is necessary to air the greenhouse so that no condensate drops fall on the sprouts, the shelter can be completely removed after 10 days.
  • Watered from the pulveler, without stagnant moisture, provide good lighting, the temperature is between 22-25 ° C.
  • Strong plants dive in separate cups and continue to care in the same mode.
  • Expect flowering seedlings after 10 months.

Diseases and pests of streptocarpus plant

Inspect the plant regularly to find problems in time. Especially you need close attention to the newly acquired colors.

Actions upon detection of the disease:

  • Isolate the diseased plant from the rest so that viruses and pests cannot switch to healthy specimens.
  • Damaged leaves, buds need to be removed.
  • With the defeat of spider mites and thrips, the upper part of the plant should be treated with insecticide.
  • Defeat gray rot and powdery mildew are treated with fungicides.
  • When late blight or virus (leaves will cover a mosaic of spots), the plant must be disposed of.

Additional tips in the care of streptocarpus:

  • To test the technology of care, first start 1-2 plants.
  • Can be planted in transparent containers to facilitate monitoring of the state of the root system and the earth coma.
  • It is better for beginner flower growers to start caring for plants obtained by dividing the bush.
  • If you plant streptokarpus in a suitable pot, its size will be compact and flowering abundant.

Streptokarpus varieties with photo and names

The Bristol’s series of varieties is very successful, the blossoms are particularly long, even young “babies” bloom quickly.

Streptokarpus Bristols Petikoats Streptocarpus Bristol`s Petticoats photo

“Bristol’s Petticoats” - large flowers with wavy edges painted white and covered with pink mesh.

Streptocarpus Streptocarpus Bristol’s Pajama Party photo

“Bristol’s Pajama Party” - pink flowers with white stripes.

Streptocarpus Streptocarpus Salmon Sunset photo

“Salmon Sunset” - smaller flowers, but a lot of them. Have a salmon shade.

Streptokarpus Blue bells photo

"Blue bells" - a rim with a diameter of about 10 cm. Color - a beautiful blue color with a lilac shade.

Streptocarpus Alyssa Streptocarpus Alissa photo

"Alissa" - flowers of a bright lemon shade, they large, plentiful flowering.

The beauty and variety of varieties, a fairly simple care will help to create in your home a real riot of colors.

Streptokarpus

Streptocarpus refers to perennial, herbaceous, flowering plants. He is a member of the Gesneriaceae family. The name of the plant was due to the fruit - twisted pod.

Translated from the ancient Greek language, it means "twisted fruit." In nature, there are about 140 species streptokarpusov. They are found on mountain elephants and in tropical forests with high humidity.

Their homeland is the island of Madagascar, South and Equatorial Africa, Southeast Asia.

There are streptokarpusy, which are xerophytes. They grow in dry places, adapt to the lack of water. There are forest flowers that grow in shady places near water bodies. Streptocarpus may be an annual, perennial, herbaceous, and shrub plant.

These cute flowers to plant in room conditions began a long time ago. But, unfortunately, they have never been particularly popular. In our time, by painstaking work of breeders, various hybrid forms of streptocarpus, distinguished by their special beauty, have been bred.

The color range of these amazing plants is diverse. Perhaps you can not find another plant with such an amazing palette of colors. There are streptokarpus with flowers of yellow, white, pink, red, purple, dark blue and even black.

There are two-color streptokarpus, as well as instances with different patterns - spots, nets, rays, dots. The shape of the petals is also different - rounded with a wavy edge or oval. Flowers, both simple and terry, semi-double.

Reach 2-9 cm in diameter. Small flowers are much more on the peduncle. Litofit bloom period is quite long - from spring to late autumn. With proper lighting, the plant will bloom all year round.

The rest period in the cold season streptokarpusu not needed.

The plant has elongated leaves, which are collected in the rosette. The size of the leaves, depending on the species, is different. The leaves of miniature hybrid varieties are tiny in size.

Some species have leaves 30 cm long. There are specimens with only one leaf. The most common leaf color is green. However, there are varieties with motley foliage. The fruit is a pod.

There are seeds in it.

It is easier to care for streptocarpus than for saintpaulias. They can be grown on window sills, balconies, patios and open terraces. New offspring of this humble flower is easy to get. There are several ways to propagate a plant.

As a rule, streptokarpus choose flower growers who live in small apartments.This plant does not require a lot of space.

Streptokarpus is very popular in America. In our country, many growers are also interested in this flowering plant.

Care for streptocarpus at home

Streptokarpus is a light-loving plant. It is suitable as natural lighting, and artificial. Most comfortably, he will feel on the east and west window.

If the flower grows on the south window in the spring and summer, then it will be more trouble. In this case, it should be applied with a light cloth so that it does not overheat.

In winter, only southern windows are suitable for streptokarpus, since they prefer a long day of light, and in the autumn and winter period they need additional lighting.

Possible problems and difficulties

Lingering leaves - the result of improper watering streptokarpusa. If they "hang", and the soil in the pot is wet - the roots will rot and the plant will soon die. You can save it only by transplanting and rooting the leaf roots (so that they come to life, they are placed in water for a while).

If the leaves turned yellow, the plant received a sunburn. It is better to transplant it. Dry tips indicate dry air in a room or close pot. When a “rusty” plaque appears, it is necessary to reduce watering and the number of fertilizers.

If the plant does not bloom, it lacks light. We must not forget that the light day of streptocarpus should last 12-14 hours. If not enough lighting, you need to put the lamp.

Streptocarpus - care and cultivation from seed or leaf at home, plant diseases, photos, video

The beauty of the hybrid forms of streptocarpus are comparable to orchids with the subtlety and refinement of inflorescences. Care and cultivation of streptokarpus will not cause difficulties even for a novice grower.

Bright, wrinkled lanceolate leaves up to 30 cm long frame a riot of floral bouquet.

Flowers gramophones single on a long arrow, but they come out of each bosom of leaves, bloom for a long time and hover above the pots, forcing them to admire themselves.

Tips for cultivating streptocarpus in room conditions

    Lighting. The plant likes to be in rooms with good lighting, it is recommended to put the pot on the window sills of the windows of the eastern or western location, shading should be arranged on the south-facing windows, as ultraviolet in the midday hours can burn leaves, but the northern side will require additional illumination with special phytolamps. A light day for a flower should be at least 7–8 hours a day. Such a regime will contribute to the good development and flowering of the “Cape Primrose”.

Temperature content For streptokarpus preferred room temperature of heat, in the summer they should not exceed 25 degrees, and in the winter does not fall below 15 minutes. If the thermometer begins to show a temperature above 25, then the leaf plates will begin to dry out.

Indoor air humiditywhere the “Kapsk Primrose” is contained should be hung, as this will ensure the normal growth of the flower. But it is necessary to spray streptocarpus extremely carefully, as the leaf plates cover the hairs, and the ingress of moisture can adversely affect their appearance. Therefore, it is recommended to spray water in the form of fog and preferably in the evening, so that the droplets of liquid have time to dry out during the night and the sun's rays do not damage the flower. Indicators should vary between 50–70%. Water for such procedures is taken distilled or well settled, previously brought to a boil. You can put mechanical air humidifiers next to the pot, and another method to reduce dryness of the air is to set the pot in a deep and wide container, at the bottom of which a layer of expanded clay or chopped sphagnum moss is poured and some water is poured. It is only important to ensure that the edge of the pot does not come into contact with moisture. To do this, you can set the pot on a saucer.

Watering. It is necessary to moisten the soil in such a way that its condition is only slightly wet. However, streptokarpus more bravely tolerates a small drying earthen coma than the same violets. Here the main thing is not to pour the substrate. The best method is the "bottom watering", which is called "watering-ebb." When some water is poured into the container under the pot, and after 15–20 minutes, the remaining moisture is drained. In this case, it is simply unrealistic to re-moisten the soil, since the plant will only consume the amount of water it needs. A flower very clearly signals that it is time to water it - its leaves begin to lower their “ears”. As soon as the soil was moistened with decorative beauty, it returned to the “Cape Primula”. Water should be soft at room temperature. It is recommended to take the collected rainwater or get snowy.

Fertilize streptocarpus This is often necessary, since nutrients are washed out during irrigation, and in addition the plant produces buds for almost a year, it is natural that soil depletion occurs very quickly. We'll have to add to the water for soil moisture, some complex mineral additives. This operation must be carried out once a week or at least once every 14 days. It is recommended to choose feed with a ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium as 6: 3: 6. And when the buds appear, it is worth taking fertilizers with a slightly higher phosphorus content, such can be “Fialochka”, “Phosphate”. It is recommended to dilute all types of dressings twice from the rate specified by the manufacturer - in this case flower over-fertilization will be excluded. To bloom continued for a long period, it is recommended to immediately remove the flower stalks, on which the buds have already bloomed. It is necessary to cut at a height of 1.0-1.5 cm from the leaf plate. Just tearing or pulling the stalks is not worth it, as streptokarpus grows flower buds almost all year round, and an inaccurately removed peduncle can cause damage to the remaining buds - flowering, as a result, will decrease.

  • Transplant and substrate selection. Since the plant grows very quickly, it is important for streptocarpus to frequently change the pot and the soil. But they do it when the foliage becomes very abundant. Capacity should be selected 3-5 cm more than the previous one. The container should be wide and not deep, since the root processes are located on the soil surface (sometimes the plant likes to settle in the trees, therefore it has aerial roots). It is mandatory to fill up to 2–3 cm of drainage to the bottom (fine expanded clay or pebbles will do). It is also necessary that small holes are made in the bottom of the pot to drain off excess moisture or absorb it during watering. After transplantation, it is necessary to water streptokarpus very carefully, a stream of water is sent to the walls of the pot, so that the plant adapts after changing the soil and the pot. When carrying out transplantation, it is recommended to carry out separation of a root of a flower.

  • The substrate for the “Cape Primrose” is chosen porous, light and loose. You can purchase special mixes for violets and add a little peat soil to the composition. You can create a soil mixture yourself:

      leaf soil, humus soil, peat soil (all parts are equal), a little crushed charcoal is introduced into the composition,

    clay-turf soil, peat, leaf humus, coarse-grained sand (in proportions 2: 1: 1: 1),

    peat ground, perlite, vermiculite (all parts are equal),

  • leaf soil, chopped sphagnum moss, peat soil, vermiculite (parts of the components in equal quantities).

  • Plant care at home

    At home for growing Streptokarpus you need to choose the east or west side. If you place the pot with a flower in the back of the room, you will have to use a fluorescent lamp as additional lighting.

    Do not forget that direct sunlight will harm the leaves of the plant.Streptokarpus will not tolerate waterlogging, and especially the stagnation of water in the pan, as well as the presence of drafts.

    The humidity in the room should be slightly above average. To increase the humidity, simply place a container with water or wet pebbles next to the flower. In winter, Streptokarpus can recover if you follow normal conditions for this.

    It is not necessary to water and fertilize the flower in winter, and the temperature in the room should be around 18 degrees. For a flower to gain strength for the next development and flowering, only a month and a half will be sufficient for it. In addition to the flower it is important to create conditions such as:

    • Suitable soil
    • Regular watering and feeding,
    • Transplant if necessary
    • Reproduction.

    If Streptokarpus is provided with all the conditions for normal development, then the first thing you will notice is that the flower will grow soon. As a pot you need to use a wide and low vessel. A drainage layer with a minimum width of at least 2 cm is laid on a mandatory basis.

    Transplantation should be carried out at the end of the winter period and six months after the first transplant. Transplant is carried out in a more spacious pot.

    The main thing that should be observed during transplantation, the ground should remain light and airy, it should not be clogged. It is better to half the potted soil consisted of sand. Streptocarpus is also grown in peat soil, and the peat must always be wet.

    Normal moistening of any plant is one of the important criteria for normal flower development. Watering is best done through the holes in the pot. Another good option is to water through the wick. This method will help to make the soil constantly wet.

    If you spend the top watering, then pour the liquid around the edges of the pot, so you exclude moisture on the leaves and stem of the plant.

    Water for irrigation should be soft. If the soil suddenly dried up, the leaves of Strepkarpusa drooped, and the flowers began to dry out, the inflorescences are removed, they cannot be saved, but the leaves will soon recover. Spraying this flower loves, but water droplets can leave ugly stains on the foliage, so you need to be careful about this moisture.

    You can increase the humidity by holding the pot on the tray with an additional humidifier. Not far from Streptokarpus leave a saucer with liquid. Such techniques are quite capable of raising the humidity of the air to the desired level.

    During the period of growth, especially after reproduction, the flower must be fertilized with nitrogen. If buds have appeared, then such dressing should be reduced, and potassium and phosphorus should be connected. In stores you can find and ready-mix for violets.

    When the so-called “sleep” period of the plant begins, all dressings are removed.

    For more information on the care of Streptokarpus in the video:

    Flower description

    The flower has no escape. The rather long leaves are covered with nap, and together they form a large rosette. From the hollow of each leaf grows a stem with many flowers. In elite species, up to 80 flowers can be found on a single stem. As soon as it fades, a seed box appears in its place.

    The flowers have a bell-shaped form, and they can be of different colors. Most often, the corollas of a large form, but there are varieties that are covered with small flowers. The smaller the petals, the more flowers. You can also find hybrid forms with double flowers.

    The leaves can grow up to 50 cm, and their color varies from light green to dark, there are even patterned ones.

    Home care

    Before you start caring for a flower, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules of care. If you properly care for streptocarpus at home, the flower will not hurt.

    Since the flower streptokarpus care loves heat, it is suitable for a temperature of 22−25 degrees. In winter, the temperature is reduced to 14 degrees, at this time the flower is in a calm state.But the plant tolerates too much heat. He also does not like drafts, in the summer it can be brought to the balcony only during the daytime.

    For streptokarpusa need to arrange a diffused light, and the light day should last about 14 hours. In summer, it should be placed on windows that face west or east. If it stands on the north side, the light will not be enough, and if it is on the south side, then you need to arrange protection from direct sunlight. To highlight the flower, use fitolampy.

    Watering also has its own specifics. Streptokarpus should not be watered too much. If you forget to water a flower and weaned for a while, it will recover after watering. But if, when watering, they overdo it with water, the plant becomes ill and even dies in some cases.

    For the comfort of the flower you need:

    • Due to the fact that the root system of the plant develops in width, you need to pick a shallow, and a wide pot.
    • The soil for it should be loose and light. You can add peat or perlite to ordinary soil.
    • For him enough watering once every two days. And you need to use defended water.
    • In no case do not spray the bush. To increase the humidity, you can put a small container with water nearby.
    • For abundant and long flowering, the plant is transplanted into a new ground every year.
    • Large leaves need food, so when you transplant, you need to fertilize the plant. For this fit nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.

    Reproduction by dividing the bush

    This method is only suitable for adult plants.. You need to do the following:

    1. To begin with, the flower is watered, taken from the pot and cleaned the roots from the ground. After gently, in order not to damage, the small roots are separated.
    2. When planting, the root neck should not go too deep into the ground, otherwise it may begin to rot. But also you shouldn’t overstate it, as it can start to dry.
    3. It will be easier for the flower to take root if it is covered for a while, for this you can use a transparent bag or a cap from a plastic bottle.
    4. Flowering in young plants begins in 2−3 months.

    Growing by leaf

    This method is the easiest. To do this, cut a leaf with a handle and put it in the water until it takes root. After it can immediately be planted in moist soil. It should also be covered with a plastic cup or bag.

    For rooting, you can use and pieces of the sheet. To do this, it is cut across, then its sections are dried and sprinkled with charcoal. Then they are planted in a moistened primer and covered with polyethylene.

    Streptocarpus Reproduction Recommendations

    There are several methods to get a wonderful new blooming bush: plant seeds, divide the rhizome, multiply using leaves.

    Two methods of reproduction using a leaf plate:

      It is necessary to choose a healthy leaf and divide it into 2–3 parts across with a sharp knife or scissors, but so that the length of the parts is not less than 2 cm. For the fragments, it is necessary to trim the base slightly so that it resembles a stem-leg. Plastic 200 gram cups are taken, some fine claydite is poured in and a soil mixture is placed on top, which includes: peat soil, chopped moss, perlite and vermiculite (in proportions 1: 0.5: 0.5: 0.5). On the surface of the ground, it is necessary to make a depression of 1 cm and install part of the leaf there. It is pressed a little, so that the sapling does not hang out, and they wrap it up with a plastic bag, to create conditions for a mini-greenhouse. Approximately in a month's time, small children should appear, which separate and land in separate cups when they have 2-3 leaves.

  • It is also necessary to take a sheet plate and cut it lengthwise, while removing the middle core. Further, all actions are similar to those described above, only this method does not guarantee 100% survival of the leaf sapling, but if it takes roots, then the babies will develop more.

  • When dividing the rhizomes, it must be remembered that only very overgrown streptocarpus bushes are subjected to this procedure. It is necessary to carry out the division in the springtime, combining this with a transplant of a flower. Before the process, it is recommended to moisten the soil in the pot a little, then remove the “Kapsk primula” from the pot, shake off the soil remains and cut the rhizome into a 2–4 ​​part with a sharp knife. It is necessary to ensure that each of the parts has several points of growth. Places of cuts are required to be powdered with powdered or activated charcoal crushed into powder - this will disinfect the cuts. Then it is necessary to disembark the parts of streptocarpus into separate containers filled with a drainage material on the bottom and with a moistened substrate on top.

    The method of propagation with the help of seed material is the most complex and long in time. It is recommended to pour peaty humus substrate into a transparent plastic container. It is slightly moistened with a spray bottle and the seeds are poured onto the surface, sprayed with the same soil a little. The container is closed with a lid or wrapped with a plastic bag (film) and put in a warm well-lit place, but so that the direct rays of the sun did not fall on it. After about 2 weeks, the first shoots will appear. As the seedlings grow, they will have to swoop down twice - planting them in small separate pots with the same substrate. Flowering in this case will occur after 8 months from the landing of streptocarpus seeds.

    Possible problems in growing the “Cape Primrose”

      Most often, streptocarpus is affected by a spider mite - it appears as a thin spiderweb on leaf plates, insecticides are used to fight.

    Thrips are characterized by damage to the buds. A systemic insecticide is used, for example, aktar or fitovir.

    Powdery mildew infection may also occur, with a whitish coating on all parts of the flower. For treatment, treatment with fungicide topaz.

    Late blight is a frequent visitor to streptocarpus - there is no means to save the flower.

  • When there is a high humidity in the room, the “Cape Primula” can be affected by gray mold - when a gray patina appears on all parts of the flower. At the same time make processing fungicide.

  • Of the problems of cultivation of streptocarpus emit:
    • the lack of watering is characterized by wilting leaves,

    if the leaves are completely wilted, and the soil in the pot is wet, then the root system may rot,

    leaves turn yellow if the plant is sunburned,

    leaf tops dry - too dry air in the room or a small pot,

    raid on leaves like rust, says either about waterlogging of the soil or an excess of dressings,

  • no flowering occurs when the day is short.

  • Streptokarpus: care and cultivation, reproduction:

    Streptokarpus has only two hundred years of fame in the world of gardeners. For the first time he was found by the English botanist James Bowie in South Africa. This event occurred in 1818 in the mountainous subtropical forests of the Cape Province.

    An unusual flower with large leaves and long flower stalks with flowers of blue or lilac color was named Streptocarpus Rexi and became the ancestor of all subsequent hybrid species.

    Streptocarpus species

    Being a professional, Bowie collected the seeds of a plant he had found and sent him to the London Botanical Garden, where he was grown and presented to the public. Later, new varieties of streptocarpus were found, and after a while the breeders were already actively growing hybrids, crossing wild-growing species with each other.

    Today there are about 130 varieties of this plant, and streptocarpus, care and cultivation for which does not present great difficulties, has become a popular type of home flowers.

    Streptokarpusy are divided into 3 types:

    • Representatives of univalent type have the main leaf which can reach 1 meter in height and 60 cm in width.Sometimes a pair of auxiliary leaves germinates, but they remain underdeveloped. This type includes streptokarpus Vanland.
    • Most hybrid varieties are rosette type, giving a lot of large flowers formed in the outlet.
    • Creeping representatives of streptokarpus refer to the stem type, which blooms profusely, but the flowers give small ones.

    At home, cultivation of streptocarpus rosette type is the most common, as it does not require much space and feels great on the windowsill.

    Hybrid rosette streptocarpus is becoming increasingly popular with amateur flower growers. Description, reproduction, care, planting of hybrid species have many similar features.

    Most of the representatives of this plant have broad wrinkled leaves of a saturated green color, although there are specimens with variegated foliage. From the follicles of the foliage rose flower stalks, which are 1-2 flowers.

    In hybrid varieties, flowers reach 4 cm in diameter, and together with the limb, and all 8 cm, which is not the case with wild species of streptocarpus.

    Most of the flowers have a bluish or purple color, but there are modern hybrids of red, white, pink, black and even speckled, striped, speckled and with complex patterns of buds. Regardless of which petals (terry, corrugated or fancy) has streptocarpus, care and cultivation are the same.

    If you create acceptable conditions for this plant, it can please its owner year-round flowering.

    If care for streptokarpus for some reason is far from ideal, then it blooms from April to November.

    The conditions for its flowering are not so difficult to create, and even a novice florist can handle it.

    The choice of capacity and soil for streptokarpus

    It is very important that these plants feel comfortable indoors. To do this, it is enough to create conditions as close to natural as possible in which streptocarpus is accustomed to grow. Care at home for them begins with the choice of soil and capacity for planting.

    For these plants the best option for capacity will be low pots from 7 to 10 cm in width.

    Since streptokarpus roots grow quickly, loose fertile soil will become the best substrate for it.

    You can add sphagnum, vermiculite or leaves to it to ensure good ventilation and drainage to preserve moisture.

    Temperature and humidity

    Another important aspect in order for a streptocarpus to feel well at home is care and cultivation at the required temperature and humidity.

    These heat-loving plants do not tolerate heat, so the maximum temperature in summer should be +26, and in winter + 15 ... + 17 degrees. The first sign of uncomfortable temperature appears on the leaves.

    Their edges dry and lose elasticity. Changing the temperature conditions, you can return the plant to its previous form.

    It is desirable to remove completely damaged leaves, and for those that have partially dried, carefully cut off the dried edges with sharp scissors.

    Another requirement that streptokarpus makes is care and cultivation in fairly moist air. To create the necessary conditions, it is enough to spray the air around it, avoiding contact with the leaves.

    In winter, most plants are hibernating. Streptocarpus stay in this state. Winter care for them is distinguished by less watering and feeding and lowering the temperature in the room to + 16 ... + 18 degrees.

    If you do not reduce the temperature and frequency of watering, then with proper lighting this plant can bloom almost all year round. The main thing is that the earth was fertilized and the formation of new buds, which in one outlet can be up to 50 pieces, should be supplemented.

    Watering Streptocarpus

    Although the inhabitants of the tropics usually love moisture, we grow a streptocarpus plant, avoiding overflow of soil.If it is in dry ground for some time, then the leaves will start to fall, which is easy to fix, by watering the plant.

    In that case, if it is poured with water, the root system begins to ache, the leaves become stained and hang lifelessly, and the flower can be saved only by transplanting and keeping it in an artificial greenhouse.

    The best option would be to wait until the top layer of the soil dries out and only after that to water. If you moisten the air, then frequent watering is not needed.

    It is important that the water is soft, separated and at room temperature, which is poured either into the pan or on the edge of the tank, without eroding the ground.

    Top dressing Streptocarpus

    Like no other flower, streptocarpus, caring and cultivation for which in general do not constitute a lot of work, requires additional feeding every 7-10 days, especially during the period of bud formation. Since this plant, having eaten all the nutrients in the substrate, begins to wither and quickly dies, fertilizing should become a familiar weekly ritual.

    For “babies,” good nutrition will be fertilizers with an increased proportion of nitrogen and less phosphorus and potassium. This will have a beneficial effect on growing streptocarpus.

    Care and cultivation, the price of their life depends on the norm and the timely supply of top dressing, therefore, the dose recommended by the manufacturer can be reduced by half, using fertilizer once a week.

    An adult plant needs phosphorus and potassium most of all, since it forms buds, therefore complex fertilizers will be suitable, which should be diluted at half the recommended dose.

    It is also important which soil was originally used for transplanting or reproducing streptocarpus.

    Reproduction leaf cuttings

    Many flower growers, ordering streptokarpus for planting through the online store, receive a leaf from this plant in the package.

    Leaf cuttings can be purchased at prices ranging from 100 to 200 rubles.

    In the event that the planting material is on the way, it should be soaked in water for several hours, so that it becomes elastic again.

    If a young healthy leaf is cut from a streptocarpus outlet, then it can be immediately planted in a peat tablet.

    In order for the leaf to settle down, it is better to take a mixture of 3 parts of peat and 1 part of sphagnum and perlite.

    The peat tablet must be filled with water in advance so that it becomes soaked and increased in size.

    At the sheet, you need to cut off the upper part with a sharp knife, and insert the cutting into a peat tablet or suitable substrate. After planting, the soil is watered with a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, and the tank is placed in a greenhouse.

    Care in the greenhouse is a regular airing cutting and wiping the walls of the condensate. On average, after a month and a half, the cutting of streptocarpus will give a knot with new leaves, it is called “baby”. This is an independent plant, ready for transplanting into a new container.

    To increase the formation of “babies”, streptocarpus leaf can be divided into several parts, from which independent plants will turn out.

    To do this, divide the leaf into fragments in which there is a central or large lateral vein.

    Each piece is planted at right angles to the soil, because new roots form at the point of contact of the vein with the ground.

    There are forums where experienced growers give advice about streptokarpusy, care and cultivation. Dimetris (forum) is one of the largest and most popular meeting places for lovers of these amazing colors.

    Seed propagation

    Seed propagation is preferable to obtain more beautiful specimens and preserve the species traits of the bush.

    The process itself from sowing to flowering takes up to 7 months, but it is worth it, since you can get a completely original and colorful plant.

    The best time for sowing is spring, although in winter, with sufficient light, the seeds will also give amicable shoots. This will require:

    1. Prepare the substrate, which in equal proportions consists of peat, perlite and vermiculite.
    2. Capacities for seeding should be sufficiently wide and low, with holes for drainage.
    3. A drainage layer is laid out on the bottom of the pot, then a layer of the substrate, on the surface of which streptocarpus seeds are sown.
    4. The surface of the seed substrate is sprayed with a well diluted (to pink) solution of potassium permanganate.
    5. A prepared seed container must be placed in a greenhouse and wait for seedlings that appear on the 5-7th day.

    Conditions in the greenhouse for seed germination should correspond to + 20 ... + 23 degrees and provide maximum illumination. In order to prevent the substrate from drying out, you can put the container in the pan, in which, as it decreases, add water.

    When the first leaves appear, all streptocarpus should be seated at a distance of 15-20 cm so that they can grow in full force without interfering with each other.

    After the seedlings grow enough, each streptokarpus transplanted into a separate container. You should prepare a mixture of 2 parts of breathable earth, 3 parts of peat and 1 part of perlite, sphagnum and vermiculite. All components mix well.

    New containers for young streptokarpus should be up to 7 cm in diameter and low, since their roots do not go into the depths, but develop an earthy ball.

    For healthy and rapid growth, these flowers should be regularly fed, spreading and using half the recommended dose of fertilizer.

    It is important to remember that streptocarpus as a prerequisite for high-quality content requires light, breathable soil, which will not allow their roots to rot.

    Experienced growers recommend removing old leaves. Although streptokarpus not distinguished by a large number of them. This stimulates him to start up new foliage, which has new flower buds.

    In the summer, these flowers favorably refer to the fresh air, so they can be safely carried to the balcony. The main thing is that they do not fall under direct sunlight.

    Types of Streptocarpus

      Streptocarpus royal (Streptocarpus rexii). Homeland plants South African territories. Herbaceous flower with a very short stem. Leaf plates grow up to 22–25 cm in length with a width of 5–7 cm. They look elongated-lanceolate, with a crenulate-toothed edge, completely pubescent. Peduncles pulled out from axillary leaf buds by 1–2 units. The height of the flowering stem is up to 25 cm. The length of the corolla is 5 cm with a diameter of 2.5 cm. It begins as a funnel, and is divided into 5 lobes at the apex. The shares are slightly rounded and unequal in size. Painted in a pale lilac shade, on the throat and tube with rich purple stripes.

    Streptocarpus Wendland (Streptocarpus wendlandii Sprenger). It grows in the South African province of Natal. Settles in wooded areas on leaf litter. Differs in the presence of a single leaf, reaching 90 cm with a width of 60 cm. It is densely covered with hairs, on top of a sheet plate of rich emerald hue, and from the back - it is purple. Flowering stem up to 70 cm. Flower in blue-violet colors with a striped pattern of white shade on the throat.

  • Streptocarpus stalk-forming (Streptocarpus caulescens). Humid tropical forests in South Africa are the birthplace of the flower. Its height is 40–60 cm. Stems are upright growing fully pubescent, having branching. The leaves grow opposite each other, rounded-ellipsoid with a solid hem, completely covered with hairs. Peduncle, branched in the shape of a fork, on it are placed drooping flower buds, 1.5 cm long with a centimeter width, two-lipped, very similar to the flowers of Saintpaulia. Whisk in light blue tones.

  • How to grow streptokarpus home, see here:

    Watch the video: How To Propagate Streptocarpus From Leaf Cuttings (March 2020).