At home, the dieffenbachia is propagated, as a rule, by stem and apical cuttings, which are cut by adults, “bald” and plants that have lost their decorative effect, and sometimes entirely. The cuttings can be carried out all year round, but the best time for this is the middle of spring, the beginning of active vegetation.
The apical stalk is obtained by cutting the top of a strongly raised dieffenbachia. The need for it arises because of the desire to update the plant, to replace the old copy that has lost its former decorative effect with a new, fluffy, but quite adult.
The top is cut to the required length so that the cut falls below the last kidney by 1.5-2 cm. After that it is placed in a container with water, adding a tablet of activated carbon to prevent rot, or dropped in a mixture of sand and peat equal parts. The temperature, which stimulates rooting, lies in the range of 22 - 25 ° C, therefore, under cooler conditions, it will be necessary to use additional bottom heating. Roots appear after about two weeks (but sometimes they are waited for two months), and when they grow up sufficiently, reaching a length of 3–4 cm, dieffenbachia is planted in a permanent place in ready-made specialized ground for dieffenbachy, which can be purchased at flower shops (for example , under the brand names "Seliger" or "Vermion").
For cuttings planted in the ground, the best option to promote rooting is a mini-hothouse. But if the grower does not have a finished, factory, then it is easy to make it yourself from scrap materials. Practically any transparent containers will do: a stalk can be covered with a glass jar, a trimmed plastic bottle, it is good to use old cake boxes or any other plastic transparent packaging as a mini-greenhouse. The main thing is that this "design" was rigid, spacious enough, and it had the possibility of regular airing. And then, placed in a warm place, protected from the sun, the mini-greenhouse will be ready.
Reproduction stem cuttings
After cutting the top, the remaining long bare stem dieffenbachia also allowed on the cuttings. Moreover, they can be obtained as much, as there are axillary buds on the stem. But it is still better if there are 2 - 3 buds on a piece of stem prepared for planting at once.
Freshly cut cuttings are dried during the day and laid horizontally, with the kidneys up on the mixture of peat and sand, deepening by about half. For better rooting, a container with cuttings should be placed in a mini-teplichka, where high humidity is constantly maintained, and the temperature ranges from 22 to 25 ° C. About two weeks later a small sprout will appear from the sleeping bud, and on the side pressed to the ground, the roots. And the latter can be expected almost anywhere along the entire length of the cutting.
It is just as easy to give stem pieces to the roots in water.
It is not necessary to throw away the part of dieffenbachia remaining after grafting, initially growing in the ground. If you continue watering and normal care, then after a while dormant buds will wake up and new shoots will begin to develop, which, after full maturity of 2-3 sheets, can also be used as apical cuttings.
But sometimes several sleeping buds awaken at once, and a whole family of young Dieffenbachia grows up in the place of a bare old stem. In this case, the plant is transplanted into a new land and take care of it as usual. It will look pretty pretty in a pot anyway, even better than a young one.
Reproduction by air layouts
A less popular, though also uncomplicated, method is reproduction by air layering. It is similar to the top grafting and allows you to get a ready-made adult plant instead of a lost specimen.
The essence of the method is as follows. On the stalk, they choose the location of the cut, focusing on the desired length of the future plant, and rather damage the surface of the trunk, making two circular cuts of 0.5 - 1 mm in depth at a distance of about 1 cm from each other (usually this distance is 1 - 1, 5 diameters of the stem in this place). Between the cuts, gently scraped thin skin, the whole area is treated with growth stimulants, wrapped with moist sphagnum moss, and on top of it with opaque polyethylene and fixed with threads. It is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the moss, keeping it moist, and the temperature. To stimulate root formation, the plant requires about 25 ° C.
After germination through the moss of young roots, the top is cut, carefully removed polyethylene and sphagnum and put it in a pot with a prepared substrate.
Seed propagation of dieffenbachia for our gardeners is a rather exotic way, since it is almost impossible to get the seeds of this plant in Russian stores. But foreign online stores offer flower lovers a fairly rich selection of seeds of various varieties.
Seeds are sown in spring, scattered over the surface of wet peat, and placed in a mini-hothouse. After that, watering or spraying them is not recommended, since water droplets can squeeze tiny seeds into the depth, and the germination process will be difficult. To avoid drying out of the soil, water can be gently poured along the very wall of the tank with peat. Germination takes place in the light, in a warm (20 - 25 ° C) and protected from the sun place.
After the appearance of 2 - 3 leaves, seedlings are seated in separate pots.
Caution! The sap of the plant is poisonous to humans, so it is advisable to carry out all work with gloves, and after finishing them wash hands thoroughly.
Breeding conditions for dieffenbachia
Propagate dieffenbachia It is recommended in spring or early summer, since cuttings obtained in winter do not take root for a long time.
For planting dieffenbachia light soil is best suited: for example, universal soil with the addition of vermiculite or peat-sand mixture. It is important to provide the plant with a thick layer of drainage. The pot should be chosen spacious - dieffenbachia grows quickly and in a short time will easily fill the entire space of the container.
Before proceeding to breeding dieffenbachia, should be considered several important features of the overseas beauty:
- the juice of the plant is poisonous - all work should be done in rubber gloves, and after they are finished, you should thoroughly wash your hands,
- during work care must be taken to ensure that the plant juice does not fall on the skin, mucous membranes and eyes.
Dieffenbachia should be placed in a place inaccessible to children and animals.
Reproduction of dieffenbachia tip cuttings
When reproducing dieffenbachia (see photo) with apical cuttings, you can use one of the following methods.
Rooting in water. Apical stalk length from 15 to 18 cm should be placed in a container with water, which is recommended to add activated carbon in order to avoid rotting of the cutting. Roots with this method should appear within a month.
Rooting in the ground. At the apical stalk of the same length, it is necessary to treat the cut with wood or activated carbon. Then you should put the cutting in a light soil and cover it with a can or film.
It is desirable to ensure the temperature of the seedling is +25 - +27 ° C, regularly airing, sprinkling it and rubbing the leaves. Roots in the ground should appear in a couple of months.
When fresh young leaves appear, the stalk is placed in a new pot. Dieffenbachia, rooted in water, is planted in the ground when its roots grow to 2 - 3 cm long.
The difference in the care of geraniums in winter and summer is not significant, but it is important to take this into account for proper plant maintenance.
Read about the fascinating home of the Monstera plant in our topics.
Propagation of dieffenbachia stem cuttings
Bare trunk An old plant that has lost its leaves must be cut into 10–15 cm long pieces. There are three ways to root these cuttings.
Deepen stalk in the ground with the lower end of 2 cm, cover it with a plastic bag or plastic bottle, not forgetting to water regularly. The roots on the cuttings appear in about two months.
Cuttings put horizontally, gently pushing them into the ground, setting up a "greenhouse" over them, also not forgetting about watering. After rooting, the buds with young shoots will start waking up from the internodes of the stalk, gradually growing into a beautiful lush bush.
Also can be rooted stem cuttings in water - the rooting process will take about 3 weeks. When the cuttings give the roots, they are transplanted into a permanent spacious pot.
The best option Dieffenbachia breeding - stem cuttings from the middle of the plant stem, which are rooted perfectly by any of the above methods.
Experienced Gardeners Do not throw away the old Dieffenbachia, whose trunk is cut into cuttings. They leave a stump of about 10 cm in length, put the plant pot in a bright place and continue to water the plant. Within a few months, dieffenbachia will give several new young shoots, you just need to be patient.
Propagation of dieffenbachia apical layering
At the selected location of the trunk need to make a few small cuts. Cuts It is necessary to cover with wet moss-sphagnum and wrap with opaque polyethylene, tied with a string or a thin rope on top.>
During the entire rooting time need to followso that the moss is always wet. After the appearance roots should be cut off the stem, removing the polyethylene, and plant Dieffenbachia along with the roots and moss in the ground.
Contain young dieffenbachia recommended on the east or west window. Water the plant should be soft settled water twice a week, preventing the drying of the soil. It is advisable not to forget to regularly spray dieffenbachia and wipe its leaves with a damp cloth.
Transplant in a new pot should be carried out when the grown roots begin to stick out of the drainage hole. Dieffenbachia grows very quickly, releasing new motley leaves one by one. Remember also the advisability of using drainage!
As we see breeding dieffenbachia easy and very fast. A little work and patience - and a few motley bushes of a magnificent plant will fill your home with beauty and comfort.
And for fans to know more, we suggest to get acquainted with the video about the experience of reproduction of dieffenbachia at home
I think this flower breeds in any way. My daughter once dropped a dieffenbachia pot and the tip broke off. I carefully cut it off and put it in a jar of water. The roots appeared rather quickly and I transplanted the flower into a spacious pot. And the lower part of the stem cut into several cuttings and distributed to friends. The part that remained in the ground, too, soon gave escape. So, from one flower it turned out a little.
Dieffenbachia is a very unpretentious plant, and I think you need to start with it inexperienced florist. It loves watering, perhaps the only condition for its growth. It reproduces very easily, with good care it easily gives additional shoots that can be planted, and also cuttings take root very easily.
Propagation dieffenbachia cuttings: several ways
Surely, being on a visit or public places, you saw a two-meter Dieffenbachia with a bare trunk and a bundle of leaves at the top. Trunks with the often curves, bent to the side, sometimes - supported by lath-supports. Looks, to put it mildly, not very. And discourages in general to start this representative of the aroid family.
Unfortunately, this happens when the owner of the plant does not know its natural inclinations, or, due to laziness, does not want to try and bring the plant into a proper form. The fact is that even well-groomed Dieffenbachia, growing, bares the trunk. The average age of one sheet of dieffenbachia is about 2 years.
After this period, the sheet turns yellow and falls. The oldest leaves are lower, respectively, they gradually fly around, exposing the trunk. This is a natural process for diphenbachia.
And you can fight with it in the only way - rejuvenation of the plant, that is, cutting the old, which has come into decorative disrepair, the trunk and growing out of the cuttings of new young Dieffenbachy.
Depending on the goals, this procedure can be called rejuvenation (if apical cuttings are used) or reproduction (when several new ones are grown from one old plant using cuttings from different parts of the plant).
When to propagate dieffenbachia?
It is better to perform cuttings and rooting of young plants in spring, when the period of active growing season begins. However, dieffenbachia is completely inconsequential and takes root pretty well at any other time of the year, especially with the use of root-stimulants.
The bent and bared dieffenbachia stem (right) needs rejuvenation, by grafting
Propagation of dieffenbachia - in water or in the ground?
We have already decided that the reproduction of dieffenbachia at home is carried out by rooting cuttings cut from the plant. The cuttings are placed in a nutrient medium, after some time they grow roots. Nutrient medium is water or soil. In other words, in order for roots to appear in a cut stem of a dieffenbachia, it must be placed either in water or in the ground.
Rooting is easiest in water. To the process of root formation was successful, the cutting is dipped in a jar of water. 1-2 tablets of activated carbon are dissolved in water beforehand. A jar with a handle is placed in a warm bright place (t = 21-24 ° C).
Periodically, the water in the bank is changed to protect the stem from rotting. It is advisable to do this at least 1 time per week. The roots of the cuttings “in hydroponics” appear in about 1-2 weeks.
When they reach 2-3 cm in length, the stalk can be planted in the ground.
Dieffenbachia cuttings easily root in water
To speed up the formation of roots, add a couple of drops of aloe juice (regular agave) to the water. It activates the internal forces of the plant, which will lead to the awakening of sleeping buds and build-up of roots.
Young roots from the cut stalk can be easily grown not only in water, but also directly in the ground. First you have to prepare this very ground. It is desirable that it was easier than landing, used for dieffenbachy "at a constant".
For example, a mixture of peat soil and baking powder (perlite, vermiculite) in a ratio of 50/50. Or such a composition: peat soil -25%, sphagnum - 50%, perlite or vermiculite - 25%.
Such a substrate is very light, breathable, the roots easily grow through it.
To reduce the risk of rotting the stalk (when rooting in the ground, this happens quite often), a little crushed wood or activated charcoal should be added to the soil.
After cutting the cutting, it is dried from 4 hours to a day and buried in the ground at a depth of 2-3 internodes (4-6 cm).
In winter, the process of root formation can take a long time or not take place at all due to rotting of the cutting.
At this time, in order to speed up the process of root formation, the cutting should be kept for about 10 hours in a solution of heteroauxin (root) before planting. And only then planted in wet soil.
If the cuttings of the dieffenbachia are small (not higher than 10-15 cm), after digging into the ground, it is possible to arrange a greenhouse for them.That is, cover the top of the landing jar, transparent box of cakes, etc. The cover of an improvised greenhouse should be transparent.
Under the shelter creates a greenhouse effect, that is, a constant temperature and high humidity. Such conditions provide a higher chance of rooting cuttings, which is especially important in the winter, when dieffenbachia is not too tuned to root growth and vegetation.
In spring and summer it is quite possible to do without additional shelter.
To root the cuttings of dieffenbachia, it is necessary to select a loose substrate and a small container - ideally, a plastic cup
Care for cuttings rooted in the ground, has its own nuances.
The first and most important is proper watering. As long as the cutting does not have a root, it should be watered very carefully so as not to provoke decay. Watering - only after drying the soil near the recessed stem.
The second is spraying. A stalk without roots does not absorb moisture well by the deeper part of the stem, but through the leaves it does it quite willingly. Therefore, once a day, spray the leaves of the cutting (if they are) with plain water, so you will help the young plant to overcome the stressful situation and begin to grow roots.
Necessary conditions for plant reproduction
Dieffenbachia - indoor flower, for reproduction of which it is necessary to create certain conditions in the house. First you need to choose the right time for this procedure. Reproduction is usually done in spring or early summer. It should be noted that the stalk prepared in the winter does not take root for quite a long time. Moreover, to speed up the process does not work even quality care for the appendix.
To improve the survival rate of the plant can be due to the correct choice of soil. This indoor flower prefers light soils. You can also use a universal soil by adding a peat-sand mixture or vermiculite.
Before falling asleep in the pot you need to organize a drainage layer at the bottom. The container itself should be spacious, as the dieffenbachia is notable for its active growth and rather quickly fills all the available space of the pot. When growing this flower at home, you need to know that its juice is poisonous to animals and humans. Therefore, all manipulations with the plant should be performed in rubber gloves. After completing the work, hands should be washed well with soap. Also during the interaction with this homely beauty you need to protect not only the skin of the hands, but also the eyes, along with the mucous membranes. Because of this feature, dieffenbachia needs to be grown out of the reach of children and animals.
Reproduction by cuttings
It is recommended to practice cuttings in spring, when plants begin a period of active growth. But Dieffenbachia is so unpretentious in reproduction that it takes root quite well in the autumn-winter time.
This indoor flower belongs to the fast-growing grass crops. He has a short lifespan, about 3-4 years later leaves fall from the lower part of the trunk and the plant loses its decorative effect. To rejuvenate the flower, cut off the top of the head, which is then rooted. From the rest of the stem, cuttings are cut. After pruning in a pot, the stump remains about 10–15 cm tall, and young shoots can also come from it.
Since dieffenbachia is poisonous, all work with it should be carried out carefully. When handling the green mass and the stem, you should always wear rubber gloves and avoid contact with toxic fluid on the skin and eyes.
During reproduction with stem cuttings, the trunk is cut into pieces of 7–10 cm in length. The cut is made with a sharp disinfected instrument (scalpel, knife, small handsaw, etc.). At each cut-off handle, there should be at least 3-4 dormant buds that look like small half rings on the trunk. The cut sites are treated with any root formation stimulator (Zircon, Kornevin, Heteroauxin, etc.) and sprinkled with crushed charcoal. Then the cut material is dried for 1–2 days.
Root the stalk in several ways:
- Parts of the stem are stuck on the lower end of 2-3 cm in the ground. It is important not to confuse the bottom with the top, for this it is recommended to perform cuts in different ways (straight and at an angle). Then the pieces of the trunk are covered with a glass jar or a cut off plastic bottle. The shelter should be removed periodically for ventilation, and the soil should be moistened as necessary. This method has a significant disadvantage. Sprouts appear on the side of the hemp, so the trunk grows crooked and looks unaesthetic.
- To avoid curvature can be, if you lay the cuttings horizontally. They are slightly pressed into the moistened soil and half sprinkled with earth. In this case, the buds of the kidneys should be at the top. Landings covered with polyethylene or glass to create a mini-greenhouse, periodically air and water. Emerged shoots will grow strictly vertically. The stump from the mother bush is then simply covered with the substrate completely.
- Stem cuttings can be rooted in a container with water. But in this way they take root somewhat more difficult and longer.
To rejuvenate a plant whose bottom part of the stem has become bare, an apical stalk is used. A sharp knife or shears cut off the upper part of the trunk of the desired length (from 15 cm). The cut is carried out 1–2 cm below the level of the last internode. It is then processed by a root former and crushed charcoal.
Root the top can be in the ground and in the water, the roots appear in 2-3 weeks. But in the substrate the top gives roots a little later. The upper part is rooted in a small container, plunging the stem into the soil at 2–3 internodes.
Reproduction by the leaf method is not as effective and often does not give a 100% result, since some of the planting material may die for various reasons. For these purposes, the lowermost leaves, which are located closer to the roots, are most suitable. An elastic healthy and young leaf is selected. It is cut with a sharp scalpel or knife, then, if necessary, divided into parts.
The slices are treated with a growth stimulator. Planting material is dried in air for several hours. Then placed in a glass of water or pot with a substrate for rooting. The container must be covered with polyethylene to maintain a constant temperature and humidity.
This method is not so simple, but also quite effective. An incision is made on the exposed stem, into which a small support is inserted (match, toothpick, etc.). Some growers remove a circular strip of bark 1.5–2 cm wide.
Then open places need to be treated with a root growth stimulator, wrap with moistened moss and wrap with polyethylene. The film is fixed at the top and bottom with a wire or rope. After 1.5–2 months, when the roots appear, the branch is cut and planted in the ground. Sections are pre-dried a little and powdered with coal.
Occurs in a nutrient medium: in a substrate or in water. Both environments require advance preparation.
The cuttings are placed in a container with water, in which you must dilute 1–2 tablets of activated carbon for disinfection. That the landing material did not decay, liquid needs to be changed every week. In order to ensure better growth of roots and shoots, it is recommended to add root stimulants to the water. The bank is placed in a warm, well-lit place, but there should not be direct sunlight on the shoots.
Aloe sap (2 drops per 0.5 l) or ascorbic acid with glucose (1 tablet per 1 l) will help increase the chances of survival and enhance the vitality of the flower. When the roots reach a length of 3-4 cm, they can be planted in a permanent pot.
For rooting cuttings of dieffenbachia in the soil, the soil is lighter and more permeable than the one in which the flower is planted for permanent cultivation.
There are several varieties of such earth compositions:
- peat soil and baking powder (vermiculite, perlite) - 1: 1,
- sphagnum moss, peat, perlite or vermiculite - 2: 1: 1,
- peat, coarse sand - 1: 1.
To reduce the risk of rotting the roots, it is recommended to add crushed charcoal to the substrate. Used for planting capacity should be high and narrow, because the root system in Dieffenbachia grows more in length.
Recommendations for the care of a young plant
The still weak flower is placed on the western and eastern windows, providing it with diffused light and avoiding burning sun rays on the leaves. The ambient temperature should be within + 25 ... + 27 ° C. Water the soil should be carefully and only after the drying of the upper layer of the substrate, because the roots still can not absorb moisture in large quantities. Once a day, spraying is carried out with soft distilled water from a spray bottle.
We recommend to read a detailed article on the care of the plant.
Reproduction Dieffenbachia cuttings
To do this, take a piece of the stem (or better, for safety, a few pieces) with a length of about 10-15 centimeters. This stem stem. If there are no leaves on this piece of stem, it doesn’t matter, the main thing is to have at least one or two buds on it.
Sometimes an adult dieffenbachia produces side shoots. They can also be used for growing young plants.
What are we doing?
Cut a piece of the stem (stalk) immersed in warm water for about 1-3 weeks. As a rule, during this time roots appear on the handle. The time of appearance of the roots depends on where the cutting is taken (from the apical, middle or lower part of the trunk).
We take a mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. Fall asleep in a prepared pot. We plant a germinated cutting, sprinkle it with earth and cover it with a plastic cap or a jar so that the plant feels like in a greenhouse. In order for Dieffenbachia to take root, she needs a temperature of at least 25 ° C. After Dieffenbachia is well established and, perhaps, released the first leaf, it can be transplanted into a larger - permanent - pot.
If a cut stalk delivered to water does not want to take root for a long time (this happens if cuttings are done in the fall, before the dormant period), then immediately dig it in the ground by two or three centimeters. For optimal germination conditions, cover the process with a transparent cap from a plastic bottle or jar (this is the same greenhouse).
After a couple of months, wait for the first leaves.
Experienced flower growers practice more original ways of breeding and renewing Dieffenbachia. For example, by dropping the apical shoot of dieffenbachia. Or you can put a flat segment of the stem with the kidneys and prikopat. Then not one but several bushes will sprout in a row, which looks very original.
And you can also not throw away the remaining stump, cut off from all sides, and water it and after a few months from the maternal base, young Diffenbachia bushes will sprout again.
As many flower growers have noticed, the various parts of the mother plant, taken for breeding, take root and root in different ways. Cuttings taken close to the top take root in the water better. A segment of the lower part of the trunk better take root right in the ground. It is best to take stem cuttings from the middle of the stem of the plant.
- Reproduction and rejuvenation is best done in spring and summer. Winter apical cuttings can sit in the water for a long time and not take root. It happens that they even shed all the leaves. Let it not upset you - if there are buds, they will surely germinate.
- For planting Dieffenbachia need light soil. You can use a universal soil mixed with vermiculite. Also, when planting in a pot, be sure to provide drainage.
- The flowerpot can immediately be taken spacious, as Dieffenbachia quickly takes up all the free space of the pot.
Well, the end of my story is that I took for myself ("by inheritance") the process of Dieffenbachia, which my mother-in-law was nursing. Thus, I also had this amazingly beautiful and unpretentious flower.
How to propagate dieffenbachia seeds
In the question of how to propagate dieffenbachia, vegetative propagation methods most often emerge, while the seed method is mentioned less often. This is due to the fact that the seed method is more laborious and involves not just sowing seeds in the ground, but also care after sowing and before the formation of a complete root system.
Propagation by cuttings
This method is usually used to rejuvenate dieffenbachia. When the lower part of the stem is bare due to age, and the top is quite decorative, it is cut and rooted.
For cutting use a knife or pruner, rubbed with alcohol - in order to avoid contamination of the cut. Cut the upper part of the plant to the desired length so that the lower node (the place where the leaves grow from) is 1.5-2 cm above the cut.
So, how to propagate dieffenbachia using apical cutting?
Reproduction by apical layers
To get a new flower, you need to know how to propagate dieffenbachia with apical cuttings. In this case, to propagate the plant, you must use a special technology. On the trunk, choose a place and make a couple of small cuts. These cuts should be moistened with moistened sphagnum moss. After that, we wrap this place of escape with opaque polyethylene and twine. Next, you must periodically moisten the water with moss so that it does not dry out.
When the roots are formed at the site of the cuts, the polyethylene with twine is removed and a fragment of the stem is cut off. Thus, both young and adult flower can be planted. In order to get in this case a new plant, you need to know how to plant dieffenbachia when forming the apical cuttings. The shoot with the roots should be planted in the ground with moss. Pot with a new flower is recommended to put on the western or eastern window. As you can see, this indoor flower can breed in three different ways. Regardless of which method was chosen, a new plant should be cared for in a certain way in order to speed up its survival.
Leaving after breeding
After breeding homemade dieffenbachia need to properly care. This flower needs access to fresh air. Therefore, the pot can be put on the loggia. However, the plant should not be affected by drafts.
Varieties with patterns should be grown in bright light, and monotonous - with moderate. Remember that the leaf and the stem should not fall into direct sunlight. It is necessary to grow such flowers at high humidity. Therefore, in addition to moderate watering, the plants should be sprayed with warm water. In summer, the room temperature should be + 22–28 ° C, and in winter - + 18–22 ° C.
Plant transplant is performed as needed.
Fertilizer in the pot should be from spring to early winter 1 time in 7 days. Now you know how dieffenbachia breeds at home. Choose your favorite method and grow this beautiful flower on your windowsill.
Terms of planting dieffenbachia
Start preparing for planting Dieffenbachia need more from the end of February, then for better rooting you need to hold seed stratificationwhich is pretty simple to do To do this, you need to put the seeds between two cotton pads soaked in water and send them for 2-3 weeks in the refrigerator.
After this period (the first half of March), the seeds can be sown.
Breeding dieffenbachia apex
The trunk dieffenbachia over time in the lower part of the bare, and the leaves remain only at the top.Such a plant can be used to produce several dieffenbachia at once, which will be provided by a separated tip, divided stem and root with hemp.
The top is cut in such a way that the cut passes below the kidney by a half to two centimeters. Then the apical stalk is placed cut into a container with water and a tablet of activated carbon dissolved in it. But you can immediately put the top in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. The optimum temperature for bruising is 22-25 ºC, and if it is cooler in the room, you will have to use the lower heating. To grow roots, a plant needs from two weeks to two months. When the roots reach a length of 3-4 cm, the plant is transplanted into a pot with a ground for dieffenbachy.
Root the top is better in the time period from February to early summer.
How to propagate dieffenbachia top cuttings
Propagation by cuttings more often carried out not only in order to obtain a new plant, but also in order to rejuvenate the parent plant. After a few years, at the dieffenbachia, the lower part of the stem becomes bare, and the upper part still retains its decorative effect.
During this period, the upper part is cut and rooted, and the lower part is restored.
Rooting in water - a process that does not require any special devices or special efforts. It is enough just to put the cutting in a container with water at room temperature and leave for a week or two until the roots appear.
In winter, this process can be delayed, and the cuttings will need more time to take root. In order to avoid contaminating the plant with putrefactive viruses and bacteria, you can add 2-3 tablets of crushed activated carbon to water.
It is possible to plant such cuttings only when roots of 2-3 cm in length appear on them. Then the cutting is ready for planting in the soil.
If you decide to root the cutting immediately in the soil, then this process will require more effort.
If the leaves of your dieffenbachia turned yellow or started to dry - do not panic, this is normal in the rooting process. In this case, the leaves just need to cut and facilitate the life of the flower, because these leaves do not benefit the plant, but require constant nourishment. In the soil stalk rooted for 2-3 weeks.
How to propagate dieffenbachia air layering
Dieffenbachia reproduction by layering - a method that is not particularly popular due to its complexity. Its essence is to propagate Dieffenbachia without cutting the cutting and make the roots form on the stem of a flower.
- make two shallow cuts horizontally in a circle on the stem,
- remove the bark to the cambium,
- roll the incision in a circle with moist sphagnum and then with food film,
- polyethylene secure with scotch / wire.
Propagation of dieffenbachia by dividing the bush
Dieffenbachia bush can be propagated by dividing the bush. To do this, the plant must be carefully removed from the pot and clean the root system from the ground. Immediately need to get rid of damaged roots. Then the root is cut so that 2-3 tuber remains on each delenka.
All places of cuts need to be treated with crushed activated carbon. It is worth working with gloves, because dieffenbachia juice can cause a burn when it comes into contact with the open skin, and you need to use a sharp instrument that has been treated with alcohol for dividing. Delenki need to be planted in pots in the soil already moistened.
Methods of reproduction dieffenbachia enough, and everyone can choose for themselves the one that will be most convenient. Even an inexperienced florist will be able to propagate dieffenbachia, thereby creating another decorative element for his house.
Alternative method of propagation of dieffenbachia - air layouts
In addition to grafting, you can propagate Dieffenbachia air layering. This method is less common due to its complexity. But it also has a place to be. Its meaning is to get the roots on the main stem of the Dieffenbachia, without cutting the stalk.
To do this, on a leafless stem, the dieffenbachia make two horizontal cuts in a circle, approximately at a distance of 2 cm from each other. In this area, round bark is removed to the cambium. An annular incision is wrapped in moist sphagnum moss, covered with plastic wrap on top.
Polyethylene is fixed with wire or tape so that it does not open. After 1-2 months through the plastic bag will begin to peep the roots. Then the polyethylene and moss are removed, and the trunk is cut below the formed roots.
The section is dried, treated with crushed activated carbon, cinnamon or brilliant green. Then planted in the ground.
Propagation of dieffenbachia by air layouts
As you can see, reproduction of dieffenbachia is not difficult, and even an old plant can always be rejuvenated or, by cutting cuttings from it, you can get whole thickets of new young Dieffenbachy.
How to propagate dieffenbachia at home
In practical breeding, the seed method is rarely used for several reasons. Dieffenbachia flowers appear in conditions close to tropical, which is unattainable in the apartment.
Color spike contains male and female inflorescences on opposite sides. Pollination by hand is not always effective. Therefore, the seed method is used by specialists, creating new varieties.
How does dieffenbachia reproduce in amateur gardens on the windowsill?
Tropican vegetative propagation methods
Dieffenbachia is a poisonous plant. Her milky sap can cause laryngeal edema, asphyxiation. The consequence of poisoning may be blindness. Especially the plant is dangerous for children and animals. When working with it, you should protect open areas of the body, wear glasses and rubber gloves.
Vegetative is the receipt of new plants through rooting of various parts of the ground bush. At the same time, special conditions are created for root germination. It is necessary that the part located in damp earth or water does not rot, but gives the beginnings of life, small roots. For reproduction use:
- stem cuttings,
- air layouts.
If rooting is carried out in the soil, then it is required to use peat and sand in equal proportions. In this case, the soil must be sterilized.
The composition is poured into a wide bowl, moistened with distilled water. In the process of germination, the temperature of the substrate should be 25-27 degrees, which can be done by a bottom thermostat.
Cover the greenhouse with a jar or bag, but be sure to air and monitor the humidity.
Propagation of dieffenbachia cuttings includes a number of preparatory operations.
The best rooting will be with spring planting material. If cuttings are taken without leaves, then a length of 20–15 cm, sections are treated with crushed coal and Kornevin, laid horizontally, and half are covered with earth.
Then new leaves will appear all over the stem in 10 months. You need to plant a whole branch of dieffenbachia, breeding is carried out, not cutting it into fragments.
Plant for rooting a long stalk can be tilted, with a recess of not more than 2 cm from one end.
Cuttings with leaves can be germinated in water or in a small school. But at the same time it is necessary to wipe and moisten the leaves, to air the greenhouse to prevent the appearance of mold. Appeared roots should grow up to 2-3 cm in length. In the water must be activated carbon. Sprout roots in the water way within two months.
Root tops better in water. Lower stem petioles rooted better in the soil. The middle part of the shoot equally well forms the roots in the water and substrate.
Air cuts can be obtained if the dieffenbachia barrel is incised in several places and inserted into the spacers. To process the open places by Kornevin, to wrap up in a damp pillow from moss. In open sections, located 5 mm along the branch, buds that awaken will give roots. After that, the twig is cut and planted in the prepared substrate.
How to propagate dieffenbachia after grafting
The emergence of the root of the root system will not be able to provide food for the ground part of the plants. They need to be transplanted into nutrient soil and rooted. For planting choose a spacious pot, a layer of drainage is placed high, so that excess water can be easily filtered.
The best land will be sour mixture for growing decorative leaf crops. During the reproduction of dieffenbachia at home, a young tender plant is watered only with warm boiled water, adding a root-stimulator.
A sign that the roots began to work will be growing green at the tops of the shoots.
All these methods of breeding allow you to save signs of uterine plants. After cutting the planting material, there is a stump from the old bush that rises 10 cm above the ground. If you regularly water it, not allowing the coma to dry completely, the stepchildren will grow on the post, giving rise to a new bush. True, you should be patient. The process takes several months.
Propagating Dieffenbachia is fascinating. It grows quickly, leaves are decorative and develop one after another. For greater clarity, the main methods of breeding Dieffenbachia on video.
Methods of breeding dieffenbachia at home
Dieffenbachia is a perennial plant with an evergreen crown. The birthplace of the flower is America - in a tropical climate, the flower feels great. Dieffenbachia belongs to the Aroid family and can be grown as a houseplant. Propagating adult dieffenbachia is not difficult, but you need to know a few rules and the correct sequence of actions.
Conditions for breeding dieffenbachia
To multiply dieffenbachia at home you need to be able to properly care for the plant and follow its needs. This applies to watering, choosing a place in the house, lighting and humidity, as well as the soil in which the flower grows. A complex of daily measures will help grow healthy Dieffenbachia, which can then be propagated and grown other specimens.
This plant reaches two meters in height, so it rarely fits on a windowsill. In this case, the flower pot should be placed on the floor away from the window - at a distance of about two meters. In summer, the air temperature should reach thirty degrees Celsius, and in winter it does not fall to 15 degrees.
Dieffenbachia does not tolerate draftstherefore, it must be moved away from the doorways. Humidity should be about 65%, otherwise the plant begins to lose leaves and does not tolerate transplanting and watering.
Moistening of the soil should be uniform - in the hottest time of the day, the earth should be watered abundantly, but not overdo it with this activity. Earth should not turn into mush.
Plant reproduction occurs in several ways - cuttings (stem or top of a flower), as well as leaf and air layering. The first method is the easiest and is suitable for those who have never had experience in breeding dieffenbachia.
To propagate dieffenbachia at home you need to be able to properly care for the plant and follow its needs.
Even the most well-groomed dieffenbachia gradually over time, the trunk becomes bare, as the older leaves die from the roots. The only way to preserve the attractiveness of the plant is to constantly replace the old flower with a new copy.
The optimal period for transplanting a flower and cutting it is spring. At this time, dieffenbachia begins an active period of growth and regeneration after winter dormancy. If, due to some circumstances, it is impossible to root a flower in spring, then this can be done at any convenient time, using an additional root formation stimulator.
Requirements for soil and planting capacity
It is rather simple to root the extracted cuttings - they need to be placed either in water or in the soil. It is in these two places that the plant begins to actively develop the root system, as it enters the nutrient medium. Before being placed in the ground, it must first be prepared.
First of all, the soil should be much lighter than the one in which it is planned to grow the flower. These properties have a mixture of peat and perlite (vermiculite). To reduce the risk of rotting roots in the ground, you can add activated or charcoal, ground into flour. The pot should be narrow and high, as the roots grow mainly in length.
It is rather simple to root the extracted cuttings of dieffenbachia - they need to be placed either in water or in soil
For cutting, you must use a sharp knife or pruner, which will not leave additional log cabins on the flower. Steel must first be rubbed with alcohol to completely avoid contamination of the new plant.
Important! Escape chosen for breeding should not be too short, have an unhealthy appearance - sluggish or yellow leaves, affected by parasites and diseases.
Before planting, the cutting must be dried for several hours or dry heteroauxin.
Before planting, the cutting must be dried for several hours.
The technology of propagation of dieffenbachia cuttings
The flower is propagated by two types of cuttings taken from individual parts of the plant - stem, apical and lateral. Reproduction by lateral processes is the most unusual and rare method., because the lateral buds do not always wake up and the flower in ordinary life does not allow additional branches.
How to propagate dieffenbachia leaf at home
Dieffenbachia is able to reproduce leaves. However, this method does not give 100% results, as new shoots in the process can die for various reasons.
Selecting a suitable sheet is simple - the lowest sheet that is closer to the root system is the best raw material. The leaf should be elastic, healthy.
It needs to be cut into several pieces, and a growth stimulator is used to accelerate growth. Observance of the optimum mode of air humidity, as well as the creation of the greenhouse effect help in reproduction.
After the appearance of the first roots, shoots are planted in a light soil for rooting in a permanent place.
Diffenbachia is able to reproduce leaves
How to spread dieffenbachia
Bush disenbachiya can be planted by dividing the main bush into several smaller parts during the flower transplanting period.
At the same time, the root system is practically not damaged, and the method allows you to get a few new plants with excellent immunity and a certain amount of energy.
All dividing shoots need to be checked for integrity and the likelihood of separation - it is that the branch cannot be separated without damaging the roots, and this absolutely cannot be done.
Part of the root scrapping must be treated with activated charcoal - the powder is poured into a slice, thereby disinfecting it. As a rule, the roots already have several small processes that are easy to master in the new capacity, and the planting itself will not take much time.
Reproduction by layering is an alternative method for obtaining new shoots of dieffenbachia
Propagation of dieffenbachia by air layouts
Reproduction by layering is an alternative method for obtaining new shoots of dieffenbachia. This method is more complicated than all the others, but rather interesting.
The point is that an adult plant does not need to be cut and killed right away, but only after the immediate appearance of the roots.On a bare stem, several horizontal cuts are made at a distance of two centimeters from each other.
In this case, the bark must be removed with a small strip, and then wrapped in moss and a package, securely fastened.
After a month and a half through the construction it will be possible to look through the first roots. After that, the package is removed, and the cut is treated with activated charcoal and planted in the soil.
Tips for caring for a young plant
A plant that is still not fully matured needs extra thorough care.
- In the first year it is recommended to place the flower on the western or eastern window, since diffused light has the most positive effect on restoration and growth. In this case, watering should be carried out when the top layer of the earth is completely dry after the previous wetting.
- In order for the stem to grow straight and the dieffenbachia does not have to be tied to a support in the future, the flower must be periodically turned, substituting its different sides with sunlight.
- Do not forget about regular moisture - the plant favorably tolerates a cold shower and constant spraying of the leaves. And in order for the leaves not to fall, the ground needs to be fertilized - fertilizing is introduced every two weeks.
Dieffenbachia is a flower whose juice is poisonous. It is not recommended to put it in a children's room and a room where pets live. All manipulations must be carried out with gloves. However, all difficulties will not replace the process of growing a flower, the appearance of the first shoots.
What to do with the root dieffenbachia?
Continue to water the remaining potted root, and after a while the sleeping bud will awaken on it, which will give a new shoot. When 2-3 leaves are formed on the shoot, it can be used for apical grafting. Sometimes several buds awaken on a stump, and all of them give rise to shoots, forming a pretty bush. Transplant the plant into a fresh substrate. and take care of him: in time it will look even prettier than its tree-like parent.
Propagation of bush dieffenbachia by dividing the bush
Spray varieties of plants are the easiest to divide. It is better to do it from March to September. Remove the shrub from the pot, gently clean the roots of the soil and divide the shrub so that each part has a strong, developed root. Sprinkle the slices with crushed charcoal and spread out the dumplings in prepared containers with a sterile substrate. After planting, the plants are watered. Until the leaves of all the seated defenbachy restore elasticity, the plants need to be sprayed frequently. The room temperature should be maintained at 23-25 ºC. And do not forget to shade delenki from direct sunlight.