Small compact varieties of Tui are extremely in demand in landscape design. Thuja western Danica - a plant with a dense rounded crown up to 80 cm high and about a meter in diameter belongs to dwarf forms.
Such an evergreen shrub will surely find a place near an alpine slide, in a decorative border, in group plantings among flowering perennials and as a soloing plant among stones or ground cover species.
Description of Tui Danika
Slow-growing variety, reaching the maximum size not earlier than the age of 15, was bred in the middle of the last century by Danish botanists. Since then, the thuja has become one of the most popular in the design of small areas where it is difficult to find a place for larger crops.
According to the description, thuja Danika is a coniferous evergreen shrub whose crown consists of many densely covered with soft needles of shoots. Most of the branches are directed upwards, which gives the small plant additional “fluffiness”.
Young needles, covering the ends of the shoots, has a needle shape. Later, it takes on the appearance of scales tightly attached to wood. In summertime, the crown of the western Danica thuja is colored in rich green tones.
By autumn, the needles turn brown and remain so until spring.
Plants are durable. With proper care, like other varieties, thuja Danika can reach the age of 150 years.
Of course, today there are no such old copies. But at the disposal of lovers of landscape design appeared Thuy Danika Aurea, even more original than the traditional plant. This shrub is not green, but bright golden needles.
Withstanding temperatures as low as –29 ° C, it is also winter-hardy and at the same time more dependent on sunlight. The unusual shade of the needles in the shade fades, and the crown of both the ordinary and golden ephedra of the gradual loses its spherical shape, becoming raspolapisty, sloppy.
Like all the ephedra of this genus, this species of thuja blooms almost unnoticed. Occasionally appearing brown-brown cones have a rounded shape and a diameter of not more than 6 mm. However, seeds are not suitable for reproduction. In culture, this compact form is distributed only by cuttings.
Planting and caring for Danica globular thuja
In order for a growing thuja to be lush and bright, it is important for her to find a suitable place. The ephedra perfectly feel in the sun and endure partial shade, but, falling under the thick crowns of trees or in the shade of a house, the plants risk losing their decorative effect.
Therefore, for the shrub of Danica globular tui, an open sunny place with loose, actively aerated soil is chosen. It is important that the root system of the plant does not suffer from close-seated or stagnant waters. Since young specimens are less resistant to cold and spring burns, the site should be protected from the wind:
- If landing of a thuja for a border is necessary, holes for bushes dig at a distance of 30 cm from each other. This will allow the crowns of neighboring plants to cross and form a single low wall.
- In single plantings, the western Danica thuja is planted at a distance of 50 cm from other plants. Such a measure will help the bush to form a beautiful, smooth spherical crown.
Thuy can do for a long time without watering, but grow best on moist fertile soil. A pit for planting shrubs does little more than the root system in a container. At the bottom of the drainage make of broken bricks, stone powder or expanded clay.
The soil for filling the landing pit is mixed with minerals and well-decomposed organic matter.
After backfilling, the ground is easily rammed and watered, and the circle under the crown is thickly mulched with peat left over by mowing grass, wood chips or other composition.
After planting, the care of Danica's thuja, as in the photo, consists in watering, adding mulch and monitoring crown condition.
In the hot season, the bushes should receive water. To wet the roots, 10-20 liters is poured under each plant. The soil under the thuja gently loosen and fall asleep mulch. With prolonged drought and heat, the crown can be irrigated with warm water.
In the spring hvoynik feed special mixtures, allowing the needles to be as bright as possible.
A characteristic feature of the plant is a low growth rate, leaving only 4–5 cm in width and height. Therefore, fertilizer does not have a serious influence on the growth of the crown.
Usually, valued in the landscape design of the thuya Danik does not need special formative pruning. However, trimming old, dead or incorrectly overgrown branches is indispensable. Sanitary pruning is carried out in early spring. During her:
- remove dry branches,
- they cut the branches broken by wind or snow,
- they cut the pine needles drained by the bright spring sun.
It is better to cover young plants with autumn spruce branches in the fall, which will protect them from frost and the ubiquitous rodents, who often choose a space under their crown for a winter dwelling.
In cold weather, thuja bushes are covered with snow. To guarantee the bright color of the crown field of a snowless winter will help shelter sacking or non-woven material.
Tui Danica in landscape design
An undersized thuja with a crown that has a natural globular shape, could not find its place in gardening.
If larger species require a lot of space, complex care and regular haircuts, the dwarf thuja plant of western Danik, as in the photo, can be easily presented:
- on a rocky hill in the tiny garden,
- as part of a low tight curb
- in a container that is easy to put on a terrace or loggia, use to decorate a spacious hall or patio,
- on a flower bed framed by creeping perennials,
- against the background of high ornamental deciduous shrubs or bright tall flowers.
An unpretentious ornamental conifer, even with such modest dimensions, invariably becomes an ornament to any garden, and its maintenance does not take much time or strength of a gardener.
Description: varieties and varieties of western arborvitae
Danica is a type of thuja of the western globular cypress family. Varieties of dwarf trees have a neat rounded crown, which effectively looks on the photo in the open ground and in the greenhouse. It also has resistance to frost and urban dust. Crohn grows at 4-5 cm per year, up to about 60-80 cm, and is durable. Other characteristics of Tui Danika:
- the width of an adult plant is up to 1 m,
- the crown is thick,
- sprigs grow vertically,
- needles are thin, scaly, soft, rich green color,
Thuja Danica - spherical bush
- does not bloom, occasionally produces small rounded bumps,
- shoots are short, light green,
- bark - gray, with a brown or red tint,
- roots lie near the surface.
Attention! The needles of annual seedlings consists of small and thin juvenile needles. And only with maturation they are replaced by a scaly layer.
Among the variety of western Tui in Russia, the variety Danika Aurea is still in demand. He is short, up to 40 cm. Even in the photo it is noticeable that Aurea has lighter and narrower corners. This variety is able to withstand -29 ° C in snowy winters.
In matters of cultivation and care thuja unpretentious. Planting in the open field on a sunny plot will help form the perfect healthy crown. Also the place should be sheltered from the wind. The plant loves light subacid soils.
Plant the plant away from drafts
Landing is carried out as follows:
- Prepare the substrate in advance. Mix 50% of leaf or sod soil, 25% of sand and peat.
- Make a hole at 60-80 cm.
- Fertilize the soil with nitroammofoskoy. On one sapling - about 500 g.
- Dig a tree. The root neck should be flush with the soil.
Council If the soil in your area is heavy or the groundwater is close to it, for growing, arrange a drainage layer of rubble at the bottom of the pit approximately 15–20 cm.
Danica Tua Care
Caring for a young plant involves watering 1 time per week. Let the seedling get drunk (10–20 l of water) and irrigate the greens. From the second month after planting, the watering level is reduced. In a drought, the amount of water on the contrary can be increased.
Council Each watering accompany shallow loosening. Also make and regularly update mulch. It can be collected from dry humus or peat or from wood chips.
The thuja western normally transfers frosts, it is necessary to cover in the conditions of an open ground only one-year-olds. Gardeners apply thin burlap. But the plant does not tolerate heat. In summer, a shadow for her can be created artificially. Spring care begins with pruning. Remove the dry and dead parts, trim the spherical shape.
Thuja responds well to top dressing
Fertilizer and dressing for trees
Decorative culture can grow without fertilizers. But dressing will give her crown density and rich color. The technology is simple:
- Organics - during the spring and in June. Fertilize around the plant under a shallow digging (up to 10 cm).
- Mineral top dressing: saltpeter and wood ash. Bring in the same period, alternating with organic.
Council Complex mineral mixtures are also used as fertilizers: 50–60 g per 1 sq. M. m
Plant reproduction at home
If you want to get more copies of western thuja for decorating the plots, work on the independent reproduction of the plant. The only effective way is grafting. They extract material from woody or semi-woody shoots. The optimal time for planting and rooting is autumn.
The breeding process is as follows:
- Build a greenhouse. Cuttings rooted in conditions of high humidity. The walls of the greenhouse should be transparent in order to give the plant plenty of light.
- Cut off a suitable shoot length of about 50 cm. For reproduction on it must necessarily be a process-heel. Remove the needles from the bottom of the cutting and soak it in the root stimulator.
- Prepare the soil of equal shares of turf land, sand and peat.
- When planting, deepen the stalk by 3 cm.
- Open the greenhouse for 15–20 min. in a day. Spray the cuttings.
Attention! If reproduction is done correctly, expect the roots to appear in about a month. Already in spring the seedlings will be ready for open ground.
Diseases and pests of the western Danica thuja
The plant is resistant to pests and diseases, but the risk of damage still exists:
Healthy plant resistant to pests
- Aphids and spider mites cause yellowing of the needles.
- Because of the needles of insects, needles become brown, and the tops of the shoots dry out.
Attention! Chemical preparations for protection against harmful insects set.
It is important to determine the nature of the disease in order to choose the right treatment.
Western Danica Thuja Diseases:
- brown mold,
- trunk rot,
- root rot.
The remedy for any rot is radical - burning the affected plant so that the ail does not spread to other residents of the garden. Prevention - spring spraying with a fungicide. Brown mold, which manifests itself during the spring thaw, is less aggressive. Destroy the dead parts of the tree. Care for healthy elements is antimicrobial spraying.
Tui Danika and her combination with other plants
Cultivation of Tui Danika is possible as an independent element of decor and in combination with other cultures. It looks great in the company of flowering shrubs in the front garden or as a hedge.
The dwarf thuja is decorated with lawns in administrative buildings. The best neighbor for Danica is the same plant. Although the right combination with other cultures, for example, in rock gardens can be attractive.
Sometimes, instead of a ball, the owners form freakish figures from the bush.
All varieties of thuja Danica are decorative conifers, which are excellent for northern latitudes. Proper care will help you get beautiful green balls of delicate needles.
Unpretentious thuja western Danika decorates the landscape all year
The evergreen coniferous shrub gives the landscape a beautiful view in all seasons. Bred in Denmark thuja western Danika (Thuja occidentalis Danica) - dwarf spherical shrub of the cypress family, pleased landscape designers with unpretentiousness to the light growing conditions and undemanding to soil moisture.
The name of the variety Danik of a coniferous shrub of the western thuja species is reflected country of selection. The variety is characterized by small bushes - up to 80 cm in height and width. The life span of Danika is about 200 years, the tree grows very slowly, adding a year up to 5 cm in height and up to 4 cm in width. Variety belongs to the miniature spherical tuyam.
Thuja branches with small needles are directed upwards. To the touch conifer needles are soft. The plant rarely blossoms, a small half-centimeter brown nipple appears at the place of the flowered inflorescence.
How much are seedlings
Saplings are sold in nurseries, they are acclimatized to the growing conditions, thanks to proper care healthy and have a well-groomed appearance.
The range of prices of seedlings is large - from 850 to 1850 rubles. When forming the price, the plant variety, the height of the bush is taken into account.
It is useful. The cost of seedlings is affected by the territorial prices and the age of the plant.
The pit for planting seedlings is prepared a little bit larger than the pot with the purchased thuja. To prevent plant roots from rotting from excess moisture, drainage is placed at the bottom of the prepared site - expanded clay, gravel, broken brick. Top drainage sprinkled with a layer of sand, peat, turf.
A plant taken out of a seedling pot, along with an earthy clod, is placed in a pit so that the root neck is at the level of the ground. In order to avoid rotting of the root system, the lump of land with the roots is not deepened, and in order for the plant to get sufficient nutrition, the roots are not bare.
Tightened roots should be straightened, covered with a depression with soil planted with a plant, watered. To retain moisture in the ground and prevent the appearance of a crust, the ground beneath the thuja is mulched with peat, wood shavings, and dry foliage.
It is useful. Engaging in planting (planting, transplanting) is necessary in the morning or evening, when there is no heat and ruthless ultraviolet rays.
The plant can withstand dry ground for some time, but it is not worth making it survive. To make the shrub beautiful, it needs to be watered in a timely manner, occasionally fed with mineral nitrogen-containing fertilizers and with calcium.
If the shrub is attacked by aphid, mite, fungal diseases, gardeners resort to the help of insecticides and fungicides.
In landscape design
In landscape design, Danik is used in the design of lawns near office buildings, in alpine hills and coniferous-bush mixborders of the park area. Tuyu planted in groups and single plants in the country and in the garden near the cottage.
Danica tolerates a haircut well, and the crown of the thuja is shaped into animals, geometric shapes. To update the haircut on a slow-growing plant has rarely. Dwarf trees make out a hedge, planting plants close to each other. Varietal plants develop normally in the shade, the needles only darken due to lack of sun.
It is useful. A plant grown in a sunny place differs from that growing in a shade by a more vivid color and density of branches.
Grow a plant in pots to decorate the terraces, loggias, balconies.
The miniature tree is suitable for stone compositions and is used in Japanese-style gardens.
Flowerbed with spherical thuja
On the alpine hill
Small trees are used in interior design as a bonsai tree.
Spherical western thuja has become widespread in Russia. She keeps the shape of the crown without a haircut, has a beautiful bright green color. Planted along the perimeter of the flower bed gives an aristocratic look to the local area.
In a bright composition greens of a thuja shades saturated color of other flowers.
Thanks to the greenness of the spherical thuja, it is easy to create bright accents, and only this shrub is enough to give the mixborder an irregular look and feel.
Sort Danica Aurea (Danica Aurea) different golden-green crown. A spherical tree grows only 40 cm in height in 10 years. In time, its height will be 1 m. A miniature aurea tree can be grown in houses like a bonsai tree.
Danica Aurea turns yellow in the sun and becomes greener in the shade, intensely colored from mid-summer, the colorful outfit remains until the onset of cold weather. The golden thuja crown harmonizes with the green of the grass and the scarlet color of the roses.
Danica Aurea's ball looks spectacular in composition with tall green trees and bright colors.
Thuy look good in compositions with green plants and bright buds. Companions of Danika will be:
- coniferous plants, including different varieties of thuja,
- ovoid and cone-shaped trees,
- bladder needle
- mechelist pommel,
- purple echinacea,
- plants contrasting in color.
Landscape ornamentation with thujas climbing plants that twine a low tree and cover the crown will be reduced. In the garden composition, a small plant is lost among closely planted tall shrubs and flowers with a high volumetric bush. The neighborhood with flowers on a high thin stalk and with low, flush with thuja stems, landscape designers welcome.
Reviews of site owners are full of messages that the cold-resistant decorative Danica came to their taste. She is not afraid of transplants and takes root in a new place, grows well densely planted along the hedge and a single plant. Unpretentiousness to climatic conditions allows to grow this variety of thuja throughout Russia.
The beautiful view of the spherical dwarf thuja motivates the owners of the site to buy several more thujas - the same variety and other varieties for an experiment with landscape design.
Thuja spherical western grade of Danika: landing, leaving and cultivation, registration of design
The thuja western spherical "Danika" is a plant of family cypress and belongs to the class dwarfish. This thuja is derived in Denmark, whence its name comes. The plant is very beautiful and unpretentious, so planting it in your own area and carrying out simple maintenance is an excellent choice.
Thuja western Danica Description: The plant looks like a spherical, evergreen, regular-shaped shrub that has several advantages.
- The small size will allow you to create compositions from several bushes, as well as singly.
- The shape of the crown does not change and requires very minor straightening shears.
- The needles have a very beautiful color that does not change throughout the year.
- With proper care, thuja Danika will live for about a hundred years.
It should be borne in mind that thuja grows rather slowly, about six centimeters per year (in height), and practically does not bloom.
Selection of seedlings
How to choose seedlings? To do this, follow some simple rules:
- Acquire planting material in the nursery or from a proven gardener, this will guarantee the survival and high-grade of the plant.
- It is better to take a plant that has already wintered in the appropriate climate.
- Ensure that the branches and roots do not break during transportation to the site.
Drop the Danica best in the spring, so that the bush could adapt to a particular climate before the winter cold.
The best soil for the Western Danica variety is a soil of sod, sand and peat. It grows well in clay and in wetlands. Shrub does not like the direct rays of the sun, the penumbra will be optimal for him. It is also necessary to protect the western thuja from strong drafts.
Planting Tui Danika - the process is not too complicated. After the landing site has been determined, a hole is dug out approximately ninety centimeters deep and centimeters forty wider than the root ball.
Before planting in the pit, you can add compost or diluted manure. The plant is carefully placed in a hole, straightening the roots. Then the landing pit should be filled with prepared soil and carefully tamped.
The first watering should not exceed the volume of two watering cans. After complete absorption of moisture followed by sawdust, chips, etc. grind the soil to avoid drying out.
Must be tracedso that the lower branches and the trunk were not mulched.
If several plants are planted, then the distance between them should not be less than one meter, and in the case of landing a whole alley - not less than four meters.
Taking care of Danica’s western thuja is not a big deal. Growers say that even without human intervention, the shrub will grow beautifully if the landing site is well chosen. But some of the points described below are still desirable to observe.
- Land under the plant should be loosened at least once a season to a depth of about ten centimeters.
- Dried shoots are removed with a secateur, they also slightly form a crown from healthy shoots. Particularly careful pruning should be carried out when the thuja Danika is a living fence.
- It is necessary to feed a shrub no more than once a year, and it is better with organic fertilizer, for example, diluted manure.
- Watering is done in moderate volume.
- In hot weather and no rain, it will be good to spray the whole plant with water at room temperature.
Danica spherical thuja is quite resistant to various pests. However, trouble can happen to this plant. Description of the main threats:
- Insects that damage the root system, can greatly harm the health of the tree.
- Spider mites, aphid, leafworm, etc. are pests for Tui, because of them it can turn yellow and lose appearance.
- Insects that damage the needles (needles) are also dangerous to Tui. This, for example, the mole is speckled. When attacking needles, needles will turn brown, and the tops will dry up altogether.
Pest control measures consist in spraying shoots with special solutions that can be purchased at a specialty store.
Diseases are quite rare, but for optimal care it is necessary to know about possible problems.
- Rot. At defeat of a plant by a fungus there is a rot of a trunk and escapes. The needles will become brown, the texture of the branches is soft, on the trunk you can see a bloom whitish. Patient thuja should be removed from the site in order to avoid infection of neighboring plants. For the prevention, it is necessary to treat the plants with special preparations at least once a year.
- Mold. The disease manifests itself in the spring, manifested in the fact that the trunk is covered as if with cobwebs. There is mold right under the snow, and it develops well there. With the defeat of mold the branches of the tree die. It is necessary to remove dead branches, remove cobwebs, treat thuja with anti-mildew agent.
- Root rotting. Very serious disease, which is characterized by a gray shade of needles, softening of the trunk, drying out of the branches. The diseased plant should be immediately removed along with the soil located around the root ball. The cause of decay is a fungus, spores of which may remain in the soil.
Tui Danica is a universal plant for gardens, cottages, schools and various institutions.
It is beautiful, unpretentious, and also very useful, since its needles secrete essential substances that clean the air from harmful microbes.
Therefore, anyone who wants to decorate their site can be recommended to grow this variety, because the western Tunic will delight with its beauty for many years, not demanding from owners of high costs.
Thuja western Danica: photos, features of planting and care
Each owner of the plot wants to create a harmonious and cozy atmosphere on its territory.
Today, the majority comes to the conclusion that this can be achieved by planting perennial conifers that will decorate the yard and will not require special care. An excellent option in this situation would be the thuka Danika.
Thuja western globular Danica (Thuja occidentalis Danica) is a cypress plant belonging to the dwarf western thuja.
- Danica shrub description
- Western Tanica Thuja Varieties
- Planting shrubs
- Care and cultivation
- Sunburn Protection
- Watering, loosening and soil mulching
- Winter cold protection
- Tui Danica in landscape design
This variety was bred back in 1948 in Denmark, and this is due to its name. Spherical shrubs unpretentious enough in care, so it is often used in landscape design.
Danica shrub description
This variety of thuja will look great on any household plot, as well as other globular thujas: Miriam, Golden Glob. But it is Danica that has several advantages regarding the financial and physical costs of caring for the plant.
The characteristics of the bush that makes it so popular are as follows:
- the presence of a dense and permanent crown,
- the vertical position of the needles is absolutely correct,
- shrub color preservation throughout the year,
- availability of compact size.
Thuja western Danica, and in a scientific way Thuja occidentalis Danica, is an evergreen conifer of the cypress family, growing rather slowly.
The shrub, as mentioned above, has a fairly compact size: its maximum height can reach 80 cm and its diameter is 1 m. These sizes determine the length of the shoots, which are short dense sprigs of light green color, having a vertical arrangement.
The annual increase in size is 5 cm in height and 4 cm in width, which makes it possible to obtain a crown diameter of 40 cm only in 10 years.
The crown of the Danica shrub is a vertical and parallel rows of dense needles, creating a semblance of a ball in a decorative mass.
Directly needles are flat and scaly, having a contrasting dark green color with a brilliant sheen. And also fruits can be observed in the form of brown round cones with a maximum diameter of 12 mm.
Western Tanica Thuja Varieties
Varietal composition of the western Danica thuja represented by only one species - Danica Aurea. Its small size in combination with gilded color are very popular. As a rule, it is used for planting in rock gardens, group ensembles with diverse coniferous plants, as well as for landscaping rockeries.
The increase in size is almost similar to the growth rate of Tui Danik. But its maximum height is a little less - 80 cm. The peculiarity is that in winter the color of this variety gets a noticeable bronze tint.
Despite the high rate of winter hardiness, Danica Aurea requires sheltering to protect against the active sun in the spring. In the spring season, it is desirable to carry out preventive measures to protect the shrub with a tank mixture, despite the fact that the hallmark of Aurea is an unusually high resistance to diseases and pests.
Planting Tui begins, like another plant, with a choice of location. So, there is no particular difference: will the choice fall on a well-lit place or partial shade, but the first option is considered more preferable.
Because of the amount of light received, the beauty and pomp of the crown will hang: the more light, the more beautiful Danica will look. This plant has no special requirements for the composition of the soil.
The main thing is that it is not depleted, because it will act as a source of nutrition, and it should be left moistened.
Despite the fact that thuja can be grown from seeds and cuttings, the best option is to plant ready seedlings from the nursery. If the nursery is nearby, this variety is zoned for the region of future bush growth. A healthy appearance will indicate the correct choice of seedling.
Planting should be carried out in the evening or morning, when the activity of the sun's rays is insignificant. The holes are prepared slightly more than the seedling root system. For this variety, all planting rules must be observed.Described below:
- It is necessary to make a good drainage of expanded clay, gravel, broken bricks.
- Must be a layer of soil from turf, peat and sand.
- The root neck should be located at ground level, without burial or bare.
- Mulching should be done using peat, dry foliage or sawdust.
- After landing, proper care should be taken.
The deadlines for planting ready-made Danik tui seedlings have a huge run-up from March to November. But the best fall for the spring and summer season. Then the root system will have time to get stronger before the arrival of frosty weather.
The dwarf shrub, which is a member of the cypress family, comes from Denmark, where it was bred in the middle of the 20th century.
Thuja western Danica (Thuja occidentalis Danica) is unpretentious to light conditions. She feels great, both in partial shade and in the sun.
This plant is undemanding to the soil, and therefore does not suffer from planting in a place with dry soil or soil that is excessively moist. At the same time, the view of this thuja needs fresh and fertile soil.
The shrub is resistant to frost, but needs shelter if the planted seedlings are to survive the first winter.
The spherical crown of this species of thuja has a diameter of up to 0.6 meters and is distinguished by density. The same indicator is typical for the height of the plant.
Reproduction and planting
This species of thuja breeds like all members of this family:
- lignified cuttings
- semi-woody cuttings.
To propagate thuya seeds, they need to leave in the fall under the snow. This will speed up germination. In the spring, seeds are harvested and sown.
The depth of their embedding into the ground should not exceed 0.5 cm. Such seeds are not filled with earth, but with sawdust.
During the reproduction of thuja cuttings, they are initially treated with heteroauxin. Rooting is carried out in greenhouses or directly on the garden plot.
In order for the cuttings to root well, it is necessary to water them for 30 days at the rate of one bucket per bush. Watering is carried out once a week.
Danica globular tui are demanding for irrigation, which is carried out at least twice a week.
At the same time spend at least two buckets of water for each bush. You also need to find time for frequent irrigation of the crown of the plant. After watering the land around the shrub a little loosened and mulch with peat.
Only under the condition that the planting and care for the thuja is carried out correctly, can the bush be guaranteed a long life. Thuja can grow more than 20 years, so it is better to take care of its longevity in advance, rather than trying to dissolve it annually.
Shrub need to constantly feed. This will increase the density of the needles. Also feeding contribute to the fact that the plant becomes brighter.
If you plan to make organic fertilizers, then it should be done in the root zone. At the same time deep digging is not allowed. You can make and mineral fertilizers - ashes or saltpeter. Such fertilizers will improve the quality of the soil.
You may be interested in an article about the healing properties of thuja.
About why tui yellow, you can read here.
In the spring, overwintered plants pruned dry branches. Also carry out the formation of the crown. You need to make sure that the plant does not get sunburn. Otherwise, there is a risk of infection of the shrub with a fungal disease.
The main pests of this species of thuja are tuey aphids and false shields.
In the spring to establish positive night temperatures on the needles, the formation of ice crust occurs, which can lead to the occurrence of sunburn. Due to the fact that the frozen water actually becomes a lens that refracts the sun's rays, it is advisable to immediately shake it off.
Thuis of a young age, growing near the white fence in a well-lit place, and especially on heavy soils, are also subject to burns.
The creation of an earthen mound or a sand mound may serve as a protective measure: when the ice melts, the shrub will not suffer.
As well as to protect against sunburn, you can use burlap, which can be purchased at any building supermarket. She directly covers the shrub, or she pulls on the frame, creating a shadow for the thuja.
Watering, loosening and soil mulching
Thuja loves moisture and reacts positively to additional moisture. In the first two weeks after planting seedlings under each need to pour out one to five buckets of water, depending on its size.
In summer, when hot weather persists, additional watering should be organized at the rate of one and a half - two buckets per plant. After watering, the soil beneath the thuja should be plowed to a maximum depth of 10 cm. If you do it deeper, you can damage the root system.
When planting and before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to mulch with the use of humus, peat, crushed bark, small chips.
According to experts, there is a reason feed such complex mineral fertilizers. Top dressing should be carried out in the middle of spring at the rate of 60 grams of solid fertilizers per 1 sq. Km. m. of soil.
And also a good result has micronutrients. Thuja responds well to the introduction of organic fertilizers in the amount of 50 grams per 1 square meter. m
But it should be borne in mind that if during planting fertilizers were applied, then in the next two years there is no need to feed the shrubs.
Pruning shrubs It is an integral part of comprehensive care. Frequent elimination of unnecessary branches makes the greens more dense and lush. The optimal time for the procedure is considered to be early spring before bud break, but if necessary, it can also be done in early autumn.
The first pruning should be carried out no earlier than three years of shrub. As a rule, eliminate no more than a third of the branch so that the thuja does not weaken. Before carrying out it is necessary to prepare a good pruner, which does not damage the thuja.
Winter cold protection
If thuja is already adult, there is no need to cover it: it is enough to mulch the soil under a bush. And if she is not five years old, then she is considered a young plant, which requires shelter with spruce branches, protecting it from the cold. But before that, it is necessary to thrash and mulch high the area around the trunk.
Tui Danica. Description, landing, care:
Planting conifers in the garden or on the plot in front of the house has long been very popular. These wonderful evergreen plants not only delight the eye in winter and summer, but also fill the air with magical phytoncides that have a beneficial effect on health.
Tui Danik in a large family of conifers is perhaps the most popular plant among gardeners.
The attention is attracted by its beautiful neat appearance, as if a topiar master worked on the tree, as well as miniature sizes, which provide the widest possible use of Tui in landscape design.
Tui Danica: description of the plant
The conifer in question is a member of the Cypress family and belongs to the western thuja species. The name Danica was a plant due to the fact that this variety was developed by a Danish breeder. Differs a variety of miniature size and beauty of the crown.
Thuja Danica lives up to 200 years, grows incredibly slowly, giving an annual increase in height of about 5 cm, and in volume - up to 3-4. Standard 20-cm seedlings, which are most often sold in nurseries, after 12 years will reach its maximum height of 80 cm.
The diameter of their crowns will be about the same. That is, the plant will look like a living green ball. Dani thuja twigs look up and grow quite compact. The needles on them are thin, scaly, soft to the touch. In young seedlings, they have the appearance of small needles.
Flowers and, as a result, fruits of thuja are rare. These are small, slightly more than 0.5 cm in diameter of a brown nipple.
Tui Danika propagates by cuttings and, in the rarest of cases, by seeds. The second method is used only if there is no other possibility to get this plant. The tuis cones are harvested in the fall or early winter, until seeds have spilled out of them.
They are dried in a cool place to easily reveal and get the contents. Seeds must be stratified beneath a layer of snow. In early spring, they are sown in the ground to a depth of 0.
5 cm and at a distance of 10 cm from each other (and more), sprinkled with finely chopped needles, mixed with light soil, watered. Seed germination is quite high, but plant growth is unusually slow.
At the age of three, saplings will be ready to be transplanted to the right place. The disadvantage of this method: the plants grown from the seeds almost do not retain the external characteristics of the variety.
Thuja cuttings western Danica breeds much more often. Harvested planting material in cloudy weather, cutting off only young shoots. Before disembarking, they are kept in water for a day (potassium permanganate can be added). After placed under a slight slope in the ground to a depth of about 6 cm, watered.
You can plant cuttings in a small greenhouse. If this operation is carried out in the spring, rooting will occur in the same year, and if in the summer or in the fall, a callus will form a whole year, and only next year the roots will develop from it.
There are cases when the thuja, grown from side shoots, did not have a sufficiently smooth beautiful crown, so they try to take the cuttings from the central branches.
In view of the above difficulties, it is preferable to buy Daniu Danika, who is ready for planting, in nurseries.
Where to plant
It is considered a very unpretentious plant of thuja Danika. Landing can be carried out in sunny areas or in partial shade. Any soil suits her, provided that the pH does not exceed 7 and not less than 5. In general, all Western thujas are Calcephilus, and Danica Thuja is no exception.
This plant likes watering, but can withstand dry soil for some time. If groundwater is located close to the surface, drainage must be laid at the bottom of the landing pit.
Some gardeners do not fertilize thuja, but these plants still need rare fertilizing with nitrogen and calcium fertilizers to maintain the beauty of the crown and a healthy existence. On very acidic soils, lime must also be added to the soil.
A hole for the seedling is dug a little more than the volume in which it is grown. The plant is placed in it together with the earthy lump, straightening with the trapped roots, gently covered with earth and watered. Mulched on top.
Any gardener or the owner of a private house only joy will deliver Thuy Danika. Plant care is simple and easy. After proper planting, it remains only to water the tree until it is stronger. Then the amount of watering can be reduced.
Thuja can withstand drought, but the tree should not be subjected to such a test. Danica tolerates frost equally well. In regions where there is a lot of snow, young saplings can not be warmed, and where winters are frosty and snowless, it is advisable to cover with sacking or lapnik in the first years after planting.
The care of a tree also includes pest control, if they show up. The thuja can be attacked by aphid cypress and tuevaya, scytwick, false guard, spider mite, tuevaya moth, some mushrooms.
To deal with them you need appropriate insecticides and fungicides, and for the prevention of fungal diseases to process the tree "Fundozol", according to the instructions attached to the preparation.
Use in landscape design
Thuja western Danica for designers is just a treasure. Variants of its use - countless. This wonderful plant can be decorated curbs, the main entrance to the building, flower beds. Danica is planted on alpine hills, rockeries and green lawns.
It looks great in group compositions and in single plantings, on a small area and in spacious gardens. Use it as a hedge. Miniature sizes allow you to grow such a thuja in pots in rooms, decorate loggias and balconies with it.
Thick beautiful crown and tolerance of the tree to a haircut open up opportunities for the flight of fantasy in topiary. By planting Danica on the lawn or at the entrance to the house, you can make her a flower, an animal, geometric shapes.
There is a thuja Danika with a golden crown. This variety is called Aurea. In addition to the interesting color of the needles, the variety is even slower, but ultimately the tree can stretch up to a meter in height and up to 1.5 m in width.
Description and features of thuja "Danika"
Thuja "Danica" – evergreen shrub of the cypress family, dwarf form of western thuja. It has a spherical shape. Thuja "Danica" grows to 60-75 cm in height. The krone reaches in diameter to 1 m.
The culture is characterized by slow growth, because in one year it grows only up to 5 cm in height and 4 cm in breadth. The crown of the tree is dense. The needles are painted in green color, soft to the touch, scaly. All the branches are directed upwards, which gives the plant an attractive look.
The plant does not bloom profusely. It is extremely rare to see small (up to 60 mm in length) rounded nodules of brown color. Seedlings of the danika thuja are small (up to 10 mm in length) needles. They are called juvenile. Then they turn into flat scales, tight to each other.
Retains its decorative appearance throughout the year. It tolerates winter cold.
How to choose thuja seedlings when buying
Before planting Daniu, it is necessary to approach the choice of seedlings with all the responsibility and use the following tips:
- Buy material only from proven gardeners or in nurseries. This ensures its viability, purity of the variety, zoning.
- Seedlings should like the shape and appearance.
- If you buy thuja in the nursery, you need to ask for a plant growing far from the road.
- For specimens brought to our latitudes, the presence of a small amount of weeds is considered a good sign. This means that the tree has already wintered in our country and has remained healthy.
- It is very important to transport Dani Tui to the dacha. When transporting should be ensured that the branches and roots are not broken.
The choice of location and soil for planting thuja seedlings
The best soil for planting "Danica" will be turf soil with sand and peat. It can also grow on poorer lands — swampy, clayey, etc. Acidity does not matter.
It is desirable that the plant was in the penumbra, since in direct sunlight it dehydrates and tolerates wintering worse. In addition, the culture reacts poorly to drafts.
Preparatory procedures and planting seedlings Tui Dani
The pit for planting “Danica” is dug 30-40 cm wider and 20-30 cm deeper than a clod of earth with seedling roots. At the bottom pour a little rotted manure or ordinary compost.
Before planting, the roots of the thuja are dipped into water and kept there until the air stops bubbling.
Tuya put in the middle of the pit, gently straighten the roots, make sure that the root collar is located a few centimeters above ground level. Then fall asleep tree universal soil mixture, carefully compacted the ground at the base.
Water thawed at the rate of two watering cans per plant. After the liquid is absorbed, peat, pine bark, compost, or simply splinter mulch the tree trunk to help protect the roots from drying out.
When planting a thuja, the distance between the trees should be at least 1 m. If an alley is planted, observe a distance of 3-4 meters.
Watering, loosening and soil mulching
Thuja responds positively to additional moisture. In the first 14-15 days after planting, 10-50 liters of water are poured under each seedling daily, depending on its size. On hot summer days, additional watering is also required at the rate of 15 liters per plant.
After adding water, you need to loosen the soil under the thuja to a depth of 8-10 cm. You should not do it deeper, because the root system can be damaged. Mulch the tree with humus, peat, crushed bark, small chips during planting and preparing for cold weather.
Hedgehog hedges and use in landscape design
Thuja "Danica" in landscape design is considered a universal plant. It can be used both in large gardens and in miniature plantings at country houses. You can plant as one tree, and combine the culture with other plants.
The style of such compositions can be different - from free to strict and graphic (in Japanese style, at administrative buildings, etc.). The tree will look spectacular in the front garden, mixborder, on the alpine hill. To decorate the loggia, balcony, terrace, you can use the thuja in the container.
"Danica" will be an excellent material for hedges, because from closely planted plants you can make green borders. Since culture is malleable, it is not difficult to form different geometric figures, animals, birds, etc.
Fight against diseases and pests of a tuan "Danika"
Despite the resistance of the thuja spherical to diseases and pests, you should know how to prevent and combat them.
Trunk rot caused by fungus. Symptoms of the disease are browning of the needles, softening of the tissues of the branches. Experienced gardeners recommend immediately removing the diseased tree from the site, destroying all plant debris. This will help to protect from neighboring plants. To avoid the onset of the disease, it is recommended to process thuja with simple fungicides 2-3 times a year.
A serious fungal disease is root decay. Needles acquires a gray tint. The plant begins to dry out gradually, and the trunk at the bottom becomes soft so that it can be pushed through with your fingers. It is necessary not only to urgently remove the diseased plant, but also to try to remove from the site all the soil on which it grew. It is in the land that disease-related disputes persist.
After the snow "Danik" can attack brown mold. With her, the plant is covered with a characteristic cobweb, and individual branches die off. It is necessary to carefully remove all the damaged parts of the plant, carefully collect the entire web so that the disease does not pass to the neighboring trees. It is also useful to process the culture with special preparations that are widely represented in gardening stores.
The most dangerous Tui pests are spider mite, aphid, motley moth, leafworm, scytwalka, tuevoy bark beetles and some others. With the defeat of a tree with aphids or mites, it begins to dry, the needles turn yellow, and soon it may even fall off.
Often there are also pests that eat pine needles. Then the plant becomes brown, the tops of the branches can die off.The most dangerous pests are those that damage the root system.
Dozens of other effective insecticides are offered in specialty stores. To preventive measures include:
- careful inspection of plants several times a year. Since the needles are small, it is quite difficult to notice pests at an early stage of the lesion,
- cleaning of all plant residues,
- periodic digging of soil under the trees.
How to plant a plant
Planting thuya begins, as always, with the choice of location. You can plant it in a well-lit place, and in partial shade. The first option is preferable. If Danica gets enough light, the crown will be more elegant and luxuriant.
Ready seedlings for planting
The composition of the soil this plant is not particularly demanding. It is important that the soil is nutritious, not depleted and well hydrated.
This variety of thuja can be grown from seeds, cuttings and ready saplings. Longer care is required if you try to grow thuja from cuttings and, especially, from seeds. Recall that this is a slowly growing plant. The best option - ready seedlings from the nursery. If they are grown in your area, they are already acclimatized. Fertilize them in addition is not necessary. A healthy appearance is the green light to buy.
Landing Thuy West Danica
Planting is done in the evening or in the morning when the sun's rays are not active. The size of the holes should be slightly larger than the root system. For this variety, all the rules of planting of thuy are observed, namely:
- good drainage of expanded clay, gravel, broken brick
- soil layer of turf, peat and sand
- the location of the root collar at ground level (can not be buried or bare) to avoid rotting or death of the plant
- mulching with peat, dry leaves or sawdust
- proper care after planting.
Ready saplings of a thuja Danika can be planted during the whole season from March to November. But it is better to do this in spring or summer so that the root system has time to get stronger before the onset of cold weather.
- 1 Thuja western Danica - landing and care, description, photo of globular thuja in landscape design, video
- 1.1 Description of Tui Danika
- 1.2 Planting and care for Danica globular thuja
- 1.3 Tui Danica in landscape design
- 2 Thuja western Danica: features of cultivation and reproduction of ornamental plants
- 2.1 Description: varieties and varieties of Western Thuja
- 2.2 Proper planting
- 2.3 Care for Danica
- 2.4 Fertilizer and dressing for trees
- 2.5 Plant reproduction at home
- 2.6 Diseases and pests of the western Danica thuja
- 2.7 Tui Danika and her combination with other plants
- 2.8 Tui Danika Spherical: video
- 3 Unpretentious thuja western Danika adorns the landscape all year
- 3.1 Description of the variety
- 3.2 Planting and care
- 3.3 How much are the seedlings
- 3.4 Shelter for the winter
- 3.5 In Landscape Design
- 3.6 Opinions gardeners
- 3.7 Review on video
- 4 Thuja spherical western variety Danika: planting, care and cultivation, design decoration
- 4.1 Selection of seedlings
- 4.2 Soil
- 4.3 Landing
- 4.4 Care
- 4.5 Pests, diseases
- 4.6 Reproduction
- 4.7 Design
- 4.8 Conclusion
- 5 Thuja western Danica: photos, features of planting and care
- 5.1 Description of Danica shrub
- 5.2 Thuja Varieties of Western Danica
- 5.3 Planting shrubs
- 5.4 Care and cultivation
- 5.5 Sunburn Protection
- 5.6 Watering, loosening and mulching of soil
- 5.7 Fertilization
- 5.8 Pruning
- 5.9 Protection against winter cold
- 5.10 Tui Danik in landscape design
- 6 Tui Danika. Description, landing, care:
- 6.1 Tui Danica: description of the plant
- 6.2 Seed propagation
- 6.3 Cutting
- 6.4 Where to plant
- 6.5 Care
- 6.6 Use in landscape design