In order for the carrots in your garden to grow quickly, it is necessary not only to plant the seeds correctly, but also to prepare them. Do not leave without attention and tillage, fertilizing and other nuances that will help quickly get a crop of homemade carrots.
Before sowing, carrot seeds should preferably be processed
Getting a good harvest can be ensured only in the case when a whole set of recommendations is observed. If you do not take into account at least one, it will lead to the fact that tasty and sweet carrots of early and later varieties will be lost.
Preparatory work with the soil
First you need to carefully take care of the preparation of the land. Carrots grow poorly enough on loamy and heavy soil. For this reason, under this culture is required to take the beds with lightweight soils.
It will be good if the soil is mixed with not very large amounts of clean sand. If the soil is too hard and trampled down, the seeds will simply not be able to germinate normally, and the seedlings themselves will be difficult to develop and produce the right root crop. It is strongly forbidden to make manure under the bed with carrots. This only adversely affects the development of the plant - the root crop grows weakened and is poorly stored in the future. Due to the timely and proper preparation of the land, it is possible to eliminate the occurrence of problems with the cultivation of carrots in the future. The soil in the garden with carrots should be loose It is necessary to sow not only properly prepared seeds, but also high-quality. You will need to purchase only proven seed. In this case, you should not save, because it will adversely affect your beds - germination will be slow, not plentiful. Poor seeds will not be able to give the desired effect, so you have to forget about the good harvest of carrots. In order not to be mistaken, it is necessary to sow seeds from a good supplier, a proven brand. Only in this case, you can not worry about the yield in the beds with carrots. Seeds of the varieties of carrots you like can be prepared by yourself In order to germinate the seeds of carrots correctly, you need to carefully consider several points that help prepare seed. Proper seed treatment helps carrots to grow better, to produce a large amount of the crop. There are many ways of such processing. The most effective that can be done in ordinary home conditions is soaking the seed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This method will protect the roots from attack by pests and diseases. Gardeners prefer to sow seeds that are soaked in advance with the help of a modern growth stimulator. Your task is to plant properly and carefully prepared seed. So carrots will quickly germinate and bring a decent harvest. For clarity, you can arrange the seeds on paper tape The ideal and the most correct size beds on the prepared ground: 1 meter wide and 5 meters in length. For planting carrots - these are only approximate sizes. The final parameters of the beds depend only on the individual views and preferences of the gardener. It is necessary to sow carrots correctly in the furrows: they are prepared with the help of the usual spade cutting in the spring. There you will need to plant seed. The width of each furrow for planting seeds is approximately 6 cm. The distance between them is 20 cm. Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to water the grooves with a usual solution of potassium permanganate. This is to be done in order to ensure that the roots are not subjected to diseases and attacks from the parasites. Individual approach to the preparation of beds will help to achieve the desired effect. If you use the wrong method, you can get the opposite of the expected effect. Carrots should not be planted too close to each other In the ground, the prepared seed should be placed in this way: the distance between the seeds is 1-1.5 cm. It is necessary to sprinkle over the planting with peat, but you can add pure sand. Why do this? When the soil for planting is dense, seed germination becomes slow. To seedlings were abundant and fast, you just need to flush the ground. Seed germination will be faster if after planting you water the flower beds. To speed up the process, a small amount of water will suffice. Seeds need to be planted in loose soil and water them Every experienced and novice gardener wants the seeds to start growing as quickly as possible after planting. There are various methods that will help ensure the effective acceleration of germination of seeds prepared for planting. A common method is based on the use of ordinary polyethylene: To get the desired effect in the preparation of seeds and soil, it is necessary to do everything in the complex. Pay attention to the quality of the soil, so in the whole garden you should choose the optimal bed, where there is the necessary soil, supplied with minerals and microelements for normal growth of vegetables. For a start, it must be said that carrots are different from each other by ripening terms. There are early, middle and late varieties. Depending on this, the period when it is possible to sow carrots in open ground will change.
Selection of seed
Preparation of beds
Direct carrot planting
Acceleration of seed germination
The timing of planting carrots
If the soil is too hard and trampled down, the seeds will simply not be able to germinate normally, and the seedlings themselves will be difficult to develop and produce the right root crop.
It is strongly forbidden to make manure under the bed with carrots. This only adversely affects the development of the plant - the root crop grows weakened and is poorly stored in the future. Due to the timely and proper preparation of the land, it is possible to eliminate the occurrence of problems with the cultivation of carrots in the future.
The soil in the garden with carrots should be loose
It is necessary to sow not only properly prepared seeds, but also high-quality. You will need to purchase only proven seed. In this case, you should not save, because it will adversely affect your beds - germination will be slow, not plentiful.
Poor seeds will not be able to give the desired effect, so you have to forget about the good harvest of carrots.
In order not to be mistaken, it is necessary to sow seeds from a good supplier, a proven brand. Only in this case, you can not worry about the yield in the beds with carrots.
Seeds of the varieties of carrots you like can be prepared by yourself
In order to germinate the seeds of carrots correctly, you need to carefully consider several points that help prepare seed. Proper seed treatment helps carrots to grow better, to produce a large amount of the crop. There are many ways of such processing.
The most effective that can be done in ordinary home conditions is soaking the seed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This method will protect the roots from attack by pests and diseases.
Gardeners prefer to sow seeds that are soaked in advance with the help of a modern growth stimulator. Your task is to plant properly and carefully prepared seed. So carrots will quickly germinate and bring a decent harvest.
For clarity, you can arrange the seeds on paper tape
The ideal and the most correct size beds on the prepared ground: 1 meter wide and 5 meters in length. For planting carrots - these are only approximate sizes.
The final parameters of the beds depend only on the individual views and preferences of the gardener. It is necessary to sow carrots correctly in the furrows: they are prepared with the help of the usual spade cutting in the spring. There you will need to plant seed. The width of each furrow for planting seeds is approximately 6 cm. The distance between them is 20 cm. Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to water the grooves with a usual solution of potassium permanganate. This is to be done in order to ensure that the roots are not subjected to diseases and attacks from the parasites. Individual approach to the preparation of beds will help to achieve the desired effect. If you use the wrong method, you can get the opposite of the expected effect. Carrots should not be planted too close to each other In the ground, the prepared seed should be placed in this way: the distance between the seeds is 1-1.5 cm. It is necessary to sprinkle over the planting with peat, but you can add pure sand. Why do this? When the soil for planting is dense, seed germination becomes slow. To seedlings were abundant and fast, you just need to flush the ground. Seed germination will be faster if after planting you water the flower beds. To speed up the process, a small amount of water will suffice. Seeds need to be planted in loose soil and water them Every experienced and novice gardener wants the seeds to start growing as quickly as possible after planting. There are various methods that will help ensure the effective acceleration of germination of seeds prepared for planting. A common method is based on the use of ordinary polyethylene:
There you will need to plant seed.
The width of each furrow for planting seeds is approximately 6 cm. The distance between them is 20 cm. Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to water the grooves with a usual solution of potassium permanganate. This is to be done in order to ensure that the roots are not subjected to diseases and attacks from the parasites.
Individual approach to the preparation of beds will help to achieve the desired effect. If you use the wrong method, you can get the opposite of the expected effect.
Carrots should not be planted too close to each other
In the ground, the prepared seed should be placed in this way: the distance between the seeds is 1-1.5 cm. It is necessary to sprinkle over the planting with peat, but you can add pure sand.
Why do this? When the soil for planting is dense, seed germination becomes slow. To seedlings were abundant and fast, you just need to flush the ground.
Seed germination will be faster if after planting you water the flower beds. To speed up the process, a small amount of water will suffice.
Seeds need to be planted in loose soil and water them
Every experienced and novice gardener wants the seeds to start growing as quickly as possible after planting. There are various methods that will help ensure the effective acceleration of germination of seeds prepared for planting. A common method is based on the use of ordinary polyethylene:
To get the desired effect in the preparation of seeds and soil, it is necessary to do everything in the complex. Pay attention to the quality of the soil, so in the whole garden you should choose the optimal bed, where there is the necessary soil, supplied with minerals and microelements for normal growth of vegetables.
For a start, it must be said that carrots are different from each other by ripening terms. There are early, middle and late varieties. Depending on this, the period when it is possible to sow carrots in open ground will change.
Some experienced gardeners practice planting carrots in late autumn. This allows you to harvest much earlier - about two weeks. The optimal landing time in this case is the end of October and the beginning of November.
The main thing is that there is no return temperature above zero. Otherwise, the seeds may germinate. Add this method has one big drawback.
If the winter will be very harsh, it is likely that the seeds will freeze out and will not grow in the spring.
Before you start planting carrots, you need to take care of the preparation of the soil. This crop does not grow well on heavy loamy soil. Therefore, under the carrot is better to take a bed with a light ground (well, if the earth is mixed with a small amount of sand).
It is impossible to make fresh manure under the garden bed with carrots. This will adversely affect the development of this crop - the root crop is likely to grow weak and will be stored very poorly.
Novice gardeners usually do not attach much importance to this item, but in vain. Thanks to proper seed treatment, the plant develops much better and gives a bountiful harvest.
There are a lot of ways of processing seed. Perhaps the most effective of them is soaking the seeds in potassium permanganate (a weak solution).
This method allows you to protect future roots from pests and all sorts of diseases.
Some gardeners for soaking early crops soak the seeds in various growth promoters. In this case, the question of how to sow carrots so that it can quickly rise, by itself, disappears.
Preparation of beds
The optimal size of the bed: width 1 meter, and length 5. Of course, these are only approximate parameters. The final version depends on the preferences of the gardener. Before planting carrots in the spring, using, for example, a spade handle, furrows must be made. It is in them that the seeds are sown.
The width of such a groove is about 6 cm. The distance between them is 20 cm. Before starting to plant carrots, the grooves are carefully shed with a solution of potassium permanganate. This is done so that the roots are less sick.
Seeds of carrots are sown in the furrows prepared in advance at a distance of 1-1.5 cm. Sprinkle crops from above with peat (you can add sand).
It would seem, why do this? The answer is quite simple: if the soil is dense, the seeds germinate very poorly, and if, on the contrary, you can count on friendly shoots.
After the seeds are planted, it remains only to shed well (use cold water) a bed.
Acceleration of seed germination
Of course, any gardener always wants seedlings to appear as soon as possible. There are a lot of ways to speed up this process. We will talk about the method, which is based on the use of conventional polyethylene. Everything is very simple.
It is necessary to take the film and cover the bed with it so that there is an air gap of about 12 cm between the polyethylene coating and the ground. After this, time must be allowed for the seeds to sprout. When using this method it usually takes one week. When shoots appear, polyethylene is removed.
If this is not done, the shoots that have not yet gained strength may die.
The choice of "neighbors" for carrots
As we have said, to get a good harvest of carrots, you need to know about some of the nuances. One of them is the right choice of “neighbors” (those plants with which this crop grows well). In fact, carrots can live quite normally with many plants. The list of the most successful "neighbors" includes: onions, garlic, tomatoes, radishes, lettuce, and peas.
And another little trick: so that the planting does not hit the carrot fly, experienced gardeners recommend to surround them with tobacco, rosemary or sage. The plants that negatively affect the development of carrots include dill and anise.
In this article we answered a lot of questions. After reading it, it becomes clear when to plant carrots in open ground, how to sow this crop, as well as how to accelerate the rate of germination of seeds.
Using the above recommendations, you can easily grow in your backyard, to the envy of your neighbors and to the joy of yourself, a rich harvest of carrots.
The main thing is to be patient and everything will work out.
7 ways to prepare carrot seeds for planting
To get a good harvest, you must not only sow the seeds in the spring, but also prepare them for planting. This work is carried out in order to know in advance the germination of the material, to prepare it for cultivation in open ground. After preparing the carrot seeds for planting, they will sprout together and will endure the temperature drops that occur in the spring.
Why do pre-sowing preparation
When growing carrots, slow and unfriendly seed germination requires early preparatory procedures. With poor germination and re-sowing it is difficult to get a positive result due to the long germination and rapid loss of moisture in the soil.
Seed material, which is being trained, becomes more resistant to diseases and pests, sudden weather changes. Shoots appear earlier and more friendly, the plants - stronger, and thus increases the yield.
Preparation is required for seeds that are grown independently or bought from the hands of the market.
Presowing discarding is done in order to remove empty and diseased seeds. It is necessary to fill them for a few hours, and those that rise up, throw it away. At the bottom will remain healthy and strong.
Preplanting seed preparation for planting in the spring involves calibrating to sort the material by size. More valuable - 0.7 mm in diameter. Such specimens produce strong and even shoots 3-5 days earlier, which increases the yield by 20%. Small grains sow in exceptional cases, as they give less strong shoots, which will affect the collection of products in the future.
The main methods of presowing treatment
Carrot seed contains a large amount of essential oil and grows hard. To do this, prepare the carrot seeds for planting, which includes:
- disinfection and hardening,
- soaking and germination,
- mixture processing and biostimulation,
- bubbling and drafting.
Material for seeding needs to be etched to destroy the larvae of the pests that cause diseases. To do this, take:
- Manganese at the rate of 1 g per glass of water. In the solution to lower for 10-15 minutes the seeds that have been pre-soaked. Then rinse with clean water.
- Boric acid: 1 g per 5 liters of water. Soaked grains for 24 hours.
- Hydrogen peroxide. Immerse for 10 hours in a 3% solution and rinse.
Soaked grains ascend faster. To do this, they must be left for 1.5 days in warm water 30 degrees. You can put in a gauze or cloth bag and spray often. With a slight drying they will die. After 5-7 hours, change the water and rinse the bag so that the fermentation process does not start.
Mixture processing and biostimulation
A novice gardener needs to figure out how to properly soak carrot seeds before planting with the addition of useful substances and complex fertilizers to water. This process is called biostimulation. Need to take:
- Sodium HUMATE Soak seeds in a 0.01% warm solution for 10-12 hours.
- Epin, at the rate of 4 drops per 200 ml of water. Planting material to leave for 10 hours in the mixture.
Plants sprout together, they are more resistant to infections and adverse weather conditions. After the procedure, seed to dry to flowability and sow on ridges.
This treatment is for quick shoots. Place the pips in a jar of warm water and an aquarium compressor. From the flow of air, they will constantly move. This process should last almost a day. After 12 hours, change the water, dry and immediately sow.
Dates of germination of carrot seeds are reduced by 2 times.
Increase in small seeds in size. To do this job, you need an adhesive and filler. The mixture that will represent the glue consists of:
- filtered through a sieve of infusion of mullein at the rate of 1 to 7,
- sugar syrup or starch paste,
- serum after fermentation,
- trace elements and fertilizer complex of 2 tbsp. l on 1 l of water.
The composition of the filler to take dry peat, humus, earth.
Put the seeds in a jar and slightly shed glue, but make sure that they do not stick together. Pour a portion of the filler in portions so that it evenly covers the seeds. Repeat the process several times until their size is 3 mm in diameter. Dragee shake and sprinkle with ash, so as not to stick together.
Traditional methods of preparing carrot seeds
Proper gardening before planting is done by all gardeners to get a good harvest.There are many ways that are transmitted by the people. How to soak the seeds:
- Honey and ash. Prepare the composition of 1 tsp. Honey, 1 tsp. ash, 1 tsp. alcohol tincture of propolis, 0.5 liters of water. To sustain not less than 2 hours.
- Agave. Cut the sheet and put inside the kernels for a few hours, you can for 24 hours. Prepared in this way, they will ascend in unison and quickly.
- Vodka. Put in a bag and drop for 15 minutes in a glass with vodka. Essential oils should dissolve during this time. Rinse the bag, dry the seeds and sow. When treating seeds with vodka, strictly observe the time.
- Mumie. Dissolve the pea in 0.5 l of water and soak the seed for 24 hours. Mumie is a good growth stimulator.
- Aloe, honey, garlic. We must take 3 drops of garlic, 0.5 tsp. honey, 50 g of aloe juice, which is prepared from leaves, kept in a cold room for 7 days, 1 g of the drug to protect against pests, 2 drops of growth stimulant. Mix everything and leave the seeds in the solution for 12 hours.
- Drinking soda. Dissolve 50 g of soda in 10 liters of water. Withstand seed 12 hours.
- Wood ash. Take 2 matchboxes of ash and add to 10 liters of water. Let stand for two days, and then lower the seeds for 6 hours. Ash contains many nutrients, and it is a good growth stimulant.
Features of preparation for sowing before winter
Planting carrots with unprepared seeds is used during the wintering season. Soak them before sowing is not necessary. To do this, in the second half of November, dry grains are poured onto the frozen soil.
An increase in temperature is undesirable, since it can give an impetus to growth.
Material consumption must be increased by 20-25%, because the weak and sick will not cope with the cold and will not survive the winter.
Furrows with crops fill up with dry soil, and also add peat and humus to them. When the snow falls, outline it. The negative point with this method is that, planting carrots before winter and getting an early harvest, it cannot be stored for a long time. But all summer fresh vegetables will be on the table.
Carrots are among the obligatory vegetables grown on household plots. Seed germination without preparatory work is up to 2-3 weeks. Whether it is necessary to soak the carrot seeds before planting, in order to speed up this process, it is necessary to decide the owner. As well as choose the appropriate method to apply on your beds.
The harvest may be bad for a variety of reasons, which do not depend on the gardener:
- depleted soil
- substandard seeds,
- lack of plant nutrition.
How to plant carrots to quickly rose? Recommendations
Seeds of various plants sprout at different speeds, for example, marigolds are shown from the ground three days after they have been sown. Tomatoes, depending on the temperature and soil moisture, in order to ascend, it may take from 3-7 days. Peppers germinate about 10 days.
But shoots of carrots have to wait up to several weeks, doubting that they ever appear.
In the article we will look at how to plant carrots so that it will quickly grow, consider ways of speeding up the germination of seeds, which involve not only the treatment of the seeds themselves, but also the implementation of the whole complex of necessary agrotechnical techniques:
- The choice of site for landing.
- Soil preparation.
- Using the optimal landing pattern.
- Optimization of soil temperature and moisture.
The first shoots of carrots. The first shoots begin to break through 10-30 days after planting seeds
Selection of land for sowing
When choosing a place for sowing carrots, it should be taken into account that heavy loams are not suitable for it, but light soil containing enough sand in its composition, on the contrary, is ideal.
The speed of sprouting also depends on the degree of soil heating, so for planting carrots, you should choose areas that are well lit by the sun. At the same time, the land should not be too dry, otherwise the plant may not rise until it receives sufficient water.
As for predecessors, such cultures are best suited for this purpose:
After them the greatest crop of beautiful healthy root crops turns out.
The optimal scheme of planting carrots
As for the width of the aisle, it depends on the method of processing the beds. If it is planned to carry out weeding and loosening with a hopper, then rows can be placed at a distance of 20 cm or more. And if for this purpose the motoblock will be used, then the width of the aisle should be at least 60 or even 70 cm.
Tip # 2 When sowing carrot seeds in the furrows, you can disinfect the soil on their bottom by watering with a pink solution of potassium permanganate from a watering can. This manipulation will not only kill most of the pathogens, but also scare away some pests.
Between the individual seeds of carrots, it is desirable to maintain a distance of at least one and a half centimeters. After sowing, the rows mulched with loose material should be poured with water (it should not be cold).
The optimal scheme of planting carrots is 20 cm between rows and the distance between the seeds in one row is 1.5-3 cm.
Create a suitable microclimate in the thickness of the soil
Seeds of carrots for germination should receive a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil, but if the soil is overdried, it is necessary to water it and then cover it with a plastic film. This measure creates a greenhouse effect and is also necessary in cold weather.
Best of all, a high-quality light-stabilized polyethylene film of sufficiently large thickness (100-150 microns) is suitable for this purpose.
It should be laid on low arcs or logs lying along the aisles, so that there is a distance of 120 mm between the polymer and the ground.
The edges should be properly secured, for example, prikopat ground so that sufficiently strong spring winds did not transfer the shelter to the crowns of nearby trees.
It is important not to miss the moment of emergence of shoots (as a rule, it takes one week from the laying of polyethylene before the majority of the seeds grow up). If after this the bed remains covered, the sprouts will stretch out and the plants will weaken or even die.
Seed selection criteria
When choosing carrot seeds, preference is given to zoned seeds (prepared for the conditions of the region).
When sowing carrots, not only the special preparation of seeds, but also their quality is of great importance. Guaranteed to get good healthy and strong seeds can only be in stores owned by the producers, or being their exclusive distributors.
Virtually every well-known seed trademark produces many different varieties of carrots, most of which belong to four main cultivars, whose characteristics are shown in the table:
As can be seen from the table, carrots belonging to the Nantes and Geranda types are suitable for obtaining the earliest shoots and harvest. Further, based on your own preferences, you should choose the earliest varieties and buy each a little.
It should be remembered that healthy seeds should have a uniform, without stains, color and not damaged surface.
Rules for storing carrot seeds
Any seeds have a limited shelf life and carrots are no exception. For this vegetable, the shelf life of the seed is 2 - 3 years. The following rules should be observed during storage:
- The seeds must be packed in burlap or paper.
- The temperature in the room where they are stored should not exceed + 17 ° C and not fall below 0 ° C, so that the seed does not peremerz.
- Humidity should be no more than 50%, because in a humid environment, seeds can germinate or moldy.
Stimulation of seed growth
The most modern way to obtain early shoots of carrots is soaking its seeds in solutions of special substances - stimulants of plant growth and development. They improve the germination of both healthy and weak seeds, increase the energy of their germination and reduce the time from sowing until the appearance of amicable shoots.
The composition and characteristics of some of these drugs contains the table below:
Physical methods for accelerating seed germination
Sowing of unprepared seeds even in well-moistened land will not allow getting early enough shoots. To speed up the process, there are a number of available physical methods, among which the most widely used are the following methods:
- Soak the seeds on a napkin.
- "Carrots in the bag."
- Sowing seeds for the winter.
Now about each of them in more detail.
"Carrots in a bag"
This method is more complicated:
- When the first thaws appear, you should dig a hole with a depth of one bayonet of a shovel.
- Seed material is placed in a bag of linen.
- The package is moistened with water, placed in a prepared pit, covered with earth and covered with snow.
- In place of the pit label is installed.
- After 10 - 12 days, the seeds are put in, after which they are removed.
- Germinating seeds are mixed with a small amount of dry river sand and scattered on a bed on the soil surface.
- Produced shallow harrowing area.
- The bed is covered with a plastic film.
Uniform seedlings usually appear after 5 - 6 days.
Podzimny carrot sowing
This method can be used in regions that are characterized by mild, but snowy winters. Where the soil freezes even in the presence of deep snow cover, it is better not to apply the technique.
Podzimny sowing gives larger fruits of carrots. It is carried out, as a rule, in October.
For planting in winter fit such varieties as: Dobrynya "Gavrish", Monastic "Gavrish", Beauty maiden "Gavrish", F1 Nantik Resistaflay "Semko-Junior", F1 Nantes Semko "Semko-Junior", Pharaoh "Search", Children's Sweet "Aelita", F1 Our Nanny "Aelita", etc.
The following varieties will be suitable for sub-winter sowing of domestic varieties:
- Shantane-2461 and some others.
Given the good frost resistance of the crop, you can try this method in different regions in a small area, because a possible record early harvest will pay off the risk.
Answers to current questions gardeners
Question number 1:How can seed be disinfected with affordable, affordable and safe home care products?
Answer: The easiest and most affordable way to disinfect carrot seed is soaking it in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Question number 2: Does the term carrot thinning matter?
Answer: Of course it does. The earlier this procedure is carried out, the better for the plant. After all, if it is done late, it is possible to tear off the tips of the taproot of the remaining root crops, which will lead to their branching and loss of presentation.
Question number 3: This year I planted seeds on a ribbon and shoots turned out to be too rare. With what it can be connected?
Answer: If we exclude substandard seeds, then with high probability it can be assumed that the reason is the uneven surface of the bottom of the groove in which the ribbon was placed. For this reason, not all seeds were in contact with the soil and, accordingly, not all germinated.
Question number 4:How to check the seeds for germination?
Answer: A month before sowing, some of the seed is soaked, wrapped in a damp cloth and according to what percentage of the seeds have risen, germination is assessed.
Question number 5: Is it possible to disinfect seeds by physical methods at home?
Answer:Yes you can. Seeds can be heated for a quarter of an hour in water heated to 52 ° C, then immersed in cold water for 3 minutes. After that, the seeds are slightly dried to a friable state and immediately sown in the ground.
Serious gardeners mistakes when growing carrots
Error number 1. In the desire to get as early as possible and a great harvest, gardeners often abuse fresh manure, bringing it before sowing in the carrot bed. However, in this case the saying “you will not spoil the porridge with oil” does not work and the carrots will grow weak with such dressing, and it will quickly deteriorate during storage.
Error number 2. Sowing germinated seeds in dry soil, gardeners are in vain waiting for the emergence of seedlings, tender sprouts, not getting enough moisture, quickly die.
Error number 3. Gardeners sometimes store seeds in unheated premises, assuming that there will be no harm to dry seeds from low temperatures. But this is not the case; even dry, not germinated carrot seeds may freeze and not germinate.
Error number 4. Insufficient soil moisture when sowing the coated carrot seeds. In order for the thick sheath of fertilizers to soak up the seed and the sprout to break through, the soil must be wet initially, and then you must not forget to water the garden well.
Error number 5. Many gardeners believe that in favorable conditions, carrot seeds do not lose their qualities over the years. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Sowing material of this culture retains its properties for two, maximum three years.
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How to sow carrots in spring
Carrots are one of the main vegetables, they are grown in almost every garden and are used, without exception, by all housewives for preparing all sorts of vitamin dishes and drinks. In the article, we will look at various aspects of growing a good harvest of carrots in detail: starting with presowing seed preparation and ending with its storage for storage.
How to sow carrots to quickly ascended
Seeds of carrots are covered on top with essential oils that slow down the squealing of seeds. To accelerate their germination, it is necessary to wash the essential oils from the seeds.
Processing with hot water - In order for the carrot to quickly emerge after sowing, it is recommended to first pour seeds heated to 60 ° C with water for an hour. Treated in this way, the seeds will grow much faster and more friendly than the untreated.
Stratification - Another way to get more friendly shoots. The seeds are placed in a linen sack and, as soon as the earth begins to thaw, about 10 days before the estimated date of sowing carrots, they dig a hole on the spade bayonet, put a bag of seeds in it, cover it with earth and mark the place. After 10 days, the bag is digged and the seeds that have already been nested are sown in the ground.
How to sow carrots, so as not to thin out
If you ask our gardeners, gardeners about what they have the most unloved occupation in the garden - perhaps, many without hesitation will answer: "Thin out the carrot." Indeed, thinning carrots takes more time and effort than sowing and cleaning together. The seeds of carrots are small, more than a thousand for 2 grams.
One bag of carrot seeds can sow the entire garden, but in fact it turns out that they are “stretched” only a couple of rows, and then you have to pull out when thinning 9/10 shoots. To prevent this from happening, different ways of sowing carrots have been invented, which allow us either to not thin out at all or thin out, but much less.
- Mixing carrot seeds with sand - Mix half a bucket of dry river sand with 1 tbsp. l carrot seed and sow the resulting mixture. This method allows you to get more sparse shoots and reduce thinning to a minimum,
- Mixing carrot seeds with paste - The principle is the same as in the first method, but instead of loose sand a viscous liquid is used - paste. To prepare 1 liter of paste, you should dissolve 4 teaspoons of flour or starch in a liter of boiling water, sprinkling them gradually and constantly stirring so that lumps do not form.Two-gram sachet of seeds (1 teaspoon without top) pour in a liter of paste, cooled to 60 ° C, to a liter and mix thoroughly. Sowing using a plastic bottle with a papilla or a ketchup bottle or an ordinary plastic bottle with a hole made in the lid with a diameter of about 2 mm (you can experimentally determine the appropriate diameter). This method also allows for better dosing of crops and less thinning of carrot seedlings.
- Sowing carrots on toilet paper is perhaps the only way that ABSOLUTELY DOESN'T CUT GARDENS ONLY. True, you need to be sure of good germination of seeds - otherwise you risk to be sparse instead of thickened shoots. This method is worthwhile to dwell on it in more detail, because it greatly facilitates the life of many, many gardeners.
Cooking paste at the rate of 1 cup of boiling water for 1 teaspoon (with top) of flour or starch.
Seeds pour out a thin layer.
We wind off about 50 cm of toilet paper.
We dip the match into the cooled paste and catch the seed on it.
We transfer the seed with a drop of paste to the paper.
At a distance of 4-6 cm. We place in the same way the following and all subsequent seeds.
For accuracy, you can even arm yourself with a ruler.
When you paste about 10 seeds, start folding the paper in half lengthwise and folding it.
Then unwind another 50 cm and keep up the good work until the paper runs out ... or the seeds ... or ... patience.
But if we discard all the jokes, then despite all the apparent complexity, this method takes less time than thinning. And you will glue the seeds on paper in a warm room, sitting at a table in front of the TV on long, dull winter evenings.
It takes about 2 - 3 minutes to prepare one meter of such a tape, but you don’t need so many of these meters.
Seed ribbons prepared in this way are removed in paper bags or plastic containers until seeding, without having forgotten to pre-sign a variety of carrots.
When it is time for sowing, it is enough just to unfold the roll in the furrow, in some places sprinkling with earth so that the paper is not blown away by the wind, and then fall asleep, like ordinary crops.
We have carrots planted between the rows of winter onions, more information about this method of planting you can read below.
When and how to sow carrots in spring
The soil for planting carrots should be fertile, loose, breathable, without stagnant moisture - in this case, the roots grow long, even and smooth. He does not like carrots of heavy clay soils, excessive watering, as well as fresh manure - in these cases, the roots are short, twisted and branched.
Carrots are sown in the garden among the first, as it can ascend at a temperature of 3 ° C, and the seedlings withstand frosts up to -3 ° C. Therefore, as soon as relatively warm weather is established, and the soil dries out so that it is already possible to sow - sow. It may be, depending on the terrain and weather conditions, the middle of March - April.
The carrots sown at this time will catch thawed spring moisture, start growing earlier than the weeds, and it can be started to be eaten as early as June-July.
For subsequent long-term storage, it is recommended to sow a little later, in April-May, but there may not be enough moisture in the soil at this time, so you may need to water the crops abundantly.
You can sow carrots in rows, keeping a distance of 15 - 20 cm between rows and about 5 cm between plants in a row. You can also sow with ribbons or beds, ensuring a planting density of about 10 to 10 cm.
What you can plant carrots on the same bed
Carrots can be grown in mixed culture. Combined planting carrots with suitable "neighbors" not only does not harm the future crop, but also protects it from specific pests. And in the same area, instead of one harvest, you will get two, three, or even more crops!
An example of a combined planting is carrots and onions: carrots drive away onion flies from onions, and carrots onions from carrots. However, they absolutely do not inhibit the growth of each other.
Additionally, the planting can be compacted with radish. Sown simultaneously with carrots (you can even in the same row), a month later the radish will free up the area, and the carrots will continue to grow.
Lettuce also gets along well with carrots and can be used in combination planting.
After harvesting radish and lettuce, tomato seedlings may take a vacant place - they will not interfere with either carrots or onions, which, by the way, will also need to be harvested soon.
Bad neighbors for carrots - cabbage, beans, dill.
How to care for carrots to have a good harvest
The carrots have been sown, she has risen - now you need not to run the bed to get the maximum yield of the root.
If crops need thinning, proceed to it immediately after the appearance of two to four true leaves. Then the remaining plants will get more nutrients and will develop better. The optimal distance between the roots in a row - 5 cm.
Carrots love watering, responds well to them, especially in the first months, when the plants are still gaining strength. But do not overdo it with watering, stagnation of water will have the opposite effect: roots, instead of growing straight down, will begin to branch.
To reduce the amount of watering and weeding - mulch between rows.
Straw, leaves, shredded grass, green manure, even weeded weeds without seeds will serve to protect the surface of the soil from the scorching sun, reducing evaporation, preventing the formation of a crust and weed growth, giving shelter to various microorganisms and gradually decomposing, supplying the soil with essential nutrients.
If the soil is covered with mulch, regular loosening of row spacing with parallel removal of weeds will be needed.
Other care carrots, perhaps, is not needed. This root has a long growing season, during which it manages to get the necessary amount of nutrients and moisture from the ground. Do not get too carried away with additional feedings - the soil for carrots should be prepared in advance, a year before, introducing humus and compost under its predecessors.
When to remove carrots from the garden for storage
Immediately make a reservation that late-ripening carrots are suitable for long-term storage. The early carrot is grown for use in the summer-autumn period and is unsuitable for storage in the winter.
Late-ripening carrots, as a rule, are harvested at the end of September - October, without waiting for the frost. Although carrots and frost-resistant, keeping it after frosting decreases significantly. For harvesting, it is advisable to choose a dry fine day, while it is desirable that during the week before this there would be no rain and the earth would not stick to the root crops.
In order not to damage the carrot, it is slightly undermined, and only then it is pulled out of the ground for the tops of the ground and folded in the garden. Then, gently, not to damage it, shake off the ground (clean off with mittens) and cut the tops with a sharp knife, leaving 2 - 5 mm from the base. After that, the roots can be placed on long-term storage in one of the favorite ways.
The method of storing carrots in the sand is widely known, but few people know about storing carrots in dry nut leaves.
To save the carrot until spring - lay it in layers in boxes, shifting between each layer of dry nut leaves. Carrots that are stored in this way, in the spring looks like freshly harvested. And if some root crop starts to deteriorate, then thanks to the leaves the rot will not pass on to the neighbors in the box.
In principle, these are the main nuances of growing carrots. There will be questions - ask, we will answer. You can also share your experience of growing carrots with readers of the site.
How to sow carrots so that it quickly rose
Carrots - a common, unpretentious and very useful culture, which is in the area of each gardener. However, planting and growing carrots has its own characteristics, given that you can significantly increase the quantity and quality of the crop.
What affects the germination
To the sowing period did not bring unnecessary unrest, the gardener must carefully monitor the conditions of germination of seeds and carry out some agrotechnical measures. On germination directly affect:
- seed quality
- ambient temperature and humidity
- the quality of the soil taken for germination,
- sowing depth
With proper storage (in a cool and dry place), seeds remain viable for 2-3 years. But even if they were stored correctly, one should not expect that all the seeds will germinate. On average, their germination ranges from 45 to 70 percent. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account how quickly they sprout - for carrots this is about 10 days.
Type of soil for growing
Since young sprouts take most of the substances necessary for their growth from the land in which they are planted, certain requirements are imposed on it.
The soil should be:
- fertile - it is necessary to fertilize it with compost and ash,
- friable and light enough that the sprouts could make their way through it, and the roots grew even and beautiful,
- have a neutral reaction (the root crop does not tolerate an acidic environment),
- not be toxic (for example, due to ultra-high doses of pesticides or fertilizers).
Preparation of planting material
In order for the plants not to hurt and be less susceptible to attack by pests, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a weak potassium permanganate solution (potassium permanganate). When sowing carrots, a serious problem is that its seeds are very small, and it is difficult to spread them evenly in a bed. In case of uneven application later, it will be necessary to thin the shoots to get a beautiful and bountiful harvest. There are more than a dozen ways to sow carrots, for example:
- they mix the seeds with dry river sand (1-2 tablespoons of seeds for 7 liters of sand) and pour them into beds, covered with a layer of soil from above,
- sowing "on the ribbon": ribbons with applied seeds are on sale, but you can make them yourself by gluing the seeds to paper tape with paste. The finished tape is laid on the bed and sprinkled with earth,
- Dried seeds: a very convenient, though not cheap, method. Each seed is in a separate pea, which contains all the substances and microelements necessary for its growth,
- You can make a sparse paste with the addition of complex fertilizers, mix it with seeds and apply to the furrow using a pastry syringe or plastic bottle with a hole in the lid.
What is the best way to plant carrots
The correct choice of neighbors in the garden helps to fight pests, enrich the mineral composition of the soil, save space. You can do a joint planting of carrots, radishes and onions. The radish ripens earlier, and the place for the further growth of the carrot is cleared, and the onion is afraid of the carrot fly, and the pest will not come to such a bed. In turn, the carrot will protect the onion from the onion fly. Salad, peas and tomato also do not interfere with it. But dill and other umbrella better to avoid. Carrots are one of those crops, which requires a lot of effort during sowing and subsequent care. We hope our tips will help you facilitate the care of such a useful and tasty root vegetable.
Factors affecting fast germination
Carrots are not a demanding crop, however, there are factors that can affect germination.
The most significant are:
- Seed sowing date.
- Sowing depth.
- Seeding rates.
- The quality of seed.
- Pre-treatment of seeds.
- Soil condition
On average, the period of appearance of the first shoots with a fairly well warmed earth (8 degrees) is about two weeks. Germination time depends on the temperature, so most often the seeds of this plant are planted from the second half of April to mid-May. Other sowing periods are allowed, however, the lower the temperature, the longer it will take to wait for the first shoots. In cool weather, the germination process can take up to 3-4 weeks.
The time of emergence of shoots can be significantly reduced; some methods used by experienced gardeners can shorten this period almost twice - to 7–10 days. By choosing a good place for a future bed, preparing the soil and processing the seeds, you can help the plants to take root faster and form large, even fruits.
Make seed treatment
In comparison with other popular vegetable crops, carrot seeds are of low germination. Usually, 60–80% of the seeds germinate. This parameter depends on the freshness of the seed - the seeds are the most germinating, not more than 2 years from the moment they were harvested.
Methods by which seeds can be prepared for planting in open ground:
- Stimulating solutions.
- Sprouting seeds in aerated water.
- The use of plant growth stimulants.
Simple tools that can help accelerate crop growth are available to any vegetable grower:
- Immersion in hot water for 30–40 minutes. The water temperature should be between 45 and 55 degrees.
- Steam treatment. Under the influence of steam for several hours, the seed growth rate accelerates by a third.
- Soaking in vodka before landing. Germination can be accelerated by removing the essential oils in the seed coat. Alcohol will help remove the protective film, the exposure time of this method - 10-15 minutes.
Correctly pick up the landing time
Sowing seeds in the open ground can be three times per season - in spring, summer and autumn (before winter).
- The carrots sown in autumn will be more resistant to diseases and pests, and will also allow you to get an early harvest.
- Early spring is a good time for planting root crops in the soil prepared from autumn. Such root vegetables are perfect for consumption during the season.
- If the goal is to grow carrots suitable for long-term storage, it is better to plant it in late spring or summer.
The most common spring planting. This method is most popular among gardeners.
Choosing the time of planting, focus primarily on the temperature of the soil and air. The soil should have time to warm up, and the air temperature should not fall below 8 degrees Celsius.
As a rule, the optimal period falls on the period from April 20 to May 5. Summer is best to plant in late June, and in winter - in early November, a week before frost.
Soil and climatic conditions greatly affect farming in each region. Based on these conditions, breeders conduct tests and find out which carrot varieties are most suitable for each region.
The climate of the Moscow region is characterized by mild snowy winters and not too hot summers with moderate precipitation. Both early and late carrot varieties will grow well here.
The following varieties are suitable for cultivation in this region:
- their early species: Incomparable, Callisto F1, Nantes 4,
- medium species: Vitamin 6, Losinoostrovsky13, Moscow special, Shantane 2461,
- of the late species: the Queen of Autumn,
- for late autumn sowing: Russian giant, Samson, hybrid Olympian.
For the harsh conditions of Siberia and the Urals, mid-season carrot varieties are best suited. Early and late varieties are better not to grow. The early ones will give a small crop, and the later ones will not have time to gain sugar content and mature.
The best varieties for this region are Altai shortened, Moscow winter, Shantane 2461, Vitaminnaya 6, Losinoostrovskaya13, Laguna, Bangor, Canada, Zabava, Viking, Darina.
Central Russia is the best natural complex, with a loose fertile soil and a mild, humid climate for growing this vegetable.Early varieties such as Tushon, Nandrin F1, middle ripening - Moscow winter, Incomparable, Samson, late ripening - Canada F1, Flaccoro are very popular.
Important! To get a good harvest of sweet carrots, you need to buy zoned varieties of this vegetable.
Place to sow
Open, sunny. Well, if before the carrot in the selected area were grown cucumbers, tomatoes, beans or peas.
Medium loamy or sandy loam with a neutral reaction (pH - 6-7). The soil for the carrot beds is prepared in autumn. They dig it up, remove the weed roots and apply fertilizer (compost, humus, ash). If the soil has an acidic composition, then in the autumn preparation make lime or chalk. By spring, they evenly soak the soil layer. If the soil is clay, then a mixture of sand and peat is introduced into it in equal parts.
Many varieties of carrots differ in the shape and color of the fruit, the period of growth and ripening, sugar content, duration of preservation. How to sow carrots to quickly rose?
In terms of ripening carrots are classified:
- Early ripening varieties - up to 90 days from the time of sowing. They are grown to get the first vitamins at the end of June, but they are not suitable for canning and winter maturation,
- Mid-season varieties - ripen over a hundred days. Suitable for regions with a short period of active plant growth,
- Late varieties are grown in regions with a favorable climate. The ripening period is up to 4-5 months. These are leaders in sugar content, density and shelf life.
Additional Information. Only mid-season carrot varieties can be grown as large as possible. The weight of one root can reach up to 200 grams.
Seeds of carrots have a rough dense shell, so you can wait for up to 30 days. For the seeds to start growing faster, experienced gardeners soak them before sowing:
- Hot shower for carrot seeds. Place the seeds in a piece of clean material, then fold the material and tie it so that the seeds do not crumble during the procedure. Next, no more than a minute to keep the package under a hot fifty-degree shower. Such procedures do two days in a row three times. After the hot procedure, the bag is left on a plate with water. Water a little so that the seeds do not dry out. After the sixth procedure, the seeds swell. They must be removed from the bag and dried. They are ready to plant,
- “Carrots in a bag” is another popular way to quickly germinate hard carrot seeds. At the very beginning of spring, when the sun begins to burn, and the earth appeared from under the thawing snowdrifts, it is necessary to place a bag of carrot seeds in a hole in the ground. The depth of the pit is the spade bayonet. Plan to place in 1.5-2 weeks to get the seeds that are already beginning to germinate. They are mixed with dry clean sand to sow. Then the bed is harrowed and covered with foil. Shoots carrots appear in a week. It is necessary to remove the film in time so that the tender sprouts do not stretch out,
- Soaking carrot seeds in vodka softens the coarse shell and accelerates the appearance of sprouts. Enough for stratification for half an hour soak a bag of seeds in an alcohol solution, so that they swell. Next, planting material is washed with water at room temperature and seeded,
- Soaking seeds in preparations to stimulate growth (Kresacin, Emistim, Epin, Agat 25k) speeds up their germination several times and significantly reduces the period from sowing to harvesting. Soak planting material must be immediately before sowing, acting, according to the manufacturer's instructions. After the soaking procedure, the seeds must be dried. Wet seeds stick together in a clump and it is inconvenient to sow them evenly.
Sowing time - spring, summer, autumn.
On a note. Autumn sowing provides earlier germination of carrot seeds. The crop ripens almost a month earlier than during spring sowing, but it cannot be left for winter storage.
Spring sowing in warm regions begins in March or April, and in colder regions - at a soil temperature of at least +8 degrees. In spring, when sowing early varieties of carrots, it is important to have time to use the soil moisture and seasonal rain so that the seeds have time to germinate. Carrots for storage and processing begin to plant in mid-April.
Early or hybrid varieties can be sown in the south in June or July, but additional watering is required for their growth and maturation.
A bed is broken, proceeding from the following rules:
- between the rows - 20-30 cm
- groove depth - 2 cm,
- distance between seeds - 3 cm.
Grooves for sowing shed light solution of manganese. After that, the seeds are sealed with sand or peat and compacted to ensure good adhesion to the ground. The landing site is watered abundantly again, and then, in order to accelerate the germination of carrot seeds, cover with a film. Under the shelter, the desired microclimate is created, and shoots appear within 5-7 days.
Carrot seeds are small, so experienced gardeners use the following sowing methods:
- Sowing with sand. The seeds are mixed with dry clean sand and evenly scattered across the bed,
- Sowing on tape. With the help of paste on paper tape put carrot seeds. The method is time-consuming, but it greatly facilitates the care of carrot seedlings,
- Sowing with the help of paste. You can cook a paste and stir the seeds in it. The liquid mixture of seeds and paste is evenly distributed in the furrow. When the seeds germinate, they will not need to thin out,
- Sowing granulated seeds. The stores sell seeds, covered with a hard shell of microelements and growth stimulants. For convenience, the granule is painted in a bright color so that the seed is not lost in the fall. It is very convenient when sowing, especially such small seeds as carrot, to see the planting pattern.
During the autumn soil preparation for beds with carrots, organic fertilizers are applied (compost, humus, ash).
In the spring, mineral fertilizers rich in potassium and calcium are introduced in three stages. The first time - during sowing, the second time - after the first thinning. The third time fertilized late varieties of carrots three weeks after the second thinning.
Manure for better growth
Important! Fertilizer is better not to report than to make a surplus. Over-saturation with nitrogen, for example, will affect the taste of the root crop.
Carrots will grow large, even and sweet, if you carry out regular watering the entire period of growth and maturation. The lack of moisture will affect the taste of carrots. Excess water will lead to abundant growth of tops. Carrots will not be able to form large and smooth fruits. Watering is carried out from the time of sowing and until mid-August, when the roots are already formed, and they will only have to ripen in the garden. Irrigation intensity, depending on precipitation, is 1.5-2 times a week.
Water until August
With a constant daytime temperature of + 15-20 degrees shoots appear within two weeks. The first thinning is carried out when a pair of true leaves has formed. Between the seedlings leave 2-3 cm. The second time the carrot is thinned a month later, when young root vegetables of 1.5-2 cm in thickness were born. Between shoots leave already 5-6 cm.
A sweet and smooth carrot will not grow in the garden without the right care, hard work and knowledge.
Germination of seeds in the bag
This is not the fastest way to prepare seeds, but also it does not take much time. Germination in the bag should be carried out when there is snow in the garden. For this, carrot seeds are placed in a bag, but gauze folded in several layers can be used.
After on the garden they dig a small hole and place a bag in it, then pour it with earth and snow. Dig out the bag after 2-4 weeks, when the snow melts. At this point, the seeds should already germinate. After, they are freed from the sac and planted in open ground.
It is also one of the most proven methods of preparing seed. The hardened prepared seeds sprout faster, they are resistant to high temperature conditions, and resistant to various diseases. For this it is necessary to pre-freeze planting material.
Seeds for several days are placed in a refrigerator with a temperature of -1 to -4 degrees. Some gardeners simply bury future crops in the ground, after wrapping it in a bag or cloth napkin.
You can use a more gentle way. To do this, alternate the stay of planting material, first in the refrigerator, and then in a warm place (up to +20 degrees), for 12 hours.
This is one of the most gentle and the most correct ways to prepare seed. In specialized stores for gardeners, special ready-made sets of trace elements are sold. According to the instructions, it is necessary to prepare a solution, after soaking the seeds in it. The soaking process and the exposure time are also listed on the packaging; it may vary for each manufacturer. After soaking the seeds must be thoroughly dried and then sown in open ground.
How to sow carrots, so that the video quickly rises:
The first step is to prepare the soil. Heavy ground for carrots is not suitable, as well as loamy. For carrot beds you need to choose a lightweight soil, so it will be easier for a vegetable to grow and develop.
An excellent option would be to mix the earth with a small amount of sand, so you will make it more loose. Trampled and firm soil will not give the seeds the opportunity to germinate, just as it will not allow the fruit to develop in time.
You can often hear that gardeners fertilize carrots with manure. I would like to immediately warn you, in no case should this be done. Such feeding will affect the root crop negatively, the carrots will not be tasty, and you can not wait for a long storage from it.
If you prepare the soil well in advance, and most importantly, the further cultivation of carrots will take you without any problems.
Selection of planting material
In addition to the preparation of seeds, their choice is also important. You need to acquire only proven seeds. Do not seek to save, because cheap seeds can sprout for a very long time, and also be half empty.
Poor quality seed is quite capable of leaving you without a crop. Trust popular seed brands or stock them yourself.
Acceleration of seed germination
Anyone who planted carrot seeds wants them to sprout as quickly as possible, because this process is rather slow. There are many ways to make the seed quickly jump. The most common option is the use of conventional polyethylene, namely:
- Take a plastic wrap and cover your carrot beds with it,
- Germination can be accelerated only in the case of seeds that have not yet risen. Some airbag should form between the soil and the film
- Give the seeds some peace and time.
- After a week, just remove the film from the beds.
About what to do to make the carrot more quickly go up in the video:
The right choice of neighboring plants
To get a good harvest of carrots and quick shoots, it is important to take into account all the nuances in the complex. Also important will be the choice of neighbors in the garden. In most cases, the root vegetable gets on with many cultures, but it is best suited for it: onions, garlic, radishes, peas and tomatoes.
If you want to protect your crop from such a pest as a carrot fly, plant dill and anise near the carrot beds. So you will surely save your future harvest.
Now it has become clear to you that it is not so difficult to speed up the process of sprouting carrot seeds, the main thing is to strictly follow the rules for planting and caring for future roots.
Carrots are cold-resistant plants, their growth begins at + 5 degrees. However, at this temperature, the growth is slow, seed germination takes up to 4 weeks. As the temperature rises to +20 degrees, the growth accelerates significantly, and the period of emergence of shoots is reduced to 8-10 days. The optimum temperature for the formation of the root is 22-25 degrees.
For normal growth carrots need constant hydration. Soil moisture for best plant development should be 70–80%. With a lack of moisture fruits become woody and can get a bitter taste. With excessive moisture, the carrot grows from the inside and cracks.
In addition to temperature and humidity, the lighting of crops plays a huge role. Carrots are a plant of a long day, so the formation of a bountiful harvest is possible only with good lighting.
Competent landing scheme
When sowing on a bed, stripes with a depth of 1–2 centimeters are formed. The depth of the furrows depends on the density of the earth - the denser the soil, the smaller the depth of planting. The distance between such grooves should be about 15 cm.
Seeds are trying to spread at a distance of 2 cm, covered with earth and slightly compacted palm.
Organization of proper care
The most important in the cultivation are frequent weeding and loosening. It is necessary to loosen the ground after each watering or rain, so that a dense crust does not form on the bed surface. If this is not done, air will flow to the roots in a smaller volume, and the plant will slow down growth. Weeding sowing is necessary in a timely manner - weeds can easily stifle carrot seedlings, as well as interfere with the normal growth of the root.
Another important point is thinning. Between plants should be a distance of at least three centimeters. This will allow the roots to gain maximum weight.
Feeding is carried out 2-3 times during the growing season. The first dressing is carried out with mineral fertilizers - urea, superphosphates and potassium salt. A month later, the carrots are fertilized with a solution of mullein with the addition of wood ash.
To speed up the germination process after sowing can be as follows:
- Cover the bed with a layer of plastic film. This will retain the heat and moisture needed for the seeds.
- Water the crops with warm water every 2-3 days.
- Loosen the soil regularly, the seeds are much easier to break through the light, air-saturated soil.
Thus, in order to accelerate the growth of carrots and get a bountiful harvest, it is necessary to carry out a set of measures. Pre-sowing seed treatment, proper preparation of the soil and quality care for the crops will help to get tasty and beautiful root crops.