It has long been the horses have ceased to play a significant role in the life of mankind, as some hundred years ago. Powerful trucks and a variety of agricultural machinery ousted four-legged workers. Nevertheless, they find a place in modern times, some breeds do not lose their popularity. These include Shetland pony. This is one of the largest breeds in the world. They are common in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, America.
The pony belongs to the domestic horse subspecies. Translated from the Gali ponaidh - a small horse. A distinctive feature of the subspecies is small growth. In different countries, under the "small" taken different values:
- in Russia, ponies include horses up to 110 cm tall,
- in Germany - up to 120 cm
- in England - 147.3 cm
- in the West, they include individuals whose height does not exceed 152 cm.
The discrepancy in numbers does not prevent "donuts" from remaining at the peak of popularity. Each owner chooses a horse according to his needs. Someone needs just a crumb, as a pet - only for “kissing”, and someone is planning to perform in competitions.
The Shetland archipelago divides the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. This is the northernmost land of the British Isles. The archipelago has 117 reefs and islands, only 24 of them are inhabited. Deserted, without trees, fells, harsh climate, poor vegetation, wetlands, dampness, constant winds - this is how one can describe the place of “birth” of the breed called “Shetland pony.”
Absolutely accurate information about the origin of the breed is not. They were first discovered in 500 BC. According to scientists, these are possible descendants of tundra ponies. They could come to Scotland from Scandinavia ten thousand years ago.
According to another version, in the 1st-4th centuries ponts were brought to the islands by the Picts (the oldest inhabitants of Scotland). At that time, the territory was covered with forests, they completely disappeared in the IX-X centuries due to climate change. Under such conditions, few animals survived: sheep, field mice, hedgehogs, and Shetland ponies. Growth, endurance, strength of the constitution - on such grounds was a centuries-old natural selection. Insulation contributed to the natural breeding of the breed "in itself." Attempts to bring ordinary horses to the archipelago were unsuccessful.
The Shetland pony (described below) has a recognizable appearance, resembles a heavy truck in miniature. A thoroughbred representative should have the following features:
- height at withers - 65-110 cm
- weight - up to 200 kg
- strong constitution
- the head is small, proportional,
- forehead wide
- straight profile, sometimes concave or hooky (both options are undesirable),
- the eyes are large, widely spaced (the “sortie eye” is undesirable, it can be of different colors),
- mouth small
- nostrils are wide,
- ears set correctly, small,
- neck muscular, with a high yield,
- body wide,
- chest well developed, wide, deep,
- sagging belly, volumetric,
- the back is wide, short, muscular,
- croup straight,
- legs are bony, strong, short:
- front: without interceptions, correctly set, with a developed carpal joint,
- back: correctly set (“O” - and “X” -shaped set is undesirable), clearly defined hock, developed plus, dry,
- hoofs are round, with a hard hoof horn (as a rule, animals do not forge),
- coat - thick undercoat, long hair,
- tail and mane - fluffy,
- the suit is the most diverse, often pinto (purebred mostly black),
- life expectancy is 30-40 years, a recorded record is 54 years.
Breeding is no different from ordinary horses. Due to the small size of mares, the presence of a veterinary specialist at birth is desirable. One or two foals are born. The selection of animals is subject to the rules of breeding farm animals. The Sheltie pony is a very strong horse, in terms of live weight, they are able to carry a load twice as large as their tall counterparts.
Animals of this breed have their own characteristics:
- high life expectancy
- the character is bold and very independent,
- have a sharp mind and ingenuity
- easy to train (bad habits also seize on the fly),
- can be stubborn
- very hardy
- prone to obesity,
- often there are blue-eyed individuals (formerly called belozor),
- do not differ in big playfulness and elegance of movements,
- they have a rough coat, long tails and a mane,
- selection for working qualities, without taking into account other signs, provided a variety of stripes in the breed.
While the foal is small and looks more like a plush toy, inexperienced owners make a serious mistake by spoiling their pets. An adult uncontrollable three-year-old pony weighing 200 kg and a height when lifting up to 2 meters will become a problem. The severity of education must be present necessarily. It is necessary to demand full and unconditional obedience for any actions on the part of a person (cleaning the horse or cleaning the stall).
Another nuance - a ride under the saddle. A small horse with round sides so nimble that it is almost impossible to stay on it. Experienced horse breeders first visit the youngsters in the cart. Having accustomed obedience to the voice commands and ponies (about a month later), they quietly stop by.
Despite the enormous popularity and demand for small horses, the issue of animal cleanliness has not been a concern for horse breeders for many years. Nobody was involved in breed Shetland pony. Breeding with the correct breeding began only in 1870. A great lover of horses, Lord Londonderry on the island of Bressay (Shetland archipelago) laid a stud farm for breeding pony. Experts carried out the most severe selection to consolidate the characteristic features and the exterior type of horses.
The Shetland Pony Breeding Society was established in the first breeding book of the Londonderry manufacturers. Although the company closed in 1899 due to the decline in demand for ponies, many modern champions of the breed still have famous factory manufacturers in their pedigree.
Up until the nineteenth century, breeding was carried out "clean" without the influx of foreign blood. The desire to use ponies as riding horses set for horse breeders the task of increasing the growth of animals. The result of the work was the appearance of several intrabreed types, or offspring:
- Semberg. In the middle of the century, on the Somberg peninsula and the southern coast of the island of Meinland, Shetland ponies were covered with mare fjord stallions. The height at the withers of the offspring reached 130 cm.
- Fitlarskoe. The application of the method of reproductive crossbreeding with a brood Arabian stallion (he was a descendant of the legendary Bolivar). Hybrids grew to 120 cm.
- American Shetland. Obtained as a result of first crossing the Shetland mares with stallions of the hakne breed, then by adding blood of Arabian and purebred riding breeds. Height at withers to 130 cm.
Such human intervention led to the division of the breed into two classes:
- "A", or the basic type (main), animals include up to 107 cm,
- "B", or refined type, - animals from 107 to 120 cm at the withers.
The end of the 19th - the beginning of the 20th centuries were marked by the massive export of ponies to all countries of the world. Livestock outside the UK at times exceeds the number of horses in the historic homeland.
Lack of damp, drafts, dry bedding, high-quality food, clean water, daily exercise - such are the requirements for keeping Shetland pony horses. Care does not require special conditions. On the contrary, horses are unpretentious, hardy, they can stay on pastures as long as possible. Thick coat in stable conditions shears. The friendly nature of the animals allows you to keep two animals in one stall (size 3 m by 4 m).
Preferably, the ration is based on hay or grazing grass, oats sometimes cause an allergic reaction. They clean as they are polluted, with stable maintenance - daily. Usually no pony need to strike. Veterinary treatment is the same as for ordinary horses.
Characteristics and features
Pony - This is a subspecies of domestic horses, a characteristic feature of which is low growth. The average size of horses is 80-140 cm. In different countries, this breed includes individuals with different growth. For example, in Russia, this includes animals reaching 1-1.1 meters. But in England horses are counted as ponies with a growth of 1.4 meters.
In appearance, the pony resembles a regular horse, but one should pay attention to how it differs from a horse. The main difference is disproportionate body structure: he has short legs, his head is not so stretched, his broad forehead and powerful neck. In addition, the pony has a thicker and longer mane, as well as a tail. They differ in mind and stubbornness. Experienced breeders also claim that they are arrogant and vindictive. Contrary to their small proportions, stunted horses have remarkable strength and endurance. But at the same time, food is consumed two times less than a regular horse of the same size. Their teeth are powerful, able to chew easily even the roughest food.
The most common suits are bay and black, a bit less common are bed-piebald and raven-piebald. Rare are red, gray, buckskin horses.
The life span of a mini-horse is 40-50 years. But their tall relatives live only 25-30 years.
Use of mini horses
Today, mini-horses are mainly used for entertainment: riding small children, shows in circuses, zoos. They can carry about 20% of their entire body weight. At the same time, they can pull much more weight - sometimes even much more than ordinary horses. Some parents buy ponies for their children in order to teach them horse riding from childhood. At the same time, there are countries in which competitions on skating babies on mini-horses are organized. But for hippotherapy (treatment of various diseases through communication and riding) they are not suitable.
In some countries, for example in Holland, small animals are used in agriculture - in small farms.
Popular Pony Breeds
In the world there are about 60 breeds of ponies. We present you a review of the 10 most popular of them:
Welsh breed. Homeland - North Wales. Distinctive signs: height - 123–137 cm, small head with small ears and large eyes, well-developed back, muscular legs, ending in strong hoofs. Main suits: red, nightingale, gray, bay. Welsh ponies are very beautiful and docile. Used to breed new breeds and in equestrian sports. Shetland breed. Homeland - United Kingdom. Distinctive features: height - 102–107 cm, strong stocky build, short back, short, strong legs, stiff hoofs. The main suits are bay, black and spotted. "Shetland" are used in zoological and city parks, equestrian sections. Since 1890 shetland pony breeding book has been kept. Highland pony. Homeland - Scotland. It can be of three types: small, 122–132 cm in height, horsebacks, 132-140 cm, and Meyland Pony, 142–147 cm. Distinguishing features: powerful body, very strong legs and hooves. Characterized by increased endurance and longevity. Used as a pack and mount, in trekking, in equestrian sport. Exmoor breed. Homeland - the north-west of England. Distinctive signs: height - 125–128 cm, small head, “toad” eyes (with heavy upper eyelids), bright lower lip, powerful neck, deep chest, short legs, seven molars (unlike others, who have six ). The main suits are brown, bay, and savory with burns. It is used in breeding work to improve the quality of other breeds in horse riding. Icelandic breed. Homeland - Iceland. Distinctive signs: height - 120-140 cm, heavy head, expressive eyes, wide nostrils, small ears, shortened neck, stocky, muscular back, deep abdomen, short, strong forearms, strong hooves. Their color can be all sorts of. Possess very fluffy mane and tail. This is the only breed whose representatives feed on fish and walk with telts. Breeding of these ponies is carried out for the purpose of use in equestrian tourism and in cross-race competitions. French horse breed. Homeland - France. Distinctive signs: height - 125–145 cm, small head, large expressive eyes, small ears with sharp ends, long neck, flat back, wide chest, powerful legs, firm hoofs. The suits are varied. Suitable for any use, most often they are used in children's equestrian sports, because, as a rule, they are good-natured, patient and peaceful.
Manipuri pony. The exact origin is unknown. Distinctive features: a beautiful, level head, small narrow ears, large expressive eyes, sloping shoulders, wide chest, muscular croup, proportional legs with firm hooves. Used for playing polo, riding. Connemara. Homeland - Ireland. Distinctive features: reaches a height at the withers up to 144 cm, very well and beautifully folded, have a curved long neck, a noble head, a compact body and powerful limbs. They have a good-natured disposition, are balanced, therefore they are mainly grown for riding children and learning to ride a horse. At the same time they are able to wonderfully jump, compete in any disciplines. Fjord Homeland - presumably Norway. Distinctive signs: height - 130–145 cm, broad head, powerful neck, stocky, compact body, strong legs with strong hoofs. Coloring: dun with various impurities, gray with a black stripe along the back. These horses are universal: suitable for agricultural work, and for horse walks, and for children's sports. American riding pony. Homeland - the American state of Iowa. You can learn this breed by its high height - 114–137 cm and the original suit - leopard, spotted veil, snowball, marble, etc. Distinctive signs: slightly flat head, small pointed ears, bulging eyes, rounded, short, muscular body, wide chest high set tail. As the name implies, these solids are mainly bred for use in horse riding, horse racing.
Peculiarities of keeping ponies are not much different from the breeding of their tall relatives. Before you get these animals, you need to implement next steps:
- prepare a place to live in accordance with the necessary conditions and requirements,
- purchase or make the necessary equipment that will be needed to care for the horse,
- choose the breed of your liking and wallet
- examine information about the characteristics of the breed, its diet,
- purchase the necessary feed.
Ponies are very hardy horses and resistant to any conditions. Therefore, the best housing for them will be a pen in the open.Only in winter, during frosts or during rains, ponies need to be brought to the stable with equipped stalls.
If you plan to breed several horses, mares and stallions after a year must be kept separately.
There are no special requirements for a closed dwelling. The main thing is that there are no drafts and no dampness. Dampness causes many unpleasant animal diseases that affect the skin and hooves. Drafts are common causes of colds, which can turn into chronic diseases or result in the death of a pony. On the floor should get a quality litter, which would reduce the risk of injury to zero and was convenient for the rest of the animal. The stable can even be without a feeder, because horses eat hay and grass from the ground. But in the corral of the manger is better to equip, because, while playing, the animal can trample down the feed, and it will be unfit for human consumption.
For drinking, you can use automatic drinkers or ordinary buckets, which are better to strengthen something, so that the animal does not turn them over.
Unlike their tall relatives, ponies do not require frequent combing. This procedure will be needed only in spring, when they begin to shed and shed the winter undercoat.
But they need to be cleaned of dirt every day. Once every 30 days, clearing the hooves is required.
Inventory, which is necessary to care for a pony, you need the same as for an ordinary horse. Here is the required minimum:
- hoof cleaning bucket
- stiff brush to remove dirt
- brush for wet cleaning,
- hoof hook for cleaning dirt from the hooves,
- sponge for washing eyes, ears,
- scraper designed to wring moisture from wool,
- brush for putting oil on the hoof to prevent cracking.
But the harness on the pony is much more expensive than for the usual horse. If there is a possibility and a good specialist, then it will be cheaper to order.
The main components in the daily ration of a mini horse should be hay and grass. Concentrates need to be administered with caution, because overeating is fraught with stomach problems.
Hay should be given twice a day. One part (about 1.5 kg) in the morning poured into a nursery in the pen. The second part is put in the stall for the night. You can add vegetables in small portions: potatoes, beets, cabbage, carrots. The intervals between feedings should be even. It is better to feed the animals every day at the same time.
On the day of the animal should drink enough water - about 10-20 liters. In the summer it should be watered three times a day, in the winter - twice.
The breeding season of a pony is usually accounted for the end of spring. Duration of the foal's period with the mare is 11 months. Thus, babies are usually born in the spring of next year, at a time when the grass is the most succulent. One mare, as usual, gives birth to one foal. Under the care of the mother, the newborn remains until the next baby is born, or until they are separated. This should be done no sooner than the foal reaches eight months.
In ponies, pedigree compliance is very much appreciated, but it is not necessary to mix relatives of the kind of horses so that the genus does not degenerate.
It is believed that pony breeding becomes more profitable every year, since the demand for them does not fall and even grows. Before you take up this profitable business, you should study all the nuances of their breeding and education and calculate the payback time, as well as examine the market for services. According to experienced breeders, ponies must be kept in strictness from an early age in order to continue to receive a faithful, reliable and friendly friend who will not be afraid to be allowed to visit their children.
How did the pony come about
Both ordinary and miniature horses share the same common ancestor - Equus ferus caballus. This wild subspecies, in turn, is descended from the oldest prehistoric species Solutre, evidence of which was discovered by archaeologists in the south of France. And it was in this country, according to scientists, that ponies of the modern species first appeared. Today, on its territory, the reserve Camargue (an island in the Rhone River Delta) is organized. It is home to wild mini-horses.
Another possible pony homeland is called the northern regions of Scandinavia and the western European islands. On the local stony soils, only scant vegetation survives, so the horses on such a poor diet naturally crushed during evolution. Climate features forced animals to adapt to adverse weather and cold weather, which resulted in the appearance of stunted, hardy and unpretentious in eating species. Today, ponies are bred around the world, in the same areas where ordinary horses are.
Exterior and special features
Mini-horses have a smooth and calm character, so they are often purchased as pets for children. Ponies are not as whimsical in care as tall species, although they still require attention. Other standards are imposed on their appearance, but this does not mean that they are less beautiful than horses and trotters.
Pony and ordinary horse
The dense and sturdy figure of small horses is the result of the effects of natural habitat. A small-sized body needs less food to maintain its vital activity, its short stature provides stability and protection from strong winds. In addition, low ponies make it easier to reach the stunted grass of northern pastures. Strong legs with hard hooves are used by animals for digging up edible roots. The dense and fluffy wool helps to escape from the frost. Even the ponies are distinguished by a thick and long mane, which in front passes into a fringe.
Ponies have a thick mane, rolling in front of the fringe
The weight of animals can be 100-200 kg. Growth standards for mini-horses vary from country to country. In Russia, ponies include individuals up to 110 cm in height, in Germany - up to 120 cm in height, in the UK - up to 145 cm. In general, in the international classification there are five types of height: “A” - 110-117 centimeters, “B” - up to 127 centimeters, "C" - up to 137 centimeters, "D" - up to 148 centimeters, "E" - up to 157 centimeters.
The smallest ponies in the world
Existing Pony Breeds
A total of about 20 varieties of miniature horses are known. About a dozen of them were brought to Russia; some of them became especially popular and are most often used for breeding at domestic stud farms and farms.
Table 1. Popular Pony Breeds
Falabella (dwarf breed)
Every month it is necessary to carefully examine the legs of the pet, it also needs to be done if the mini-horse starts to behave atypically: he is nervous, reluctantly moves, tries to lie down, shows that she is in pain. It is better to check the state of the hooves every time the pony returns from a street walk, or after a riding session. If an animal often walks on stony ground or asphalt, carries a rider on itself, then it must be shod.
Without proper leaving, the hooves crack, the horn plate grows uneven and begins to interfere. Sometimes pebbles or other sharp objects get stuck in it, which is why a pony can become lame. The main thing is to notice the defect in time so that the fragment of the stone does not penetrate deeper. To remove a foreign object, use a special hoof hook. For the prevention of cracking, their surface is smeared with special oils and compounds intended for this purpose.
Pony hoof structure
How to care for pony hooves: step by step instructions
Step 1. After each walk, the pony’s hoof must be thoroughly cleaned from dust, dirt, clay, or other contaminants. In the process, each hoof is inspected for damage.
You can use a nylon brush to clean your hooves.
Step 2. Next, the hooves need to be cleaned from the bottom, paying special attention to the horseshoes. To do this, use a special blunt metal hook.
It is important to use sharp objects is prohibited so as not to damage the icing on the hooves of the pony!
It is more convenient to get a hook combined with a brush
Step 3. Wash the pony's leg, wiping it dry thoroughly. This procedure is necessary in order to save the horse's hooves from inflammation, but you need to understand that you can only wash the hooves and the leg of the animal (up to the brush) at a temperature above zero. In the cold pony with wet feet sick!
Pony's hooves should always be clean and smooth!
Bathing miniature horses
Often it is not necessary to wash the pony, but sometimes you can’t do without it. Usually, dirt from the skin is cleaned with special brushes, but in hot weather, when animals sweat a lot, they can be pampered with a refreshing bath or shower. Wool mini-horses after swimming becomes shiny and beautiful, abundant moisture does not harm it. And animals like water procedures very much. You can take them to the lake or river, but a suitable option is pouring warm water in the yard.
Horse shampoos, scrapers and sponges are used to wash ponies. It is necessary to gently lather the pet so that the composition does not get into the eyes and ears. You can not touch the head at all, but only pour it with clean water and wipe it with a sponge. The shampoo is applied according to the growth of hair, slightly scrubbing the skin, collecting foam, wiping with a sponge and washing off with warm water. Then separately washed mane and tail. Water is collected from the body with a scraper, after which the ponies are dried with a towel or an old sheet.
Sometimes ponies need to be bathed.
What to feed
Since the origin of ponies is associated with the influence of harsh natural conditions, they have genetically incorporated unpretentiousness in food. Theoretically, they can exist on one pasture, but a poor diet is unlikely to please domestic animals. It is in the wild that they have no choice, and next to a person they have the right to count on including all kinds of goodies in the menu.
On the pasture of the mini-horses they get grass for themselves, although they overlook weeds and harmful plants. In winter, they definitely need to give hay, which should be prepared in advance. Also in the diet you need to include oats and feed, but their proportion should be moderate: due to too much of the animal may have an upset stomach.
Pony need and other food, except grass and hay
To pamper a homemade pony, you should stock up on apples, pumpkin, carrots, potatoes. Bread and sugar are not recommended.
Ponies are fed in small portions - their stomach is small and overeating can greatly harm the animal. Drinking water should be clean and fresh, so it is regularly changed in drinking bowls, and the tanks themselves are washed every day.
Water should be given at room temperature, fresh, without harmful impurities.
Where and how can a pony be used
Breeding a pony for a farmer can be a source of profit. Yes, and keep hardy mini-horses on the farm is very beneficial not only as entertainment for children. Animals can be rented to those who want to go and tourists. They are also often used for emotional and physical rehabilitation of people. Communication with cute and affectionate animals has a beneficial effect on the psychological state, and horse riding has long been known as an excellent means of rehabilitating children with cerebral palsy and patients with diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In Europe, ponies are even used as guides for the blind.
In the farm for mini-horses, too, there are lessons. They can be used for transportation of goods, plowing fields, trips over short distances. In general, they successfully cope with all the work that is entrusted to ordinary horses.
Pony can be harnessed to the cart
The stunted horses of the pony differ from their fellows not only by growth, but also by unpretentiousness, as well as endurance and invariably affectionate character. That is why they remain the favorites of children of all ages, but adults cannot remain indifferent to them. These animals can be bred not only as funny pets, but also for use in agricultural work. They do an excellent job with the transport of goods and passengers. There are no particular difficulties in keeping ponies, but they live very long. A couple of dozen mini-horse breeds have spread in the world, of which about ten in Russia.
What do they look like
The exterior of the pony was formed due to the harsh climatic conditions of northern latitudes with humid and cold winds from the Atlantic Ocean, as well as due to the poor pastures of rocky islands.
Ponies are squat horses with short legs and a strong deep body, their hair is thick and fluffy. A long lush mane covers the neck, bangs fall on the forehead. Short stature allowed the horses to be content with grass on poor vegetated hills, with muscular legs they plucked roots from the frozen ground. Thick and warm wool saved from strong winds and cold in harsh winters.
Usually horses are equated to ponies, the height of which does not exceed 140 cm, but in different countries this scale is not the same:
- in Germany, ponies consider small horses no more than 120 cm tall,
- in Russia, the maximum growth characteristics are 110 cm,
- in England, they include horses that grow to 147 cm.
How much a pony weighs will depend on height: the mass of some individuals is no more than 100 kg, animals larger and reach 200 kg. There are also tiny horses, whose weight barely falls to 14 kg.
How modern ponies look can be seen in the photo.
Currently, dwarf horses are spread all over the world. We list the most popular breeds of ponies in Russia.
Breed Welsh pony formed in the north of the valleys and hills of Wales before the arrival of the Romans. Small horses were used as a force for transporting coal and peat, fallen trees. But with the arrival of foreigners, Arabian blood flowed to them, which influenced the modern appearance of the pony. The result was a magnificent breed with a large but graceful head, strong back and muscular legs, small ears and expressive eyes. The suit is monotonous, there are red individuals, bay, gray dun and brown.
The growth of the Welsh is not limited to strict limits, they are divided into types.
- Type A These include the smallest representatives of growth up to 122 cm.
- Type B. Horses are larger (137 cm), have a strong constitution, they are called "merlins".
- Type C and D (cobs). The racing qualities of the ponies were improved by crossing with large breeds, the growth of such horses exceeds 137 cm, and in category D it reaches 147 cm. They do not only ride, they look great in harness. Participate in sports competitions and driving, show the ability to jump.
By the nature of the Welsh pony is calm and docile, he can be trusted with children. Horses are beautiful and artistic, because they are indispensable participants in competitions and shows.
The birthplace of the species is Scotland and the adjacent islands, so horses are also called Scottish. At present, the breed is the result of crossing with Arabic, Spanish, and Clydesdale horses, and the blood of the Percherons was added to them. Horses have become more mobile and stronger, they are considered the most hardened, hardy and strong of all breeds of ponies. There are both low types (107 cm) and rather tall animals as high as 142 cm. In the Middle Ages, they were used for hard work, now horses accompany tourists on hikes in the mountains. The Scottish pony takes part in dressage, horse racing and hunting. Color includes all shades of sand color, less often you can meet horses with a black and brown suit.
These are stunted horses up to 147 cm, designed for riding to participate in sports in the equestrian polo. Feature type - mind, strength, high speed.This is not a separate breed, but a species of large ponies, which are bred in China, America, England, Iceland and other countries. From the age of three, they are actively trained to rapidly pick up speed during the race, maneuver and stop at the rider's request, and not be frightened at the moment of a difficult situation on the field. With age, the horse begins to join the game itself, helping the rider to win the competition. The cost of a prepared pony is 10-50 thousand dollars.
The view originated in the southwestern islands of Britain. The horse has retained purebred features, its height is 125 cm, it has a peculiar jaw structure: it has a seventh molar, like in prehistoric animals. The suit is mostly bay of different shades, around the nostrils the wool is light. The eyelids are swollen, so the eyes are called "toad".
The growth of the Icelandic horse reaches 140 cm, but there are also small individuals below 125 cm. It is believed that the ancestors of the species are wild forest horses and Celtic horses. Their descendants - the Norwegian horses, in the VIII century, the island was brought to the Vikings. But since then, crossing with other breeds only worsened the quality of the species, so they were forbidden to take out and pour in someone else's blood. Icelandic ponies are considered the purest breed.
Horses are distinguished by their ability to move in different gaits, they are characterized by telts and amble, for which lovers especially appreciate them. In winter, ponies in Iceland, like real predators, independently catch and eat fish.
The most famous and rare breed of dwarf horses is falabella. The average height of a representative of the species is 86 cm, but they are also quite tiny: around 40 cm. Weight ranges from 20, maximum reaches 65 kg. Animals are proportionally folded, they have thin and high legs, in appearance they resemble a smaller copy of the Arabian horses.
In the pedigree of this tiny, but real horse there is the blood of the Spanish Creollo, Shetland ponies, as well as English breed horses. Therefore, there are colors red, bay, spotted, black, with different hooks. They are used in the harness to carry small children, but more often they are contained simply for aesthetic pleasure. Horses are very intelligent and good-natured, love to ride over rough terrain and overcome obstacles.
It is noteworthy that the falabella have 2 ribs less than other horses. And with the insemination of a normal mare, the dominant dwarfism gene prevails, and a dwarf foal is born.
Pony as a pet: all the pros and cons
A pony is a type of horse that is distinguished by its short stature. These animals also differ from ordinary horses in longevity. So, a healthy representative of the breed can live from 45 to 55 years, which is very impressive. Despite the many advantages of ponies, their content and selection of a suitable animal has some nuances.
Choosing a future pet
Buying a mini horse requires a responsible approach. If it was decided to purchase a baby for the home, it is worth considering a few nuances:
It should be understood that a healthy horse can not cost several times cheaper than animals with documents and pedigree. When buying, you should also not look for the most expensive mount.
Saving when buying a pony is not welcome, otherwise, the pet may be sick and suffer all sorts of disorders, have brittle bones and curvature of the spine and legs.
Breeders with a good reputation are also important. It is impossible to buy an animal from such people in which there is no purity of the breed. And this factor is the most important. The breeder must provide a photo or the possibility of personal acquaintance with the parents of the baby. In this case, you can be sure that the breed of the little pony is as stated.
In Russia there is a fairly wide range of breeds of ponies. The most popular are:
Shetland is considered the smallest breed. But the most unpretentious care and calm breed - this is a mountain pony. If you are looking for a hardy and strong pet, then the forest breed will fit as well as possible. The pony of the Welsh breed is distinguished by its excellent wit and outstanding intelligence. The Arabian breed will be able to transport large loads and develop a high running speed.
Appearance ponies - not the main factor on which to base when choosing a horse. Much more important is the breed and its characteristics.
Ponies, like any other animals, have different characters. That is why the implementation of future purchases is based not only on the selection of the breed you like and breeders with a good reputation, but also on the temperament of the horse.
The most appropriate choice for a family would be an animal with a flexible, gentle, and fairly calm character. Most often for children acquire Welsh ponies. They get along well with people and are suitable for sledding. Even unprepared riders can ride this horse without problems.
But the Shetland breed, thanks to its unlimited tenderness and ingenuity, will become excellent companions, friends, and pets.
How to maintain and care for a pony?
Caring for a pony is very painstaking and requires special perseverance and devotion to your pet. Going for a purchase, it is worth understanding that every day a horse will need attention, tenderness and communication with a person. Therefore, before buying such a pet, you need to clearly realize that it will take a lot of time and effort for the baby.
Pony is an exotic type of horse. So, you need to be prepared for substantial cash outlay. They include not only equipment for the animal, but also a waste on proper nutrition, mineral and vitamin supplements, and cleaning products. The costs also include the services of a doctor, because examinations of the horse must be permanent, you can not do without it.
A pony cannot be far from home either. This animal can not be bought and left on the summer cottage, which you would visit only 2-3 times a week. Little horses require frequent attention and the presence of a person nearby.
In order for the pony to be educated and truly obedient and close friend, the owner must visit him at least twice a day, as well as be engaged in walking the pet, allowing him to spend time actively and fun.
Otherwise, the pony may start acting up, spoiling the beauty around the house, or even tearing off the lower layers of the siding on the wall of the house, and you will have to buy new ones (note if this happens, then go to the site stroy23.mirdoma.org).
What should be done if you are not ready to purchase, and the child asks for a pony? How to explain to your child that such a purchase is impossible?
Everything is quite simple. The main thing is not to injure your child and explain that such a pet is very expensive and requires a special stall - a cozy house in which he will spend the night.
As a compensation, bring your baby to the zoo or give it to equestrian sports. If the child is still completely independent and small, then play with him in online games, where the main character is the pony. For example, here you can find all that interests you about the pony and have an interesting time.
And remember - we are responsible for those who have tamed!
Like big horses, mini horses need to be cleaned and cleared their hooves. It is necessary to regularly vaccinate and deworming the horses, but it must not be forgotten that, in order to avoid overdosing, all drugs are given to mini-horses based on their body weight.
Miniature horses can be successfully contained even in the house, instead of a dog (for these purposes, special diapers for horses and boots were developed in the West so that the claws do not clatter), but one should not forget that miniature horses especially need walks and movement. Despite its seeming tenderness, mini-horses are not at all slender. In the presence of shelters and a small top dressing with hay and concentrates, mini-horses feel great all year round in the pasture. They easily tolerate the winter cold: by the winter mini-horses grow thick wool. However, like large horses, babies need to be protected from drafts.
The diet of a mini horse should be varied. Nutritionally concentrated feed should be up to 20%, the rest of the diet - coarse feed. Rough feed (hay, grass, grass meal) can make up almost the entire ration of a mini-horse and be set abundantly, while concentrates (muesli, etc.) should be given with caution, in small quantities, as with insufficient physical activity mini-horses quickly become fat, acquiring with obesity a number of diseases associated with metabolism.
The rate of giving concentrates should be consistent with the weight category of mini. Apples and root vegetables are usually given as a treat in the winter.
Miniature horses graze well on the pasture throughout the pasture season with minimal feeding. But even during the pasture season and during the stall one should not forget about mineral and vitamin supplements, since they are particularly sensitive to the lack of nutrients and minerals in the feed.
Mini horses are a very special kind of animal. His main distinguishing quality, of course, is small stature and a particularly good character. But do not forget that this is a small, but still a horse, which, like other pets, requires care and concern.
All breeds of miniature horses are mainly used as decorative animals. Due to the attractive exterior, various colors and extraordinarily small growth of mini-horses, the desired participants of various shows and broods. Due to the small stature, the minicar does not take up much space and may be kept at home as a favorite pet. Due to their sweet temper, patience and comprehension, miniature horses will be excellent playmate partners for children. On mini-horses you can ride children from 6-8 months, and at 3-4 years old children under the guidance of an experienced coach can begin to learn the basics of riding on them.
Mini-horses have long been successfully replaced guide dogs. They quickly memorize the necessary route and, thanks to the calm, balanced character, less than dogs, react to external circumstances.
Veterinary Medicine: The smaller the horse, the greater the problem
// ЗМ №7 (75) 2008
Currently, there is some confusion among equestrians and horse owners about who such ponies are. For most uninitiated people, these are just little horses. However, in fact, not so simple. And they have their own diseases, and not at all simple ...
I part. Features of the structure and feeding ponies. Real ponies are really small horses, but they still have some exterior features (external structure), which distinguishes them from ordinary horses: a big head, a short neck, a long body and small legs. Such ponies live freely in nature mainly on the islands of Great Britain, and one of the characteristic representatives is the Shetland pony breed. Most of the other breeds known to us (gäflingers, Welsh, Estonian ponies), as well as their mixtures, are not at all like Shetland horses, because along with their small stature they have an excellent harmonious physique and look more like riding horses, but only miniature. Therefore, they are often called simply riding or sporting ponies.
Grow ponies are built
Popularization and active development of children's sports, especially pony sports, led to the need to somehow streamline and classify small horses. In the International Equestrian Federation, rules were adopted that all horses, regardless of breed, whose height does not exceed 150 cm at the withers without horseshoes or 151 cm with horseshoes belong to the pony class. And inside this pony-class horses are divided into groups, but also only depending on height. At the same time, completely different breeds and their mixtures can fall into the same group: Arabian thoroughbred, Terek, Bashkir and pony horses proper - gafflers, Welsh, Estonian, etc. Undoubtedly, such a classification is simply necessary for sports, but from the point of view of zootechny (the science of proper maintenance, feeding and breeding) it is very difficult and sometimes even dangerous to put such different horses in one line. It is no secret that most of the health problems in horses originate from non-observance of elementary zoo-technical standards in their maintenance and training. As for ponies (author's note: hereinafter, the word ponies will be understood only as horses that belong to pony breeds: Welsh, gafflers, dales, Estonian, Shetland, etc.), these animals are in nature and conditions close to it) are extremely strong, durable and have excellent health. However, in practice, as soon as they get into stable conditions, it is often much faster than any other horse breeds are exposed to adverse factors that significantly “undermine” their health and lead to various serious diseases. And basically it concerns problems with the digestive and respiratory system. What are these factors, and what should be the first thing to pay attention to when keeping ponies - this is what we'll talk about in the article.
Similar and different features
The anatomical structure of sporting horses and pony breeds is absolutely identical, except for size. This means that the ponies have exactly the same structure of the bones of the skeleton, the number of teeth, the location of the intestinal sections, etc., as in ordinary horses, but only miniature. From a physiological point of view, large and pony-breed horses still have some differences. For example, the average respiration rate in ponies is 14–30 breaths, and the heartbeat is 30–45 beats per minute, whereas in horses this figure is lower and equal to 8–16 for breathing and 24–42 for the heartbeat. Moreover, it is important to note that the smaller the pony size, the more often its heartbeat and respiration rates will be. Regarding the body temperature, there is no significant difference between horses and ponies, and therefore variations adopted for horses within 371/2 -381 / 20C are also suitable for ponies.
Do not overheat the pony
Ponies, especially Shetland, have very thick wool, and in winter there is also an undercoat. In outdoor conditions, it helps animals resist bad weather: they do not freeze
Games Pony care for girls and girls online for free
On girls plays a girl
Free Online Games Pony Care
Caring for a horse and a unicorn. A game for girls and girls! There are two pets in your stable - an ordinary horse and a Pony a unicorn. Choose which of them you will start servicing in the first place.
Caring for animals You must be prepared for all sorts of "surprises". Even to the not so pleasant. But if you truly love animals, this will in no way worsen your attitude towards them.
Good luck! To control the game you need a mouse.
Caring for a horse and a unicorn
Hairstyle for a unicorn. Game for girls and girls! "Haircut for a unicorn" - an exciting game for girls about caring for animals. The game consists of three levels. At the first stage of the game, you will take care of the magnificent pony's mane and its decoration with a beautiful hairstyle. At the second stage you will be engaged in a dress for a unicorn. And at the end of the game you will need to feed the pony. Play with the mouse.
Hairstyle for unicorn
Happy Pony. A game for girls and girls! Happy Pony is the best game for our youngest girlfriends about Pony care. This tiny Pony is lucky because she has you girls! Baby like when you care for her. Look at this little, ugly monster.
Crumble frolicked among the thickets of burdock and, gathering prickles and dirt, became like that.Girls, bathe her, comb and feed and water her. And then put the tired Pony in the crib. Baby sleep, gain strength and will be ready for further events. And you will dress her up, do her make-up, entertain.
Good luck! Play with the mouse.
Kindergarten for babies Pony. Game for girls and girls! Kindergarten for babies Pony is the best game for our little girlfriends about caring for Pony's tiny horses. To start playing, you girls first of all have to choose yourself a Pony and give her a name. Having done this, start caring for your pet.
To do this, you will need buttons located at the top of the game screen. Button - Food - to feed and water the horse. The second button - Care - in order to care for the Pony and caress. The third button is Exercise to entertain the Pony. Girls, go ahead! Ponies are waiting for you.
To control the game will need a mouse.
Kindergarten for babies Pony
Caring for Pony babies. A game for girls and girls! In this game, girls, you have to look after charming pets - small horses - Pony unicorns.
Choosing one of the tiny horses, you will have to do bringing the baby in order: clean it from dirt, bathe, save from insects, comb the fur.
In addition, you have to entertain the Pony with toys and, of course, feed and dress up. Good luck! Play with the mouse.
Baby Care Pony
All day with baby Pony Fluttershy. A game for girls and girls! For you, our youngest girlfriends, a cool game - All day with baby Pony Fluttershy - created based on the animated children's series “Friendship is a miracle”. In this game, girls, you have to take care of tiny Pony Fluttershy.
When the baby wakes up in the morning, you will bathe her. Baby Fluttershy wants to eat and drink, and then you have to feed her and give her a drink. Like any child, during these procedures, Fluttershy baby can get bored and quirky. To prevent this from happening, from time to time distract the baby with her favorite toys.
To control the game, use the mouse.
All day with baby Pony Fluttershy
Sisters Pony in the salon barber shop.
A game for girls and girls! ATTENTION! GAME IS VERY LARGE IN VOLUME, THEREFORE LESSING MORE COMMONLY! Sisters Pony in the hairdresser's salon In this game, girls, you have to take care of two charming Ponies - pink and lilac.
Ponies are big ladies, so they love to visit salons. Get ready! You have to wash the sisters' heads, dye and cut their hair, make fashionable hairstyles. And when the Pony's head care work is finished, you will still have to clean the cabin. Play with the mouse.
Sisters Pony in the hairdressing salon
Baby Aurora caring for the Pony. A game for girls and girls! Girls, if you love animals and are ready to help little princess Aurora to take care of her Pony, then hurry to her farm. There works no end.
First, you will be in the stable: you will clean manure and dirty litter, sweep dust and cobwebs from the walls, sweep the floors, lay fresh bedding, sweep the walls. And when you manage with these works, you will start to pony.
Baby Aurora caring for the Pony
Bathing for a little Pony. A game for girls and girls! Bathing for a little Pony is a pet care game for our youngest girlfriends. Girls, this kid loves to take a bath. Today you will take care of him.
Pour warm water into the bath, add foam there and for the aroma of flower petals. To the baby did not get bored in the bath, give him his favorite toys. Now wash the little Pony's head, then wash his whole body.
Having bathed the baby, dry it with a towel and a hairdryer. Play with the mouse.
Bathing for a little Pony
My Pony. A game for girls and girls! Girls, right now you have the opportunity to get hold of your own pet Pony. To do this you will need to follow us to the animal shelter. There are three little Ponies who need a loyal friend. Choose a friend, give him a nickname and start caring for him.
Carefully follow its daily routine. Perform the necessary procedures in time and correctly: feeding, walking, treatment, bathing, sleeping. If the animal is bored, play with it. Keep an eye on the clock to keep within the allotted time with all the procedures. To control the background of the game is the Pony needs scale.
To use the necessary accessories, you need to click on them with the mouse. Good luck!
We are bathing a charming Pony. A game for girls and girls! A charming, white Pony with a pink mane and a pink tail frolicked after the rain. And she suddenly wanted to wander through the puddle. Well, that happens.
Sometimes, even very beautiful Ponies become like real pigs. In general, girls, now our beauty needs good care. After cleaning the dirt from it and washing it off the hose, send the Pony to the pool. And there at your service shampoos, brushes, mugs.
Work to a mirror reflection in the snow-white Pony fur. Good luck!
We are bathing a charming Pony
We care for the Pony cub. A game for girls and girls! We are caring for a baby Pony - a cool game about caring for our smaller brothers. This cute baby Pony needs attention just as much as a human baby. Baby loves care and affection.
Like any kid, Pony may have problems when he urgently needs a bath. Now is the case. Girls, quickly pour the bath and bathe it. And after poohzhuzhivayte for his hair, legs. Nakupavshis, baby loves to dress up.
Do it for him. Play: mouse.
We care for the Pony cub
Dora, Slipper and Pony. A game for girls and girls! Dora, Slipper and Pony are today for you girls, the best, fascinating, online game full of interesting events from Dora's life with mixed elements of several game genres: caring, pro animals, skill games, puzzles. Dora loves the little Ponies.
She regularly visits them on the farm, where she feeds them, water them, comb them and even entertains them, participating in them in races with obstacles. Today, Dora has a race day. Dora and Slipper, as usual, first fed, drunk, combed the horses, and then, choosing one of them, went to the races. Girls, keep up, follow them.
You will not just be observers of further events, you will have to help Dora and Pony to go through a difficult path. In this case, we must deftly avoid collisions with obstacles, but have time to collect apples and horseshoes.
To do this, use the arrow keys: 1) UP-DOWN arrows to go around obstacles 2) RIGHT-LEFT arrows to increase speed or slow down. Good luck!
Dora, Slipper and Pony
Pony Rainbow. A game for girls and girls! An amazingly beautiful game for girls about grooming a little horse Pony Rainbow. This little animal wants to find a good friend to take care of her.
She is so cute that taking care of her is a pleasure. Pony loves everything beautiful and bright, so her name is Rainbow. Girls, be a rainbow friend. Bathe her, comb, dress up.
Merry to you leisure! Play: mouse.
Caring for the Royal Pony. Game for girls and girls! The best game for girls about courtship of the Royal Ponies. Many call themselves friends of cute, beautiful horses, the Royal Ponies, they confess their love.
But you know, girls, for the Pony to be cute and beautiful, they need constant care, and the work that they have to do is not always pleasant.
And so, for work! You have to clean the stables, bathe the Ponies, brush their teeth, shoe the hoofs, feed them and even dress them. Enjoy your work!
Caring for the Royal Pony
Entertain the Pony. A game for girls and girls! A cool game for girls in courtship about Pony fun. In this game you girls will have to care for your virtual pet Pony. Try to be very caring so that she does not get bored. Play with her in search of hidden objects, do drawing, decorate the Christmas tree, have fun playing games for attention. Good luck!
Little horses Pony. A game for girls and girls! A cool game for girls about courting Pony. Girls, you have no idea how great it is to communicate with Pony's little horses.
They are so much like little kids in their behavior. The same impatient, constantly want something and can also be offended and even cry when they are not paid attention.
Yes, you yourself will see it all. For the work!
Little horses Pony
Caring for Pony Emo. A game for girls and girls! An exciting game about grooming your pet Pony. A little girl Vale gave Pony. As it turned out, the pet Pony Emo and Valya do not know how to look after him. Girls, help her do it. First of all, take care of the mane and tail.
Rinse them thoroughly, dry, and shear. Bathe the whole Pony. Care for your hooves. Brush and paint them black. Comb and paint in a multi-colored locks a mane and a tail. Put your hair in her hair. And now it's time to dress up our beauty.
Our Pony most loves outfits in black and pink colors. Good luck!
Caring for Pony Emo
Diaper for the Pony. A game for girls and girls! An exciting game about a little horse, for which you girls have to take care. Baby Pony lives in a zoo.
Now she is at such a tender age when she needs special care, just like young children. The baby does not have a mother and therefore lacks affection. Girls, baby waited for you. Take the mouse in hand and work. Bathe her.
So that she does not cry, entertain her with toys. Then move her to bed, dry it, put a diaper on her. Comb the head, put in order the tail and mane. Kids definitely need a walk. Gather it for a walk. Go for a walk.
Like every kid, Pony will have different desires while walking. Do not delay with their performance and your ward will be happy. Good luck to you!
Pony babies. Game for girls and girls! Fascinating, multi-level game for girls about courtship for babies Pony.
Concentrate, in the game you have to show your best qualities: intelligence, quick reaction, agility. Little horses Pony. as children, they can be cute, funny, capricious and they want something all the time.
It happens almost simultaneously. Just have time to fulfill their desires or you will not wrap up in tears and you will not get to another level. Good luck!
Here lives Little Pony. Game for girls and girls! Girls, in this game lives Baby Pony. She is so cute! You girls have to take care of this little horse. Well, look at this naughty! Already got into a puddle. She needs constant attention. All the necessary actions in the game have tips.
Like any little girl, she is very impatient, so try to do everything for her as soon as possible. Help Baby Pony take morning hygiene procedures. She loves swimming in the pool, under the waterfall. And having frolicked, Pony will eat with pleasure. Feed her. And then arrange her walks, games. Pets require a lot of care and love.
And you will succeed!
Here lives Little Pony.
Online Games Pony Care
Pony character and lifestyle
The remains of the solutre, a horse that is an ancient ancestor of the modern pony, was discovered in France. Versions are being advanced that different breeds of ponies are descended from wild subspecies of primitive horses.
About horses ponies it is also assumed that they appeared in the harsh climate of northern Scandinavia on stony, poor vegetation and forage islands, penetrated by the cold winds of the Atlantic Ocean.
This unpretentious breed of small, patient and hardy animals with shaggy hair was formed in a similar unfavorable climate. Further, the ponies spread over the nearby territories.
There is an opinion that little pony horse more suitable for children's entertainment. They are usually seen in parks and zoos, in equestrian schools and on rental. However, these stocky animals from ancient times were kept and used for many types of work and transportation of heavy loads.
These patient animals lived in difficult conditions in the mines, without sunlight, breathing coal dust and soot. About horses ponies tell amazing stories.
They take part in sports competitions, compete in horse racing, jumping and overcoming obstacles, winning valuable prizes and awards. A case was recorded when a 37 year old pony named Scampi won a dressage competition at Aintree Equestrian Center in England.
Ponies have a small stomach, so they often prefer frequent meals in small portions. It is very important to ensure that the drink is plentiful, the water is clean, and the feeders are constantly washed. For animals, it is desirable to spend the whole day on the grass, which is for them the main food digested more easily than other types of food.
However, they are quickly bored with the monotony, so something new should be introduced into the diet all the time. There are many kinds of food that are tasty for ponies, which you can pamper your pet without fearing for its health.
Carrots and apples are very useful for their digestion, sugar beets, provide the body with useful and energy-intensive substances, you can also give alfalfa, barley, ground sunflower, rapeseed with vitamins, fiber-rich bran and soy.
The amount of food depends on physical loads, as well as on the place of detention, living conditions and time of year. In summer it is necessary to ensure that the animal does not overeat, and in the cold season and in early spring to feed high-quality hay, concentrated food and vitamins.
Buy pony horse today, many wish, and children dream of a small horse. For enthusiastic people breeding such pony horses turned into a real fascinating hobby.
Pony horse price, buy which is possible via the Internet, depends on its rating, age, color and gender. However, the cost of maintaining this cute animal is many times higher than its value.
But such a pet owners will love with all my heart, and this miracle will bring a lot of positive emotions. Horse pony practically is free can be purchased at a suitable farm, while receiving a lot of pleasure and impressions, after riding a horse on it.
Reproduction and longevity
Pony breeding is considered by man as part of breeding. Selection of ponies for mating takes into account certain parameters necessary to obtain the desired breeds. A female's heel lasts several days, in which she is ready to mate with a male. The stallion is attracted by the specific smell of the female.
Often, the males try to care for their darling, starting marriage games, which are manifested in persistent attempts to attract attention, gentle tickling of the sides and shoulders with teeth, and also sniffing. Quit lasts about 15-30 seconds.
Pregnancy pony lasts about 11 months. The exact length of gestation depends on the breed. The period from the moment of conception to birth is difficult to determine, so it usually starts from the date of the last contact with the male. It is better if the birth, in order to avoid complications, takes a veterinarian.
As a rule, at one time the female gives birth to one or two cubs. They immediately appear sighted in the world, and after a few minutes they are already standing and trying to walk. Ponies live longer than their high brethren and can reach 4-4.5 decades. It all depends on the conditions of detention and the quality of care.
Recently, thanks to the success of veterinary medicine and the attentive attitude of the owners, the lifespan pony horses began to increase significantly. Recorded cases of longevity. For example, a pony owned by a certain French farmer, managed to reach up to 54 years.