The firstnight frostsin the coming days will come in several regions of Russia. In this regard, forecasters urge all farmers to take care of the harvest right now. What cultures need to be collected in the first place, asked Olga Belyaeva, a Vesti FM correspondent.
Polar region, Arkhangelsk and Murmansk are “risk zones”: night temperatures there can drop to minus three degrees. True, during the day the air warms up to 10-15 degrees, but sometimes this is not enough to warm the plants: the water in their cells begins to freeze, turning into ice. The day sun only aggravates the situation - the ice breaks the cell from the inside, and the plant dies. Therefore, residents of regions in which negative temperatures are predicted are advised to hurry up with the harvest. Yes, and on ornamental plants should worry, says the biologist Mikhail Vorobev:
"First of all, heat-loving plants will suffer from frosts. From decorative plants, first of all, dahlias are enough. Minus one degree is enough for 2-3 hours so that their aboveground parts suffer. As for vegetable crops: potatoes, beets, carrots, cabbage will not suffer in any way. But basil is better to collect, dry and preserve until frost. "
You need to save the low plants, because the autumn frosts affect only the soil, explains the president of the Association of Russian Gardeners Igor Mukhanin. September frost is not terrible for trees:
"Minus two is morning frosts, and only in the northern regions. Apples are not afraid of frost, good varieties stand up to minus 4. There are no problems. Plum is not afraid of frosts. It is only now being harvested in Tambov, Voronezh. It’s only worth worrying for raspberries. New varieties bear fruit until October, and for them minus 2 is already uncomfortable. "
But in the Siberian gardens there are plants whose fruits from frost become only sweeter: viburnum, mountain ash, sea buckthorn. There are such resistant specimens in the middle lane, the gardener tells Vladimir Tsymbal:
"Many plant species continue to grow vigorously until the first frost. And the foliage is shed when the frost hits. Lilac and its many varieties belong to this. By the way, in greenhouses it remains evergreen throughout the year. And in gardens it drops green leaves as soon as frost hits ".
Oddly enough, the magnolia is not afraid of severe frosts. But the harvest of pumpkin - zucchini, pumpkins, squash - better to collect before the frost (although they are not particularly affected by the morning frosts). In extreme cases, you can use a homemade stove to warm your villa flora: take an enamelled bucket, make a hole in the lid, and set fire to 2-3 pieces of coal at the bottom. Such a structure can save plants from sudden frosts.
Sanction reflex in Ukraine
ROSTISLAV ISHCHENKO: “Interpretations of the sanctions list began even before the sanctions had arisen. All last week in Ukraine, only lazy people didn’t shout:“ We’ll look at the list and find out who we have is a decent person, because who will not be brought, - urgently plant. "
"Poroshenko in agony is capable of anything!"
ROSTISLAV ISHCHENKO: "Get out to Russia", - it is clear that Poroshenko meant the Moscow Patriarchate PC. To some extent, this statement is hysterical, because time is ticking, but the issue cannot be resolved. And this is dangerous, because at any moment Poroshenko can go on to tough actions, he has nowhere to retreat. "
Opposition supports cannibal Islamists
EVGENY SATANOVSKY: “Islamists and democrats are an interesting topic, of course. But why did we suddenly stumble on the topic that Dmitry Gudkov post something about the Skeli bandits? I must say that Islamists are different. A huge number of people who call Jihad fighters are just gangsters, and in Africa they are gangsters to a great extent on the tribal level. "
Grade: Apple Tree, Flashlight
Autumn variety of the Krasnoyarsk Experimental Station for Fruit Growing, bred by N. N. Tikhonov and A. S. Tolmacheva from crossing Ranetka 6774 (Omsky seedling 17) with Pepin saffron.
The variety from the beginning of the 60s became very popular. With the emergence in the 80s of more large-fruited new varieties, the interest in him decreased before his excellent canning qualities were discovered. In the late 90s, its fruits began to be used in the canning industry. The variety is included in the State Register in the Chita, Irkutsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo regions, Krasnoyarsk Krai, the republics of Khakassia, Buryatia, Tyva. Well proved in zones of forest-steppe on the slopes of the south-western exposure.
Tree medium thick. Crohn narrow-pyramidal, medium density and foliage. The bark is smooth, brown, with an olive tinge, fruiting on simple and complex rings, often in increments of the past year.
Shoots medium thickness, straight, rounded in cross section, brownish-brown with a bluish tinge, slightly pubescent. Chechevichek small, small. Kidneys are small, pressed, conical, pubescent.
The leaves are medium in size, ovate, short-pointed, slightly wrinkled, dark green, with a bluish tinge, rough roughing, shiny. Edge serrated-gutted. The scape is long, thin, pubescent, with small lanceolate stipules.
The flowers are medium, small-shaped, white, stellate, fragrant, greenish buds. Petals are oval, thin, in contact with each other. Column pestles short, without pubescence. Stigma on a par with anthers.
Fruit (fig.) small, medium unidimensionality, oval, coloring at removal is blurry purple-crimson throughout the fruit, more intense during storage. The skin is smooth, with a touch. The stem is long, thin, straight, in a small, medium width funnel, without rust. Calyx non-falling, half-open. The saucer is small, wide, furrowed. Podchashechnaya tube short, funnel-shaped. The axial cavity is small, not connected to the seed chambers.
The flesh is pinkish-yellowish with red veins, medium density, very juicy, sweet-sour taste, with a faint aroma. The chemical composition of fruits: dry substances - 20.9%, sugars - 14.3%, titrated acids - 2.55%, sugar to acid ratio 5.5, pectin substances - 20.9%, tannins - 0.19, ascorbic acid - 24.6 mg / 100g, vitamin P - 133 mg / 100g.
Autumn variety. Start picking fruit September 1-10. Lezhkost fruits 2-2.5 months.
Fruit keep well on the tree, good transportability. Marketability is small (1 grade - 12%).
Fruit used fresh, for making compotes, excellent juices, mashed potatoes, preserves.
The variety is sterile. The best pollinators: Alenushka, Lada, Zhivinka, Light, Krasnoyarsk sweet.
Beginning of fruiting for 3-4 years, in favorable conditions, the harvest at the age of 13 is 109 c / ha. The frequency of fruiting in the early years is not sharp. High yields up to 10–16 years alternate with lower yields (74 centners per hectare, 140 centners per hectare, 173). At gardeners 6-year-old trees give 15-17 kg from a tree.
Winter hardiness is high. In the critical winters of the 60s, 80s, when the sum of negative temperatures reached -2926 °, and the minimum to -41.8 °, on the soil of -48.4 °, there were no trees dying. The preservation of flowers in 1968 at a temperature of -3.2 °, -4.7 ° - 43.6%. The recovery ability is high. Resistance to drought is average. The scab is resistant to scab.
Grade advantages: high winter hardiness, rapidity, high regular yield, universal use of fruits, high content of ascorbic acid.
Grade Disadvantages: small fruits, insufficient resistance to drought.
Regions in which this variety of Apple Tree, Flashlight, reveals to the maximum all its fruit abilities
How to save the crop?
Autumn apples can lie for about 2-2.5 months under proper storage conditions.
- An important stage - the right to eat the harvest. Try to shoot it carefully. Wrap the fruit around the palm and scrolling remove from the branch. Do not remove the stem.
- Prepare simple wooden crates for storage.. The surface of the container must be dry and clean.
- Carefully inspect the apples. Only whole and healthy are suitable for storage, without dents, scratches, worms, decay.
- It is better to put apples in one layerand not at each other.
- Harvest is best kept in a cool place. (barn, cellar) with a temperature of 0 to 8 degrees.
In order for the apple tree to bear fruit, it requires pollination.
Description of the variety Flashlight
It is not difficult to distinguish it by its characteristic features and features that we consider.
- Apple trees of medium height with a narrow crown and moderately dense crown and spreading branches.
- The bark is quite smooth, brown-olive color.
- Shoots pubescent, brown-brown, straight.
- Kidneys tightly pressed, conical, fleecy.
- The leaves are medium in size, egg-shaped, wrinkled, short-pointed, shiny. Petioles thin, elongated.
- The flowers are not large, star-shaped, pale white, very fragrant.
- Apples are not large, oval, one-dimensional.
- In September, the color of the fruit is purple-raspberry. During laying, it becomes more saturated.
- The stem is elongated, straight. The funnel is gray, small.
- The flesh is sweet and sour, juicy, contains a large percentage of sugars (up to 14-15% in one fruit), is rich in ascorbic acid (up to 24-25 mg per 100 grams).
- Most often, the fruits are used for fresh consumption, and are also suitable for preparing home-made cakes, compotes, jams, preserves. On sale and in production come less often.
The variety appeared due to the work of domestic breeders: Tikhonova N.N. and Tolmacheva A.S.
It was obtained in the 60s in the Krasnoyarsk Experimental Station for Horticulture from the crossing of the varietal variety 6774 (seedling Omsky 17) with Pepin saffron.
Natural growth region
The variety has been listed on the State Register. Irkutsk, Tomsk, Chita, Tyumen, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo regions, as well as around Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Republics of Tyva, Khakassia, Buryatia. The apple tree adapts well in forest-steppe areas. Not a bad crop brings when grown in the Central region.
Planting and care
An important role for good growth and development of the apple tree is played by the choice of place and time for planting, as well as the implementation of proper care for the young tree. Special It is important to follow the recommendations in the early years of the apple tree..
- The best time to plant an apple tree is the end of April or the beginning of May.. The snow should have completely melted by then. Pay attention to that the top layer of soil was not frozen, otherwise it will have to wait a little with the landing.
- Tree grows well in the open sunny area. Under conditions of light deficiencies, the quality and quantity of the crop may decrease.
- The soil should be high or medium fertility, loose and light.. Clay heavy soil needs to be mixed with sand. Before planting, be sure to add organic fertilizer (peat or ash).
- For planting you need to dig a deep hole (about 50 to 50 cm). The top layer of the earth to put in one direction, and the bottom in another. At the bottom of the pit make an earthen slide, apply fertilizer. The seedling is placed vertically in the center, the roots are straightened.
It will be more convenient to engage in landing together. In the pit, the lower layer of the earth is first poured, and then the upper one. Pay attention to the root neck. It must remain above the top of the ground.
- Water an apple tree is needed regular and moderate. If the tree is young, attention to watering should be paid more.
So that the water could get to the roots better, one can designate a rim around the trunk the size of a hole's diameter prepared for planting, that is, about 50 to 50 cm. Next to the apple tree, make special grooves to prevent water from stagnating..
Then it should be carried out every spring until the first buds appear. Pruning will help the formation of the correct crown, as well as serve as prevention from diseases and pests. Every spring, fertilize the tree with nitrogenous, potash fertilizers. The first dressing can be done during the landing, and the next to be carried out next year.
If the soil is not rich in minerals, in early autumn you can carefully dig the ground next to the apple tree and apply fertilizer. Variety Flashlight has excellent winter hardiness. It is even better tolerate the cold winter than the dry summer. In the sixties, during severe frosts, when the air temperature fell below -25 -30 degrees, not a single case of the death of apple trees was recorded.
Diseases and pests
remember, that disease prevention is much easier and more enjoyable than treatment.
Do not forget to properly care for the tree, fertilize, do pruning in the spring, observe the correct watering.
- Among the common dangerous pests are: moth, green aphid, hawthorn, leaflet, ticks, leafworm, mole. Spraying with insecticides (karbofos, chlorophos) is effective for combating these insects.
Not bad help people's proven tools: a decoction of their tops of tomato or bitter wormwood infusion. It is also possible to process wood for the purposes of prophylaxis, especially if there are affected apple trees in your or a neighboring plot.
The flashlight has long been one of the sought-after varieties and is grown in many household plots.
He is preferred due to simple care, good taste, abundant crops.
The apple tree is distinguished by excellent winter hardiness.
Her long winters, wind and frost are not terribletherefore, it can be grown in many regions of our country.
What varieties of apple trees are not afraid of frost
With good care, the apple tree brings a rich harvest. But every gardener knows that in winter a tree can suffer from frost. This question is most relevant for those regions where in winter the temperature drops especially low. Residents of such an area for planting is better to pick up such varieties that will not be afraid of severe frost. Here is a list of the most appropriate options.
The fruits of this variety, as a rule, ripen at the very beginning of September. Apples on such a tree will be quite large and appetizing in appearance. They have a dessert taste that has both sour and sweetish notes. The advantage of this variety is not only winter hardiness, but also good resistance to scab, which affects apple trees most often. Having planted an apple tree of the Autumn joy variety, every year you will harvest a good harvest, and you will not worry that the tree will die during the winter.
Apple tree that loves frost
Siberian apple tree is a unique plant. It is said that this tree yields a crop even with regular frosts in Siberia, where the temperature in winter often reaches -55 degrees.It is not at all difficult to grow an apple tree in my garden that would not be afraid of bitter cold, frost, sunburn. To do this, the apple tree must have a strong winter-hardy root system and a strong skeleton - the trunk with the main skeletal branches. In addition, on the skeleton, not affected by frost, overgrowing branches, getting good nutrition, store more nutrients.
In order to grow a seedling from a Siberian apple seedling, it will take 4-5 years, after which you can start planting the desired varieties of apple on a tree. They will also be protected, as well as the tree that will grow them. Varieties can usually be grafted as much as the seedling has branches. The only warning - you can not plant on one apple tree varieties of summer, autumn and winter terms of ripening together.
It is noticed that graft varieties significantly increase their winter hardiness. Due to this, they easily endure even the most severe frosts that can occur in our latitudes. It should also be noted that the yield from grafted varieties differs in taste from varieties grown in the usual way. So, apples are often much tastier, brighter in color and larger. Therefore, it often happens that such a tasty fruit grows on a small graft that they are much more valued than the best others in the whole garden.
Vaccinations that will acquire "Siberian" properties
As for which vaccinations can be used, it should be noted that they grow quite differently in different latitudes. In our case, in Ukraine, Pepin saffron, Kitaika gold well survived - they feel great on a Siberian woman. Positive results are obtained when re-grafting Borovinka, Papirovka, Cinnamon striped and Slavyanka. So the choice is quite wide.
More than 50 cm in the first year the sapling is unlikely to grow. Kronirovaniya begin most often only in the spring of the third year, before the start of sap flow. To obtain the first tier of skeletal branches shorten the upper part of the seedling shoot with a bud cut. The cut is made at a distance of 3-5 mm from the kidney at an angle of 45 ° with a sharp graft knife and covered with garden pitch. A continuation sprout will grow from this bud. In the fourth year, on the continuation of the shoot, they form the second tier of skeletal branches from three shoots. The distance between the first and second tier makes 50-60 cm, blinding all the buds in this area. Remove overgrowing shtamba branches to the first skeletal branch on the ring. Thus, in the fall of the fourth year, the tree will have three grafted branches, three branches of the second tier and a continuation escape. If desired, you can create a third tier of two branches.
Thus, the graft ends, pruning must be done as well as in the case of other trees. As a result, you get an incredibly winter-hardy apple tree, originally from Siberia, which will help to give the fruit amazing and unique taste, as well as properties that will help grow the fruit even in the most extremely low temperature conditions.
Apple tree variety "Flashlight"
The shape of the fruit is oval, the color is blurry, carmine-red, covering the whole fruit, with a strong patina. Massa 16-22 g, the largest - 32 g. Yellow flesh with red veins, juicy,
sweet-sour, refreshing taste
At 4 - 5 year gives three kg of fruit.
On average, 4 years harvest from a tree
- 17 kg, the largest 30- 35 kg. Fruits and
leaves are practically resistant to scab.
Fruits are good for cooking compotes, juices, mashed potatoes.
Ripening time - the beginning of September. Lezhkost - 60 days.
It will be possible to enjoy the fruits of apple trees of this variety in the first days of September. They are stored much longer than the previous version. Eating apples can be until November, and sometimes until December. Fruits are quite large, have a rounded, slightly flat shape, yellow with a greenish tinge. The taste of apples Young naturalist sweet and sour, they are very juicy. Trees of this variety are also resistant to scab. They bring good yields, but sometimes there are bad years. After planting, the fruit can be collected in 3-4 years.
This is one of the best varieties of apple. The advantage is not only high winter hardiness, but also the content of large amounts of vitamin C in apples. 100 g of an apple of this variety contains 35-40 g. And vitamin P contains as a rule, about 230 mg in the same number of apples. The variety is descended from the well-known Antonovka. Therefore, the fruits are very similar, not only in appearance, but also in their taste. The Antonovka variety can be stored for a rather long time - approximately until the end of December, but the fruits of the women of Russia can persist even until May of the next year. The advantage of Russian women is also that good harvests can be collected annually, while Antonovka bears fruit in a year.
It will be possible to collect the fruits in the last days of August or at the very beginning of September. For early varieties, Narodnoe variety apples have a particularly long shelf life. In the refrigerator, they can lie 130-140 days. Compared with the variety Antonovka it is a month longer. Fruits are average, rounded in shape. The color of apples is yellow with a very beautiful golden hue. The advantage of the variety is that the tree planted in the garden, from the very first year begins to yield crops. Every year, with such an apple you can collect a great harvest.
This variety got its name due to the fact that it was developed by Michurin I. V. The crop can be harvested quite early - this is about the middle of August. Fruits will remain usable with proper storage until January. The fruits are large. Each of them weighs 125-135 g. A distinctive feature is that they do not have seeds or they do not develop well enough. Apples have a sweet and sour taste and delicate aroma. Trees are resistant to scab. Bring a good regular harvest. Fruits ripen unevenly, so they can be plucked during the month, which is quite convenient for the family garden.