Crop production

The best spring primroses for giving and features of their cultivation

Flora, including decorative perennial and annual garden flower cultures, is very popular in modern landscape design in the country. Flower beds and flower beds become a real decoration of the usual garden plot. The earliest and first unusually beautiful flowers appear in the spring almost immediately after the snow melted, and the decorativeness of such well-known flower growers is not inferior to the most modern and promising new garden 2016.

In order to choose correctly which varieties and hybrid forms to plant at home or in open ground, it is recommended to get acquainted with the catalog and listen to the opinion of experienced flower growers and landscape designers.

New 2016

Planting and cultivation of the most modern and promising forms allows you to get not only the most attractive, but also the most stable and unpretentious flower beds that can become an ornament of the garden plot for a long time.

Novelties for floristic arrangements, received by domestic and foreign breeders in recent years, are able to satisfy the needs of even the most demanding grower.

Many varieties are perfectly restored as a result of self-seeding, which reduces not only labor, but also the cost of purchasing seed. Such ornamental flowering plants are great for filling the empty space of perennial flower beds, and also very organically combined with a variety of plant species.

Depending on the characteristics of the intended landscape design and the soil and climatic conditions of the region florists have the opportunity to purchase the newest and most promising varieties or hybrid forms of flowering plants, related to the novelties of this year.

Spring primroses - planting and selection of plants for landscaping the site

Probably the strongest human emotions can be caused only by the first spring flowersthat appear when the snow has not yet descended.

Spring begins to tease people, animals and plants with sunshine, which are really warm and affectionate, the first thawed patches and timid rivulets appear, but it is the appearance of primroses, these small, but rather bold plants, indicating that spring has come completely and irrevocably.

May be, primroses do not have especially bright colors and they bloom not for long, however, each of these plants is undemanding in care. The main thing is to choose the right places for planting for primroses in autumn.

Planting primroses at their summer cottage

Primroses can be bulbous or rhizomatous. They are preferably planted in areas where good lighting and wet, without stagnant water, the soil. The principles of planting bulbous and rhizomatous primroses differ slightly:

  1. Planting bulbous primroses, in order to enjoy their flowering in early spring, you need to make autumn. An exception to the rule are hyacinths with crocuses.
  2. Planting rhizome primroses produce in the spring. These include hellebore and jellyfish.

We recommend planting primrose plants next to perennial plants that begin to bloom after primroses bloom.

If you plant primroses on a plot, you can rejoice at it immediately after the cold winter ends.

The appearance of spring primroses.

So, the first flowers that fill our gardens and summer cottages with beauty from early spring can be planted with your own hands, if you know how to take care of them.

Tender, loved by all, snowdrops

Not everyone who loves these tender spring flowers, snowdrops, know that they are still called Galantus.

They are quite cold-resistant plants that appear in the meadows after the snow melts.

When spring comes, the snowdrop blooms first, by its very name showing the winter that it was slightly delayed, and it would be time for her to give way to spring. Even ongoing frosts, or newly fallen snow, do not harm flowers.

Snowdrops are small-bulb plants. They are not demanding on the soil, but it is preferable to grow them in loose, moist and nutritious soil, well-drained, because stagnant water can destroy the tender bulb of the plant.

The appearance of the first snowdrops.

It is best to plant snowdrops under a tree or shrub, not giving a large shade in the spring. If there was little snow in winter and there was no rain in spring, it is necessary to water it.

Snowdrops are ephemeroids - the above-ground parts of it die off as soon as the non-durable vegetative period ends. Breeding is done using baby bulbs, and the best period for planting is July-September.

A few words about proleski

Many of the flowering forests are associated with the onset of spring. They are inhabitants of forests that are capable of forming in forest glades a kind of sky-blue lakes. The planting of these spring primroses is also popular in gardens and country houses. They plant rockeries, alpine slides. Blue woods look great on lawns when bare bushes and trees grow around them.

Most famous among the Siberian proleskov, which bloom in late March. Proleska blooms piercing blue bell-shaped flowers. A much greater variety of varietal plant species, which may have a white, blue, purple and pale pink color.

Proleski are bulbous perennials, non-capricious and independent plants, which are better planted on the canopy of orchards in loose and fertile enough soil.

The plant can perfectly reproduce by self-sowing, you can also use the division of the bulbs. They have the ability to grow on one plot of land for many years in a row. They are winter-resistant, however, cover for the period of the winter the area where the stands are planted with fallen leaves.

A little bit about crocuses

The flowering of botanical species of crocuses begins in late February. Much later begins flowering of many of their hybrids (April month). Crocuses are most beautifully planted in groups, because they are so more expressive and noticeable. At the same time, it is possible to combine different types of crocuses with each other, as well as a combination of crocuses and other primroses.

The most expressive look is in crocuses, if they make stones as their background: contrasting tender flowers with strict boulders take a decorative look. This makes it appropriate to plant crocuses in rockeries or on a rocky hill. These plants are beautiful on lawns, but it will not be possible to mow the grass until the primroses completely fade.

Awakening in the spring of crocuses.

It should be planted spring blooming crocuses in the fall. Plants survive well on sunny and shady meadows, however, if the plot is sunny, the plant blooms profusely, and its colors are brighter.

Like other bulbous plants, crocuses are more likely to grow on loose and permeable soils. Stagnant water causes the bulbs to rot.

Crocuses require minimal maintenance, they do not have to be dug out when winter cold comes. It is enough to remove the withered inflorescences, otherwise they will spoil the beauty of the flower beds. Before the arrival of winter, the place where crocuses are planted is mulched using foliage or compost.

Crocuses, as well as other bulbous ones, are propagated with the help of daughter bulb processes. Planting a single bulb guarantees the appearance of a nest in the same place in a couple of years.

In order for crocuses to start blooming faster, you need to plant them in sunny meadows, in places where the snow comes first.

What are iridodictiums?

Iridodictiums are snowdrop irisesthat begin to bloom as soon as spring comes and the snow melts. They are frost-resistant onion perennials, and look like ordinary irises.

The plants do not grow tall, but look attractive and elegant, have bright original colors, which can be pale blue, purple, blue, cyan, purple, red or orange, and have a diameter of 5-7 cm.

Most often on the flower petals visible fancy ornament - spots and stripes. Growth iridodictium small - no more than 10 cm, so the plants are planted in rocky gardens.

During flowering, which falls on March-April, they look great in the company of other bulbous plants.

They decorate lawns when planted in groups, because a single planting makes the plants inconspicuous.

Blooming flowers of snowdrops irises.

Iridodictiums do not require special care. They need to be looked after as well as tulips. They like to grow in light and well-drained nutrient soils. Plants love the sun, so you need to take this circumstance into account when choosing a place to plant.

In the summer, as soon as the leaves begin to die, it is recommended to dig up the bulbs. And they are planted with tulips in the fall. The best method of reproduction is vegetative - planting one adult bulb gives 1-2 new ones.

Latin name of this flower Errantis Translated into Russian means "spring" and "flower".

Most often they become the first spring flowers, ahead of frost-resistant snowdrop.

Vesennik grow single, their yellow flowers are cup-shaped, up to 3 cm in diameter, able to make their way through a layer of snow, and have elegant bronze-green leaves. Plant blooms about two weeks.

Features planting spring.

Preferably planting these small plants in groups, which makes them look spectacular. They can be planted in the company of early onion plants - snowdrops, crocuses, iridodicia.

The best place for their growth can be considered the penumbra, formed by the crowns of deciduous shrubs or trees. They prefer a light, non-acidic, nutritious and fairly moist soil without stagnant water or drought.

Springs breed with the help of seeds, and bloom no earlier than the third year after planting. Further reproduction occurs in them self-sowing.

Frostberry is also called the “Christ Flower” or “Christmas Rose”. Legend asserts about this flower that it was presented as a gift by the Bethlehem shepherds to the newborn baby Jesus. The inhabitants of the Middle Ages considered hellebore to be protected (as if he drives away evil spirits, the evil eye and witchcraft) and always planted near his home.

Freezers are evergreen rhizome perennials that bloom in early spring, a little later snowdrops and crocuses. Plant under the force to transfer frosts to 6 degrees below zero. They bloom a variety of inflorescences - white, burgundy, yellowish with a green tint, dark red, peach and other colors.

Blooming spring flowers - hellebore.

These plants are not demanding on soils, but soils are loose, moist, well-drained. It is better to plant them in partial shade - under apple trees, the leaves of which will become a natural mulch, making the soil more fertile and providing the plant with a sufficient amount of useful substances.

When choosing a site for planting a hellebore, be sure to consider the fact that the flower does not like frequent transplants, and without it can grow up to ten years.

The hellebore is propagated using seeds or dividing a bush, and it blooms in the third year after planting.

Muscari is differently called mouse hyacinth or viper bow, is a bulbous perennial plant, unpretentious and quickly growing.

It prefers both sunny places and partial shade - you can plant it under a bush.

It is better to choose the soil in such a way that it has good water permeability, since the bulbs are contraindicated for wetting.

Varieties of flowers Muscari.

Flowers have shades ranging from white to dark blue, depending on the species. They have the form of dense inflorescences (apical or racemes) and grow up to 8 cm. Early species bloom 2-3 weeks in April, then the foliage begins to die, which makes one think about removing spoiling kind of plant compositions.

Muscari are aggressive bulbous plants, which are better to start to plant in a special container, because if they are planted on the site, then you can not get rid of them.

Anemone is also called anemone. Early species considered luteutic anemone or the oak forest (“snowdrop”, because it blooms early and has a snow-white flower). As soon as buds appear on the trees, the glades are covered with solid white carpets of anemones.

Domesticated Anemone oakwood has higher stems and flower sizes than wild. Her flower will look beautiful if the background is planting a spirae and a dwarf barberry, which emphasizes the tenderness and beauty of their spring leaves.

Spring flowers anemones.

Anemone is planted on moist, alkaline and humus-rich soils. But the plant is not capricious, therefore it is able to adapt to any soil. Anemone is propagated in early spring by rhizome division.

This plant has a creeping rhizome located in the upper layers of the soil. At the time of winter frosts it is better to cover it, because severe frosts can destroy flower buds that appear in the autumn.

Beauty and tenderness primrose

Primrose - quite unpretentious plants, which there are more than 550 species. They bloom not all the same. Some species begin to bloom in April. Other species may bloom a second time in the fall.

Early flowering varieties are primroses spring (ram) and ordinary. To get a lush flowering, after the snow melts, loosening the soil, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizers, and when flowering begins - phosphate fertilizers.

Plant the primrose in a well-drained, moist soil. At the same time take into account the humidity - the soil should be maintained with sufficient moisture, without stagnant water.

Primrose spring primroses.

It is best to propagate the plant by dividing the bush. This is done at the beginning of June, when the plant will fade.

To prolong the flowering of primrose, it is necessary to remove faded flower stalks, otherwise the plant will have to spend useful substances on seeds that ripen in them.

Most primroses are planted in soils in areas or in pots.

Primroses - messengers of spring!

Although Epiphany frosts pop outside the window, I want to give you a piece of heat and spring.

In the previous article, we learned about one of the very first flowers on our summer cottages - the primrose. Let's continue the conversation about primroses.

Between spring and winter, on the small islands of the earth, warmed by the sun, these very first spring flowers.

Such touching and resistant snowdrops, hionodoksy, crocuses and Scylla blooming in the snow.

About these beautiful flowers that we are first met at the summer cottage after a long winter and rush to please us with the news that winter has passed and there is a blooming, fragrant summer ahead.

Small-leaved plants are especially loved by summer residents and often 15-20 species of these plants are gathered in one area, not to mention varieties. But breeders are still very difficult to keep up with - new items appear every year and one variety is more beautiful than the other.

These small flowers will look especially beautiful and impressive in a flowerbed if we plant at least 15-20 bulbs of the same species.It is generally recommended planting density of small-bulbous plants - 150-200 pcs./m2 and this scheme will give them the opportunity to grow freely. Replant most of these plants once every 5-6 years.

The majority of small-bulbous are well known to all summer residents and I will not repeat their description. I want to dwell only on the features of the cultivation and reproduction of the most popular of them.

Gallant and snow white

First of all, of course, let's talk about snowdrop - a symbol of spring and the awakening of nature.

It blooms very early in the beginning and middle of April, and in the southern regions even earlier - at the end of February - beginning of March. To have this miracle of spring bloom as early as possible, plant it in the most sunny place or from the south side of any summer house.

And the snowdrop will appear to you right from under the snow!

The most popular types are snow white snowdropwhich has plants with double flowers, snowdrop elvezawhose flowers have a pleasant faint odor and a height of up to 20 cm.

It is better to plant snowdrops in September, but if autumn is warm enough, then planting can continue until November.

Buy the same bulbs for planting can be from July to September. Such terms of purchase are due to the fact that the bulbs of snowdrops can only be on the air for 2-3 months without losing their qualities, since they do not tolerate long-term drying.

The depth of planting bulbs should be at least 5 cm, and the deeper we plant a bulb, the larger it will be. If we plant smaller snowdrop bulbs, a lot of “babies” will be formed that will be suitable for breeding.

Miniature bouquets of snowdrops will decorate your room. They stand in the water for a long time and look very gentle and expressive.

Delicious crocuses

The first place among small-bulbous ones rightfully belongs crocus. Now there are more than 300 varieties of crocuses with flowers of various shapes and colors.

These miniature flowers, dissolving immediately after the snow melted, give our garden a delicate aroma and spring mood. Crocuses do not cause much trouble, they can grow on any drained soil, but still develop better on light, humus-rich soils.

These are light-loving but resistant to light blackout plants. They look gorgeous wherever we plant them: among green grass, among stones on small alpine hills, among conifers and along garden paths.

In order to create solid spots or tape, crocuses are planted very tightly, leaving a distance of no more than 3 cm between them.
But, since they multiply very quickly, some varieties need to be dug up after 2-3 years.

From one large corm of a crocus, 5-6 smaller ones are formed, and the next year, already from them, 2 large bulbs grow. The best time to dig and transplant crocuses from July to September.

If we want to increase the area of ​​planting of these plants, then we can be seated annually so that the “kids” will have room for growth. Otherwise, it will be possible to tackle the overfilled nest only after 4-5 years, when the parent corm will be already crowded and its flowering will become much worse.

Crocuses are able to please us not only in early spring, but also in winter - on the eve of New Year and Christmas. They are great for winter forcing.

What you need to do to get blooming crocuses for Christmas?

  1. Select bulbs with a diameter of 7-8 cm (they will give one flower each) or a diameter of 10 cm or more (they will give 3-4 flowers each). The time of forcing directly depends on the size of the bulb, the larger we take the onion, the sooner the forcing will be.
  2. Immediately after digging the bulbs, we place them in storage: the first week at 34 ° C, two weeks - 20 ° C, until August 10 - 17 ° C and before planting - 9 ° C.
  3. We plant the bulbs at the end of September in pots with a usual substrate for rooting close to each other, and slightly pressing.
  4. Then 5 weeks cooling period at 9ºС and 10 weeks at 5ºС (if it became necessary to delay rooting, then it is possible to temporarily lower the temperature to 1-2ºС).
  5. Distillation time - 2-3 weeks at a temperature of 15-17ºС.

Here is such a wonderful surprise you can do - blooming crocuses under the Christmas tree! Try to surprise your loved ones.

Spring sky shards

Bright blue flowers on black earth or against the background of a tree trunk you can not miss, they immediately attract the eye.
Gentle etcOleski (Scylla) also bloom in early spring.

The most common and favorite among summer residents are the varieties: Scylla Siberian - with bright blue or white flowers, scilla bell blue - With numerous blue flowers that look like drooping bells.

It is best to plant the scilla at a distance of 4-6 cm from each other. Especially beautiful flowering Scylla combined with peonies and ferns, as well as with snowdrops and crocuses.

Scylla is an unpretentious and cold-resistant plant that grows well not only in the sun, but also in shaded areas. But nevertheless best of all the woods grow in the orchard and on the loose humus soil.

Under the garden canopy, they quickly grow self-sowing and will delight us with their beauty for a long time, since in one place they can grow up to 5 years and even more.

The bulbs are planted in the ground at the end of summer or early autumn to a depth of 5-10 cm. Proleski can also multiply by seeds that are sown freshly harvested in the fall.

Seedlings bloom at the same time for 3-4 years after sowing. Scylla is watered moderately, fed with complex mineral fertilizer.

Famous and familiar - Muscari

Muscari - bright unpretentious plants resembling a miniature hyacinth. Muscari is often called the viper onion, or mouse hyacinth.

They grow well and in shaded areas among trees, for a long time do not need to be transplanted (5-7 years), they multiply well and amicably bloom annually in May and June.

For planting, the places of the summer cottage where the water stagnates are completely unsuitable, since the bulbs are likely to rot and die.

Water muscari is necessary only during flowering, and even within 1-2 weeks after its completion. Fertilizing planting in early spring with complex mineral fertilizer (40 g per 1 m2).

The small, fragrant flowers of this plant are most often blue in color, but there are also purple, white, mauve, light blue, and even pale yellow.

What kind of muscari grow on your site? Maybe you should still plant muscari is ugly shaped or Muscari Tubergena.

Be sure to add to your collection and ambrosis muscari , which has a unique yellow-purple flowers that change color.

BUT Muscari Dark Aes will be able to please you with blue and white border buds that resemble bells.
By the way, the Muscari are also excellent for the forcing!

Hello, dear readers!

Although Epiphany frosts pop outside the window, I want to give you a piece of heat and spring.

In the previous article, we learned about one of the very first flowers on our summer cottages - the primrose. Let's continue the conversation about primroses.

Between spring and winter, on the small islands of the earth, warmed by the sun, these very first spring flowers.

Such touching and resistant snowdrops, hionodoksy, crocuses and Scylla blooming in the snow.

About these beautiful flowers that we are first met at the summer cottage after a long winter and rush to please us with the news that winter has passed and there is a blooming, fragrant summer ahead.

Small-leaved plants are especially loved by summer residents and often 15-20 species of these plants are gathered in one area, not to mention varieties. But breeders are still very difficult to keep up with - new items appear every year and one variety is more beautiful than the other.

These small flowers will look especially beautiful and impressive in a flowerbed if we plant at least 15-20 bulbs of the same species. It is generally recommended planting density of small-bulbous plants - 150-200 pcs./m2 and this scheme will give them the opportunity to grow freely. Replant most of these plants once every 5-6 years.

The majority of small-bulbous are well known to all summer residents and I will not repeat their description. I want to dwell only on the features of the cultivation and reproduction of the most popular of them.

Lace pipsqueak

Petite unpretentious chionodox - Another one of the most touching spring plants.

It blooms in late April - early May, but if we plant it in the place where the snow melts in the first place, then chionodox will bloom even earlier.

These magnificent plants look best on an alpine slide, and they can also be planted in sunny and pritennyh areas of the garden.

The most popular are the three types of hionodoksy: giant, lucilia and sardinian. In the lilac-blue pampered flowers, asterisks of the hionodox of Lucily seem to reflect the spring sky.

Certainly attractive and chionodoxa pink jint - A low plant with amazing pale pink flowers.

Hionodoks reproduces vegetatively - bulbs-kids. They are formed during the season 3-4 pieces. The bulbs are planted at a depth of 5-8 cm.

However, it is best not to dig out the chionodox bulbs and plant and replant the plant during flowering. This is due to the fact that it is quite difficult to dig up all the bulbs, they must be chosen very carefully and at a sufficiently large depth. And still, most often, they will be able to hide.

And transplanting during flowering, which is most surprising, hionodoksy endure painlessly. Only transplantation should be carried out as quickly as possible so as not to dry the very tender and delicate roots.

And if we do not plant something exotic?

If the flowers, which were discussed earlier, have already been firmly established on our summer cottages, then some small-bulbous cultures are still considered exotic. These are plants like kandyk and iridodictum.

Kandyk prefers shading, so it can be planted in the shady corners of our garden. Bulbs are planted at the end of the summer by 3-4 pieces to a depth of 10-15 cm and at a distance of 15 cm from each other.

Kandyk bulbs can stay on the air for no more than one day, as they do not have protective scales. For longer storage of bulbs use wet peat and sand or moss.

Kandyk does not like frequent transplants, so it is better not to touch him for 4-5 years. During this time, it grows heavily, forming up to 20 daughter bulbs, and creates a very decorative curtain.

I do not advise replanting the kandyk in spring during flowering, as the plant is very difficult to tolerate such a transplant.

No less exotic and original. iridicactums - small white and blue "irises", blooming in mid-May.

They absolutely can not tolerate waterlogging and grow well in sunny places, in rockeries and rock gardens.

The bulbs are dug in June, then dried and stored until planting in September. At one place iridodicums can grow 6-8 years.

This concludes the conversation about small-bulbous plants - primroses. In the next article I will also talk about bulbous cultures, but which bloom later.

Primrose spring: photo of medicinal primrose, description, features of growing and use

This plant has many names:

  • Spring primrose (medicinal, real),
  • Spring primula,
  • Rams, lambs, ears,
  • Golden key (flowers really resemble a bunch of gold-plated keys).

Perhaps the most accurate is Latin - Prímula véris, which shows that a plant that has deserved so many affectionate names is a kind of primrose, well known to gardeners.

There is a whole group of plants that are commonly called “spring primroses” - for early flowering. Drug primrose can be safely attributed to this group, although it is not the most popular in it.

The name from Latin is translated as “early spring”.

Primrose is a grassy perennial. Stems are straight, juicy, 15-30 cm tall. Oblong, ovate, pubescent leaves are collected in the rosette. Root system - rhizome. On each peduncle there are drooping flowers collected in an inflorescence umbrella (10-30 flowers).

The flowers are tubular, with a five-petal halo, at the base of the fold of each petal - a barely visible dark spot. One pistil, five stamens. If you look closely, you can see that the different flowers have anthers and pistils at different levels.

In some the stigma of the pistil is lower than the anthers, in others the opposite is the way some plants adapt to cross-pollination. The diameter of the flowers - 7-15 mm.

Seeds and boll - they can be seen in the figure below.

Early flowering - from mid-April to July.

What does the spring primrose look like in the photo?

Where is it found in the wild?

Its habitats are forests and forest-steppe in the western part of Russia. It is distributed almost throughout the country, but in some regions of its population it is gradually being replaced by a very similar, kindred species - primrose large-cup (in the Volga region, Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Caucasus)

Some taxonomists consider the large-cup subspecies of primrose spring. It is also listed in the Red Book of many regions of the Russian Federation, used as an ornamental, curative (rhizome is used), and a gastronomic (leaves are a source of vitamin C) plant.

Growing up

Primrose can be grown from seeds that, although not often, are commercially available.

They are sown before winter (in August or September) or in spring (March or April).

The distance between plants and rows is 30 cm.

Spring primrose seeds are sown as early as possible - they quickly lose their germination.

Sowing on seedlings:

  1. Deadline - the beginning of February.
  2. Seeds spread on pre-moistened soil surface (leaf soil, sand, sod land - 2: 1: 1).
  3. Spread rarely, only slightly pressing the seeds to the soil.
  4. Cover with glass or polyethylene, put in the freezer (temperature no higher than -10 ºC) for a month.
  5. Then rearrange the crops on the windowsill. Temperature - 16-18 ºC. It is necessary to choose the lit place, but without hit of direct sunshine.
  6. The soil is moistened in a timely manner.
  7. Primula germinates rather slowly - 2-3 weeks.
  8. Emerged shoots gradually accustom to fresh air, two weeks after germination the film is removed.
  9. Dive after the appearance of 2 true leaves. Dive plants constantly, as they grow, until the time comes for planting in open ground - and this happens only in the second year of life. Landing in the ground - at the end of May. The distance between the plants is 30 cm.

Landing and site selection

This plant is a good choice for semi-shady places, for example, near the wall of the house, under the trees, near the fence. The earth does not need special preparation, let’s not forget that it is a native plant for our country, but you should pay attention to the fact that the soil is quite fertile and well-hydrated. Suitable clay soil, if it is too heavy, it is dug up with sand, moss, vermiculite and organic matter.

Application

Young leaves of the plant are edible, are a source of an incredible amount of vitamin C - two young leaves provide the daily rate of an adult. Especially appreciated because it is available in early spring when there are not enough vitamins. The leaves contain not only vitamin C, but also carotene, saponins, flavonoids.

Primrose Varieties

The first spring flowers are so diverse that it becomes difficult for a gardener to choose which primroses to plant in their garden or on the backyard lawn. They differ in size, number of buds, type of inflorescences.Such a variety allows you to create unusual flower arrangements or plant several varieties that will alternately bloom and delight with their beauty for a long time.

Landscape designers planted primroses for landscaping urban park areas, refining areas in public gardens and other urban areas. These types of flowers can be planted immediately after the winter:

  • crocus,
  • lily of the valley,
  • perennial violets
  • forest anemone,
  • muscari,
  • lumbago,
  • spring blooming iris,
  • lungwort,
  • snowdrop, which is also known as galantus,
  • kaluznitsa,
  • hionodoksa, nicknamed "snow beauty",
  • periwinkle
  • scilla (scilla),
  • hyacinth,
  • primrose,
  • hellebore (gelleborus),
  • early yellow narcissus,
  • liverworm.

This list is endless. It also includes the favorite of all women - the tulip, as well as bright hyacinth, colorful anemone, proud and naughty hazel grouse, gentle forget-me-nots and other first flowers that bloom after winter.

No matter how many flowers are planted in the garden, you always want to decorate it even more, to try something new to change the composition. Each gardener should get acquainted in advance with the types of primroses, their characteristics, flowering time, rules of cultivation.

Sensitive Anemone (Anemone)

This amazing flower got its name for a reason. Anemone is very sensitive even to the slightest gust of wind. Because of this, she constantly nods as if with her flowers swaying on tall stems.

If you want to plant primroses in the garden, which delight early flowering, then anemone will be an excellent option for planting. The most popular among gardeners enjoys lyutichna, oakwood, castellated, tender anemone. During the flowering period, they delight white, yellow, scarlet, blue flowers. Anemone tender is the smallest representative of this species and reaches a height of only 10 cm.

Garden plants are often planted in trees, shrubs, near the buildings in the garden. Such places will help protect the sensitive flower from strong gusts of wind. Anemones bloom in mid-April. The flowering period lasts only 2−3 weeks. Experienced growers plant anemone next to plants that bloom in early May. This is due to the fact that the above-ground part of the anemone dies immediately after flowering, and later flowers will be able to cover up the unsightly look of wilted primroses.

Unpretentious snowdrop

Despite the fact that the snowdrop is listed in the red book because of its rarity in the natural environment, each gardener can grow this amazing plant in his garden. The peculiarity of the snowdrop lies in its unpretentiousness, it does not need to be transplanted for a long time, it is undemanding to the type of soil. If you decide to transplant galantus, then you need to do it in the following way:

  • dig a flower so as not to damage the root system along with a piece of soil or sod,
  • prepare a hole for planting up to 40 cm deep,
  • transplant the plant, gently dig, compact and pour.

The best place for planting garden primroses will be shady lowlands, where the sunlight periodically penetrates. Snowdrops love well-moistened soil and cool weather. The colder the spring, the longer and fuller the galantus will bloom. This type of primrose belongs to bulbous flowers, so after the end of flowering, the leaves of the snowdrop are not cut off, but leave to wither on their own, so that the bulb is stocked with nutrients.

Inflorescences have the form of a drooping bell. The following types of galantus are suitable for planting on the garden plot: ordinary, Elvis, Volkov.

Blue scaly carpet

This beautiful perennial bulbous plant is notable for its small height. Thanks to the thick sowing of seeds, in the spring you can see an amazing sight - the blue carpet of woods, carpeting garden lawns. Among gardeners most in demand Siberian forests, characterized by frost resistance, unpretentiousness and long life (up to 5 years).

Growing sprouts from small bulbs-kids. Often the reproduction of a flower occurs by self-sowing. In order for the floral carpet to delight with its beauty every year, it is necessary to feed the plant with fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.

Early tulips

Primroses also include simple or terry tulipdelighting with a variety of colors. These flowers are grown by gardeners to create variegated spring flower beds or flower beds. In addition, they are grown under the cut. Plant height varies from 25–40 cm. They begin to bloom in late April or early May, depending on weather conditions.

The moisture-loving flower constantly needs watering, especially if there is a dry spring outside. Water for irrigation must be mixed with nitrogen, potash or phosphate fertilizers. After withering, it is necessary to cut off the calyx, and leave the peduncle, leaves and stem to supply the bulb with nutrients.

Magnificent hyacinth

Early-flowering hyacinths often delight with blue or blue buds, ten days later, later members of the pink, red, white family bloom. A perennial plant begins to bloom in late April, looks great in both large and small flower garden.

The cooler the weather, the longer the hyacinth will delight gardeners with its flowering, which lasts about 2–3 weeks. This primrose is pretty capricious and whimsicaltherefore requires special care:

  • Early processing of autumn soil before planting with fertilizers with a high content of organic matter and minerals.
  • Plant the bulbs in fertile soil with a neutral pH. The best place will be a hill with deep groundwater.
  • The soil should be well drained.
  • Hyacinth bulbs are planted at the end of September to a depth of 8–20 cm, depending on the size of the onion.
  • During the first frost, the landing holes are mulched with ash or sawdust.

Primroses need care and in the spring. First you need to get rid of the mulch and the frozen crust, to facilitate the process of punching sprouts through the soil.

After the first sprouts appeared from the ground, they should be fertilized with nitrogenous bait. The formation of buds is accompanied by fertilizer from mineral fertilizers.

Bright primula

This unpretentious herbaceous perennial will please every gardener with the first spring flowers of yellow, orange, burgundy, purple hues. The variety of paints precisely will recover any garden site. The best places for planting primrose will be areas near trees and shrubs. The plant blooms at the beginning of May and prefers shady places for growing with a small amount of sunlight.

When planting primrose should stick to a few rules:

  • The soil should be fertilized, fertile and loose.
  • Planting holes should be on high ground.
  • The plant requires periodic transplantation (once every 3-4 years).

Replant primroses after flowering. For this, the flower is carefully dug, the root system is washed to facilitate division. As a result, shrubs with a growth point, a few leaves and a thick tuft of roots should be formed. Place for a transplant is to choose a shady.

Perennial plants that begin to grow in late spring will be good neighbors for primroses. The neighborhood of climbing and creeping perennials will affect the development of the first spring flowers safely.

Choosing a place to plant in the garden

Special winter hardiness can boast first spring flowers. Primroses prefer to grow in shady or semi-shady areas. Being under sunshine can destroy a beautiful plant, the leaves will begin to shrink, the flower itself will weaken, stop blooming and may die.

Tuberous and bulbous perennials perfectly take root in loose soil. Before planting, the land is fertilized with compost or multi-component feed, all weeds nearby are removed. Primroses are able to please their owner with lush bloom for 5-6 years without the need for transplanting. After that, the plant should be transplanted to a new place, which will become a source of nutrients.

Almost all species of early-flowering plants are self-seeding. You can propagate them with the help of seeds, then waiting for the first shoots can take up to 4 years, depending on the species. A more convenient way of breeding will be branch of turf.

Ideas for landscape design

The colorful first spring flowers are especially good when they make their way out of the ground, which is still covered with snow. Unpretentious flowers allow you to create unusual, bright compositions on the plot. With their help, you can decorate not only the dacha garden, but also reservoirs, rock gardens, special garden containers.

Here are a few design ideas for the dacha:

  1. Colorful lawn. To decorate the garden lawn, it can be planted miniature bulbous plants. In a single composition, the glades, crocuses, muscari, planted close to each other will look harmonious. This will allow to achieve the effect of thick, colorful, floral carpet.
  2. Pond in the flower garden. Often in the gardens you can see natural springs or artificially created waterfalls. Such reservoirs look particularly good in the environment of colorful primroses. When choosing flowers for planting at a waterfall or spring, you should give preference to moisture-loving plants. For example, lysihiton or white flowers. They blend harmoniously with summer bulbous flowers and perennials.
  3. Alpine composition. Early flowering plants are perfect for creating picturesque rock gardens and mixborders. Crocus, hyacinths, snowdrops planted in small groups will help to complement the alpine composition. Bright flower lawns, making their way into rock gardens, will be a real decoration of the flower garden. In mixborders it is better to use undersized primroses. They should be planted in the foreground with decorative perennials, which have dense foliage.
  4. Growing in pots or containers. All early-flowering flowers perfectly take root indoors, for example, beautiful pots or flowerpots. In this case, the main task facing the gardener, is to create the most natural conditions of growth. It is necessary to plant seeds or bulbs thickly so that the pot is completely covered with flowers. Hanging pots will be a great home decoration.

With the help of spring primroses, you can create original flower drawings on the lawns. The main thing, plant them nearby with perennial, broadleaf plants. This will hide from prying eyes wilted flowers after their flowering.

Nothing pleases the grower so much as the first spring flowers blooming on the winter lawn. Some places are still covered with snow, through which pierces the lush green primroses, topped with bright inflorescences.

General information

Primula (Latin Primula, from the word "Primus" - "first") in Russia is often called primrose: this is due to its "habit" to bloom before the full melting of snow. The genus belongs to the family Primrose and is a low grass.

Most species are perennial, occasionally one or two year old varieties. Flowers differ in various coloring, depending on a type grow alone or in groups - in a brush or "umbrellas". The fruit is a box of seeds.

Flowering occurs from spring to mid-summer, quite abundant, some varieties bloom a second time in the fall. The advantages of the flower also include its winter hardiness and unobtrusive aroma, ease of growing, rapid reproduction.

Most often, primrose is found in forests, mountains and wet areas. Some of its species are noted in the Red Book of many areas, for example, Volgograd, and are protected.

Primroses can be used not only as a decorative element:

  1. Their leaves in fresh and dried form are added to dishes, such as soups and roasts.
  2. Primula is a good expectorant: infusion of leaves is used for sore throat, neurosis and cold, root infusion is used for external hemorrhages.
  3. The flower is effective against avitaminosis, as they contain a large amount of manganese salt and vitamins, it is often added to medicinal fees and teas.

Breeding

Primroses can breed in two ways:

  1. Seeds: only original varieties propagate in this way, not hybrid varieties. The main difficulty lies in the need for rapid sowing, since the primrose seeds are not adapted for long-term storage.

Collection takes place at the end of the summer. The seeds are immediately wrapped in a damp cloth and left for half a month in the refrigerator. Then they are poured into a mixture of sand and hardwood (1: 2 ratio), covered with a film to get the effect of a greenhouse, and cleaned in a warm place. The temperature should not exceed 20 degrees.

After germination, the film is removed, when a couple of leaves appear, the seedlings swoop. When the sprouts get stronger, they need to be gradually taught to a lower temperature, and to spring in the spring,

  1. The division of the bush: it is more simple and popular option. At the age of 3-5 years at the end of the summer, the bush is dug up and is divided with the roots into two or more parts with a sharp, disinfected knife. Each part must be left with several buds for renewal. The obtained parts are immediately planted and watered.
  2. Cuttings: for this they use young rosettes that root in the ground in August. After 15-20 days, when they take out the roots, the sockets are transplanted into separate boxes and sent for wintering. The next spring they can be planted.

A primula is an unpretentious and frost-tolerant plant that has taken root in garden plots. It is easy to plant it with your own hands, without worrying about the lack of skills. The photo is easy to see all their decorative features.

How to grow a primrose from seed, see the gardener's advice in the following video:

Collecting leaves

They are collected by hand at the beginning of flowering, with only one half of the leaves taken from one copy. The resulting raw materials are dried at normal temperature or at 90-100 ° - this method is preferable (allows you to save more vitamin C - in general, 95% of vitamin C from its initial content is stored in dry raw materials).

In addition to the treatment of vitamin C beriberi, it is used for the following therapeutic purposes:

  1. As an expectorant for chronic bronchitis, dry cough (Napar go or decoction of the roots).
  2. For any colds (decoction of flowers suitable for rinsing and washing the nose), pneumonia, fever, tuberculosis, runny nose, rhinitis, bronchial asthma.
  3. As normalizing with systematic constipation.
  4. As a diuretic and in many kidney diseases.
  5. With headaches, migraines, dizziness.
  6. With rheumatism, rheumatoid polyarthritis, cardiovascular diseases, disorders of cerebral circulation (use tea from young corolla flowers, brew half a glass of flowers with a glass of boiling water).
  7. As a sedative for children, for insomnia and neurosis in adults.
  8. In dermatology for shingles, psoriasis, baldness (taken orally), it is also possible external use (in the form of baths), from boils and rashes (decoction inside, combined in half with nettle leaves).
  9. Applied in cosmetology: prepare rinsing and rubbing for hair, used to care for oily, flabby, inflamed skin, with freckles, dilated vessels, pigment spots. As a rinse with inflammation of the gums.
  1. Decoction of roots - the roots are crushed, for 1 tablespoon of such raw materials require a quarter of a liter of water.Raw materials are poured with water, boiled, insisted until cooling, filtered. As an expectorant use 4-5 times a day, one spoonful.
  2. Decoction of leaves: dry leaves (15 g) pour water (1 cup), boil for 15 minutes, allow to cool. You can pour boiling water on the leaves at once, wrap up with a warm towel, and let the medium stand for half an hour.
  3. Primrose Juice. The ground part of the plant is cut before flowering, crushed, placed in a glass jar in layers, sprinkling each layer with sugar. Put in a cool, dark place, insist until the selection of juice. Filter out the remaining raw material squeeze. Juice is a preventive and vitamin remedy (dosages: 1 tsp - for children, 1 tbsp - for adults, take half an hour before meals)

Dry extract is also made from the roots of the plant, which is then compressed into tablets (Primulen). On sale can be found and expectorant syrup of primrose roots (Herbion).

The best spring flowers for the garden

Spring flowers cause delight. They stand out brightly in the black-and-white landscape of a sleeping nature, striking the tenderness and fragility of their petals. To bloom so early, primroses accumulate all the necessary substances in the fall.

Snow cover and low temperatures cause them to hibernate. As it gets warmer and the snow begins to melt, the flowers wake up. In the garden it is necessary to equip the team of spring flower beds of primroses.

The brightness and variety of their colors are amazing.

Spring Flowers Delight

Snowdrop (galantus)

The first spring flower blooms at the end of winter or at the very beginning of spring. It is a beloved ornamental plant loved by many gardeners. His flower in the closed state resembles a droplet or an earring.

There are more than 20 types of snowdrops. Most of them do not have a pleasant smell. Snow white snowdrop is widespread in modern gardening. Its various varieties differ in size and shape of the flower.

Primroses look best in the garden in groups of 10-20 plants. Single flowers do not look so impressive. Immediately after a short flowering, snowdrops fade quickly, without leaving fading foliage and without compromising the decorative quality of the flower garden.

Galanthus are unpretentious and resistant to adverse weather conditions. They can quickly grow, filling the free space in the forest or on the site.

Snowdrops should be planted from mid-June to November, when the bulbs are at rest. For them, it is better to pick open areas. Snowdrops do not like heavy soils and excess moisture.

Gentle miniature proleski (they can be called Scylla), appearing in early spring, are known to many. There are about 90 species of this plant.

In the European part of Russia, the most common 2 types of woods are Siberian and two-leaved. They are often called blue snowdrops. Scilla growing so close to each other, that from afar resemble a blue carpet.

The earliest species are shown on the surface of the earth in late February - early March.

Numerous varieties of proleski are derived mainly from the Siberian Scylla. Varietal plants have different colors of flowers.

Scilla Mishchenko in spring blooms with white bells with a bluish tint and blue streak. Scilla Socialis is covered with small purple-green flowers.

In Peruvian Proleski, flowers resemble asterisks and are grouped in rounded brushes. They are painted in dark blue with a bluish tint.

The garden often grows Spanish spruce. It covers the area with a blue or purple carpet from April to May. Sometimes there is a pink and white color of flowers in the form of bells. The height of a flowering plant can reach 40-50 cm.

Scilla unpretentious. They are easily propagated by the bulbs and seeds. It is enough to land a group of primroses on a sunny plot once to enjoy their flowering for many years without much trouble.

Gorgeous crocuses

The incredible beauty of crocuses fascinates. There are about 80 types of these stunning colors. Their petals differ in shape and shades. There are monochromatic crocuses (snow-white, purple, lilac, lilac, blue and creamy-yellow) and two-color.

The plants reach a height of 8–15 cm. Gardeners successfully grow wild flowers and artificially grown varieties and hybrids on their plots. Flowers of some varieties can have both blue and yellow petals.

Early flowers are divided into botanical and large-flowered. Botanical plants appear immediately after snow melting from the end of February to the beginning of April, depending on the region and the weather.

They rarely grow above 10 cm and are distinguished by small buds. They are best planted in groups of several copies.

The most popular varieties of botanical species include: Blue pearl, Cream Beauty and Prins Claus.

Blue pearl's early spring flowers are white and blue, resembling pearls. They appear very early. At Cream Beauty flowers are painted in an unusual cream color. Their stigmas are orange. Prins Claus crocuses are considered the most beautiful representatives of the species. They have white petals with bright purple center.

Large-flowered crocuses bloom 7-10 days after botanical, around mid-April. The most famous varieties of Dutch crocuses were obtained by crossing large-flowered species. Most often, gardeners plant such varieties: Jeanna D`Ark, Pickwick, FlowerRecord.

Crocus Jeanna D`Ark is recognized as the best florist. There are subtle light lilac strokes on its snow-white petals, which become dark purple closer to the base. A large flower of the Pickwick variety has petals with unusual lavender veins. FlowerRecord variety will surprise with a rich purple shade of a massive flower. Ideal for the design of rock gardens.

The first spring flowers are best planted in sunny and well-warmed areas. In the shade, the buds may not open. Almost all types of crocuses do not like acidic soils. Planting and transplanting bulbs carried out from June to August. Store corms is necessary at a temperature of 17-20 ° C. Planted them in the winter.

Bright liverworm

In the European part of Russia, at the beginning of April, a noble liverwort with azure-bluish or pink flowers can be found. In the Far East, her cousin is growing up - an Asian liver. A squat perennial blooms from April to May with white, pink or purple flowers.

Gardeners often planted liverplant on their sites. Primroses appear before the snow melts. They bloom magnificently for 6 weeks and delight in the saturated color of the petals. After the end of flowering leaves grow. Therefore, instead of a bright carpet, a green lawn appears on the flowerbed.

There are about 10 types of liverworts, which gave rise to different varieties. Among them are exotic specimens. The Transylvanian liver cell has rounded leaves with forked tops. She has large flowers of blue or purple color. The Transylvanian liverwatch blooms from late March to May.

In Japan, they are actively engaged in breeding new grades of the liver. Japanese varieties are distinguished by a variety of forms of leaves and petals, as well as varying degrees of terry and many shades.

Since the liverpieces grow in the forest, it is better for them to choose a plot with moisture-rich soil in partial shade. Plants can be planted in spring or autumn. In order to create flower conditions close to natural, the soil must be mulched by fallen oak leaves, slivers, or spruce bark.

Beauty primrose

Primula is one of the most beloved primroses of gardeners. The origin of its second name (key) is associated with an ancient legend. The peoples of northern Europe believed that the keys with which the goddess Freya opens the spring have the shape of primrose flowers.

The plant range covers Europe, Asia Minor, the Urals, the Caucasus and Iran. More than 500 primrose species are known. Primula loves wet and sunny places. It grows in meadows near streams, rivers and lakes. But in the backyard it is better for her to find a place in the shade of fruit trees and shrubs. Primula loves well-drained, loose and moisture-absorbing soils.

Primula high is characterized by unpretentiousness and resistance to bad weather conditions. It blooms in April and blooms for 1.5 months. On the peduncle, reaching a height of 30 cm, there are light yellow flowers with a diameter of 1.5-2 cm.

From high primrose derived many varieties and hybrids. Primrose flowers of Alba variety will surprise with snow-white color and yellow throat. At primrose Kolossea petals crimson with a yellow throat. Dark blue and yellow pharynx characterize the flowers of the variety Cerulea.

Primula finely toothed has a spherical inflorescence. It rises on a long thick peduncle, reaching a height of 70 cm. Even a young rosette of leaves with newly appeared buds looks elegant. Primula fine-toothed blooms in April and pleases with flowering 30-45 days.

Seeds of plants are planted in boxes immediately after harvest. Planted seedlings in open ground in spring or autumn for the second year of life.

Fragrant May Lily of the Valley

Delicate white bells look touching and delight delicate aroma. The plant is widespread in the wild. Its range covers almost all of Europe. Lily of the valley is found in the Far East and North America. It blooms in May.

Many gardeners willingly plant a wild plant in their backyard area, digging it in the forest. However, there are interesting decorative varieties of lily of the valley.

Albostriata variety is unusual because of the thin light longitudinal stripes on the foliage. White flowers do not differ much from wild ones. The Flore Plena plant has ordinary leaves and terry bells. From a distance, the blooming lily of the valley Flore Plena is reminiscent of foam. Rosea flowers have a light purple-pink hue.

Watch the video: Top 5 Most Beautiful Lilacs. (November 2019).

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