Plants and stones are perfectly combined with each other, so it is worth to highlight in your garden a small corner for rock garden. Some plants for alpine slides, photos and their names, you will see in this article. Our selection will help you to make a slide original and bright, it will be the best decoration of the entire site.
Making slides with their own hands (photo and scheme)
The first step is to mark the contours of the future rock garden, remove weeds and sod. After that, inside these contours you need to create a small excavation in the ground and form the entire volume of the future rock garden. To do this, they use not only large stones, but also rubble, construction waste, and gravel. First, the largest stones are laid, then small ones, covered with sand and soil.
When the soil layer settles, you need to fill up all the grooves with the same soil, then further expand the 20 cm layer of earth, your plants will grow on it. After that, all the remaining ornamental stones are laid.
The finished slide is watered, the whole structure costs two to three weeks, more is possible, all this time it is necessary to actively weed. After that, plants are selected for an alpine slide, they look at a photo, write out the names of the varieties they like and purchase them in specialized stores. All plants are planted in spring or early autumn, usually September. Planting time depends on what time you manage to prepare the basis for rock garden.
Criteria for selecting plants for alpine slides
Ornamental plants for the slides are selected according to certain rules, they are not complicated, you can master this simple science yourself. Above you see the photo - design alpine slides with their own hands. The traditional classical approach provides for the presence of perennial plants on the hill, which grow wild in highland areas. These are low-growing specimens, which have a small and compact bush, undemanding to the soil and the presence of moisture. As a rule, these types of hardy, they are resistant to wind gusts. Examples include plants such as dryad, stylus phlox, and thyme (both creeping and common, as well as Alpine pendants. Some flowers for an alpine slide can also be seen later in the article.
Almost always on the hills there are short stalks, sometimes deciduous low shrubs, among which it is better to choose slowly growing varieties. Among the hardwood on the alpine hills look good:
- undersized variety of barberry, the fruits of which and colorful bright leaves adorn the hill until late autumn,
- Japanese undersized quince,
- Some varieties of cotoneaster.
Together with decorative stones, they form the basis of the entire composition. However, recently on the alpine hill you can meet annuals, which have a long flowering period, steppe grass and bulbous. The last very enliven slides in the spring and delight flower growers. It can be crocuses, snowdrops and lilies of the valley, decorative onions and narcissus, undersized varieties of tulips and cyclamen.
Most popular flowers for alpine slides
We offer you some of the names and photos of popular plants for the alpine slide (flowers - perennials).
Iberis looks very good at the top of the hill, there are varieties that do not grow more than 10 centimeters in height. The plant blooms profusely with white clumps in late spring or early summer.
How to choose plants for alpine slides
The best choice for an alpine slide will be short stunted and annual plants, whose homeland is the highlands.
They are undemanding to the quality of the soil, resistant to lack of moisture, wind and frost.
For alpine slides fit these plants:
- dwarf conifers,
- Molodovolovnogo prolomnik with pink flowers,
- silky silsie with white flowers,
- Spoony bellflower with miniature white flowers like lilies of the valley,
- Houstonia with bright blue flowers, asterisks,
- globularia, a miniature flower, like cornflowers,
- pink Alpine carnation,
- creeping blue adriatus
- twisted desoperma, with bright yellow flowers,
- round-leaved wingman,
- koch gentian with flowers-potfonchikami
- small-scale bloom, blooming with small white daisies,
- Alpine groats,
- edelweiss snow,
- bell Shamiso,
- Alpine Mertens
- Levisia cotyledon, delicate flowers of cream, bright pink, white,
- primrose is mountain,
- the cleric Carnea,
- Horispo Brunge,
- bell Carpathian.
When choosing plants, you should consider where the rock garden is located - in the shade or in the sun. For a shaded area, shade-tolerant crops will do; sun-loving plants are planted in a well-lit area.
In addition to similar requirements for growing conditions, flowers for the alpine slide should be combined in color and height. The growth rate of the residents of the rock garden should be slowed down, otherwise it will soon become like a normal flower bed.
Annual plants for rock garden
Annuals can be planted every year in a new place, changing the design of rock garden. They decorate the hill with its bright flowering, bringing variety and filling the air with scent.
- Ageratum - flowers that look like small chrysanthemums of various colors, bloom very magnificently from mid-June to frost. Heat-loving plant, therefore, grown as an annual.
- Astra is an unpretentious flower. For alpine hills suitable for stunted varieties. Easily propagated by self-sowing, therefore, faded inflorescences need to be cut.
- Bartonia is an annual with yellow flowers with a diameter of about 5 cm. It blooms from mid-summer to September. Flowers have a pleasant aroma, when the weather is cloudy, they close, light-requiring.
- Blooming delosperma - ground cover with pinkish-purple flowers, asterisks. A heat-loving plant that grows well in the sun, loves frequent watering.
- Chinese carnation - perennial flowers that are grown as annuals in central Russia. There are varieties with different color inflorescences.
Long-flowering beautiful annuals also include: snapdragon, purslane, Nolan, brahikomu, dimorpotek, marigolds.
What to plant on an alpine hill of perennial plants
On sale you can find perennial flowers for rock gardens, most often they will have to grow from seed. Unique varieties and various hybrids are in the collections of breeders. Initially, the poor vegetation of the Alps has changed thanks to the efforts of flower growers beyond recognition.
- Azorella three-stem - ground-cover plant with glossy bright green leaves that resemble spruce. In summer it blooms with yellow spherical inflorescences, forms a solid dense carpet, flows around rock garden stones and repeats all the unevenness of the soil.
- Aquilegia is a beautiful flower of various colors, the corolla of which consists of two rows of petals. Shade-tolerant and unpretentious plant. For rock gardens choose stunted varieties, they are perfectly combined with other flowers in the flower bed.
- Badan - grows well in rocky alpinaria, it has leaves with an original ornament and pink flowers. Maintains shady places without losing the shape and decoration.
- Galantus - primroses. Another name is snowdrops, in nature these flowers are listed in the Red Book, the only chance to admire, to plant in their rock garden.
- Globularia dwarf. It blooms in late spring or early summer with blue spherical flowers. Requires calcium rich soil with good drainage.
They are also popular: rocky alissum, obriet, jask felt, phloxes, styloid bryozoans, medunits, stonecrop, young, rezuha, yucca filamentous, tulips, crocuses, hyacinths.
The layout of stones and plants
The shape of the alpine slide can be different. Placement of stones and plants on it will depend on the chosen project.
The basis of the high alpine slide is the number of floors. The height of the upper tier make no more than 50 cm from the surface of the soil. If the hill is higher, in winter perennial plants may freeze.
Stages of the device:
- Pour a large amount of sand with gravel. If the soil is soft, gravel add more. High sand base is made in the form of a trapezoid.
- Place stones, accents, the largest and heaviest. They should look natural, as if they always lay in the place where they were laid.
- Then place the remaining, smaller stones. They must be matched in color, and be identical in structure.
- After the upper tier of the alpine slide, the lower one is laid, making a pair of large stones with composition accents.
- When the flower bed is geometrically correctly built, choose some sand from each tier, and add fertile soil.
- Planted plants.
It is undesirable to fertilize plants growing on an alpine hill - they grow strongly and lose their dwarf appearance.
In order to improve the fertility of the soil, planting make humus. Under taproot plants, such as Levisa, make good drainage because they are prone to soaking.
The most popular variants of the rock garden device:
- running slope:
- mountain valley
- stone wall
- Mountain Creek,
- mountain pond
- Japanese garden.
Landscape design provides various options for creating rock gardens. It can be a rocky flower bed, resembling a real mountain landscape or a design solution in the form of regular geometric shapes.
Rock garden in landscape design: design options
For the construction of rock gardens in the form of rocks create a cool structure, consisting mainly of boulders. At the bottom there are the largest stones, then medium in size and at the top - the smallest. For such rock gardens fit ferns, Fatty, bells, junipers and dwarf conifers.
Mountain slopes are constructed mainly from small stones. Large boulders are used as accents and limiters of the structure. Plant on an alpine hill can be dwarf trees and shrubs with a well-developed root system to strengthen the soil. Creeping ground cover plants are also used.
Rock garden in the form of a mountain valley made in the form of a flat design using stones of various sizes and shapes. They are placed in a creative mess, but so that the stones are combined in color, and look natural. As plants use mountain herbs, stunted branches, bright and beautiful flowers. Ground cover comes as a backdrop.
The famous mountain flower, sung in literature in wild form, grows on depleted rock soils. Such a plant on an alpine hill is the pride of a grower, especially since he is listed in the Red Book. However, it is quite possible to grow this flower independently from ordinary seeds, and then propagate in the usual way (seedlings).
Edelweiss is sun-loving and does not tolerate shading, as in the wild, these plants grow on the tops of mountains. For the best growth of an exotic flower, you need to make a special depleted soil mixture with fine-grained sand and small pebbles.
So, choosing flowers for perennial alpine slides, you can not ignore this beautiful specimen, which, moreover, can grow in one place up to 20 years.
Rejuvenated (stone rose)
This plant is similar to rosettes, which consist of fleshy thick leaves of various sizes and shapes. Different varieties differ in their colors.
Types and varieties of young among perennial flowers for alpine slides are many, sockets are burgundy and silver-green, you can choose several different instances at once.
Unpretentious plant can adapt itself to any conditions of life and take the most inconvenient place, including the gap between the stones, which is ideal for an alpine slide.
This plant is not afraid of either cold or drought, but does not like waterlogging. Small bushes, can immediately release ten peduncles, which have spherical inflorescences. Armeria is still good because it blooms for a very long time, practically all summer, but we must not forget to remove old inflorescences, otherwise it will wither.
Perennial carnations are very good on the alpine hill, by the way in the wild they grow well in the mountains. Probably, therefore, the carnations of all the perennial flowers for the Alpine hills - the most popular.
There are many suitable varieties, for example, grass, carnation short stem, gray, and grayish-blue, which you go to the photo above.
Carnations bloom throughout the summer season with bright flowers, to which they exude a pleasant spicy aroma.
Ephedra - the basis of the alpine slide
First of all I want to highlight the most spectacular plants, for example, there is a dwarf variety of Norwegian fir, it grows even in pots, and this is a real gem on an alpine slide. The weeping fir is also remarkably beautiful, it is dark green with a yellow tinge, and the long branches bow down to the ground.
When creating an alpine slide, they often make a mistake: they just use pruned trees of traditional tall conifers. If you carefully consider the photo on the design of an alpine slide with your own hands, then you will notice that there are only varieties of dwarf plants. All plants that must be large in the wild will try to become them.
Here are some species and varieties of dwarf conifers:
- Nevaqi - Japanese pine, which belongs to real bonsai, of course, dwarf. One of the varieties - in the photo above. If it is cut, it will take any shape.
- Pine Nana, very fluffy dark green.
- Panderoza pine, also very fluffy with huge needles, grows even without shelter, although it comes from warm places.
- Velda is a creeping species of pine, shoots grow only horizontally. It should be trimmed, otherwise it will take three meters in a circle.
One can not forget about the creeping varieties of junipers, they are indispensable on the alpine hills.
So, if you want to create a truly spectacular slide, then look at the photos of flowers for the Alpine slide, remember the names of the plants that you liked and go ahead, for the cause! You can create an alpine slide with your own hands without serious financial or temporary spending, and it will not take up much space. The very process of creating it is very interesting, and the result exceeds all the wildest expectations.
Plants and flowers for alpine slides
Today, the garden on the rocks, which is striking not only for its beauty, but also a large variety of flowers and plants, has become a common element of landscape design.
Such popularity is due not only to the unusual and very beautiful appearance, but also a rather unassuming care.
Plants for the alpine hills, visually revive the stone surface, while maintaining the effect of the wild nature of the mountains.
Basic rules for the selection of plants
Create your own alpine slide, which can become a highlight, a stylish element of your backyard is quite simple. To do this, you should choose only those plants that meet the following criteria:
- for arranging an alpine slide, it is better to choose small-sized, low-growing plant species that will look harmoniously against a background of stones,
- the selection of plants should be carried out only if they are resistant to the characteristics of the soil and the climate of the area in which the alpine slide will be located,
- choosing a place for planting a flower or shrub, be sure to consider the required amount of sunlight, which allows the plant to develop well. So for the light-loving flowers will suit the territory that is completely open to the sun, and for the shade-loving you should look for places darkened by trees,
- If you want to create a single harmonious composition, select plants that are the same in growth intensity. Taking into account such a feature, an unpleasant situation can be avoided when very fast-growing flowers and shrubs do not allow less active plant species to break through and grow,
- creating an alpine slide, it is important to stick to the combination of plants with each other. They should be similar not only externally, but also to coincide in terms of growing conditions, watering, flowering rhythm.
Types of plants for the alpine slide
There are a lot of flowers and shrubs suitable for arranging an alpine slide in the existing landscape design, but the most suitable types for this purpose should be highlighted. As a rule, it is undemanding, beautiful and abundantly flowering plants that can create a unique charm inherent in the alpine slide.
Experts advise first of all to pay attention to the following types of plants.
Annual plant with a bright, attractive color and good resistance to low temperatures and a long absence of moisture. The height of an adult plant reaches 25cm.
In order for a brachicom to settle down and develop well, choose a sunny area with soft soil for it. It is better to plant it in early spring, sowing seeds directly into the ground.
The first flowering of brachicomes begins at the beginning of summer, and delight with its beauty until August.
Wanting to prolong flowering until late autumn, the plant should be planted a little later, at the end of May. Do not forget about the good watering of young bushes. With the growth of a plant, the amount of moisture should be significantly reduced, watering brahikomu only on very hot, dry days.
This flower grows in South Africa. Therefore, it is very important for him to have a large amount of bright sun. Nevertheless, it is worth noting the good tolerance of low temperatures. The adult plant reaches a height of 35 cm. The dimorfote is blooming with large beautiful flowers of yellow or orange color, which allows it to be very noticeable on the general background of the alpine slide.
Ready seedlings must be planted in open ground in late spring. The first shoots can already be observed in seven days, but the active flowering will begin no earlier than two months. Depending on the surrounding climate, the shrub may delight with flowers until the end of summer.
The finest dog
This is the representative of the Mexican flora. It tolerates harsh winters. In the wild, the feather grass begins to bloom only in the third year, but the cultivated plant, planted on an alpine slide, pleases with flowers in the first year of planting.
Blooms feather grass, as a rule, all summer. This type of plant grows best and develops in acidic soils, in a sunny area with good drainage system.
It is possible to plant flowers for an alpine slide called a feather grass by dividing an already adult plant or sowing with seeds.
Attention! Choosing a feather grass for an alpine slide, remember that it is a rather large plant, reaching a height of half a meter, and 30 cm in diameter of the trunk.
Adding an article to a new collection
Shade (and not hide) the beauty of stones and not all the inhabitants of your garden can survive in the difficult conditions of rockeries. Here are 15 plants that will surely be comfortable on a rocky hill and which will delight you for years.
Remember that rock arias is a rather complicated composition, and you shouldn’t plant everything there. Not all flowers, herbs and shrubs can live in such conditions, and it will be labor-intensive to replant them, sorting out mulch and stones.Therefore, plan your planting in advance, select species and varieties, and only after that proceed to the formation of an alpine slide.
Arabis and Obriet
Are you dreaming of a solid flower carpet, from which peaks of boulders in some places come out? Then arabis and its smaller copy of obriet are your choice. White, pink, purple, blue and lilac flowers grow very quickly, and bloom from mid-spring to early summer. By the way, in the fall, Obriet may bloom again if it receives enough moisture and light.
You can grow these flowers through seedlings, or sowing directly into the ground, they will bloom anyway in the second year. From care, they need mulching, periodically (twice a season), application of complex mineral fertilizers and watering in case of a long drought.
Gentian is the recognized pride of any rock garden, prefers well-drained soil and does not tolerate stagnant moisture. Otherwise, the requirements of this plant depend on the species. Thus, the Chinese decorated gentian prefers acidic soils, the genus Delecluze - calcareous, the American and Tien-Shan gentian grows well in wet areas, and the yellow-flowered gentian is mottled only in dry places. Most gentians are blue, but they grow varieties with yellow and lilac flowers.
Flower can be propagated by seed, cutting, dividing the bush. It can bloom from spring to the cold, depending on the species. The only thing the gentian needs in terms of care is the introduction of drainage for planting and mulching. But fertilizer is better to make no more than once a year, and even then half the norm.
Not a stony garden or slope can do without saxifrage, because even its name suggests that the purpose of the flower is exactly that. It is easy to grow it, and even a beginner can care for it. Kamnelomk can be propagated both by seeds and by dividing a bush - it survives well in both cases. Among the modern hybrids, we can distinguish the stone-saws of Arends, shadow, stiff-leaved, paniculate. Their peduncles reach 20–25 cm in height, and their color can be both traditionally white and pink, crimson, purple, etc.
Most kamnelomok prefer the sun and partial shade, poor soil, no stagnant moisture. However, before you buy the variety you like, familiarize yourself with its needs, they may differ significantly from the standard ones.
Charming in its artlessness, the Carpathian bell is perfect for flower growers who are rarely in the country, can not constantly care for the plantings and want to admire the flowering for a long time. It perfectly transfers both the sun, and a shade, is capable to do for a long time without watering and does not need top dressing.
Another plus of the bell is that it multiplies by self-sowing and grows easily and blooms even in the most unexpected places, for example, in small pits of stones. The height of its bushes reach 25-30 cm, the diameter of the flower - up to 5 cm, and its color varies from white to blue.
In our gardens, most often there is a pink basil, resembling a huge lily of the valley, but you can grow a whorled cupen, and a narrow-leaved cupola with straight stems and flowers in their sinuses.
All baths grow well in partial shade, prefer loose forest land, need a layer of drainage. Kupen are propagated with rhizome segments with a renewal bud or division of a bush. Under good conditions, they can grow, and in a few years they will need to be seated. Kupena likes watering, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture, but is indifferent to top dressing.
Do not confuse the shrubs with the same name (and related) herbaceous perennial. Low multicolored paw prints are literally created for stony hills of different sizes. Their height varies from 10 to 40 cm, and colors can be white, yellow, pink, orange, blood-red, etc.
Potentilla can be propagated as seeds (sowing in spring and flowering in the second year), and vegetatively (in spring or autumn). It grows well on any soil, preferring moderate moisture and sunny areas. Remember that in some species of silverweed creeping rooting stems, therefore, from decorating a flower bed, a plant can quickly turn into its problem.
Born in the mountains of the Mediterranean, succulent looks great in small rockeries or pottery compositions. The most popular can be considered young Caucasian, roofing, cobweb, scatter and spherical.
A young bird easily hybridizes, so if you want to get exactly the same plant, it is advisable to propagate it by dividing the bush.
They plant a young spring, it blooms the same year, and after 2-3 years it forms a dense carpet. It prefers sunny areas, scanty sandy soils with a high content of lime. Watering young in the absence of a long drought is not recommended, and fertilizing can be made no more than once a season and only mineral.
Ash-gray, gray-gray, amethyst or sheep fescue can be an excellent addition to any cluster of stones, and even more so to properly decorated rockeries. In nature, these perennial rhizomes of cereals grow in a variety of conditions, so it adapts well in a flower garden.
Sow the fescue before winter or divide the bush in spring or autumn. It grows pretty soon, so you definitely will not go broke on the amount of planting material. Fescue prefers well-drained sunny areas with any type of soil, gratefully responds to mineral fertilizers and mulching.
Bright and unpretentious stonecrop can be found on any rocky hill. This is not surprising, because they are undemanding to soil and moisture, grow equally well in the shade and in the sun, can reach half a meter in diameter and grow in the form of a bush or herbaceous plants.
White, blue, red and yellow flowers of the stonecrop can be single or umbrella. Sedum is usually planted in spring or autumn, propagating it by dividing the shrub or using the "aerial roots" that appear on young shoots. With a lack of sunlight, their stems are strongly drawn out, and to preserve the decorativeness of the stonecrop, it is better to cut off the faded parts. Water them only in drought, but you need to weed regularly. Unlike many of their neighbors in rockaria, stonecrops love organic fertilizers, including manure.
Neat primrose sockets, one of the first to get out of the ground, will decorate any rockeries. The abundance of shades and varieties allows you to choose the best option for each garden, and the ease of care makes the primula a welcome guest in the flower beds of novice gardeners.
Small spring and auricular primroses can be planted in the fossa between the roots, once every several years sharing the bushes. They will grow equally well in the shade and in the sun, calmly endure a long lack of moisture, and are indifferent to top dressing, since they are accustomed to growing in nature in fairly harsh conditions.
This herbaceous perennial in its natural environment is found in steppes and dry meadows, therefore it prefers planting on sunny, slightly humid areas. Different varieties of it reach a height of 25-35 cm, and flowers can be white, pink, red, purple and violet.
The taproot of the sleep-herb is easily damaged, so she does not like transplants and divisions. Fluffy flowers decorate a flower bed in spring, and carved leaves are good until autumn, and by the cold they change color to red-orange. The chamber is propagated by seeds, and plants bloom in the second year. At one place they can grow up to 20 years.
Speaking of grouse, most gardeners imagine tall plants with thick stems and red flowers that do not fit into the landscape of the rocky hills.However, medium-sized and multi-colored hazel grouse Kamchatka, Russian, chess and pale-flowered are perfect for this purpose.
Their height reaches 30-40 cm, they bloom for the 2-3rd year after planting, they actively grow, therefore, the grouse should be divided once every 4-5 years. Best of all, these flowers develop on the sunny side of a rocky hill; they are moisture-loving and do not need shelter for the winter.
Another spring flower, capable for some time to turn your rocky hill into a real colorful masterpiece, is low-growing phloxes. To suitable for rockeries include styloid, spread, forked and dwarf species. True, there is a nuance, the plants are afraid of the scorching sun, so they should be planted either on the north side of the rocky hill, or in the shade.
Phloxes are unpretentious, do not need any frequent watering, or feeding, or winter shelter. They do not like organic fertilizers and actively crawl away, quickly occupying all the allotted space. It is desirable to replant and divide them at the end of summer or the beginning of autumn.
Low (up to 20 cm) flower stalks with white inflorescences-baskets, although they are considered a symbol of loyalty, cannot boast anything but legend. But the silver-ash leaves of edelweiss will decorate a rocky hill and will look very gently both against the background of large boulders, and in a complex with rounded pebbles.
Best of all, the edelweiss feels at the top of the hill, in the sun, and the soil he needs is poor, mixed with coarse sand and stones. Against the backdrop of bright perennials, it is lost, so do not try not to combine it with anything, but grow away from other flowers, or combine with herbs. Usually, edelweiss is propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn, and it blooms from June to August.
Ephedra is the only shrub in our current collection, but the shrub is truly non-standard. Its lush textured crown consists of individual elongated branches of green, brown or silver, and the color of ephedra depends not only on the species, but also on the soil, lighting and other changeable conditions. Although it belongs to the conifer, visually the plant is most reminiscent of overgrown horsetail. After a nondescript yellowish flowering on ephedra, bright red fruits-cones are formed, which look like a necklace.
All ephedra are accustomed to a dry climate, poor rocky soil, are not afraid of the winds, but love the sun very much. Soil for ephedra must be laid on a layer of drainage and certainly lime. Over the summer, ephedra needs to be watered no more than 3 times, but it is necessary to loosen the soil and maintain its composition all the time. The plant overwinters without shelter, as it is more afraid of damping than frost.
By the way, not only the traditional alpine slide can be an ornament to your site. You can experiment with stones perfectly, creating the most incredible compositions.
The approach to the design of each individual garden or suburban area is a matter of individual. To facilitate the work of land owners, designers have developed a number of standard solutions for building rock garden. Traditionally, under these or other typical solutions, the planting scheme and its composition have already been thought out.
One of the options for formatting
Of course, this does not mean that you only need to adhere to any chosen option with an accuracy of one centimeter, and select only the indicated plants. At any time, the standard solution can be revised and necessary changes can be made.
One of the simplest and simplest options.. It is widespread, because taking care of it is simple and not burdensome. In this case, its construction requires certain skills and the presence of at least the basics of the art of the architect. It is a relatively steep structure, mainly consisting of boulders.
Their size varies depending on the height of the building. The higher the level, the smaller their size.. The largest and massive boulders are located at the very bottom, the middle ones are medium-sized, and in the region of the summit the smallest. Currently, the so-called "Czech rock" is widespread - an alpine slide with many cracks in the stones.
An example of the implementation of "Rocks"
The rock can often be decorated with various additional elements of the natural landscape, for example, small ponds.. The use of artificial elements (statuettes, castings, granite, etc.) is undesirable.
In these rock gardens most often used mountain plants. These are ferns, bells, bollards, etc. Of the larger plant forms, dwarf conifers (pines, thujas) or junipers are often used.
The design has a constant bias in any direction. Such a slope is usually completely covered with small stones. Large and medium stones can be used as separate elements or a bounding structure, however, most often, they are located in the uppermost part of the slope.
Rock garden type "mountain slope" or "scree"
It is considered a rather complicated structure, because the vegetation (in particular, trees) is not just a decorative decoration of the hill, but also part of its structure. The role of trees is reduced to support with the help of the root system of the scree structure and preventing it from spreading under its own weight and from the effect of weather factors.
From the point of view of aesthetics is the alpine highlands. Most often in this design there are dwarf conifers (pines, spruces, junipers), their root system is perfectly suited for these tasks. It is best to have an alpine slide on an already existing natural slope, although it is possible to create a similar construction artificially.
In addition to the dwarf conifers and shrubs, in such rock gardens, creeping or cover plants are used. You can use single planting of both small and large mountain plants - from crocuses to barberry.
At the same time, such constructions do not use too pronounced vertical accents. - no tall trees and columnar and pyramidal plants.
Selection of the best plants for the alpine slide
The defining feature of this type of flower bed is not only in the presence of large stones and the reconstruction of the mountain composition, but also in the fact that it consists of mixed types of green space and is created for a long period. And if, in the case of a not entirely successful choice, of any kind of flowering perennials, it can be replaced without any special problems, then the selection of tree, coniferous and shrub species must be approached with particular thought and balance. Search for ready-made solutions on the Internet is ineffective, despite the abundance of colorful photos of attractive alpine slides. When creating an artistic composition, it is important to take into account a number of factors that are characteristic only for your flower garden - the climatic conditions of the area, the light, the size and location of the stones, the number of tiers, etc.
But there are general recommendations that are desirable to follow when choosing plants for an alpine slide:
- sizes of selected species. The size of the rock garden and green spaces should proportionally harmonize with each other, pay attention to the compact and stunted species,
- quantity and color range. You should not get involved in the number of planted species and the variety of colors, try to preserve the natural naturalness and attractiveness. In order to avoid excessive variegation, carefully experiment with the combination of colors,
- need for care. Considering certain inconveniences of servicing a flower bed (height, hard-to-reach places), it is advisable to choose types of greenery, which are characterized by undemanding care,
- compliance with climatic conditions. It is recommended to choose from those flowers that are most adapted to the given conditions of the area,
- flowering period.The difference between the periods of beginning and end of flowering will ensure your flower garden attractiveness and originality throughout the season,
- livable. Planted in the immediate vicinity of the group of different plants should not overwhelm each other, and fully grow and develop,
- landing tiering. The most attractive look flower beds, equipped in three tiers. Plants are selected for the topmost sun-loving and not requiring frequent watering, perennials and bulbous trees are suitable for the lower tiers, which need regular watering, but are not so demanding of lighting,
- soil reinforcement. In order to prevent the erosion of the slopes, plants are planted on them, covering the soil, with a highly developed root system.
Plants for the alpine slide perennial
The fundamental selection criteria are short stature, compactness, lack of care and a long flowering period. Let us consider in more detail the types of perennials that have the necessary qualities, depending on the tier of landing. On the highest plane, it is desirable to arrange low and unpretentious plants that bloom from June to late autumn. It must be borne in mind that the soil dries faster in high areas, so the flowers must be quite drought-resistant.
The most common plants for alpine slides are perennial:
A representative of the mountainous areas of Southern Europe prefers a well-lit place, rocky and sandy soil. In the rock gardens often distributed Crimean, evergreen, Gibraltar and rocky iberis species. It is a short-growing (15-30 cm) shrub with pink or white (depending on the species) buds. The flowering period begins in spring, looks particularly impressive in group plantings,
It refers to perennial herbs and shrubs, with linear or linear-lanceolate leaves and single delicate flowers of various color. Ornamental species are distinguished by unpretentiousness to the quality of the soil (except acidic) and the frequency of watering; they prefer good illumination. It is recommended to land in the upper tiers,
Better known as thyme, pink or purple inflorescences which have a pleasant spicy aroma. Creeping thyme can decorate the upper tier (height up to 15 cm), while common thyme (height up to 40 cm) is better placed in the middle part of the rock garden. Both species are quite unpretentious and do not need additional feeding. More often propagated by dividing the adult bush into separate parts, less often cuttings and seeds
In the natural environment is common in mountainous and rocky areas. The plant has won the love of domestic flower growers thanks to a special decorative appeal and ability to grow in almost any conditions. The common name "stone rose" is fully consistent with the ability of the plant to successfully develop on the rocky surface of an alpine slide. Ideal for planting on the middle and lower tiers, does not require care,
Plants for the alpine slide with a long flowering period
Picking up alpine plants blooming all summer long, you ensure the attractiveness of the flower garden throughout the season. An abundance of representatives of ornamental species of perennials and annuals of various heights, can successfully solve this problem. To create a flowering background, ground cover green spaces are used. We present a list of flowering plants with the longest flowering period:
Low-growing plant from the family of cloves. In domestic flower growers better known as "gerbil". Low stems (10-15 cm) growing, form a solid green carpet. More often planted gerbil-flowered gerbil, crimson and mountain gerbils. All species are characterized by abundant and prolonged flowering. Preferably well-drained soil with added sand,
Lovers most often planted Rhodiola Rose - a perennial, bushy, unpretentious plant up to 40 cm high, with a well-developed root system. Small yellow flowers form a corymbose inflorescence, flowering period is June-July. In addition to its attractive appearance, it is valued for its healing properties,
Depending on the species, there are annual varieties and perennial. In the flower beds often planted stunted annuals, flowering before the start of the first frost. They are characterized by a general lack of care in their care, they develop well in open areas and in partial shade. You can land both in small groups, and in composition with other representatives of the flower garden,
Balkan geranium planted around the perimeter of stones, expanding, forms continuous low thickets, emphasizing favorably the originality of the rock garden. Red or purple flowers appear in June and usually last a month. Prefers well-lit areas, can grow in partial shade, but in this case the flowering period is shortened,
Herbaceous low perennial, in rock garden lovers are more likely to plant alpine or turfy army. When creating favorable conditions, separately planted bushes of the army form a continuous blooming cushion up to 15 cm high. The flowering period stretches to two months,
Quite high (80-100 cm) herb, distinguished by unpretentiousness, decorative qualities and a long (up to 2 months) flowering period. Planted at the foot of the stones in small groups. Well adapted to frosty winters and undemanding to care. Due to its healing properties, echinacea flowers are widely used in traditional and traditional medicine.
Coniferous and shrub plants for rock garden
Coniferous plants for alpine slides, as well as shrub species, are mandatory, but not the main element of the flower garden. They play the role of peculiar scenery, creating signs of the naturalness of the mountain landscape, so there should not be many of them (maximum 2-3 species). The main qualities that you need to pay attention to when choosing are the short stature, unpretentiousness and compliance of the plant's appearance with the overall design of the composition.
As a rule, when creating alpine slides planted:
- juniper. In natural conditions, it prefers well-lit mountain plains. When selecting, give preference to low-growing, dwarf types of juniper: Golden Carpet, Blue Carpet, Blue Chip. Low evergreen plantations are particularly decorative and attractive throughout the year, undemanding to the composition of the soil and do not need special care,
- decorative spruce. Pay attention to the undersized (height of an adult tree to 1 m, diameter 1.5 m) Sizuyu (Canadian) "Ekhiniformis" spherical spruce. Differs decorative and very slow growth,
- mountain pine. In the rock garden more often you can meet mountain pine pumilio - compact dwarf shrub of elfin form. The composition of the soil is not demanding, but requires good drainage,
- cotoneaster horizontal. Not thorny shrub, often planted at the foot of the stones or to form slopes. Distinctive characteristics - unpretentiousness, frost resistance, ease of care,
- willow boyd. It is a slow-growing small tree with a curved trunk and small rounded leaves. Particularly attractive looks in a composition with blooming ground cover or creeping coniferous species,
- barberry boxwood (evergreen) Nana. The height of an evergreen dwarf shrub is up to 50 cm, the diameter of a dense rounded crown is up to 80 cm. It is planted as a supplement to the formed groups or as an accent plant over the creeping juniper. Good for forming pruning, drought-resistant and frost-resistant.
The publication presents the most common when creating alpine slides species and varieties of greenery, but you can always add to this list with something your own, individual. We hope that the material will be useful in creating the original decorative composition of stones, shrubs, conifers and flowering plants.
Rock Garden: Basic Creation Rules
The Alpine hill (rock garden) - fashionable decoration of a garden, the seasonal dacha. As a rule, perennial plants of various shades with different flowering periods are selected for the rock garden, because its main task is to give beauty and delight gardeners from early spring to late autumn.
Alpine plants should be selected according to the natural habitat: some flowers feel great on the stone surface, while others can give a lush flowering only in well-moisturized humus-rich soil.
Tip: rock garden - a mountain in miniature with a smooth transition from the rocky summit to the more fertile areas below. It is important to maintain his style, the height of different tiers, recreating the natural conditions for mountain flowers and plants, otherwise it may turn out just a flower garden with stones.
When creating a rock garden, it is recommended to follow these tips:
- it is necessary to clearly understand the type of alpine slide (number of tiers), placement of stones,
- you need to choose the type of stones and their location,
- You should choose flowers for the alpine slide, taking into account the period of their flowering, growth conditions, tint gamma.
Such rock gardens are used to create landscape objects with natural stones.imitating the valley in the highlands. Their design is a horizontal, often almost flat surface with the use of boulders of various sizes and shapes. They can be as part of some structures, and randomly distributed over the area of rock garden.
An example of the implementation of a mountain valley
A distinctive feature of this rock garden implementation is the use of boulders of one type, and best of all from one batch to create the effect of maximum naturalness. Vegetation for such a rock garden can use tree-shrub groups with different heights.
Variant of mountain valley design
The use of relatively tall plants on such slides is not welcome, but it is quite acceptable.. Most often they are used around the perimeter as a hedge, but can be used as single plants.
In such cases, the most common grasses of the highlands are most often used.. Such constructions are preferred in the organization of continuously flowering zones. Plants are selected according to the timing of flowering and planted so that beautiful and bright flowers are constantly present in the "mountain valley". Moreover, this can be done throughout the warm season (from early-flowering crocuses to late-flowering September pebbles).
The common background of such slides are often either low-growing ground cover or creeping plants.or stones covered with mosses.
Other forms of rock gardens
The considered constructions represent, as it were, the basis for the construction of alpine slides. The rest of the designs in one form or another are their variations.
- Terraces - a gentle slope is usually used with a clearer breakdown by levels or steps.
- Ravines - analogues of talus or rocks, but decorated in the vertical direction not up, but down. The narrow version of the ravine is called the gorge.
- Stone wall - rock garden, practically representing a vertical flower bed, made of stone.
- Mountain Creek - rock garden of any of the considered types, decorated with the use of a directional flow of water flowing in a special channel. Often at the foot of the hill a stream flows into an improvised pond.
- Bolotze - Alpine slide with a waterlogged soil and plants corresponding to such soil. Option - the location of the pond in the center of the rock garden, but at the same time the pond is planted with marsh plants, and around the perimeter is surrounded by mountain stones, the rest of the vegetation corresponds to the mountain landscape.
- Japanese garden - An attempt to combine rock garden and Japanese rock garden. Minimalism in the choice of plants and the repetition of Japanese stone aesthetics.
- Miniature slides - A complete composition representing a kind of do-it-yourself kit, extremely fashionable lately. It consists of artificial replicas of stone and other materials, soil and plants, as well as a large plastic trough that can accommodate all this. Thus, it is possible to make a miniature alpine slide in this trough even in indoor conditions. There are various versions of artificial miniature slides, aimed at a wide range of customers.
As you can see, rock gardens have a large number of options for the implementation of their part, which belongs to inanimate nature. The plants that inhabit the alpine hill, to preserve the overall integrity and completeness of the composition, must be maintained in a certain style.
The main thing in it is the use of mountain plants or species that are most similar to them externally. Consider the various groups of plants used in rock gardens, as well as describe the characteristic representatives of a particular group.
These are amazingly beautiful flowers for the alpine slide, which attracts with its two-tone color. Also worth noting is the simplicity of the plant. Violet grows well in any soil, both in the shade and in the sun. Violet seeds are planted in early summer. It blooms for a very long time, from the first months of summer to the late autumn.
It would be a mistake to assume that on the lowest tier of the alpine slide should be a bare stone. Such reasoning would be appropriate for structures like the Japanese "rock garden" and, perhaps, everything. It is unlikely that anyone would want to allot a lot of space in the center of the composition only to pave it with stones. This is not a city square.
The stones in the rock gardens perform a separation function, and the large spaces between them need to be filled with something.. The best solution for this is the cover plants - they uniformly fill the lowest level of the composition of the hill, making it elegant.
The vast majority of cover plants have small flowers. Some do not possess them at all, but their foliage is decorative enough to be used as decoration for the lower levels.
How to choose stones for rock garden
The main task of the stones in the alpine slide is to recreate the beauty of the mountains, so it is important that stone groups look as natural as possible. When creating a rock garden prefer granite, limestone, sandstone. Each of these stones has its own degree of fragility and absorption of moisture.
Granite due to the variety of shades, massiveness looks spectacular, but rather difficult to process, poorly absorbs moisture, affects soil acidity. Beside it are recommended to plant heather, coniferous plants.
Mostly for the rock garden is used sandstone, which has excellent decorative properties: a rich gamut of tones, smooth coarse-grained structure. The variety of sandstone colors is striking: there is a light red stone, cream, light and dark beige, pinkish, dark brown. Ideal for all flowers and plants.
Also in the decoration of alpine slides use limestone (dolomite or tuff), which has an excellent indicator of air permeability, moisture absorption. Ideal for highland plants, over time, moss and lichen overgrown. Limestone is a fairly soft stone that can be processed outside the working environment. Over time, all the faces of the stone are smoothed out, it acquires a natural scenic view.Not suitable for plants requiring high soil acidity.
Flowers for the alpine slide
Flowers for an alpine slide are perennials, but at the initial stage of its creation it is allowed to fill temporarily empty places with annual flowers and bushes.
Alpine edelweiss (popular name - mountaineer), growing in the mountains at an altitude of about 1500-2000 meters in poor rocky soil, can be a real decoration of the upper tier of the alpine hill. This flower is listed in the Red Book, but at home you can grow it from seed and then propagate with seedlings.
You can achieve a harmonious landscape view of the hill by planting an edelweiss with other low flowers: stonecrop, allium, gypsophila, clove-grass, creeping thyme, gray-blue clove, young.
Various types of carnations will be an excellent decoration of the upper tier of rock garden, they create compact lush green bushes that bloom all summer with small colorful flowers that exude a pleasant aroma.
Creeping thyme differs flowers lilac-purple hue, creates lush pillows. In addition, the honey aroma of this perennial attracts bees and butterflies, which gives the rock garden extra beauty.
Enough effectively looks on the alpine hill such a culture as young. Absolutely undemanding to the conditions, fleshy thick leaves create rosettes of various forms, the shade of inflorescences is purple. It is recommended as a plant for an alpine slide for securing slopes, as it can grow even in the gaps between the stones.
For the middle tier of rock garden, where there is a little less sunlight than at the top, but more moisture and more fertile soil, it is recommended to plant phloxes, shave cultural, clean woolly, sunflower.
The awl-shaped phlox blooms in May, the inflorescences are large, may be blue, bright white, pale pink shades. With proper care it blooms magnificently, completely covering the place reserved for it.
After it, in June, the obriet blooms with bright flowers of soft purple, bright crimson, pinkish shades, which can re-bloom in September. This perennial flower is ornamental throughout the year, as it has evergreen leaves.
For the foot of the alpine hill (its lower tier) choose flowers growing in conditions of high humidity. Recommend planting:
- liatris spikelet (inflorescences are arrow-shaped in various shades of lilac, red, white, depending on the species),
- Dushenyu Indian,
- saxifrage (various species),
Selecting plants for alpine slides should take into account their requirements for moisture, acidity of the soil, natural light.
- Thuja western (Thuja occidentalis).
- Mountain pine Mops (Pinus mugo Mops).
- Spruce fir (Picea abies "Nidiformis").
- Canadian spruce (either white or gray) (Picea glauca).
- Junipers (Juniperus).
- Fan Maple (hand-shaped) (Acer palmatum)
- Barberry (Berberis)
- Euonymus (Euonymus).
It is interesting to look at the bushes overgrown with moss. Under natural conditions, waiting for them to become mossy for a long time, so we can speed up the process.
How to grow moss at home
For this we stock up with moss (dry or alive). If you scored it in the forest, then clean it well from the ground.
In a jar, pour 2 cups of kefir (yogurt), add a cup of chopped moss and mix. It should be a thick solution, which is applied with a brush to the surface. After 6 weeks, it will be seen whether the moss has taken root in a new place or not.
Do not forget to water it and feed it with mineral fertilizers. The main thing to remember is that the moss for planting must be taken from the material on which you want to grow it.
If on a wooden surface, the raw material is removed from the tree, if you are going to cover the stones, then remove the seed material from the stones.
Ground Cover Alpine Plants
Be sure to plant on the slope of the hill ground cover plants with a good root system, this will avoid its blurring and sprinkling. Well proven themselves:
- Geychera (Heuchera)
- Stachys woolly or chistere, or "sheep ears" (Stachys byzantina)
- Rejuvenated (or "stone rose", or "hare cabbage") (Sempervivum)
- Schmidt wormwood (Artemisia schmidtiana) "Nana"
- Thyme creeping or thyme (Thymus serpyllum)
- Evers' Sedum (Sedum ewersii)
- Creeping ayuga (ajuga reptans)
- Acena Buchana (Acaena buchananii).
The background for the flowers are herbs that retain their decorativeness to the very frost and do not allow the hill before the flowering of various cultures to look "naked."
- Salvia officinalis
- Barley barley (Hordeum jubatum)
- Liriope or Monkey Grass (Liriope).
- Heather common or passerine buckwheat (Calluna vulgaris)
- Cuff alpine or chest grass, or goose foot (Alchemilla alpina)
- Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
- Erica (evergreen heather) (Erica)
- Liatris spikata (Liatris spicata).
- Bluegrass Fescue (Festuca glauca)
- Red-leaf cuff (A. erythropoda)
- Lagurus or cattail (Lagurus)
- Vivsetse viviparous (Helictotrichon sempervirens)
- Fescue Gautier (Festuca Gautieri).
Flowers for early spring
If you want your alpine slide to come alive with the first spring rays, then in the fall, plant:
- Dwarf Tulip Varieties
- Snowdrop or Galantus (Galantus)
- Dwarf Narcissus Varieties
- A stemless primrose or primrose (Primula acaulis).
- Muscari or "mouse hyacinth" (Muscari)
- Lumbago or Sleep-grass, or Anemone (Pulsatilla patens)
- Springman or Erantes (Eranthis)
- Crocus or Saffron (Crocus)
- European cyclamen or alpine violet (Cyclamen europaeum).
- Scilla or Scilla
- Pushkinia (Puschkinia)
- Spring Adonis or Adonis (Adonis vernalis)
- Crested Chick (Corydalis).
This creeping flower creates a beautiful carpet that can be a decoration for any garden. It is planted in the middle of spring, when the soil is already warm enough.
The plant does not tolerate high humidity very well, so you need to be extremely careful in watering. The best environment for active and healthy growth is moderately moist soil and bright sun.
Also, it would not be superfluous to carry out periodic fertilization of the flower with nitrogen fertilizers.
A short, biennial plant for an alpine slide called “Forget-me-not Alpine” has a very active and early flowering. The first inflorescences can be seen in early May. Forget-me-not has many varieties.
Among them, you can choose the plant, the color of which you would like to see on your alpine hill. This flower is very fond of the sun, but it is very resistant to winter frosts. The flower is best planted in small groups.
Forget-me-not is planted in the middle or late fall. So the first flowers bloom in the spring.
The plant is not tricky, perennial, grows well and develops on sandy soils. Even without bright colors of pink, lilac, lilac, obriet looks like an ornamental plant.
Flowering does not last long, about a month, after which the shave is cut. It is worth noting that the sown seeds do not need to sprinkle with earth. They need solar energy to grow.
Traditionally, an obriet is planted around the perimeter of an alpine slide or used as a decorative element for stone hills.
This American flower feels great on stony soils under the bright sun. It is quite unpretentious, blooms from May to June. The flowers are medium sized, purple, pink or white. Plant propagated by cuttings or dividing the bush. To plant new shoots of asters should be at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
Despite the fact that this species is distinguished by a large variety of representatives, not flowers, but leaves of various colors, it attracts gardeners. Geicher gets on well with various types of flowers and shrubs. It does not require special conditions for growth.
Pouring geykhery - a variety of colors and shades.It is they who attract with their appearance, as the flowers of the plant are not very large in size and have an inexpressive white color. Flower propagated by seeds or division of rhizomes. Growing geyheru simple and easy. It grows on any soil, does not require frequent watering and tolerates temperature fluctuations.
Alpine Slide Tips
Professional gardeners and designers recommend using the following tips when creating and maintaining a slide:
- Alpine slide is worth equip on an elevation, the slope of which is located on the south-east or south-west side,
- the height of the alpine slide should be commensurate with its area,
- it is necessary to equip the drainage system. To do this, the top layer of soil is removed to a depth of at least 25 cm. The pit is covered with rubble or slag, which forms the drainage layer,
- the planting ground must be fertile. To do this, the ground removed from the wound must be mixed with clay and fertilizer.
- large stones are better placed in the center, and small ones around the perimeter,
- do not ignore the weeds, they must be promptly and promptly removed. For this, manual weeding is carried out or weeds are treated with special solutions of the herbicide.
Alpine slides need care and a competent approach to the arrangement. Only in this way, the alpine slide will delight you and your loved ones with beautiful flowers almost all year round. Do not be afraid to show imagination, sometimes the results can be unexpectedly pleasant.
You can watch a detailed video tutorial on creating an alpine slide in the video
What plants to choose for alpine slides
Having created an alpine slide frame in the country with their own hands, it remains to decide which plants are needed. The best option - stunted, ground cover, perennial plants.
When choosing a landing site, remember the basic rule for an alpine slide: large specimens should not be planted near small stones.
Plants should not overshadow each other, and cover the stones. Everything should look organic, natural and picturesque.
In the selection of "residents" rock garden take into account their unpretentiousness to the soil and climate, shade tolerance, drought tolerance. Thus, the northern and eastern sides are planted with shade-tolerant representatives of the flora. The southern, western slopes and peaks are light-loving crops that are resistant to drought. Plants should not aggressively multiply, "slaughtering" neighbors.
Do not overlook the timing of flowering plants. We select them with alternate flowering. Thus, the rock garden will be modified monthly, painted in different shades.
Depending on the type of slides, deciduous and coniferous low-growing shrubs and trees will also be relevant to it. This will allow the alpinaria to remain aesthetically attractive in winter.
Slow-growing dwarf shrubs are planted on large areas of the hill. Harmoniously, they look near large stones, located on its edges at a great distance from each other. Effectively look shrubs with different forms of crown or color needles.
Flowers for later spring
Next, the spring charm will add:
- Dicentra klobuchkovaya (Dicentra cuccularia)
- Campanula pulla dark
- Iberis or pouper (Iberis).
- Gypsophila or Swing (Gypsophila)
- Carpathian bell (Campanula carpatica).
- Aquilegia or catchment or Orlik (Aquilegia)
- Styloid phlox (Phlox subulata)
- Alpine Gutchinsia (Hutshinsia alpine).
What flowers to plant on the alpine hill in summer
Summer riot of colors will help create:
- Duchenei Indian or Indian strawberries (Duchesnea indica)
- Gentian (Gentiana)
- Saxifraga arendsii.
- Carnation travyanka (Dianthus deltoids)
- Alpine Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis alpestris)
- Sunflower or Helianthum (Helianthemum)
- Yaskolka (Cerastium).
We decorate the alpine hill in the fall
Boring autumn season will develop:
- Autumn crocus or colchicum (Colchicum autumnale)
- Dwarf Chrysanthemum Varieties (Chrysanthemum)
- Chinese Astra or Callistephus (Callistemma chinense)
- Alpine aster or false aster (Aster alpinus).
To annually the alpine hill looked in a new way, annual and perennial plants are placed on it. By the choice of flowers for the alpine hills, especially perennial should come with full responsibility, because they will decorate the rock garden for more than one season. Therefore, before planting perennial flowers to a permanent place, think carefully about their color range, pomp and shape of the bush.
Do not like flowers? Try to make a rock garden with fragrant herbs and greens.
We select the appropriate flowers, plants and stones for alpine slides
Creating an alpine slide - a creative process that requires both a flight of fancy and clear knowledge. The article provides information about the plants for the alpine slide, lists the most spectacular perennial flowers, their names, sets out tips on choosing stones for rock garden. The text is accompanied by colorful photos.
Creeping and creeping
Hat first glance it may seem that there is no difference between cover and creeping plants. Indeed, both are on the lowest tier of the Alpine slide, and both are short, both types tend to have small flowers, and so on.
But, in this case, we are talking about a fundamental difference. Cover plants are mostly flattened bushes.. That is, where there is no possibility for the location of the root system, the plant simply will not. And, therefore, in these places there will be nothing to cover the bottom layer of stones.
Creeping plants due to the fact that most of their shoots lie on the ground, they are capable of covering from one root with their vegetation much larger areas than the covering ones. This is especially important in rock gardens, due to the fact that due to the large number of stones, plant access to the soil is significantly limited.
The second important advantage of creeping plants is the possibility of their full or partial interlacing of large boulders and other objects of the landscape.. Such methods of creeping plants allow you to get beautiful and unique objects.
A plant that many consider weed. This is not surprising, due to the speed of growth of its shoots, fantastic unpretentiousness and very fast reproduction rates in all available ways.
Moreover, periwinkle is one of the best creeping plants due to the large number of beautiful blue-violet flowers. The purpose of such plants in rock gardens is to interweave a green mass of gaps between stones and unsightly elements of the construction of the hill. In addition, many design options involve, for example, the use of large boulders, completely intertwined with plants.
Of all those creeping into this task, periwinkle will do the best.
Low-growing shrub with both straight and creeping stems. Leaves are round or oval. Plant height rarely exceeds 30 cm. If you remove standing shoots in time, the height of the thyme layer will be small. Flowering occurs in August and early September.
Despite the large number of species, they are all very similar to one another and there are no obvious differences in shape or color. The most common purple and pink hues.
The plant is a family of pink. It is a semi-shrub perennial. The flowering period of the plant falls on the beginning of summer. On the stem is a few flowers, and their total number is quite large. With a relatively loose planting because of the flowers can not even see the leaves.
It is used mainly as a creeping plant, since flexible stems can lie on the ground for almost 20–30 cm before they raise flowers to the Sun. It spreads very quickly and requires regular growth restrictions.
In temperate climates, distributed almost everywhere. Dislikes both strong cold and strong heat. Feels best in coniferous forests, so in the alpine garden it will be optimal to plant next to the coniferous. Forchun euonymus has received the greatest distribution on alpine hills.
On the sunny side, the Euonymus grows in breadth much better than in height, which allows it to be used as a cover plant. However, it needs regular loosening of the soil, which slightly limits its use in rock gardens.
In addition, to preserve moisture, it is desirable to mulch the soil under it. It is a poisonous plant. Care should be taken when working with roots and leaves.
Two types are best suited for this purpose: horizontal juniper and Blue Forest variety. Both grow no more than 20-30 cm in height, but the width can grow up to a meter. They have green or gray-green needles, in winter the color changes to burgundy.
The composition of the soil is undemanding, but do not like excessive dryness of both the soil and the air. The first 2-3 years of life have a slow growth, but then grow very strongly. In order for the plant to have thick branches, it should be cut annually in the first place, long shoots.
Tall plants (for upper levels)
The largest representatives of the rock garden flora, in fact, may not be present. These are either residents of the alpine hills boundary levels, or special attention concentrators that “catch” the visitor’s glimpse and then transfer him to the rock garden. The boundary level is understood as either the rock garden background, or the beginning of some construction inside it. If your slide does not aim to stand out strongly from the surrounding landscape, there is no particular need for them.
Pyramid cypress, evergreen
But what kind of alpine landscape is possible without representatives, for example, conifers? In addition, you need to understand that rock garden is not just a flower bed, the composition of which can be easily and quickly changed from season to season. It is rather complicated both in design and in manufacture, and its life cycle has at least 5-7 years. Therefore, the selection of the main inhabitants of the rock garden should be made very scrupulously.
The ideal choice in this case would be slow-growing perennials. Coniferous species have the advantage, since they help to solve two problems at once. First, they are natural representatives of stony soils and mountain landscapes. And secondly, most conifers have a high decorative effect and the ability to attract attention.
As an alternative to conifers, you can use either some kind of evergreen shrubs or trees that have some similarities with them, or some beautiful ornamental perennials suitable for growth or the overall impression made.
It is an evergreen or deciduous shrub, devoid of thorns. You can often find tree varieties of a cotoneaster. It has medium-sized oblong leaves that change color during the year. In summer, the color of the leaves is dark green, in winter it is dark bardic. The cotoneaster can grow to 5 m, however, in most cases it ranges from 1.2 to 1.5 m.
Prefers slightly acidic soil, tolerates drought. Due to its decorative effect, cotoneaster can be used as a single plant or as a group plant for creating fences. With a developed root system, it can be used to strengthen the rock garden type "slope". The cotoneaster blossoms in June-July, and its fruits, which are red berries, appear by September.
The plant is slow-growing, but young shoots from season to season can grow significantly. Therefore, to maintain the plant in proper appearance, it is recommended that regular pruning.Evergreens are pruned in the middle of spring, and deciduous ones are cut at the end of winter, when there may still be snow and a negative temperature.
There are many varieties that are suitable for the growth of alpine slides. They should not be excessively high or low. Using too high tui does not reflect too well on the appearance of an alpine slide. The optimum growth of such varieties is in the range from 1 to 2 m. Among them the following varieties are most popular:
These varieties are quite unpretentious in cultivation, they perfectly tolerate pruning, and are able to withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C and drought.
This group includes stunted or even dwarf pines, if there are firs. As a rule, they are no different from their forest counterparts, except for growth. They are perfectly adapted to temperate climates, and most of them are adapted to its temperature range.
Often these species are used either in the center of the composition, or in its “characteristic” points - in the corners, in places where the gradient changes, and so on. Their main role is to focus on oneself or some part of the landscape.
As a separate high objects on the alpine slide can be used and juniper. For tall varieties include such as Chinese juniper, rocky or virgin.
The choice of colors and crown shapes of such junipers is quite large. Their growing conditions are similar to those for coverslips.
It is a semi-evergreen plant, because it loses some foliage for the winter season. In the rock gardens used shrub forms of barberry. Foliage is of all shades of green and yellow, there are instances with foliage of red-brown color. Flowers are predominantly yellow or orange with a pleasant smell.
Flowering time is in summer. It is a good honey plant. Barberry berries are red, densely located on the branches. During the whole warm season the barberry retains its decorative effect.
Grows on any soil, unpretentious, tolerates drought. It prefers sunny areas, but can grow in partial shade. To facilitate the care of the barberry is recommended mulching.
The choice of these colors is very diverse. First of all, they include all ornamental plants that can grow on the sunny side and on poor soils. These can be lilies, daylilies, peonies, chubushnik, roses, wild rose, etc.
The main requirement for such plants, as opposed to cover and creeping - tall and attractive appearance. As a rule, similar plants from the population of a hill demand the most attention to themselves. Usually, to maintain them in a decent way is spent most of the time when working with a slide.
Often, due to the limited amount of land for growing such plants, they often have to be transplanted, separating excess parts of the root system or daughter plants. In addition, to maintain a beautiful appearance, they must often be fertilized.
Plants of medium height and undersized
The purpose of such plants in rock gardens - transitions between different levels of plants and objects. It is these species that fill the main space of the alpine slide and make up the majority of its design solutions. With their help, slides with continuous flowering are also created, they serve as borders and are used to enhance those or other visual effects.
Pine Dwarf, Mountain
In some cases, the average level of an alpine slide may differ from its top and bottom by a lower degree of illumination.. Therefore, plants in this area can be shade-loving.
Grassy herb with bright green or bluish leaves. Very decorative, often used in rock gardens. With growth, forms bumps, up to 50 cm high.The diameter of the overgrown fescue for 10 years can reach 1 m.
It grows on any soil, tolerates drought, but does not like stagnant water. Drainage is a must. In the rock gardens most often used glacial fescue, reaching no more than 30 cm in diameter and having a blue-gray foliage.
A plant with a beautiful appearance and a unique smell. In rock gardens are mainly used sredneroslye and dwarf species, ranging from 25 to 40 cm in height. Flowering bushes lasts almost three months - from June to August.
Lavender has a good simplicity and ability to endure drought. The plant is warm and light-loving. It grows well on stony and sandy soils.
In the natural environment, these plants prefer shaded places, so they are used in rock gardens either on the north side or to fill the space between large boulders.
The plant has many shades and forms of petals, so it is often used in almost all types of filling rock gardens. It blooms one of the first in spring, so its other name is primrose.
Primula is demanding on the composition and consistency of the soil. Ideal for primrose is loose and light soil with good drainage and high moisture capacity. It is recommended that the top layer of soil in the vicinity of the plant be slightly wet, but without stagnant water. Soil acidity does not play a special role, but it is desirable to use soils of neutral acid composition.
Primula loves top dressing from mineral fertilizers, however, preference should be given to phosphate-potassium mixtures, almost completely eliminating nitrogenous ones. Otherwise, next spring you can get a lot of green mass instead of flower cover.
The small growth the bulbous plants preferring plain surfaces. Ideal for creating "mountain valleys". They are widespread due to their unpretentious, beautiful appearance and early flowering.
It prefers shade and moist soil. Not susceptible to almost all diseases. It tends to multiply by self-seeding and spread rapidly. The color is predominantly blue.
In the case of placing the plant in the shade or partial shade it reduces the number of flowers, but the amount of deciduous mass increases. This technique is often used in the design of alpine slides, because many like the way it looks like lavender leaves. For an even greater amount of foliage and increase in its density, it is recommended to use mineral nitrogen-containing fertilizers twice per season, for example, urea or nitrate.
Another name is saffron. Some of the early primroses, although there are late flowering and even those that bloom in the fall. The height of the plant rarely exceeds 10 cm. The leaves appear at the plant after it is completed.
Possess a wide variety of shades. They need fertile soil, which is a bit problematic in place of a rock garden in the usual way. With proper compliance, agrotechnics do not get sick and are not exposed to attacks of pests.
The plant is a family of buttercups, from 5 to 30 cm in height. The peculiarity of the plant is the stem and leaves covering it. Flowering time is in April-May. The color of the plant may be purple, blue or lilac.
Prefers sandy soil. It tolerates drought, does not like stagnant water. Therefore, an alpine slide will be the perfect place for this plant. Can be planted on both sunny and shady areas.
The plant is a short bulbous shrub with many small, but very decorative flowers. The basic shades are white or yellow. The flowering period occurs at the beginning of summer, the duration is 3-4 weeks. After flowering, it is necessary to remove dried parts of the plant - this will help it to stimulate the growth of new shoots.
It prefers sunny areas with sandy or stony ground, therefore it is well acclimatized in alpine hills. The plant needs regular watering and good drainage. It is desirable to apply organic fertilizer at the end of the season.
As bulbous plants in rock gardens, you can use those species that can grow on sandy soils, or use special areas to which loose soil will be applied.
In this case, muscari, Pushkinia and grouse are most often recommended for cultivation. They all prefer sunny areas and moderate watering. Before planting these plants in the rock garden, it is desirable to introduce organic fertilizer (compost or humus) into the soil, and it must be mulched to preserve moisture in the soil.
Bulbous in rock gardens need regular annual prevention of their bulbs and removal of excess. As a rule, it is either old or damaged bulbs. Sometimes it is practiced to dig out the bulbs for storage in the winter and then sort them at home.
Some species of bulbous plants do not need such a procedure annually, because in the absence of the necessary space they do not create a large number of daughter bulbs, that is, their root system remains almost unchanged. But, nevertheless, once in 3-4 years they need to be updated or thinned.
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Rock garden is one of the most interesting elements of landscape design. He will never lose its relevance, since the idea of having a piece of wildlife in his home, or his likeness, has always been characteristic of man. The selection of plants for an alpine slide is an important task, since the choice of the right rock garden depends on their choice of the garden garden or the garden plot. Feedback from our readers is very important to us. If you do not agree with these estimates, leave your rating in the comments with the arguments of your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.