Experienced vegetable growers each season are decided on another experiment. This may be the cultivation of new crops or the use of interesting varieties. Most often I want to grow some unusual vegetables, different from all the others. Variety of tomatoes "Volovye heart" may well become a worthy participant in the experiment, and then become a favorite crop on the plot. The main feature of the “Volovye heart” tomato variety is unusually large fruits that can reach a weight of 800-1000 grams (average weight 300 grams).
“Cow heart” is an indeterminate mid-season tomato variety, vegetative period 107 days. Growing is possible both in a polycarbonate or glass greenhouse, and in an open garden bed in the garden. Shrub reaches 120 centimeters, so you need a garter and the formation of a bush in 1-2 stems. The second stem is formed from the stepson located above the first brush. The remaining stepsons should be regularly removed. An adult plant does not have a massive deciduous mass. Up to five fruits form on one hand.
Fruits of salad destination - fleshy heart-shaped with a beautiful pink and raspberry color, have a pleasant sweet taste. The “ox heart” is poorly stored, therefore it is not recommended to plant such tomatoes in large quantities. The fruits are very juicy, with one kilogram of tomatoes you can get up to 700 grams of tomato juice. Variety is well suited for canning vegetable assorted on the basis of tomato.
Planting tomatoes "ox heart" is made in a fertile not heavy soil. Seeds are sown in early March with a seeding depth of 2-3 centimeters. A dive is made when the first pair of true leaves appears. Planting density - 3-4 bush per square meter.
Requires regular watering and 2-3 feeding during the growing season. In order to avoid moisture evaporation, it is better to mulch the soil. You can use natural mulch or black plastic wrap.
Tomato variety "Volovye heart" is resistant to most diseases of tomatoes, so even the most inexperienced vegetable growers can grow it.
Description of the variety, reviews, photos
Mid-season, large-fruited, semi-determinant variety of tomato. In the middle lane is recommended to grow it in greenhouses. The period from germination to maturity is 111-115 days.
The height of the bush is 1.2-1.5 meters in the greenhouse, in the exhaust gas is slightly lower. Requires a garter to support or a trellis and pasynkovanie. It is best to form a plant in 1-2 stems, that is, it is necessary to leave only 1 stepchild under the first flower brush, or not to leave any.
The leaf of this tomato is medium-sized, green. The inflorescence is simple and intermediate type. The first inflorescence is laid over a 9-11 leaf, the next - every 3 leaves.
Features of growing
Sowing seeds for seedlings spend 60-65 days before the proposed planting in the ground. Picked up seedlings - at the stage of the appearance of the second true leaf. When planting seedlings at a permanent place on 1 square meter of the site is recommended to place up to 4 plants.
Further care of the tomatoes consists of timely watering, feeding with complex mineral fertilizer, removing weeds, pasynkovaniya and preventive measures to protect the crop from diseases and pests.
Tomatoes Ox heart video
If you grew tomatoes, ox heart, please write, whether you like them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How do you rate the resistance of this variety to disease? If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!
Your feedback on Tomato Volovye heart and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
Description of the variety and its purpose
Tomato Volovye heart - a variety of Russian breeding. The characteristic and description of the variety, given to it in the State Register of the Russian Federation, rank it among the list of tomatoes zoned for cultivation in the southern regions of Russia, Moldova and Ukraine. However, when cultivated in greenhouses, it successfully develops and bears fruit in regions with a more severe climate, for example, in central Europe or in Siberia.
Above it was said that the ox-heart tomatoes belong to the category of lettuce-type tomatoes, and therefore their main purpose is fresh consumption. Due to the large weight, the fruits of this variety are not suitable for salting and preservation entirely, but they produce excellent quality thick and fragrant juice, which is preserved for the winter by pasteurization or used to make tomato sauces, ketchups or canned vegetable snacks.
- The ox heart is a late-ripening tomato, according to some crop reference books - mid-season. The time of ripening of its first fruits, counting from the date of planting the seeds, is 107 - 117 days.
- The plants of this variety are indeterminate, although some vegetable growers tend to classify them as semi-determinant. The average height of the “Cow Heart” bushes is 1.2–1.4 m, but some specimens grown in greenhouses can reach 1.8–2 m. Plants are powerful, like most other lettuce varieties, have little leafy. Leaf plates are saturated green, of medium size, of a standard “tomato” shape.
- The yield of the variety is low - on average, for the growing season, one bush of ground tomatoes gives 4.8 - 7.0 kg of fruit, while growing in the greenhouse, this figure increases to 8.0 - 11.0 kg.
- The “ox-heart” responds well to top dressing, is rarely affected by phytophthora, and possesses complex disease resistance.
The “ox heart” forms brushes of 3-4, maximum 5 fruits. As a rule, two such brushes ripen on bushes at the same time, tomatoes of the first wave weigh 280 - 330, and sometimes even 500 g, subsequent fruits do not gain such a mass, their weight varies in the range of 180 - 270 g.
The shape of the fruit corresponds to their name - the tomatoes of this variety are heart-shaped, slightly ribbed, covered with delicate raspberry skin.
The flesh of the fruit is of cold pink color, dense, fleshy and at the same time juicy, with a high content of dry substances.
The taste of tomatoes is rich, pronounced "tomato", sweetish with delicate sourness. The peculiarity of the fruit - strong, characteristic of tomato tops, aroma.
The oxen heart tomatoes do not crack, they have an excellent presentation, there are no problems with their transportation, but there is one drawback - long-term storage hurts them.
Tomatoes Volove Heart: variety description
This variety was bred by Russian breeders and entered into the State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use in 2000. Not a hybrid.
Tomato variety Wolves Heart indeterminate mid-season and late ripening. In the open ground, the height of the stem reaches 1.2-1.5 m, in the greenhouse it grows up to 2 m. It requires tying and pasynkovaniya.
It is intended for cultivation in the southern regions, however, it successfully grows in the middle lane and in Siberia in greenhouses. The advantages of the “ox heart” include high yields, complex disease resistance, large fruit.
The name of the variety corresponds to the shape of the fruit - heart-shaped. Individual tomatoes reach a weight of 800-1000 g, the average weight of a bush is 300 g. The ripened fruit has a pink-crimson color, medium ridged surface, fleshy flesh. It tastes sweet, has a typical tomato smell. Multicamera fruits.
Tomatoes Volovye heart have an excellent presentation, are not prone to cracking and tolerate transportation. Tomato Volovye heart is not subject to long storage. His appointment - salad. Most often it is consumed fresh.
In addition, of them prepare juices, pasta, add to canned mixed vegetables, use as part of vegetable side dishes and soup dressings. Special rich juice is especially loved - 1 kg of tomatoes gives up to 700 g of juice. Not suitable for salting in its entirety due to its large size.
In the southern regions are grown in open ground. In cool regions, biological ripeness reaches only in greenhouses. It has a medium leafy stem with a large number of fruits.
Requires the formation of a bush with growth restriction. Formed in 2 stalks. Constant staining is necessary to increase the number of ovaries. The second stem is formed from the stepson above the first brush.
Fruit ripening period from 107 to 115 days. On 1 brush matures up to 5 fruits. The average yield recorded in the registry is up to 7 kg per square meter. m. Recommended for cultivation on an industrial scale in farms.
Yield varieties can be compared with others:
See below: Ox-Heart Tomato photo
So, we turn to the main thing - tomatoes Volovye Heart cultivation. Seeds on seedlings are planted at the beginning of March, when 1-2 leaves appear, seedlings swoop in pots and are grown at an average temperature of 20-22 °.
In the ground seedlings are planted at the age of 60-65 days. In a heated greenhouse it is planted in late April, in the usual - in the middle of May. Before planting, the seedlings are quenched for a week, exposing the day to the open air.
Given that the bush grows large, the planting pattern should be 50 x 70 cm. On 1 square. m no more than 4 bushes are planted. In Siberia and other cold regions, the recommended planting depth is no more than 20 cm. Planting of seedlings is possible only when the soil temperature reaches + 8 degrees or more.
Tomatoes variety Voldeye Heart are grown on not heavy fertile soils. It is not advisable to plant tomatoes from year to year in one place. Use the ground from under the carrot, pea, onion or radish. This applies to tomatoes growing in the open field. In the greenhouse, where it is difficult to observe the rules of crop rotation, it is recommended to prepare the soil in autumn. Her dig with humus and mineral fertilizers.
Forming a plant in 2 stalks, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves and excess processes. They will appear constantly, the main thing is not to let them grow. On the bush leave 6-8 brushes with ovaries. Tall stem tied to trellis.
Watering tomatoes of this variety requires regular. Experienced growers recommend watering the plants with warm water in the evening.
To preserve moisture, the soil under the bushes can be mulched.
Try growing tomatoes in your greenhouse Wolves Heart and you will not regret it. He is good in all forms and is likely to become a permanent inhabitant of your beds.
The fruits most accurately characterize the name and description of the variety - “Ox heart”. They really approximate the shape of the heart of the appropriate (large) size. The average weight of the fruit is 150-300 g, but sometimes 800 g can be found. The surface of the tomatoes is slightly ribbed, the skin is pinkish and crimson-colored, thin, but strong enough. The flesh of the tomatoes is very fleshy, almost devoid of seeds, the taste is tender, sweetish, with a pronounced tomato flavor.
Tomatoes of this variety have table purpose, they are used for fresh consumption, processing into juice and blanks. They are not subject to long-term storage, since they have a thin skin and very juicy pulp. Despite this, tomatoes of this variety have an excellent presentation and are the most popular among consumers. Ripe fruits are poorly transported, so for their implementation should be plucked slightly unripe.
Soil and feeding
The composition and quality of soil for tomatoes "Volovye heart" is of considerable importance. Like all tall large-fruited tomatoes, they are very demanding on the presence of mineral substances in the composition of the soil. Without this, one cannot hope for a high yield. When growing tomatoes in open ground, it is important to observe crop rotation, annually change the location of the beds. Carrots, onions, radishes, cucumbers, cabbage, and legumes are considered to be favorable predecessors of tomato. If tomatoes grow in a greenhouse, where it is more difficult to observe crop rotation, then the soil should be well fertilized every year since autumn with humus and mineral mixtures.
The soil for planting tomatoes should be light and fertile. For sowing seeds for seedlings, it is recommended to use loose soil rich in humus (high peat, humus). On a garden bed or in greenhouses, you should try to create a soil mixture as close as possible to the one in which the seedlings grew. This will make plants easier to adapt after transplanting. For sowing seeds, the soil should be heated to 15 ° C. Planting seedlings on a bed can be no earlier than the average daily air temperature rises to 20-25 ° C. To speed up the warming of the soil, the ground can be covered with a film.
Despite the introduction of fertilizers during planting, indeterminate tomatoes need additional food during the entire growing season, especially in the first half. Such planned dressings before the start of fruiting need to lead 2-3. Some time after transplantation, the seedlings can be fed with a mineral mixture and a low nitrogen content. During active flowering, as well as the formation of the ovary, phosphorus and potassium should be introduced - these substances improve the taste and quality of tomatoes. For fans of organics recommended watering "green" infusions, mullein.
Masking and tying
Pastage (removal of lateral processes) for indeterminate tomatoes is obligatory, otherwise they will form lush greens and long lashes, and this will negatively affect the number of fruits. The variety “Volovye heart” is recommended to form in 2 stalks: the first is the main one, and as the second one the stepson is left above the first fruit cluster. The remaining stepchildren need to be regularly broken off, as soon as they reach a length of 3-5 cm. Spikes of this size do not affect the development of the bush, but the removal of larger shoots is fraught with a weakening of the plant.
When forming a bush, you should leave no more than 6-8 brushes with the ovary. With so many fruits guaranteed to grow large and juicy. If you leave more, the fruits will be smaller, but this is a matter of taste.
After the formation of the required number of brushes, the tops of the shoots can be pinched - this measure will allow to restrain the growth of the bush and direct all the forces of the plant to the ripening of the fruits. Regardless of the place of growth, tomatoes of this variety must be tied to the trellis, otherwise the stem will break under the weight of the fruit. During the period of active ripening of tomatoes, the lower leaves should also be cut off so that nutrients are not wasted in vain.
As the instructions for the cultivation of this variety, irrigation for tomatoes "ox-heart" constitute the main part of caring for them. Watering should be systematic and not very abundant. To get sweet, juicy and aromatic tomatoes, you must always maintain the soil in a state of light moisture. In the summer, the bushes need to be watered once / 2-3 days, in the anomalous heat - daily. Watering is recommended to be carried out with warm water in the evening, after sunset. For the preservation of moisture the soil can be covered with mulch.
Equally important for the “Cow Heart” is loosening the soil and removing weeds from the garden bed. It should be noted that weeds are very harmful for tomatoes of any variety, as they are the main carriers of diseases and habitats of pests. Follow these simple activities, and tomatoes will thank you for a wonderful harvest of tasty fruits.
The best experiment of Russian breeders is the Volovye Serd tomato: a characteristic and description of a variety, a photo
The keen vegetable growers love to experiment, growing different varieties of tomatoes in the garden.
By trial and error they choose tomatoes, the most suitable for salads and preparations.
Tomato Volovye heart can become a worthy participant of such experiments with great chances to win the competition from other varieties.
- Tomatoes Volove Heart variety description
- Fruit Characteristic
- A photo
Soil and dressing Masking and tying Watering
This variety was bred by Russian breeders and entered into the State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use in 2000. It is not a hybrid.
Tomato variety Wolves Heart indeterminate mid-season and late ripening. In the open ground, the height of the stem reaches 1.2-1.5 m, in the greenhouse it grows up to 2 m. It requires tying and pasynkovaniya.
It is intended for cultivation in the southern regions, however, it successfully grows in the middle lane and in Siberia in greenhouses.
The advantages of the “ox heart” include high yields, complex disease resistance, large fruit.
Tomato Volovye heart: landing and leaving, the description of a grade, productivity, a photo
Today the market offers a huge assortment of different varieties of tomatoes, and gardeners often face a difficult choice. In our article we will tell you what a Volovye heart is a tomato, and give a description and description of the variety.
Description and distinctive features of the variety
Cow Heart - Tomatoes, which belong to the salad type and are most often consumed fresh. The large size and weight of the fruit does not allow them to be used for preservation, but at the same time you can make delicious juice from them.
Important! When forming a bush, do not leave more than 7 ovaries on it. So you can get large fruits.
Variety belongs to the group of late ripening, but in some sources you can see information about its belonging to the middle ripening. From the moment of planting seed to the first harvest, 107-117 days pass.
Volovie Heart is classified as indeterminate plants. The height of the bush on average is 1.3 m, but when grown in greenhouse conditions, it can grow up to 2 meters. Plants do not differ in dense foliage. The leaves are green, medium size, standard "tomato" form.
Learn how to grow the following varieties of tomatoes: Torbay f1, Big Mommy, Olesya, Scarlet Mustang, Bokele f1, Honey, Zemlyan, Polbig, Velgemozha, Kaspar , "Auria."
Tomato Volovye heart has a low yield: from one bush per season you can collect up to 7 kg. If you grow tomatoes in greenhouse conditions, the yield from one plant will increase to 11 kg. The plant responds well to fertilizers, is not often affected by blight, has a comprehensive resistance to diseases.
Brushes are formed on the bush, which contain about 5 fruits each. Usually one bush contains 2 brushes. The first fruits have a weight of 280-330 g, sometimes they can reach 500 g, but the subsequent harvest will be slightly less - the weight of one fruit will be 180-270 g.
The fruits have a cold pink color, the flesh is different flesh, density. It is quite juicy and contains a lot of dry matter. Tomatoes are characterized by a rich, sweetish taste with a slightly sour taste and strong aroma. Tomatoes practically do not crack, they look good and are suitable for transportation.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any variety, Volovye heart has its pros and cons.
- good yield
- pleasant taste,
- beautiful appearance.
- long growing season
- constant temperature control.
A cow's heart is a rather specific variety, therefore opinions on its account are rather ambiguous.
Before planting seeds, they must be processed. To do this, use a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Important! When there is an active ripening of tomatoes, be sure to break off the lower leaves - so the fruits will get more nutrients.
After processing, the seed must be thoroughly rinsed in clean water.
About a week before the transplanting to a permanent place, it is necessary to harden it. Every day, it is worth taking the seedlings to fresh air for several hours and gradually increasing the time until full daylight hours.
Choosing a place
It is recommended to plant tomatoes in areas where carrots, peas, radishes and onions were previously grown. Choose well-lit areas that are exposed to sunlight. Before planting, the soil is fertilized and moistened.
Watering, weeding and loosening
Watering should be given special attention. They need to be carried out regularly, while it is not necessary to perform abundant irrigation. The soil should always be hydrated.
In the summer it is recommended to irrigate 1 time in 3 days, if for a long time the air temperature is very high - every day. Warm water is suitable for irrigation, it is desirable to spend them in the evening. To keep moisture in the ground better, it should be covered with a layer of mulch.
It is important to periodically remove weeds, as they are a carrier of diseases and habitat for harmful insects. Due to loosening, the soil will be enriched with oxygen, which will affect the development of plants in the best way.
Masking and shaping the bush
To increase the number of fruits, it is necessary to reduce the amount of greenery - this is what sticks. The best option is the formation of a bush in 2 stems: the first will be the main one, and the second will be the stepson above the first tomato brush.
All other shoots should be removed as soon as they reach 3-5 cm. Removal of larger shoots can weaken the plant. After the brushes are formed, pinching of the upper parts of the shoots is performed. This is necessary to curb the growth and direction of all the forces of the bush to the ripening of tomatoes.
It is mandatory to carry out the garter bushes to the trellis. If this is not done, it is likely that the bush will break, as heavy fruits will hang on it.
Despite the fact that the variety is resistant to many diseases, it is recommended to carry out prophylactic treatment with special preparations that can be purchased in specialized stores. The best tool is Bordeaux liquid. The processing procedure should be carried out before the beginning of the flowering period.
Despite the fact that fertilizers are applied during planting, indeterminate varieties require feeding. For the whole season they are held 2-3. The first is carried out some time after transplanting. To do this, use a mineral mixture, which includes a small amount of nitrogen. During the flowering period, fertilizing is carried out with phosphorus and potassium - they will contribute to a better taste and quality of tomatoes.
Tomato Volovye heart - a great variety for growing. With a little effort and patience, even beginners can gather a rich harvest of delicious tomatoes.
Was this article helpful?
Tomato Volovye heart: reviews, photos, yield
The round, even tomatoes of medium size are, of course, good: it is these fruits that look best in cans and look attractive on the counter. But every gardener still wants to grow the largest tomatoes in his plot, because they are fragrant, juicy and very fleshy - fruits for salads and juices. This large-fruited variety is the Volovie Heart tomato.
From this article, you can find out about the yield of the Volovye Heart tomato, see the photos of its fruits, read reviews of those who planted this miracle on their plot. It also describes the various subspecies of the variety Volove Heart, recommendations for growing and caring for plants.
More about variety
First of all, it is worth noting that the characteristic and description of the variety of tomato Volovye Heart are different from the tomato Bullish Heart: they are two completely different varieties. Although the fruits of these varieties, indeed, have an external similarity and almost the same taste. The main difference between the two species is the height of the bush and the size of the fruit: after all, Bull Heart is larger in all respects.
Attention! Tomato Volovye Heart has its advantages, which will be discussed below.
The variety of tomato Volove Heart was bred in Russia in 2000, at the same time it was entered in the State Register. This tomato is considered late-ripening, although some breeders attribute it to tomatoes with medium ripening periods. Therefore, it is recommended to grow this variety in the southern and central regions; in the North, the Heart is planted only in a greenhouse.
Description of a grade of a tomato Volovye Heart:
- bushes of indeterminate type, their height in the greenhouse reaches two meters, in the open ground - no more than 170 cm,
- tomatoes ripen in 107-118 days from the moment of emergence,
- leaves on the bushes are not very much, they are medium in size, of ordinary shape,
- the yield of tomato in the open field is not very high - up to 7 kg per square meter, in the greenhouse it is realistic to raise this indicator to 11 kg,
- The Volove Heart variety has a complex resistance to “tomato” diseases, including late blight,
- Tomato responds well to fertilizer and regular watering,
- The first floral ovary is usually located above the seventh leaf,
- up to five tomatoes can form in each brush,
- average fruit weight is 350 grams,
- the lower tomatoes reach sizes of 800-1000 grams, the upper smaller ones - 250-150 grams,
- the shape of the fruit resembles a heart - an elongated ribbed oval,
- tomato color crimson red
- pulp sugary on a break, tasty, very sweet, aromatic,
- Tomatoes are suitable for transportation, as they have a dense peel, their pulp contains a lot of dry substances,
- harvest will not be stored for long, so you need to quickly realize the fruits,
- the root system of this variety is very powerful - the length of the central horse can reach a meter, the side roots often branch 2-2.5 meters from the middle of the bush.
Variety Volove Heart is considered to be a salad, that is, it is best to use fresh tomatoes. These tomatoes make delicious mashed potatoes, pastes and juices. From one kilogram of fruit comes 700 ml of tomato juice. In general, the preserve of the tomato Volovye Heart will not work, as its dimensions are rather large. But in pickled salads and snacks tomato looks great.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Volovye Heart is rather ambiguous: opinions and reviews of gardeners about this tomato are the most controversial. Therefore, it is necessary to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the Heart.
Of the benefits can be called:
- impressive sizes of fruits
- high precision tomato appearance,
- great taste of tomatoes,
- good yield (with sufficient care),
- medium resistance to diseases (which is very important for the late-ripening variety).
The minuses of a heart-shaped tomato are also available:
- for plants need constant and competent care,
- the variety has a long growing season, which is not suitable for all climates,
- Temperature conditions are very important for the Cow Heart - a tomato does not like fluctuations from heat to cold,
- it will not be possible to preserve the harvest for a long time - the fruits spoil quickly.
Volovye Heart Striped
It is easy to recognize the appearance of the fruit: the tomatoes are colored golden-pink, the yellow-green stripes are clearly visible on the peel. Tomatoes are smaller than the predecessor variety - 150-200 grams, but they are very sweet and tasty. It is recommended to grow this subspecies in protected ground. Its ripening period is medium, the bushes are not so high (up to 130 cm).
Attention! The yield of both subspecies is higher than that of the predecessor variety. But the size of the fruit will not be so large (this can be seen in the photo).
To collect a good harvest of large and beautiful fruits, the gardener will have to work hard - The Ox-Heart Loves attention and care. In principle, like most large-fruited late-ripening tomatoes, this tomato prefers well-warmed lungs with sufficient trace element content. Do not forget about the indeterminateness of the bush - the tomato will have to be formed, regularly pinch and control the number of ovaries.
Those who decide to start this sort of tomato in their garden are advised to do the following:
Tip! It is necessary to collect the ripe fruits in time. These tomatoes are not prone to cracking, but they heavily weight the bush, which can lead to its breaking off.
Tomato Volove Heart is not suitable for all gardeners: this tomato needs a warm climate or a greenhouse, it needs nutrient soil and space, the farmer needs to know how to deal with bushes that have an unlimited growth point. But in exchange for all his “whims”, the tomato will bestow a gardener with a generous harvest of some of the largest and most delicious fruits. So it may be worth the effort!
Growing tomatoes Volovye heart
Tomatoes Volovye heart will not leave indifferent any vegetable grower. To grow tomatoes on their land of unusually large size with a unique slightly sweet taste everyone wants. This variety is an achievement of Russian breeders, in 2000 it was officially entered into the State Register. When describing the important characteristics of tomatoes, the Volovye heart is most impressive in the weight of the fruit, which in some cases can reach 900-1000 g. However, the photos of the harvested crop speak for themselves.
Preparing for planting a Pug Heart
The bred variety is considered quite unpretentious, so it is suitable for growing gardeners without much experience. For planting tomatoes in open ground or greenhouse, seedlings are first grown. Planting material is purchased in specialized stores, you can also leave it from the previous successful harvest. Seed quality plays an important role, so pay attention to the shelf life, the integrity of the package. Buy better from trusted suppliers. However, seemingly good seeds can also fail. This happens for such reasons:
- old stale seeds
- defeat vegetable diseases or fungus, the spores of which can even be on the surface of the kernels,
- the rules for preparing planting material for planting were not followed,
- unfavorable conditions for germination.
Reputable manufacturers send for sale a product that has been pretreated with disinfectants and growth stimulants. Buying prepared products do not need to spend extra time, independently carry out the same manipulations, however, this affects the cost. If you are going to prepare seeds, consider all important steps:
- germination test,
- selection of the best grains,
- micronutrients, growth stimulant,
The germination test is carried out a few weeks before sowing: the seeds, wrapped with a cloth, are kept for 24 hours in water with a temperature of about 20-25 ° C, they are periodically taken out and aired. After the fabric with the grains laid out on a saucer, put in a warm place. It is necessary to monitor the constant humidity, to prevent the material from drying out. After 3-4 days, you can try to sow, see whether there will be seedlings.
When selecting seeds for seedlings, they remove small spoiled grains. The larger the seed, the greater the likelihood that a healthy strong plant will grow from it. For disinfection suitable 1% solution of all known potassium permanganate. It is necessary to take 1 g of potassium permanganate, 1 l of water, mix well, put the seeds wrapped in gauze cloth here, hold for 15-20 minutes, not more. In addition to potassium permanganate, there are a lot of special biological products, for example, phytosporin, which is diluted according to the instructions.
Increase germination, increase resistance to disease of tomatoes will help processing a mixture of trace elements. The usual ash will also work: mix 1 teaspoonful with 250 ml of water, insist for a day, lower the seeds, then wash and dry. It is possible to provoke more active germination and accelerated development with the help of growth stimulants, for example, Immunocytophyte, Appin, Zircon.
Before planting pots, seeds are soaked and germinated. To do this, they are laid out on a wet cloth and left in a warm place for 18-20 hours. You do not need to pour a lot of water, the seeds also need oxygen.
Planting seeds for seedlings and caring for tomatoes
The stages of the work done with seeds for planting seedlings may look like this:
- Keeping 1% solution of potassium permanganate, washing with water.
- Immersion for 18-20 hours in Immunocytofit.
- Sprouting on wet gauze.
- Landing in the tank.
Start growing seedlings from the beginning of March at a temperature not lower than 20 ° C and good illumination. After two months, the tomatoes are usually transplanted, approximately to the middle of May. If there is a heated greenhouse, land work can be done at the end of April.
Council To make tomatoes more resistant to adverse weather conditions will be obtained by hardening seedlings, which is carried out before planting. To do this, put the pots in the afternoon outside, give the tomatoes to get used to the temperature.
Best of all, the ox heart grows on well-aerated fertile soils. For a rich harvest, crop rotation is extremely important. Good precursors are carrots, peas, onions, radishes. Normal maturation and development of plants contributes to a sufficient amount of sunlight.
Council If annually tomatoes are grown in the same greenhouse, the ground from the autumn needs to be dug up, be sure to add humus, mineral fertilizers.
When preparing the holes for planting, take into account the size of the bushes: no more than four tomatoes should be placed correctly per 1 m2. Caring for an ox heart assumes proper watering with non-icy water and after the heat of the day subsides, frequent loosening of the soil, periodic feeding. Some growers advise mulching the soil around the plants to preserve moisture. For this variety, it is important to take care of the construction of the support, to tie up the branches in time: taking into account the mass of fruits, the stems can not withstand and break.
Uncomplicated care for tomatoes Volovye heart, sufficient resistance to many common diseases, high yields have made the variety very popular among amateur gardeners, as well as farmers who grow tomatoes for sale.
The variety of tomatoes of the Russian selection of Volovye heart was declared at the very end of the twentieth century. Since 2000, it has been included in the State Register for cultivation in summer cottages and in small farms or private farms throughout Russia. Depending on the climatic conditions grown in open or protected ground. The best yields are obtained in the southern regions of the country.
Description of the variety of tomatoes Volovye heart
The height of shoots in open ground is more than a meter, and in greenhouses it reaches 1.3–1.5 m. The leaves are of medium size. The flowers are simple, collected in inflorescences. A brush is laid over a 9-11 sheet. Stem with articulation. The color of unripe tomatoes is green, but the stalk has a large dark green spot. In ripe fruit juicy intense pink color and heart-shaped form. The surface of the tomato has a slight ribbing. The skin is thin, because of which, in violation of the irrigation regime, the fruit can crack.
Tomatoes of the grade Volovye heart have a thin peel, therefore at flaws of watering can crack
Fruits, especially the first, large. Their weight varies around 150 g, but it reaches 300 g. There are four seed chambers. Tomatoes variety Bullock heart contains a large amount of vitamins B, C, K, A, as well as macro and micronutrients.
Important: in the fruits of tomatoes with pink pulp high selenium content. And this is a trace element that supports immunity, which has pronounced antioxidant activity and proven antitumor activity.
Variety of tomato Volovye heart source of selenium - an important trace element to maintain health
The fleshy pulp of tomatoes is very juicy, fragrant, exceptionally tasty. Not without reason, these tomatoes are recommended for fresh use. It is a pity to subject them to heat treatment or canning.
In fruits of tomato, the ox-heart is fleshy, tender, very juicy pulp. In order not to spill a rich aroma and taste, served on the table, bypassing the heat treatment
Characteristics of a variety of tomatoes Volovye heart
Late-ripening variety with indeterminate growth type. 110–115 days pass from the appearance of the first shoots to ripening. Bushes need a garter and formation. With competent agrotechnology, 6.3–6.9 kg / m 2 is collected. Fresh tomato juice contains almost 5% of dry substances and more than 2% of sugars.
Appreciated for high yield, beautiful shape and large size of raspberry-pink fruits, as well as for a rich, pleasant taste.
Tomato variety Volovye heart is very personable and fruitful
Disadvantage: tender tomatoes do not tolerate transportation and are stored for a short time.
Growing Tomatoes Volovye Heart
To cultivate tomatoes with an indeterminate type of growth in open and protected ground, different approaches are used. Since the temperature favorable for plant development in greenhouses lasts longer, up to seven flower brushes are left on the shoot. In the open field pinch the top over the fifth brush.
Indeterminate varieties of tomato in the open and protected ground lead differently
By limiting the growth of the shoot, we obtain large fruits, since the plant does not spend strength on the formation of new ovaries. If they do not have time to ripen all the fruits, not a problem. In salting these tomatoes are also good.
Due to the long term of the growing season, it is preferable to use a seedling method of growing tomato Bullock heart. Begin to prepare the seedlings in early March:
- Seeds are soaked for 15 minutes in a solution of Appin or Fitosporin. In the absence of them, you can use a light pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then the seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth and left in a plastic bag until they are full.
Soaking allows you to decide: which seeds are viable and which are not.
Planting container is filled with nutrient primer and shed with Fitosporin solution.
1-2 seeds are planted in each cup and buried 1.5 cm in the ground.
Stretched polyethylene film does not allow moisture to evaporate, retains heat, creating a greenhouse effect
Good illumination does not make the seedlings stretch too much.
Hardened seedlings more easily transfer plantations to open ground or greenhouse
Seedlings are planted according to specific weather conditions: in late May or early June. The soil should warm up by this time so that the plants do not experience stress when planting.
A good solution for tomatoes - landing in warm beds. For this, a trench to a depth of half a meter is dug in the fall where it is supposed to grow tomatoes. At the bottom of the trench lay branches, large plant residues, on them smaller twigs, leaf litter, mowed grass, compost and the topmost layer of actually fertile soil in half with humus. Usually warm beds limit high sides. The whole structure is covered with non-woven material, on top of it with dense polyethylene. After winter, this bed sags a little. Due to overheating of plant residues, it releases heat and accumulates organic compounds, so necessary for the growth and development of tomatoes, so the transplanted seedlings are in the most comfortable conditions.
If you prepare in advance such a bed, then you can not feed the bushes with organic matter. The available amount of fertilizer will be enough for planting a tomato this year. The same bed can also be used next year for onions and green crops that are not the most demanding of soil fertility. Planting tomatoes again is not worth it, you need to apply a crop rotation.
The distance between the holes make 45-50 cm. Between the rows, a gap of up to 90 cm is left. Orient plantings in open ground from north to south, so that the plants receive full lighting and heat throughout the day. Immediately after planting, the stem is tied up.
Variety of tomato Volovye heart fruitful and forms large fruits, so the bushes need support
Lead a bush in one or two shoots. As soon as the first flower brush appears, remove all the leaves below. After the formation of each new brush remove all the lower leaves. Be sure to stepchildren, avoiding the germination of stepchildren more than 5 cm. Measures on the breakage of leaves and stepson are held on a hot sunny day to heal wounds faster. It is recommended that the stepchildren be removed not immediately, but in several stages, as the plants are less injured.
Be sure to remove all stepchildren and leaves under floral tassels.
Before planting anything, it is worth wondering what conditions are suitable for him. After buying the plot, I greedy and planted all the seedlings and acquaintances I received from my neighbors and acquaintances, to plant seedlings of tomatoes in one bed, since there was no free space left. So the early Shuttle and Rocket turned out together, cherry tomatoes, round red and pear-shaped yellow tomatoes, cocktail tomatoes and a sickly bush of the Cow's heart. It is likely that the donors of the seedlings said something about the description of the varieties, but I did not remember anything in the pre-plant bustle. Intuitively, having no idea about the indeterminate varieties of tomato, I guessed to stick a long piece of armature near the Pug's heart's shoot and tie it up. Yes, and only after I noticed how large the fruit began to form.
It was the most stupid bed! In addition to the variegated tomatoes, basil and marigolds, phacelia and lettuce were grown there. Surprisingly, that year was lucky with the weather. My efforts to grow tomatoes and everything else were rewarded. While the small tomatoes cracked and fell, the only fruit of the tomato, the ox-heart, slowly poured and rose, filling our hearts with pride and anticipation. The holiday was a success. By the end of August, we cut a monstrous tomato into slices, like a watermelon, and savored it for a long time. It would be dishonest in relation to this handsome subject to be subjected to heat treatment.
Then I did not know how to pinch and limit the growth of shoots, did not pick leaves, sincerely believing that they are needed for photosynthesis. Perhaps knowledge would help get more yield. But that summer made it possible to feel the taste of personally grown fruits, so that you could get a little familiar with the exciting world of gardening. Now I know for sure how much labor needs to be invested in every bush, every sprout before enjoying the taste of its fruits.
Watering tomatoes every 5-6 days. In case of cloudy and rainy weather, water supply is cut off, and in case of drought they are watered more often. If possible, give the water to warm up and settle down, so it is better absorbed and less stress for plants. Apply either drip irrigation or arychny, along the grooves. It is advisable to carry out sprinkling in the southern regions where it is recommended to grow this variety either early in the morning or in the evening when the sun is not scorching so as not to cause a burn on the leaves.
The soil around the bushes loosen, it reduces the evaporation of moisture. Mulching also keeps the soil loose, and also protects the roots from temperature fluctuations, suppressing the growth of weeds and retaining moisture.
Straw mulching to a height of 5–6 cm suppresses the growth of weeds, keeps the soil loose, and prevents excessive evaporation of moisture.
As a rule, the variety of tomato Volovye heart shows resistance to diseases. In order not to provoke possible fungal infections, it is not necessary to plant tomatoes after potatoes or other solanaceous crops: pepper, eggplant, tomato. Even in the vicinity of a potato field, planting tomatoes may suffer - the Colorado potato beetle extends to tomato bushes. Not only diseases, but also pests in the family are common.
When growing a variety in a greenhouse, it is more often to air it in order not to provoke fungal diseases due to high humidity.
Volovye heart tomatoes are so successful that they are grown far beyond the recommended zone. It is understandable, gentle fruits with a rich taste can not be transported, which means you need to try to grow yourself. And if, because of the short summer, they do not have time to ripen, it can be gathered brown and brought home.
Tasty large fruits are grown not only in the southern regions of the country
... And this year, a friend gave seedlings of the Heart of a Cow. He has a sheet like an ephemera, thin and unhappy, and tomatoes - light pink hearts. The yield was two times greater than that of my Bull. Apparently, all health was spent on the fruit, and not on the tops ...
In that year, I planted “Bull Heart” and “Ox Heart” tomatoes, every year I plant 5-6 varieties, something for salads for the winter, some for preservation, some we eat all summer ...
... I liked the ox heart more than the Bull heart, and the fruits are about 250 grams, the raspberry color, although the plant is not tall, but also tied up, because it’s rainy summer, we were afraid that the stalks would fall on the ground and the fruits would begin rotting, there were more fruits than Bull's heart. By the way, the Bull's Heart and the Bull's Heart did not have any diseases, which I was very pleased about. This year I also purchased seeds of tomatoes of these two varieties and will definitely plant them.
Tomatoes differ in taste. Not everyone can understand this because fresh tomato juice is not too different, but professionals say that (at a tomato) “Cow's heart” has a juicy and dense juice. And the taste of this juice is richer in flavor.
“Cow heart” is a variety of late-ripe tomatoes, which have an exceptional “tomato” and sweet taste, which is why it is very popular among gardeners. The grade is unpretentious, well steady, only its only shortcoming, is not long stored. Most often it is used in the summer for salads. It grows up to 2 meters, like other indeterminant varieties, it needs proper care in terms of the garter and the formation of a bush.
Large, juicy, dark pink these tomatoes are not so often found on the market. It seems that everyone who grows a variety of tomatos like an ox heart, wants to keep it. It is understandable ...