Peonies are permanent inhabitants of many beds and gardens. Gardeners love them for the lush, beautiful, gorgeous flowers, rich, sweet aroma, for the simplicity of care and ease of cultivation.
Peonies delight us with a huge selection of varieties and species, differing in shape, color and size of their leaves and flowers.
Such a variety is able to please every florist who wants to have this flower in the garden.
Over the years, peony bushes can grow in the same place, but sometimes there comes a time when the flower still needs to be transplanted.
We will talk about how and when to transplant peonies in this article, because despite all its unpretentiousness, this flower reacts very sensitively to transplantation and, while conducting this operation, you should follow certain rules and conditions. The most important thing is to choose the right time of year when your bushes will best move “moving to a new place of residence”.
Causes of transplantation
Let's talk about the most common causes of peony transplants to a new location.
- One of the reasons for changing the site for your green pets can be too big bushes pomp. Over the years, the plant grows and begins to interfere with all the neighboring inhabitants of your flower bed. At this time, the peony should be seated, rejuvenated, or even completely transplanted to a freer new place.
- Another no less compelling reason for a peony transplant can serve long growing season flower in the same place. This is done so that the flower does not become infected with any diseases and receive a sufficient amount of nutrients.
- The reason for moving the plant can also be site redevelopment. For example, if it is planned to build an arbor at the place where peonies are growing now, plant potatoes or dig a well. Maybe a lot of reasons, most importantly, you should know that the "move" flowers are not perceived very well.
The necessary conditions
In order for the plant's root system to quickly get stronger after transplantation and continue to grow rapidly in the future, it is necessary to create the right conditions for it.
When transplanting peonies, you should choose an open area that is well lit by the sun and not obscured by a fence, neighboring buildings or other plants - this flower doesn’t really like to compete with the neighboring plants, the root system of which is strongly developed. Colors need freedom and plenty of space.
The roots of this plant are very fond of moisture, but a long time in the damp earth can easily lead to rotting. That is why you should not plant your green pets in the lowlands and in places where a high level of groundwater was recorded. Best of all, the flowers themselves will feel in the ground, which has a good drainage layer.
How and when to transplant peonies?
Let's look at when you can transplant a plant to a new location: in the fall or spring? And how to carry out the procedure of transplantation?
Peonies are transplanted in the spring with whole bushes from place to place.. Reproduction and division during this period is not accepted. After wintering, with the onset of summer, the roots of the bushes overgrow with additional suction processes.
They help the plant to take root after the "move" to a new place.
Peon transplantation is carried out in the spring in the shortest possible time, which must be followed: from the moment when all the snow melted, and the air warmed up to at least 7 ° C and until the growing season of the plant begins.
Pit under the bush should be prepared in advance. It is necessary that the land in it was nutritious and loose. The soil can be fertilized with compost, rotted manure or mineral fertilizers of any kind (it is strictly forbidden to use fresh organic). Land can be mixed with a certain amount of sand so that future watering can be carried out more qualitatively.
When digging a bush from the old place, be sure to ensure that its roots remain as safe as possible and are in one pile of the whole earth (earthy coma). It in no way need to scrape, flush or scrape. Place the shrub in a prepared pit, preserving the integrity of the union of the earth and the roots. It remains only:
- bury and fix the bush of peonies in the ground
- carefully tamp it down
- water well.
The plant will grow stronger in a couple of days and further care will be of the same character as before.
Of all the summers, August is best for transplanting flowers.. At this time of year, the weather is no longer as hot as in the middle of summer, but there are still no heavy rain showers that can interfere with the process.
The pit for bushes must be harvested long before it is used for the first time - in about six months.
For the manufacture of excavated round recess about 0.5 m in diameter and a depth of 0.8 m.
At the bottom it is imperative to pour some sand, compost or fresh manure, mix the resulting mixture with the ground, pour over settled rainwater and wait for August to transfer.
At the right time, you need to carefully dig a flower out of the ground with a fork, you can thin it out if necessary, or carefully divide it into several parts. Flower root should have at least six buds. Before planting a peony, it should be disinfected and washed thoroughly.
If you plan to divide the root, then before the procedure it is necessary to sanitize all the tools and lubricate them with potassium permanganate or brilliant green to reduce the risk of infection of the root system with a fungus. After processing the root, gently place the peony bush in a prepared hole. Bury the plant about 5 cm deep, tamp and water the flower.
The process of transplanting flowers in the fall not too different from transplanting in spring or summer.
However, this very method is the most common, since the root system of a plant is at rest before winter.
Roots more easily tolerate the stress of transplanting at this time and will be able to get strong enough for the winter in a new place, so that in the spring you will be pleased with the new flowering.
As usual, it is best to begin transplanting a bush with preparing a new site, or rather, digging a hole. It is necessary to do this in the fall two weeks before the planned “relocation”. Pits under each bush should be:
- 40–50 cm wide,
- 15–20 cm deep.
Water well to our hole. If the ground is very dense, it should be moved with some sand. Before planting, it is recommended to fertilize the land with superphosphate, compost or humus. Do not forget about the drainage layer. The plant will benefit because if you pour some fine pebbles to the bottom of the prepared pit.
Before digging up a bush from an old place, it is necessary to shorten its shoots to about 10−13 cm in length. Digging the roots must be very carefully, moving away from the main stem at a distance of 20 cm.
This is best done using a fork, because with a shovel there is a risk that you will unnoticeably chop off long roots.
You should simply loosen the ground deep enough until the peony bush comes out easily.
As soon as the roots are free, they should be washed, and all rotten shoots (if any) will be removed. To perform the operation it is necessary, again, with very sharp garden shears, which have been pretreated with brilliant green or alcohol. The rhizome then should be briefly immersed in a solution of (weak) potassium permanganate.
When burrowing roots into the ground, be careful that the kidneys do not sink too deep into the ground: 5-7 centimeters will be quite enough. This is very important because, otherwise, they have all the chances to simply rot.
The first two weeks after transplantation, the peonies should not be watered too often, so as not to provoke the decay of the trimmed roots. After some time, you need to adjust the watering, making it regular.
The adjustment depends directly on the condition of the soil - on its moisture. Do not forget to carefully loosen the ground after each irrigation, it will not allow a dry crust to form on the soil surface and provide the roots with the necessary access of oxygen.
As soon as the plant gets stronger, it is necessary to start spuding. A hole should be made around the hole in the spring so that moisture will accumulate in it. Experienced gardeners recommend not to feed the peonies in the first five years after transplantation.
In the spring, after the allotted time, as soon as the first sprouts appear, the plant should be fed with a solution of mullein and water, in a ratio of 1:20, approximately half a bucket for each bush of pions. Feeding is recommended to repeat after the appearance of new buds.
And be sure to remember about weeds - they should be regularly pulled or weeded around ornamental plants.
Explanations and tips
Drainage. If the groundwater rises close to the roots, or you just need to lower their level, dig a drainage hole in the aisle and completely fill it with rubble, broken bricks or pebbles.
The root neck of the plant should be kept slightly above the aisle.
In some articles on plant transplants they write about the creation of a drainage layer at the bottom of the planting pit, however, there is no great need for grassy peonies, but for tree-like ones, this is of great importance. It is necessary to use drainage at a high level of groundwater, where plants are planted on low beds.
Fertilizers. Fertilizers are vital for almost any plant, especially when planting a flower. They will help the roots to be stronger, and also contribute to the good development of the whole plant. Phosphate fertilizers are indispensable in order to prevent brown spots on the leaves over time.
Phosphorus very often forms insoluble compounds when feeding, and then settles at a shallow depth. Organic phosphate fertilizers, such as bone meal, rather than mineral flour, such as superphosphate, remain the best for use, since it gradually decomposes and feeds the flower for quite a long time, which is not very useful.
In the lower layer of top dressing it is recommended to add weathered parted weeds from clay soil. It is clay soil that is able to retain most of the nutrients, unlike peat, sand or podzol.
Top. The top layer in the planting pit should be no less than 5−10 cm. No fertilizer can be added to it, therefore, from above, most often, simply sprinkle the usual loose soil, so that the roots of the flower receive enough oxygen and stretch down all the time.
Suction roots and their features
Each bush of peonies has up to several thousand suction roots, which are practically impossible to see with the naked eye (they are not much thicker than cobwebs). Such roots go vertically down to a very great depth.
It is because of them that it is necessary to dig so deep holes for planting and make a layer of drainage and top dressing if the groundwater is located close enough.
Some growers mistakenly take shorter white roots for suction roots, which are the annual continuation of thick stocking roots. Suction roots appear around the end of September, so it is recommended to harvest delenki and plant peonies from August to September, until they appear, so as not to accidentally damage them.
Now you know that peonies can be transplanted when absolutely necessary at almost any time of the year, the main thing is compliance with all recommendations and simple rules. In this case, your green pets will be able to quickly settle down on a new place and will enjoy the eye with abundant flowering for many years to come.
Peony Transplant - When is Better, Spring or Autumn | Garden| Garden
Peony transplantation is an extremely important process in the cultivation of these beautiful perennials. It depends on the correct execution of this procedure, how abundantly your flowers will bloom (and if at all). With a well-performed transplant of this plant, in one place the peony bush can normally develop about 15-20 years. And it will bloom abundant.
Proper peony transplantation in spring and autumn
For a successful pion transplantation, which can be done in the spring and autumn - there is no difference at all, you just need to fulfill a few mandatory conditions on which, in general, the final result of this procedure depends.
Do not forget about choosing a place for the cultivation of this perennial. Along with Alstroemeria, he loves sunny areas well protected from the winds. Peony prefers loamy, slightly acidic or neutral, permeable, nutritious soil.
Transplantation of this flower is carried out on pre-prepared flowerbeds at the site.
Preparation for peony transplantation
In truth, the best time for peony planting is the end of summer. This procedure can be carried out until October. The ideal days for transplanting this flower are warm rainy days. In this weather, planting material takes root better and starts a lot of young roots.
Some summer residents planted bushes in the spring. April and May are most suitable for this. Sometimes spring planting leads to the death of planting material. This is due to frequent changes in temperature, dry weather and lack of moisture.
When landing in the spring, it is necessary to constantly monitor the soil moisture and water young bushes as necessary.
The root system of adult bushes reaches 70-90 cm in depth, so it is quite difficult to extract it from the ground. We dig up the bush of peonies at a distance of 15-20 cm from the rhizome, and then dig it out with the help of a fork to prevent significant damage to the rhizome of the plant.
In the absence of this garden tool, you can use a shovel. When transplanting very old and overgrown flowers, it is best to use regular scrap. It is necessary for the "loosening" of the bush along with a powerful earthy clod.
After such an action it is easier to take it out of the ground.
The choice of garden tools depends on the size of the plant and the quality of the soil. After extracting the rhizome from the ground, gently shake it off the soil lumps. When sticking wet soil doing peony roots washing with water.
They should be as clean as possible from any contamination. When carrying out cleansing procedures, we take extreme care not to damage the roots and buds of flowers.
If the roots are damaged, they should be treated with wood ash to prevent the pathogenic microorganisms from rotting and penetrating the plant tissue.
After drying a perennial bush that has been dug out, we cut the stems to a height of 5-7 cm. Some summer residents cut the stems before the bush is transplanted, but this action significantly complicates further manipulations with the transplanted plant, so it is best to cut the shoots after digging the bush.
Holes, under the rhizomes of peonies should be prepared for 10-14 days before their transplantation. During this period, the soil in the prepared pit will have time to settle well, and after planting flowers it will not settle.
In this case, it will not be necessary to pour the earth on top of the roots, which leads to an increase in the planting depth of delenok, which is undesirable for this plant.
In the latter case, the peonies, in the future, just do not bloom at all!
Despite the fact that for planting rhizomes of perennial requires a small depth, we prepare a hole for them rather deep. This is especially necessary in areas with poor soil drainage. We dig a hole 50 cm deep.
If there is no natural drainage at the site, we deepen the pit up to 70 cm. For the drainage device, pour claydite or coarse sand into the pit bottom with a layer of 15-20 cm. Fill the hole almost to the top with previously prepared soil.
Composition of soil for peony transplantation
Land for growing these flowers in the suburban areas should be quite loose, moisture and breathable. Its most suitable composition: turf soil, peat, coarse-grained river sand, rotted humus (1: 1: 1: 1). In each hole add a well-mixed mixture consisting of:
- Bone meal - 300-400 gr,
- superphosphate - 70-100 gr,
- wood ash - 300-400 gr.
On fairly poor soils, potash and iron sulfate can be added to this nutrient mixture. Do not forget about fertilizer, if necessary, and, of course, get rid of weeds.
When a peony is transplanted, its roots cannot be buried to great depths. The most optimal depth for the location of the top of the rhizome is 3 (maximum 5) cm from ground level.
Before deepening the roots of flowers in the soil they should be watered abundantly. After planting, mulch the plant with peat or fallen leaves. This will prevent the soil from drying out and increase the chances of plant survival.
In hot weather, planting peonies we water, but in rainy - no.
In the case when the pit for peonies was not prepared in time, and it became necessary to plant the existing rhizomes urgently, planting material should not be dredged into the soil to a depth.
On the loosened soil lay out the parts of the rhizome of the kidneys up, and then simply roll up them. The thickness of the earth layer above the planting material should not exceed 5 cm.
After a few days, the soil will settle, and the roots of the flower will be at the required depth.
Reproduction perennials division
Transplanting this flower is often accompanied by its reproduction by dividing the rhizome into several parts. The number of perennial delenok is determined by the size and age of the transplanted shrub.
If the plant is still quite young (2-3 years), it can not be divided into many parts, because it will develop for a long time to the state of a normal bush.
For reproduction, suitable peonies, which have at least 10 healthy buds on the rhizome.
Before dividing the rhizome into parts, we disinfect the sharp knife. Cut the roots so as not to damage the healthy kidneys. All movements are performed in the direction of up and down.
Normal is considered delenka, which has at least 3 healthy kidneys. Otherwise, the new plant will not be able to bloom for a long time, even with perfect care.
After dividing the rhizomes into parts, we plant them in a permanent place.
Features of peony transplantation in spring
In early spring, peonies are transplanted with a whole shrub, they do not divide during this period. Plant survival is good, as there are many suction roots on the roots. But success depends not only on this - it is important to constantly maintain the soil in a wet state. Well, if the weather is damp, but in the dry spring will have to regularly water the planting.
It is necessary to start transplanting when the snow from the flowerbed has completely disappeared, but the bushes have not yet started to grow. The soil at the new site is prepared in advance: it is loosened, fertilized with sand, humus, compost.
Important! Fresh manure can not be used.
1. The old bush is completely dug out of the ground, trying to keep a lump.
2. Planting pit plentifully watered, set the bush peony and sprinkle it with earth.
3. The soil is tamped, watered and mulched with organic matter.
If mineral fertilizers were introduced into the landing pit, they must be mixed with the ground. Peony roots are fragile, they can burn.
Summer Peony Transplant Tips
The best time for a peony transplant in the summer is August. The heat is no longer so strong, the bushes will more easily transfer the procedure and adapt to a new place.
A landing pit for a summer transplant is prepared for six months. It should correspond to the size of the root system, its width is not less than 50 cm, and a depth of about 80 cm. The bottom of the pit is well drained, half-filled with compost or humus, watered abundantly and left until the end of summer. By the time of planting, the land will completely settle, and the roots will not be exposed after watering.
In August, an old bush of peonies is dug up, divided into parts, thinned. New delenki must have at least 6 buds each. Before planting, delenki are washed under running water and kept in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Important! If the root needs to be separated with a knife, then the instrument is disinfected beforehand.
During planting the roots are buried 5 cm in the ground, then sprinkled with fertile soil and watered. Planting depth is very important, otherwise the plant will refuse to bloom. In the future, peony care as usual.
How do you need to transplant peonies in the fall
Peonies transplanted in the fall, will bloom next spring. During the winter, the bush will rest, gain strength. Transplant is planned for warm days, when there are still two weeks before the expected frosts. That is the time needed for rooting bushes in a new place.
In each region, the transplant dates differ. In the Urals and Siberia, landing time is set aside from mid-August to mid-September. In the suburbs and the middle lane landing need to finish before September 25. In the south of the country, the procedure can be extended until the end of the month.
Instructions for transplanting in the fall:
1. Prepare a pit size of 40 x 50 cm, a depth of at least 20 cm.
2. Cut the old shoots to a height of 15 cm.
3. Dig a bush with a pitchfork in order not to damage the roots.
4. Remove the rotten or dry parts of the roots, if necessary, divide into parts.
5. Plant the plant in a new place, deepening the buds by 7 cm. Deeper planting will lead to rotting of the roots.
For planting, use a mixture of fertile soil with mineral fertilizers or humus.
Instructions for transplanting peonies to bloom
To re-transplanted bush bloomed, you need to properly plant it. First, choose a place where the peony will be grown. It should be a well-lit, dry area without drafts. It is good if the sun hits him in the morning, and in the midday heat the bush will be in partial shade. This will prolong the flowering period. Best fit is the eastern side of the plot.
Important! Peonies are planted away from trees or shrubs, as they block the plant with its shadow. Full development of the bush will be impaired, the flowering is out of the question.
Peonies grow well only in loose, loamy soil. In heavy ground, they grow poorly. The depth of embedding roots depends on the land on the site. If the soil is heavy, then delenki are buried by only 3–5 cm. On light soils, the embedment depth is increased to 7 cm. With deeper planting, the peonies will not bloom.
During the transplantation of pions need to properly plan a flower bed. The distance between bushes for low-growing varieties is about 80 cm, for others up to 110 cm. Tree peonies are planted at a distance of 1.5 m.
Peony care after transplanting
The next year after transplantation, experienced gardeners recommend cutting off the buds so that the bushes are stronger. Then in the future season flowering will be abundant.
After autumn transplantation, the bushes are mulched with a thick layer of humus to prepare the peonies for winter. If this is not done, the roots may die. In spring, the soil under the bushes is loosened.
When caring for peonies, do not forget about pruning shoots. Many gardeners do it wrong. Pruned shoots in late autumn, from mid-October to early November. In two weeks the bushes are fed with phosphorus and potassium.
Important! Earlier pruning of shoots weakens the bush, it does not tolerate winter.
During the trimming of the bush, the shoots are cut completely at the level of the soil. If during this period there is no rain, then the soil around it is plentifully watered. Place the sections treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. All plant residues are removed from the flower beds and burned, they can cause diseases.
Peonies are unpretentious flowers that are easy to grow. If you follow all the instructions, then abundant blooms are guaranteed every year.
When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn?
Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. Peonies delight us with a wide choice of species and varieties, differing in color, shape, size of their flowers and leaves. This variety can please everyone who wants to have this flower in his garden. Peony bushes can grow over the years in the same place, but there comes a time when this flower needs to be transplanted.
We will talk about peony transplantation and when it is better to do this in our article, because this flower, despite its unpretentiousness, is very sensitive to transplanting and it is necessary to carry out this operation observing some conditions. It is especially important to choose the right time of year when it is better for your bushes to “move to a new place of residence”.
When and how to transplant peonies?
We will understand when you can transplant peonies to another place and how to do it correctly.
In the spring, peonies are transplanted from place to place as a whole bush. The division and reproduction in this period are not engaged. After winter, with the onset of heat, the root system of the bushes is overgrown with additional suction roots. They will help the plant take root in the new place after the "move". To carry out the transplantation of pions in the spring to another place stands, adhering to tight deadlines: from the moment all the snow melted and the air warmed to at least 7 ° C, and until the plant's vegetative period begins.
For this you need to prepare a hole in advance for a bush. The earth in it should be loose and nutritious. Fertilize the soil can be rotted manure, compost and any mineral fertilizers (in any case, not fresh organic). You can mix the earth with a small amount of sand.
When digging up a bush from its old place, make sure that the roots are as safe as possible and are in one whole pile of earth. It should not beat, scrape, flush. Preserving the integrity of the root-land union, place the bush in the prepared hole.
August is chosen for peony transplantation in summer. At this time, the weather is not so hot, there are no heavy autumn showers that will interfere with the process.
The pit for bushes is prepared long before it is used - in about 6 months. To do this, dig a round hole, about 0.5 m in diameter, up to 80 cm deep. Put some sand, fresh manure or compost on the bottom, mix this mixture with the ground, pour water on it and wait for August to make a transplant.
At the right time, carefully dig a flower out of the ground with a fork, if necessary, it can be carefully divided or thinned. The root of a flower must have at least six buds. Before planting, it must be washed and disinfected. If you plan to divide the root, all tools must be disinfected and smeared with brilliant green or potassium permanganate so as not to infect the rhizome with fungus. After you have processed the root, mark the bush in the prepared pit. Dig five centimeters, tamp and pour water over the hole.
The process of transplanting peonies in the fall slightly different from transplant at another time of year. However, this is the most common way, because before the winter the plant and its root system are at rest, they will most easily endure the stress of replanting and over the winter will be able to get strong enough in a new place to please their flowering in the spring.
As always, the movement of the bush begins with the preparation of a new place, namely, digging a hole. It is better to do this in the fall a couple of weeks before the planned “relocation”. Pits under one bush should be 40-50 cm wide and 15-20 cm deep. Give plenty of water to the well. If the ground is very dense - mix it with a small amount of sand. Fertilizing soil before planting is humus, compost or superphosphate. Do not forget about drainage. If you put small pebbles on the bottom of the pit, the plant will benefit from it.
Before digging up a bush from an old place, its shoots should be shortened to a length of 10-13 cm. It is necessary to dig up the roots carefully, moving about 20 cm away from the stem. Just loosen the ground deep enough until the bush comes out of it easily.
When the roots are free, they will need to be washed and rid of rotten shoots (if they show up). This must be done, again, sharply sharpened, treated with alcohol or brilliant green, with garden shears. After that, the rhizome can be briefly lowered into a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When burying the roots in the ground, make sure that the kidneys do not sink into the ground deeper than 5-7 cm. This is important, because otherwise they may rot.
Peony Transplant in the Fall
Peonies are transplanted for several reasons - the plant ceased to bloom or the color is crushed, I want to multiply the number of favorite flowers or for some reason urgently need to change the place of residence of the bush.
When replanting peonies is the choice of a gardener, but it is best to move in August-October: the bush has already faded, the heat has subsided, and the autumn rains are still far away.
The flower will have time to adapt to a new place of residence before winter, and by the time of growth and vegetation the roots will get stronger, and all the energy of large flowers will be directed to growth. Why before the rainy season? To cut the roots do not soak up a lot of moisture and simply did not rot.
For different regions, the transplant dates differ:
- • When to transplant peonies in the fall in the Moscow region, in the North-West and in the Central zone: the transplantation begins from August 20 and lasts until September 25.
- • When replanting peonies in autumn in Ukraine and southern Russia: from September 1 to September 30, with dry weather, transplantation of peonies in the fall can be extended until October.
- • When to transplant peonies in autumn in Siberia and the Urals: from August 20 to September 20.
In principle, a pion transplantation operation after flowering can be performed at any time of the year, but it is better in the fall that the plant has time to adapt for the winter after the move is the best option. In any case, the process begins with the selection of a site and digging a hole.
The future location of the flower bed should not be in the shade, because the flowers love the light, located away from the walls that block the sun and shield the heat in the flowerbeds.
Peony transplant in spring
Peonies - flowers that can grow in one place until 50 years old, these large flowers do not like frequent transplants, especially in spring. Experienced gardeners strongly recommend that any manipulation of the move in the fall, with the exception of peony transplantation by transferring the bush (young) with a clod of earth.
But circumstances are different. With spring peony transplantation, the rule is that the sooner the better. Therefore, the process should begin as soon as the snow melts. Flooding of the soil with melted snow can also be a good reason for changing the location of the bush.
When to replace peonies in spring? Planting begins before the beginning of the growing season, otherwise it is easy to disrupt the root system during transplantation. Peonies transplanted from one place to another in spring are stunted.
With proper planting and proper care, the survival rate of the plant in the spring is quite high. It is categorically not recommended to divide peonies in the spring, just move the large flowers to another place.
How to transplant peonies to a new place
Grown bushes will need a lot of space, it is advisable to dig holes for planting at a distance of 1-1.5 meters. Since it is necessary to plant peonies to a depth of no more than 5-8 cm (more - the bush will rise for a long time, less - it will freeze in winter), a large hole will not be needed: 15 cm deep enough, 40 - in diameter.
Fertilizer is placed on the bottom of the prepared pit - humus, manure, other organic matter. To add looseness, you can add sand, if the soil is sufficiently ventilated, this step will be superfluous. Move the divided and decontaminated shrub and prikopat, forming a hill with a height of 10 cm. Plentifully water the bush, if desired, mulch the plant with peat or humus.
To transplant peonies in the fall to another place, it is necessary to prune the bushes, leaving about 20 cm of twigs and dig them in a radius of 20 cm. In order not to damage the rhizomes of peonies during transplantation, it is better to dig a flower with a fork. Dig a shrub so that the root system easily leaves the ground.
The roots are washed, pruned broken and rotted, treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. To root become more elastic, it is recommended to put the plant in the shade for a couple of hours. Weathered root is not so fragile.
Now you can proceed to move. It is worth noting that the transplant does not depend on which sorts of pions you want to move on the site, with the exception of the tree peony.
If the plant is 4 years old and you need to multiply it - it's time to transplant pions after flowering to separate the roots. After the root system has been removed and removed from the soil, inspect it.
Specimens with six or more kidneys are suitable for separation, since at least 3 buds should be left on the separated cut part. We dry the root, cut it with a disinfected knife, process it with a light solution of manganese and proceed to the landing. By the spring large flowers will get stronger and can please flowers.
Well-known gardeners recommend cutting off the first color so that the plant is better rooted, and in the second year it’s good to enjoy plenty of flowering.
Useful tips on peony transplantation
Peonies - beautiful flowers that do not require special care, but proper planting will help the plant to get sick faster and begin to bloom.
Seasoned growers recommend to follow a few simple rules:
- • During spring transplantation, the air temperature outside should reach +10 ° С, and the earth should warm up to +3 ° С - it is at this temperature that the growth and formation of the roots of the bush begins.
- • Flowers are unpretentious to the soil - in the soil with sand the bush will bloom faster, but will quickly lose its decorative effect, in clay soil the appearance of a peony will delight longer, but flowering will come with a delay.
- • After transplantation, the plant requires careful attention to itself for a year until it gets stronger.
- • When choosing a new site, pay attention to the bright, protected from drafts places - the shadow can stop flowering.
- • Avoid abundant watering, especially after dividing the roots - the bush quickly gathers moisture, it can rot.
- • For the same reason, when choosing a place, pay attention so that melt and rainwater do not flow to the bushes.
- • During transplantation, be sure to feed the plant, make drainage in the pit.
- • At the new place with proper care, the bush blooms for 2-3 years. If there is no blooming, it is possible that there is little moisture and nutrients in the soil. To correct the situation, feed the flower. Can cause the wrong depth of planting or poor shelter bush for the winter, the lack of light on the site. The situation can be corrected with an additional transplant.
When we transplanted peonies, we explained successful manipulations to you!
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When is it best to transplant peonies?
Below is information on when it is best to perform this procedure:
- The end of the summer and the first of September they are the most suitable time for transplantation, since during this period the weather is still warm and there is still no heavy precipitation. If this procedure is carried out at this time and according to all the rules, the bush will begin to bloom next year, because during the winter the peony root system will have time to get used to the peculiarities of the soil in a new place and will continue to develop, actively absorbing moisture.
- Spring can also be done plant transplantation, but in this case, the peony is most likely not to bloom this summer, as it will need a certain period for adaptation. Until it becomes completely addictive to a new place, the plant will be weakened and susceptible to various diseases. Most often, a spring transplant is carried out only in cases where the pion is in real danger, for example, if rodents damage its root system.
- Last spring weeks and most of the summer - this is the period when Peony transplantation is strictly prohibited. At this time, the rhizome has not yet had time to acquire special suction roots, but it already has small and very fragile buds, which are very easy to damage by replanting the shrub. If this happens, the peony will simply die, as it will not be able to eat at the new place.
It is important not only to choose the right period for peony transplantation, but also to carry out this process correctly. Its main features and rules that must be followed are listed below:
- A few weeks before transplanting at a new place, it is necessary to prepare special pits. Their diameter, as well as the depth, should be about half a meter, the distance between the pits should be at least one meter. Depth can be increased by 15-20 cm, if it is assumed the presence of an additional drainage layer. The bottom of the pits is filled with small stones or sand, and then it is repeatedly watered with water, which should ensure good soil subsidence in this place.
- It is necessary to cut the leaves during transplantation, leaving the stems from 5 to 10 cm longIn the place where the rhizome of the transplanted bush will be located, the soil should be additionally fertilized. To do this, you can mix the same amount of wood ash, black soil, manure and peat. Immediately before planting a bush, this mixture should be placed in pits and mixed with ordinary garden soil.
- In the old bush it is necessary to cut the stems so that only hemp 5-10 cm in height remains. It is especially difficult to transplant old plants that are already more than 8 years old, because they have a large rhizome, and it is very easy to damage it when digging. For this reason, it is recommended to stop using the shovel and replace it with a fork. Scrub bush carefully and without sudden movements, at a great distance from the stem. If the working tool feels an obstacle in the soil, then the distance must be increased, since this may be part of the root.
- If traces of decay are found in a dug-out rhizome, such places should be cut with a knife, and the place immediately treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- If transplanting is done in the spring, This rhizome is forbidden to be washed, decontaminated or separated, since the plant will have a difficult period of adaptation to a new place without it.
After all the described actions are completed, the most difficult will be left behind. It remains only to transfer the pion to the dug and prepared pits to plant in a new place, and then wait until it takes root and begins to bloom.
Peonies bloomed: what to do?
Many novice growers wonder what they need to do with peonies after they have bloomed and many immediately begin to trim them completely, which is a gross mistake, because during this period the buds are laid, which will contribute to the flowering of the bush for the next season.
Instead, the following activities are required:
- Wait 10-14 days after completion of flowering and feed the bush. Mixtures are the best during this period, the main components of which are phosphorus and potassium.
- Perform only partial circumcision, after which the lower part of the peduncle with several leaves should remain.
Despite the fact that peonies are forbidden to fully trimmed immediately after the flowering period, they need to be carried out in the fall, this is part of preparing the plant for the winter cold.
Pruning should be done in accordance with the following rules:
- The most successful period for cutting the bush is the end of October. or the first days of November, just shortly before the onset of cold weather. In some regions, pruning time may differ from that indicated due to the peculiarities of the local climate regime.
- Trimming earlier than the deadline is not allowed., because it will significantly weaken the pion, so that it will be susceptible to various diseases and may die or stop blooming next season.
- Trimming must be complete, flush with the ground, so as not to leave even very small hemp stalks.
- If precipitation is not expected, then the area near the rhizome must be further watered.
- You can not leave on the site where the bush grows, cut leaves or stems, as they begin to rot over time and can cause peony disease.
- After trimming the bush, you can additionally feed the soil, It is best to use a small amount of wood tar and bone meal for this purpose.
It must be remembered that pruning pions in the autumn time is very important if it is not carried out in a timely manner and transferred to the spring months, this process will be much harder, because the shoots will become softer, which will complicate the work with shears.
Caring for peonies is quite easy and will not cause much trouble, even beginner growers. It consists in the following:
- The first sprouts of pions must be irrigated with Bordeaux liquid.
In early spring, after the soil has thawed, the peonies need to be watered. special solution. To obtain it in 10 liters of water is added 2-3 gr. potassium permanganate. The specified volume should be enough for watering two bushes at once. This will not only accelerate growth, but is also the prevention of a number of diseases.
Flowering after transplanting
Sometimes after a transplant, the peony suddenly stops blooming, there may be several reasons for this problem:
- Wrong place for planting bush. The most favorable are sunny places or where penumbra reigns, as well as small elevations. If the bush does not receive a sunny color at all, then it is guaranteed that it will not bloom.
- Incorrectly determined depth of landing is one of the most common causes. To determine the optimal parameter, it is necessary to find a kidney on the root and bury it to a depth equal to 3-4 fingers from this point. If the root is buried even deeper, the peony will not die, but it will begin to bloom much later.
- During transplantation, the root was divided, and the delenki turned out to be too small. In such a situation, the peony will still begin to bloom, but only after a few years, since it takes a certain amount of time to develop.
- Too frequent transplantingthat takes a significant amount of power from him. This procedure should be carried out no more than 1 time in 5 years.
Choosing the right time
It is important to know when you can plant peonies. The main reason for transplanting may be an overgrown bush.when it gets too big. This is bad for the development of the bush and flowering. Flowers become smaller, and their number begins to decrease. That's when the time of the pion transplantation comes. If you do not, flowering every year will be less. You can simply rejuvenate the plant by dividing the overgrown bush. Perhaps there was a desire to have a few bushes of a flower or transplant to another place.
It should be remembered that the bush younger than five years is undesirable to disturb, because they are very sensitive during transplantation. Their fragile roots can be easily damaged. You need to be extremely careful when transplanting and dividing the roots. Peony transplantation when it is better, it is important to know every gardener.
The most favorable period for transplanting and dividing the bush is the end of August and the beginning of September. At this time, the plant has faded and gained strength for further development. Soon they will have a period of rest, and they will safely endure division and transplantation.
Spring flowers transplant
Peonies can be transplanted in spring, although many experts advise against this. This should be done in a short time, when the air has already warmed up to seven degrees, and the ground is still wet. A flower sprouts should not be more than 15 cm. Gardeners completely dig the entire shrub, trying not to damage its roots. To do this, dig a bush in a circle at a distance of 50 centimeters to dig a flower with a clod of earth. In this case, the roots will remain the most.
Choosing a place for pion, you need to take into account his preferences. It is best to choose the east side. These flowers love long sun illumination. and do not tolerate the shadows. Therefore, they should be planted away from buildings, bushes and trees, which take all food from the soil. Drafts have a bad effect on them.
Pit for planting dig in advance. It must be at least 70 cm. Fill it with the prepared mixture. To do this, take in equal parts:
The flower prefers nutritious soil, so you need to add a little fertilizer to the mixture. You can take urea, superphosphate. Be sure to cover the fertilizer with soil so that the roots do not come into contact with it, because it can burn them and harm the plant.
Plentifully watered pit prepared for transplanting plants. Put the excavated bush of peony into it and gently sprinkle it in a circle with soil and tamp it down. You can water the bush from above.
It is advised that after spring transplantation, not to allow the plant to bloom. Appeared buds must be cut off. The flower needs strength to recover and grow further. Flowering takes a lot of power.
It is better to transplant and divide pions when they have faded and gained strength and nourishment.The most favorable time for this is the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. At this time, the roots and the plant are at rest, so the transplant is less painful. Over the long winter, the peonies in the new place will get stronger in order to grow well in the spring. Experts say that full-bloom after transplantation can be observed only after three years. It is possible even after five years not to wait for flowering, if the peony is planted incorrectly.
Features of the autumn procedure
In order to transplant a peony in the autumn, you need to dig a hole 70 cm deep and 50 cm wide a few weeks before. Water it several times during this time so that the ground is covered. Pruned on the bush the entire above-ground part, leaving ten centimeters. If we are talking about a simple transplant of a bush, you can simply plant it, as in the spring, by a method of transshipment, and water it well.
- For reproduction and division they dig up a bush with the help of a pitchfork. They do not hurt the roots as much as a shovel.
- The dug up bush is freed from the ground and washed.
- Carefully inspect the roots.
- Damaged or rotten roots are removed with a pruner or sharp garden knife.
- All tools that use must be processed.
- Place slices must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or ash.
- You can soak the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate or a growth stimulator. This procedure will help the flower to adapt and settle down faster.
The division should be carried out, considering the kidneys. For a full flower, six is enough. From a large bush can go two or three parts, which further grow into separate bushes. Thanks to this division, gardeners propagate flowers. When planting a flower, you need to carefully monitor not to sprinkle the buds. Five centimeters is enough for normal growth.
The first time after planting the peony should be watered frequently. For the winter, the transplanted flower should be covered with spruce, compost, or peat. In the future, care for him will be standard: weeding, feeding, watering.
The first two years the young plant will spend all its strength on building roots. Even if the buds appear, they must be removed. With proper division and landing after a while, you can get gorgeous peony bushes.