Calf diarrhea - what to do? This question is now relevant for many farmers. Diarrhea in young cows is one of the most common diseases and most often causes the death of calves. Despite the fact that private farms and livestock farms collide with this disease often and everywhere, they have not yet effectively learned how to prevent and treat it. Helping for diarrhea in 100% of cases, the medicine for calves is not currently developed.
Causes of calf diarrhea
The causes of illness lie in unformed immunity. Diseases of calves (especially newborns) are mostly due to the lack of protection of a small organism in front of environmental factors. Immunity in babies is not yet formed and is practically unable to resist bacteria, microbes and other irritants.
Sometimes the cause of diarrhea, overtaking from 50 to 100 percent of young cows and in 60% of cases leading to death, becomes an unhealthy diet. Even the slightest deviation from the rules can provoke a disease. True, to cure a calf in this case is quite realistic even without the use of medical preparations. But if diarrhea has become a consequence of the seized virus, it is much more difficult to fight it. And folk remedies can not do.
What is the risk of diarrhea?
Even if you managed to save the calf and cure diarrhea, this insidious sore for a long time will affect the well-being of the animal and its development. Calves suffering from diarrhea are lethargic and have poor appetite. They lag far behind their peers in weight. After all, in just one day of diarrhea, the baby loses about 5-10% of its mass (it leaves with the liquid), and it will take time to recover the lost. As a rule, weight returns to normal at 20 days of age. But for a long time the dynamics of his recruitment will be slow, and in the future, females who have had diarrhea in childhood will give less milk.
Types of diarrhea in young cows
Diarrhea in calves, depending on the cause, is of different types. Consider the main ones.
- Diarrhea in newborns. It happens in very small animals (from one to seven days old). Caused by the features of acclimatization of the newborn organism. With proper care, proper nutrition and the use of some folk remedies, it takes about three days and does not carry a serious threat to life.
- Diarrhea caused by improper feeding. Foods that contain too much salt, as well as nitrates, toxins, toxic metals, and moldy fungi that have entered the body of the calf with food, can cause serious food poisoning. Often in such cases, the calf has diarrhea with blood, and it is not easy to cure it.
Viral diarrhea — the course of the disease and the chances of recovery depend on the degree of damage to the body. The type of virus also matters. For example, diarrhea, which is a consequence of the strain E. coli, is characterized by profusion. The disease is acute, in almost 100% of cases, its occurrence provokes poisoning with toxins and sepsis, leading to death. Rotavirus infections cause profuse diarrhea, accompanied by depression of the animal, loss of appetite, fever, etc. The excrement of feces has a straw-yellow color, a sour odor and a watery consistency (sometimes in the feces mucus).Similar symptoms in diseases caused by coronavirus infection. Only the feces are yellow-green in color, and the body temperature is either normal or lowered.
How to treat diarrhea medication
Calf diarrhea - how to treat it? Noticing the slightest health problems in the baby, it is best to consult a doctor. The summoned veterinarian will determine the cause, make a diagnosis and prescribe treatment. If diarrhea is triggered by viruses or food poisoning, it is more likely to be medical. There are main types of drugs.
- Preparations for oral rehydration. Fight dehydration and restore salt loss. They contain potassium, sodium, chlorine, glucose, sucrose, etc. They are sold in the form of powders from which solutions are made. Act quickly and without side effects. No contraindications.
- Sorbents. Interfere with intoxication.
- Stimulate intestinal motility. The absorption of digested food is almost not affected, but the tone and motility are reduced.
- Enzymes Appointed in cases where diarrhea is caused by enzymatic disorders of the digestive system.
- Probiotics. Adjust the physiological balance of intestinal microflora. There are microbial and non-microbial origin.
We treat diarrhea in the calf: folk remedies
There are many popular methods of dealing with diarrhea in young cows. They have been tested for centuries and are now used in cases when diarrhea is caused by feeding errors, and the disease is mild. They can also be used in the treatment of more complex abnormalities in combination with medication. Diarrhea in a calf - how to treat it from folk remedies? Consider the most popular and effective methods.
- Infusion of onions. Prepared on the basis of saline (8.6 grams of salt, dissolved in 1 liter of boiling water). The solution should be poured into the bottle (capacity - 2.5-3 liters), to the cork of which a siphon with rubber tubes and a special clip is attached. Then chop 200 grams of onion (with red scales) using a meat grinder or grater and add to the solution. Shake the mixture for a couple of minutes. Carefully pour 100 grams of sunflower oil along the side of the bottle so that it completely covers the surface of the solution. It is possible to store the prepared means no more than two days. The solution is extracted using a siphon and give the animals three to five milliliters per kilogram of weight. Reception mode: five times in a row every hour.
- Tea nutritious mix. In 1 liter of black tea tea leaves, cooled to the temperature of fresh milk, dissolve the proteins of three chicken eggs and 1 part tablespoon of salt. The dose is 10 grams per kilogram of calf weight.
- Beet Juice They are successfully treated for bloody diarrhea, applying at the very beginning of the disease in the form of enemas. 3-4 doses of 300 ml are administered at a time. Repeat every 2 hours. This procedure can quickly cure even the most severe forms of diarrhea. If the calf is absolutely tiny, half a liter of beetroot juice will suffice. For older individuals it needs 3-4 liters.
Other folk remedies
Well helps with diarrhea decoction of oats. Oat grains of high quality are poured with water in the proportion of 1:10 and boiled over low heat for 6-8 hours. Filter and give the baby. You can water the calf from a saucepan or from a small bucket.
Calf diarrhea - what else to do in such cases? You can apply decoctions from some other plants. Hypericum, serpentine, pine needles, flax, chamomile and other herbs are very popular. Their broth watered sick kids.
General advice from a veterinarian for diarrhea in calves
Calf diarrhea - how to treat? It is better not to rely only on folk remedies, but also to turn to a paramedic. The invited veterinarian at home, in addition to specific treatment, is likely to give universal recommendations to combat diarrhea. For example:
- drink plenty of water.
- diet (salt solutions instead of colostrum, electrolytes in parallel with the intake of milk, etc.).
- strict diet.
- cosiness and comfort. Sick calves are often cold, so the room in which they are located must be warmed.
Prevention of diarrhea in young cows
Calf diarrhea - how to treat? The means and methods described above. However, any problem is easier to prevent than to solve. Including diarrhea in calves. If you follow the basic rules for the care of young animals, in most cases the disease can be avoided.
- It is important to vaccinate cows to prevent viruses from entering their bodies and calves - with milk or colostrum.
- Colostrum should be of high quality and in sufficient quantities.
- The boxes where calves are kept must be dry and clean. They should be put in order before the baby is born.
- It is desirable to minimize the contact of the calf with manure of other animals - there may be pathogens in it. It is better to isolate the newborn from everyone except the mother.
- The dishes in calves should always be clean, and food - quality.
- It is important to comply with the hard mode of the day
- In order to prevent diarrhea of calves, from the age of six days, from time to time you can drink yogurt and lime water.
Never hope that the disease will pass by itself. In order to prevent complications, it is better to use folk remedies, and also to call the veterinarian, who after the examination, will prescribe medication.
To facilitate the diagnosis of the disease you need to pay attention to how the disease proceeds. Each infectious disease has its own manifestations. From the correctness of the diagnosis will depend on the effectiveness of the treatment. The farmer must provide the veterinarian with the most complete information about the color of the feces of the sick calf, their consistency, and inform him of the temperature of the animal and other observations.
What you should pay attention to:
- The color of feces is white, yellow, greenish.
- The consistency is frothy, watery, mucous, mixed with blood.
- The smell of feces - sour, putrid.
- Frequency of bowel movements.
- Thermometer indicators (with rotavirus infection, the temperature is elevated, with coronavirus - normal).
- The condition of the mucous membranes - whether there are ulcers on them.
The more accurate and complete the information, the higher the chances of survival, because an error in making a diagnosis means that the treatment will be appointed incorrectly.
Reference. Calves that have had a severe viral infection at an early age will most likely be less productive in the future.
It is important to know that when diarrhea in calves is treated at home, milk is excluded from the animal’s diet, since it is not only not absorbed in intestinal disorder, but also aggravates its condition. The patient should be kept separately from other individuals in a warm and dry room. Medicines used for diarrhea:
- Antibacterial drugs.
In most cases, it is the rapid dehydration that leads to the death of the young. It is important not to let the total fluid loss be more than 10%. To replenish it in the body, various solutions containing salts are used - potassium, chlorine and other substances. Glucose is administered intravenously. The salt balance is restored in the same way if the animal refuses to drink on its own.
To improve the well-being of the animal, it is necessary to remove toxins from the intestines. For this purpose, sorbents are used. The veterinarian may recommend taking probiotics and enzymes to restore the broken intestinal microflora and restore its work.
The main role in the treatment of infectious diseases is given to antibiotics.For the destruction of the pathogen select antibacterial drugs with a broad spectrum of action. The dosage and duration of the course of treatment is chosen individually, depending on the weight of the sick calf.
You can not fully rely on folk remedies, if the calf has diarrhea. However, in parallel with medical treatment of their use is allowed.
A decoction of cereals will help restore strength, it can be given to the animal in the first days of the disease instead of milk. To make a decoction you need to take:
- 150 grams of oats or barley.
- Litere of water.
Water is brought to a boil, grits, pre-washed, poured into a saucepan and cook for an hour on the very low fire. Means insist under the lid for 1 hour, filter through a sieve. The resulting broth is brought to the original volume with boiled water and allowed to drink to the sick animal in a warm form several times a day in 500 ml.
Flax Seed Broth
For cooking means you need:
- Litere of water.
- 50 grams of flax seed.
In an enamel saucepan, bring the water to a boil, pour out the seeds, reduce the fire to the minimum value. Continue cooking 60 minutes. Set aside the dishes, cover tightly with a lid and wrap with a towel. The tool must infuse. After straining, we bring the decoction to the original volume. With this liquid otpaivat calves 2-3 times a day.
Plantain has astringent and disinfectant properties. From it, the broth is prepared for the young in this way - 100 grams of crushed plantain raw material is poured into a liter of boiling water. The tool should simmer on low heat for 20 minutes, after which it is insisted for 1 hour. A glass of filtered broth is allowed to drink to animals before feeding for 20-30 minutes.
Attention! Folk remedies cannot replace antibiotic therapy if the cause of diarrhea is infection.
Than diarrhea in calves is fraught
This pathological disorder of the digestive processes in the body of the young, even after the complete elimination of its signs, manifests its deceit and affects the general health of the calves for a long period of time. The development and growth of young stock after suffering diarrhea slows down.
Diarrhea of newborn calves leads to a decrease in appetite, lethargy and significant weight loss. During the day during diarrhea, the baby can lose up to 10% of the entire mass of its body, which is lost with the excreted fluid from the body.
Due to prolonged diarrhea, calves lose significant weight.
In order to then restore the previous weight, it will take a lot of time and careful care of the baby. Restoration of the previous weight is possible by the age of 20-25 days, but the subsequent development of the calf will not be so intense.
Individuals who have had diarrhea at a young age will no longer become high-deserted cows, and the quantitative volume of milk will be somewhat lower than that of a normally developing calf.
Types of diarrhea in young
The development of diarrhea in young calves can have the following forms of flow, depending on the reasons for its occurrence:
In most cases, calves with the development of the last form of diarrhea have blood streaks in the composition of feces. Treatment of this manifestation of diarrhea is a rather complicated process, which does not always end successfully.
Esherihoz in calves
Violation of the stool in the calf caused by the bacterium U. coli is called escherichiasis.
Infection most often occurs in the first week of a calf’s life and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- intense exhaustion on the background of severe diarrhea,
- development of septicemia, that is, the process of blood infection,
- subsequent death.
Attention! According to statistics, 45-70% of young stocked in whole milk is susceptible to the development of Escherichiosis, which, without proper treatment, leads to the death of the animal.
Rotovirus Infection and Coronovirus
The emergence of rotavirus infection in a young animal, not under a week old, is accompanied by the development of the following symptoms:
When rotavirus infection calves refuse to eat, become lethargic.
- vivid manifestation of lethargy and apathy towards the whole world,
- refusal to eat
- temperature rise,
- loose stools, the consistency of which may contain yellow mucus,
- The last stage of dehydration of the calf can reach a critical limit.
Timely treatment of the rotavirus form of infection of the baby’s body will help avoid death.
The parasitic microorganism Coronovirus is able to cause diarrhea in calves in the first two weeks of their life. It is accompanied by the development of green, or yellow, loose stools with blood and mucus. Develop ulcerative lesion of the oral cavity. At the final stage of the development of pathology, a decrease in body temperature is observed, and frothy saliva can also be formed.
Cryptosporidia in calves
Young animals are exposed to cryptosporidia from 8–9 to 21 days, especially in winter or spring. It is important to remember that the insidiousness of defeat by cryptosporidia lies in the fact that after recovery, the calves are carriers of this infection for the next 8 months.
Cryptosporidia have a high level of resistance to the effects of disinfectants and can survive in adverse conditions up to 18 months.
The defeat of the body of the calf with this type of infection causes white diarrhea with mucus. Death occurs in 50% of cases.
With the observance of preventive measures for keeping pets, with the occurrence of diarrhea and other equally serious pathologies, cattle can never be encountered at all.
Among the most important methods of prevention are the following:
- Ensuring favorable conditions of detention in compliance with sanitary standards.
- The correct technique of feeding with colostrum.
- Rationalized diet of fresh cows.
- Milk should not be more than 38 degrees.
- Clear feeding mode.
- Washing and disinfecting drinking bowls and buckets for feeding after each meal.
- Limit the amount of food eaten, it is impossible to prevent overeating.
- When choosing a milk substitute, you need to stop your choice only on high-quality products.
Ventilation must be provided in the cow and calf housing to ensure air circulation if necessary. Sanitary conditions of cleanliness and timely disinfection in the room will not allow the emergence of pathogenic microflora and cause various pathologies in domestic animals.
Prevention of diarrhea is to keep the calves on a clean and dry bedding.
General recommendations of a veterinarian with diarrhea in young
Specialists of the veterinary profile in most cases with the struggle of loose stools in calves are recommended:
- To provide free access to clean water, the sick animal should drink as much as he needs.
- Replace colostrum with saline solutions.
- Follow a strict feeding regime.
- Create a warm and cozy environment for the maintenance of the sick calf.
In 65% of cases with the development of diarrhea in young animals with late treatment, death occurs, so it is very important to consult a veterinary specialist in a timely manner for the appointment of timely and effective treatment.
Causes of diarrhea
Why do cows and bulls develop diarrhea? How to cure a one-year-old bull? To stop the viral diarrhea of calves, you need to consider various manifestations of the disease.
The first sign of the appearance of diarrhea in the calf is a weakened immunity of the livestock. Since at the initial stage of the development of the calf the immune system is practically absent, the development of various pathologies is not excluded. After birth, the calf's immunity may weaken.When caring for cattle, you need to pay attention to the following:
- correct feeding of animals
- does the livestock housing meet all the requirements (it must be built, following the rules of hygiene),
- compliance with the diet,
- Feed calves with good quality grass.
The animal can be heavily carried due to food poisoning. Sometimes this problem is fatal to livestock. Only the owner can prevent this, since it is he who chooses which menu for animals should be.
The first sign of calf diarrhea is weakened cattle immunity.
There may also be problems when the calf is weaned from the mother's milk and taught to other feed. Because of a weak ventricle, animals cannot digest most of the food provided. It is through food that bacteria and parasites enter the livestock organism.
Note! Often, diarrhea with blood causes eating or drinking milk to irritate the tender walls of the stomach. Treat animals from intoxication immediately.
Viruses every day enter the body of young cattle. Diarrhea with blood is much more dangerous than usual, it differs in transience and numerous secretions. As a result, often calves die from exhaustion.
Yellow diarrhea with watery discharge, accompanied by high fever, occurs due to rotavirus infection. And the coronovirus causes ulcers, a decrease in temperature, a weakening of the immune system. At this moment it is very important to help the animal.
White diarrhea is manifested due to colibacillosis infection, which enters the body with dirty milk.
Calf vilifies what to do? Of course, help. But in no case do not close your eyes, as often such a problem leads to the death of livestock. Before the performance of the month, the calf owner must monitor the slightest changes in the lives of animals.
Colibacteriosis and salmonellosis
The cause of diarrhea can be an infectious disease colibacteriosis. This pathology is diagnosed in animals in the first week of life. It occurs as a result of eating poor-quality food, due to lack of vitamins and improper care. Ailment is transmitted through colostrum.
Antibiotics, drugs for toxins, serum with hyper immune function help to cope with the problem. To improve the effect chamomile infusions, decoctions of oak bark and St. John's wort are used.
The cause of diarrhea can be an infectious disease colibacteriosis
Another cause of diarrhea in calves is salmonellosis. This is also an infection that has a devastating effect on livestock. Animals die in a week. If the calf is sick, then in a mild form, he can get sick on his own, and all the symptoms will disappear. In severe form affects the respiratory tract, which leads to the development of pneumonia, and hence the death of the animal.
Important! To avoid the development of these infectious diseases, it is necessary to vaccinate livestock regularly.
This infection affects the young and often leads to the death of the animal. The disease occurs in acute and chronic forms. In time to diagnose the disease can be on the following symptoms:
- feverish state
- body temperature 40 ° C
- diarrhea with mucus.
A few days later the diarrhea disappears, but the calf begins to have tears. There are cases when a liquid flows out of the nose. Youngsters begin to cough.
Important! Often parotitis contributes to the defeat of the limbs. The animal hardly rises, swelling of the joint is seen, convulsions appear.
The treatment is carried out as follows:
- caffeine sodium chloride is administered intravenously,
- calves are given laxatives (senna decoction, rhubarb root drink), as well as linen decoction,
- Furazolidone 5 mg / kg animal mass, levomycetin, sufamycin three times a day.
Deprive appears on some areas of the skin. In calves, the disease most often affects the head (ears, nose, cheeks). Over time, these organs begin to peel.If you do not take action on time, versicolor will continue its spread and go to his feet, stomach.
Treat deprive by the following means:
- vaseline ointment with 20% tar,
- connect 1 part of turpentine and 2 parts of tar,
- copper sulphate - 20%,
- Iodine tincture - 10%
- hydrochloric acid - 20%.
From the above means make lotion.
Deprive appears on some areas of the skin
Signs of diarrhea
Symptoms of cattle intoxication are visible on the surface. To determine the pathology in time, you need to know how it manifests itself in the initial stage. Symptoms of diarrhea are as follows:
- dehydration (the calf starts drinking more water than usual)
- eye drop
- dehydration of the skin,
- gritting teeth
- general state of lethargy.
Treatment of cattle intoxication
Calf vilifies what to do? What folk remedies to use? Every farmer asks these questions when he sees clear signs of intoxication of livestock. You need to follow a specific instruction:
- Get rid of the cause of diarrhea (antibacterial drugs, serum, drugs in powder form). Well help means rediar and metronidazole.
- Subject cattle to rehydration therapy (make intravenous injections, give more water).
- Drink with vitamins.
- To carry out anti-inflammatory treatment.
Important! It is necessary to use drugs with extreme caution. You should go to the veterinarian in advance.
Effective drugs for diarrhea
Effective drugs from cattle intoxication:
- burnt alum is a powdered drug that helps to fix the chair for a couple of days,
- Nitox - a special solution for cattle, used as injections. One shot will be enough
- tetracycline is available in tablet form. It belongs to the group of antibiotics,
- Catosal is a very effective and functional tool. The drug is released in the form of injections,
- chloramphenicol - an antibacterial drug that can affect the intestinal microflora. Available in tablet and powder form,
- Ditrim - solution for injection, which allows to destroy gastric and intestinal infections,
- Loperamide has a fixing effect.
It is forbidden to use medicines without knowing the exact diagnosis.
Cow diarrhea: home treatment with drugs and folk remedies
Cow diarrhea is a dangerous disease and it occurs quite often.
This condition cannot be ignored, because the animal’s body is quickly dehydrated, and as a result, it can be fatal.
Intestinal disorders are caused by various reasons, they will be discussed in this article. Also, readers will learn how to treat diarrhea in cattle with medical and folk remedies.
Intestinal disorders are often a symptom of:
- Infectious diseases.
- Parasitic invasions.
Cows can eat food in which mold has formed due to improper storage, as well as pasture (if not properly controlled) to eat poisonous grass or mushrooms. Pesticides and nitrates get into the stomach of animals along with food.
Often with a shortage of certain vitamins and microelements, their taste preferences change, then animals begin to lick the soil, sand, and plaster. As a result, microbes penetrate the digestive tract, which cause fermentation in the intestines and diarrhea.
Reference. Cold drink also provokes frustration, as well as eating frostbitten grass in the autumn. Particularly dangerous young.
Consider the signs of diarrhea in detail:
- The chair becomes frequent (from 5 to 12 times a day).
- The feces change color, smell, texture (it can be watery, slimy, frothy, with blood).
- The animal is weakened, depressed.
- The cow has no appetite.
The cow has no appetite
Especially dangerous are the symptoms of dehydration, so you should be attentive to livestock.If there is a large loss of fluid (up to 15%), death is possible. When dehydration is observed:
- Dry mucous membranes.
- Eyes sink.
- The animal does not urinate.
- The heart rhythm slows down (blood gets thicker).
If the cow is bruising, you must call the veterinarian to determine the cause of the disease. Only with proper diagnosis can effective treatment be prescribed.
What to do if the calf will wear: folk remedies
If you are keeping cows, you should know what to do if the calf is bruising, how folk remedies can help the treatment and how to take care of the animals so that the animals do not get sick.
Small calves are very easy to catch infectious diseases that can cause diarrhea. It is important not to allow viruses to spread throughout the herd. According to statistics, 70% of young stock are susceptible to viruses due to non-compliance with sanitary standards.
Unfortunately, diarrhea can be fatal in almost half the cases.
Causes of diarrhea in calves
Diarrhea in a newborn calf may appear in the first month. The main source of diarrhea in newborn animals is poor-quality colostrum which they are fed. Often it is stale or just cold.
A young body in the first days of life is very difficult to adapt to everything around, including food. Therefore, colostrum should be given strictly on schedule, fresh, heated.
In addition, in order to avoid infection during feeding, the dishes in which food is served should be thoroughly washed.
If diarrhea in a calf does not appear in the very first days of life, but in the first month, the most likely cause is bacteria causing diseases such as tetanus and escherichiosis. The reasons for the ingestion of harmful substances is a violation of the hygienic regime.
If a sick calf is found, it is urgently necessary to isolate it in a separate box. The remaining "guests" are encouraged to be vaccinated to prevent the spread of infection.
The room itself must be thoroughly rinsed with special equipment under high pressure of water and disinfected.
Symptoms accompanying diarrhea
Diarrhea in calves, triggered by the penetration of bacteria into the body can be in the light and complicated degree.
With mild, there is a slight fatigue, short-term changes in body temperature. At this time, the calf eats less. Faeces are yellowish-green with a slight odor.
With severe or acute diarrhea, the animal becomes very weak, lies a lot. Anorexia is observed, the eyes roll, the coat becomes dull and stiff. The calf is hard to breathe, palpitations become more frequent, epilepsy attacks are possible. With this condition, the probability of death increases.
In any case, the onset of diarrhea in calves is recommended to diagnose. Knowing the full information about the cause, terms and symptoms of the disease, you can determine how to treat the patient.
You can clear the body and save the calf from diarrhea with the help of flax seeds. 50-60 grams of seeds are added to 1 liter of water. The mixture is brought to a boil, then left on low heat for an hour. The prepared mixture is filtered and cooled, mixed with two liters of boiled water at room temperature. A sick calf is served twice a day with 500 ml.
To stop diarrhea in calves, an infusion of onions with a red husk is prepared. On 3 liters of solution take 200 grams of grated onions and 100 grams of vegetable oil. The oil should cover the entire solution. The resulting mixture is poured into a bottle with a siphon. It is given 5 times in a row every hour at the rate of 4 ml per 1 kg of weight. During the period of treatment with colostrum, calves are not watered on this day.
With strong diarrhea, beetroot juice is good. At home, sugar beets are passed through cheesecloth. With this traditional remedy, severe bloody diarrhea can be cured.For treatment, it is necessary to put enemas of 250-300 ml in volume to sick calves, depending on the degree of the disease. The intervals between enemas are 2-3 hours.
Alder cones will also help to quickly cope with the disease. The inflorescences of this plant have astringent and hemostatic effect. Alder is rich in nutrients and is a good disinfectant.
To prepare the infusion, 40 grams of the cones are poured with 3 liters of water, boiled and roasted in the oven. For the effect of languor, you can also use a large thermos.
Infusion at room temperature watered calf 2-3 times a day, 500 ml.
Dehydration can lead to death
During severe diarrhea, the body of the calf loses 3-5 times more than the norm of fluid. This phenomenon often leads to dehydration and as a result, death occurs.
Therefore, it is necessary to try to replenish lost fluid reserves. This can be achieved by using an electrolyte solution.
This easy to prepare and cheap remedy will help to cope with several problems with diarrhea at once:
- restore the supply of fluid and salt in the body,
- improve bowel function
- to establish the correct work of microflora,
- restore oxidative processes in the body,
- saturate with nutrients.
Treatment of folk remedies is always combined with a special regime. Move your pet to a clean box, create dim lighting, provide calf peace. The place where it is located must be warm. Little patient can be covered with a blanket.
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Diarrhea in calves: how to treat at home, what to give
Fermaved.ru »Animal» Cows and bulls »Causes of diarrhea in calves
Livestock has always been very profitable and popular occupations. One of the most common areas of animal husbandry is breeding of cattle, namely calves and cows.
However, before you start working with such unpredictable animals, you need to know about the pitfalls. The main surprise that any beginner or even an experienced farmer may encounter is diarrhea (sometimes with blood), which affects mainly small calves.
About why there is diarrhea in calves and what to do with this unpleasant phenomenon, tell the article below.
Why diarrhea appears
The search for a true problem in a novice livestock breeder may take more than one hour, and without bringing any results.
In order to stop diarrhea in calves, it is necessary to consider all sorts of options for its unexpected appearance.
Knowing why diarrhea appears will help prevent the development of the disease in the future, and determine how to properly treat the animal. The main causes of diarrhea in the calf may be hiding in some problems.
First of all, it is a question of weakened immunity. Since at the beginning of the life of a newborn cattle the immune system is practically absent, the occurrence of certain diseases, which include yellow diarrhea, is not excluded.
This is due to the fact that the cow initially supplied the animal with the necessary protection, but after the birth and exit from the womb, the calf is threatened.
When giving attention to a small calf, it is extremely important to pay attention to:
- proper feeding
- a room in which a cow and a calf are housed: it must be arranged according to all the rules with observance of hygiene standards,
- observance of a clear diet,
- use of grass of inadequate quality.
Any of these options can easily have a detrimental effect on a small calf or a cow. The problem may be in food poisoning.
According to statistics, food poisoning most often affects cattle, leading to many of its representatives to death.Only a person can prevent food poisoning, because it is he who organizes feeding and food for cattle.
All problems begin at the time of calving, when there is a transition from mother's milk to other feed. Due to a weak stomach, an animal cannot digest most of the food provided.
In addition, it is through food that parasites and bacteria enter the body of the newborn. Often, bloody diarrhea and diarrhea cause eating or drinking milk, irritating the stomach wall. Treat any poisoning you need instantly.
The appearance of viruses in a weakened body of an animal is a common phenomenon, it occurs daily. The calf is the target of many different viruses, of which E. coli strain causes bloody diarrhea.
The disease is characterized by transience and a large number of secretions, which leads to exhaustion. As a result, the calf can die after a week of constant stress and exhaustion.
Defeat occurs in the first couple of days of life and requires special treatment.
Yellow diarrhea with a watery consistency, accompanied by high fever, can cause rotavirus infection affecting newborn cattle.
Coronovirus infection is common among babies, due to which calves develop green and yellow color of feces with mucous and bloody impurities. Often, a coronavirus can cause ulceration, a decrease in temperature, and a strong weakening of the immune system.
White diarrhea causes colibacillosis infection, which enters the body with milk, which was in a contaminated room.
Calf diarrhea is a disease that cannot be ignored, because very often such neglect leads to death. The causes of occurrence are varied, because a person must first of all closely observe the slightest changes in the life of a weekly or monthly calf.
How to identify diarrhea
If the causes of diarrhea in calves are diverse and ambiguous, then the definition of the disease is much simpler, because the symptoms are obvious. However, sometimes diarrhea is accompanied by additional symptoms. Accompanying symptoms that help identify the disease on time are:
- dehydration, manifested in the absorption of a calf more fluid than usual: you should call the vet if the cattle drink water 2 or 3 times the required amount,
- eye drop
- skin dehydration
- gritting teeth
- sluggish condition of the animal.
In the presence of diarrhea and several of the listed characteristics, there is a possibility of a blood disease, the treatment of which should begin immediately after detection. So, how to treat diarrhea in calves?
Medication for diarrhea
The first and logical question that arises from a farmer when an unpleasant disease appears is: “What can a calf get from diarrhea?” Because of the weak organism of an animal, the choice of means should be as deliberate as possible. It is necessary to treat diarrhea in a calf, following the following procedure:
- eliminate the root cause of why the calf was taken (with antibiotics, serums),
- subject the animal to rehydration therapy (by administering intravenous drugs and large amounts of water),
- provide energy and vitamin saturation,
- conduct anti-inflammatory therapy.
Home treatment should eliminate dehydration, for which antibiotics and oral fluid administration are sometimes prescribed.
In addition, it is important to purchase special auxiliary drugs that can effectively deal with the disease. It is necessary to apply them carefully, previously having consulted with the doctor.
Most often for the treatment of diarrhea in calves use vaccinations, probiotics and antibiotics.
What to use
Effective are considered proven by many drugs, which we consider in more detail below.
- Burnt alum - a powder that helps to eliminate the disease in a few days.
- Nitox is a sterile, strong, special solution for cattle, used as injections. Prick an animal more than once is not necessary.
- Tetracycline is an antibiotic marketed in the form of serum tablets.
- Katozal is a medicine that has no analogues in pharmacology due to the large range of functions and effectiveness. The drug is available as an injection.
- Levomycetin is a strong-acting antibiotic. It affects the intestinal microflora. It is a pill and powder.
- Zinaprim is an oral medication for treating infections in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Ditrim is a strong injection solution that promotes the removal of gastric, intestinal infections at home in a week.
Also the right choice would be drugs Trihopol and Tylosin. It should be remembered that the use of antibiotics for diarrhea in calves should be neat and moderate.
You can not use them without knowing the exact diagnosis or in the case of uncertainty, what is the cause of diarrhea in your calf.
Depending on how the baby feels, it will be appropriate to use and drugs that eliminate ailments.
Drugs that eliminate dehydration are able to restore the amount of salt that a newborn baby needs. Such drugs are presented in pharmacology powders and do not have a large number of contraindications.
When diarrhea in calves is caused by intoxication, attention should be paid to absorbing agents. They slow down peristalsis. In digestive disorders, preparations with enzymes will be appropriate.
In case of violation of the gastrointestinal microflora, the use of probiotics that are most effective in solving this issue will be suitable.
Severe diarrhea in a weekly calf.
Diarrhea in a calf - how to treat? // Life in the village
It is necessary to use all means in different ways, because in some cases their use is inappropriate, in particular for milkmen. Sometimes a newborn will cost one tablet, and sometimes you need to give injections or inject powder and solution. Unreasonable use of drugs can cause blood diarrhea and other unpleasant consequences.
Thus, having learned how diarrhea in a calf can be dangerous than to treat it will not be difficult.
If you use special tools, consult with your doctor, a positive outcome of treatment will be provided.
No need to neglect the consultation with the veterinarian, for often one or another antibiotic, this or that serum may suit one individual of the cattle, but not benefit the young representatives.
Sometimes the use of antibiotics for calves with diarrhea is impossible for a number of reasons. They can be varied: from lack of finances to the banal absence of nearby veterinary clinics.
In such cases, you can trust the folk remedies for diarrhea in calves. Despite the fact that their absolute efficiency is not proven, many of the farmers often use traditional medicine at home.
However, it is worthwhile to say that there is no procedure before talking to a veterinarian.
Often treated with medicinal decoctions. Due to the fact that with diarrhea in calves often develop gastrointestinal diseases, it is necessary and possible to focus on the use of barley, oatmeal and rye decoctions.
To prepare one of them, you need to pour 100 g of cereals with water, then boil the mixture, stirring. Next, the broth is filtered and given to the calf instead of milk.
To feed the animal with a solution can be a few days 5 times a day.
If the calf is worn, it is recommended to drink it with flax decoction, for which the flax seed is poured with liquid and boiled for one hour. As soon as water boils away, it is replenished again.
Before feeding the baby broth, you need to hold the liquid filtered through gauze in the refrigerator for about 3 days. It is possible to cure the disorder using dogrose infusion and decoction with the addition of dry Hypericum.To prepare the ingredients pour liter of boiling water, soaking for about 12 hours.
You can give strained broth 3 times a day instead of milk. Get rid of the gastrointestinal infection may plantain leaves.
Treatment with mixtures can be effective even in the case of severe diarrhea. The main advantage of mixtures in their simple preparation and use. The means discussed below are used by many livestock breeders.
- Tea solution, for which you need 1 l of brewed tea (suitable exclusively black). Tea is mixed with 3 egg whites and 1 tbsp. l salt. The mixture is stirred and give a calf for a month at the rate of 10 kg per 1 kg of animal weight.
- The cleaning mixture consists of beet juice. For its preparation you need to take an enema and about half a liter of juice. It is necessary to do an enema every 2 hours. Suitable for the treatment and the usual disorder, and with blood.
When treating diarrhea, a person often resorts to salt solution. Salt solution removes toxins from the body, keeping fluid in it, restoring the supply of minerals.
You can try it for the treatment of animals. To prepare diluted about 5 hours. salt in water. After waiting for cooling, they begin to drink calf solution, doing it throughout the day.
But you need to be careful: salt can cause vomiting.
Sometimes the treatment of such ailments at home is carried out using baked bread. He is able to clean the intestinal system. To use the bread, you need to bake it well and grind it to a powder, then start periodically adding to the feed. It is possible to get rid of diarrhea with folk remedies, but at the same time it is necessary to take all the risk of the procedures performed.
Causes of calf diarrhea
In calves, diarrhea is a real threat to health. With diarrhea in the calf electrolyte-water balance is disturbed, severe intoxication may develop. Against the background of diarrhea, cows have noted severe acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract. Pathological process is ulcerative and erosive. Therefore, it is very important to know how to treat diarrhea in young animals in order to avoid the development of serious complications and pathologies.
Liquid, watery white stools, feces with blood, other adverse symptoms most often indicate systemic disruptions, inflammatory processes in the body, disturbed digestive processes, the development of infectious, bacterial, parasitic diseases. What to do if the calf bore? Why do calves have diarrhea? Such questions interest many novice farmers. Faced with a similar problem, it is very important to establish the root cause that provoked upset stomach in animals.
Causes of calf diarrhea:
- feeding young stock with poor-quality feed,
- viral-bacterial diseases, infections (rotavirus, escherichiosis),
- non-compliance with zoohygienic norms,
- helminthic invasions,
- food poisoning
- feeding disturbance, abrupt diet change,
- protozoal (parasitic) infections,
- weakening of the immune system, reducing body resistance.
Diarrhea in the calf can also occur on the background of non-communicable diseases, after preventive vaccinations, on the background of hypo-and beriberi, due to frequent stressful situations. Contaminated equipment, giving water to a calf from a poorly washed bucket can also cause acute temporary diarrhea.
Cows often vilify during pregnancy, before calving, or in the first days after calving. Transmitted stress (transportation, difficult calving) can also cause loose stools in adult animals. In case of diarrhea in a cow, causes play a significant role in the choice of medical therapy.
Important! Very often, calf diarrhea is noted after overeating. Young cattle do not know the measures in food, so livestock farmers must control the amount of feed given.
If the blood in the feces, the calf is weak, does not gain weight, refuses to eat - this indicates the development of acute inflammation in the digestive tract. If the young growth poops with blood, blood clots and threads are noticeable in the stool, a similar condition occurs when acute foreign objects enter the body, which injure the mucous membranes of the digestive tract.
White diarrhea in young cows can cause helminthic invasions, beriberi, hypovitaminosis. Disorders in the diet, feeding low-quality feed often provoke diarrhea light yellow color. In colibacteriosis, diarrhea is white.
Diarrhea in newborn calves, which occurs in the first 3-5 days of life, due to the acclimatization of the body to environmental factors. With proper nutrition, proper care does not pose a threat to the life of the young and, as a rule, passes on its own, without any treatment.
If calves are severely bruised, their stools contain foam, mucus, flakes, and undigested food, such a condition in animals is most often provoked by certain strains of viruses, in particular, the presence of E. coli, cryptosporidium, and coronaviruses in the body.
Important! Diarrhea caused by E. coli bacteria is called escherichiosis. The lesion occurs mainly in the first 3–7 days after the birth of a baby cow. Escherichiosis, can cause the death of animals if treatment is not prescribed.
Cryptosporidia affect youngsters aged 10 to 25 days. As a rule, outbreaks of infection are noted most often in winter, in early spring. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that the ill animals are latent virus carriers for 7–8 months after the disappearance of the clinical symptoms.
Coronavirus infection affects all calves between the ages of 3 and 14 days. Fecal masses have a watery, mushy consistency, blood impurities, third-party inclusions, a large amount of mucus.
At the slightest suspicion of viral, bacterial, parasitic diseases, it is necessary to call a veterinarian, who will select an adequate medical therapy aimed at eliminating the root cause of diarrhea, prescribe medication to normalize the general condition of agricultural animals.
The severity of clinical manifestations, consistency, composition of feces with diarrhea in small calves depends largely on its root causes.
With rotavirus infection, which affects the youngsters from 3 to 15 days after birth, sick animals quickly weaken, lose weight, refuse to feed, hay. The temperature in the early stages is greatly increased. The stool is liquid, greenish-brown in color, contains mucus, foam. The cub becomes lethargic, apathetic. If you do not know how to treat diarrhea, do not eliminate other symptoms, mortality among calves will be 70-100%.
When coronavirus infection in calves similar manifestations. The only difference is that feces may acquire a light yellow color, whitish tint. In the fecal masses contain a large amount of foam. Most often calves have diarrhea with blood. In the feces contains undigested food, bloody clots, blotches. If the calf is not cured, the infection becomes neglected and difficult to treat. In this case, animals on the mucous membranes of the mouth have sores.
Symptoms of diarrhea in calves:
- depletion, rapid weight loss,
- weakness, apathy, drowsiness,
- decrease, lack of appetite,
- the presence of dry crusts in the nostrils,
- dry skin, pale mucous,
- dry nose mirror of the upper lip,
- fever, chills, fever.
If the calves are constantly heavily diarrhea, they lag behind their peers in growth, development, and do not gain much weight. When diarrhea from the body of the animal displays useful nutrients, vitamins, minerals, which are contained in the feed.There is a loss of fluid that can provoke severe intoxication, metabolism is disturbed.
Important! If the calves have had severe diarrhea at the age of 3-5 months, in the future this may affect the amount of milk yield.
When colibacteriosis in the initial stages of the temperature rises. Calves are weakened, depleted, refuse to feed, lose much weight. Cubs can suffer from white diarrhea from 1–3 days old to 7–8 months of age. The ill individuals are lagging behind in development and growth.
Therefore, it is very important to take appropriate measures as soon as possible. How to stop diarrhea in a calf? Consider what to treat diarrhea in young cows, what to do if the animal is diarrhea.
How to cure diarrhea in young, adult cow? Immediately it should be noted that in case of diarrhea in calves, home treatment should be prescribed by a veterinarian, taking into account the age of the animal, general condition, diagnosis, the root cause. When diagnosing, in addition to a comprehensive survey, the veterinarian takes into account data on the history, conditions of detention, type of feeding, epizootological situation in the region.
In most cases, if the calves are severely diarrhea, diarrhea is provoked by food poisoning, the young veterinarian prescribes medication.
Young cows are prescribed:
- enzyme products
- intestinal motility lowering agents,
- vitamin, mineral premixes, nutritional supplements,
Sorbents eliminate the symptoms of intoxication, neutralize the harmful effects of poisons, toxins, normalize the processes of digestion, the general condition of animals. Tablets can be crushed into powder, give a calf along with drinking water, feed. In case of poisoning, water animals with medicinal solutions 2-3 times a day for 2–3 days.
Important! In case of acidosis, calves are prescribed droppers, injected with i / m physiological solutions to eliminate body intoxication, and normalize electrolyte balance.
Infusion therapy prescribed to young animals cures severe profuse diarrhea. When the body loses more than 8–10% of the liquid, antibiotics with electrolytes are administered to the calves. Give electrolytes in the form of drinking from 1 to 2 times a day until complete normalization of the general condition.
If the calf has diarrhea, the dosage of injected fluids, drugs, is determined by the veterinarian. Additionally, vitamins, enzymes, a product containing lactic acid bacteria are administered.
Probiotics, enzymatic substances normalize the intestinal microflora, relieve acute inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, prevent fermentation processes in the intestine. They may have microbial and non-microbial origin.
Vitamin-mineral complexes, immunomodulators will increase the overall resistance, the body's resistance to disease-causing agents. Hepatoprotectors should be given to calves in order to normalize liver function.
With diarrhea, calves must be given less milk, replacing it with nutrient fluids (glucose, glycine, bicarbonate, sodium chloride). When treating diarrhea, veterinarians recommend adhering to a combined diet. Feed calves need small portions, at regular intervals. Hay, fodder, fresh green fodder are given to young growth.
Treatment of viral diarrhea in calves and cows is carried out with systemic, complex action with antibiotics. If the calf has diarrhea with blood, veterinarians prescribe tetracycline, levomycetinum (levomycetin, tetracycline), biomycin. Dosage - 10-20 mg per 1 kg of calf weight. Drugs best grind to a powder. Give medicines to animals, mixing them in feed, drinking water.
With white diarrhea in calves, castor oil can be used to help clear the stomach. 1-2 milk drinks are replaced by drinking compositions, oatmeal coffee, strong tea. It is very useful to feed acidophilus, which weakens the activity of putrefactive flora.
In severe cases, if diarrhea in calves is provoked by a viral, bacterial infection, the condition of the animals is rapidly deteriorating, give preference in the treatment of diarrhea to injections. For injectables, the treating veterinarian will select the dosage. In some cases, the duration of therapy may take a month. If the calves are abused, after the relief of symptoms, it is necessary to monitor their condition for several days. It is equally important to adhere to the diet, to choose the best diet.
If calves are worn out, suffer from diarrhea, a specialist will tell you what can be done in a similar situation. In order not to harm the health of the young, to grow a strong, healthy livestock, we recommend following the advice and recommendations of the attending veterinarian. Self-medication can provoke serious complications in the body.
Causes of diarrhea
Causes of diarrhea may not be contagious or contagious. It is important to be able to distinguish one from the other, since, in the viral nature of the disease, not only one calf, but the whole herd, including adults, may be infected. Calves are most at risk in the first month of life, when their immunity is still insufficiently formed and the digestive system is especially tender.
The main reasons for the appearance of liquid stool are:
- lack of immunity - at birth, the calf has no immunity, and the baby should receive all the antibodies with the mother's colostrum. Own immunity will be formed only in 1-2 weeks, but will remain weak. In this case, diarrhea is a consequence of the organism's adaptation to the world with bacteria. If timely measures are taken, the problem is solved in 1 day and does not pose a threat,
- improper feeding - on farms unsuccessful by this indicator, up to 60% of calves die because of diarrhea caused by poor feeding. In the early days, if the calf is not fed on the suckling feed, the owner should monitor the quality of the milk. It must be warm and not overwhelmed. Even slightly acidified milk leads to intense diarrhea. Older digestive problems are caused by excessive salt in feed. Of particular danger are nitrites and nitrates, as well as heavy metals, leading to a dangerous poisoning, in which there is diarrhea with blood that is difficult to treat,
- viral lesions - before viruses, the calf is practically defenseless, and therefore, in the first week of life, the strain E.Coli often occurs. The disease in this case is fleeting, leading to rapid exhaustion and sepsis (blood infection), but if treatment is started immediately, then the chance to save the animal is about 80%. The second dangerous virus is the coronavirus, which initially manifests as diarrhea, and then causes ulceration of the oral mucosa and profuse frothy drooling, similar to that in rabies. Without treatment, the calf will die,
- Rotavirus infection is a dangerous causative agent of diarrhea in calves, which causes death against the background of general exhaustion. The pet completely loses its appetite, becomes apathetic, and its stool has a characteristic sour smell.
There are a number of factors predisposing to the appearance of diseases, as they additionally weaken the immunity of the animal. These causes of calf diarrhea include:
- Late dacha of colostrum - later than an hour after birth.
- The lack of ventilation in the barn - calves, like drafts, is absolutely contraindicated. The lack of oxygen leads to a maximum drop in immunity and the general poor state of the animal's body.
- Unsanitary conditions in the barn - in the mud, a cow or calf cannot remain healthy, since an optimal environment is created for the development of pathogenic bacteria when moisture and heat are combined. Enough to bring cleanliness to significantly improve the condition of the animals.
- Stress - like a person, a calf suffers from a drop in immunity during stress, which can lead to the body being infected with viruses and pathogenic bacteria.
All feeders should be washed regularly before each feeding, and 1 time a day to handle antiseptic. In the first 10 days, the calves cannot control the sense of fullness of the organism, and therefore, if the owner feeds them, he needs to precisely set the volume of the portion.
What is the danger of diarrhea
When a calf has diarrhea, it is dangerous because it leads to rapid dehydration and a general deterioration of the animal’s condition. Also because of the disease, the growth of the animal slows down noticeably. In 24 hours of illness, a calf can decrease up to 10% of body weight, and only due to fluid. Because of this, blood thickens and blood circulation are impaired, which is dangerous by oxygen starvation and changes in the functioning of organs and systems. Even not a prolonged abnormal blood supply to the internal organs leads to the appearance of changes in the body that remain for a lifetime. Chicks after diarrhea will never be able to give high milk yield, and the bulls will be somewhat lagging behind in growth.
If the treatment of diarrhea in calves does not start in a timely manner, the animal dies. Against the background of dehydration and exhaustion, it falls into a coma and dies after that within 6-12 hours. As soon as the calf fell into a coma, the opportunity to save him disappears completely. Fatal is the loss of 15% life-threatening fluid - a loss of 7%.
It is not difficult to notice that the calf has impaired digestion. At home, when the animal is constantly in sight, copious excretion of feces increased fluid, and sometimes the owner sees blood immediately. Fecal masses remain on the tail and thighs, becoming immediately noticeable. Calves often walk with their tails raised as if they want to empty their intestines. This is due to the constant urge to defecate, some of which are unproductive.
In addition to the main bright manifestation, there are additional symptoms. These additional manifestations include:
- sunken eyes
- dry mucous membranes
- dry skin
- gnashing of teeth
- most of the time is spent lying down,
- loss of appetite.
When signs of pathology appear, it is necessary to immediately call a veterinarian or an experienced farmer who can easily determine the cause of the problem and advise the necessary treatment. At home, chances to cure a calf are more, as he will receive maximum attention.
Drugs for treatment
If the disease is caused by improper feeding, then eliminate it with a binder and normalize the diet. When the viral nature of diarrhea is established, or the fact that it has become a consequence of poisoning, urgent medical treatment is prescribed. Such remedies help to cure diarrhea:
- Oral rehydrates - drugs that help eliminate dehydration, used orally (in the mouth). They not only restore the volume of fluid, but also fill the body with a lack of salt, which is especially dangerous. The preparations contain potassium, sodium and chlorine, which are necessary for the functioning of the internal organs. Also, they contain glucose and sugar to maintain the animal in the absence of appetite and lack of food. Sold drugs in powder form for solution preparation. They have no side effects and contraindications.
- Sorbents - drugs for relieving intoxication and removing toxic substances from the body. When deciding how to stop a calf's diarrhea, you cannot ignore such remedies. In parallel with the binding of toxins, they inhibit the intestinal motility, and thereby stop the rapid excrement. Effects on the absorption of nutrients from the intestines and the digestion of food funds do not have.
- Enzymes - they are necessary if there is also an enzymatic disorder, in which there is a deficiency in their production by the liver and pancreas.
- Probiotics - they are necessary in the recovery period after the disease. Giving calves drugs should be due to the fact that during diarrhea, a large number of good bacteria is washed out from the body with feces and it is necessary to restore the microflora. If this is not done, either diarrhea will resume, or constipation will begin.
Milk for the period of treatment is given in a smaller volume, since it contributes to relief and only worsens the situation. It is impossible to completely abandon it, because without milk the calf will not receive all the necessary nutrients and will not be able to fully recover.
If the disease is caused by bacteria, the question of how to treat diarrhea, has one answer - the use of antibiotics. More often, veterinarians prescribe medications belonging to such groups:
An antibacterial agent is given at the rate of 20 mg per 1 kg of pet's weight, unless otherwise specified. The drugs are administered by injection and less commonly by mouth. The second method is practically not used because of the risk to cause even greater irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Keep the animal warm. His thermoregulation during the period of illness is impaired due to dehydration, and the calf cannot maintain normal body temperature.
The use of folk remedies
Folk remedies for treatment are usually used in combination with drugs. You can use them yourself only if the disease is in a weak stage and is caused by a malnutrition. Also, traditional medicine can be used as a preventive measure for the prevention of stomach problems in the newborn calf.
A decoction of oats has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract of the animal and helps to prevent diarrhea. Prepare the medicine, taking 150 g of grain per 1 liter of water. Boil the composition after boiling should be under the lid for 60 minutes. Strain the broth, it is given for the prevention of 1 cup, replacing them with a portion of milk. If the calf is sick, then it is watered with broth 5 times a day, giving 500 ml instead of milk. What to do if the pet does not drink broth? We must try to force it to drink, inserting the nipple into the mouth.
Good to drink calf and composition based on black tea. They give it from the very first symptoms of the disease and further within 1 month, even if the disease is completely gone. To obtain the composition, 1 liter of black strong tea is filtered and mixed with 3 raw proteins from fresh (no more than 10 days from the moment of laying) chicken eggs. Also, add 1 tablespoon of sea food salt to the composition. Such a cocktail is given to a sick baby to drink 10 g per 1 kg of weight, but if there is any doubt in weight, it is better not to finish the animal than to re-drink.
When the animal has diarrhea mixed with blood, it is necessary to apply enemas with beet juice. They are excellent stop bleeding and disinfect the intestines. Put them as soon as possible. The animal is given 500 ml of freshly squeezed juice every 2 hours throughout the day. If you want to get rid of the problems of a cow, then juice you need to squeeze out 4 liters.
Broth hips and Hypericum provides a quick astringent effect and helps restore the deficiency of vitamins in the body of the animal. Prepare the drug, taking 100 grams of that and other plant materials and fill it with 1 liter of water. Bringing to a boil, the composition is insisted for 8 hours, and, having filtered, they solder the calf in 1 glass in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening. In rare cases, the pet has an allergy to such medicine, and therefore, after its first giving, the calf must be monitored.
Water with sugar and salt helps prevent dehydration. To improve the condition of the calf, he needs to give 400 ml of solution every hour. Prepare it, dissolved in 1 liter of water 2 tablespoons of sugar and 1 dessert spoon of salt. The composition must be applied before the arrival of the veterinarian to maintain a relatively normal state of the animal. After the arrival of the specialist and the appointment of therapy, the solution is used only with the permission of the veterinarian.
What is the danger of calf diarrhea?
Diarrhea in calves is accompanied by copious excretions. This leads to the development of dehydration. Fluid deficiency is manifested in the following symptoms:
- the eyes of a sick baby sink,
- skin loses its elasticity and becomes dry,
- in animal stools, blood clots and mucus may appear.
These signs indicate that the calf volume of fluid loss reached 7%. The loss of more than 15% of the liquid in most cases leads to the death of the animal.
Teach that calf diarrhea in 1 day can cause weight loss of around 6%. During the time of illness, he noticeably lags behind his relatives in the development. It may take about 3 weeks to normalize calf mass.
What viruses can cause diarrhea?
In case of infection with the BVD virus, liquid diarrhea appears in the sick animal. Infection leads to the formation of ulcers on the lips and tongue of the animal. Bovine virus actively multiplies in the body of the baby and can lead to his death.
Rotavirus destroys small intestinal mucosa cells. It slows down the healing process and causes diarrhea. A sick animal begins to suffer from dehydration.
Infectious rhinotracheitis can cause digestive upset in young calves.
Bacterial causes of diarrhea
E. coli E. coli when ingested into the baby’s intestine violates the processes of assimilation of nutrients. They begin to produce toxins, which lead to diarrhea in the calf. Thus, the animal's body is trying to get rid of the infection.
Salmonella is a parasite that poisons the baby’s body. Blood and fibrin appear in the animal’s feces. The cub quickly loses strength and may die.
Vaccination is used to increase the amount of antibodies in a cow. Such vaccinations are best done a month before calving. The method serves to protect the young from rotavirus for 2 weeks. This is the most dangerous period in the life of a baby. In the body of the calf antibodies come along with the colostrum of the mother.
Most vaccines contain K99 E. It is an E. coli antigen that helps prevent diarrhea in the calf. When using the vaccine do not exceed the dosage specified in the instructions.
How to treat infectious diarrhea
When a blood clot appears in the animal’s stool, veterinarians recommend flunixin. This drug has anti-inflammatory effects. To improve the condition, it is enough to give the patient a calf 2 doses of the drug.
How to treat diarrhea in a calf if an infection of intestinal infection has occurred?
To destroy harmful bacteria, you can use Levomycetinum and Tetracycline. To eliminate diarrhea in an animal, it is necessary to observe the dosage. Experts advise giving a calf 3 tablets 2 times a day.
After taking antibiotics in a baby, dysbacteriosis begins. Do the owners have a question about how to treat diarrhea in calves? As a drug that promotes the normalization of microflora, you can use Bifidumbacterin.
Thanks to the injections can significantly reduce the number of side effects. To this end, the calf must be administered such means as Telozin and Baytril. Do not exceed the dosage specified in the instructions.
Young animals suffer from hypothermia during illness. To maintain the optimum temperature in the room, you must install heat lamps.
How to prevent dehydration
To assess the degree of dehydration can be on the following grounds:
- With a slight lack of fluid, the cub can suck up the milk while standing.
- Severe lead to the fact that the baby can not stand up.
To help the animal with severe dehydration, intravenous fluids should be given with the help of droppers. To eliminate a mild degree, it is enough to pour saline solutions through the mouth.
Prepare the brine at home. In 4 liters of warm water, add a teaspoon of salt and 250 ml of dextrose.Do not replace dextrose with sugar.
Dissolve in the tool Art. spoon of baking soda. The resulting solution can be used as the main source of nutrients after the onset of the disease. There is another recipe for making dehydration fluids.
Place a packet of fruit pectin and a teaspoon of salt in a container. Add 2 teaspoons of baking soda to the mixture and pour 2 liters of boiled water.
Features of the treatment of calves with herbal decoction
On the first day of the beginning of diarrhea in the calf, it is necessary to water the animal with a decoction of chamomile or horse sorrel. For the treatment of digestive disorders in the calf, you can use cereal decoction. Cook 150 grams of oats in a liter of water. You need to drink 2 times a day, 500 ml.
Healing has flax seeds. Pour 50 grams of grains in a liter of water and boil the broth for an hour.
To get rid of the symptoms of diarrhea in the calf, you can use a decoction of wild rose and St. John's wort. They need to be mixed in equal proportions of 100 g and pour a liter of boiling water. Broth must be insisted within an hour. The finished solution gives a sick young 3 times a day to 250 ml.
How to prevent disease
To reduce the risk of infections with infectious diarrhea can, if you follow a few rules:
- Milk and colostrum should have a temperature of at least 38 degrees. Eating cold milk is one of the causes of digestive upset in calves.
- Baby can not be overfed.
- Pay attention to the food of the cow left over. In the feed should not be a lot of salt and harmful components.
- Containers must be sanitized before use.
- Observe the temperature conditions. Cub can not be kept in a cold room.
- Keep barn clean to prevent pathogens from actively replicating.
- It is better to train the calves to feed them.
Therapist. Practicing doctor. Experience - 9 years.
There are cases when for certain reasons, calves are prohibited from using antibiotics. Then non-traditional methods of medicine come to the rescue.
Very effective in the treatment of cattle diarrhea decoctions. For their preparation use barley, oats, rye. Grains pour boiling water and mix. Then the broth is decanted and given to a calf. Giving a prepared drink can be 5 times a day for several days.
If the calf has diarrhea, you need to drink it flax broth. Spread the seeds in a saucepan and pour in water, put on a slow fire and boil for 1 hour. If the water boils heavily, it can still be poured. Then the prepared drink is decanted and sent to the refrigerator for a couple of days.
Also effective is a drink of wild rose and hypericum. For its preparation, you need to pour the main components with 1 liter of boiling water and keep for 12 hours. Extract the infusion and give the calf three times a day.
2 more effective folk remedies:
- tincture of tea. For the preparation you will need 1 liter of black tea, in which 3 egg whites are added and 1 tbsp. a spoonful of salt. Everything is mixed and given to the animal within a month.
- beet mixture. For its preparation take an enema and 500 ml of beet juice. Enema produced every 2 hours
You can also try salt treatment. The salt composition easily removes all harmful substances from the body, restores mineral reserves. Dissolve in water 5 teaspoons of salt. Throughout the day, the solution is given to the calf.
Many use the old-fashioned way. Take a saline solution and pour into a 3-liter bottle. From above close a stopper and a siphon with rubber tubes and a clip. Take 200 g of finely chopped onion (in red husk) and throw in a container. All shaken, poured 100 ml of vegetable oil. After 2 days, you can use the product at the rate of 5 ml per 1 kg of animal weight. Take the solution every hour.
Important! When diarrhea with blood helps beet juice.
Excellent solution to the dehydration of the sugar and salt.Calf give every hour to 400 ml of the resulting liquid. For the preparation required in 1 liter of water to dissolve 2 tbsp. spoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt.
Traditional medicine copes with diarrhea in a mild form, the more severe are treated together with medicines. At home you can make a decoction of wild rose berries and leaves of Hypericum. To prepare take one of the plants (100 g) and pour 1 liter of boiling water. After 3 hours, the composition should be drained and water the calves 250 ml at a time three times a day.
There is another effective recipe for onions with red husks. To this end, 9 g of salt is dissolved in 1 liter of boiling water. The prepared solution is poured into a 3 liter container. A siphon fitted with rubber tubes with a clip is attached to the cork. 200 g of onion gruel are also added here. The composition must be shaken. Then add 100 g of vegetable oil. Store infusion can be up to 2 days. Take the tool, based on 5 ml per 1 kg of calf weight, 5 times during the day. This should be done every hour.
Before you begin treatment with saline solution, you should consider a few rules. Most importantly, it can not be combined with milk. The interval between feeding with breast milk and the solution should be 2 hours. Electrolytes should be diluted with 3 liters of water. Drink give per 1 l of product per 20 kg of animal weight.
Important! During salt therapy, it is forbidden to give the calf antibiotics, it is better to replace them with vitamins A, C, D.
What absolutely can not be given
When caring for a sick calf, you need to follow a number of rules:
- uncontrolled feeding cannot be performed. It is necessary to give food according to a certain regimen so that the stomach has time to digest food,
- It is forbidden to give cold milk to youngsters,
- Calves should not be given food that contains rock salt.
- It is forbidden to keep sick cattle in a cold and wet room.
Important! It is necessary to ensure good air circulation in the barn. To pathogenic microflora could not multiply, you need to observe hygiene and sanitary cleanliness.
After treatment of diarrhea, the animal comes to life for a long time, so the following should be provided:
- need to adhere to hygienic and sanitary standards,
- it is recommended to be vaccinated on time to prevent the virus from entering,
- newborn bulls provide colostrum,
- young cattle are better separated from each other, they should not be close to the dung of other animals,
- the feed must contain the necessary vitamins and minerals,
- Calves are given sour milk or lime water as preventive measures.
Farmers need to monitor the health of animals, especially at a young age, because this is the most difficult period, when often there are many deaths. Any disease is easier to prevent than to treat it for a long time and persistently!
Prevention as a method of prevention
Treatment of diarrhea is a difficult and painstaking process, which even an adult cow sometimes cannot tolerate. In order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, you need time to do its prevention. Sometimes prevention is considered a much more effective and relatively cheaper option compared to other means (even folk).
The following preventive measures can prevent the disease from occurring:
- Often the causes of many diseases lie in the wrong sanitary and hygienic care. This also applies to young cows: it is necessary to monitor the cleanliness and safety of the premises, as well as the protection of individuals from extreme heat and frost.
- There will be no need to treat livestock if the cow is vaccinated in time: the vaccine will give the baby more chances for survival and dwelling in critical environmental conditions.
- The quality of the colostrum should also be at its best - it is important to try to control its abundance and quality with the doctor.
- The calf and cow must be protected from contact with the manure of other livestock and animals, because it is a real source of viruses and bacteria.If possible, temporary isolation from other cattle should be established.
- A poor-quality feed can easily cause a breakdown, therefore it is necessary to ensure that food includes all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
- Diarrhea cannot be cured without strict diet and watering.
Failure to comply with at least one of the tips can lead to diarrhea, and therefore - to an increase in the mortality of calves.
Now you know the danger of diarrhea in newborn calves, which must be treated carefully and quickly. It also became clear whether it is possible to give antibiotics to calves against diarrhea.
In order to identify the approach of the disease, it is extremely important to pay attention to the animal: does it constantly drink water instead of milk, does it creak with teeth, or does it deform with blood.
It is extremely important not to forget that an animal, and even more so, a newborn organism, needs exceptionally useful and proper food, proper care. The causes of the disease are sometimes so unexpected that they catch the farmer by surprise.
Diarrhea (diarrhea) in a calf, what to treat at home - A farmer without hassle
In agriculture, cattle breeding is highly respected. In this environment, you can make good money, many entrepreneurs grow calves for meat. Well, when the process occurs without interruption.
But often diarrhea in a calf can cancel all plans. Find out how to treat diarrhea at home in our article. After all, this illness quickly depletes the vital forces of the animal, and threatens with big problems, it is necessary to act quickly and decisively.
According to statistics, the largest number of deaths of cows and bulls occurs due to diarrhea, and 100% of the cure for her young does not yet exist.
The main causes of diarrhea
Calf diarrhea can occur for various reasons, and before embarking on treatment it is necessary to find out the cause of the disease, otherwise the situation can be even more aggravated. This condition is especially dangerous for newborns, there are many causes of the disorder, and all of them can be fatal. And so, why there is:
- Weak immunity. Rather, its absence, during this period it is only being formed, the young growth is born completely defenseless from the negative influence of the external environment. Therefore, even such a trifle as slightly stale milk, or very cold milk, can lead to undesirable consequences. But with the right treatment, everything goes for several days, and, as a rule, does not carry a threat to life.
- Wrong diet. This is very dangerous, because of this seemingly trifle, most of the young ones die. Therefore, proper nutrition of calves is a very important point. After too much salt in the feed can cause diarrhea, heavy metals and nitrates are often present in poor-quality feed, then bulky liquid stool appears in the bulls. To cure such a condition is extremely difficult. Sometimes the cause of the disease are fungi that enter the body of the animal with food.
- Insanitary conditions, low-quality feed.
Virus cause diarrhea
The most difficult type of diarrhea in a calf is considered to be viral; it is very difficult to cure it. It is necessary to find out how badly the body has suffered, and how exactly the virus caused the disease.
- E.Coli - with this strain, everything happens very quickly, and a lot of liquid is released. There is a sepsis of the body. If you do not carry out treatment, the animal will die without a chance for a favorable outcome. Calves are exposed to the virus from 2 to 7 days old.
- Retroviral infection. Symptomatology is as follows: profuse diarrhea, high fever, lethargy and weakness, loss of appetite. The calla is yellowish, sometimes white, watery with a sour, sharp odor.
- Coronavirus has similar symptoms with the retrovirus.The only difference in the color of feces is that they have a yellow-green color sometimes with an admixture of blood, and the temperature does not rise, but remains at the same level or decreases. If the virus is not treated, small sores appear in the mouth, and foam is formed in the mouth. Young calves are exposed to the disease, with weak immunity.
Symptoms of the disease:
Calf diarrhea is accompanied by an excessive release of fluid, for this reason, most of the lethal outcomes occur precisely because of dehydration.
The animal looks exhausted, it often lies, eats little, its eyes sink, and the chair is often not just liquid, but also with blood. Apathy occurs with a loss of 7% of body weight, with a loss of 15% it will be impossible for an animal to survive.
Even with the cure of the main symptom, the calf's health will be seriously disturbed for some time, he has the following symptoms:
- Missing appetite. The animal loses up to 10% of its weight. For everything to return to normal, you will need intensive care for 20 days.
- Cows who have had viral infections in childhood will produce less milk in adulthood.
Treatment with medicines and drugs
Self-medication does not lead to good. Therefore, if you experience complex symptoms, be sure to contact your veterinarian. He will find out all the nuances, and prescribe adequate treatment. If the cause of the disease was a virus, or food poisoning, then calves are treated for diarrhea with medications, they are of the following type:
- Preparations for oral administration, with a high content of chlorine, potassium, and sodium. They contain a lot of sucrose and glucose, sold in the form of powders. Often it is necessary to prepare solutions with powders. They restore the amount of fluid in the body, and also compensate for the loss of salts. Have no side effects, no contraindications.
- Sorbent. A good remedy for intoxication, they slow down motility, but the absorbability of food remains unchanged.
- Enzyme preparations. They are prescribed for enzymatic disorders of the stomach.
- Probiotics. In case of problems with intestinal microflora, these drugs are used, they are of bacterial and non-bacterial origin.
To avoid dehydration during diarrhea, calves do not give milk.
- If the problem is an enteric viral infection, antibiotics are used to treat it. In such cases, veterinarians prescribe a group of drugs: tetracycline, biomycin, chloramphenicol. Based on about 15 milligrams of the drug per 1 kilogram of live weight.
If the temperature is elevated, the animal is transferred to a heated room, for the period of diarrhea in the calf, it is stopped to drink milk, because it is not absorbed in the body, but only harms. Moreover, bacteria can develop in milk, which is now completely useless.
Fighting folk remedies
You must understand that in this way you take all the responsibility for the health of the animal on yourself. Most often, they are used in combination with medical treatment (without replacing it) or as a preventive measure. A decoction of grain crops (barley, oats, and rye) solve the problems of diarrhea in calves. Recipe:
- 150 grams of grain is diluted in a liter of water, and boiled for an hour, stirring constantly.
- The resulting liquid must be filtered.
- To feed an animal with a solution is necessary five times a day, half a liter, instead of milk.
Such decoctions are used only if the diarrhea is quite easy, without complications. If the problem is in a virus, then the following folk remedies are used together with medicines:
- Decoction of flax seeds. To do this, take 50 grams of dry flax, add to a liter of water and put on the stove, boil for 60 minutes. Strain the liquid and add two liters of boiled water. Water the wards twice a day, half a liter of liquid.
- Rosehip berries and leaves of Hypericum. And so, take 100 grams of berries or leaves, and fill with boiling water liter.Infusion should infuse about 8 hours. Then feed the animal 250 ml three times a day.
- Tincture of red onions. To do this, in physical solution (9 grams of salt per liter of boiling water) in a three-liter jar with a lid siphon with rubber tubes. Stir finely chopped onion (200 grams). Shake the jar for about two minutes, after which you need to pour 100 grams of vegetable oil here so that it completely covers the entire solution. Insist the drug should within 48 hours. Thanks to the siphon, the liquid does not need to be filtered, the calf needs to be fed at the rate of 5 milliliters of tincture per kilogram of live weight, 5 times per day, every two hours.
- Nutritious, tea blend. Recipe: To a liter of brewed black tea, add three chicken egg whites, and one tablespoon of salt. The animal is watered throughout the month, at the rate of 10 grams of fluid per kilogram of live weight.
- Beet juice helps to cope with diarrhea in calves with blood only at an early stage of the disease. For this you need to do an enema, with 300 milliliters of beet juice, enter 4 servings at a time. Repeat the procedure several times every 2 hours. For adult cows a serving is about four liters of beet extract.
Prevention of diarrhea in calves
As you know, the effects of severe diarrhea, even if the animal recovers completely, will be felt for months. Therefore, it is better to prevent this serious condition:
- Adhere to hygienic and sanitary standards.
- In time, do all the necessary vaccinations, so you eliminate the viral component of this disease.
- Newborn bulls and cows must be provided with high-quality colostrum, and in sufficient quantities.
- Manure of foreign animals should not be within reach of the young. It is better to isolate young individuals from each other; they can only contact with their mother.
- Watch the quality of feed, they should contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
- For the prevention of animals give yogurt or lime water.
Keep track of your pets' health, especially at a young age, this is the most difficult period, often ending in death, especially in an inattentive host.
Remember that any disease is easier to prevent than to treat it for a long time and persistently.
At this we say goodbye to you, wish you health to your horned livestock, apply tips in practice and everything will be fine with you, until we meet again on our farm website.
What if the calf has diarrhea?
Breeding cattle is a fairly profitable business, but in order to grow strong, healthy livestock, farmers must make every effort, constantly monitoring the growth and development of young animals. Calves are subject to a variety of diseases.
Some infections can cause the death of farm animals. So, calf diarrhea is one of the most alarming symptoms that can cause death of young cattle.
What if the calf wore? Consider the main causes of diarrhea in young cows and methods of its treatment.