Private households are not only outbuildings, but also the territory adjacent to them. Its arrangement is an important issue facing the owners. The solution to this problem will be an environmentally friendly, affordable and relatively inexpensive way to design the site - gabions, made with the help of available materials. Due to the fact that these structures are simple to implement and are able to solve the many problems that arise for a private homeowner, they are very popular.
We make gabions with our own hands. A simple solution to the arrangement of the local area
The garden and household plot is, first of all, green plantings. Trees, bushes and flower beds are placed in a specific order. For their location there are special rules. A modern garden is unthinkable without special constructions - gabions, which together with green plantings form a single whole.
All sorts of fences, small fancy shapes, benches, as well as small ponds - this is not a complete list of the structures being built on the backyards, which are based on mesh baskets.
What is gabion?
The main condition for building on the plots is the simplicity of the work and the availability of materials. Making your own gabions is a process that meets these requirements. And the ability to solve many improvement tasks with their help makes them universal. Gabion is a large metal cage made of twisted wire. This design is easy to make and install anywhere in the area. And, most importantly, such a mesh "basket" will be cheap and reliable in operation. Its long-term use does not require additional special care.
We make gabions with our own hands. Necessary materials
Before you purchase the workpiece for the structure, determine its function. Depending on the operating conditions of the created form, plan the selection of the material intended for its construction. You should also accurately determine the size and location of the future design, which will facilitate the acquisition of the necessary blanks. Massive structures, such as retaining walls or terraces, will require the use of stronger materials than simple and lightweight decorative forms.
Gabions are made from metal mesh with their own hands. A variety of designs are performed in the form of boxes, equipped with a top-opening lid. The inner part of the metal tank is filled with massive and heavy filler. Strength and anti-corrosion properties should have a grid for gabions. It’s quite difficult to make it yourself. Therefore, most often acquire galvanized netting with anti-corrosion coating. In addition to it, a three-millimeter galvanized flexible wire is required for fastening. The stiffness of the edges of the box provide eight millimeter reinforcing bars. Fill constructions with stones of any shapes and sizes. The most commonly used crushed stone or broken brick.
Features of the box installation
It’s easy to assemble gabions with your own hands. The construction starts with the assembly box. Depending on the type of gabion, form the frame. On the workpiece carefully align all the existing irregularities and form the box. Using wire, connect the sides of the structure. The place intended for installation of a box should be leveled. Under the gabion does not require a special foundation. Placed on the site form is fixed with metal fastening rods, which are installed at the corners of the structure. Further, in several stages, it is filled with stone. It must have the necessary strength, frost and water resistance. First fill one third of the box. Make a horizontal fixation wire. Next, fill the rest of the gabion. In this way, the entire metal container is filled. In this case, one should not forget that the filler should fit in rather dense layers. Fix the box cover first in the corners, and then along the entire length of the container. The design is ready.
Variety of shapes
Quite often, home gardens and suburban areas establish gabions with their own hands. The most common and quite popular are box-shaped types of structures, a distinctive feature of which will be a wide range of sizes. The ratio of the length and width of the mesh metal container, which is one to two, is strictly observed. Rectangular containers serve as the foundation for small structures. They are also often used as retaining walls. Such a box is considered the basis for other variations of gabions.
Reliability of fastening is distinguished by low boxes with a diaphragm. This kind of net containers inside is divided into small sections. Such a design reliably fixes the filler inside the tank, which allows it to be used as a foundation for all kinds of economic structures.
Cylindrical gabions look quite impressive. Lightweight structures with a small cell size in the form of columns are filled with smaller filler.
On gentle slopes, gabions-mattresses are used to fix the soil. The stability of this type of metal construction is ensured by a small height and the use of more durable materials.
When arranging the dacha plots or the territory adjacent to private households, there is always a need for the construction of various structures and forms. Before you make the gabions yourself, make the planning of all the necessary structures on the site. They are different in purpose. First of all, start with fencing sites. A fence made of gabions, built with your own hands, is an excellent solution. It will be a great alternative to the usual designs of fences. This option is not only high protection against noise and originality of design, but also availability, ease of installation. In addition to the fence will be mesh boxes used as gates or garden wickets. Beautiful buildings hedges and zonal fences.
Magnificent decorative forms will decorate the garden. Do not do without gabions when creating an artificial reservoir or pool. The execution of terraces and retaining walls, steps, small foundations for lamps and garden flower vases is not a complete list of the use of metal containers with filler. The advantage of such structures is the possibility of using them in combination with engineering systems. This will allow to build a fountain or a summer shower on the plot.
What is gabions: a general definition and description
Gabions are containers consisting of metal wire. The gabion device involves the construction of a frame, into which a certain material is placed.
Filling material can be:
A variety of materials can be used to fill gabions.
Helpful advice! It is recommended to use fine gravel for masking empty spaces formed between large parts.
The design has a large size and is created from twisted wire and mesh. With larger dimensions, additional installation of sectional compartments is performed. They will not allow the deformation of the walls under the mass of stones that fill the metal frame.
Doing your own hands with gabions is cheap, so they are so popular among owners of country plots. Such a product does not require much effort in relation to its care; it is equipped with a top cover.
Low fence-gabion on a country site
One of the advantages of structures from gabions is their attractive appearance, as evidenced by the photo of gabions in landscape design. Due to the wide variety of fillers for the mesh frame, a unique exterior design can be achieved. These designs are reliable and durable.
Scope of construction
Gabions were widely used as fortifications on the fields of military operations. In literal translation, the name of such a structure means "stone in the grid." Today, the technology of building gabions in landscape design has been successfully applied.
Gabion can be used to strengthen and / or decorate the walls of a house.
Designs are set as:
- the basis for the creation of furnishings on the site and the courtyard (the formation of street chairs and benches, tables and chairs),
- frames for vegetation,
- retaining walls to strengthen the hangars,
- building material for making lawns and stone gardens,
- bases for the formation of partitions, arches, strong beds with vertical type of placement,
- strengthening structures for fixing the soil of the coastal zone of lakes and rivers in the vicinity of the site or house,
- decorative elements to decorate the area (installed at the entrance to the courtyard, in the area where the stairs are located),
- material for the construction of stairs intended for the descent to the water.
Garden furniture from stone gabions
Helpful advice! The installation technology of gabions can be effectively used for zoning space. These structures are used not only as external fences (fences separating the local area from the street and neighbors), but also to divide the total area into areas, for example, a rest area, a place to install a stove, a barbecue, a grill, an area to accommodate a summer shower. etc.
Advantages of installing gabions on the territory of a country site
Most often, information on how to make a gabion with their own hands is interested in the purpose of creating fortifications on the site, because they have a number of advantages.
For the construction of the waterfall used gabion design
The advantages of reinforcing structures:
- there is no need to use specialized construction equipment, so the process of building gabions does not harm the surrounding landscape forms,
- products have a high capacity, which is why air and water flows freely through them. Due to this, a high level of ecological construction is achieved. Continuous access of air contributes to the normal growth of plants, and the structures themselves do not adversely affect the greening of the site,
- grid cells for gabions do not create obstacles to grass germination. As a result, a beautiful fusion effect is obtained without such negative consequences as deformation of the building or violation of its functions,
- the stones inside the frame are not fixed, so that the filling of the partition remains mobile, which reduces the level of hydrostatic pressure,
Gabion Jumbo can be constructed to strengthen the foundation of the building
- Seasonal displacement of the soil can not harm the products. Even with significant changes, the construction will not lose its integral forms, only slight deformation is possible,
- due to the plants, which every year more and more germinate between the stones, the strength of the structure increases.
General classification of gabion structures
In the framework of the general classification, the following types of products are distinguished:
- box type
- cylindrical type.
The box gabion designs are called Jumbo. The grid in them forms cells of hexagonal or rectangular shapes. This option of construction is the most dimensional, since the products can have a width of about 2 meters. Their length is 6 meters, and the height reaches one meter.
Boxed gabions are called “Jumbo”
Note! Given the fact that the Jumbo facilities are so variable in size, their frameworks are necessarily complemented by partitions. During construction, not only the net method of forming the frame can be used, but also the welded one.
Scope of Jumbo:
- soil protection against erosion,
- production of retaining walls from gabions,
- soil condition monitoring.
Jumbo gabion construction scheme to strengthen the slope
Products of cylindrical shape are called gabions-bags. With the help of them the foundations located under the water are equipped. This type of construction has increased flexibility.
Flat products have a height of 17 to 30 cm. They are called Renault mattresses and are laid out over uneven surfaces, as they have the ability to adapt to them.
The height of the gabion "Renault mattress" can vary from 17 to 30 cm
Scope of Reno mattresses:
- base for retaining walls
- landscape construction,
- fixing bridge cones,
- control of the river bed,
- strengthening of the coastal zone,
- pipeline protection.
The use of gabions Renault mattress to strengthen the walls of the reservoir
Self-made gabions: step-by-step construction instructions and its features
To simplify your job - you can purchase ready-made designs. Modern stores offer a wide range of products for the formation of gabions. But the finished parts of the frames do not always correspond to the required size. In some cases it is easier to create a gabion yourself. The first stage of construction involves the design of the future composition and the calculation of the required amount of materials. If you want to make a design with your own hands, you can use gabion photos for inspiration and creating designs for your own unique project.
Geotextiles: what it is and how it is used in construction
Applications, types of geotextiles and their distinctive features. How does the density of geotextiles in its application.
Design is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Removal of measurements from the territory.
- Transfer of markup to paper (layout of structures).
- Drawing up drawings for each object.
- The choice of fillers and materials.
- Calculation of the required amount of materials.
Step-by-step scheme for assembling a gabion and filling it with stones
Helpful advice! Materials should be purchased with a margin. The result of the calculations should be increased by about 10-15%.
To achieve high strength, it is recommended to purchase a double twist mesh. It has a flexible structure, is easily stored and transported, durable and resistant to the negative effects of external factors.
Required materials for construction
Before you make a gabion yourself, you should take care of the availability of the necessary tools, basic and consumables.
To fill the gabion, you can use the remnants of building materials
- brackets designed to connect adjacent walls, or spiral-shaped wire,
- pins made of steel (used to fix products in the soil),
- braces of steel (designed to perform a wall tie with the opposite type of placement in relation to each other).
To protect your actions and reduce the time of work, you need to use additional tools.
The construction scheme of the gabion with a concrete foundation
The list of related tools includes:
- Mittens for protecting hands from high-density material.
Designers often give interesting and unique relief forms to the natural landscape of the territory. This type of structure is so strong that it can be used to form hills and valleys.
Above the landscape, you can create flower beds from gabions with your own hands, as well as waterfalls, artificial ponds, fountains, and so on.
Beds of gabions fit perfectly into the landscape design
The choice of material for the walls of conventional and welded gabions
Metal mesh is used in cases where the basis of the project to create gabions is the use of Reno mattresses. Most often, the need to use such products arises when you intend to build an object with a complex configuration on the site. In this case, Renault mattresses are arranged along bending lines. They can be installed in an arc or be placed in separate parts of the structure where rotation or bending of the frame is necessary. This type of material gets flower beds or fountains.
Helpful advice! Taking into account the fact that the construction will be placed not indoors, but outside, it is recommended to buy a grid for gabions with a special protective coating. Under outdoor conditions, normal material will be corrosive and very quickly become unusable. The grid with a galvanized coating can last for almost 100 years.
For the construction of gabions, it is necessary to choose a grid with a thickness of at least 2.7 mm
For the manufacture of gabions is not recommended to use a material whose thickness is less than 2.7 mm. The table shows the prices for products made of galvanized steel, with a thickness of 3 mm.
The average price of a grid for gabions:
What are gabions and what are they made of?
As mentioned above, gabions are three-dimensional structures made of a mesh made of metal wire, the inside of which is filled with various materials. As such materials can be used:
- artificial and natural stone of various fraction,
- wood trimming.
Gabion construction process
The supporting structure of the gabion is in the form of a grid, for the manufacture of which steel wire with a diameter of 2 to 8 mm is used. Since such structures are operated in the open air, in quite unfavorable conditions, for their manufacture, double torsion wire is used, the surface of which is covered with a protective layer of zinc or PVC.
For gabions, meshes are most often used, the cells of which have a hexagonal shape, but products with rectangular and square cells are also found. To make such structures more rigid, a frame is used, which is made of metal reinforcement. The walls of gabions of large sizes, so that they are not deformed under the influence of the filler material, are reinforced with additional sectional compartments of thicker wire or reinforcement.
Scan box gabion products
If the manufacture of gabions is carried out using natural stone, then this material can be:
Examples of filling gabions
When choosing the color and configuration of such stones, you can only focus on your taste preferences, but their size should meet certain requirements. So, if fences and other structures from gabions are operated under normal conditions, and not under water, then the size of the stones should be 25–40% larger than the size of the grid cells. If gabions in the course of operation will be constantly exposed to moving masses of water, you should use stones that are twice the size of the grid cells.
Since gabions have an impressive weight, they are distinguished by exceptionally high stability; they are not afraid of even serious ground movements. Fences from gabions or similar structures of any other purpose over time are deposited, compacted, filled with soil particles and overgrown with grass, which not only adds to their reliability, durability and stability, but also makes them even more attractive in decorative terms (this can be assessed even by photo ).
The most common uses for gabions
If earlier gabions served as fortifications and barriers, now they are not only made fences, but also used for a variety of purposes. So, the most common applications of gabions today are:
- production of bearing elements of furniture installed on the plot (tables, benches, chairs, chairs, etc.),
- making decorative fencing for framing lawns and flower beds,
- creation of retaining walls for strengthening hangars and other building structures,
- the creation of such decorative elements of landscape design as stone gardens,
- construction of arches, partitions and strong beds, including those with vertical placement,
- the creation of reinforcing structures for the coastline of rivers, lakes and ponds, located in close proximity to building structures,
- decorating the backyard territory,
- erection of staircase structures.
Garden shop from gabions
Recently, gabions are actively used to divide the local area into zones that perform various functions. So, ordering the manufacture of such structures from specialized companies or making gabions with your own hands, with their help, you can separate the recreation area from the common territory of the plot, frame the flowerbed or lawn nicely, zone the area where the stove, brazier or summer shower will be installed.
Advantages of using gabion structures
Often, those who are going to order or make gabions with their own hands are wondering what advantages such constructions have. The most significant of these benefits usually include the following.
- For the construction of gabions do not need special construction equipment, which allows you to save the surrounding landscape in its original form.
- Due to the peculiarities of its internal structure, gabions perfectly pass air and water flows through themselves, without adversely affecting the green spaces that grow inside such a fence.
- On gabions, in which soil accumulates over time, grass grows, which makes the appearance of such structures even more attractive.
- Since the stones used for internal filling of gabions do not bond to each other and remain mobile, such structures do not create significant hydrostatic pressure.
- Even with significant soil displacements associated with seasonality, gabions do not lose their integrity, and can only deform slightly.
- The strength and reliability of gabions over the years only increases: between the stones in the grid, weaving them with their roots, various plants gradually grow.
Retaining wall of gabions
Types of gabions and features of their design
Before deciding how to make gabions on your own, you should deal with their design features, which depend on the type of structure. According to the generally accepted classification, gabion structures are divided into the following types:
- box-type gabions
- flat gabions,
- cylindrical type structures.
The main types of gabions
Box-type gabion is often also called the Jumbo. Such a construction, except for the box-shaped form, is distinguished by the fact that the cells of its grid are six- or quadrilateral. Box-shaped gabions are the most dimensional of similar structures, they can have a two-meter width, six-meter length and a meter height. Box-shaped gabions, as a rule, are equipped with additional partitions, which serve to reinforce their walls, and the framework of such structures can be made not only of twisted, but also of welded mesh.
The main fields of application of box-type gabions are:
- manufacture of structures that protect the soil from erosion,
- production of retaining walls,
- strengthening of slopes, construction of gabions, fences, etc.
Structural scheme of box gabion
Cylindrical gabions are often called sacks. Such structures, characterized by increased flexibility, are mainly used to strengthen the foundations located under water.
The main areas of application of flat gabions (Reno mattresses), whose height can be in the range of 17-30 cm, are:
- creation of the basis for the construction of retaining walls,
- landscape design,
- ensuring fixation of bridge cones,
- Strengthening of the river bed and coastal zone,
- construction of protective structures for pipelines.
How to make a gabion by yourself
On the modern market there are many companies for which the production of gabion structures is one of the main areas of activity. It is possible to order from such companies a fence from turnkey gabions or a design from a grid and stones of any other appointment. To save on such services, you can make gabions yourself, just following the recommendations of experts.
So, in order to independently make your gabion, you need to develop a project for a future construction, based on, for example, a photo from the Internet. To develop a project, you must perform the following steps:
- make measurements of the site where the future construction is planned,
- mark the gabion installation site,
- make a drawing of a future construction with an indication of all its dimensions,
- select gabion fill material,
- calculate the amount of materials from which the construction will be made.
Diagram of the retaining wall of the box-type gabins
It should be borne in mind that in order for you to have exactly enough materials, their quantity, which will be obtained as a result of the calculations made, must be multiplied by 10–15% (and purchased with such a margin). When choosing a mesh for the future gabion, pay attention to the products with double torsion. Such a grid is more flexible, while it is more durable and reliable.
What is required
In order to make your own gabions, you will need the following consumables:
- brackets, by means of which two adjacent walls of the structure will be connected (instead of such brackets, if they could not be purchased, you can use a spiral twist wire),
- steel pins, which are necessary in order to fix the created structure at the place of its installation,
- steel braces used as fasteners for two opposite walls of the gabion.
Tools for work
In addition, to make a gabion yourself, you must prepare certain tools:
Since you will have to work with steel wire in the manufacture of gabions, it is better to do all the work with thick gloves.
The stability, reliability and strength characteristics that distinguish such metal mesh structures filled with stones allow them to form hills and hollows in their backyards, create artificial ponds and other structures for decorative and practical purposes.
Metal mesh selection
How to make a gabion so that it lasts a long time and pleased with its decorative characteristics? It should first of all choose the right grid. Pre-fabricated mesh structures are required for the manufacture of flat-type gabions. Gabions of this type are used for framing flowerbeds, lawns, construction of fountains and artificial reservoirs. Considering the fact that such structures will be used in open air conditions and in fairly unfavorable conditions, the grid for their manufacture should be chosen only with a protective coating, which can be zinc or a layer of PVC. It should be borne in mind that for gabions do not use wire whose diameter is less than 2.7 mm.
The higher the calculated load, the larger diameter will be needed wire for gabion
Creating gabions from welded mesh
Gabions, the structural elements of which are joined by welding, are made of thicker wire, the thickness of which, however, should not exceed 0.8 cm. The lengths of wire from which such structures are made are laid perpendicularly relative to each other, and at the intersections by welding. Using similar technology, it is possible to make a fence of gabions with your own hands, filling the inside of a welded mesh design with stones of a large fraction.
When constructing columnar gabions, it is recommended to use welded structures, especially if they will carry additional load (wickets, gates or spans)
The grid, made of large-diameter wire segments interconnected by welding, is used to create:
- base construction
- retaining elements
- supporting structural elements.
The choice of material for filling gabion structures
One of the most difficult issues that has to be solved when making gabions with your own hands is the choice of material with which such a structure will be filled. Criteria in this case are:
- taste preferences
- financial opportunities,
- conditions in which the created object will be operated.
When choosing a filler for gabion, first of all, you should look at the materials available in your area.
In addition to natural stones, which have already been mentioned above, you can use as materials for filling gabions:
- whole or broken brick
- battered tiles
- plastic pipe lengths
- wood cuts,
- car tires, cut into pieces,
- aluminum cans
- large bumps
- pieces of bark, etc.
Brief instructions for the manufacture of gabion fence
In order to make a fence of gabions, which you are going to make yourself, pleased you with its reliability and decorative characteristics, you can use the following step-by-step instruction.
- The site on which the gabion will be installed is cleared of plants, stones and leveled.
- Under the placement of support pillars of the created structure, pits are dug 0.4–0.5 m deep.
- The supporting pillars of the structure are installed and filled with concrete.
- After the concrete hardens (after three or four days), the framework of the structure is mounted around the supporting pillars. The latter connects to the support pillars using bolted joints or clamps.
- The cut end parts of the wire are treated with a protective compound.
- The inside of the mesh frame is filled with the material selected for this purpose.
- A cover is installed and fixed on the upper part of the structure.
The process of creating a gabion is divided into three parts: the installation of supports, the installation of the mesh frame and its filling
Filling the inside of the frame with stones, you should not forget to install the screeds of the opposite walls of the structure, which will keep them parallel to each other. If the gabion frame is a reinforced bar structure, the distance between them can be increased using chain-link fencing.
There are many options for how to make such a structure, like a gabion, with your own hands. Such diversity allows you to decorate your garden with unique decorative elements with minimal financial costs.
1 Do you need a cell with pebbles in the plot?
Gabion is an Italian word. The literal meaning is "big cell." They are known to mankind a long time before the invention of small arms, when they began to be used as a cover for shooters in trenches. These constructions have been successfully used even now to strengthen coastlines, to protect against avalanches or landslides, to build fish farms and other objects.
Why did gabions deserve popularity among private developers? With this design, you can not only create original and beautiful flower beds, fountains made of stones, gazebos or fences. Gabion can be used to improve the adjoining buildings. It is known that the stone slowly heats up, but retains heat for a long time. This property can be used to insulate baths, external walls of the house, greenhouse.
Gabion reminds of unity with nature, about what a person always seeks at a subconscious level. And if you still surround the structures filled with stone with vegetation or, on the contrary, plant flowers in a stone cage, you will get incredible harmony: an eternal stone - and fragile living greens. The device of beds and lawns is far from the only possibility of using gabions. Fence, zoning of the site, decoration of a gazebo or a swimming pool are by no means a complete list of gabion applications.
Another draws gabion simplicity of design. To build a large cage and fill it with stones - there is nothing easier. Therefore, more and more people decide to construct gabions with their own hands, because for this purpose, quite simple enough skills in tool ownership and basic knowledge of welding. Also, the parameters of the durability of the gabion are correlated with stone - a natural material that can survive both the house and its owners.
It should be noted mobility designs. If there is a need for redevelopment, gabion can be easily disassembled and moved to another location. Also for its arrangement no formwork or excavation is required. This design does not require additional costs for cement mortar to bond, but does not lose its strength. The only exception is a tall structure from a gabion, for example, a fence. In such cases, dig a small trench, level the surface and arrange a pre-layer of geotextile. For low gabions, no surface preparation is required.
Gabions have one more indisputable superiority - high environmental friendliness of the material, which allows to expand the scope of its application.
The price issue is one of the most important in any construction. For comparison, let us take a reinforced concrete fence (it is closer to stone for durability) and gabion: the estimated cost of 1 m 3 for reinforced concrete reaches 20,000 rubles, and for gabion - 7,000 rubles (depending on the type of stone, the price may be even lower). The flexibility of the metal mesh allows you to build a gabion of any configuration, which will be an undoubted advantage for design ideas. And yet, of course, the device of the fence from gabions is an excellent solution to the issue of noise absorption.
2 How to fill the gabion?
The stone is the filler and the main part of the gabion. It is he who gives the appearance of the facility. And it is better to use the natural material of the area where such a fence is arranged. Firstly, the natural look emphasizes the dignity and harmony of the house with the environment. Secondly, the very presence of a stone in the locality removes the question of its acquisition. It remains only to deliver it to the site, which can be quite inexpensive.
If there is no stone in the natural landscape, but would you like to arrange a gabion? In this case, the material will have to be purchased. It will cost more, but there is one advantage - the choice. And the range of fillers today is so great that it is worth understanding in more detail.
Basalt, quartzite, diorite and granite rocks are most often used to fill the mesh. It is also possible to use sandstone or other types of stone with high strength. In the case of using gabion as a decorative design element, it is appropriate to use glass, wood, broken tiles and other materials.
It is important to choose the material and in the form. If the filling is used for underwater structures, the shape of the stone does not matter. Even chipped pieces of reinforced concrete are suitable for this purpose. For elements of landscape design choose the shape and size in accordance with the designer's plan.
And what about the size? For the construction of underwater or coastal fortifications, the diameter of the stone must be half the size of the cell in the gabion grid. This is due to the requirement for increased stability in the aquatic environment. Smaller stones will be washed out with water. For a device of this design in dry areas, the size of the filler should be 1/3 part more than the cell size. To close the free space between large stones in the gabion, a slight addition of smaller material (up to 10%) is allowed. But small stones should not freely pass through the grid cell. Moreover, such an additive is permissible only for ground structures.
3 metal box device
Metal mesh - the second mandatory part in the device gabion. Ready boxes with different cell sizes can now be purchased. But for those who decided to build gabions with their own hands, we will tell you how to choose the right wire. Given that the structure will be in the open air, you need to choose a material with anti-corrosion properties. The best option is galvanized twisted wire with a cross section of 2.2–4.0 mm.
Despite the fact that the finished boxes and nets are offered in a wide range, making a gabion with your own hands is somewhat more profitable and more convenient, because it gives the flexibility of performance. After all, if you do not find a suitable size of the finished grid that corresponds to your idea, creating a metal cage on your own may be the only option to execute the draft.
Kohl, you decided to act solely with your own hands, now let's take a closer look at how to make a gabion. If the mesh is made with the use of welding, then in the places of the seams additional fastening is applied by twisting the wire, previously cut into suitable pieces. The size of the cells depends on the stone with which the gabion will be filled. The length and height of the fence are measured at the site.
To avoid creeping under its own weight, each section is reinforced at the corners with metal pins. To increase cell strength, additional stiffening ribs can be arranged. For such purposes, suitable rod of rebar, deeply dug into the ground. If the cage height is more than 0.5 m, the filling is carried out in three stages.. Each time, falling asleep stones by 1/3, it is necessary to connect the opposite walls to each other, so that the structure under the load does not deform.
Since it is almost impossible to make a gabion with a height of more than 0.25 m without the threat of further slipping, it is not recommended to tension the net with a solid line, without dividing sections. This can also lead to deformation. From the finished mesh, you can build a gabion of cylindrical or round shape, fastening it along the edge of the twisted wire. Such unusual blotches will give an interesting look to the design of the site. The rabbit is better used as an auxiliary material for the device of a gabion structure, although such a mesh is easier to deform, which is important when making it yourself, but this will be its disadvantage later on, and it is also less durable and not sufficiently resistant to corrosion. It is better to apply it to the interlayer in the high sections.
When the manufacture of homemade gabion is completed, you need to properly fill it with material. It is not recommended to fill the sections with too large stones, then there will be a lot of free space between them, which will need to be occupied with smaller stones. And they will slip through a large cell and get enough sleep around the grid. If you make a fence of gabions with your own hands, which must hold or break water flows, for example, in the coastal strip, then filling it more than 2/3 is dangerous. The strength of a wave or rapid flow can easily overturn a structure.
Construction waste can be used to load the mesh in the interior. To do this, the cavity inside the gabion, between the front sides, is pre-filled with geotextile, and then various materials are placed so that they do not protrude. The outer sides of the cage are laid out with beautiful stones.
If you plan to make a high fence (up to 3 m) from gabions, then you can make it from separate sections. But then you have to work a little. Because for the stability of each other, the structure will have to have a rigid frame. Usually the sections are welded from metal corners, to which the mesh is then attached. The cells gain more weight, but it becomes a guarantee of sustainability, if you, of course, collect the fence, maintaining the vertical level. Of course, it is better to provide an additional fixation of the cells among themselves, even the simplest one - with wire.
New look at the fence
If you are faced with the choice of material for the manufacture of the fence, then you should think about gabions. It is believed that the fence should be made of brickwork, corrugated, metal, wooden shtaketnika or reinforced concrete. Each of these structures has a number of disadvantages.
If you belong to connoisseurs of original ideas, then we recommend that you familiarize yourself with gabions as material for making fences. This is a kind of bulk fences that preserve the natural attractiveness of the internal filler, for example, stone or wood. Such fences are perfectly combined with decorative flowers and lawns.
If stone structures need to be connected with a cement-sand mortar, then gabions do not require this, since the stones are held by an inconspicuous framework.
The fence from the gabion can have different sizes, thickness and height. Separate elements can be installed tightly or at some distance from each other. Before buying or self-manufacturing the gabion, it is important to determine its functional purpose and the surrounding landscape elements. Paths paved from the same stone, artificial ponds and bridges, as well as flower beds from pergon will look good.
Gabions also go well with hedges. Fences with a filling of blue-gray or pink marble, as well as white limestone look impressive. With the right approach, even the most common stones of large sizes can become an exquisite decoration of the garden plot.
This photo guide shows how to make a simple fence from gabions:
Manufacturing technology from a chain-link mesh
So, for the manufacture of box gabions, you will need:
- the grid link from galvanization with PVC a covering which will prevent metal corrosion,
- reinforcing bars Ø 6–8 mm used for the manufacture of stiffeners and gabion framework,
- galvanized flexible wire Ø 3 mm, used to attach the grid to the frame,
- filler - stones or other of the above materials that exceed the dimensions of the grid cells.
The first step is to weld the gabion frame of 4 long and 8 short reinforcing bars. On the sides and in the plane of the bottom of the frame, weld several vertical and horizontal rows, thus giving the framework the appearance of a trellised box.
Before installing the frame should prepare the ground. First, dig a trench under the gabion depth of 15 cm. Then make a sand-gravel pad. So that the weed does not sprout and does not spoil the gabion, and in order to avoid direct contact of the metal with the ground, it is necessary to waterproof the base.
The cage cage can already be moved to the place of permanent dislocation. Now the gabion should be covered with a netting chain, fixing it on the reinforcing bars with wire. After this gabion should be filled with filler. It is worth noting that the gabion of the mesh-chain-link looks very attractive. In terms of strength, it is not inferior to its purchased counterpart.
The finished design will serve you for many years, but it still depends on the aggressiveness of the external environment. Over the course of 5–10 years, the masonry is so compacted that the strength of the lattice no longer plays such an important role. But if you want the structure to continue to be attractive, it is better to replace the layer of worn mesh in a timely manner.
So, based on the above information, it is easy to make a gabion yourself, and this pleasure will cost you inexpensively. However, it is worth noting that purchased gabions are more durable, and you will have to spend much less time to install them.
If you have questions on the topic or wish to share your own experience in the manufacture of gabions, then write comments to this article. You can get additional recommendations from our expert.
You can learn more about how gabions are made by watching the footage:
What is gabion and what is it for?
The word "gabion" of French origin and literally translated as "big cell". So called metal mesh, which are made of twisted wire. Usually the shape of the gabion really resembles a cell, although it is possible to make more curly options that can be used to decorate the design of your site in an original way. Various stones are poured into the nets, which create an attractive, neat look to the fence.
In domestic terminology in accordance with GOST R 51285-99, gabions are also called gabion mesh products (GSI). Requirements of regulatory documents involve the use of metal cells, which are the correct hexagon. However, in landscape design, you can use completely different options, since GOST contains instructions for the use of products in the economic sphere.
Gabions are used in different areas:
- in the design of the site - as enclosing the territory and figures,
protection of the coastal strip from water erosion during the flood period,
strengthening of bridge supports and other engineering structures to protect them from erosion with melt, sedimentary or groundwater,
Thus, if originally gabions were used for purely practical, protective purposes, now they are becoming one of the modern design tools.
What are the advantages of gabions?
The reason for the popularity of gabions lies in the advantages that they give in comparison with other stone products:
- Gabions are much cheaper than solid stone slabs and it is much easier to deliver them to the right place.
- It is easier to work with gabions than with a plate.
- Gabions make it possible to display much more creative imagination, since the stone slab has a shape prepared in advance, and the grid can be constructed of any size and type by adapting it specifically to your site.
- Due to the fact that metal grids bend very well, the gabion will naturally take the shape of the surface on which it is placed. As a result, even during the flood season, the rainy season design will be fairly stable without additional supports.
- The gabion itself is very durable: stones and metal practically do not deteriorate from moisture and temperature differences. In addition, there is no need to make a special drainage system for water drainage - as a result, time and money are saved during installation.
- In terms of care, such constructions are also undemanding - just follow the external cleanliness.
- Gabions, which are used as a fence, absorb noise well and keep dust from the road, which settles on the uneven, relief surface of stones.
- Gabions can well strengthen the soil on the site, if you lay out the structure around its perimeter - stones are more reliable than textile fibers, sand and other drainage to protect from erosion.
- Finally, a fence, a support or a figure from a gabion is a really safe product from the point of view of environmental friendliness: stone and metal do not pose any threat to health and do not pollute the site.
Thus, gabions are metal grids that are filled with stones (it happens that other materials are also available). It is possible to assemble gabions with your own hands - step by step instructions are quite simple.
The only disadvantage of these products is their relatively large weight. If small gabions can be removed and manually, then for more capital options you need to carefully think about the location - to move them without damaging the mesh is almost impossible.
THIS IS INTERESTING Over time, the cells of gabions will begin to fill with earth, sand with seeds of plants that will begin to germinate right between the stones. Strangely enough, but this gives the structure additional strength due to the fact that the space between the cobblestones is filled, and the whole gabion acquires a monolithic structure.
Wire for gabions
To enhance the commonly used technology double torsion. The requirements are obvious for a metal base:
- resistance to corrosion (especially for underwater gabions).
To make a gabion with your own hands according to step-by-step instructions, you should use a galvanized steel mesh, since it is most resistant to moisture, precipitation, humidity and temperature extremes.
The following types of wires are used:
- with zinc coating (layer density from 250 g / m2),
- with an anti-corrosion alloy coating (zinc 90% and aluminum 5%),
- PVC-coated is a fairly new variety: the coating consists of artificial organic polymers that, due to chemical inertness, do not interact with moisture, air and other environmental components, and polymers are resistant to low, high temperatures and temperature differences.
Along with the twisted wire, specially designed for weaving the mesh, knitting is often used in gabion designs, which also fixes the core to the frame. Since in this case the knitting wire serves as fastening materials, special requirements are imposed on it:
- Wire breaks are not allowed.
- All ends need to be twisted together or nastavlivat.
- The length of the twist should be 2 cm or more.
- The main requirement is exact adherence to the ratio of sizes (diameter and length) of the wire, edges and bundles of elements. Experimentally derived a certain relationship between these parameters - the relevant data are presented in the table.
Technology of forming gabion from the grid
The technology of creating a single structure from a sheet of metal mesh can be of 2 types:
- Frame: gabions are made of a grid with regular cells in the form of regular hexagons. The grid is fixed on the frame, which is also made of metal.
- Welded: wire or steel rods are intertwined and welded together in a box or cylinder (depending on the project).
It is the welded structures that have the greatest strength: welding allows you to solder the bars as much as possible and keep them in this state, despite the strong tension from the protruding stones. In addition, welded gabions look more attractive, and unlike frame, they can be wrapped, turning into original figures or flower beds, so they are used most often in landscape design.
Stones and other fillers for gabions
You can make a gabion yourself, for this you will need simple equipment and available materials (detailed step-by-step instructions are in the appropriate section). It is important to pay particular attention to the filler, because it is the aesthetic appeal of the structure that depends on it.
These are usually stones, but often waste and waste materials are used:
- logs, churbak,
- pipe trimming, etc.
Despite the fact that literally waste is used, in landscape design such products will find their application thanks to an unusual style and warm orange-brown tones.
Specific specifications for the stones are as follows:
- gravity - with a specific weight of stones from 18 kN / m3,
- mechanical strength from 400,
- water absorption not more than 0.6%
- resistance to low temperatures over MP350,
- softening coefficient (from water absorption) from 0.9.
Such requirements are more intended for the construction of complex structures designed for heavy loads (bridge supports, foundations, protection of banks from water erosion, etc.). In living conditions, the stones, in fact, are two basic requirements:
- They must be substantially larger than the cell parameters.
- For colors, it is better to choose light gray or warm shades that contrast well against the background of a lawn or soil. However, in each case, you should focus on your taste and the features of your site.
The relationship between the mesh diameter of the mesh and the size of the stones was experimentally established: the stones should be 1.2–1.5 times larger in diameter compared to the mesh openings. This parameter provides the most uniform location of the pile throughout the volume.
According to various step-by-step instructions for the manufacture of gabions do-it-yourself use the following types of stones:
- plain cobblestones,
- pebbles of different sizes
- granite and basalt,
- career stone (most affordable),
In various design variants, they use both torn stones (with sharp, uneven stones) and rounded (river pebbles). As a rule, it is appropriate to use the last option in constructions with large grids - large uneven stones look not so attractive.
Although in the cases with fences, massive fences it is the large stones that are well stylized under the stone wall, giving it an old, rich look.
For more details on the different versions of the texture of the structures here
Varieties of gabion designs
If only rectangular gabions are used to protect the riverbed and the coast of the river from erosion, then in the décor of the plot you can use different types, which basically can be reduced to 3 groups:
- Box-shaped - classic parallelepiped shape designs.
Such products are still used most often in the construction of protective structures, supports, as well as hedges or steps. As a rule, the boxes are 1-2 meters wide, and from 0.5 to 1 meter high. The length of such products is at least 2 meters, maximum - 6
Flat - in the form of a mattress (sometimes they are called: mattress mattress).
Cylindrical - in the form of a cylinder.
Separately distinguished welded and mesh structures that differ in production technology: mesh are made by winding and fixing on the frame, and welded - by welding different parts of the metal mesh.
Finally, a separate category is distinguished - the so-called Jumbo gabions (from the huge jumbo - huge). These are rectangular, korbchaty products that are particularly large in size:
- length from 3 to 6 meters
- width 2 meters (standard)
- height 0.5 meters.
The use of large structures allows, on the one hand, to significantly reduce the cost of production technology, and on the other, to use them for construction purposes:
- additional support for foundations under buildings,
- obstacles for avalanches, landslides.
Used Jumbo and to create underwater supports. In this case, the service life becomes practically unlimited due to the fact that sludge constantly gets into the space between the stones, which is compressed over time, due to which the whole structure acquires additional strength. Even if the metal mesh disintegrates completely due to corrosion, the gabion itself continues to stand as a whole.
Gabions do-it-yourself: step-by-step instruction and video
Materials that are needed to create a gabion are as follows:
- metal mesh,
- steel pins for the frame,
- metal spirals
- wire stapler
- digging tools
- geotextile - drainage (needed for additional preservation of stones from water destruction),
- actually stones or other filler.
Installation of boxes
We give a step-by-step instruction for the installation of a gabion with your own hands on the example of the most common box construction:
- Box-shaped gabion comes disassembled, flat - you need to get it and put it on a flat surface.
All elements are bent along the lines and fastened with a stapler and a knitting wire.
NOTE. If gabions are installed in 2 or more rows, but they are placed close to the front parts or "backs". The location of the "face-back" reduces the strength of the entire structure.
More clearly the whole process can be seen here.
Installation of cylindrical structures
Cylindrical gabions have their own specifics - in this case, step-by-step instructions for collecting the structure with your own hands will be different:
- These sheets also come in a flat form, so initially they need to be expanded on a flat surface.
There is already a wire in the edge - with its help you need to wrap the sheet in a cylinder. And immediately pull from one side.
Installation of mattress gabions
In this case, the mounting technology is as follows:
- The product is laid out on a flat surface, in this case it is very important to straighten all the elements, because the "mattress" consists of several internal sections.
All side surfaces and internal partitions are raised and fixed at the corners with a knitting wire.
Gabions in landscape design: a photo gallery with a description
Along with the fact that gabions can be created with your own hands according to the above step-by-step instructions, you can use them not only as fences, but also full-fledged ornaments on the site. The undoubted advantage of such structures is a combination of practicality (fencing, protection of the soil from erosion), durability and aesthetic appeal.
The use of these products in garden design is limited only by the user's imagination, since there are a large number of options - from traditional to unusual. Here are some ideas and photos for inspiration.
The fence of such structures is a classic design that reliably protects the house and the site from dust and noise. Such fences are created both from gabions themselves and in combination with wood materials.
Fences from gabions
From such structures can be made small fencing, organizing the space inside the site. They will give the whole territory a more neat, attractive look.
You can start with the fact that gabions are great for the design of the entrance area or terrace. If the house is on a high enough hill, then the whole territory next to the stairs can also be arranged in the form of steps.
Gabions, therefore, can be used not only as a fence, but also as a basis for a wooden fence. Moreover, if the height is rather high (from half a meter), then it is better to additionally reinforce the structures with concrete columns, and to finish with a tree or slabs on top.
Classic options - creating internal borders along the track. If you put on top of basalt tiles or plywood, you get a full bench.
Finally, from such structures can be made and full-fledged seats, as shown in the photo.
If you stylize the entire recreation area under the promenade area, make the lighting, it turns out to be an interesting rather interesting option.
Lanterns and wiring are laid directly into the stones during construction.
Benches are created and with the help of wooden plates.
It is interesting that such products penetrate even into the design of the premises - if you want to diversify the furniture and the interior of the apartment, you can try to start the experiment with gabions.
Flowerbeds from gabions
Gabions, unlike tires and other materials, will be an excellent option for flower and decorative flower beds, because the soil lying among the stones is not subject to any erosion (destruction) - either from the side of moisture or the wind. For flowerbeds, it is best to use stones of lighter shades, against which greens and flowers themselves will be particularly well contrasted and decorate the garden plot.
Special attention deserves the construction-maze. This is a really beautiful flower bed that can liven up the space. As a rule, they are located in the center or at the corners of the garden, observing symmetry.
An interesting option - portable designs that will serve as a full-fledged flowerpots. Due to their originality, they will serve as a kind of business card of the garden plot - right above the stones you can place a layer of soil in which to plant flowers or ornamental plants.
For the manufacture of these types of gabions with your own hands, you can use the technology described above in step-by-step instructions, and take, for example, this drawing as a basis.
Changing the shape, you can achieve designs of various species.
PAY ATTENTION Especially good flowerbeds from gabions are suitable for flowers that do not like excess moisture - the liquid will flow down over the stones, as a result of which the soil will not receive excessive moisture.
Gabionovye designs - this is a new direction in landscape design. They combine practicality, reliability and visual appeal. In addition, such products are cheaper than conventional fences due to the fact that all components (stones and mesh) are inexpensive. That is why gabions are becoming increasingly popular among owners of country houses.
And finally - video selection of additional options for the use of gabions on the site.