Pyrethrum strongly resembles a camomile with bright petals. It has a decorative effect and the ability to deter insects, such as fleas and bed bugs.
Piraetrum refers to herbaceous perennials from the family Asteraceae, or asters.
Translated from the Greek language Pyretos means fever, fever. The active substance is parthenolide, which is contained in the culture, has healing properties. Its action is compared with aspirin.
In common people, a plant is called a clerk, or chamomile.
There are more than 100 varieties of feverfew that grow on the expanses of Eurasia and the North American continent.
The stem of the pyrethrum is erect, branched, slightly pubescent. Leaves are arranged in order, dissected. Lonely baskets that represent inflorescences gather in the form of a shield. The marginal flowers are reed, snow-white or pinkish, with different tints, to dark red, in the center are tubular, small, yellow. Lush flowers are like asters or gerberas. The fruit-achene is distinguished by a pale brown color, 5-10 ribs and a lobed or serrated crown. Up to 400 pieces are contained in 1 g of seed, germination is maintained for 3 years.
On a note. Blooming feverfew baskets are pruned. The manipulation will ensure repeated flowering in August.
Planting feverfew on open sunny flower beds with loose soil is responsible for the development of culture. Like the penumbra plants. Pyrethrum is frost-resistant.
Methods of reproduction of feverfew:
When applying the seed method, seedlings are expected after 10-14 days. In the southern regions, the plant will delight flowering in the fall. But the pyrethrum has small flowers for the first year, but each next season their charm will not leave indifferent neighbors.
In the south, a perennial plant is not sheltered for the winter. In conditions of severe cold, you need to cut the culture, Mulch near the bush and cover with spruce branches. In an unheated greenhouse, the operation is repeated. With the advent of spring, shelter is removed, loosen the ground near the outlet and feed with mineral fertilizer.
More than 50 varieties of feverfew are grown in summer cottages. Decorative feverfew falls on the arrival of the summer season. The flowering period of the culture is a month.
In pyrethrum, flowers represent a source of natural pyrethrin, which is very toxic to insects. Dry flowers were contained in the famous Persian powder, which in the old days successfully fought with bugs and fleas. Today, the plant, due to its insecticidal property, is used to counter pests of the garden. To prepare the product, you will need 1000 g of chopped green raw materials (together with flowers), into which 10 l of steep var are poured. Cover the dishes and let stand for 12 hours. Then the contents are filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3. The drug is used against harmful insects: thrips, spider mites, weevils, as well as nematodes and caterpillars. Effective processing of livestock from parasites, including places of detention.
Important! Due to the tendency of pyrethrin to photooxidation, the correct use of the infusion is appreciated - in the evening.
Pyrethrum is a herbaceous, perennial plant. According to the classification, it belongs to the Astrov family. In translation feverfew is “heat”. Once a plant helped relieve heat and fever. The flower is also known by the names chamomile, Persian, Caucasian or Dalmatian chamomile, so named by place of origin.
Variety of species
About 100 types of feverfew are known, and about 50 have gained garden distribution.
The most popular of them:
- Feverfew with dense shoots branching at the top. The bush and leaves are similar to chrysanthemums. Leaves deeply dissected, pale green. A bush 50 cm high is decorated with inflorescences with a lush, pompous core. Pyrethrum flowers are white and yellow, 2-3 cm each, as in the photo of the flowers. The species is represented by several varieties:
• White Stars - a compact small plant 25 cm high. It blooms with snow-white, pompom inflorescences.
• Gold Ball is a dense, dwarf bush that blooms with double yellow flowers.
• Schneebal - a compact plant with white, terry inflorescences.
• Virgo has spherical, white buds.
Maiden Pyrethrum pink It is considered a perennial with a branched stem 60-70 cm high. Light green foliage of a dissected type is collected in the lower part of the erect processes. Single inflorescences with pale pink long petals. The size of the basket with a yellow center of 6 cm. It blooms in June and delights with flowers for a month. The motherland is located in Transcaucasia, where during flowering it covers the mountain slopes. Varieties:
• Brenda with bright pink terry flowers.
• Kelway Glorious blooms in scarlet, full of inflorescences.
• Atrosanguinea has dark red, large flowers with a yellow center. The bush is tall, branched.
• James Kelvey - 60 cm tall bush with red flowers.
Pink Large-leaf pyrethrum refers to tall species. Its height is 1-1.5 m. The bush with weak branching is covered with cirrus-dissected leaves. Scutellar inflorescences are large, 10 cm in diameter. Petals are white, small.
Large leaf Pyrethrum Shield found in the foothills of Altai, the Caucasus and Eastern Europe. Rhizome plant with single stems. Cirrus or cirrus leaves in the basal part grow on long petioles. Stem leaves are sessile, with a similar structure. During flowering, a lot of corymbose baskets appear on tall, pubescent legs. The flower has a spherical bed and white petals.
Shield Balsamic feverfew growing in the Caucasus. The height of the plant is 1.5 m. At the beginning of flowering, it has white flowers, and in the end they turn brown-red.
For the reproduction of pyrethrum, seeds, petioles and division of the bush are used.
It is easiest to get new bushes with the help of seeds, which annually ripen a sufficient amount. It should be borne in mind that the flowers are pollinated and seedlings will not retain varietal characteristics. Even from seeds extracted from one fruit, inflorescences of different colors will grow.
Sowing seedlings is carried out in the first half of March. Small containers are filled with a mixture of peat and sand. Dive is carried out after the appearance of at least 2 leaves. On the flowerbed planted in May. In the first year, you should not wait for a friendly flowering. Only part of the bushes will bloom.
You can sow the seeds of pyrethrum immediately in the open ground. Do it in the spring when the soil warms up. Fortified seedlings are planted with an interval between bushes of 20-30 cm.
Division of the bush and cuttings
In feverfews, the bush actively grows with side shoots. The bush grows and is subject to division every 3-4 years. After flowering, the bush is removed from the ground and cleaned from the ground. The division is carried out by hand. Delen should be large. They are immediately placed in holes and watered.
Cuttings are cut from young, basal processes. You can do this from May to August. For rooting, they are placed in partial shade in a nutritious, airy substrate. It is constantly kept moist, and to reduce evaporation, the cuttings are covered with a film. Ventilation and irrigation are done regularly. Rooting will occur after 2-3 weeks. Then you can transplant from the garden.
The plant needs a minimum of attention, which will please busy gardeners. The area for the feverfew should be lit and sunny. In partial shade, the bushes stretch more.
The composition of the soil is suitable for anyone except heavy and marshy. The composition of acidic soil is improved by applying ash. Fertile land will provide large and vibrant flowers. Stagnation of water in the area for pyrethrum should not be.
Removing dry inflorescences will preserve the decorative effect and prolong flowering, and there will be no self-seeding yet. At the feverfew you can get the second flowering, if immediately after the first cut off all the peduncles. For high grades, a garter is required.
Pyrethrum is not recommended to be kept in one place. The roots actively grow and intertwine, and the soil depletes over time. A transplant is needed every 3-4 years with the simultaneous division of the bush.
The flower is cold-resistant and winter well in the soil. With the onset of cold weather, the stems are pruned, and the bush is covered with peat, dry leaves, spruce branches.
Watering and feeding
Pyrethrum is drought tolerant. They need watering only on hot days. Otherwise, the leaves lose turgor, and the earth cracks. Moisture is important for flowers at the time of flowering.
New plantings are immediately mulched with peat or cut grass. Mulch will protect against moisture loss, crusting and annoying weeds.
Fertilizer is applied 2-3 times a season. Mullein is favorable for flowering and growth. The first top dressing is done in the spring, before the buds open. When the flowering is completed, fertilize with complex fertilizer. In late summer and early autumn, bushes are watered with herbal infusion.
The plant is immune to disease. Among the pests, its greens were chosen by slugs. They are disposed of by distribution of ash and crushed eggshells next to bushes. Black aphids that infect the stems of a plant are fought by spraying with insecticides.
Pyrethrum in the flowerbed
Bright colors of the feverfew will become a decoration of the garden. The plant is suitable for compositions in a natural style. Groups of bushes are placed along the paths and around the perimeter of the flower garden. The pyrethrum looks great in mixborders, discounts and in combination with shrubs. Dwarf types of pyrethrum are used for landscaping balconies and terraces, planted in street flowerpots. Borders and carpet beds are formed from the girl’s re-room.
Good neighbors for feverfew will be bells, red poppies, yarrow, nyvyanik, doronicum, cosmea, popovnik and felicia.
High stems are used for cutting and for combined bouquets.
1. Place of landing.
Chamomile feverfew grow well on flat open areas, as well as in partial shade. Such flowers can be planted near trees and shrubs, as well as in an open sunny place.
Chamomile does not like heavy clay or wetlands, because the root system of the plant begins to hurt, rot and the flower dies.
Chamomile pyrethrum reproduces well with the help of seeds. Chamomile seeds are similar to aster seeds. They can be collected in the fall and planted next year. Chamomile seeds retain their germination for three years.
Moreover, when collecting seeds, the color of the chamomile is not preserved, and when planting, multi-colored flowers can grow.
We plant chamomile seeds in spring with the onset of warm weather. Also, these flowers can be planted in the summer, they will have time to give a beautiful bloom.
We plant seeds immediately in open ground or seedlings. It depends on how quickly the gardener wants to get a bright bloom of daisies. If the seeds were sown in April seedlings, then in early summer, chamomile will bloom.
And how to use the crop you can find on my channel "The joy of being», Where I publish for you many exclusive recipes for homemade preparations.
Caucasian chamomile, or feverfew red
The plant grows in natural conditions in the Caucasus in the mountains.
A distinctive feature of Caucasian chamomile is poisonous. It poses a mortal threat to insects, but is safe for warm-blooded animals and humans. The flowers have an intense red tone.
Interesting. Popular cultures of red pyrethrum with terry inflorescences of burgundy, pink, milk color.
The culture comes from southern Europe. Most users know chamomile pharmacy, or chamomile matricaria, firsthand. Matricaria chamomile, or uterine grass, in Latin sounds like a matrix and translates as a uterus due to its healing properties and its use in gynecology. In the Middle Ages, they cultivated grass in vegetable gardens for pharmacies. It was believed that the healing broths of the feverfew of girlish matricaria help during childbirth.
Later, perennial aroused interest, both gardeners and breeders.
The unpretentious culture has other names - maiden chrysanthemum, Turkish chamomile. The plant resembles a chrysanthemum with the shape of carved leaves and aroma. The growth of low strongly branched bushes is 40 cm. There are numerous flower-balls with a diameter of 2.5 cm. Terry varieties of chamomile are in demand.
Reproduction of Turkish chamomile occurs self-seeding, it is characterized by vitality and unpretentiousness in care.
It grows on any soil except sandstones. When the heat is required to water and weed at an early stage of growth.
In common people, the species is called chamomile. In another way they also call corymbal tansy. It grows in mainland meadows. The pyrethrum of the corymbal has strongly developed roots.
Reference. The height of single stems is 40-120 cm.
A lot of beautiful baskets are formed during flowering - up to 20, which are strewn with a bush. In thyroid inflorescences, as a rule, white color. The culture does not have varietal varieties.
Dalmatian chamomile, or pyrethrum ash leaf
The structure and color of the baskets is like a daisy because of the white edges and the yellow core. A lot of natural insecticide is found in pyrethrum ash leaf. Dalmatian plants are used as raw materials for the production of Pyrethrum.
According toinstructions, the drug will reliably protect pets and housing from parasites:
To decorate the site, a perennial plant is cultivated in the Far East and the south of the Russian Federation. The species is characterized by low frost resistance and exacting lighting.
Leafy Pyrethrum, or Piretrum Macrophyllum
The perennial is distinguished by impressive dimensions - up to 150 cm tall. Small white flowers gather in large shield-shaped baskets with 10 cm diameter. At the end of flowering, the color of the plant acquires a reddish tone.
Perennial differs in impressive dimensions - growth up to 150 cm
Looks great in plantings with decorative cereals.
Pyrethrum The Scarlet Star is a spectacular perennial plant, grows up to 0.75 m. The diameter of the inflorescences is 12 cm. The tubular buds have a yellow color, the reed ones are intense red. The star is used for group plantings and for soloing in the front garden, as well as for cutting.
Works well with:
Pyrethrum responds to recharge. The plant is not grown for more than 4 years in a row in one bed due to the growth of bushes and weakening of flowering.
Pluses of the plant:
- compatibility with other perennial crops,
- burgundy tide of petals.
Chamomile chemist's, green and golden
The most famous type of daisy is the pharmacy, which in the scientific community is called Matricaria chamomilla. Her leaves are very small, simple, sessile with a cirrus-dissected type of venation. Knowledge of these features helps to distinguish a plant from species with similar inflorescences.
The leaves of real chamomile are similar to the leaves of dill.
The size of the pharmacy chamomile inflorescences is about 2.5 cm in diameter. Two types of flowers are located in its basket. On the convex receptacle, which, as the bush ages, acquires an almost conical shape, there are small yellow flowers with a simple perianth. Along the outer contour of the receptacle, white reed flowers grow, the number of which, usually, is 12 or 18 pieces.
At the time of flowering, the chamomile pharmacy bush looks like this:
Inflorescences similar in color combination have odorless chamomile, some types of umbilicals (including dog chamomile and field chamomile), Roman chamomile, and some feverfews and tansy.
Chamomile pharmacy belongs to the genus Matricaria, which includes only 25 plants.They are considered true daisies, while other plants are so named only in colloquial terms, having different names.
Most Matricāria species are characterized by the same structure of inflorescences and a combination of only yellow and white flowers. The exception is green chamomile, which is also called odorous or non-lingual, and in the scientific community - Matricaria discoidea, and golden chamomile - Matricaria aurea.
On green inflorescences, only tubular flowers are present, which, as the name implies, are green. She has no boundary "petals" at all. The plant is also distinguished by a strong specific smell and a small height of the bushes. As a rule, they grow only up to 20-30 cm. As can be seen from the photograph, outwardly they are very different from the pharmacy chamomile bushes:
Pretty similar to this kind of golden daisy. It differs from green mainly only in the color of inflorescences, which in this plant is yellow. The diameter of the inflorescences is very small - no more than 0.8 cm, and the height of the bushes - about 25 cm. An important feature of the species is that flower baskets can grow alone, and not in corymbose inflorescences, as in most other representatives of the genus Matricaria.
The structure of inflorescences characteristic of daisies is also present in many other types of asters plants. Because of this, they are also often called daisies, adding an epithet that describes their color. So, many plants are popularly called yellow daisies, while such a term does not occur in the scientific community.
Not knowing the correct names, yellow daisies are most often referred to:
- Doronicum East,
- Erigeron Linearis,
- Ursinia is beautiful
- Gelenium and some other plants.
- Doronicum is eastern.
Its inflorescences are larger than that of daisies, and the marginal flowers are yellow or golden in color. The plant is perennial.
The same color is found in some species of coreopsis. Moreover, in these plants, the cores can be not only yellow, but also brown or burgundy. Reed flowers in them, as a rule, have jagged edges.
These photos show several types of coreopsis:
Different types of rudbeckia are also called yellow daisies, among which there are both annuals and perennials. Among the latter, the most common is brilliant rudbeckia, which is characterized by a high stem and large inflorescences. Shrubs reach a height of 60 cm, and the diameter of their inflorescences is 8-10 cm. Their petals are bright yellow and velvety to the touch, and the middle is dark brown.
In flowerbeds and gardens, you can often find hairy rudbeckia. This is an annual bush plant, smaller in size than brilliant rudbeckia. It also differs in the color of regional flowers. In the outer contour they are yellow, and in the middle they are dark burgundy or brown, as in the photo below:
Here the photo shows ursinia beautiful:
This annual is similar to rudbeckia in the color of its marginal flowers, but differs in the height of the bushes, which does not exceed 30 cm. Because of this, it is sometimes called a small-colored yellow daisy.
Of wild plants, yellow daisies are called erigerone ruler. This is a low-growing perennial shrub, the height of which is no more than 20 cm. Its inflorescences are also small - from 1 to 2 cm in diameter. They grow one at a time on hotel stems.
Also referred to are some types of gelenium. They differ in the height of the stems, which can grow up to 160 cm. Moreover, the diameter of the inflorescences rarely exceeds 5 cm. Their most characteristic color is yellow, but brown and purple shades are also found in cultivated varieties. Very often, gelenium can be found on flower beds along with daylilies and lilies.
There are a lot of plants resembling yellow daisies. In addition, sometimes even flowers are called that have more excellent than similar features with them, for example, gerberas, large-flowered chrysanthemums and asters.
Blue and Lilac Flowers
Astro plants have inflorescences with lilac and blue flowers. Not knowing the correct names, they are also called daisies. This is most often referred to as:
- Alpine Astra,
- Katananha and some other plants.
Most of all, inflorescences of feverfew are similar to a camomile. Their practical structure is the same, only the size of flower baskets and the color of reed flowers differ. In some species, they are bright lilac.
In alpine aster inflorescences, the center is yellow, and the petals have a light lilac color. Their size and quantity are much larger than that of chamomile. In an aster, reed flowers grow in 2 or 3 rows, making the inflorescence seem large and fluffy.
Blue daisies are called several varieties of felicia. This is a small perennial shrub on which a lot of inflorescences grow. In some varieties, tubular flowers have a yellow color, and the marginal ones are blue or lilac. There are also varieties with a bright blue core and blue petals.
Here in the photographs are shown shrubs of felicia ameloid:
And this is a gentle anemone:
She has longer tubular yellow flowers and blue-violet marginal flowers. They grow on single stems, about 20 cm high. Despite the fact that the anemone is called chamomile, it not only belongs to another genus, but also belongs to another family - buttercups.
Very beautiful bluish-lilac color have flower baskets katananhe. They have reed flowers arranged in 3-5 rows, due to which the inflorescence seems larger and fluffy. The edges of the flowers are jagged, and at the base, their color changes from light blue or lilac to purple.
Plants with colorful inflorescences
In some plants, inflorescences are multicolor. Often on one petal immediately 2-3, and sometimes even more, shades are combined. Thanks to this, the plants look very impressive and exotic.
Multi-colored daisies are called:
- Gailardia spinous,
- Ursinia umbilical and other similar flowers.
Spinous gaillardia is a perennial shrub with a stalk height of 90 cm. The diameter of flower baskets is usually from 7 to 12 cm. The tubular flowers located in the center have a dark red or burgundy color. The petals of this plant are tridentate. On the outer edge they are colored yellow, and closer to the middle - in red or purple. In some varieties, they are arranged in several rows.
Gaillardia bushes look like this:
This plant is sometimes confused with gelenium, in some varieties of which the color of flower baskets is almost the same.
Many varieties of osteosperm are often called colored chamomile. Their inflorescences can combine a variety of shades: pink, white, red, lilac and others.
Here the photograph shows the tricolor osteospermum:
The abundance of color variations is inherent in gazania. Its inflorescences are very large, and the petals are pointed. They can combine 3-4 colors at once. The photos show some varieties of plants:
Gazania and osteospermum are often grown not only in open ground, but also in pots. Thanks to bright inflorescences and a large flowering period, they become a wonderful decoration for the home. These flowers can be grown both from seeds and by buying seedlings. Prices for them are much higher than for seeds, however, according to reviews, they almost always take root well.
Venidium boasts even larger and brighter flower baskets. Their diameter is from 10 to 14 cm, and the height of the bushes can reach 80 cm. Reed flowers he has with pointed or rounded edges. They come in white, yellow, orange, red and some other colors. Moreover, in almost all varieties, the middle is black, and around it on the marginal flowers a ring of contrasting color — brown, burgundy, or purple — is outlined.
A similar color is found in arctotis. In some varieties, a ring of a different color also forms around the core. Moreover, his petals are more pointed, and the diameter of the baskets is slightly smaller.
Here the photograph shows the bushes of venidium:
And here is the arctotis:
And this is ursinia umbilical:
As can be seen from the photo, its marginal flowers are painted at the base in a saturated brown color, which gradually turns into burgundy, and then in bright orange.
Pink, red and other daisies
Since more than 30 thousand different plants belong to the family of asters, and the inflorescences of many of them have a similar structure, daisies are often called the most different and seemingly completely unlike flowers. For instance:
- Echinacea and many others.
Anacyclus is called pink daisy. The middle of it is yellow, and the marginal petals are pale pink, but on the back they are painted in a rich raspberry color. Bushes of anacyclus are very low, its stems grow only up to 10 cm. Thanks to these features, the plant is easy to identify.
Cosmea flowers are visually familiar to many, as they are often planted on flower beds, but only its specialists know the correct name. Cosmea inflorescences differ from chamomile not only in color, but also in size. Petals are wider by about 2-3 times. The color of tubular flowers in cosmea, as a rule, is yellow, and the marginal ones are white, pink, purple or multi-colored.
Cosmea bushes look like this:
And here is a bush of phloxes with which kosmey is sometimes confused:
Mistakenly attributed to matricaria and erigerone. Moreover, plants of this species have obvious differences. Their petals are very narrow and pointed, and on inflorescences they are arranged in several rows. The color of flower baskets is completely different. They can combine white, yellow, lilac, burgundy, orange and other colors.
Similar to chamomile and Echinacea inflorescences. Most often they are yellow, pink and lilac flowers.
Pyrethrum Comedian - a hybrid with lace foliage and colorful flowers. The upright peduncle reaches 0.8 m. The inflorescences of the baskets are 7 cm in diameter. The tubular flowers of the Comedian have a rich yellow tone, reed buds are juicy and red in color. Plants are used to decorate a garden plot and flower arrangements.
For culture, fertile soil and illuminated space are preferable. She does not tolerate waterlogging. Lightly cover for the winter.
When attacking aphids process the bushes:
- soap solution
- tobacco dust
- infusion of wormwood.
Use purchased insecticides.
Culture refers to a type of feverfew of a girl. Decorative perennial is cultivated as an annual plant in Russia. The stems grow at a maximum of 25 cm. The terry baskets of the Golden Ball have a diameter of up to 4 cm. The culture is suitable for soloing in the garden or planting in a group, cutting. It looks original in bouquet compositions. Pyrethrum has a delicate aroma.
The plant loves loose, drained soil and location in the sun. The pinch of culture responds with branching. With drought, feverfew is watered. Before budding make complex recharge.
Slugs sometimes attack the feverish girlish. They are easy to notice, in addition to their presence speak specific damage on the leaves. Collect pests manually or use chemicals. Attracting hedgehogs and birds to the garden plot will help out in the battle with mucus.
The growth of pink pyrethrum reaches 70 cm. The plant has large flowers of raspberry color, the diameter of which is 10 cm. Harmony is suitable for solo and in a group on a flower bed. Flowering periods are long: the second decade of June and until the beginning of August.
Seedlings are the best way to grow feverfew. Sow the seed in March-April, buried by 3 mm. The pick is carried out in individual glasses. Landing on a permanent site is carried out in May. Planting pattern - 25 x 30 cm. Saplings tolerate small frosts, adults are at -4 ° C.
Reference. When afflicted with fusarium, the diseased bushes are not treatable, they are removed from the soil and eliminated so that the infection does not spread. Ground and other individuals are sprayed with fungicides.
The height of the plant is up to 80 cm. Purple and pinkish inflorescences differ in size and reach a diameter of 10-12 cm. They are used for decorating dachas in mixborders.
Paradise loves open sunny and semi-shaded front gardens.
On a note! The flower is unpretentious to the soil, but susceptible to feeding.
Grow by seed or seedling method.
Mineral as well as organic fertilizers are used for feeding. Do not feed plants with nitrogen, otherwise the feverfew will sparingly bloom and actively grow greens.
The pyrethrum red Giants of Robinson are especially distinguished, which reach 80 cm in height and have powerful baskets with 12 cm in diameter. Robinson's pink and carmine reed buds will delight in bloom in the second decade of June. Giants Robinson are indispensable for planting in a group, bouquets, discounts.
They respond to top dressing with organic matter - rotted manure. In dry weather, regularly watered. Tall bushes need to be tied.
Terry white feverfew
A distinctive feature of the plant is densely double-bloomed flowers with a diameter of 5 cm. The growth of white pyrethrum is 0.5 m. Flowering begins with the advent of summer and lasts throughout July.
It prefers to grow in the sun and in partial shade, it is frost-resistant, not susceptible to phyto-diseases, responsive to feeding.
When diluting a feverfew, planting and leaving, beginner gardeners will not have to make every effort. An undemanding plant will thank its owners with beauty and charm. This is not only an amazing flower, but also an effective tool for pest control - that’s what feverfew is for the garden.
The pyrethrum has a fibrous root system and erect grassy shoots 50-70 cm high. The leaves of a feathery-dissected shape are painted in bright green color. The largest number of them is collected at the base in a thick outlet. Also, several leaflets are next located on the stem, however, they are smaller.
The top of each shoot is crowned with a large inflorescence “basket” with a diameter of 3-6 cm. It has long petals and a lush core, consisting of reed and tubular flowers. Reed flowers are concentrated along the edge, often they have a pinkish color. Yellow tubular flowers are in the very center of the inflorescence. Smooth linear petals can be painted white, yellow, pink, raspberry or lilac. Flowering feverfew occurs in June-July. By cutting, you can achieve longer flowering.
After pollination, the fruits ripen - light brown achenes. They have up to ten ribs and a lobed or serrated crown. Long small seeds retain germination for 3 years.
Types of feverfew
Some botanists claim that about 50 plant species exist in the pyrethrum genus, but other experts are sure that their number has exceeded one hundred. The most common types and varieties:
Feverfew. Dense erect shoots branch at the top. By the structure of the bush and leaves, they resemble chrysanthemums. Vegetation 50 cm high ends with beautiful inflorescences with a bloated, pom-pom-like core. Inflorescences with a diameter of about 2 cm are painted white or yellow. Varieties:
- White Stars - a compact bush up to 25 cm high dissolves snow-white, similar to pompons inflorescences,
- Gold Ball - dense compact bush with yellow double flowers.
Pyrethrum pink. A perennial plant with branched shoots grows 60-70 cm in height. The upright shoots below are covered with dissected light green foliage. Single baskets up to 6 cm in diameter consist of a bright yellow core and light pink long petals. Blooms in June for a month. Varieties:
- Atrosanguinea - a branchy bush 60 cm high is covered with large flowers with dark red petals and a bright yellow core,
- Brenda - blossoms bright pink terry flowers,
- Kelway Glorious - with scarlet lush inflorescences.
The pyrethrum is large-leaved. The perennial height is 1-1.5 m. It is a bush with sparsely branched stems covered with long pinnately dissected foliage. Small white flowers with a sufficiently large core are collected in corymbose inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter.
Pyrethrum is propagated by seeds, division of the bush and petioles. Seed propagation is quite simple, because every year plants give a lot of seeds. However, flowers are often pollinated, so seedlings rarely inherit varietal traits of mother plants. Even from a single seed box can grow completely different daisies. In early March, seeds are sown for seedlings in shallow boxes with sand and peat soil. When two real leaves appear, seedlings are dived in separate pots. In May, when frosts pass, flowers are planted in open ground. In the first year, only a few plants bloom.
Pyrethrum is constantly growing bush due to lateral processes. It is recommended to divide it every 3-4 years. To do this, at the end of flowering, a large bush is dug up, freed from an earthen coma and divided by hand with parts. Too finely divided feverfew is not necessary. Immediately after the manipulations, the delenki are planted in the prepared planting pits and well watered.
Some types of pyrethrum are propagated by cuttings. To do this, from May to August, young root shoots are cut. They are rooted in partial shade in a loose fertile substrate. It is advisable to cover the cuttings with a film so that they do not dry out. You need to regularly ventilate and spray young plants. After 2-3 weeks, they will take root and the seedlings can be moved to a permanent place.
Even busy or lazy gardeners can plant feverfew in their yard, since the plant needs minimal care. For its landing, well-lit sunny places are chosen. You can plant feverfew and in partial shade, in this case the shoots will stretch a little more. The soil for planting can be almost any. Pyrethrum poorly tolerates only heavy, marshy soils. On fertile garden land, plants will look an order of magnitude larger. Too acidic soil, it is recommended to add a small amount of ash.
Pyrethrum is a drought tolerant plant. They need to be watered only in prolonged intense heat, when the leaves begin to lose turgor, and the soil cracks. Watering during flowering is more important. The rest of the time, plants completely bypass natural precipitation. Immediately after planting, the soil can be mulched with peat or chopped grass. In this case, after watering, a dense crust will not form, and weeds will stop bothering.
Feeding is carried out 2-3 times per season. Mullein plants respond very well. The first fertilizer is carried out in the spring, before flowering begins. Immediately after the inflorescences wither, a complex mineral composition is introduced. At the end of summer, you can water the bushes with infusion of shredded weeds.
Wilted inflorescences need to be cut. This will prevent self-seeding, and also allow the plant to build up strength and repeat flowering after 1-2 months. High grades in an open, blown area may need a garter.
You can not grow flowers in one place for a long time, since overgrown bushes with their roots interfere with each other and deplete the soil. Every 3-4 years they are divided and transplanted to a new place.
Pyrethrum resistant to plant diseases and most parasites. Their juicy greens liked the slugs. You can get rid of pests with the help of an impenetrable barrier made of ash or crushed eggshells. Some gardeners place boards near the bushes under which slugs hide in the summer heat and from where they are easy to get and destroy.
Pyrethrum from bugs and fleas
A few centuries ago, the property of feverfew was known to rid the house of unpleasant parasites. The fact is that the pyrethrin alkaloid in its composition causes nerve palsy in insects. From time immemorial, housewives collected Persian chamomile flowers, dried them and ground them into powder. It was added to bathing baths, and decoctions were also made with which they sprayed linen, clothes and animal hair.
It must be remembered that in the light useful substances quickly disintegrate and efficiency decreases, so you need to store the powder in a dark place. Repeat spraying items every 1-2 days.
Bright flowers of the pyrethrum perfectly enliven the flower garden and fill the garden with colors. They are suitable for creating a flower garden in a natural style. Bushes are planted in groups on the sides of paths or framed by a flower garden. Pyrethrum goes well with bells, nyvyanik, doronicum, red poppy, basil and cosmea. High varieties are used not only in the garden, but also for cutting and arranging bouquets.
Adding an article to a new collection
In this article, we have collected for you the names and photos of the most common flowers, similar to daisies.
If you are racking your brains over the name of that big flower that looks like a daisy, we are in a hurry to help you! Check out our selection of plants that resemble this romantic, modest flower.
It is no wonder to take Anacyclus for a camomile - it really is surprisingly similar to this flower. In nature, there are more than a dozen species of this charming plant.
Anacilli are both perennial and annual. Of the annuals in the flower beds, anaciclus club-shaped and anacyclus radiant are most often grown. Of the perennials, the most common is anacyclus depressum.
It blooms from late spring to mid-summer: from May to July.
Of course, it is difficult to confuse the gelichrysum margaritaceous with chamomile, but their inflorescences really have something in common.
There are several common perennial species of immortelle, but in gardens they are usually grown as annuals and biennials.
The most popular in the flower beds of the middle strip of helihrizum are bract (commonly known as immortelle), awl-leaved, helmet-shaped. More exotic ones are coral-shaped helihrizum, Milford helichrysum, selago helihrizum, etc. - At first, you can completely mistaken for stonecrops.
Helichrysum margaritaceous blooms in June-August.
This yellow daisy is ideal for rock gardens and rockeries, because its homeland is mountains. Doronicum is a perennial plant. Height varies by species. The smallest ones are Altai doronicum and Klyuza doronicum, the height of their bushes starts at 10 cm. And the stately dummy of Kolyumna, for example, can extinct even 80 cm.