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Bunching onions: care and cultivation

Onion batun is a popular perennial vegetable garden of the lily family, which is easy to breed.

It is unpretentious in care and resistant to frost without a transplant. Due to its frost resistance, the batun gives early verdure in spring, when the snow melts.

Greens can be used in salads and main dishes.

Externally, the batun is difficult to distinguish from onions. It has the same leaves with a pipe, but its size is larger and longer. The bulb of a batun is not the same as that of bulb onions, but a false bulb (small thickening). therefore grow it just for the green.

Batun is the source:

  • essential oils
  • Sahara,
  • protein
  • carotene
  • vitamins
  • salts of iron, potassium and magnesium.

Propagated by seed or vegetatively.

Onions batun are grown up only for receiving greens

The most famous varieties are "May", "April", "Tenderness" and "Salad-35".

The last three are early varieties. They even survive snowless winters. April strongly branched, in May large bright green leaves begin to grow. Not susceptible to disease.

May - late grade. Also frost resistant. Shoots appear late. Excellent branches. Harvesting - from May to June.

Sort Russian winter also frost resistant and gives a high yield. Approximately 30 days pass from germination to harvest. Sowing on seedlings is carried out in late autumn or in April / May. When planting seeds to plant every 14 days, you will always have greens on the table.

In the middle lane begin to sow June-July. This is a very suitable time interval for landing. Shoots will be friendly and fast, the plants will survive the winter safely. With proper cultivation in the open field, the crop will be as much as you want.

And when sowing in early spring in July-August, the batun will delight with its green leaves.

Peat and acidic soil Batun does not like.

To grow it needs fertile rich soil (sandy loam, loam, black soil) and a lot of sun. The plot before planting or sowing is prepared in the fall. Mineral fertilizers, humus, manure and compost are applied.

Onions grow well and will sprout well if the soil is nutritious and contains a lot of humus, as well as in those areas where they previously grew potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage.

If the soil is nutritious and loose - onion batun grows well

Earth must be well dug before planting.

Soil dig deep before sowing, the remains of vegetation and roots of weeds are removed, fertilized, the seeds are soaked in a solution of micronutrients. Seeds will germinate more easily and yield will be higher. Avoid seed sowing - this will make sowing difficult.

The prepared beds abundantly moisten and deepen the onion by 1.5-2 cm. The row spacing should be 25-30 cm.

At moderate air temperature, the first shoots will spill in 14-18 days. At warmer temperatures, they will appear earlier.

The soil should be moistened regularly.

If the onions are planted or sown as an annual plant, sowing is carried out in early spring, and by next year the plants are completely removed.

But you can plant in summer and autumn. The main thing that the onions did not start to sprout in the winter, and that will perish. You can harvest at different times, depending on the time of planting.

Perennials are planted in the fall.

When the soil warms up up to 5-10 degrees sow onions. The soil is gently compacted. The beds can be covered with something that retains heat, for example, with a film.

After 8-10 days, the first shoots appear. Conduct the first loosening. So that the thick shoots do not interfere with each other, they must be thinned out. Plants should divide 6-9 cm.

After sowing seeds and sprouts you need regularly remove weeds and moisten the soil. For perennials, when there will be 3 leaves, remove excess seedlings.

We leave those that share a few centimeters. We repeat the procedure until there is about 5 cm between shoots. Thinning is not done for annuals.

At the same time, onions are fertilized and watered.

Not later than mid-July, everything is cut except for young feathers. Until full recovery by September, cut the leaves is not recommended. By winter, leave the beds with feathers. The first crop is cut in 25-32 days, and again - after 55-65 days.

After winter, fertilize. The soil is systematically loose and moisturized.

You can clean at the end of May, when the feathers will grow up to 25 cm. The following cuts are made at intervals of 3-4 weeks.

Heap shoots of young onions are green feathers with excellent taste. If the batun starts to shoot arrows, his taste will deteriorate. Therefore, it is better not to allow this.

You can remove the bow when the feathers reach a length of 25 cm

If a batun is grown as an annual (sowing seeds in spring), then in a year (March-April) the whole plant is removed. If he is a perennial, then usually cut off the leaves in the spring and autumn once or twice.

Although it is recommended to change the batun land every year, it can grow in one place up to 10 years. However, after the fourth year, the yield drops and it is better to transplant or rejuvenate the onions with new crops.

The leaves are cut off at the root when they reach 20-30 centimeters in length. Feathers are tied up in bunches and stored in the refrigerator.

Onion-batun can be cut from 2 to 5 times.

As a result of the disease in onions can:

  • the color of the leaves changes or spots appear on them
  • the bulbs become soft,
  • white or dark bloom appears on the bulbs,
  • dries the aerial part of the plant.

As a result of the disease, the batun can dry out the above-ground part.

There are quite a few pests.

Onion fly

The fly lays eggs, from which the larvae hatch in mid-June. They penetrate young bulbs and devour them from within. Batun turns yellow and dies.

Onion fly does not tolerate the smell of carrots. Therefore, in order to prevent it, you can alternate crops of onions and carrots on the same bed.

Batun defeat onion fly

Trips or thrips - small insects (up to 1 mm in length) of a pale color. Not only harm onions and garlic, but almost all garden plants. The larvae feed on sap from the stems and leaves of plants.

Potato and winter scoops

Scoops are small pale butterflies. Their caterpillars eat roots, leaves and stems most garden and even flower crops.

Pest Control Tips:

  • observe crop rotation (choose a new site away from the last year's site),
  • dig deep in the fall
  • pest-infested plants
  • loosen the soil to a depth not less than 10 cm (during this procedure most of the pupae will be on the surface and will die),
  • process with salt and various infusions that repel insects.

Onions a batun - a source of early vitamins and a tasty additive to our table.

Batun onions: planting and care in the open field, the secrets of growing

Representatives of the Onion family are valued not only for the invigorating taste and solid content of the whole spectrum of substances useful to the human body.

Experienced gardeners equip onion beds in close proximity to other vegetable crops to provide reliable protection against pests.

In addition, some species of the Onion family are frost-resistant and are decorated with fresh greens in the garden already in early spring, when other perennials are only trying to wake up after hibernation.

It looks especially good on spring beds of a bat-onion - an excellent remedy for spring avitaminosis and the pride of a seasoned gardener who observes all the rules of planting and caring for him in the open ground.

Seeds of fringed onions can be purchased at almost every store.

Features and advantages of Tatar

The onion-batun, also known under the names Tatarka or fiery onions, in spite of its Asian origin, feels great in domestic gardens.

Unlike his fellow fellow, he is already in the spring, after the snow melts, ready to deliver rich in vitamins leaves with a mild and pleasant taste.

Of course, onions can be grown for the greenery right on the windowsill, but the amount of nutrients in the grown green feathers will be significantly lower than that of the onion batun, quietly growing in the garden with the first warm rays of the sun.

The frost-resistance of the Tatar, who does not need a thorough shelter for the winter, even in conditions of severe frost and lack of snow, is not the only benefit for the gardener. Batun onion is a perennial crop that allows harvesting young leaves repeatedly throughout the summer.

At a permanent landing site, it has been growing for almost four years, although the quality of greenery deteriorates over time, and the abundant yields of green feathers gradually decrease. We are talking about the leaves of the baton, which, unlike onions, can not boast of a well-developed onion.

For the sake of a green feather, rich in vitamins and microelements, Tatar is grown in the winter in a greenhouse, starting the forcing process in the fall from November.

If it is not possible to get greens for the New Year's table in this way, it is possible to carry out distillation on the windowsill at home. Good harvest is guaranteed due to the loyalty of the baton to the length of daylight.

The main thing is to ensure sufficient fertilizing and timely watering.

Despite the simplicity of growing Tatar onions in greenhouses or at home, getting a really tasty green feather is possible only when planted in open ground, taking into account the fact that planting and caring for a bat on the open field must comply with all the rules of cultivation of this variety.

Soil fertility - the key to a good harvest

Choosing a place and preparing the soil

Start the cultivation of onion batun need with one of the most important stages - the choice of location and preparation of the soil for planting. The onion is serious about the nutritional value of the soil and categorically refuses to grow in dry and poor areas.

The batun draws attention to the high content of clay or sand. On clay soils, the plant does not survive, but on sandy it feels good, pampering with an abundance of inflorescences. However, the high-quality greens onion forces no longer remains.

Yields significantly reduced.

The site intended for placement of Tatarka must meet several requirements:

  • good lighting without direct sunlight (partial shade),
  • moisture capacity
  • fertility.

The onion-batun likes places slightly shaded from the sun, with a quickly warming soil in the spring. At such sites, the snow melts much faster, which gives Tatarka the opportunity to go faster in growth. However, not every well-lit corner of the garden will suit the batun.

This bow loves moisture no less than sunlight, and requires regular watering. If it is not possible to provide timely soil moistening, it is better to choose another, more suitable place for the onion-batun planting.

Solving the problem is helped by the close occurrence of groundwater, although the batun does not accept excessive moisture either.

As for the soil, it has special requirements. First of all, the ground should be:

  1. Neutral or slightly acidic. If the acidity of the soil exceeds the allowable, autumn liming helps to correct the situation.
  2. Contains a sufficient amount of humus. In the fall, beds under a bamboos are fertilized with compost or humus. Good use of rotted manure. The optimal amount of humus per square meter is from 5 to 6 kg, depending on the condition of the soil. Heavily depleted soil will need 15 kg of organic fertilizer for onion cultivation to be successful.

Before making the humus area must be dug up on the bayonet spade. Additionally, you need to add mineral fertilizers. Their number per square meter of beds is:

  • ammonium nitrate - 60 g,
  • potassium salt - 40 g,
  • superphosphate - 50 g

Instead of ammonium nitrate, you can use ammophoska in an amount of 120 g. Experienced gardeners, in addition to these fertilizers, add more wood ash. It will be enough 0.5 liters per square meter of land.

Onion plantation grown on greens

You will also have to take into account the list of predecessors who occupied the garden before the onion batun. Tatar favorably accepts places freed by potatoes, tomatoes, peas, cabbage or greens.

Does not like to grow after carrots.

Although the simultaneous cultivation of these crops on the common garden is beneficial both in terms of the even consumption of nutrients, and in terms of effectively protecting each other from pests.

The willingness of the fringed bow to act as a one-year and perennial culture makes significant changes in the timing of planting. Batun can be planted in open ground both in early spring, and in summer and even in late autumn, before the onset of frost:

  1. One and two year culture. Seeds are sown in early spring (in April, if the earth is already warm enough) and in summer.
  2. Three-year culture. Fitted onion-batun suitable for winter and summer (no later than mid-July).

When growing an annual crop, harvesting of the Tatarka can begin as early as June. Onions planted in the summer, in the autumn has no more than four formed leaves.

Cutting the greens in such a baton does not produce, and leave the plants for the winter.

After the Tatar winter, the plants start growing as soon as the snow melts and are ready to share fragrant greens in April or May.

Leeks, Batun brother, - one of the oldest cultures, known to the ancient Greeks and Romans

The planting time of the onion batun also depends on which planting material was selected for cultivation - seeds, dividing a bush or seedlings grown on a window sill:

  1. Seeds. For the cultivation of annual or biennial plants, seeds are sown in an ordinary way in the spring, as soon as the air temperature is established within 14-15 ° C. At this temperature, the first shoots hatch by about the tenth day. The depth of embedding of the material is from 0.7 to 1.5 cm. The observed pattern is 45-50 x 25-30 cm. The plot must be mulched. A comfortable temperature of 20-22 ° C accelerates the emergence of shoots for 2-4 days. To improve germination, if you grow a batun seeds, planting material can be kept for 4 days in a cloth moistened with water at room temperature.
  2. The division of the bush. The early spring and the period from late July to early September are best suited for vegetatively growing Tatar. Healthy strong plants are dug up. The bush is divided into parts, formed in 2-3 branches. Roots and leaves immediately before planting are shortened by a third. Planting pattern is 45-50 x 20-30 cm. The bulbs penetrate the soil by 3 cm. The distance between plants of one row should not be more than 8 cm.
  3. Seedling. The method is suitable for growing annual crops. Shortly before moving to open ground (1.5-2 months), onion seeds are sown in small containers. Ordinary plastic cups are excellent for this purpose. They are conveniently placed on the windowsill and transported. Time for planting ready seedlings - mid-June. You can enjoy the results in 1.5 months.

Despite the stringent requirements for the timing and process of planting a bowed bow, there is always room for creative experimentation. For example, for the sake of a tasty white stalk, Japanese and Chinese vegetable growers start growing seedlings at the end of summer.

However, they are not in a hurry to plant them, waiting for the next spring to come.Plants buried in the ground to the first leaves (10-15 cm). Be sure to spud at least three times until the bow takes root and releases new leaves.

Watering and feeding are carried out regularly.

The easiest way to grow a batun in a greenhouse

The winter period in domestic gardens often throws up surprises in the form of severe frosts. To withstand the vagaries of the weather, it is better to choose frost-resistant varieties of onion-batun.

Such varieties include April, Salad, May, Gribovsky. The most popular are the April one, which belongs to the peninsular and early-maturing varieties, and the May variety: late-ripening, with a pungent taste.

There are no particular differences in planting and caring for a baton of April or other varieties. They can also be grown at home on the windowsill or in the open field.

Although, when sowing for the winter, planting popular varieties, despite frost resistance, requires following simple rules:

  • Sowing is carried out in November, when the soil is cooled to 3-4 degrees below zero. This ensures the emergence of seedlings only in early spring.
  • Sowing seeds well in areas where cabbage, beans, tomatoes or greens were grown.
  • The depth of the grooves is 2 cm. The distance between the rows is planned in the range from 18 to 20 cm, and the distance between the plants is 3 cm.
  • The soil should be well fertilized. Be sure to make organic and complex mineral fertilizers.

Onion-batun care

If the issue of frost resistance Tatarki resolved quite successfully, then protection against pests and diseases remains an open question. To solve it, every owner of the garden must take appropriate measures. The main care of the onion batun is to:

  • Soil mulching after sowing.
  • Regular watering. At the same time avoid stagnation of water.
  • Loosening the soil between the rows.
  • Timely weeding - Tatarka does not tolerate the presence of weeds.
  • Top dressing combined with irrigation and loosening.
  • Thinning plants intended for perennial cultivation. Such thinning is carried out with the advent of these leaves (at least four). Onions, cultivated as an annual crop, are not thinned out in order to avoid coarsening of the leaves, reduction of yield and deterioration of taste.
  • Pest Control. Mustard powder scattered between the rows will help scare away an onion fly or mole.
  • Additional protection in the winter. Despite the frost resistance, fistula bow will not give up shelter from tops, straw, thin twigs and snow.
  • Observe the conditions of proper harvesting. For perennial culture, the cut of leaves begins in the second year after sowing in open ground. Cut the pen to a minimum distance of 5 cm from the base. This will avoid lower yields. The length of leaves intended for pruning is at least 20 cm. Finishing the collection of greenery should be a month before the expected onset of cold weather, because fresh shoots must gain strength, become more rough and tough to overwinter successfully.

Proper care of a fancy bow will allow you to harvest a great harvest.

Early greens in spring, high yield, availability of a mass of nutrients, excellent taste and the ability to use a batun for cooking various dishes - for these advantages it is worthwhile to provide the fancy bow with the required conditions for planting and the necessary care in the future.

Planting onions batun and care in the open field. When to plant

People have been successfully growing onions for thousands of years.

During this time, the initial characteristics of the wild progenitors of this crop were significantly improved, and many new varieties were bred.

Perennial bows, distinguished by their latitude, resistance to low temperatures, unpretentiousness and high productivity, occupy a worthy place among their relatives. These include:

The most common among them has acquired the bow-batun, whose birthplace is the expanses of Eastern Siberia and China. Also it is called winter, Tatar, fistulous, sandy.

Onion "Batun" refers to perennial onions, resistant to low temperatures, unpretentiousness and high yields

In this article we will look at how Batun onions are grown, consider the stages of planting, care and methods of fighting diseases and pests.

Species characteristics varieties onion Batun

The appearance of the plant is almost identical to common onions, only its fistulous leaves are much larger - up to 400 mm long and 20 mm in diameter.

A baton does not form a real bulb, instead there is a thickening, called a false bulb.

This micromorphological feature of the plant suggests the way to use it, solely for the purpose of forcing greens.

The onion-batun grows well in one place for up to 10 years, however the maximum productivity is noted for the first 3 - 4 years.

Its plants are highly resistant to frost, easily withstanding - 40 With.

Greens of onions begin to appear immediately after the thawing of the soil and is not afraid of short-term return frosts of no less than 6 Co.

Its seeds germinate as soon as the soil warms up to + 2 ° C. The optimum growth temperature is + 19 Co.

Tasty, sharp and juicy leaves of the batun are distinguished by a high content of vitamin C (twice as large as onions).

Of the varieties of onions most often in our country are growing the semi-acute early maturing Saltny 35, Baron and April 12, as well as the sharp late maturing Gribovsky 21 and Maysky.

Fertilization

The soil should be fertile and breathable, so it is best to avoid clay plots. Her training consists in the introduction of overheated organic matter (up to 7 kg / m2), as well as mineral fertilizers containing:

  • Nitrogen (0.01 kg / m2).
  • Phosphorus (0.012 kg / m2).
  • Potassium (0.008 kg / m2).

After that, plowing or digging to a depth of at least 35 cm is performed. Next, the plot should be leveled.

Seed plan

Batun seeds are sown in rows with a row spacing of 25 cm to a depth of 3 cm, in compliance with the seeding rate of 1.2 grams per square meter.

In order to prevent the substrate from drying out and the formation of a soil crust, the surface of the garden can be mulched with straw, peat or other suitable organic matter. After 14 days should appear the first shoots.

They must be thinned, leaving the plant every 5 cm (read ⇒ how to sow batun seeds with seeds)

Batun seeds are sown in rows with a row spacing of 25 cm to a depth of 3 cm, in compliance with the seeding rate of 1.2 grams per square meter.

Watering and feeding

The plant is demanding for watering. When the soil dries out, its greens become bitter and fibrous, flower stalks appear.

The best way to irrigate is to use a drip tape with a fertilizer unit that allows you to economically feed the plant (this should be done after the end of each green cut).

Stages of growing onions

In the first year of their life, the leaves of the plant are cut off before the onset of autumn, in order to give an opportunity to accumulate in the false bulb an amount of nutrients sufficient for wintering.

The second year begins with the introduction of nitroammophoska in permafrost soil at a dose of up to 0.05 kg / m2 and humus at a dose of 7 kg / m2, and then dried leaves are removed. After 20 days after the emergence of sprouts, you can start collecting the first harvest, and after another 50 days, - the second.

In the third year, all processes are repeated, but in the last harvest, which needs to be done before August 1, the leek is not cut off, but dug together with the onion, and the production cycle ends there.

When growing onions in the open field, in order to obtain an earlier harvest, you can cover the beds with a spanboard or plastic wrap, which will speed up its growing season by 14-21 days.

Onion bloom and self-harvesting grain

Batun is a magnificent honey plant, and its spherical large flowers are very beautiful. Bees, butterflies, bumblebees always hover around them.

At the end of July onion seeds ripen on the color arrows

In late July, seeds ripen on the color arrows. The degree of their maturity is easy to check.

To do this, take the stem of the peduncle with your hand and shake it. If seeds are immediately sprinkled on the substituted palm, it means that they are ready to be harvested.

Growing a batun in different cultures

This onion can be grown in two ways:

  • Annual culture.
  • Two year culture

Batun, as an annual, is sown in ready-made soil in the spring - the last decade of April - the first decade of May. By September, the harvest is ready. It is collected together with false bulbs, cutting off the roots.

For a two-year planting, seeds are sown in the last decade of July - the first decade of August. Plants germinate and gain enough strength before wintering. In the second year, the crop is harvested starting in July and ending in September.

Diseases of onion batun

As a rule, this plant is not subject to diseases. However, in case of non-observance of the technology of cultivation and crop rotation, as well as under adverse weather conditions, several pathologies may develop in Batun.

The table shows their names, symptoms and measures to combat them.

Sowing seeds onion batuna

Oddly enough, the cultivation of onion-batun is precisely the seedling method is almost the most reliable option for the reproduction of this plant. The seedling method of obtaining onion-batun in the countries of the east is especially popular, and this is simply explained. When using the annual crop of onion-batun cultivation, the probability of plant damage by diseases decreases many times, and, of course, the production of green mass on the table is accelerated, which is also good news.

Usually, sowing seeds of onion-batun seedlings are carried out in the second decade of April, sometimes a little earlier, and seedlings are planted in the beds in the second decade of June. This technology of producing onion batun helps to provide people with fresh greens in September. During this period, you can collect it together with false bulbs.

Of course, if you want to grow high-quality seedlings of onion-batun, you need to take care of high-quality soil. Usually gardeners make such a mixture - part of the humus and part of the soddy soil are well mixed in equal parts, then 150-200 g of wood ash (a good potassium fertilizer containing about 5% potassium) is put into a ten-liter bucket of the mixture obtained and 80-85 poured there g of nitroammofoski, then the composition is thoroughly mixed. If the ingredients you took were not from your plot and you are not sure about them, then it is desirable to disinfect the resulting composition by steaming in the oven for an hour, but if you are afraid that such an "execution" will kill all possible microbes in the soil composition (as positive, and negative), then just spill a composition of 2 - 3% solution of potassium permanganate.

When the composition is ready and containers with a height of at least 15 cm with holes for drainage at the base and a layer of drainage from pebbles to centimeters thick for sowing are also ready, it is necessary to start preparing seeds for sowing. For these purposes, the onion-batun seeds should be soaked for 24 hours in thawed or rain water, changing the water two or two times during this period. Further, after removing them from the water, they must be wrapped in a cloth and kept for a couple of days in the lower shelf of the refrigerator. After this time, the seeds are left to dry on a dry cloth to a state of flowability and can be sown in a box or other container. Sowing seeds of onion batun should be carried out in the substrate with the incorporation into it by 1.5-3 cm, no deeper. It is better to arrange the grooves in the boxes, retreating from each other by 5-6 cm. If there are no boxes, then you should not be upset, the seeds can be sown completely in pots the size of only 6-7 cm, five or seven pieces.By the way, such sowing has a name - a bouquet one, and if someone tried to sow like this, then be sure to write in the comments - is it convenient?

After sowing, the seeds should be lightly, a centimeter and a half, sprinkled with fresh and loose soil, then level the surface and gently roll, compacting. Further, on top of the packed and compacted soil, you can pour out literally a couple of centimeters of clean river sand. Only after this, seedlings can be watered, of course, watering should not be carried out from a watering can or jar; only a spray bottle is needed here so that all the indicated layers should not be washed off and in no case should the seeds be washed to the surface. After watering (liter per square meter, which is better to use thawed or rain water at room temperature), before germination, cover the container with plastic wrap or glass and place it in a room where the temperature would fluctuate from 18 to 21 degrees above zero.

Seedling care

As soon as you see shoots above the soil surface, the film needs to be removed, and boxes or containers should be transferred to the southern window sill, but not in a very warm room, ideally, the room should be about 10-11 degrees Celsius. After a day, you should try to maintain the temperature at the level of 14-16 degrees in the daytime in this room and lower it to 11-13 degrees at night. In that case, if it is not possible to precisely regulate the temperature in the room, then you can simply open the vents and doors, the main thing is not to create drafts.

Before the shoots get stronger, you will definitely need to maintain additional lighting, because at this time the sun rises late, and lies down early, and the seedlings will simply lack the sunlight. Ideally, a batun needs a 14-hour watch, that is, a rather long light day. For these purposes, you can buy a regular fitolamp or an LED lamp and fix it above the seedlings of the onion batun so that the height to it is 26-28 cm. For the first three days after the additional lighting is fixed, it is necessary not to turn it off at all, accustomed to such a light, then the backlight can be turned off at six in the morning and turned on at eight o'clock in the evening.

With light decided, now watering. Watering seedlings of onion-batun should be carried out frequently, but very moderately; neither should it be allowed to dry out of the soil, nor to over-moisten it.

Approximately seven days later, as seedlings appear above the soil surface, it is necessary to feed, first adding 2.5 g of superphosphate dissolved in water per square meter of soil, then 2.5 g of potassium sulfate, also dissolved in water, per square meter soil. When a baton’s onion seedling appears on the first true leaflet, it is necessary to thin the seedlings so that there is a distance between shoots of three centimeters.

Approximately ten days before transplanting seedlings of onion-batun into the open ground, seedlings should be hardened. The simplest way to start is to open windows and doors more often and every time for a longer period of time. After a couple of days, if the cooling is not expected, you can try to make the seedlings first for the day, and then for the night on the plot.

Planting seedlings in open ground

Usually, onion-batun seedlings are planted without fear in the second decade of June; by this period there is no longer any risk of recurrent frosts, and the soil will be well warmed and loose. Those seedlings that have well developed roots and three or four fully formed leaves are fully prepared for planting. Also, for greater confidence, you can inspect and the thickness of the stalk at the base, it should be about five millimeters. The very age of the seedlings should be equal to two months.

In fact, the planting of the onion-batun is no different in any way from the planting of seedlings of any vegetable culture.All that needs to be done is on the soil prepared according to all the rules described above, dig up holes 11-13 cm deep in a row and leave a couple of dozen centimeters for row spacing, then plant seedlings in them. It is advisable to add a handful of wood ash at the base, moisten the soil and place the seedlings strictly vertically, squeezing the soil. Then pour and grind with a layer of humus in one centimeter.

Soil for onion batun

The onion-batun is good because it is absolutely not picky about heat, like, say, onions. Even if you plant it in a small penumbra, it will still give a good harvest. But as for the type of soil, then the whims are obvious: the onion-batun loves fertile soil, with plenty of moisture, with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. Gardeners believe that loam and sandy loam are ideal soils for it.

At home, a bat onion often grows in moist and low-lying areas. However, spring and rain water quite often stagnates on such a ground, and there it can start to shoot quickly, therefore, you will not taste its delicate leaves.

If nothing else remains, how to plant an onion-batun on the soil is acidic, then first “refine it”: add 250 g of wood ash per square meter of the future garden bed, while doing this you need to do it at least six months before planting. Or in the fall, add 200 g of lime to the soil for digging.

In general, the preparation of the soil for the onion-batun is quite a responsible matter. Why? This long-term culture, in one place can grow not a year or two, but five whole years. Therefore, apart from loosening, digging the soil, removing weeds and deoxidizing the soil, it needs to be enriched by adding 4-6 kg of humus or compost per square meter (better in autumn), 18-19 g of potassium sulfate, 32-35 g of superphosphate, and about 25 g of ammonium nitrate, all this, of course, under the digging.

Young seedlings of onion-batun planted in the ground

Sowing onion batun in open ground

Few people know that a batun bow in open ground can be sown more than once per season, and not even two, but three. The best time frame is April, June and July, as well as October and November. The late autumn period, which is more correctly called podzimny sowing, is usually carried out with the aim of spring: it is already very early to the table you can get the first greens.

When planting before winter, the site should not be prepared too early, the best option is summer, but as soon as the temperature drops significantly and becomes within a couple of degrees of heat, the seeds can be sown to a depth of the order of a couple of centimeters without any preliminary growing of seedlings, the soil of the site is heavy, and to a slightly greater depth (3-4 cm), if it is light, because there they can freeze through much faster. The distance between the rows during late autumn sowing can be left unchanged - approximately two dozen centimeters. After sowing, the area should be well leveled, compacted and necessarily ground with humus, a layer of a couple of centimeters. Some resourceful gardeners also throw a couple of spruce feet from above - they hold the snow well.

As soon as spring comes, the bed with late autumn crops of onion-batun need to be opened, but not quite. After the humus has been removed, it is necessary to cover the soil (bed) with plastic wrap in order to create a greenhouse effect for the seeds and so that they germinate faster. It is interesting that if everything turned out well, then the bat onion, sown in late autumn, almost with the first rays of the sun begins to germinate. As soon as the seedlings appear, then after about a week they can be safely thinned.

Batun onion on the windowsill

Strange as it may seem, but you can grow a batun even on an ordinary window-sill, say, if you either do not have a piece of land at all, or have no place on it for this culture. It is possible to grow (drive out) a batun on a window sill right in the middle of winter cold.All that is required for this is to dig a two-year or three-year-old plant from the soil in the autumn period (usually October), so as not to damage the roots and plant pots and containers with mandatory drainage holes in the base and a drainage layer in the form of pebbles, 0.5 cm thick, the tank itself should be 12-15% wider than the earthen coma of the excavated plant. Then the excavated plant remains, without destroying the earthen room, landed in a pot and put into a room with a temperature of about 18-21 degrees of heat and humidity at 80%. Usually in a month you will definitely savor the fresh greens of the onion batun.

Growing onion batun in open field

Watering onion batun

The onion-batun is considered to be a moisture-loving culture, therefore in nature it settles in places where there is more moisture. For this reason, the soil will have to be moderately but constantly moistened. Ideally, the soil in an open area should be saturated with moisture to a depth of 17-19 cm.

Of course, natural rainfall must also be taken into account: so, if it rains frequently, then watering may not be necessary at all. In normal weather, enough watering a couple of times a week, and if it is very hot, then every other day. When watering, try to use distilled water at room temperature, for example, rainwater from the barrel.

Top dressing onions batun

We have mentioned little feeding. After planting the seedlings on the garden bed, it is necessary to add a solution of mullein dissolved 10 times or an infusion of chicken manure diluted 15 times. Norm - 25-30 g per well when planting seedlings. If the soil is rich, then, as we have already written, a handful of wood ash, pre-moistened with water, is enough.

In the future, the trimming can be done only once, because the onion batun well accumulates nitrates. Re-feeding can be done 10-12 days after the first, loosening the soil beforehand and pouring 50-70 g of wood ash under each bush.

Pests and diseases of onion-batun

It has been noticed that on good, nutritious soil the plants practically do not get sick and are not affected by pests, but sometimes this still happens. Often the onion batunas suffer from onion weevil, onion fire and onion fly.

Onion Firestrike literally eats leaves from the inside, leaving only a thin peel. It is possible to use permitted insecticides to combat it, such as Fufanon, but strictly following the instructions on the packaging.

Onion weevil- he makes the puncturers on the leaves of the onion and sucks the juice out of them, and the weevil larvae bite into the leaves and feed on their contents.

Onion fly- its larvae feed on the contents of onion-bat onions.

Insecticides will be able to kill them all, if you strictly adhere to the instructions for their use.

Of the diseases, the bat onion is striking perinosporosiscovering leaf blades gray-purple mold, copper-based drugs are effective against it, say, HOM, oxyfi and the like, a couple of treatments are usually enough for them.

In order not to let pests on your land at all, you need to observe crop rotation, do not thicken plantings, do not overfill the plants with water, fight weeds, loosen the soil and pay attention to the plants more often. For example, in the initial stages of the appearance of a firestone, it is necessary to treat the plants with a solution of mustard powder (a tablespoon in a bucket of water), and from an onion fly - pour a plant tops of potato tops a couple of times per season (plant rate per square meter) or land nearby garden bed with carrots.

Cleaning and storage of onion batun

As you know, a bat onion grows for the sake of greenery; only a thickening, called a false bulb, is formed in the soil over the season. Greens can be harvested from mid-summer until the autumn, as the green mass is constantly increasing. The following year, when the bow is over a year old, greens can begin to cut early in the spring, as soon as it appears.It is necessary to stop cutting for 35-45 days before the onset of cold weather, so that the bulb will prepare for wintering. Thus, in one season, the harvest can be removed from two (on young plants) up to four times (on adults).

You can cut the greens as soon as it reaches a height of 18-23 cm. Cutting must be done at the surface of the soil, after which the leaves should be tied in bunches, cooled and placed in a refrigerator, wrapped in a plastic bag.

In that case, if for some reason you need to dig out the onion-bat bulbs and keep them in this form until spring, then try to put them in a refrigerator where the temperature is about a degree, and what's important - do not cut the leaves on the bulbs.

Culture description

The bulbs of the vegetable of interest to us are oblong, weakly developed. The stems of the green feather inside are hollow, and sometimes they can reach a very solid height, about a meter, and the record holders even look bigger.

The flowering of this culture is very beautiful, it forms flowers, gathered in an umbrella, which delight the gardener's eye almost as much as some ornamental plantings.

There are several options for breeding onion batun:

  • by planting seeds,
  • breeding division bushes
  • seedling method.

Note: The latter method is not often used by gardeners just like that, it is a backup plan for those farmers who have forgotten about planting onions before winter, and they want to get a harvest in the shortest possible time in spring.

Onion batun: growing from seed

It is possible to grow onion batun from seeds, both directly in the open field, and directly in the conditions of the house or apartment, so that later on the seedlings will go to the beds.

In spite of the fact that the second method seems to be very dreary, having realized it, you will reproduce the desired culture most reliably, since:

  • the green mass of seedlings is more fleshy and grows more abundant,
  • harvest is transferred to much earlier terms,
  • plants during the growing season are practically not exposed to diseases, since at the seedling stage they were not affected by the negative environmental effects.

What are the seeds of culture

Most often, the cultivation of batun seeds begins in mid-April, maybe a little earlier. The finished seedlings are transplanted into open soil in the beginning - middle of June. The required technology of cultivation allows you to start feasting on the pen in July, and by September a really abundant crop is gathered, in which the plant is gathered together with undeveloped bulbs.

Soil preparation for seedlings

The first step in preparing the onion batun for growing on seedlings is to find a quality soil. It is very convenient to make a suitable plant mixture on your own. It consists of the following main elements:

Equally you need to take both of the above substances, mix. For every ten liters of the composition add additional nutrients, such as:

  • wood ash, in the amount of 200 grams per bucket,
  • 80 grams of nitroammofoski.

Advantages and disadvantages of nitroammofoski

The resulting mass must be mixed again to evenly distribute the ingredients. If the main substances you took were not on your site, and you can not be sure of their quality, then it is better to shed the obtained composition with potassium permanganate in the form of a slightly pink solution.

We select and prepare containers for disembarkation

When all the procedures for the preparation of the soil will be carried out, it is necessary to select a suitable container for planting the crop. So, the height of the container should not be less than 15 centimeters.

To drain the soil, it is necessary to impose small pebbles on a height of a centimeter from the bottom of this box. It can be collected by the river or buy, as you please.

Box for seedlings

We plant seeds

Preparing the land and packaging, proceed to landing. So, first of all, we will need to soak the onion seeds in clean water, preferably settled.For the specified period do not forget to change the water twice.

After passing the day of soaking, the seeds need to:

  • pull out of the water
  • to dry
  • then wrap in a rag made of natural fabric,
  • Leave for a few days to rest on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.

Some time after planting the seeds need to be soaked and kept in the refrigerator

After the desired 2-4 days, the seeds from the refrigerator are taken, dried again on a dry rag until they stop sticking together, and they can begin to be used for planting.

The prepared soil is laid in boxes, on pebbles, and we embed the seeds of the cultivated crop in it, while the depth of the stock is no more than 3 centimeters. To plant the seeds you need in rows, on the scale of the box rather grooves, and between each groove should be maintained a distance of approximately 6-7 centimeters.

Tara is initially better to buy or make wide, so that it immediately fit into 6 or more rows. However, if a large box could not be found, plant onions in plastic cups out of sour cream or peat pots, immediately 5-6 seeds. This method of growing seedlings is called "bouquet".

Onions are best planted in a roomy box.

After the seed reserve has taken place, it will be necessary to sprinkle plantings on top with dry ground, and then roll the surface slightly, for example, using a glass.

On top of the soil prepared in this way, several centimeters of cleaned river sand should be poured, and after that you should pour the planted seeds only using a spray bottle so as not to flood the container with water. Watering should be carried out in such a way that all layers remain intact.

Then, until the emergence of shoots, the container should be covered with a plastic bag, film or glass, and then placed in a room where the temperature would reach a minimum of 18 ° C and a maximum of 21 ° C.

How to care for seedlings onion batun

After the seeds hatch and thin green sprouts appear above the soil, the film will need to be removed so as not to damage them, and the boxes should be installed on the sunlit sill, preferably on the south side of the house or apartment.

When growing keep temperature

But it is desirable that the room is not too warm, so if you live in your house, leave the onions on the veranda, in which the temperature would vary from 10 ° C to 15 ° C.

However, in the afternoon it will be possible for the bow to even open doors or windows, so that it is tempered, thus preparing itself for harsh environmental conditions.

Additional lighting

Even before you notice that the seedlings are strong, you will need to equip the place of their placement sufficient lighting, since the light day for this plant during the planting of seeds will be too small. So, it is ideal to give a bow to enjoy the light for 14 hours.

In order to illuminate the landing, giving them the strength to develop, you can purchase:

  • Fitolampa in the garden shop,
  • LED light bulbs.

Any of these devices must be fixed above the box with seedlings at a height of approximately 25-30 centimeters.

Provide seedlings with extra light.

The first three days after installation, the bow must be constantly illuminated in order to get used to the artificial light source, and then the backlight will need to be adjusted to the following mode:

  • at six in the morning off,
  • at eight in the evening turn on.

Believe me, without installing additional equipment, which costs mere pennies, a bow can simply not receive enough light, and therefore it will not be able to carry out natural metabolic processes, which means that the plant will soon die.

Watering seedlings

Onion-batun seedlings should be watered in such a way that the soil:

What amount of water you will pour out on the seedlings at a time, decide for yourself, the main thing is not to cause it to rot and dry, otherwise you will not get a crop.

Feeding seedlings

A week after the seeds have been hatched, and the first green feathers will be planted above the ground, it is necessary to feed them with the following fertilizers:

  • 2.5 grams of superphosphate per square meter dissolved in clear water,
  • 2.5 grams of potassium sulfate per square meter of land is also in the form of a solution.

Be sure to feed the seedlings with superphosphate

When the first leaves appear on the batun's bow, it will be necessary to thin the bow, so that between each future bulb there is a distance of about three centimeters.

Hardening

Ten days before you plan to plant in open ground, the seedlings need to begin to harden. The easiest way is to open the doors and windows to the room where it is located during the beginning of the day, then all day, and then it will be possible to start planting seedlings on the site.

Despite the fact that you have only 10 days left, you should temper it gradually, so as not to overload the onion, as the seedlings that are not accustomed to cold can freeze and die.

Harden the bow before planting

We plant seedlings of onion-batun in the garden

The planting of a culture of interest to us in open ground is usually done in early-mid-June, if you live in the south, you can do it in late May. Specific dates you can determine yourself, focusing on the climatic conditions of the region, the main thing is that by the time of landing there was no likelihood of frost returning.

Understand that the plant is fully ready for transplantation, you can on the following grounds:

  • he has grown about 4 leaves,
  • The root system of the plant has developed sufficiently.

Batun thrust into the ground after the appearance of 4 leaves

To be sure that the plants are ready, measure the thickness of the stems. Ideally, it should be at least 5 millimeters. At the same time, at the time of landing in the garden, the bow should be about two months old.

The very same procedure for planting prepared onion seedlings is as close as possible to transplanting other vegetable crops into the ground. Consider the steps of this procedure.

Table 1. How to plant a bow in the garden

Proper care - a bountiful harvest

How to sow a batun in open ground

Few gardeners know that during the planting season you can sow onion batun more than once. The last sowing, which takes place in late autumn, is carried out before winter, so that in the spring you can enjoy the very first fresh green leaves.

Note: unfortunately, the third sowing can only be carried out to residents of the southern regions and central Russia, since it should be carried out in October, and in the northern parts of the country at this time the land is already frozen and covered with snow.

So, the optimal time for planting is:

  • April May,
  • June July,
  • September-November (weather permitting).

Sowing in open ground

To plant an onion for the winter, it is not worthwhile to prepare the land area too early, do it with the onset of autumn, and as soon as the air temperature reaches several degrees of heat, you can start sowing.

It happens the same way as in the boxes prepared at home:

  • in rows
  • with a few centimeters in depth of seeds (up to 4 centimeters).

Propagation of batun seedlings guarantees you plant health during the whole growing season, but it is more difficult to carry out than planting directly into open ground.

However, if the ground in your garden is heavy, it is best to deepen the seeds somewhat deeper.

After sowing is carried out, it is necessary to carry out:

  • land leveling,
  • surface sealing
  • mulching, preferably humus.

However, if you zamulchali garden with humus, from the top, you can also add more straw or coniferous branches, it will well protect the crop from the cold weather and delay the snow.

After the onset of spring, the bed opens, and the mulch is removed from it, but the film is applied, for the first time, it is possible only for the night, so that the seeds can be heated in an improvised greenhouse. As soon as the sun begins to burn slightly warmer, the first shoots of culture will appear. A week after the emergence of shoots will need to be thinned.

Bulbs at batun almost underdeveloped

Table 2. How to care for a bat onion sown immediately in open ground

You can begin to loosen onions a week after the seedlings seem out of the ground. During the growing season, plants will need such loosening at least five.

Simultaneously with this procedure, we should deal with the removal of weeds directly near the plants, between the rows and the area around the beds.

Repeated mulching of beds can be done for two reasons:

  • if you want to reduce watering, as the mulch retains water in the ground,
  • if you don’t want to fight weeds that the mulch will block the light, and they simply cannot grow.

    Thus, it is optimal in the spring after planting to hold the second mulching.

    This culture can be called moisture-loving, therefore, it will have to moisturize, albeit in moderation, but constantly, to prevent the soil from drying out. So, ideally, the water should saturate the earth for each irrigation to a depth of 19 centimeters.

    In this case, be sure to consider how often the bed is watered naturally, with the help of rain, in order to prevent overflows.

    In the spring you can feed onions with a solution of:

  • infused on the water mullein,
  • or diluted chicken droppings.

    In each well of liquid you need to pour up to 25-30 milliliters.

    How to choose the soil for onion batun

    In spite of the fact that the location of a batun's onion planting can be both shaded and abundantly illuminated by the sun's rays, and it will grow equally well in the conditions of each of these options, the soil of this crop has many requirements.

    How to choose and prepare the ground for the onion batun?

    So, the earth will be optimal for planting a batun land:

    • fertile,
    • slightly acid or neutral,
    • sufficiently hydrated.

    So, the so-called varieties of interest to us are great for planting onions:

    In the territories of the lands where the batun began to grow for the first time, he landed in lowlands. However, there is a great danger that the water from the rains will flock to these lowlands, and since in Russia both summer and spring are famous for unstable and rain-rich weather, it is better to choose flat areas for planting culture. Unfortunately, swarming of the culture, which will not allow you to use its greens as food, occurs from excess water.

    Batun is famous for juicy greens

    Note: provided that the soil on your site is still too acidic, then its property will be optimally neutralized by introducing into the territory of the future bed of wood ash in a ratio of 250 grams per square meter. Only to carry out this enriching procedure takes about six months before planting young seedlings. The ashes can be replaced with limestone, digging into the ground in autumn, preceding the spring planting of onions, at the rate of 200 grams per square meter.

    The onion batun is a perennial crop, therefore, the soil is carefully prepared for it, because on it it will grow for the next 4-5 years. That is why, it is necessary to prepare the garden garden land for planting a plant of the species under consideration as follows:

    • dig up carefully, breaking all the landballs,
    • remove residues of weeds and other debris,
    • Thoroughly soil the soil before planting
    • reduce the acidity of the soil,
    • to enrich.

    Pre-enrichment of the earth with fertilizers occurs in the autumn, with the help of the following substances, per square meter:

    • 6 kilograms of manure or humus,
    • 18 grams of potassium sulfate,
    • 25 grams of ammonium nitrate,
    • 30 grams of superphosphate.

    When making fertilizers, you need to dig them up with the ground so that the mass turns out to be uniform, and all the introduced substances are evenly distributed throughout it.

    Culture, after which you can plant a bow-batun

    As you know, some plant crops grown by us in vegetable gardens may conflict with each other, and planting some of them after others will negatively affect the yield.

    Juicy greens can be used in salads, soups and hot dishes.

    This statement holds true for onion batun. In the table below we will see after which cultures it can and should be planted, and after which it is impossible.

    Table 3. Favorably and negatively affecting the growth and development of onion-batun culture

    Description and characteristics of onion batun

    Externally, the batun is difficult to distinguish from onions. It has the same leaves with a pipe, but its size is larger and longer. The bulb of a batun is not the same as that of bulb onions, but a false bulb (small thickening). therefore grow it just for the green.

    Batun is the source:

    • essential oils
    • Sahara,
    • protein
    • carotene
    • vitamins
    • salts of iron, potassium and magnesium.

    Varieties for growing and planting in open ground

    The most famous varieties are "May", "April", "Tenderness" and "Salad-35".

    The last three are early varieties. They even survive snowless winters. April strongly branched, in May large bright green leaves begin to grow. Not susceptible to disease.

    May - late grade. Also frost resistant. Shoots appear late. Excellent branches. Harvesting - from May to June.

    Sort Russian winter also frost resistant and gives a high yield. Approximately 30 days pass from germination to harvest. Sowing on seedlings is carried out in late autumn or in April / May. When planting seeds to plant every 14 days, you will always have greens on the table.

    April Grade

    Terms of planting seeds in the spring

    In the middle lane begin to sow June-July. This is a very suitable time interval for landing. Shoots will be friendly and fast, the plants will survive the winter safely. With proper cultivation in the open field, the crop will be as much as you want.

    And when sowing in early spring in July-August, the batun will delight with its green leaves.

    Site selection and soil preparation

    To grow it needs fertile rich soil (sandy loam, loam, black soil) and a lot of sun. The plot before planting or sowing is prepared in the fall. Mineral fertilizers, humus, manure and compost are applied.

    Onions grow well and will sprout well if the soil is nutritious and contains a lot of humus, as well as in those areas where they previously grew potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage.

    If the soil is nutritious and loose - onion batun grows well

    Earth must be well dug before planting.

    Pests onion batun. Methods of struggle

    Batun can be a treat for a number of pests that cause damage to him at different stages of development. The table lists the names of harmful insects, signs of damage and measures to combat insects.

    Tip # 1 It is important to observe the waiting times for poisons, which are indicated in the instructions for their use, and to carry out onion treatments only if their validity period ends before planning to start harvesting.

    In addition to the specific methods of control listed in the table, there are general rules that can be carried out to minimize the level of damage to plants by insect pests:

    • As early as possible seeding and planting.
    • The implementation of inter-row treatments precisely in the period when the larvae of pests pupate massively.
    • Sufficient fertilizer fertilizers.
    • Moderate watering, due to which the green mass grows more amicably.
    • Conduct a thorough collection and elimination of plant residues.
    • Deep tillage.

    In order not to attract pests, it is necessary to ensure that early sowing and planting, moderate watering, remove excess plants and weeds, treat the plot

    Tip # 2 There are trace elements and fungicides that can be applied through the feeding unit of the drip irrigation system.

    In order to reduce the labor costs for spraying and to eliminate the risk of pesticides entering the body during the performance of these works, it is possible to introduce the necessary substances in this way.

    How to plant and sow seeds

    Soil dig deep before sowing, the remains of vegetation and roots of weeds are removed, fertilized, the seeds are soaked in a solution of micronutrients. Seeds will germinate more easily and yield will be higher. Avoid seed sowing - this will make sowing difficult.

    The prepared beds abundantly moisten and deepen the onion by 1.5-2 cm. The row spacing should be 25-30 cm.

    At moderate air temperature, the first shoots will spill in 14-18 days. At warmer temperatures, they will appear earlier.

    If the onions are planted or sown as an annual plant, sowing is carried out in early spring, and by next year the plants are completely removed. But you can plant in summer and autumn. The main thing that the onions did not start to sprout in the winter, and that will perish. You can harvest at different times, depending on the time of planting. Perennials are planted in the fall.

    When the soil warms up up to 5-10 degrees sow onions. The soil is gently compacted. The beds can be covered with something that retains heat, for example, with a film.

    After 8-10 days, the first shoots appear. Conduct the first loosening. So that the thick shoots do not interfere with each other, they must be thinned out. Plants should divide 6-9 cm.

    Care after sowing seedlings

    After sowing seeds and sprouts you need regularly remove weeds and moisten the soil. For perennials, when there will be 3 leaves, remove excess seedlings. We leave those that share a few centimeters. We repeat the procedure until there is about 5 cm between shoots. Thinning is not done for annuals. At the same time, onions are fertilized and watered.

    Not later than mid-July, everything is cut except for young feathers. Until full recovery by September, cut the leaves is not recommended. By winter, leave the beds with feathers. The first crop is cut in 25-32 days, and again - after 55-65 days.

    Chemical weeding onions

    To facilitate the care of plants, in particular, for the destruction of weeds, the world's leading manufacturers of agricultural chemistry have developed specific herbicides that are allowed to be applied by bow:

    • Bahia Verde. Manufacturer - Monsanto Holland. The year of registration of the trademark is 2006. Purpose: bow batun.
    • Volcano. Manufacturer LLC BSDU. Trademark registered in 2008.
    • Kaigaro. Manufacturer "Enza Zaden Bihir". Trademark registration was made in 2009.

    We grow batun onion in our garden: features of planting and care

    The presence of onions can not do a large number of dishes and preparations, since it is this plant that accentuates the taste of the products and gives them sharpness. However, the species diversity of this culture is not limited to the well-known leek, and a good alternative is the batun onion, which is described below.

    What is a bat onion

    Onion batunperennial plant, characterized by the presence of bulbs with malochnyemi and thin scales that are poorly stored in the winter. That is why the food is used only leaves and stems, for which, in fact, grow this species.

    The plant reaches 40-60 cm in height, throwing arrows up to 45 cm long in the second year of life. Young feathers have a high level of frost resistance and calmly tolerate frosts down to -6 ... -8 ° C, which means that for normal development the plant is not required more heat.

    Batun onions are the most popular species among perennial onions, which can be grown both from seeds (this method is most common) and vegetatively.

    However, experienced gardeners are advised not to delay in planting in other areas, because over time, due to the strong growth of the underground part, crop yield is significantly reduced.

    Answers to current questions

    Question number 1: Can the batun's crops be damaged by various rodents, such as mice?

    In winter, mice look for food under the snow, and the false baton bulbs become a welcome treat for them.

    Question number 2: How to protect the onion-batun from mouse-like rodents in the winter?

    In the backyard, you can put on the bushes onion old buckets or tanks without a bottom, so that the plant was inside them. And the batun tolerates wintering without loss.

    Question number 3: A fireball appeared on the bow, but I don’t want to treat the plant with chemicals, after all, cutting the feather happens quite often. Are there any popular ways of pest control, without the use of pesticides?

    Yes, such methods exist. For example, you can sprinkle onion leaves with a solution of mustard powder, take a higher concentration. The pest must leave the garden bed.

    Question number 4: How to achieve a brighter color of green onions, without resorting to chemicals.

    First, the batun must be provided with all the necessary nutrients. The introduction of mineral micro and macroelements can be successfully replaced by a twofold increase in the dose of humus.

    Secondly, onions can be arranged periodic irrigation with ice water in late May - early June.

    Question number 5: How with the help of improvised means to get rid of onion flies?

    It will help two, three-time watering of plants during the season with saline (1 cup of table salt in a bucket of water), or sprinkling salt on the beds directly before irrigation or rain (1 cup per 1 m2 of beds).

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    April onion-batun planting and care, cultivation

    Batun onion is grown in amateur vegetable growing, mainly as a perennial crop. But today there is a unique technology of growing it, as an annual plant.

    Thus, the crop can be obtained with abundant, better quality, and the plants are less damaged by standard problematic diseases of the onion, such as powdery mildew.

    For cultivation in both perennial and annual crops, a special breeding variety of Apulsky batun-onion is suitable.

    His agricultural technology is different from the cultivation of all other bows close to the batun - slizuna, fragrant, chives.

    April's Onion Batun: landing and care

    Benefits of the April Bow

    Onion-batun "April" - a vegetable of high value. It has numerous properties that other members of the species do not have.

      Getting the earliest, very first vitamins.

    “April” onion appears literally from under the snow and provides vitamin products at the very beginning of spring, when there is an urgent need for it.

    If you grow it under the film, the plants reach full consumer maturity (feather length of 35 cm) in April.

  • It contains ascorbic acid three times more than in bulb onions and two times more than in green feathers of other representatives of the onion family.
  • However, with long cultivation in one place, more than 3-4 years, the vegetable gradually loses its valuable qualities.

    The plant begins to give a lot of floral arrows, to the detriment of food characteristics and appearance.

    Important! To improve the quality of products, the onion batun "April" and began to grow annuals. And it turned out to be effective.

    One-year-old onion batun yields 1.5 times more yields

    • gives yields 1.5 times higher than perennial,
    • crop quality is improved by 80%
    • at a young age, plants do not affect dangerous diseases.

    Agrotechnology

    Agrotechnical measures for the onion "April" have a similar nature with other bows. As for growing conditions, there are significant differences.

    1. The plant should not be placed in low areas with stagnant waters.
    2. He is not suitable soil with high acidity.

  • On sandstones and peat bogs, the vegetable is arrowed, and the meaning of its cultivation for its succulent leaves is lost.
  • Onions-batun does not tolerate the neighborhood of weeds.

    It is useless to plant it on soils inhabited by perennial weeds.

  • It does not grow or grows poorly on scanty, infertile soils.
  • Onions batun does not grow on soils with high acidity

    Seed preparation

    The seeds of the onion-batun “April” sown at the end of AprilSeeds of the onion-batun “April” sowed at the end of April

    The seeds of the onion-batun “April” must be sown in open ground at the end of April. You can take portions until July.

    By the way! For a baton, which will be sown later, you can prepare a ridge and take it in spicy greens (dill, early salads), early radishes, spinach.

    Sowing onions to carry out after harvesting early vegetables and herbs.

    To prepare for sowing, seeds should be soaked in water, and then in micronutrient dissolved in water. It is not necessary to keep for a long time so that the seeds are not bent - it is not easy to sow sunken seeds.

    Soak the onion seeds before sowing.

    Widely used for the preparation of seeds of batun method of bubbling. It can be held if you have an aquarium in your house.

    This immersion of seeds in the water, simultaneously with the air supply. Onion-batun "April" responds to this procedure by the early emergence of seedlings, a week earlier.

    In addition, the bubbling of onion seeds by 30% increases its yield.

    Sowing on the garden

    The soil when sowing should be well moistened.

    The seeding rate of the “April” baton for perennial cultivation is one to two grams per meter, for the one-year-old one it is possible to raise the rate to three grams. This will give a gentle feather and increase yields.

    There are two ways of placing a batun on a bed:

    • three double rows
    • five double rows.

    Three rows are preferable - this placement makes care much easier.

    Sowing onion "April"

    Sowing takes place in small grooves, no deeper than 2 cm. After sowing, powdered groove should be compacted and watered.

    If sowing occurs very early, with the probability of extreme cold, you can cover the bed with a film or a covering element (lutrasil, spanbond). Especially need shelter at night.

    Beneath it, the temperature will be 5 degrees higher than the outside, which will accelerate the germination.

    It will create comfortable conditions for further germination and will protect delicate shoots from the pests that are prone to young greens.

    What is useful loosening

    1. When loosening, weeds are destroyed by 90%, which would otherwise have to be manually weeded out.
    2. It promotes better conservation of moisture at the roots.
    3. The destruction of the soil crust improves air exchange in the soil.

    Top dressing for the first time carried out thirty days after germination. There is a complete mineral fertilizer in grams - 15 per square meter (azofoska, nitrophoska, nitroammofoska).

    The second time is fed in two months - with potash fertilizer at the same rate. The first feeding promotes growth, the second is designed to help a good winter.

    Onion feeding for the first time is carried out thirty days after germination.

    In the second year, as soon as the snow began to descend, all plant remains of the onion batun are removed from the ridge, the soil is fertilized with nitrogen, the bed is covered with covering material.

    Tip! Shelter is able to accelerate the shoots of batun in the second year to ten days. If you pour warm water under cover of the soil, shoots will appear earlier for another week.

    With regard to irrigation, the dryness of the soil onion-batun "April" does not contribute as much as zakamano.

    Dry soil will dramatically reduce product quality, the batun will go to the arrow.Therefore, the humidity constantly need to monitor, controlling its level.

    The onion-batun "April" does not tolerate dry and swampy soil

    Harvesting feathers as greenery

    You can clean at the end of May, when the feathers will grow up to 25 cm. The following cuts are made at intervals of 3-4 weeks.

    Heap shoots of young onions are green feathers with excellent taste. If the batun starts to shoot arrows, his taste will deteriorate. Therefore, it is better not to allow this.

    You can remove the bow when the feathers reach a length of 25 cm

    If a batun is grown as an annual (sowing seeds in spring), then in a year (March-April) the whole plant is removed. If he is a perennial, then usually cut off the leaves in the spring and autumn once or twice.

    Although it is recommended to change the batun land every year, it can grow in one place up to 10 years. However, after the fourth year, the yield drops and it is better to transplant or rejuvenate the onions with new crops.

    The leaves are cut off at the root when they reach 20-30 centimeters in length. Feathers are tied up in bunches and stored in the refrigerator.

    Diseases and pests of perennial onion batun

    As a result of the disease in onions can:

    • the color of the leaves changes or spots appear on them
    • the bulbs become soft,
    • white or dark bloom appears on the bulbs,
    • dries the aerial part of the plant.
    As a result of the disease, the batun can dry out the above-ground part.

    There are quite a few pests.

    Choosing a landing site

    Considering the possibility of long-term cultivation of the onion batun, the place for its planting should be chosen taking into account all the basic needs of the plant for a long time. With regard to the composition of the soil, the plant in this regard is not distinguished by capriciousness and grows well even on acidic soils.

    However, if you want to get a rich harvest of onions, then the preparation of the soil for planting should be appropriate: in depleted soils contribute organic matter and make them light and water-permeable, and too acidic additionally lime. Not suitable for growing marshy or heavy clay soils.

    Onion-batun does not tolerate bright sunlight, so if you want to protect his arrows from fast wilting, you can sow a bed along a fence or near trees so that the plant grows in partial shade.

    The optimum temperature for plant development is + 18 ... + 22 ° C, but this does not mean that it is not grown in colder climatic regions.

    Preparatory procedures at the site

    For planting onion batun in the spring, a garden bed is prepared from the autumn or a couple of weeks before sowing, adding a bucket of good compost and 150 g of wood ash per 1 m². If the soil in your plot is too lean, then about 5 kg of humus, 25 g of ammonium nitrate, 15 g of potassium chloride and 25 g of superphosphate must be added per 1 m².

    Also consider the acidity of the soil. For this type of onion, soils of pH 7-7.2 are well suited. Too acidic soils require chalking or dolomite flour.

    The selected area should be well dig and smooth, then "cut" rows at a distance of 25 cm from each other. Before direct sowing of onions, the soil is well moistened.

    Good and bad predecessors for batun's onions

    The composition of the soil is significantly affected by the plants that grow on it. However, not all of them are “friends” with each other, which means that some cultures may grow poorly after their predecessors. Therefore, when they put on a bat onion, look, so that garlic, carrots, onions (no matter what kind) or cucumbers should not grow in front of him as in the earth there are a lot of pests and pathogens of onion diseases.

    At the same time, so that the land is not empty (if, for example, you decide to sow onions only in summer), you should land on it lettuce, cabbage, radish or dill, and after they are harvested, they sow the batun.These vegetables will not become an obstacle to obtaining a bountiful harvest of this crop and will not create problems in its cultivation.

    Dates of sowing seeds onion batun

    Having collected seeds from one or two of the largest arrows of the onion batun, you will be provided with seed for the next season. Sowing of crops in the open ground is performed from early spring to the beginning of summer, and there are no fundamental differences in terms of planting and caring for plants planted at different times.

    Since this type of onion is great for our climate, the ambient temperature when forcing out arrows can be as little as + 10 ... + 13 ° C.

    Simply put, even when left on the beds, he will calmly survive the frost, and the germination of feathers will begin almost simultaneously with the thawing of the soil. Onion feathers withstand short-term lowering of the temperature to -4 ... -7 ° C, therefore, waiting for the soil to warm, you can safely sow the seeds.

    Annual plants are sown as soon as severe frosts subside (usually in March and early April), and the long-term batting onions are planted closer to the beginning of summer or with the arrival of autumn, but only for it to germinate before the onset of frost. It should be noted that the onions sown in the autumn, begins to grow green as soon as the snow melts and thaws the ground.

    Care and cultivation of onion batun

    Caring for an onion batun cannot be called too complicated, as this process boils down to three main actions:

    • watering - the soil should be moistened by 20 cm (in most cases it is enough to apply the liquid twice a week, but during dry periods the plants are watered every other day),
    • weeding - without it, it will not be possible to get a good harvest, especially the onions can deteriorate at all or become ill with any disease provoked by the activity of weeds,
    • loosening - contributes to the respiration of the roots of the bulbs, and thus accelerates their growth.
    Let us examine each component in more detail.

    Watering mode

    With a lack of moisture in the soil, the feather of the onion batun changes its shade and becomes bluish-white, and its tip is bent. At the same time, if there is too much fluid in the soil, the plant becomes a pale green color.

    Opinions about the frequency and amount of watering onions are divided. So, some gardeners recommend watering the plant once a week, at the rate of 10 liters of water per 1 m² of plantings, increasing the dose only during severely dry periods. However, the other half of experienced summer residents claim that you can get juicy greens only when you water the onions 3-4 times a week, adding 10-20 liters of liquid per 1 m² (3-4 hours after watering the row-spacing it is necessary to loosen).

    In any case, the climate of a particular area and the characteristics of the site will help you decide on the regularity of watering.

    Weeding and loosening between the rows

    If your crop was too thick, you can thin out the seedlings at a distance of 6-9 cm. After the first weeding the soil between the rows must be loosened, because this process is the key to obtaining a good harvest. Further loosening between rows is carried out after irrigation, but only infrequently and very carefully, so as not to damage the roots of young plants.

    From the second week of July (but not later), all the leaves are cut a little above the false stem, leaving only young light green feathers on it. By the beginning of autumn the leaves will fully recover, but during this period they are not recommended to be cut. It is noteworthy that the beds with feathers are left to hibernate, and the cleaning of dried leaves is carried out in the second year, simply raking them with the help of a rake.

    Harvest

    The first harvest of the onion-batun can be harvested after 25-32 days after planting, and after 55-65 days, the harvesting is repeated, cutting off all remaining foliage. In the next 2-3 years, nothing changes in this process, since growing this type of onion is advisable only for the sake of green feathers.

    In the second year after planting, the plants grow very early, and when they reach a height of 30-35 cm, they can already get their first crop, cutting feathers at a height of 5-6 cm from the ground surface.

    Diseases and pests of onion batun

    Many diseases and pests of onions are similar for its different species. It is therefore not surprising that the onion-batun often suffers from the same ailments as its onion congener. The most common problems are fungal diseases, onion moth and onion fly. However, with proper cultivation and compliance with all agrotechnical requirements, it is not necessary to deal with these pests.

    For example, to prevent the development of fungal diseases, you must:

    • avoid excessive dampness in the garden (do not flood the plants when watering),
    • do not thicken the planting, avoiding the formation of impassable thickets,
    • timely remove weeds, since it is on them that most diseases accumulate.

    Among other, no less unpleasant diseases of onion-batun are:

    • downy mildew (it is manifested by a grayish bloom or rusty spots on the foliage), which can be controlled by microbiological preparations, copper oxychloride, Bordeaux mixture and copper sulfate,
    • rust (dirty yellow strokes are clearly visible on the feathers of the bow, which eventually take the form of pillows),
    • neck rot (appears during long-term storage of the harvested crop, because of which the vegetable softens and an unpleasant pungent odor appears),
    • smut (manifested during storage of the harvested crop, when black strokes are formed between the husks),
    • fusarium (softening and decay of the plant during storage, with the formation on the bottom of a light deposit of fungus, which can also be seen between the husks),
    • mosaic (viral disease manifested in leaves and inflorescences with elongated specks or stripes, sometimes the leaves become corrugated),
    • aspergillosis (or black mold) is clearly visible on the upper scales of the bulb and eventually leads to decay of diseased vegetables.
    To prevent most of the problems described above, the entire harvest should be carefully examined before storing it. Also, it does not hurt good drying of the bulbs in the sun.

    It is impossible not to recall the possible pests of onion batun. These include:

    • covert beetle - cuts the feathers of the vegetable and puts inside the plant its larva, eating away soft tissue,
    • onion hover - pest larvae penetrate into the bulb and destroy it, with the result that the affected onion rots,
    • root tick - gnaws the bottom of the bulb and penetrates inside, also causing the vegetable to rot,
    • Medvedka - gnaws the stems and roots of a predominantly young onion, although it does not hesitate and mature plants,
    • stem nematode - small roundworms that damage the leaves and bulbs, because of which they shrink, swell and deform,
    • tobacco onion thrips - forms silvery spots on the leaves, and leaves its feces on the feathers of a vegetable (in the form of black dots).
    Get rid of all the above pests will help you spraying special compositions that are easy to find in specialized stores (for example, Iskra, Fitoferm-M, Karbofos, etc.). Also, ordinary mustard powder, which is scattered on the garden bed, helps in the fight against insect pests. Its smell causes uninvited guests to bypass the onion plantation.

    However, do not forget about preventive measures, including the purchase of high-quality seed, compliance with the rules of crop rotation and the requirements for agricultural engineering.

    Distillation of green onion batun in winter

    In October they begin to harvest onions of the third year of cultivation.To do this, the bushes are completely dug, and the leaves are cut to 2/3 of their height, after which the bulbs are sorted (large specimens are stored separately) and placed in a cool room with a temperature of 0 ° C until January.

    After that, they can be planted in boxes of earth before the forcing of the pen. The depth of placement of the bulbs should be 1-2 cm more than when disembarking in open ground.

    Onions-batun can be grown on the windowsill, as is done in the winter with onions. However, in this case, you should not expect very high yields.

    The main characteristics of onions

    Batun like onion bulb. But on closer examination it can be noted that its leaves are much larger, and the bulb cannot be found, instead there is only a thickening of the stem. The leaves of the plant are longer and thick. For the first time this unique green culture appeared in Asia. As wild plants it is found on the territory of Mongolia and China. In Russia, the onion-batun is grown everywhere, none of the climatic zones of the country contains obstacles to the growth of batun. This type of onion is grown on garden beds for greenery. The batun contains a number of useful substances:

    • sugar,
    • carotene,
    • protein,
    • vitamins
    • elements of magnesium, iron and potassium,
    • essential oils.

    Onions contain riboflavin, which helps preserve beautiful skin, strong nails and silky hair. Thiamine normalizes the state of the nervous system, helps preserve memory, helps improve the body's immunity.

    Vegetative reproduction and propagation by seeds is completely suitable for this plant. It is important to monitor the quality of the soil and care for this culture.

    Planting in open ground

    This crop has several varieties. Each of them has its advantages. Early varieties are not afraid of snow and frost, and April is not susceptible to onion diseases. Vegetable growers prefer to have in their beds not only early, but also late variety. These include bow-batun Maisky. Onion seeds are sown in any summer month. First you need to choose a place where the batun will grow. He does not like peat and acidic soil. Chernozem and loam fit best. The site should be well lit. It is necessary to prepare it in autumn:

    • make humus
    • add fertilizer
    • mix with compost and manure.

    Gardeners know that crop rotation is of great importance in growing crops. And the onion-batun likes to be on those soils on which potatoes with cabbage or tomatoes with cucumbers grew before. Before planting, the ground should be dug up.

    Fertilizer is applied to the soil that has been dug up before sowing. Seeds are pre-soaked in a special solution containing trace elements. Seeds should not turn. It is recommended to water the beds, and sow each seed to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The aisle is 25-30 cm. The first shoots should be waited after two weeks. If the air temperature is above moderate, the first feathers will start to appear earlier. Watering should be carried out regularly to avoid drying out of the soil.

    You should know that the batun is a perennial culture, but sometimes it turns into an annual plant. In this case, it completely changes its place of growth on the site.

    Seedling care

    After the seeds are sown, need to care for emerging shoots. It is necessary to remove weeds from onion beds. Otherwise, the weed will overwhelm the tender leaves of the onion. Extra shoots are recommended to thin out, leaving between them a distance of 5−6 centimeters. This procedure is carried out only for onion-batun, if it was sown as a perennial culture. Annuals can not thin out.

    By mid-July, only the youngest leaves are left; cutting off everything else, they harvest two crops. With the departure of winter, it will not hurt to feed the bed with onions with fertilizer. The soil is loosened, so as not to form a crust on the soil. This will facilitate the ability of useful substances from the air to reach the roots of the batun.

    Harvesting

    When it comes to harvest time, you need to act carefully. Onions do not pull out the roots, cut the leaves at the very base of the plant. If you need seeds, you can leave a few leaves, let the flower stalks develop on it. Before cutting the onion, the bed should be moistened as much as possible. In this case, the greens will be tender and tasty. Young greens will grow more intensively, which will increase the yield.

    After cutting it will be useful to feed the plantso that it recovers quickly. The best feeding will be 1: 6 mullein solution, wood ash is an excellent organic fertilizer for batun. Ash can be applied by dissolving in water or dry while loosening the soil of an onion bed. The ash will need about 150 grams per square meter.

    And when the time comes to hibernate, onions can not be subjected to full pruning, let the feathers remain with him a month before the onset of winter. Feathers are cut when they reach 25 centimeters, and then every three weeks. Do not allow marksmanship, because of this, the delicate taste of the plant becomes worse. Arrows make feathers coarse and dry.

    Batun selectively refers to the soil, but to the place, to the site it is undemanding. He will live very well in one place for about ten years. After 4 years, it is recommended to transplant it to a new place of residence, as the yield will decrease every year.

    After cutting the leaves under the root, they should be bundled and stored in the cold. To get a good harvest of onion-batun, planting and care, as well as the fight against diseases and pests should be carried out on time.

    Watch the video: How To Grow Bunching Onions - Complete Growing Guide (March 2020).