Garden

Chinese radish: appearance, taste, cultivation and beneficial properties

Margelansky radish received such an unusual name in honor of the ancient capital of the Silk Road, which ran from China through the countries of Central and Asia Minor to Europe. The root crop that came to the city of Margilan came to taste to the residents of the Fergana Valley, began to be cultivated by local peasants and, together with the production of silk, became part of the local culture and history.

However, Margilan radish has other names. Many people know this culture as Chinese or green radish, while the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom call the vegetable Lobo. Moreover, the existing Chinese version of the turnip tale tells about the ordeal of a peasant who raised Margilan radish and without success pulling it out of the ground.

The lobo root vegetable, containing an insignificant amount of mustard oil, is softer than the pulp of European radish and other varieties of sowing radish.

In dishes of margilan radish almost no spice. And in terms of density, juiciness and taste, the culture occupies an intermediate position between the well-known Japanese radish, daikon, and other species of the genus.

The radish possessing many names is also diverse in the shape and color of root crops, which can be round and elongated, bright green and almost white, pinkish-purple and almost red like radish, but always with a green head near the tops.

Even the flesh inside is either green or white or pink.

By the way, radish varieties with a greenish surface layer and bright violet or reddish pulp are called watermelon. And today, such Margilan radish is grown by gardeners all over the world and is at the peak of popularity among gourmets.

Chinese or Margilan radish is larger than black radish and radish. The average weight of the root can vary from 300 to 1500 grams. And, despite the fact that the Chinese guest in Russian kitchen gardens is not too whimsical, quite reasonably such a culture needs care and sufficient attention.

Planting and care for Margilan radish

Like other types of root crops, Lobo is sown immediately in the ground. The time when you can plant Margilan radish is chosen depending on the precocity of the selected variety and the climatic characteristics of the region. Most often the seeds fall into the soil in one of two time intervals:

  • Spring sowing is carried out from the second half of April to mid-May.
  • In summer, Margilan radish can be planted from the first decade of July until September, if the weather permits.

If you sow Lobo in the spring, you can face the massive formation of peduncles on plants that have not yet formed a root crop. This is due to the increasing duration of daylight and the hot start of summer.

Flowering plants will have to be removed, because they cannot be used as food, and the bed must be re-seeding.

Sowing and growing Margilan radish in the second term excludes such an unpleasant opportunity, and since the plant tolerates light frosts quite easily, the roots have time to gain weight and juiciness before the onset of stable cold weather.

The best temperature for plant development is 18–22 ° C, with the seeds starting to grow at 4–5 ° C. But in hot weather, when the average daily temperature exceeds +25 ° C, and also in spring, when the air does not warm up more than +15 ° C, the risk of seeing flower stalks above the garden seriously increases.

Choosing a site for growing Margilan radish

Margilan radish produces good yields on neutral or slightly acidic soils, mainly light, rich in organic matter.

Soil for sowing culture is prepared in advance, compost, mullein or compost is brought not under the radish itself, but under the preceding plant.

This is because root crops, in the presence of fresh manure in the soil, can accumulate nitrogen, lose taste and commodity qualities, crack and be stored worse.

If organic fertilizers are not applied on time, it is better to do with mineral supplements only. When digging for each square meter of soil, 20-30 grams of potash fertilizers, superphosphate and ammonium sulphate are applied. It is necessary to dig up the area for Chinese radish deeply, no less than 25-30 cm. If sowing is to be done in a lowland, it is better to raise the beds by 10-15 cm.

The future harvest depends on the quality of the seed. When it comes time to plant Margilan radish, before sowing, sowing material is sorted out, separating empty, damaged, or undigested seeds. Since Chinese radish is distinguished by large root crops, grooves are made at a distance of at least 30 cm. Seeds are sown in two or three pieces at a distance of 15-18 cm from each other.

  • Before sowing, the beds are watered, and after soil incorporation, if necessary, watering the Margilan radish is carefully repeated.
  • The shoots will appear much faster if you spread a covering material on the plot, which can be removed when the sprouts hatch.
  • If soaked seeds were used, germination should be expected in a week, dry seeds sprout a few days longer.

At the stage of two or three leaves, thinning is carried out.

Transplanting seedlings is not recommended, but if it is necessary, it is important not to damage the root and transfer the plant only with a clod of earth.

Margilan radish care and growing problems

As the Margelan radish grows, it requires abundant frequent irrigation, especially during the growth of root crops. The culture left without moisture in hot weather grows worse, loses its juiciness, and its tastes deteriorate sharply.

  • When root crops grow to the size of a 10-ruble coin, they are fed for the first time, contributing 25-30 grams of complex fertilizer per square meter.
  • On sandy or other, not too nutritious soils, fertilizing is repeated twice, and on rich soils only once.
  • Three weeks before the moment when you need to harvest, especially the application of nitrogen fertilizers is stopped.

In addition to watering and fertilizing, caring for Margilan radish planted is not without other measures.

Under the rosettes of the foliage, all weed plants, as well as all the yellowed leaves that have fallen on the ground, must be removed, which will allow the light to better penetrate deep into the plantations and prevent the appearance of pests and pathogens on the radish.

With the same purpose, as well as to reduce the risk of developing color blooms, healthy leaves are cut off, blocking access of air and light to the plants in the garden.

Root heads appearing above the soil level gently spud, preventing radish from becoming dear in the air and subjected to attack by slugs and other pests.

Among the enemies of Chinese radish are insects parasitic on cabbage plants. Therefore, it is better not to grow Margilan radish after radish, all types of cabbage, mustard or turnip, but prophylactically treat the beds with tobacco dust or wormwood extract.

Appearance of vegetable

The shape of the “body” depends on the variety. It is round, spindly and elongated (oval). The color of the root can be white, green, yellow, red and purple. Also sometimes there is a mixing of colors and then the vegetable has a double and sometimes triple color (yellow-green, purple-white and so on). The pulp also has various colors and transitional shades. Usually its color depends on the color of the skin and can be either richer or lighter. Chinese radish weighs from 250 grams to 1 kilogram.

Basically, the plant is grown for 2 years. In the first year, leaves are formed (usually their number does not exceed 16 pieces) and a root vegetable. It has a small mass (not more than 300 grams). In the second year, the radish begins to bloom and its seeds ripen. Root crop increases size and weight.

In these varieties of radish does not contain as much oil as in the Russian. Due to this, she does not have an islandish taste and bitterness. They contain many minerals and are rich in vitamins, as well as various enzymes, fiber and essential oils. Because of this, they have a tender and juicy flesh.

The photograph shows the Chinese radish Lobo, or elephant's canine.

Growing up

It is usually grown in the fields, after picking cucumbers, tomatoes, beans and potatoes. Planting a vegetable after other representatives of the Cabbage type is not recommended. If this is not taken into account, then the Chinese radish can be affected by the keel and other diseases characteristic of this species. It can also be grown after garlic, onions, and other early crops.

Before sowing, it is necessary to prepare the ground differentially. To do this, you can use mineral fertilizers and, if necessary, organic fertilizers, with the exception of manure. When it is used, the Chinese Forehead radish cracks, is poorly stored and rotted, and also becomes tasteless and often sick. The most suitable "organic" is humus. You can also use wood ash.

It is better to sow radish in the second half of July. If the Chinese radish was planted in the first half of the month, then there is a chance of overgrowing of root crops, which would entail a decrease in marketability. If the weather in the growing area is suitable, then it grows until November.

These varieties tolerate cold weather, they begin to emerge at a temperature of 2–4 degrees Celsius above 0. When the frosts reach -5 degrees, they do not freeze and do not die.

Water radish should be abundant and regular, so it will give a good harvest.

An interesting fact: if you plant Chinese radish in the last days of July or at the beginning of August, the amount of the harvest will be greatly reduced, but at the same time marketability and safety will improve.

The photo shows a red Chinese radish, or raspberry ball.

Beneficial features

Chinese red radish and Lobo is used to remove harmful substances from the body and treat some diseases. They can prevent the appearance of fatty degeneration and other liver diseases. They also have diuretic properties, so they are used to clean the renal system from deposits consisting of sand and small stones. It is well suited for the prevention of urolithiasis.

Tip: if you constantly eat salads, which include these varieties, the appetite increases. This increases the production of gastric juice and accelerates the digestion of food.

The pulp contains components with a calming and analgesic effect. Therefore, it is used during neuritis, muscle pain and radiculitis.

Fresh root juice is widely used for the prevention of colds and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Loba - Chinese sweet radish: features of growing

If Japanese garden radish is now grown by many gardeners, then its Chinese version, forehead, is almost unfamiliar even to curious amateur vegetable growers. In China, such a radish is grown everywhere, and it is sold in all the numerous bazaars.

The roots of the lobe can be of various shapes and colors - from round to cylindrical, with white, light green or red skin. But in the upper part of the head, the roots are always painted in an intense green color. Root pulp has a color ranging from white to pink-red. The root weight ranges from 0.5 to 1 kg or more.

The taste of the loba occupies an intermediate position between the daikon and the European varieties of radish, their flesh is slightly mild. By taste, many of its varieties are close to radishes.

Root roots are stored better than daikon, but worse than winter varieties of European radish.

Root crops of the lobs, except for the exotic appearance, amazing taste and impressive size, have healing properties - inhibit the growth of bacteria, remove excess water from the body, promote digestion, clean the liver and kidneys, dissolve stones in them, remove salts of heavy metals and radionuclides.

They do not have a sharp arousing effect on heart activity, like our black radish, therefore, it is not contraindicated for the elderly. Their value is much higher than normal radish and radish, they help strengthen the immune system, reduce the level of cholesterol and carcinogenic substances in the body.

Recommendations and tips on planting and caring for Chinese radish lobo

Radish is a common vegetable with healthy and juicy root vegetables. Therefore, under it often allocate space in the gardens. There are up to eight varieties of this species belonging to the species of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) of the Cruciferous family. The species includes annual and biennial crops.

In the wild form grows in Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. Radish varieties are divided into European and Asian (Eastern). At our tables and gardens, European ones are most often present, while the eastern ones, which include two forms - Japanese (daikon) and Chinese (lobo), are few. But in vain. They are better in taste, have large roots without bitterness, and they also do not require special care. In this article we will talk about how to grow lobo radish.

Description of radish lobo

First, let's look at it: Lobo radish - what it is and what it is eaten with. Root crops of the Chinese species are large, round or elongated. They can reach a mass of 500 grams and above (record holders of a few kilograms are fixed). In color, they are different: light and dark green, pink, red, purple, in the upper part - always green.

Lobo root vegetables taste succulent, delicate, weakly pointed, without bitterness, which is typical of European species containing much more mustard oil. When eaten resemble the taste of radish.

In terms of food composition, all radishes are equally useful. They are recommended to be used regularly to cleanse the kidneys and liver, to remove cholesterol and excess fluid from the body, to be fed with vitamin C. Radish roots can normalize digestion and have a bactericidal effect.

Lobo seeds are sold in stores under several names: “Margilan radish”, “Chinese radish”, “Lobo radish”. For growing in our climatic conditions, the most suitable varieties Troyandova and Lebidka.

Variety Lebidka. It has elongated white roots, reaching an average weight of 520-580 g, with tender juicy flesh. Tastes on the dessert scale are marked with five points. The growing season is 86-91 days. Productivity - 70-80 kg / 10 sq. m. This radish can be stored for a long time.

Variety Troyandova. It has oval root crops of pink color, with an average weight of 670-700 g, with delicate pulp. Taste is pleasant, it is noted in 4,9 points. The vegetation period is 80-82 days. Productivity - 64-67 kg / 10 sq. m. Stored for a long time.

If Lobo radish and its description interested you, then we recommend to learn about its cultivation and care. Immediately, we note that the plant is unpretentious and even succumbs to gardener novices.

What loves radish lobo

In general, lobo is not a demanding culture. It has no particular preferences for soil composition, light, temperature. The only thing that she particularly likes is the good moisture content of the soil and air.

Chinese lobo radish belongs to cold-resistant plants. Its seeds begin to germinate at a temperature of +2. +3 ° C. The optimum temperature for the appearance of sprouts is 20-25 ° C. In this case, even young shoots are able to transfer light frosts to -3. -4 ° C. Mature radish stand at -5. -6 ° C, but not for a long time. Root crops normally develop at +5. +25 ° C. However, it is best to grow at +18. +20 ° C.

The best predecessors of radish lobo

Since lobo radish has the same diseases and is susceptible to the same pests as other plants of its cruciferous family, it should not be planted after cabbage, radishes, as well as carrots, beets, horseradish. The best predecessors will be garlic, onions, cucumbers, legumes, dill, potatoes. It can be sown immediately after harvesting early crops or planted in the rows between potatoes, onions, cucumbers, etc.

In the same place where Lobo radish or other cruciferous trees grew, it can be planted only after three or four years.

Planting Lobo radish

The site for the cultivation of radish Lobo must be carefully cleaned of weeds and fertilize. For top dressing of the soil, humus (4-5 kg ​​/ 1 sq. M.), Ammonium nitrate and superphosphate (15-20 g / 1 sq. M.), Potassium chloride (5-10 g / 1 sq. M.) Are used. After fertilization, the ground must be well dig and water.

Since lobo is a late variety, it is better to plant it in two terms: in the first decade of May, in the first or second decade of July.

Under favorable conditions, the first shoots appear in five days, maximum - in a week. In the future, seedlings will require thinning. The first time this procedure is carried out in the phase of two or three true leaves, in the second - in a month. For normal development, plants should be located at a distance of 20 cm from each other.

Since during this period young plants are not yet protected from the onset of pests such as cruciferous flea, it is desirable to treat them with insecticides or sprinkle with wood ash (or a mixture of ashes with tobacco, ashes with lime in a 1: 1 ratio). Dusting with ashes can begin as soon as the first sprout appears. It will take them several times. If you prefer chemicals, you can use Ridomil (10 g / 10 l of water), Decis (5 g / 10 l of water), Bi-58 (5 g / 10 l of water), etc. Consumption of working mixture: 3 l / 100 sq. m

Features of Chinese radish fertilizer

Under planting radish lobo fertilizer is applied several times per season - preferably three or four times at intervals of 10-15 days. Apply nitrogen-containing dressings. Their first dose (in the period of three or four true leaves) is 15-20 g / 10 l of water.

When conducting the procedure for the second and third time, you must add fertilizer with potassium in the composition. You can also make superphosphate (10 g).

Pest control radish lobo

Radish Lobo with properly conducted agricultural cultivation and preventive spraying infrequently affected by diseases and pests. However, this happens. It has the same problems as all cruciferous ones. So, she can suffer diseases such as kila, fusarium, bacteriosis.

From parasites to attack her love cruciferous flea beetles, rapeseed flower beetle, cabbage and sprout flies, cabbage and rape bug, etc.

Cruciferous flea - one of the most dangerous pests, because they can completely destroy young crops in a couple of days. Hibernate under plant debris and in the soil. Go out for wrecking in April. Eat leaves, forming through holes on them.

We have already written about preventive sprinkling of seedlings. Also for the purpose of prevention, it is important to periodically loosen the soil and fight weeds. If the flea still attacked the radish, you can scare it, repeatedly sprinkling the plants with infusions of wormwood, tobacco, and dust it with ashes. Such procedures will take at least three, with intervals of 4-5 days.

With a massive defeat without the permitted insecticides can not do. However, chemical treatments must be stopped at least one month before harvest.

The same control measures should be applied when attacking other pests. At the same time try to start with gentle methods: spraying decoction and infusions of insecticidal plants, dusting with ashes, tobacco dust, lime, etc.

Radish Lobo: Harvesting

Root crops of radish Lobo must be removed before the first frost - the harvest is carried out in the second or third decade of October. If frosts find Lobo in the soil, it can significantly harm the fruit. Radish roots are pulled from the ground for the tops of flowers or resort to using shovels. Harvested radish leaves are suitable for feeding farm animals. In radish, which is planned for winter storage, it is better not to trim the tops, but twist. At the same time, a stem of 2 cm should remain.

In order for Lobo to keep her taste and healthy appearance longer, it should be stored in the basement at a temperature of +2. +3 ° C and humidity 80-90%. Under storage use boxes, sand, or poured them a slide. It is important to avoid freezing vegetables. With proper storage, radish lobo can last until spring.

When to dig a radish?

Although Margilan radish and tolerates slight frosts, it is better to clean root vegetables before the onset of cold weather. When to dig lobo radish? In this case, you can focus on the maturity of the culture:

  • Early varieties are ready for digging in 57–70 days after germination.
  • Mid-season and late Chinese radish are harvested after 70-110 days.

Cleaning is done in dry weather. If you have to harvest the summer harvest, it is better to pull out the radish in the morning or in the evening, when there is no bright sun.

On loose, light ground, you can pull Margilan radish by holding the tops, not far from the base of the outlet. And in order not to damage large radish on chernozem or clay soil, root crops will have to be carefully digged.

Healthy rootstock, without cuttings and scratches, are stored for storage, in which the tops are removed, leaving petioles no longer than 2–3 cm. In a cellar or basement, Margilan radish can last until spring. To do this, root vegetables are placed in boxes and poured with sand, after which the containers are placed in a room with a temperature of 0–1 ° C and a humidity of about 85–90%.

Loba - Chinese sweet radish: features of growing

If Japanese garden radish is now grown by many gardeners, then its Chinese version, forehead, is almost unfamiliar even to curious amateur vegetable growers. In China, such a radish is grown everywhere, and it is sold in all the numerous bazaars.

The roots of the lobe can be of various shapes and colors - from round to cylindrical, with white, light green or red skin. But in the upper part of the head, the roots are always painted in an intense green color. Root pulp has a color ranging from white to pink-red. The root weight ranges from 0.5 to 1 kg or more.

The taste of the loba occupies an intermediate position between the daikon and the European varieties of radish, their flesh is slightly mild. By taste, many of its varieties are close to radishes.

Root roots are stored better than daikon, but worse than winter varieties of European radish.

Root crops of the lobs, except for the exotic appearance, amazing taste and impressive size, have healing properties - inhibit the growth of bacteria, remove excess water from the body, promote digestion, clean the liver and kidneys, dissolve stones in them, remove salts of heavy metals and radionuclides.

They do not have a sharp arousing effect on heart activity, like our black radish, therefore, it is not contraindicated for the elderly. Their value is much higher than normal radish and radish, they help strengthen the immune system, reduce the level of cholesterol and carcinogenic substances in the body.

Agrotechnika sweet radish

Margilan radish. www.greeninfo.ru

The forehead is an unpretentious plant, and even those varieties that are round and not submerged deep in the ground can be cultivated even on heavy clay soils, but a high yield is obtained, naturally, on fertile soils well seasoned with organic matter (compost or humus) and neutral reaction.

The best precursors for the lobs are legumes and winter crops, cucumber, early potatoes, tomatoes, onions.

Sow Chinese radish in spring and summer (mostly). When spring sown, it often forms flower stalks, the fruits of such plants, unlike daikon, are not suitable for food. And during the summer period of sowing, the plants of peduncles do not form and give a very high yield of root crops.

The soil for growing lobs is prepared in the same way as for other root crops. It must be well filled with organic fertilizers (compost, humus) for 1 bucket per 1 m2 for light fertile soils and 2 buckets for 1 m2 for heavy clay soils. But fresh manure to make it impossible. It is made only under the previous culture.

The depth of digging the soil should not be less than 30 cm. Sour soils should definitely be used to make slaked lime. In lowland areas, the forehead is best grown on ridges and beds.

Of the fertilizers, before sowing, it is better to add a complete mineral fertilizer or nitrophoshka 1 teaspoon per 1 m2. But it is even better to use complex fertilizers “Kemira-Lux” or “Kemira-Universal-2”, containing not only nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but also all the necessary microelements. These fertilizers are more expensive nitrofoski, but much more efficient.

The term of sowing. Depending on the variety, they sow the forehead in two terms. In order to obtain root crops in the summer-autumn period, seeds are sown from April 25. For winter storage - from June 20 to July 10, as the early sowing of winter varieties of lobs leads to the ejection of inflorescences in the first year of life and cracking of root crops.

The maximum yield of root crops is obtained by sowing seeds at the beginning of the first decade of July. At this time, growing conditions are most favorable for most varieties of lobe.

But at the same time it is necessary to water the soil well, and after sowing to mulch. And if you want to lay the roots for the winter, then it should be sown at the end of the first decade of July.

The most recent date of sowing seeds is mid-July, but such roots will be a little small in this case.

Optimal temperature for growth and development 15-18 ° C. The culture is cold-resistant, withstands light frosts.

Method of sowing seeds

Lob seeds resemble radish seeds. Spice jungle

The yield and size of the root crops largely depend on the sowing plan. Practice has shown that the most optimal is the scheme of sowing seeds on beds 110 cm wide in 4 rows with a distance of 30–35 cm between them. Seeds are sown in nests of 2–3 pieces to a depth of 2 cm.

If the soil is not sufficiently wet, then after sowing the plot must be watered. Subsequently, 5–6 days after emergence of shoots, one healthy plant is left in each nest of three shoots.

To speed up seed germination, the bed is covered with a film, which is removed when seedlings appear. The seedlings appear in 6–7 days, and when sown with the soaked seeds in moist soil - in five days. In the phase of 2-3 real leaves, the plants are thinned 15 cm apart, and for large-fruited varieties - up to 18 cm.

When a root crop reaches a diameter of 3–4 cm, plants must be fed with a solution of mullein or ash.

On rich soils, 1–2 feedings are sufficient for early varieties, and 3–4 feedings with an interval of 10–12 days for winter varieties.

And one more peculiarity of the loba - on the garden it gives a higher yield than on a flat surface.

Harvesting and storage of the crop

Harvested roots until frost. Early varieties clean selectively in dry weather as they mature, and winter varieties in a row.

In root crops intended for storage, it is better not to cut the tops, but to cut them off by twisting, leaving a petiole 1.5–2 cm long.

In cold cellars, winter varieties are well preserved until the end of winter, remaining as juicy as if they had just been removed from the garden ...

Sources:

  1. Chinese sweet radish - Fermer.ru
  2. Loba (plant) - Wikipedia

Chinese radish: features of the cultivation of sweet varieties

The shape and color of the fruits are varied: the root crop can be round or cylindrical, have white, green or red color of the skins. However, the top of the vegetable is always saturated green. As for the color of the pulp, it usually ranges from white to pink-red.

The average weight of a ripe fruit is a little over a kilogram. The taste of Lobo radish resembles something between Daikon and the fruits of varieties of European origin. The vegetable is almost not bitter, therefore it is called “sweet”.

Often the taste of the plant resembles radishes.

As for storage, the fruit of the variety can be kept fresh and fragrant longer than the Daikon root vegetables. However, Chinese radish is stored worse than European.

In addition to the interesting appearance, remarkable taste and size of fruits, the variety also has useful qualities. In particular, the use of root crops removes excess moisture from the body, has a positive effect on metabolism, cleanses the liver and kidneys (including stones), removes radionuclides and salts of heavy metals.

Radish is detrimental to the growth and development of harmful bacteria inside the human body. Rado Lobo does not have a negative effect on the heart, so it can be used by older people. Also, the root vegetable of Chinese origin strengthens the immune system, reduces the content of cholesterol and carcinogens in the human body.

Radish Lobo is a culture that does not require special growing conditions and careful maintenance. Even round root crops that are not deeply embedded in the ground can be grown on heavy clay soils. However, the richest harvest can still be obtained on fertile lands with a neutral reaction, saturated with organic fertilizers.

It is best to plant the plant after legumes and winter cereals, as well as cucumbers, tomatoes, onions and early potatoes.

It is possible to sow a plant both in the spring, and in the summer (most often). When sown in spring, the culture often lets color, as a result of which its fruits cannot be consumed. At the same time, carrying out sowing in the summer, the peduncle is not formed, and the harvest can be collected significant.

Preparing the soil in which the Elephant Fang radish will be grown (another Loba name) is no different from the preparation procedure before planting other types of vegetables.

It is necessary to feed the earth well with organic fertilizers (a bucket of compost or humus per unit area for light soils, 2 buckets per unit area - for heavy ones).

However, fresh manure can not be used as fertilizer.

Dig the area to a depth of no more than 0.03 meters. Sour soils must be used to make lime. In lowland conditions, the crop should be grown on ridges or other heights.

Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to feed the soil with mineral dressings or nitrophoska. It is best to use fertilizers of complex nature, such as Keira-Lux or Kemira-Universal-1. In such feedings there is, in addition to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, a number of useful trace elements. Such fertilizers are very effective, albeit costly.

Sowing radish is carried out in different ways, depending on the variety of root vegetables. For summer harvesting, the seeds are placed in the soil starting from the end of April. If long-term storage of the vegetable is planned, it is better to sow it in late June - early July, because the early planting of winter varieties provokes the appearance of inflorescences and the violation of the integrity of the fruits.

The largest crop of crops can be obtained by sowing in early July. This time is optimal for most varieties of culture. However, in any case, the land should be moistened abundantly, and after placing seeds into it, mulch it.

Best of all, the plant develops at a temperature of 15 ° - 18 °. Vegetable is cold-resistant, tolerates small frosts.

Biological description and characteristics of Margilan radish

Radish Margilan is one of the representatives of the Cabbage family. Root crop got its unusual name thanks to the city of Margilan, located in Uzbekistan, where it came to the liking of the local population and became actively cultivated by them. He got there from China, so this country is rightfully considered his homeland.

Margelanskaya (Chinese) radish or Lobo

The plant is characterized by a sprawling rosette of leaves. Root crops have a short length, reaching 16-20 cm. Fruit underground part of the plant can grow up to 500 g of weight. In the process of development, the fetus is compacted and takes a round, oval or elongated shape. Depending on the variety, the skin of the fruit may have a white, green, reddish and purple color. White translucent pulp with a greenish tinge. Root is characterized by high juiciness and not very pronounced sharpness. Regardless of the shape and color of the peel, radish fruits have many useful substances, are not endowed with bitterness, crunch pleasantly when used and are good for salting, boiling, stewing, pickling and fresh use.

Benefit and harm

Marghelan radish grown since ancient times is considered a source of vitamins and microelements. One of the favorite foods that enriches and cures the body.

Nutritionists recommend introducing Margilan radish into the diet because of its low calorie content.

The healing properties of radish:

  • strengthens the heart muscle and normalizes blood pressure,
  • provides work of the nervous system without overload and loss of concentration,
  • beneficial effect on hematopoietic function, is responsible for the supply of oxygen and valuable elements to organs and tissues,
  • normalizes production digestive enzymes and gently stimulates the activity of the pancreas,
  • removes toxins, deposits of slags and salts,
  • is effective analgesic and antiseptic by means of
  • helps with lesions of the skincaused by fungal and bacterial infections,
  • slows down age changes, improves the condition of the skin, hair, teeth.

Before you enter Margilan radish in your daily diet, you should be familiar with the contraindications, which include:

  • chronic gastritis at the time of exacerbation with high acidity,
  • peptic ulcer acute stomach
  • urolithiasis disease and pathological conditions leading to impaired renal function,
  • in the period of infectious diseases, as it can cause bloating and increased flatulence,
  • pregnancy, because the essential oils contained in the vegetable, can improve the tone of the uterus, causing miscarriage or premature birth,
  • during lactation, because it impairs the taste of milk and causes colic in an infant,
  • propensity to allergic reactions.
Contraindications to entering the menu of dietary radish are diseases of the cardiovascular system

History of the variety

If we trace the history of the creation of radish as a vegetable crop, we would like to note that this root crop was grown on its fields by the farmers of ancient Egypt. Subsequently, the vegetable safely "migrated" to other countries, and with the development of agriculture, new varieties of this popular plain plant began to appear. In Europe, radish breeding began in the twelfth century. In distant China, one species has long been cultivated - Lobo radish.

Chinese beauty - Lobo radish

Characteristics and features

Chinese radish is a mini pantry of nutrients and trace elements. Root crop weighing 100 g has a low calorie -21 kcal. This popular vegetable contains a large "vitamin" group.

Red vegetable flesh is considered a feature of Lobo vegetable

Table of names of nutrients and vitamins of Chinese radish:

Chinese radish belongs to the cabbage family with cross-pollination. Vegetables can be planted in early spring or planted for the winter. The root crop contains trace elements of calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, chlorine, and sulfur, which are necessary for the human body. Iron, zinc, iodine, molybdenum, copper, manganese and selenium are also present. One small root crop of Lobo radish has such a rich vitamin arsenal.

Description of the variety:

  1. Leaves whole lobed cut into lateral lobes, in an amount of from 3 to 12 pairs. In a leaf outlet can be from 10 to 15 leaves,
  2. Mature roots have a flat-circular, oval or cylindrical shape. There are varieties with elongated cylindrical shape,
  3. The taste of Lobo radish is mild, with dense and juicy flesh. A little reminds all familiar daikon or radish,
  4. Lobo radish color can be white, green, red, purple or magenta,
  5. When ripe, the root mass reaches from 300 g to 10 kg,
  6. Radish skin can be green or white
  7. The height of the branched stem reaches 1 meter,
  8. The plant blooms with small flowers of white, pink, purple hue. The flowers are clustered in racemes
  9. After flowering, instead of flowers, stalky, cylindrical fruits with large oval-shaped and brown seeds are formed.

The collected seeds retain their germination from 4 to 6 years.

Green Chinese Radish Peel

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The undoubted advantages of Chinese radish include:

  1. Excellent taste of juicy pulp and delicate pleasant aroma,
  2. Radish Lobo has practically no contraindications for use,
  3. Root crops, like potatoes, are stored in basements and are well preserved until spring,
  4. Chinese radish is a very useful product from a medical point of view. Regular consumption of fresh and after cooking helps in the prevention of many diseases,
  5. The root crop contains few calories, which allows it to be consumed without fear of gaining extra pounds.

If we talk about the shortcomings of this variety, then it should be noted that at the stage of emergence of early shoots a vegetable may be affected by cabbage flea. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out processing with authorized pesticides, which may adversely affect the environmental friendliness of the vegetable.

Top Grades

Radish has not only several popular names, but also differs in the shape and color of root crops: round and elongated, bright green and slightly greenish, white and purple-pink, with delicate multi-colored flesh. One thing remains unchanged - the wonderful delicate taste of the pulp, which is devoid of the bitterness of the usual European radish. The most popular among gardeners and gourmets are Margilan (or green radish) and Elephant Fang.

Margilan

Chinese radish or forehead, as it is called at home, was brought back in times of merchants and caravans, who carried all sorts of goods from China to Europe along the Silk Road. The radish, which attracted and relished the city dwellers of Margilan, settled so firmly there that they began to call it Margilan.

Radish is an excellent tool with analgesic and antiseptic effect, helps with problems with the liver, kidneys and gall bladder. However, it should be used in moderation and after consultation with a specialist. Green radish, which is also called watermelon, has a round or cylindrical shape, bright green skin and raspberry pulp. The average weight of one fruit is about 400 g, but it can reach 1 kg.

Elephant Fang

Some gardeners consider the variety Elephant's Fang to be a type of Margilan radish, others refer it to Japanese daikon. The variety is characterized by high yield and resistance to drought and various diseases. The advantage is its taste characteristics. The name eloquently hints at the appearance of the vegetable: white, oblong, up to 60 cm. The fruits are extremely crispy, fragrant and healthy.

Landing features

Terms of planting should be selected depending on the characteristics of the variety and climatic conditions of the place of cultivation. When to plant green radish, you decide. Sowing time in open ground, you can choose both spring and summer. In this case, you should focus on the ripening of the root.

In the spring, lobo can be planted from mid-April until the end of the last decade of May, in summer from mid-July to early September under favorable weather conditions. If the green radish is planted in spring, then with too rapid a change in the weather towards heat and an increase in daylight, the appearance of peduncles on plants that have not yet had a root crop is possible.

To the plant did not start blooming ahead of time, many gardeners prefer to plant it in summer. Since the culture tolerates light frosts, then worry that the root crop does not have time to mature and gain weight.

The optimum temperature for growth and development of green radish is considered to be within 20 ° C, while a significant increase may cause early emergence of peduncles.

The soil is better to prepare in the fall. You should choose areas with neutral or slightly acidic soil. If the level of acidity is increased, you need to add hydrated lime. The soil is fed with organic and mineral fertilizers: potash, superphosphate, ammonium sulphate. Fissures for sowing should be made quite deep (at least 30 cm) and at a sufficient distance from each other. The main thing is to select high-quality seeds: undigested or damaged should be discarded. For a quick shoot, the sprouts are moistened abundantly with soil and covered with plastic wrap on top. If necessary, seedlings can be thinned.

Care rules

Green radish has its main features of growing and care. Feed the root crop at least twice: after the first thinning and during the active formation of root crops. You can use complex feeding or ash and nitrophoska. If the root does not grow enough, and the leaves are already white, the plant should be fed with organic fertilizers.

Vegetable loves moisture, so it requires frequent and abundant watering. However, watering should be regularly equal doses, otherwise the radish can crack.

Why does radish grows coarse and bitter? From lack of moisture.

It is important to take preventive measures against pests. Immediately after sowing, the soil should be treated with a mixture of ash, tobacco chips and lime, taken in equal parts. When the first shoots appear, another treatment with ashes is recommended. Tobacco protection from cabbage flies will help tobacco dust, flour from wormwood and pine needles. Fighting slugs can be done by regular hilling root crops. The main thing is not to allow thickening, timely remove excess leaves.

Harvesting

Grow a radish a little, you need more time to harvest. It is important not to overdo the root crop in the ground, otherwise it may lose its taste and an empty space will form in the pulp. When harvesting you will help determine the selective harvesting of fruits. In the summer, the fruits are harvested as needed, gradually gathering the entire crop, in the autumn it is important not to make it cold.

For cleaning dry dry day is suitable. The radish is dug, left to dry for a while, cut off the petioles, and then removed for storage in a cool, dry room. Green radish can be beautifully stored for several months, it is only important to sort it out periodically.

Who should not eat radish?

Doctors do not recommend eating these radish varieties to pregnant and lactating women. Some components of vegetables accumulate in the body, and when they are oversupplied, the uterus may come in tone. This is unacceptable when carrying a child, as it can provoke an abortion in early life and premature birth. Red radish can cause allergies in the mother and baby, as its components can penetrate into breast milk.

Radish is also contraindicated for people who have heart disease, ulcers, gastritis, enterocolitis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

These radish varieties are very popular in cooking.

Cooking Application

There are a large number of dishes that use these varieties of radish. Basically they are used in the manufacture of various salads, less often they are used in the preparation of soups, meat dishes and side dishes.

Root vegetables help food to acquire an unusual taste and aroma. Taste qualities of vegetables do not change during thermal processing. They can be stewed, boiled, fried and steamed.

Red radish and Lobo - very juicy and tasty varieties. Their colors are diverse, because of what they look unusual. In cooking, they are widely used due to their taste. They do not have bitterness and sharpness, so they have a delicate taste. They are also used to treat and prevent many diseases. However, some people are not recommended to eat them.

Lobo - Chinese radish: value and cultivation

Radish - one of the oldest and most common vegetable plants in the world. Lobo - Chinese radish. Its homeland is considered to be China and Egypt, from where it came to Ancient Greece, and then to other European countries. In Russia, this vegetable is grown everywhere, but the acreage is small.

The nutritional value of radish root crops is due to the presence of mineral salts, vitamins, as well as fibers, pectin, enzymes and essential oil, which contribute to better metabolism and digestion, purify the body. It is used for the prevention of certain diseases.

However, radish contains many substances that give it sharpness and bitterness, which hinders its consumption. No wonder the people say: "Radish boasted that it is good with honey." That is why older people, as well as patients with gastric and duodenal ulcers, are not recommended to eat a lot of this "bitch."

These restrictions mainly concern varieties of European radish, which are characterized by a very sharp and bitter taste, but not of the whole species - radish, which combines three subspecies: European, Chinese (lobo) and Japanese (daikon).

Root crops of radish lobo, and also daikon are juicier, softer and tastier in comparison with varieties of the European subspecies. They contain little oil and therefore practically no specific bitterness. They are consumed not only fresh or seasoned, but also boiled, salted, pickled.

In addition, their roots, as a rule, are larger than those of the European subspecies, which means you can get a higher yield. However, today these vegetables are little known in Russia and they are almost not grown.

  • How to grow lobo?
  • Soil preparation
  • When and how to sow?

Time to land

The main condition for planting is the correct determination of the time of sowing seeds. Radish can be grown twice a season. In early May, plant the plants and get a crop for consumption in the summer. For winter storage it is better to use a radish, which was sown in early July. These landing dates are approximate.

Despite the fact that the cultivation of Margilan radish has historically been practiced in a highly continental climate, it is possible to plant radish in open ground in the Urals and in Siberia.

Radish is a thermophilic culture of short daylight hours. If at the time of the growing season the duration of daylight is more than 15 hours, and temperature indicators are above 15-25 ◦ С, The radish will hasten to throw out the peduncle and will direct all its strength to the formation of seeds, not of fruits. To avoid this, it is necessary to correctly determine the time of sowing seeds, focusing on the climatic features of the region.

Soil preparation

To obtain a high-quality harvest, it is necessary to give preference to areas with a neutral and slightly acidic soil rich in organic matter. To reduce the acidity of the soil, it is necessary to add slaked lime, and in the presence of heavy clay soil, add sand or peat.Onions, tomatoes, cucumbers and legumes are considered good predecessors.

Sow the seeds necessary in the prepared soil. This requires the following operations:

  1. Since autumn, selected for the cultivation of radish garden, good dig to a depth of 30 cm.
  2. To increase soil fertility make a complex of organic and mineral substances.
  3. With the onset of spring, fertilize again, using compost or humus.

Technology of landing in an open ground

It is necessary to plant seeds in open ground, when the air temperature indicators are not lower than 18-20◦ C. Also, before planting, you need to prepare planting material, soak it for a day, then dry it well.

Radish seeds are sown in the grooves in two or three pieces at a distance of 15-18 cm from each other

Stages of the landing process:

  1. Before landing the ground needs to be covered and loosen up.
  2. Make holes 2-3 cm deep. Since the fruits grow in large sizes, it is necessary to leave a distance of 50-70 cm between the rows, and 15 cm between the holes.
  3. In each recess place 3-5 seedsThis will allow increasing the germination capacity of the crop and, at thinning, remove weak sprouts.
  4. Sprinkle with soil substrate and moisten. Then, to protect the seeds from frost, a bed should be covered with a film on top.

Proper care for radish

Most self-respecting gardeners understand that a truly generous harvest will come with constant concern for the crops grown. This rule applies to Margilan radish. To do this, you must perform the following activities:

  • water regularly and abundantly especially at the time of the formation and formation of fruits,
  • thin out shootsby removing small and weak specimens, and leaving one plant in each well,
At the stage of two or three leaves, thinning of the Margilan radish is carried out.
  • feed with vitamins immediately after planting and the period of formation of root crops,
  • destroy all weeds, and also to clean the yellowed leaves on the ground,
  • tearing off healthy foliage, which blocks access of light and air deep into plantations, this will help prevent the occurrence of plant pests and pathogens on the plant,
  • spud the tops of the fruits that form above the ground, which will allow the vegetables not to harden in the air and not be attacked by insects,
  • provide the plant with additional protection from diseases and pestsby performing a series of necessary preventive measures.

Susceptibility to diseases and pests

Most often, this vegetable crop is affected by the keel, powdery mildew, white rot, black leg. To protect plants from infection it is required to tear off excess foliage for free air penetration to the roots, timely deal with weed crops and carefully carry out autumn harvesting of plant residues, as well as follow the recommendations for crop rotation.

The main pests of the radish are Margilan, cruciferous flea and cabbage flies. These insects can add to the hassle and reduce yields. Therefore, in order to prevent the need to systematically treat crops using ground ash, tobacco dust. You can also plant marigolds near the garden bed, the smell of which will scare away dangerous pests.

How to grow lobo?

Radish belongs to the plants of a long daylight, it is prone to bolting. When the day lasts 15 - 17 hours or more, and at the same time relatively low temperatures (+ 1 ... + 10 ° C), the plants quickly end the vetotivny period and go to the reproductive one, bypassing the formation phase of the roots.

Therefore, for the successful cultivation of radish a very important element of the technology is the correct choice of planting dates, taking into account the biological characteristics of the variety and the climatic conditions of the region.

Unfortunately, to this day, many vegetable growers ineptly grow these plants and as a result of booting do not receive root crops. Some believe that Chinese radish lobo and Japanese daikon are not suitable for growing in the northern high-latitude zone. This is due to the biological characteristics of these plants and their photoperiodic reaction.

It was found that from the second half of summer, when the length of the day is reduced to 12 hours, the plants delay the transition to the reproductive phase of development (flowering and fruiting) and create optimal conditions for the formation of root crops.

The results of our research indicate that it is not difficult to grow lobo radish and in the technology of its cultivation there is much in common with the European radish subspecies. It also grows well on fertile, loose, fairly moist, medium-loamy and loamy soils rich in organic matter, with a humus content of 4.0–4.9% and a neutral reaction of the ground solution (pH 6-7). Almost all vegetable plants can be predecessors: tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini and others, except for the cabbage family.

When and how to sow?

The term of sowing radish lobo depends on the biological characteristics of the variety and the use of the product. For autumn-winter consumption and long-term storage, it is sown at the end of June - the first half of July. At such time of sowing, the plants do not form a flowering stem and form a high crop of root crops.

Lobo sowing method is wide-row, the layout of plants is 45 × 10 cm or three-row belt according to the scheme (40 + 40 + 60) x 10 cm, the number of plants per 10 m2 is 180-200 pcs. This provides the highest yield of commercial root vegetables of the Xiang Touqing variety. Seeds are sown to a depth of 3 cm (3 seeds per nest), the soil after sowing is pressed. If in the summer during sowing the weather is dry, it is necessary to water the crops after sowing the Lobo seeds, the water rate is 200-300 liters per 10 m2, or pour them into the grooves at the rate of 100 l / 10 m.

In the seedling phase, radish, and especially lobo, is very affected by cabbage plaque. If it appears, the plants are sprayed with a solution of pesticides (decis, karate, fastak, etc.), one ampoule is dissolved in 10 liters of water. To protect against cabbage flies in the phase of formation of root crops use the same drugs. Treatments against pests are stopped 30 days before harvest. In the formation phase of root crops, the plants are watered, the rate of water is 350-400 l / 10 m2.

The seedlings are thinned twice: for the first time in the phase of two to three true leaves (10 days after emergence), leaving two healthy plants in the nest, then after 10 to 12 days, when 4 to 5 true leaves appear in the nest, an excellently developed plant remains. In the future, care consists of regular weeding and loosening (first deep and then superficial). In well-filled soils, fertilizing is not carried out, but if necessary, mineral fertilizers are applied.

The crop is harvested when the technical ripeness of the root crops begins (late September - early October) at one time. On light soils, lobo are pulled out by the leaves, and on heavy soils, they dig in with a shovel, so as not to injure the roots. During harvesting, the ground is shaken off, small roots are removed, and then the leaves are cut with a knife, leaving a petiole no more than 1 cm.

Root vegetables are stored in plastic bags or in boxes, sprinkled with sand. Reasonably well and for a long time (up to four months) lobo is stored in the basement or in a refrigerator at a temperature from 0 ° to 5 ° C and a relative humidity of 90 - 95%.

The timing of planting and care for Margilan radish in the open field

Among garden crops not the last place is Margelan radish. Besides she is very healing, tasty and it will not be difficult to grow it even with a minimum of effort and money.

Radish Margilan is one of the representatives of the Cabbage family. Root crop got its unusual name thanks to the city of Margilan, located in Uzbekistan, where it came to the liking of the local population and became actively cultivated by them. He got there from China, so this country is rightfully considered his homeland.

Margelanskaya (Chinese) radish or Lobo

The plant is characterized by a sprawling rosette of leaves. Root crops have a short length, reaching 16-20 cm. Fruit underground part of the plant can grow up to 500 g of weight. In the process of development, the fetus is compacted and takes a round, oval or elongated shape.

Depending on the variety, the skin of the fruit may have a white, green, reddish and purple color. White translucent pulp with a greenish tinge. Root is characterized by high juiciness and not very pronounced sharpness.

Regardless of the shape and color of the peel, radish fruits have many useful substances, are not endowed with bitterness, crunch pleasantly when used and are good for salting, boiling, stewing, pickling and fresh use.

Fruit plant: with appropriate care, up to 6 kg of juicy fruits can be collected from 1 m2.

Marghelan radish grown since ancient times is considered a source of vitamins and microelements. One of the favorite foods that enriches and cures the body.

Nutritionists recommend introducing Margilan radish into the diet because of its low calorie content.

The healing properties of radish:

  • strengthens the heart muscle and normalizes blood pressure,
  • provides work of the nervous system without overload and loss of concentration,
  • beneficial effect on hematopoietic function, is responsible for the supply of oxygen and valuable elements to organs and tissues,
  • normalizes production digestive enzymes and gently stimulates the activity of the pancreas,
  • removes toxins, deposits of slags and salts,
  • is effective analgesic and antiseptic by means of
  • helps with lesions of the skincaused by fungal and bacterial infections,
  • slows down age changes, improves the condition of the skin, hair, teeth.

Before you enter Margilan radish in your daily diet, you should be familiar with the contraindications, which include:

  • chronic gastritis at the time of exacerbation with high acidity,
  • peptic ulcer acute stomach
  • urolithiasis disease and pathological conditions leading to impaired renal function,
  • in the period of infectious diseases, as it can cause bloating and increased flatulence,
  • pregnancy, because the essential oils contained in the vegetable, can improve the tone of the uterus, causing miscarriage or premature birth,
  • during lactation, because it impairs the taste of milk and causes colic in an infant,
  • propensity to allergic reactions.

Contraindications to entering the menu of dietary radish are diseases of the cardiovascular system

The greatest benefit will bring Chinese radish grown in their backyard. In addition, this culture does not have any special requirements for the composition of the soil and the care, because the radish belongs to the category of unpretentious plants.

Watch the video: 11 Surprising Benefits Of Daikon - What is Daikon Good For? (November 2019).

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